Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1912-1925 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 16, 1923)
PUBLISHED WEEKLY AND DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF MORROW COUNTY
Volume 40, Number 19. HEPPNER, OREGON, TH URSDAY, AUG. 16, 1923. Subscription $2.00 Per Year
Harvey C. Rush Dies
Memorial Services Held
At Hood River Home
For President Harding
Uur Next big right
Z- " . - , x 7 71A7:'s ,:";Z. ?
1921 Inspection Law Has
Not Been Enforced
NEW GRADES GIVEN
Dealers' Schedules Unjust to C row
ers Says State Market Agent;
Premiums Not Allowed.
Br C. E. BPENCE, SUM Market Aaent.
721 Court Houu, Portland.
In 1921 the state legislature amend
ed the grain inspection act, and pro
vided a schedule of premiums and
discounts for different varieties and
weights of wheat. This smendment
has not been enforced.
The Northwest Grain Dealers' As
sociation, in session in Spokane, Wn.,
June 18, 1923, adopted a schedule of
discounts, but It psys no premiums
on wheat that weighs more than the
basic (58 pounds) and their discounts
run too low when the milling value
of the light wheat is considered.
The values of wheat, under the
amended law, are based very closely
on the Howard laboratory teats of
Minneapolis recognised as the high
est suthority in the country.
The following schedules, ordered by
the State Msrket Agent, C. E. Spence,
carry out the provisions of the
amended law of 1921, and will be In
effect on and after September 1, 1923.
This table of prices, in reistion to
test weight of Soft Red Winter, Com
mon White and White Club wheat is
worked out for esch pound and half
pound test weight and based on a
price of 1 cent per bushel for No. 2
wheat weighing 68 pounds per bush
el, as provided in the 1921 smendment
to the Oregon Grain Inspection Act.
For premium No. 2 or better wheat
. testing over 68 pounds per bushel:
YiiHiiwMi tice""'" lw,t Price
it I .010060 sT.6 .0102110
(4.1 010620 CI.O 0,0240
64 0 0104H0 00.6 .010200
69.6 .010440 60.0 .010160
MO 0.04O0 6. 010120
2.t 0 0360 60.0 .01000
62.0 .010320 68.6 010040
H..ir .0 01
For discount wheat grading below
No. 2 because test weight below 68
pounds per bushel:
Tt Trice Tet
i7.sC t .0OMM 64.0....
67.0. 0W20 63 6
60 6 .009IKO 63 0 ....
66.0 009H40 62.6
66.6 009110 62.0
66.0...-. 0O1I7C0 61.6 ....
64.6 .OOilfiKO 61.0 ...
.009 2 HO
To determine the price per bushel
for tny weight Included in the list.
And the figure in the price column
opposite the test weight figure cor
responding to your wheat. Multiply
H by the number of cents the price
for 68 pound wheat of that class.
PUTTING IN LUNCH COUNTER.
Pat Foley, proprietor of Hotel Hepp
ner, was in town for a day or so the
first of the week, and while here made
arrangements to have a lunch counter
Installed. A door is being cut in
the north side of the building just at
the rear of the lobby, and the dining
room is being partitioned off to make
room for the counter, the idea of Mr.
Foley being that this arrangement
will be appreciated by a very large
number of people, especially men
coming in from the harvest fields,
wheat haulers, etc., and travelers who
do not care to go Into the regular
dining room for meals, and who de
sire quick service. The new arrange
ment will no doubt prove to be a pop
ular one for the hotel.
Sells First Wheat of
Season At Heppner
O. T. Ferguson, who is farming the
McCarty ranch in Sand Hollow, sold
the first lot of wheat on the Heppner
market for this season. He disposed
of three car loads to Messrs. Brown
sV Lowry, representing Kerr, Gilford
A Co., on Friday. The grain was
forty-fold and Mr. Ferguson received
a price of 88 cents per bushel. His
grain has made a heavy yield, going
from 20 to 25 per cent better than he
had estimated before harvest, and he
has been busy for the past ten days
In rushing the crop to the warehouse
at Heppner, hauling the grain to town
In a big truck.
EVERETT RITCHIE IS DEOD.
