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THE GAZETTE-TIMES, IIEITNER. OREGON. THURSDAY, JULY 20, 192
llil. HKTTS KR GAIFTTB, Eatablbfea
M.-Hl . IX.
THE HF.rrNER TIMES. Establulwa
Nomhn IS. i87.
Con liatfd ffcrurr 11, 1911.
place bow graceful and pleased ac- ! ducted round-up ;il furnish this. Of ;
knowledgement. 'course it will not compare with the;
What of America? I big Pendleton affair, but should be
R,-h i,v.,rv Wmo mAnv mK. ! just as good as far as it goes. We
Fuhihd nmrj Thursday momlm hj
w tr m4 8pbmt Crawfr4
nd Milrd at th rto!fi at HeppMT. Or
CVPB. mm prndlm KattM.
ADVKRTISINC RATES GIVEN ON a Pr LI-CATION
Thra Rionth. ,
Siniri. fopia. , . .
MORROW COL NTT OFFICIAL PAPER
Fame AJmtiaiiig R ivrmt 1 1
THE AMLRICAN PKSS ASSOCIATION
The rather favorable outlook for
federal aid on the Pendleton-Prine-ville
cut-olT, connecting the Hepp-tKr-Hardman
market road up with
the John Day highway near Spray,
should encourage the business men
of Heppner to press this matter more
vigorously than they have been do
ing. Last week we gave mention to
the fact that the route for this road
was gone over by a forest official
from Portland in company with G.
A. Bleakman. one of the members of
the county court. It developed from
the survey made by these men that
the route proposed for the road is
practical, and construction is compar
atively easy, and there is much room
for the hope that the goverment end
of the proposition will receive fav
What is wanted by the people of
northern Grant county, and much of
the territory tributary thereto, is a
good road out to the railroad. For
years past Heppner has enjoyed the
most of the trade from there. The
people over that way have hauled
their wool to the railroad at Heppner,
it went on the market there and was
shipped out on the branch. All these
teams coming here with the wool
returned to the interior loaded with
merchandise and supplies. It has
been a good trade and no doubt
greatly appreciated by the merchants
and business men of the city.
This year it has been different
Very little of the interior wool came
to Heppner this season; no traffic
is coming this way from Monument,
Long Creek, Fox Valley and other
points that have heretofore made
this their shipping point, but the
Condon branch has received this
business, much to our hurt. It is
needless to dwell on a situation that
is well understood by the Heppner
business men. The question is one
of good roads, and it is up to the
business men here to get a hustle on
and help put over this cut-off. The
building of this road will be the
means of restoring to Heppner the
trade that is now slipping away. We
cannot afford to crawl into our hole
and draw the hole in after us. The
business interests of this town sure
ly realize that when the trade of the
section of country mentioned is lost,
there is little left to us from the in
terior and we have circumscribed
our trade territory to the confines of
our own county borders. Why not
organize for some efficient work
bir.g. politically corrupt, lawless Am
enta. Land of liberty, land of sac
rifice, land of soldier dead, of patriot
devotion, of patriot ideals sealed on
so many heroic fields, watched over
now by the cold, inanimate monu
ments that are America's last re
The most lawless country in the
world. A country of universal cyni
cism, skepticism and inhuman ma
terialism. A country that raises a
stately memorial to Abraham Lin
coln and forgets or openly jeers at
his teaching. A country where class
hates class and class arms againt
class, shooting and lynching and
burning and dynamiting while the
law looks on and the public is so
indifferent that it even looks away.
A country that throws open its gates
to alien criminal and alien hired as
sassin, and where few Americans
are born, few vote and few lead.
Land of shotgun, dagger and
bomb America! Land of lawless
might, cruelty, injustice and ribald
laughter; of sneers at mortality,
winks at patriotism and open admir
ation at triumphant wrong.
What of America?
What of its liberty and laws, its
beliefs, faiths, sobriety and gravity
of thought and action that were the
America of old? If this republic
could not endure half slave and half
free, can it endure half law abiding
and half lawless? Is there no lead
ership left to this land, on which so
much of the last hope of humanity
is fixed, to point out the course it
is traveling and call upon it with the
voice of a Washington or a Lincoln
or a Roosevelt to stay?
What of America?
hope to be able to make some more
definite announcement in regard to
this in the near future.
Get out into the woods and hills
whenever you can, and as near to
Nature and Nature's God as possi
ble. The more vou do this, and keep
out of the cliff dwellings of big cit
ies, the better you will be and the 1
happier. Modern shams rob us of
much of our real manhood and womanhood.
What About America?
Kansas City Star.)
They have buried their dead in Ill
inois, and American civilization is
composing its face to that bland ex
pression that has come to be its main
reliance against all questioning, all
charges and all doubts.
But questioning and doubt are not
buried. They can neither be shot
to death nor assured by the smooth
countenance of society through
whose hasty make-up show the scars
and ulcers of a raging disease.
Americans must answer the ques
tion, What of America?
