Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1912-1925 | View Entire Issue (May 31, 1923)
THE GAZETTE-TIMES, HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, MAY 31, 1923.
Shall We Limit Wheat
out ns Fmm
WMnr- rA r-e-r Ymvr Uivt
tTvirT in wtifrt rrorturttf-Ti. Teir
rmm r.inr td "sr r1 of
U ft i no tn tbMl wm cirrmtlfftllj
Wur tahed to hrM brewing thr
to r,y cither crp.
Tr futur rf trie wofd' wbat
msikt, lfcrrfrr. i of urrprr im
ptir'nT.c to If. frrr pr of tht Pacific
Northwnt not cn'y tn the fhrn r
-ho nf trowirp h.-at, but to thf
tovni nd eitiii of tHi rion. T
Furpoc cf tl'ifi artirV if to take h
purvey of worM cotditicr of
production nd to proort tb judp
netit of authorities ho seem to
bt quliffd to forecast tht future.
John R. Miter.;!, mfir.bor ef tre
federal ffwrv board from Minnesota.
h returned to Waahir.pton, D. C.
from a nix week tour of the fa run re :
district of the northwrtt. It is hi
conviction that the financial ps'vaticn
for the wheat farmer lif in the re- !
durtion cf wheat production to the
point where the Vnited Sute will
hocorre an importer of whe&t rather
than an exporter.
Wr. Mitchell believes that the Amer
ican wheat prow-en can not profitably
raise wheat for export in competition
with the wheat farmer in Canada,
the Arpentine, Australia and India,
where cheaper lands, labor and Mvirp
condition!" enable them to undersell
the American producer in the Liver
Export Now Rules Price.
He fipurea that it costs H.S5 a
bushel to raise wheat in the United
States and that about 800.000.000
bupheli are produced, while domestic
consumption is something more than
600.000.00 bushels annually. This
overproduction of export wheat, he
hoids, keeps down the price to the
farmer and is affecting the disorder
of rural conditions,
Mr. Mitchell be.ieves that if pro
duction of wheat could be cut to a
little less than 6K),0O0.000 bushels
annually consumption wouid exceed
the output and the law of supply
and demand would provide the Decen
nary marpin of profit to the farmer.
But he also beiieves that the farmers
must work out their own financial
salvation. "The talk about govern
ment price fixing for wheat," he said.
or any other agricultural commodity,
is, in my opinion, a waste of time. It
is impracticable of operation, un
sound in principle, and any attempt
to bring about such legislative action
would be a dismal failure. The farm
ers must approach their problem as
a business problem and solve it along
business lines; must organize to gain
all the advantages that lie in coop
erative associations; but, above all.
must seek to plan their production
with relation to the demand."
The Foreign Demand.
Let us now turn U the outstanding
conclusions of a committee of econ
amits and statisticians appointed by
!seerMry of Agriculture Wallac to
! cr.!iiri r the acncu:tural outlook.
Tr.ii cn n t!ee r.as 'ut brought in
a report forecasting that the Ameri
can farmers may evpixt a les favor-
b fore-urn demand for their p
needs of horn consumption the price
of wheat in the United States could
b stabilited at about $1 a bushel.
He thinks that it will be difficult to
bring about this reduction of wheat
''eduction, but declares that it cai
urt in ly23 than they hai ir. lt2?. be worked out, with the aid of CO-
Yet te output of farm products, th.
committee sy, will be greater th-.n
uti-t year. Against that unfavorable!
aspect, it say., the home demand, de- .
peruier.'.. upon present prosperous con- !
dnions in business, will be more ac- j
tive than tas-t fall.
As to wheat, the committee says in
it report to Secretary Wa.iace:
'The American exports of wheat
durirp the last two years were un
usually large owing to the low ex
ports from eastern Europe and con
tinued low production in some coun
tries in Europe. Thee exporta should
not be taken as normal, nor be ex
pected to continue permanently. The
European countries are making ef
forts to put their grain production
on a prewar basis and as they be
come able to accomplish this it is to
be expected that our exports will de
cline and that our production should
be readjusted to meet these changing
Since the foregoing report was
made the United States department
of agriculture has advices from the
International Institute of Agricul
ture at Rome reporting generally good
crop conditions in Europe.
Authorities also note a tendency
toward decreased consumption of
wheat in the United States. Secre
tary Hoover's department of com
merce reports that the output of
wheat flour, representing 74 per cent
of the total value of all products
manufactured by the milling indus
try in 1921, decreased 16 per cent in
quantity between 1919 and 1921.
For the seven-year period, 1914 to
1921. the quantity of wheat flour de
creased 5 per cent. We must remem
ber that in all that period there was a
steadv increase of population, am
ounting approximately to 10,000.000 in
the seven-year period from 1914 to
1921, the period when the quantity
of wheat flour decreased 5 per cent.
Apparently the American people
who were urged to consume less
wheat during the war are continuing
that diminished consumption and
have got into the habit of supplying
their tables with other food products.
The increased consumption of break
fast cereals accounts in part for this
apparent falling off in the eating of
wheat breads, but even when allow
ance is made for that it seems prob
able that, person for person, we are
eating less bread now than we were
before the World war.