Everett Pierce Ritchie was born
March 7, 1895, near lone, Ore., and
passed awny August 7, 1923, at his
home in lone, aged 28 years and 5
months. He leaves to mourn their
loss his widowed mother, three broth
ers, five sisters and three brothers-in-
The funeral was held yesterday
morning from the Baptist church
Rev. Geo. E. Watson conducting the
religious services before a large num
ber of relatives and former friends.
The funeral arrangements were con
ducted by the local post of the Amer
ican Legion, of which he was a mem
ber, being a veteran of the World war
and seeing service In Europe. lone
DEER SEASON OPENS AUGUST 20.
Deputy Game Warden Albee an
nounces that the dear season will open
August 20 and close Oct. 31st. This is
in accordance with Instructions he re
ceived by tolegram on Tuosdny from
A. Burghdun, state game warden,
Mr. and Mrs. D. E. Oilman departed
Saturday for I'ortlnnd, where Mrs.
Ullman will rcmnin until tho 30th of
this month and then join the delega
tion of W. R. C. women going by spec
ial train to Milwaukic, wliero the
national convention of the Relief
Corps will be hold. A strong effort
will be mado to seeuro Mrs. tlilmnn's
election to the office of national pres
ident by her friends In the Oregon
delegation. Mr. Clllrnnn returned
home the first of the week.
Was On of the Early Settlers of
Morrow County and for Years
In Stock Business.
A dispatch to The Oregonlan from
Hood River, under date of August 9,
states: Funeral services for Harvey
C. Rush, 86 years old, who died yes
terday at his home in the Mount Hood
district, will be held at 2 o'clock to
morrow afternoon at the Ashbury
Methodist church, Rev. Gabriel Sykes,
the pastor, officiating. Interment will
follow at Idlewilde cemetery. The
members of Canby post. Grand Army
of the Republic, will have charge of
the services. Mr. Rush, a native of
Columbus, Ohio, came to Oregon in
1876. He had resided In the valley
for 20 years. His wife died at Mount
Hood in 1914. Surviving children are
W. M. Rush of Mount Hood, Mrs. E. L.
Knox of John Day, and Mrs. E. L.
Campbell of Pendleton. A brother, L.
E. Rush, resides at Anabel, Mo.
Harvey C. Rush was one of the
early settlers of Morrow county and
with his brother, Wm. Rush, engaged
in the sheep and cattle business in
this country for many years. He was
a veteran of the Civil War, and from
the History of Umatilla and Morrow
counties we take the following biog
raphy: Mr. Rush was born near New Lex
ington, Perry County, Ohio, on April
24, 1831, being the son of Admiral
Nelson and Nancy (Lanning) Rush,
who were old pioneers of Ohio. His
father was a relative of Benjamin
Rush, one of the signers of the Dec
laration of Independence. In 1848
his parents moved to Iowa and three
years later went to Illinois. Our sub
ject was educated in these three
states, gaining this discipline from
the common schools, and remained in
Illinois until the time of his enlist
ment. Following the war he tilled
the soil for two years in this state
and then removed to Iowa, Boone
county, where he continued the same
calling for two years more, then went
to Arkansas for the health of his wife.
In that state he remained for a couple
of years and then repaired to Kansas,
remaining until 1875, the date of their
advent into the state of Oregon, where
they settled ftmt in the Willamette
valley, being occupied there in the
repinn that is now Morrow county.
settling here on Rhea creek. He took
up a pre-emption and commenced in
the stock business, Ister branching
out with his brother William H. and
together they became the owners of
5000 acres of deeded land and had six
thousand head of stock sheep when
they sold out and retired from ranch
ing. Mr. Rush and Miss Lauranah A.,
daughter of Benjamin and Harriet
(Thompson) McPherson, were married
on September 28, 18(16, in the state
of Illinois. Their children were: Lil
lie M., wife of Isaac Large, now de
ceased; two, who died in infancy:
Carrie, deceased, who was the wifef
George W. Wells, of Heppner; Maude,
now Mrs. E. L. Knox of John Day;
Dollie J., wife of E. L. Campbell of
Pendleton, and William M. of Mount
Hood, Oregon. Mr. Rush was former
ly a member of Rawlins Post No. 81,
G. A. R. of Heppner.
BRANDS SHOULD BE RECORDED.