It is being asked today all over
this broad continent; asked by Am
ericans; asked in shame, humiliation
and fear. Their country, their dem
ocracy, their laws, institutions and
civilization are under indictment and
the indictment goes unanswered.
Only the other day we sent the
flower of our young manhood across
the seas to fight for liberty. Did
we send them to the right place?
Was our liberty secured on those
European battlefields, or is it here at
home that it faces an enemy in
Obedience to law is liberty. So
stands it written over the door of
our courthouses. Can Americans
read that solemn injunction and fail
to acknowledge to themselves that
tested by it there is no liberty in
There is no liberty where there is
no law. There is no liberty where
there is no protection for life and
property. There is no liberty where
there is no respect for human rights,
where justice cannot be invoked
both for the security of society and
mc punisnment ot its enemies.
What of America?
While that murder was being done
in Illinois, a court and jury were de
livering the judgment that no crime
was committed when the public
funds of the state were diverted
from the public treasury.
Last year in London, a city of 7,
000,000,000 people, there were nine
murders. In Chicago there were 105,
In every American city known crim
inals walk the streets unmolested. Ia
every American city crime goes un'
punished, criminals walk unscathed
from the dock and amid public
plaudits while bold era ft and Haunt
ing vice enthroned in every political
The Real Issue.
The real issue in the railroad
strike so far as it has gone and so
far as it is threatened, is not whether
the wages decreed by the Railroad
Labor Board are absolutely fair, but
whether a decision by a duly consti
tuted government tribunal shall be
observed. It is a question of law and
No one will question for a mo
ment the right of any individual
workman to quit his job at any time
for any reason, but quitting by con
certed action for the purpose of ob
structing transportation and coercing
the nation is an entirely different
thing. The United States govern
ment, which limits the charges a rail
way may impose for its service, has
also undertaken to supervise, thru
the Railroad Labor Board, the wages
the roads shall pay. This is done in
order to protect both the workers and
the public. It was an attempt to as
sure a nearer approach to justice
than has ever been attained before.
The need for this was indicated in a
letter written by Warren G. Harding
while still a member of the senate,
"If the government, representing
all the people cannot guarantee
transportation service under any and
all conditions, it fails utterly. If that
same government cannot provide
just consideration of the workmen
operating the transportation system,
it fails again. It ought and must do
It may be fairly assumed that the
present Harding policy is set forth in
that quotation. The government must
not only assure the workmen just
consideration, but, having done that,
it must guarantee transportation ser
vice under any and all conditions.
Whatever course the railway work
ers may take, it is safe to assert that
trains will be run if Mr. Harding
continues to be president. Pendle
How About It?
The railroad brotherhoods will es
tablish the Transportation National
Bank of Minneapolis in the city of
Minneapolis. It will open Septem
ber 1 with a capital of $200,000 and
will be patterned after the Big Four
brotherhood bank at Cleveland. Div
idends to stock holders are to be lim
ited to 10 per cent.
It would be interesting to know
how the brotherhood officials would
like to have their rate of return reg-
ulated by law far below 10 per cent
as are railroads and public utilities
and also how they would like to have
the wage and working conditions of
their institutions established by leg
As the leaders of the big railroad
unions are strong advocates of gov
ernment ownership and public regu
lation of the other fellow, how would
they like a dose of the same medicine
for their own financial undertakings
instead of being left free as they
now are to manage their own bank
in accordance with their own ideas
and to establish a rate of return
which they deem satisfactory instead
of having such return established by
third parties having no financial in
terest or responsibility in the bank.
Now that it is understood there
will be no county fair this fall, it is
suggested that a round-up be staged
along about the usual fair time. Last
year this feature appeared on the
program of the fair, and it proved
quite successful in fact it paid out
well and was considerable of an ad
junct in meeting the expenses inci
dent to putting on the fair and help
ed very materially in cleaning up a
financial deficit, according to the fig
ures given by Secretary Smead of
the fair board. There should be a
period of relaxation, following the
harvest season, and a properly con-
but shifting of tacs as a material
means of relievins; the tax burden
is but economic quackery. We are
not going to lower taxes by electing
a governor, no nutu-r wno or now
earnest he may be We are not go
ing to do it by adopting single tax
or by any other scheme for juggling
the load from one hand to the other.
The way to reduce taxes is to spend
less and no tax reduction campaign
will succeed which does not promote
a will to economize among all of the
2749 tax-levying bodies in this state
and among the people themselves.
For Sale Nice five-room bung-alow,
built in features, four lota, garden. Cost
J-'DCO. Will take good used car and
S3U0. Easy terms on balance, J 660. Ad
dress hot 417, Hermiston, Ore. St.
For Sale Tent, 16x24 and fly. In
quire C Darbee, O.-W. depot, Heppner.
"My outstanding conviction, after
sixteen months in the Presidency, is
that the greatest traitor to his coun
try is he who appeals to prejudice
and inflames passion when sober
judgment and honest speech are so
necessary to firmly establish tran
quility and security." President
Harding at Marion, 0., July 4th.
