The gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1912-1925, December 29, 1921, Page PAGE THREE, Image 3

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DR. F. E. FARRIOR
DENTIST
Office upstairs over Postofflce
Heppner, Oregon
DR. R. J. VAUGHAN
DENTIST
Permanently located in the Odd
Fellows building, Rooms 4 and 6.
Heppner, Oregon
A. D. McMURDO, M. P.
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON
Office In Patterson Drug Store
Trained Nurse Assistant
Heppner, Oregon
C. C. CHICK, M. D.
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON
Trained Nurse Assistant
Office upstairs over Postofflce
Heppner, Oregon
WOODSON & SWEEK
ATTOHNEY8-AT-LAW
Office In MasonlcBulldlng
Heppner, Oregon
SAM E. VAN VACTOR
ATTOKNEY.AT.LAW
First National Bank Building
Heppner, Oregon
S. E. N0D60N
ATTOKNEY-AT-LAW
Office In Court House
Heppner, Oregon
Office Phone, Main 643
Residence Phone, Main 666
FRANCIS A. McMENAMIN
LAWYER
Roberts Building, Heppner Oro
F. H. ROBINSON
LAWYER
IONK. OREGON
ROY V. WHITEIS
Fire Insurance writer (or best 011
Line Companies.
Heppner, Oregon
E. J. STARKEY
ELECTRICIAN
House Wiring a Specialty
Heppner, Oregon
Phone 872
E. E. MILLER
"The Old-Time Auctioneer"
He Sticks and 8tays
Reasonable Rates for Sales
lone, Oregon
HEPPNER SANITARIUM
nil. J. PRRRY CON PER
Phyalclan-ln-Charge
1)11. IMRIS T. IlKHAIinS
Associate Physician
Treatment of all diseases. Isolated
wards for contagious dlaoasM.
KIRK INSURANCE
WATERS & ANDERSON
Successors to
C, C. Patterson
Heppner
Oregon
THE MOORE HOSPITAL
NOW nlKN TO TIIK I'lllMO
For SurRlcftl nnd Medical l'ationta.
fCntli-ff New lOqiilpmrnl. Lnrffe
Mmlrrn hurgvrj.
Dlt. (. rilK K, M. I.
I'll ult'lna nnil Nut-Kcon
1'hrtne Alnln &'.1'2
MATERNITY HOME
MRS. U. C. A1KKN, HKI'PNBR.
I am prepared to taks a llmltsd
number of matsrnlty cases at say
home. Petleuta privileged to ohooss
their om phyalolna.
Best of attention and care assured.
Those 80S
LEGAL NOTICES
IN THI5 CIUCU1T COURT OP THE
STATE OK OREGON FOR THE
COUNTY OP MORROW.
Christina Cook, rialntlff)
)
Charlos D. Coleman and Lo-)gUMMON9
tus Itobison, Defendants)
To Charles D. Coloman, defondant:
IN TUB NAME OF THE STATE OF
OREGON: You aro hereby summoned
and required to appear and answer the
complaint of plnintlff filed against you
in the above entitled court and cause
on or before Bix weeks from the date
of first publication of this summons,
to-wlt: On or bofore the 26th day of
January, 1922, and you are hereby noti
fied that If you fail so to appear or an
swer, for want thereof plaintiff will ap
ply to the court for the rollcf domanded
In hor complaint, vis. for judgment
anralnst you for $900.00 and Interest
thereon at the rato of ten per cent per
annum from February 20, 1919, for the
further sum of II 00.00 attorneys fee
and the costs and disbursements of this
suit; that the real property mortgaged
by you to plaintiff to secure the fore
going obllnatlon, vlr.., Southwest quar
ter of Soctlon 9, Northeast quarter of
Section 17, Northwest quarter, North
half of the Southwest quarter and West
half (,f Northwest quarter of Southeast
quarter of fic tion 16 In Township 6
South Range 25 K. W. M., be sold upon
foreclosure and the proceeds applied to
plaintiff s judgment and that you be
foreclosed of all right, title and Inter
est In or to said real property save the
statutory riKht of redemption.
