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THE GAZETTE-TIMES. IIEPPNER. OREGON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 24. 1922.
BARBED FROM 0. 5.
CHIEF EWU1HS Wfflf;
Immigration Head Tells of
Dipartnunt Policy and
Rules Now In Force
PROBLEM PRESENTS i
DIFFICULT ASPECTS j
Grave Danger in Immigra
tion Unless Careful Watch
Is Kept on Gates
By W. V. IH'SBVXD. Commissioner I
General of immigration.
Editor'.- Vote: Time and again warti
ints have won civ-n this ration by ex
perts in ef'lu'!iiic and other feM to the ,
unre-trktcu in.niieraluir. to America ana
the e:is that oui arise. It has only
ben very rerent'y that the !'. became
ilrajtic. The Cot;misioi:er of Immigra
tion, W. W. Husbar.d. herewith tells us
the why of the matter ard the results
obtained and those fxpccled.
It is doubtful whether any other Am
erican problem presents so many diffi
cult and even bewildering aspects of
does the problem of immigration. Eco
nomics, politics, the public health and
other fundamental factor of our civiii
satior. enter into the question, and with
such a conglomeration of interests in
the crucible so obviously a difficult, if
not impossible task, to evolve a policy
which will be even measurably satisfac
tory to that many sided entity commonly
calied the public.
This immigration controversy began
with the first settlement in Virginia and
Massachusetts, and while there have
been periods of storm and calm during
the more than three centuries which
have intervened, nevertheless the same
controversy, involving practically the
same factors, has continued down to
the present time and there is every
promise that it will go on indefinitely.
When the second contingent of set
tlers came to the Massachusetts coast
it was said by one of their predecessors
that they were "in all appearances not
fit for an honest man's company." Only
last week at Ellis Island a thoughtful
American, looking at a typical group
of present day immigrants undergoing
inspection, said to me "Is there no pos
sible way of keeping this class of peo
ple out of the country?" It has been
the same from the beginning and prob
ably will so continue as long as Amer
ica continues to attract the people of
The Open Door.
Practically all of the Colonies enact
ed restrictive immigration laws, some
of which clearly reflect the fears and
also the intolerance of the founders,
but the new republic took an opposite
course ' and for a century following the
Revolutionary war maintained an open
door policy with respect to all classes
and conditions of mankind from every
land and clime. There was, of course,
continued and, at times, violent opposi
tion to this policy, but throughout the
century the ideal of America as a re
fuge for the world's oppressed pre
vailed, although it must be admitted
that on occasions the refuges were
treated with no little harshness.
Foreign nations banished their crim
inals to America and communities sent
us their paupers. We complained and
complained bitterly but continued to
receive them until the year 1882 when
a law was passed which denied admis
sion to idiots, insane persons, criminals
(other than political criminals) and
persons likely to become a public
charge. Having closed the door against
four classes of aliens, congress was not
reluctant to add others to the category
of those deemed to be physically, men
tally, morally or economically undesir
able until now there are some thirty
legal reasons of one sort or another
why an immigrant may not be admit
ted. The first Chinese exclusion law
was also enacted in 1882 and subse
quently there has developed a policy of
restricting, or in a large measure pro
hibiting, all Oriental immigration.
The peoples of Euorpe and Asiatic
Turkey, however, continued to enjoy
unlimited access to the open door (?)
provided they met the various tests
prescribed by law, and Europe always
furnished more than 90 per cent of our
immigrants. Following the advent of
southern and eastern Europe as the
chief source of supply, our immigra
tion grew to unprecedented propor
tions, and with this development came
a widespread and insistent demand for
restriction. Statistics showed that
about one-third of the immigrants who
come from these sources were unable
to read in any language and, according
ly, the so-called "literacy test" became
he favorite weapon of the restriction
ists. The exclusion of illiterate aliens
was agitated in and out of congress for
twer.tv-five years and three presidents,
Cleveland, Taft and Wilson, vetoed
bills which so provided, but in 1917, it
was added to the law over. President
Following the World war the demand
for further restriction became so
tense and unmistakable that the House
of Representatives responded by pass
ing a bill suspending practically all
immigration for a period of fourteen
months. Tne Senate was more conserv
ative, however, and substituted the
iJiilir.trham per centum limit plan
which finally prevailed and the so-called
"quota law" which has provoked
such widespread interest during the
past year, went into effect on May 19
1921, and recent legislation has contin
ued its operation until June 30, 1924.