Candidate Pierce and Tax
The chairman did me the com
pliment of saying that if I'm elected
governor," said Candidate Pierce to
the Portland Democratic club, Sat
urday, "I will effect a reduction of
taxes. Now, 1 dont know whether
or not this is possible. You ask,
how much can the load be lighten
ed? Not very much, but it can be
prevented from going much higher,
I will see to that."
It is unfortunate that the swirl of
effort and sentiment for tax reduc
tion so often centers around the can
didacy of some person for an office
that is conspicuous in many respects
but poorly endowed with the func
tion of determining the amount of
The power of the governor of Or
egon over taxation rests almost
wholly in the veto. He can recom
mend legislation that will promote
economy but he can force an indif
ferent legislature to act on his rec
ommendations only by threats to use
the veto on other legislation, which
threats if carried out might in them
selves work an injury to the state.
As has often been pointed out,
the incidence of high taxation is due
in minor part to appropriations made
by the legislature. The tax total in
cludes levies made by counties, cit
ies, school districts, ports, road dis
tricts, and mileage taxes voted by the
The total levied for all purposes
in 191 is estimatea to nave oeen
about $41,000,000. Of this amount
less than $3,000,000 passed under
the scrutiny of the governor. Less
than $3,000,000 or about 7 per cent
was subject in any part to his veto.
The legislature can amend laws
and enact others that will promote
economy in the lesser subdivisions.
The governor cannot. He can only
urge that all it be done and sign the
bills if they are passed.
But not so accurate was Mr.
Pierce's statement that "there's only
one tax that a fellow can't pass on,
and that's an income tax." It is true
of an income tax assessed against
salaries and wages but when it is
assessed against a public utility, for
example, it must be passed on to the
consumer as a matter of law and rate
regulation. And he who invests in
houses, lands or buildings for the
purpose of deriving an income from
tenants can as readily take into ac
count in fixing rents that which he
must pay in income tax as that which
he must pay in general property tax.
Likewise the merchant is as fully
able to tack his income tax to the
price of the goods he sells as he is
to tack on his property tax.
Mr. Pierce passes lightly over ob
vious defects in the graduated in
come tax bill. They can be corrected
by the people are sacrosanct. The
enough they "can." But the ques
tion is will they be corrected? There
has been carefully nurtured in Ore
gon the theory that laws enacted
by the people are aacrosanct. The
legislature must not repeal or amend
them lest it dehle the will of the
people, and Mr. Pierce's remarks
arouse a natural curiosity as to the
particulars in which he concedes that
the income tax measure is defective.
What amendments will he recom
mend if he be elected governor? We
ask to know.
Yet the tax distress of the people
is due largely to the amount of the
tax and very little to how its assess
ment is distributed. The latter is
no doubt subject to i mprovement,
ARUV DRILL UN1NO
rain lkatkxb "w
SOLS' LEaTKXR J
IS V 0AIN LEATHER
X r BLUCHERBAL.
X. fWS. ' y PATTERN
SOLID LatherX I CN. - '
HEAVY SI MOLE
WHITE OAK SOLS
ARMY LAST AND PATTERN
MADE STRONGEST WHERE THE
WEAR IS GREATEST
A MAN'S STORE FOR MEN
David A. Wilson
Everything In Gents' Furnishings
I Central Market
FRESH AND CURED MEATS
1 Fish In Season g
1 Take home a bucket of our lard. It j
g is a Heppner product and is as g
1 good as the best. g
THE GAZETTE-TIMES, Your Home Paper. $2.00 Per Year
M A S 0 N I Elegant In Appearance
Not only lower than other standard tires, but super
ior in quality, uniformity and dependability.
Buying MASONS now is buying tires right. With
this goes a standard of service we're proud of.
30x3, $9.00 30x3, $8.00
C. V. HOPPER TIRE SHOP
WHERE YOU GET REAL TIRE SERVICE
Famous For Long Wear
Sam Hughes Company
Phone Main 962
A lighted match to the wick and your
oil cookstove is instantly ready. It con
centrates clean, steady heat directly
on the cooking utensil.
No coal or wood to lug, or ashes to
shovel out a clean, cool kitchen free
from dirt and smoke.
To obtain best results, use Pearl Oil
the clean-burriing, uniform kero
sene -scientifically refined and re
refined by a special process.
Pearl Oil is sold by dealers every
where. For your own protection order
by name Pearl Oil. '
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
J" I .Ctltjimii)
What's Your NET Income?
Better a salary of $10 a week
with $2 saved out of it than $50
with expenditures of $55.
The difference between success
and failure is just that.
It measures the contrast be
tween living on a part of the last
month's income and spending
next month's before you get it.
You can make ten thousand
resolutions to cut expenses and
save, but you won't until you get
an incentive stronger than the
things you have been frittering
money away on.
That powerful incentive is a
Get one, not next week, but
Fir National Bank