This summons Is served upon you by
publication thereof In The Gaiette
Tlmes, a weekly newspaper published
at Heppner, Oregon, once a week for
Bix weeks, by order of Hon. Gilbert W.
Phelps, judge of the above entitled
Court and the date of first publication
Is December 15, 1921.
WOODSON ft SWEEK.
Attorneys for Plaintiff,
121 2-7t Heppner, Oregon.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS.
Notice is hereby given that the un
dersigned has been appointed by the
County Court of the State of Oregon
for Morrow County, administrator of
the estate of Arthur KUcup, deceased.
All persons having claims against the
said estate must present them to me,
properly verified, at the office of Wood
son & Sweek, my attorneys, at Hepp
ner, Oregon, within six months from
the date of nrst publication hereof.
Date of first publication Nov. I, 1921.
W. W. KILCUP. Administrator.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS.
Notice Is hereby given that the un
derstgned has been appointed by the
County Court of the State of Oregon
for Morrow County administrator of
the estate of Charles H. Bullls, de
ceased; and that all persons having
claims against the said estate must pre
sent the same, duly verified according
to law, to me at the office of my attor
ney, 8. E. Notson, In Heppner, Oregon,
within six months from the date of the
first robllcatlon of this notice. Date of
first publication November 17, 1921.
S. T. ROBISON, Admfnlstrator.
NOTICE OF IIOND SALE.
Sealed bids will be received until the
hour of 10 o'clock A. M. the 6th day of
January, 1922, and Immediately there
after publicly opened by the County
Court of Morrow County, Oregon, at the
office of the said Court In the County
Court House In the city of Heppner,
Oregon, for the purchase of bonds of
said County, Issued for the building of
permanent roads therein. One block of
said bonds being for' the sum of $70,
000 00. Number 231 to 290 being for the
sum of 11,000.0(1 each. Numbers 291 to
310 being for the sum of 1500.00 each.
One block of said bonds for the sum of
H0, 000. 00, same being In denominations
of 11.000.00 each. Said Bonds to bear
date November 1st, 1919, and to mature
absolutely without option of prior re
demption November 1st, 1929, said
bonds bear Interest at not to exceed 5H
per cent per annum, payable semi-annually
on May and November first, prin
cipal and Interest payable In United
mates Gold Coin at the office of the
County Treasurer of Morrow County,
Oregon, or at the Fiscal Agency of the
State of Oregon In New York City.
Said bids must be accompanied by a
certified check for t per cent of the
face value of the bonds bid for and
must be unconditional
The approving legal opinion of
Messrs. Teal, Minor & Wlnfree of Port
land. Oregon, will be furnished the
successful bidder.
The Court reserves the right to re
ject any or all bids. The asBesaed val
uation of the county Is 113,366,629.00.
(SEAL) J. A. WATERS,
l!12-t County Clerk.
WANTED a second-hand windmill
that Is In good running order. Adver
tisement. O. E. ADKINS, Heppner.
I will sell my house partly furnish
ed, or I will rent same to right party.
Phone or write Millie McRoberta Hepp
ner. tf.
Furnished housekeeping rooms for
rent. Inquire this office. Advertise
ment, tf.
PROGRESS SLOW
DURIM YEAR
Heavy Taxes, Chaotic Financial
Conditions and Minor Wars
Hamper Recovery in 1921.
HOPE GOMES NEAR ITS END
Washington Conference on Armament
Limitation the Most Important
Event What President Hard
ing's Administration and
the Congress Have
Accomplished.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
Back to Normalcy was the slognn
of 1921, not only In America but In
all the civilized nations of the world.