District Attorney Notson wishes us
to call attention to the fact that the
laws of Oregon require all persons
who use brands on their stock to have
the same recorded. A fine of $250 is
imposed by law for violation there
of, and the penalty is quite severe.
Not long since, at a meeting of the
Cattle and Horse Raisers' Association
of Oregon, the following resolution
was passed :
Whereas, there are a larco number
of cattle owners in the state who are
branding their cattle and who have
neglected to comply with the law of
the state in regard to recording their
Whereas, the Oregon law is now
sufficient, imposing a fine of (250.00
for not recording brands,
Therefore, be it Resolved, that the
Cattle and Horse Raisers' Association
of Oregon, ask the district attorneys
of the various counties of this state
to at once commence proceedings
against all those who have failed to
comply with the law, and
Be it Further Resolved, that the
secretary of this Association send a
copy of this resolution to every dis
trict attorney in the State of Oregon
and cause the same to be published,
Be it Further Resolved, that the
Brand Inspectors be requested and
our inspector at the Portland Stock
Yards be instructed to notify anv Dis
trict Attorney of any Infractions of
tnis law In his district.
John Hiatt New Manager
of Peoples Hardware Co
At a meeting of the directors of
Peoples Hardware Company held on
the 4th, Alva Jones, who has been
manager of the store for the past two
years or moro, tendered his resigna
tion, and John W. Hiutt was elected
to the place. Mr. Hiatt has been in
the employ of Case Furniture Co.
for several years, and during this
time has become very familiar with
business conditions here. We bespeak
for him success in the new undertak
ing. Mr. Hiatt assumed his new du
ties this week, relieving Mr. Jones
who will go on the farm of Jeff Jones
A Sons and assume his share of the
responsibilities in connection with
running their extensive ranching bus
iness. Grading work la progressing on the
Hopuncr-IIardman market road up
Heppner hill. Mccause of a shortage
in holp, the county has laid off on
the rock crusher, as many of the
hands have gone into the harvest
Holds. When harvest is over It will
not be so hard to got the necciKtary
help, and the crusher will start up
Grain Mini for Sale, while they Inst.
800-bu. bin, $25; 1000-bu, bin, (30.
Tum-A-Lum Lumber Co., Heppner,
LOST At feed yard, Heppner, July
21, four halters. Finder leave at this
With Leader of the Party
Gone, Many Senators
List of Possibilities Contain Name
of Many Who Have Aspired
to Place Before.
Written Specially for The Gasette-Timas
By ROBERT FULLER
Washington, Aug. 14. With the
next national convention less than a
year off one of the big problems con
fronting the Republican party in se
lecting a Presidential candidate is de
termining the type of man to be nom
inated. With the internal struggle now evi
dent, each of the- various divergent
groups Progressives , Conservatives
Old Guard, Radicals and other ele
ments are anxious to influence the
selection of a candidate for President
and the determination of the platform
of principles and policies.
The majority of leaders felt confi
dent that President Harding would
be nominated at the 1924 Republican
As President he held in check many
of these divergent elements of the
party and influenced the progressives
and conservatives alike to such an
extent that they stayed in line on ma
jor matters of party policy.
Now that this actual and titular
leader is gone, a political turmoil of
almost unprecedented proportions has
been precipitated in the Republican
Almost over night the 1924 nomin
ation situation changed from that of
a placid affair as planned to nominate
Mr. Harding, to a wide open free-for-all
with no less than a dozen ambi
tious candidates in the field. A battle
in which every element of the party
will take part. That the next con
vention wilt be a hotly contested one
is the opinion on every side among
Coolidge's New Prestige.
Heading the "sure to run" candi
dates is President Coolidge, who's
new prestige disconcerts trfe plans of
many Republican chiefs. They had
never considered the possibility of
the laconic and reserved Vice-President
running for the party nimlna
tion. Now Mr. Coolidge is in a posi
tion to wield great influence in party
However, during the year and a half
President Coolidge has to serve he
will become the arbiter of his own
fate. He has Inherited the Harding
administration, has pledged himself
to carry out its policies, and there
are many progressives who sympa
thize with his difficulties, especially
the more conservative in the group.
These would like to see his adminis
tration a success.
Favor Progressive Candidate.