Mr. Mitchell of the federal reserve
board, who was quoted at the begin
ning of this article, believes that if
wheat production can be cut to the
operative marketing associations and
farm organisations spreading the doc
trine of diverained farming to re
place the surplus wheat acreage with
This is a problem that may well
engage the close attention of our
wheat growers. All factors consid
ered, we can not see how our wheat
growers can reasonably hope for per
manently better prices so long as we
have a large exportable surplus and
they are put to competition with the
exportable surplus of lanada. Argen
tina, Australia and India. There is j
the further fact to be considered that 1
wheat production, which was sharply
cut down tn Russia, Germany, France !
and the Balkan countries, will in
crease from thia time forward. The
increase will be slow, but it will be !
To sura it all up, we fear that the
farmer who is staking everything
upon wheat growing is taking a dan
gerous gamble against world produc
tion and world markets.
Chickens need Meat Meal, Ground
Bone, and Charcoal. BROWN and
Come in and look
over our new location
in the Odd Fellows
Building, where you
will find one of the
best equipped dining
rooms in Eastern Ore
gon. And when you have
inspected the front,
come back and take a
look at our sanitary
You will be able to
get quick service at
our lunch counter.
ED. CHINN, Prop.
FOR SALE BY
LATOIRELL At'TO CO.
Reduced Prices on
22 to 27
crude makes a better
Zerolene oils are made from selected Western Naph
thoic Crude, which repeated tests have shown to product
an oil having greater "crawling" qualities, greater adhe
siveness, and greater stability than oils made from other
crudes. Hence the car lubricated with Zerolene will
use about 5 less gasoline because it is continuously
Moreover, Zerolene produces less carbon than any other
oils we have tested or been able to produce. Cars
lubricated with Zerolene run from 25 to 50 farther
before valve-cleaning and carbon-removing operations
Insist on Zerolene even if it does cost less.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
The Music Shop
New Shipment of Latest Sheet
Music Will he Here by Saturday.
Come in and take some new pieces home
WE CARRY ALL LATEST RECORDS
BRUNSWICK PHONOGRAPHS AND
THE MUSIC SHOP
A Real Bread Flour
This week we are offering FREE samples of
KERR'S BEST PATENT
Get a two-pound bag from
SAM HUGHES CO., THOMSON BROTHERS,
PROPHET & CO., or
BROWN & LOWRY WAREHOUSE
and be convinced of
Quality, Uniformity, Dependability
Better Than Ever Before
At the lowest price ever made, the
Ford Touring Car is even better
than before. The one-man top,
slanting windshield, improved seats
and refined chassis construction
have won instant admiration.
Already the demand for this model
exceeds our ability to meet prompt
delivery. In a few weeks we will
have to disappoint many who are
Order now to protect yourself. A
small payment down and the bal
ance in monthly installments.
Ford prices have never been so low
Ford quality has never been so high
LAT0URELL AUTO CO.
F. O. B . DETROIT W
Cash & Carry Store
100-LB. SACK OF SUGAR FOR $10.95
To everyone purchasing $10 of other groceries.
9 LBS. OF SUGAR FOR $1.00
To everyone purchasing $5.00 of other groceries
L. G. DRAKE, Prop.
. ODD FELLOWS BUILDING
DRY GOODS, LADIES' and GENTS'
FURNISHINGS, CLOTHING, SHOES
FOR THE WHOLE FAMILY
We handle the best that money can
buy, and the prices are right. Come in
and let us figure with you.
1 A. M. EDWARDS
WELL DRILLER, Box 14, Lexington, Ore.
S Up-to-date traction drilling outfit, equipped for all sizes of hole :
3 and depths. Write for contract and terms. Can furnish you ;
I rWAT.T FNP.P. SF.T.F.OIT.TNn WINDMILL
s all steel. Light Running, Simple, Strong, Durable.
Marble and Granite
Fine Monument and Cemetery Work
All parties interested in getting work in my line
should get my prices and estimates before
placing their orders
All Work Guaranteed
0NSIDER the squirrel, Ohy my son,
and be wise. For when the sun shines,
then doth he gather the fruit of the
nut trees. But when the trees cease
to bear fruit and snow covers the ground, then
doth the squirrel feast on the nuts he hath stor
ed against the cold days.
If thou would be wise and farseeing, get thy
self a Bank Book and use it frequently. Be pre
pared for the Rainy Day; for when it rains it
doth pour. But thy Bank Book will protect thee
and thou will be blest amongst men.
Farmers & Stockgrowers National Bank
I now carry a complete stock of building
material at Lexington.
FULL LINE OF ROUGH AND
Large stock of pine in the rough. M. D.
Tucker in charge.
LOCATED IN LIVERY STABLE
FRIDAY, JUNE 1
COLLEEN MOORE in
CHAS. HUTCHINSON and LUCY FOXm
"Col. Heza Liar Nature Faker"
SATURDAY, JUNE 2
CHARLIE CHAPLIN, JACKIE COOGAN
Leo Maloney in "Come and Get Me"
PRICES 30c and 50c
SUNDAY and MONDAY, JUNE 3 and 4
GLORIA SW ANSON in
"THE GREAT MOMENT"
Aesop's Fable "A Model Dairy"
Topics of the Day"
WED. and THURS., JUNE 6 and 7
HUNTING BIG GAME IN AFRICA"
Bigger Than a Circus
Look Over Next Week's List of Pictures.
You Will Want to See Them Every One.
"THE TOP OF NEW YORK"
THE CALIFORNIA JUBILEE QUARTET
RODOLII VALENTINO in
"BLOOD AND SAND"
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