Hut minor wars, Internal economic dis
turbances, rliuotlc financial conditions
In Europe, widespread unemployment,
f ii mine In Russia and other lilinlrnncei
innile progress In the .right direction
rIow, excepting, perhaps, in the United
States.
When the year opened the peoples
were groaning under the bunion of
taxation anil depression resulting from
the World war. As It drew to a close
they were still groaning hut had hope
fully turned their eyes toward Wash
ington, where the representallves of
grout powers were negotiating Inter
national agreements that would elim
inate some of the causes of war, es
pecially In the Far East, and limit
Hie means of making war. In the
success of this conference nnd of oth
ers that might grow out of It lay for
the time being the hope of humanity.
Efforts to enforce the terms of the
trealy of Versailles resulted In con
flicts among some of the new nations
created by that pact, and several of
tile older nnllons were Involved In
warfare. Germany, working fast to
recover her old position In the world
of commerce, was lintnpered by the
disastrous decline In the value of the
mark, and her leaders protested con
tinually that she could not possibly
pny the war Indemnity. Peace negoti
ations between Hie Hrlllsh government
nnil Slnti Fein were brought to n suc
cessful conclusion by which the Irish
Free State was constituted.
INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
The League of Nations, though
functioning without the co-operation
of the United Stales, accomplished
much during the year, chlelly through
Its council, which met In l'arls on
1 February 21 anil Immediately referred
proposed amendments to Hie covenant
to a committee. President Wilson,
who during January had withdrawn
the American representatives from the
council of ambassadors and the repa
rations commission, on February 23
sent to the league council a strong
protest against the Inclusion of the
Island of Yap In territories subjected
to the mandate of Japan, and also
formally demanded for America a
voice In the disposal of the former
German colonies. The council In re
ply .said It w as not concerned with
the allocation of Yap to Japan and
Invited the United States to take part
In discussions concerning the Turkish
and African mandutes. A month afler
the Republican administration took
ohVe Secretary of State Hughes reit
erated Mr. Wilson's stand concerning
Yap and mandates In general, and
later France und Italy Indorsed Amer
ica's pofltion In the controversy over
the Island, though Japan formally re
fused to give up her mandate. There
after that dispute was the subject of
long drawn-out negotiations between
the United States und Japan which
led to a treaty by which the United
Stutes was assured equal rights In
Yap and other Islands mandated to
Japan.
The council of ambassadors In Janu
ary gave Germany more time, to dis
arm, appointed a commission to pass
on Austria's economic status, decided
that Latvia and F.sthonla should M
recognized as sovereign stutes, and
then fixed the German reparations at
22(1,000,000,000 gold marks, payable In
annuiil Installments, and 12 per rent
tax on exports during the period of
payment. This reparations decision
created consternation In Germany and
Berlin at once began efforts to per
suade the United States to Intervene
In her behalf. The Wilson administra
tion miide no response, hut on April
2 Secretary Hughes Informed Ger
many the United States would not
countenance her escaping full respon
sibility for the war or getting out of
paying to the limit of her ability. A
few days earlier, Berlin having failed
to make the first payments, French
troops occupied Duesseldorf, Duls
burg und Ruhrort. The British ob
jected strongly to this Independent
action and Fiance withdrew. It would
be tedious to detail the negotiations
over the reparations bill. Suffice It to
sny that Germany, with Doctor Wirth
its chancellor, was compelled to ac
cept tile figures of 1,000,000,000 gold
marks finally decided on by the su
preme council, made the payments due
during the year but, on December 14,
announced that the In major part of
the sums due In the early part of
1022 could not he raised. And since
many economists agreed that to drive
her Into absolute bankruptcy would
be disastrous to the rest of the world,
toward the close of the year there
was Increasing talk of arranging a
moratorium of two to three years for
her. France was the chief objector
to such delay, as she relied on the
monei due her from Germany, hut
she showed signs "of yielding to the
general view. Division of Upper
Sllesin between Germany and Poland
caused a lot of trouble. A plebiscite
was held there In March, but both
Ides asserted It was unfair and parly
In May the region was Invaded by
Polish Irregulars. Thinly veiled support
was given thein by the Warsaw gov
ernment and also by the French and
there succeeded a long series of lights
between them and German volunteer
forces. The entente cordlnle of the
allies was near to rupture, but In June
British troops entered the territory
und began clearing out the Poles. The
dispute was referred to the league
council which In October announced
the boundary lines. Neither Germany
nor Poland was satisfied but both ac
cepted the decision.