While it is early to forecast, how
ever, considerable portion of the par
ty s leading men seem to favor giv
ing the honor to some prominent Re
publican who appears to be reason
ably progressive but not radical.
Others think if that Coolidge is
turned down the party organization
may turn to Hughes or Hoover.
Secretary of State Hughes in the
cabinet, was defeated by the history-
making hairbreadth margin in 1916.
Hoover has been a loyal supporter
of late President Harding and has
made the Department of Commerce a
It is regarded as certain that Sen
ator Hiram Johnson, former running
mate for Theodore Roosevelt on the
Progressive ticket, will become an
Johnson was blocked at Chicago
three years ago In the famous three
way deadlock between his forces,
those of Governor Frank O. Lowden
and General Leonard Wood. Of these
three Johnson is regarded as a "sure"
candidate and the former Illinois gov
ernor a potential one.
It is probable that Senator La Fol
lette of Wisconsin, will enter the ring
with the radical forces concentrating
Shaw Compromise Possibility.
Among the farmers and publshers,
many leaders see in Dr. Albert Shaw,
noted editor and publisher of "Re
view of Reviews," and successful
"dirt" farmer, a strong possible con
vention compromise nominee for
National political leaders at this
time are casting covetous eyes on
Pennsylvania's 76 votes for the next
convention ana are wonaering wnere
they will go. It is recalled that this
vote carried Harding over the line in
Chicago in 1920.
Governor Plnchot of Pennsylvania
is well known and is rated a Pro
gressive. This is regarded as a good
appeal to the Westerners, yet not of
variety which would alienate the
Plenty of Favorite Sons,
A number of Republicans are ex
pected to be brought forward as fa
vorite sons. The Senate is full of
potential candidates Senator James
E. Watson of Indiana, Senator Borah
of Idaho, Senator Wadsworth of New
York, and Senator Pepper of Pennsyl
vania. There seems to be no limit to
senatorial ambitions in this 1024 Re
publican nomination wrangle.
A. H. Lea, mannger of tho Oregon
Cooperative Grain Growers, has been
spending the week In Morrow county
on a visit of consultation with the
members of the association. Ques
tions connected with the Inst pool
and the handling of this year's pool
are being discussed, and Mr, Lea has
also been presenting the proposed
plan to secure two-thirds of the wheat
of tho country under contract.
Mrs. Ellon Ruaolck and son Reld
departed on Tuosday, going to Port
land. From there they expect to make
a trip to Crater Lnke and other points
of interest In Southern Oregon, be
ing absent from home some two
weeks or more.
IJ ' '.
S8fefV IMtfHT TO THE FINISH- IZM)
Plant Less Wheat,
Is Farmers' Slogan
Reduction of 7,177,000 Acres In Area
to Be Sown This Comlnr
Fall Now Forecast.
Washington. D. C The department
of agriculture announced Wednesday
that cavass on August 1 of 26,000
farms showed a reduction of 16.5 per
cent, or 7,177,000 acres, in the acre
age farmers intend to sow to winter
wheat this fall compared with the
area sown last year. The crop re
porting board explained that the re
port was not a forecast but simply
a statement based on the expressed
intentions of many thousands of far
mers on August 1. Their intentions
it was added, were subject to change.
A reduction of 16.6 per cent would
mean that about 39,200,000 acres
would be sown to winter wheat this
fall, a 16.2 per cent larger acreage
than the average of the five pre-war
years, 1909-1913. If the average an
nual abandonment of winter wheat
acreage, which for the last 10 years
has been 9.8 per cent, occurs the
coming winter, about 35,360,000 acres
would be harvested next summer.
Last year the abandonment was 14.3
per cent, or 6,629,000 acres.
Possible production on the basis of
the indicated acreage was not calcu
lated. This year's crop gave an aver
age yield of 14.3 bushels an acre, last
year's 13.9 bushels and the five-year
(1917-1921) average was 14.9 bushels.
The canvass shows Missouri and Ne
braska farmers making the largest
cuts in acreage, both states reporting
an intention to plant 25 per cent less
than last year's sowing. Oklahoma,
on the basis of the canvass, intends
to plant 22 per cent less, Kansas and
Illinois 20 per cent less, Texas, 18 per
cent less, Indiana 17 per cent less,
Colorado 10 per cent less and Ohio
and Michigan 4 per cent less, and
Washington 6 per cent more.