Briefly stated, the Dillingham act
prvvidet that the number of aliens of
any nationality who may be admitted
to the United States in any fiscal year
shall be limited to three per centum
of the number of persons of such na
tionality who were resident in the Uni
ted States according to the cenBUS of
1910. "Nationality" is determined by
country of birth, and in effect the law
aiiDliea only to Europe, Asiatic luraey,
Persia, Asiatic Russia, Africa and Aus
To Limit Influx.
The admitted purpose of the law is
to limit immigration from southern
and eastern Europe, without interfer
ing with the normal movement from
the northern ana western ituropesn
countries, which In immigration par
lance include the British Isles, Scandi
navia. Germany, France, Netherlanda,
Belgium and Swilierland. Prior to the
war 7M.0U0 or more immigrants were
admitted from the first named sources
in a normal year, but under the Dill
; Inrham act only 1MU00 mar b admit
ted annually from such sources. On
the other hand, the normal annual im-
- f- rr. t ' e oMer sources was :
v a!--it IV. I1-'-1 prior to the war. but ;
l- p r cfr.tum '.inut law will permit
r. . to co-re. Turing the fiscal year j
o,y ar-.-ut 30AW immigrant aliens j
m -e a.iir.itted. hut ending June 30.
soulVern ar.d eastern European !
cour.tru ufi more than 95 per cent
of their allotted quota, while the older
sources nsn:ed sent us less than 10 per
cert of the number alotted to them.
of cour-e. it was inevitable that the
operation of a law which arbitrarily
heid back hundreds of thousands of in
tending immigrants should result in
hardship to many individuals, and a ee
vere strain on the machinery of the
immigration service. However, the
characteristically humane action of
Secretary of Labor Davis in temporar
ily admitting a total of 2,500 excess
quota immigrants as a measure of hu
manity: the patient and unremitting
work of our immigration officials at
ports of arrival, and the splendid co
operation of American consular officers
in Europe, made a humane and effec
tive administration of the law possible,
ar..i. while the quota law has its faults,
it is doubtful whether by any other
method the purpose of congress could
be so effectively carried out with so lit
tle hardship on the immigrants concerned.
RESULTS OF SMUT
(Continued from Page 1.)
against one-half of one per cent where
treated with Formaldehyde. The wheat
was much thicker, emerged earlier, and
pave a better yield with fewer weeds.
All thi methods of treatment gave
complete control by the Copper Carbon
ate treated wheat was earlier and much
Oregon Experiment Station it Corral Us.
There was less smut in the wheat
treated with copper carbonate and over
twice as many plants.
Six different tests were conducted with
2 per cent smut where copper carbonate
was used as against 3.3 per cent for
Whitman County, Washington.
Eleven tests were made. A careful
count at the end of the season showed
that they had 15.7 per cent smut where
formaldehyde or bluestone was used as
against 9.S per cent where copper car
bonate was used. The heavy infestation
of smut in either instance was probably
due to heavy soil infestation.
Walla Walla Connty, Washington.
Twelve careful tests were made. The
blue vitriol and formaldehyde tests gave
13.6 per cent smut on their Hybrid
wheat as against 8.8 per cent smut where
copper carbonate was used. They state
that the farmers are very enthusiastic
and over ten thousand acres had been
planned up three weeks ago to be seeded
with copper carbonate.
Douglas county, Washington, has or
dered two and a half tons of copper car
bonate for their use in fall seeding.
The county agent at Ritzvilte, Wash
ington, stated that they nearly got per
fect control in every instance. On one ,
of these farms copper carbonate gave ,
one hundred per cent control while
wheat treated with bluestone showed
7 4 per cent smut. All of the copper
carbonate treated wheat came up show
ing a perfect stand and in one instance
the wheat treated with formaldehyde
had to be reseeded.
Franklin County Washington.