All through the year the Greeks
fought the Turkish nationalists In
Anatolia, with varying fortune, while
the allied powers held aloof, though
offering mediation which Greece re
fused. In November France made a
treaty with the Keniallst government
which aroused protests from Great
Britain and led to diplomatic negotia
tions. The United States formally made
pence with the central powers, the
treaty with Austria being signed Au
gust 24, that with Germany August 25,
and the pact with Hungary August 29.
In these treulies Anierlcu reserved all
that was given her by the treaty of
Versailles which the senate had re
fused to ratify.
President Harding on July 10 Is
sued Informal Invitations to Great
Britain, France, Italy and Japan to
send representatives to Washington
for a conference on limitation of
armament and Far Kost questions.
Acceptance from all was already as
sured by a process of "feeling out,"
and on August 11, the formal Invita
tions went out, China, Belgium, Hol
land and Portugal being asked to par
ticipate In discussions Involving the
Far East. The foremost statesmen of
these nine powers were named as
delegates and on November 12 the mo
mentous conference opened with Im
posing ceremony. Almost immediate
ly Secretary Hughes put forward
America's plan for reduction and
limitation of naval armament, Includ
ing a naval holiday for ten years, the
scrnpplng of all shipbuilding pro
grams, destruction of vessels to a cer
tain point and the maintenance of
the navies of America, Great Britain
and Japan on a 5-5 3 basis. The plan
was formally accepted by the delegates
of those nations on Decemlier IB, and
to the agreement were added clauses
for the preservation of the status quo
of naval bnses and fortification lu the
western Puclllc.
Of almost equal Importance was the
four-power pact accepted by the con
ference on December 13. This was
east In the form of a treuly by which
the United States, Great Britain,
France nnd Japan agreed to mnlntnln
peace In the Pacific, the Anglo-Japanese
treaty being abrogated.
China offered some very difficult
problems to the conference and all the
demands of her delegates were not
satisfied. The conferees, however, did
enter Into an agreement to remove
many of the foreign restrictions on
China nnd to respect the territorial
and administrative Integrity of tho
oriental republic and preserve the open
door for trade and Industry of nil na
tions. Direct negotiations between the
Chinese, and Jopunese jh'lejales re
sulted In Japan's agreeing to restore
Shantung province to China upon re
ceiving payment for the railway.
It was evident from the first that
the conference could not do much In
the matter of limitation of land arma
ments so lotig as the situation In cen
tral Europe remained so unsettled.
Premier Brland was present to give
voice to France's needs of protection
anil fears of aggression by Germany
und possibly by Russia. His eloquent
speech so far convinced tne corner
eno that the other powers gave as
surance that France would never be
left In the "moral Isolation" which she
feared.
President Harding has clung to his
Ides that an association of nations can
be formed which would do what the
League of Nations cannot do, and on
November 25 he put forward the sug
gestion of a continuing series of con
ferences like that in Washington,
which presumably might result In the
formation of the association. the
Idea was received with favor every
where, except that the French de
murred at the proposed Inclusion of
Germany.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS
During the first six months of the
year the guerrilla warfare between the
British forces In Ireland and the Irish
"republicans" continued . unabated,
Murders by the Sinn Felners and re
prisals by the British were of almost
dully occurrence. The Irish were espe
cially exasperated by the execution of
a number of prisoners convicted of
complicity In .the killing of soldiers.