The government's first report on the
actual sowing of winter wheat will be.
issued early in December.
Ilermiston Man Leaves
Hermiston, Or., Aug. 14. Conjec
ture was rife here today as to the
whereabouts of George Elliott, about
40 years old, who disappeared last
night after leaving a note addressed
to his wife to the effect that he was
"headed for the river."
He was the proprietor of a vulcan
izing and service shop, and after clos
ing his place of business, he was last
seen at the Hitt store. No one can
recall having seen him after he left
the store comparatively early in the
Whether he intended to commit sui
cide. or whether he met with foul
play are questions that have not yet
been solved. So far as can be deter
mined, the day's cash receipts were
left intact, and it is thought that he
had very little cash with him. Friends
are unable to hnd any possible mo
tive for suicide. He was not finan
cially involved, it is SBid, and so far
as is known, he had no worries that
would lead him to kill himself. A
search for him is being made. He
came here from Baker about six years
IS SHIPPING FINE PEACHES.
This paper wishes to express to A.
E. Anderson of The Dalles, our thanks
for a box of beautiful early Crawford
peaches, received through the mail
this morning. Mr. Anderson is now
picking and packing his peach crop.
and will be able to supply his friends
at Heppner with all the delicious fruit
they may need for canning purposes
We wish to state, that if all or any
portion of his crop of early Craw-
fords is up to the standard of the
box of seventy that he mailed us, our
friends will make no mistake In or
dering their peaches from him. Mr.
Anderson, however, needs no Introduc
tion to the people of Morrow county
as his fruit has been handled on the
market here for several years past
and they know that it is good,
GET LICENSE TO WED.
A license to wed was issued by
Clerk Anderson on Tuesdny to Mr,
Ralph Aubrey, a truck driver of Hepp
ner and Miss Leona B. Baird of Hard
97 BODIES TAKEN
FROM COAL HE
One Man Missing in Kent
AID FOR BEREAVED
Company Officials Are to Help Widows
, and Orphans Left by Those
Lost in Disaster.
Kemmerer, Wyo., Aug. 15. Kem-
merer tonight was in mourning for
the miners 97 of them who are
known to have lost their lives in the
explosion at Kemmer Coal company
mine, No. 1, at frontier, near nere,
Throughout tne day ana lonignv
hundreds of relatives and friends
thronged to the Oddfellows' hall,
which has been turned into a tempo
rary moreue and to an undertaking
establishment, where about half of
the bodies were taken.
Tonight, however, there were few
at the portal of the mine, where last
night thousands crowded for news of
relatives and friends trapped while
working in the bowels of the earth.
The latest official report ol tne coal
company was that 97 miners are dead;
one is missing and 87 nave Been res
cued alive and unhurt.
Cause Is Undetermined.
What caused the explosion in the
ine has not been determined, but of
ficials of the company announced that
the company pumps for water and air
were not damaged and the worn win
be started as soon as possible. The
mine in which the disaster occurred
s considered one of the deepest in
this part of the country if not in the
entire United States. The main shaft
goes down at an angle of 16 degrees
to a depth of about 6000 feet and it
was on the lower levels, or about one
mile underground, that most of the
bodies were found.
Search for the body of the one miss
ing miner will be continued with all
possible speed by picked crews ol
Shortly after dark last night the
task of removing the first Bodies Irom
the mine began. They were taken to
the surface in trip cars and then put
upon motor trucks for transit to the
two morgues at Kemmerer. The last
body of the 87 recovered late last
night was identified shortly after A.
M., and immediately upon arrival in
Kemmerer today they were prepared
Identification Is Easy.
The bodies of the dead miners have
all been marked, arranged in rows and
covered with burial shrouds to which
are attached identification cards.
Several of the bodies are somewhat
burnd, but none beyond the point
where identification was a compara
tively easy matter.
Throughout today the little settle
ent of Frontier, at which the mine is
located, had a pitiful spectacle. Wid
ows and children of the dead men
congregated to discuss their misfor
tune and shed tears for the departed
ones. There was hardly a home in
either Frontier or Kemmerer that was
not in some way affected.