The county agent of Franklin county
states that he got .5 of one per cent smut
where they used copper carbonate on
Early Baart as against 12 per cent where
it was dipped. In every case they had
from 20 to 100 per cent better stand.
The sprouting occurred about four days
in advance of the dipped seed and they
used 60 pounds where it was treated dry
as against 75 pounds where treated with
the copper carbonate and yet they had
a hundred per cent better stand.
The dry treatment grain yielded 16
bushels while the formaldehyde treated
wheat yielded 11 bushels. There was a
gain of 8000 bushels in yield on this one
SOU acre field. Note that 15 pounds less
were seeded per acre too.
We have promised a summary of these
results over the northwest to Morrow
county farmers and they are free to
diaw their own conclusions. The copper
carbonate tests have shown up much
better than anticipated.
Then are several decided advantages
in favor of the dry treatment a few of
which might be mentioned.
1. No seed is kilted in treating, there
fore 2. You not only get a better stand,
which is mighty important, but
3. You know what to depend on from
yrur seed when you plant it. With the
ft Id method it is always a question as to
what per cent has been killed or injured.
4. Dry treated seed is better when
seeding in dry ground.
6. It is easier to treat with the pow
der, a machine being made, which will
make it possible to fan and treat in one
7. Wheat can be treated ahead of time.
8. It has proven to be fairly effective
for smut control and when the wheat is
GILLIAM & BISBEE'S
NOW SHE'S DEAD AGAIN
We don't know where she's
gone to, only trust for the best.
But trusting won't do: that is
what caused her death.
Bring some money instead
of flowers to the funeral.
Gilliam & Bisbee
Legal Guarantee Givero
N nmmd Knilm do pain continue work.
Ask to see GIc-o-dU rile Treatment.
PATTERSON A ION
Main Street, :- Heppner, Oregon
Fords A Specialty
Oils and Grease
End of Willow Street, East of
has taken entire charge
of the Scrviner Black
Lame and interfering
Phone 512, Heppner
machine treated no doubt it will give
much better results.
The old methods of treatment are too
familiar to all to need any comment.
Several tarmcrs have indicated that
they wanted to treat their wheat with
the powder this fall and indications are
that the acreage so seeded will be rather
large. We would suggest that extreme
care be taken to aee that the wheat is
well treated. According to recommenda
tions from the pathology department at
Corvallis it is necessary to so treat the
wheat that it will get into the crease
and brush end of the wheat thoroughly.
This, they state, can best be accomplish
ed by the use of a machine. In order
to make the treating with the dry pow
der possible and practical the county
agent has been working on a machine
which will receive the wheat from the
fanning mill, treat and deliver into the
sacker ready for aeeding. This machine
is being tested out and when perfected
will be made locally in sufficient num
bers to accomodate those needing them
Copper carbonate will cost 32 cents
per pound ordered from Morrow County
Farm Bureau and will be delivered to
your postolhce upon receipt of your or
der accompanied by the money. It re
quires two ounces per bushel, one pound
treating eight bushels.
Mai Humphreys was in from his Eight j
Mile farm for a short time yesterday, j
He states that he does little farming
these days, owing to the existing condi
tions, but he still raises good horses and
has some very tine animals on the place
now. Mr. Humphreys is one of the pio
neer settlers of Morrow county, coming
here just fifty yeara ago this last March.
He located on his present farm in the
Eight Mile country thirty-two years ago
and has engaged in stockraising and
farming and has prospered to the point
where he is fully satisfied and is now
content to spend the remainder of his
daya here. He ia a native of the Waldo
' hills country in Marion county and his
parents were very early settlers in Or
egon. His mother but recently died at
the old farm home near Salem, being
past ninety years of age.
County Clerk Waters has been going
about with a swelled head several days
this week, the cause being a slight in
fection which now seems to be yielding
to proper treatment. The swelling caus
ed one eye to close entirely for a day
or two, and Joe presented the appear
ance of a man that had been "butting
in" where he had no business.
Leo Hill, formerly engaged in the gar
age business here, is up from Portland
for few days this week.
KIRK BUS & TRANSFER COMPANY
WM, M. KIRK, Proprietor
Prompt and efficient service at all times, both
day or night. Leave orders at Case Furniture
Co., Hotel Patrick, or Phone Main 845.