The appointment of Lord Talbot, lead
ing British Koman Catholic, as lord
lieutenant of Ireland, failed of Its ef
feet. On May 25 the Sinn Felners
burned the Dublin custom house, and
on June 30 they re-elected Eamonn de
Valera president of the "Irish repub
lic." Meanwhile the new government of
nortltern Ireland was organized, with
Sir James Craig as premier, and on
June 22 King George went across to
open the Ulster parliament De Valera
on July 9 accepted the Invitation of
Premier Lloyd George to a conference
In London, and truce was announced.
Then began the series of negotiations
that lasted through the remainder of
the year. Offers and counter-offers
were made, and finally Britain prof
fered Ireland full status as a dominion
within the empire, to be known as the
Irish Tree State. A treaty to this
effect was ratified by the British par
liament and submitted to dull elreann.
Ulster was not consulted, but was
given the option of becoming n part
of the Irish Free state or retaining
her status. Angrily she chose the
latter.
Charles, ex-emperor of Austria-Hungary,
made two futile efforts to regain
the Hungarian throne. On March 27 he
appeared In Hungary without forces
and claimed the crown, but Regent
Horthy refused to step aside. Czecho
slovakia, Jugo-SIaitn and Rumania
mobilized to frustrate the coup and the
allied council of ambassadors warned
Hungary that the restoration of the
Hapsburg regime would not lie toler
ated. So Charles returned to his place
of refuge In Switzerland. But he was
not through, for on October 21 he and
his wife, Zita, went by airplane to
Hungary and rallied a considerable
number of supporters who proclaimed
Charles king. Again the "Utile en
tente" prepared for action, but Regent
Horthy led his army out of Budapest
and defeated the Carllsts in a real bat
tle. The former emperor and empress
were taken prisoner, ns were a number
of prominent Hungarian nobles. The
allies decreed that Charles must be
exiled, and In November he nnd Zita
were taken to Funchal, Madeira.
Russia's year was one of "fighting,
famine and efforts to resume relations
with other nations. The soviet gov
ernment held its own against repeated
revolts, which Included risings of the
worklngmen of Moscow, of peas
ants under Antnnov, and an Invasion
of the Ukraine by Petlura, which for
a time threatened to be successful.
Failure of the crops brought a terrible
famine in the Volga region. Many
thousands starved to death and even
the American relief administration,
which took charge of the situation,
could only partially check the disaster.
In seeking to break through the ring
of isolation surrounding It. the Moscow
government gradually receded from Its
communistic principles. It sought the
aid of foreign capital, and ou August
9 It abandoned slate ownership of all
but a few of the largest Industries.
Treaties were made with the Baltic
states and with Turkey, and tempt
ing offers of concessions were held
out to other nations. In a notable
pronouncement on October 21 Premier
Lenin admitted the economic defeat
of communism.
Old King Peter of Serbia died in
Belgrade on August 17, and four days
later his son Alexander was pro
claimed king of Jugo-Slavia. He was
reluctant to leave Paris, however, and
It wus not until November 6 that he
went to Belgrade and assumed his
crown. Portugal was upset by sev
eral revolutionary movements toward
the close of the year. On August 19
the ministry wus overthrown by a mili
tary coup and several cabinet mem
bers, including Premier Granjo, were
assassinated. A few days later a plot
of the royalists was uncovered, and In
November Carvalho Mesquita led a re
volt. Because of these disorders nnd
of the spread of bolshovlsm the pow
ers began consideration of a plan for
intervention. Spain had rebels, also
the tribesmen of Morocco. Against
(hem she maintained a wearying nnd
expensive warfare for months. And
while on the subject of rebellion, men
tion must be made of the revolt of
the Moplahs on the Malabar const of
India, which caused (he British gov
ernment much unnoynnce nnd not a
few lives.