Pathetic instances were numerous
at the morgues.
Henry Niska, a youth in his early
twenties, one of those who escaped
alive, had gone to work in the mine
only in the morning of the tragedy.
He and several companions were res
cued from one of the lower levels
nearly eight hours after the explosion
Work Just Begun.
"We were just stnrting to dig coal
when we heard a shot and immediate
ly afterward there was a deafening
rush of air," Niska said in relating
his experience to an Associated Press
representative, while seated at the
dinner table at one of the mine board
"Realizing that we were in danger,'
he continued, "my companions and
myself immediately searched for wa
ter and wetting pieces of canvas we
held these to our noses and mouths.
Wo kept up this process for several
hours before the air finally cleared,
But we did not dure move until the
Young Man Receives
Badly Fractured Leg
While Hauling Hay at Parkers Mill,
Team Runs Away and Harry
Green Has Hip Crushed.
While engaged in hauling hay for
Tyle & Grimes at Parkers Mill on
last Wednesday, Harry Green was
thrown from the load when the team
became frightened and received a
crushed and broken leg at the hip.
He was thrown with sufficient force
that the leg was dislocated at the hip
joint and the bone broken and split.
The young man was immediately
rushed to Heppner for medical atten
tion, and Dr. McMurdo finding the
break to be very serious, took Mr.
Green on to Portland on Thursday
and he is now at the Emanuel hospi
tal in that city. The doctors there,
upon making examination, found that
an operation would be necessary in
order to properly set the bones, and
this could not be performed for at
least ten days following the accident.
They anticipate no serious trouble,
however, and in due time the young
man should be fully restored.
LOCAL HNS ITEMS
Messrs. Basil Russell and L. D.
Thorpe of Walla Walla were here
over Sunday with their airplane, and
did quite a business all that day, car
rying passengers in ten-minute rides
through the air over the city. Their
charge for this service was $5, just
50 of what has been charged here
tofore. They left for other points
Monday, but state that they expect
to be here again during the Rodeo
season and put on some exhibition
Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Ayers. Mrs. An
na Spencer and Mr. and Mrs. Percy
Hughes drove over to Walla Walla on
Saturday, spending a day or so in
the city. They were accompanied
home by Mrs. Ella Vale, who contem
plates locating at Heppner for the
winter, making her home with Mrs.
Spencer. Mrs. Vale is an experienced
music teacher and will organize a
class here for instruction in piano.
Walter Luckman, Butter creek !
ranchman, was in town over last
night. He has finished with his sec
ond crop of alfalfa, putting up a nice
lot of good hay. The range condi
tions have been good, but at the pres
ent time much of this is being con
sumed by grasshoppers and Mr. Luck
man is hoping that the pests will take
a notion to migrate before they have
eaten the hills clean.
Miss Louise Notson, of Sioux City,
Iowa, a niece of S. K. Notson of this
city, stopped over at Heppner on Mon
day to see the folks here. She was
returning from a trip to Alaska and
had time to stop here one day only,
because of the limitations of her
transportation. Miss Notson is a
teacher in the high school at Oska
R. W. Fletcher and family were in
Heppner on Saturday, and Saturday
evening furnished music for a dance
at the Fair pavilion. Mr. Fletcher
and his family are touring the state
and appearing at different points in
vaudeville entertainments. They left
here Sunday for Portland, where Mr.
Fletcher will join the Dokkie hand
for the week's festivities. Their
home is at Pendleton.
COPPKR CARBONATE Farmers
are requested to leave orders for cop
per carbonate as soon as possible.
PEOPLES HARDWARE CO.
rescue workers arrived.'
The story told by Niska is tynieal
of many other miners rescued. There
are tales of some of the entombed
men being overcome in a mad frenzy
to reach the surface and of still oth
ers who died trying to reach other
levels upon which they had relatives
Aid Offered Bereaved.
P. J. Quealy, head of the Kemmerer
Coal company, stated today that the
widows and orphans of the dead min
ers would not suffer. He said the
company will see that they are prop
erly provided for and would need no
Up to lnte tonight nothing definite
had been decided regarding funeral
arrangements. In some quaretrs the
possibility of a large funeral for all
of the victims was discussed, but no
decision had been made.