BAGGAGE : EXPRESS : FREIGHT
COUNTRY TRIPS -:- GENERAL HAULING
Diamonds -:- Watches -:- Jewelry
THE NEW JEWELRY STORE
Odd Fellows Building
DO YOU ENJOY SHELL
Served in any style to
Our Sunday dinner should
also attract you on these
warm summer days.
Bring the 'fe and have
dinner with us.
NEW PRICES ON
MASON CORDS HEAVY-DUTY OVER SIZE
SIZE . PRICE SIZE PRICE
30x3 '2 CI. $13.95 32x4'z $30.75
30x3'2s.s 15.80 33x4', 31.55
32x3 '2 19.35 34x4 ft 32.40
31x4 23.10 35x4'z 33.20
32x4 24.50 33x5 38.95
33x4 24.70 35x5 39.95
34x4 25.35 37x5 42.10
Remarkable Prices on Mason Oversize "Maxi
30x3 - - $9.25 30x3 2 - - $10.60
C. V. HOPPER TIRE SHOP
FOR REAL TIRE SERVICE .
The Deer Season
Is Now Open
WE CARRY A FULL LINE OF HIGH GRADE AMMUNITION
AND RIFLES. SEE THE DISPLAY IN OUR WINDOW.
GUS PERET, THE FAMOUS EXPERT SHOT, WILL BE HERE
THIS WILL BE A REAL TREAT FOR EVERYODY
Peoples Hardware Company
Program from August 24th to September 1 st
FRIDAY, AUGUST 25th
NORMA TALMADGE in
"THE BRANDED WOMAN"
The story of a run-away wife, and how a baby figures in the
straightening out a male of domestic entanglements. Played as
only Norma Talmailge can do it.
Also AESOP'S FABLES
SATURDAY, AUGUST 26th
The gripping story of life In an Italian colony In America, an old
world vendetta and new world romance. Also
MARY ASTOR in
"THE BEGGAR MAID"
From Sir Edward Burne-Jones' famous pintlng of Alfred Ten
nyson's poem. Art direction by Lejaren A. Miller. An artistic treat.
SUNDAY and MONDAY, AUGUST 27 and 28
A SPECIAL CAST IN WINSTON CHCKCTUIX'S
"THE INSIDE OF THE CUP"
A powerful romance of plain worth and gilded hypocricy. A
story of love that startled the churches and toppled over the gods of
"high society." A story that turns the dregs of life to the sparkling
wine of happiness. Beautiful lesson, superb entertainment.
TUESDAY & WEDNESDAY, AUG. 29 & 30
WESLEY BARRY (Freckles) in
Alao featuring Marjorle Daw, Colleen Moore, Noah Beery, Kate
Price and Barney Sherry
Six rushing reels of mystery, drama, romance, laughter and
thrills. Enacted right in the heart of Frisco's Chinatown.
Also MOVIE CHATS
THURS. & FRL, AUG. 31st & SEPT. 1st
WILLIAM S. HART in
"O'MALLEY OF THE MOUNTED"
A tale of the law of the Great Northwest and
the red-coated riders who guard its frontiers.
tm tUm 1MB ly AmHAa.Ml.AMm M IMM IssM lam iKimjUkKiMU ialsl laM.miJaus.iHI tM iMM AM
WHEAT RANCH BARGAIN
850 ACRES All Tillable, with good buildings
and all kinds of water; reservoirs; small orchard ;
fenced and cross-fenced. 320 acres in summerfal
low. 13 miles from station.
Price, if taken at once
$16.00 Per Acre
$5,000.00 down, terms to suit on balance
ROY V. WHITEIS
Real Estate and Insurance
Jor BIG TRUCKS
If you want to keep your truck
trouble-proof, feed it "Red
Crown" and nothing eae.
The quality of "Red Crown" is
always the same, whenever and
wherever you buy it. It vaporizes
rapidly and uniformly in the car
buretor. And it is consumed com
pletely in the combustion cham
bers, converting all its heat units
into power at the driving wheels.
That means a better average
mileage, and a sweeter-running
Fill at the Red Crown sign
at Service Stations, garages, and
STANDARD OIL COMPANY