There were communist outbreaks lu
Germany In March, and on August 20
Malhlas Erzherger, the Germun states
man who signed the treaty of Ver
sailles, was assassinated. Doctor Wlrlh,
who became chancellor on May 10, re
signed with his cabinet on October 22,
but was persuaded to remain In office
and form a new ministry. In Novem
ber there were riots In many German
cities due to the high prices of food.
The chauvinistic element In Japan
was active, especially after the Wash
ington conference opened, and on No-
; vi-ir.b-r 3 Premier Hara :- m ...
!""!. Vlsent Tik.'li ;,V.I W-U-1
' him. The emperor "f .1 -ipan suffered
a complete mei.tal and phy.-i.-al break-
! ilmn some time Inst year, and frown
Prince llirohitu was made n gent on
1 Noember 25. lie had lately returned
I from a tour of Europe. ;
I
DOMESTIC AFFAIRS
During the early part of the year
the country was preparing for the
change ,,f administration un March 4.
President-elect Harding resigned as
senator from Ohio on January 9, and
the next day lie asked that prepara
tions pr an elaborate Inauguration be
canceled, feeling that It would be In
consistent with the urgent need for
economy. On February 19 Mr. Har
ding announced the appointment of
Charles K. Hughes as his secretary of
state a choice that met with general
approval und on succeeding days he
completed his cabinet with these
names: Secretary of the treasury, An
drew W. Mellon ; secretary of war,
John W. Weeks; attorney general,
Harry M. Daugherty; postmaster gen
eral. Will II. Hays; secretary of the
navy, Edwin Denby; secretary of the
interior, Albert B. Fall; secretary of
agriculture, Henry C. Wallace; secre
tary of commerce, Herbert C. Hoover;
secretary of labor, James J. Davis. Mr.
Harding was Inaugurated on March 4
with simple, dignified ceremony, and
President Wilson, despite his contin
ued illness, was able to be present.
The senate. In extra session, confirmed
the cabinet and a number of other ap
pointments, and adjourned on March
15.
On the first day of the year General
Crowder was sent by President Wil
son to Cuba to see what could be done
to restore financial and economic con
ditions there, upset by the collapse of
the sugar boom. He remained on the
Island for a long time and succeeded
In Ids mission to a considerable ex
tent. On April 11 telephone communi
cation between the United States and
Cuba was opened by an exchange of
greetings between Presidents Harding
and Menocul.
The United States Supreme court
rendered several notable decisions. On
January 111 It held that Judge Landis
had no lawful right or power to pre
side over the trial of Victor Bergeraud
other Socialists. On March 28 it ruled
that profits from sale of corporate
stocks und bonds and capital assets
are taxable as Income. On April 11 It
refused to review the convictions of
Haywood und 7!) other I, W. W. mem
bers. The conviction of Senator New
berry of Michigan and others for al
leged violation of the corrupt prac
tices act was set aside on May 2, the
act being held void. On June 30 Wil
liam Howard Taft was appointed chief
justice and was sworn in on October 3.
The unemployment situation be
came so bad during the summer that
President Harding called a conference
of experts on the subject. It began Its
sessions on September 26 and. after a
long study, established a central bu
reau and started local employment
movements throughout the country.
The resulting relief was but partial,
for business itself was suffering a gen
eral depression.
One of the worst race Hots In the
history of the country broke out in
Tulsa, Okiii., on May 31. Before It
was quelled the negro quarter of the
city had been burned and 35 persons
had been killed and many wounded.
Labor troubles of long standing in
West Virginia culminated in an insur
rectionary movement by miners which
called forth a proclamation by the
President ordering them to disperse.
Federal troops were sent into the re
gion and the miners soon surrendered.
A commission, headed by Gen. Leon
ard Wood, was sent to the Philippines.
It reported In November, recommend
ing against Immediate withdrawal of
the United States from the Islands.