Business House of Heppner Close on
Last Friday Afternoon and Com
munity Attends at Church.
Services In memory of the late de
parted President, Warren G. Hard
ing, were conducted by Rev. W. O.
Livingstone at the Christian church
at 2:30 Friday afternoon. The busi
ness houses of the city were closed
from 12 to 6 p. m., and the citizens of
the community turned out to listen to
the simple but impressive services.
Favorite hymns of the last r resi
dent were sung by a choir, and the
fnvocatofn and scripture reading was
by Rev. 3. E. Youel, of Dallas, Oregon.
Mr. Livingstone did not enter into
any extensive eulogy of the President,
prefering to touch only on some of
the outstanding characteristics so
plainly manifest In the strong Chris
tian man and statesman. Speaking of
the beautiful home life of Mr. Hard
ing, the speaker brought out the
point that if the emulation of the
love and devotion that always seemed
to exist between Mr. and Mrs. Hard
ing was more general, the divorce
question would be largely solved in
this country. The president was not
a great genious in any particular line,
neither was he a brilliant man, yet in
his quiet, unassuming way he was
able to accomplish much. If: calls
to mind the fact, when our president
Is cut off in the midst of duty, that
he has a stupendous burden to carry.
In all this he was kindly and patient,
and it can be said of him that he was
honest and sincere and left no ene
mies. He was a man of fine Chris
tian character, a member of the Bap
tist church, and leaves behind a heri
tage that is imperishable. j
The services were Bhort, but im- I
pressive and the church was properly
decorated for the occasion.
The late president, who was a news
paper man and printer for the great
er portion of his life, early drafted a
code of rules or newspaper creed
which shows the character of the pub
lisher and editor, and is good enough
to be generally adopted by the news
paper profession, and we give it here,
as it seems to be the creed that gov
erned his life:
Remember there are two sides to
every question. Get them both.
Be truthful. Get the facts.
Mistakes are inevitable, but strive
for accuracy. I would rather have
one story exactly right than a hun
dred half wrong.
Be decent, be fair, be generous.
Boost, don't knock.
There's good in everybody. Bring
out the good and never needlessly
hurt the feelings of anybody.
In reporting a political gathering,
give the facts. Tell the story as it is,
not as you would like to have it. Treat
all parties alike. If there is any pol
itics to be played, we will play it in j
our editorial columns.
Treat all religious matters rever
ently. If it can possibly be avoided, never
bring ignominy to an innocent man,
woman or child in telling of the mis
deeds or misfortunes of a relative.
Don't wait to be asked, but do it
without the asking, and above ail be
clean and never let a dirty word or
suggestive story get into type.
1 want this paper so conducted that
it can go into any home without des
troying the innocence of any child.
Economics Versus Politics
Or, Farmer Versus Labor
Back in Mennesota a so-called Farmer-Labor
party has triumphed at the
polls, A "dirt" farmer has been elect
ed to the senate, supposedly by the
farm and labor vote, and thereby an
other blow has been struck in the
great cause of emancipating agricul
For those who believe that the far
mer and laborer have much in com
mon, the following facts are offered:
63 H dozen, or 762 eggs, pay a plas
terer for one day's work of eight
17H bushels of corn, or a year's.
receipts from half an acre, pay a exportable surplus with other export
bricklayer for a day. ing countries and sell same on the
23 chickens, weighing three pounds
each, pay a painter in New lork.
42 pounds of butter, or the output
from 14 cows, fed and milked 24!
hours, pay a plumber $14 per day, !
175 pounds of hog, eight months'
feeding and care, pay a carpenter.
In the light of these figures, which
are facts, how is it possible that the
farmer can hold a sympathetic feel
ing toward the labor unions? Why,
in any case, should the farmer look
to politics for the solution of his
No. The agricultural problem is
not a problem of politics but of econ
omics. The United States govern
ment is the strongest on earth, but
no fiat of government will change the
immutable law of supply and demand.
Neither tariffs nor government sub
sidy can create a greater market for
The farmers' problem is marketing
alone. When this is universally rec
ognized, and farmers cooperate along
the lines of more orderly marketing
rather than politics, a new day wilt
dawn for agriculture. Oregon Jour
nal of Commerce.