Meantime General Wood was offered
and accepted the post of governor gen
eral. The American Legion, in session nt
Kansas City, elected Lieut. Col. Han
ford MacNlder of Iowa its national
commander on November 1. The Le
gion had as guests Marshal Koch of
France. General Diaz of Italy, Ad
miral Heatty of England nnd other
distinguished warriors. These same
visitors and many other eminent per
sons participated, on Armistice Day,
Nov. 11, lu the ceremony of the burial
of America's unknown soldier lu the
National cemetery at Arlington.
Under the budget law which was
passed In May Gen. Charles G.
Dawes wus appointed director general
of the federal budget and he and his
aids made notable progress iu the way
of cutting down the expenses of the
government.
NATIONAL LEGISLATION
Not a great deal of legislation was
passed by the Republican congress
during the last two months of Presi
dent Wilson's administration. The
President vetoed the bill to revive the
War Finance corporation on January
2, and congress promptly repassed It.
On January 12, ?7,1UUH was appro
priated for enforcement of prohibition.
The house decided, on January 19, that
its membership should not be In
creased. Alter much debate congress
set the limit of the regular army at
175,000 men. Mr. Wilson vetoed the
measure, but it was passed over Ills
veto. On February 2(1 the President
signed the Wiuslow bill, making avail
able to the railroads JS70.tMi.tW from
the government guarantee fund.
President Harding called congress
in extru session on April 11 and nearly
all the rest of the year It was busy
with the task of redeeming the pledges
of the Republican party, with what
success must be left to individual
judgment. Among the first bills passed
were emergency tariff and Immigra
tion acts; u new army bill cutting Hie
army down to loO.tXHl; and the budget
bill. Ou April 30 the senate adopted
n resolution declaring the war with
Germany and Austria at nn end; on
June 13 Hie house adopted a resolu-
Ion of similar purport, und the meas
ure was finally passed on July 1 and
signed the next day by President
Harding. Repeated efforts to pass a
soldiers' bonus bill came to naught.
but n soldiers' relief bureau was cre
ated on August 2 and (VI. C. R. Forbes
was made its director. The house
yasseil hotha tax roylslonhill and a
t.'irif r.i'J. .-it f.e .!! r,(.( get
Itro'i!;'! to tl.c ih'ter. T-' t.tX liefi
ore was a'1, 1 Ir.'o la.v on Noom
ber 21.
Aii.iig other In p irtant measures
pas-e! were a bill to exen.pt American
eou-f'.u.e s!, iping from oa.wnent of
Panama canal tolls; a bill for govern
ment regulation of the packing Indus
try; the ? ),5"".0"O shipping hoard
deficiency bill; the billion-dollar farm
exports credit bill; and various meas
ures relating to enforcement of the
prohibition amendment. Including one
forbidding the manufacture and safe
of beer as medicine.
The extra session came to an end
on November 23, and on December 5
congress met for the regular session.
LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL
Two strong tendencies In the world
of labor marked the year In the United
States. One was toward a reduction
of wages, as a part of the "return to
normalcy," and the other was toward
the establishment nt the open shop.
Naturally both were contested by or
ganized labor, not wholly successfully.
The railway executives took the lead
In both movements, but had many fol
lowers. In January the national con
ference of slate manufacturers' asso
ciations pledged support for the open
shop movement. On the last day of
that month the railway executives
asked that the national working agree
ments be abrogated ; the railroad
brotherhoods appealed to President
Wilson to prevent wage reductions hut
he refused to Interfere. By order of
the railway labor board some of the
working agreements were terminated
on July 1 and a wage cut averaging 12
per cent was put into effect. The rail
ways later announced they would ask
further wage cuts. The membership
of the brotherhoods decided by vote
that a strike should be called on Octo
ber 30, but nine allied unions refused
-to support such a strike, and on an
nouncement by the board that It would
not consider wage cut requests until
all working rule questions had been
decided the strike order was canceled.
On Decemlier 1 the board reconstituted
the working rules so that the open
shop principle was recognized.