TO PORTLAND TO SEE DOCTOR.
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Moore are in
Portland, having motored to the city
during the week. Mr. Moore has been
in poor health for many months pa-t,
and is in the city for the purpose of
undergoing medical examination to
ascertain if possible just what his
trouble is. On the way to the city
Mr. Moore became quite ill, but word
received from there yesterday states
that he is now better.
BRINGS LOAD IRRIGON MELONS.
Clove Adkins, who Is now one of
the farmers on the Irrigon project,
brought over a truck load of water
melons from that section on Tuesday.
The melons were soon disposed of to
Heppner merchants. Mr. Adkins has
a small place on the rond just as you
cross the Umatilla county line into
Morrow county. The melons he de
livered at Heppner were principally
raised on the Vernon Jones tract and
are of fine quality. The Irrigon melon
crop is a good one this season.
National Wheat Pool With
Price Set by Produc
63 PER CENT NEEDED
Plan Suggested by Washington Grow
ers Held Only Solution for
WALLA WALLA BULLETIN.
The "Washington Farmer of Port
land, Or., is responsible for the state
ment that out of the state of Wash
ington comes a new or rather amend
ed plan that will be followed by co
operative wheat marketing associa
tions in the future. The statement
ays that the idea was advocated by
W. F. McCauley, of Columbia county
and W. S. Guntle of Waitsburg. The
plan was born of their experience as
directors of the Washington Wheat
Growers Association when they be
came convinced that a sign-up suffi
cient to control production was neces
sary. This would empower the grow
ers with sufficient strength to estab
lish a set price by a committee made
up of the directors of the several
states, making it possible to maintain
it, with the only chance for complete
success. Sixty-five percent of the pro
duction is required covering1 all the
principal wheat states.
The plan and draft of contract wa3
presented to the Washington Wheat
Growers' association directors and
unanimously adopted. Later the plan
was extensively circulated through
the southern and central western
states and what comprises the 12
principal wheat growing states con
trolled by the American Wheat Grow
ers' association in charge of George
C. Jewett, manager and W. H. Brown
president, was readily approved, and
these gentlemen are now changing
the contract in order to meet the na
tional requirements which will ren
der it uniform in all states. It is ex
pected to be ready for signatures in
a few days.
It seems probable that growers will
resort to mass action by completing
the pool and thereby set their own
price on home consumption portion as
per contract, covering the 1923 corp.
This clause in the contract reads as
follows: "It is expressly agreed by
and between ail subscribers and the
Association that no portion of domes
tic supply or contract wheat shall
knowingly be sold for feed or export
until all domestic needs are fully sup
plied any year. It is hereby mutual
ly agreed and collectively agreed by
and between all subscribers that a
price fixing board composed of the
directors of all the several zones shall
hereby be established. And it shall
be the duty of said directors to meet
on the third Monday in May each year
as a price fixing committee, and there
after whenever advisable to consider
market conditions and selling to con
form, as nearly as may be to the cost
of farm operation, including interest
on fair valuation of land and equip
ment to handle same, and all other
supplies used in the operation of a
wheat farm, together with a reason
able and fair profit, and an allowance
sufficient as payment to labor to at
tract competent labor towards the
"Should general price levels on
market conditions change at any time
so as to make it apparent that the
association set price and prices is or
are unfair, either to the growers or
to the general public or the United
States, it shall be the duty of said
committee not to speculate in wheat,
but to consider markets, trade condi
tions and raise or lower fixed prices
so as to be fair to all concerned and
such prices shall not be fixed with in
tent to restrain, monopolize or con
trol trade or prices, but to secure a
fair profit and with reference to fair.
free open markets.
The plan provides for pooling our
world markets collectively.
Thumb Nipped Off By
Gears of Auto Engine
Chuck Bell, who is boss mechanic
at the Latourell Auto Co. garage in
this city, is minus the most of his
thumb on the left hand, the result of
getting that member in the gears of
a timer on an automobile engine
while the same were in motion. The
job was done so quick'y and neatly
that Mr. Belt did not realize just
what had happened, and the member
was severed just between the nrat
and second joints. The accident hap
pened late on Thursday evening last,
while Chuck was busy doing some
wurk on the machine.
Tickets Only $1.00