In the packing industry there was a
wage reduction In March and a strike
was narrowly averted. In September
the large packing plants installed the
shop representation system and in No
vember, under this plan, the employees
consented to a further reduction of 10
per cent. The meat cutters repudiated
this and called a strike on Liee. 5.
There were many minor strikes,
most of them short lived. Samuel
Gompers was re-elected president of
the American Federation of Labor
which held its convention In Denver
in June.
Great Britain's coal miners went on
strike on March 1 and for nearly four
months the notion's industries were
near collapse. The rail and transport
workers refused to go out and the
government would not yield to the
demands that the mines be national
ized, so the miners returned to work
on June 28 without having gained
much.
SPORTS
It was a great year for sports. In
all lines there was activity and pros
perity, und International contests
were numerous.
Organized baseball, which had suf
fered from the White Sox scandal,
rehabilitated Itself by the appoint
ment of Judge Landis as supreme ar
biter. The New York Giants and the
New York Yankees won the National
and American league pennants, re
spectively, and in the series for the
world championship the Giants were
victorious. The former members of
the Chicago White Sox who were ac
cused of conspiracy to "throw the 1919
world's series" were acquitted by a
Jury, though not by public opinion.
Jock Hutchinson of America won
the British open golf championship In
June. In this country the titles went
as follows: Western amateur, Charles
Evans, Jr.; national open, James M.
Barnes; western open, Walter Hagen;
national amateur, Jesse Guilford.
The feature In pugilism was the
battle for the world's heavyweight
title between Jack Dempsey and
Georges Oarpentler of France on July
2. The Frenchman was knocked out
in the fourth round. Benny Leonard
defended the lightweight title against
Richie Mitchell on January 14; Jack
Brltton, welterweight champion, de
feated Ted Lewis of England on Feb
ruary 7, and Pete Herman won the
bantamweight title from Joe Lvnch on
July 25.
Davis nnd Johnston, the American
tennis team, won the Davis cup in
New Zealand on January 1, and Til
den won the International champion
ship In Paris "on June 4, and Hie
American championship on September
19. The Americans again won the
Davis cup on September 3 by defeat
ing the Japanese team.
The University of Illinois won the
Western Conference track and field
meet and the National Collegiate
athletic meet In June. Yale defeated
Harvard In their annual boat race ou
June 24. The University of Iowa won
the Western Oonfercnct football
championship, and Harvard boat Vale
on November 19. The Fast was given
two Jolts In football, for the Univer
sity of Chicago defeated Princeton
and Centre college of Kentucky beat
Harvard.
On November 23 youns Jake Schaef
or won the world's halklhv champion
ship long hold by Willie lb.ppe.
NECROLOGY
Just the names of the well-known
mca and womcu who passed away In
1921 would fill much space. Among the
shilling marks found by Death were
these: .lau. 1, Dr. Theobald von I'.eih-inann-IIollwegg.
former German impe
rial chancellor; Jan. 3, Ferdinand
Schlesluger, Wisconsin capitalist; .Ian.
7, James G. Scripps. publisher of many
tiewspupct-s ; Jim. 13, Henry Keliihardl,
famous American art collector and
dealer; Jan. 19, Daniel I'.arto. profes
sor of agriculture in the University of
Illinois; Jan. 21, Congressman Charles
Booherof .Missouri, and Mary M. Whit
ney, famous astronomer at Va.sar; Jan.
22, "Cap" Strceter, the noted Chicago
lake front squatter; Jan. 30, John
Francis Murphy, American landscape
pa;-.-, r; .1 . t;..v. F. 11 I'm.'.' :r.t
of M
Feb. 2. far.!.!. ! F.-rr.H. --bo!:...;,
of M.ian. :il,-l I M : -. i;ov,
conj,c.r; 1VO I'r':;--,. K r- ; -' i. : ti
nihilist b-.i. i.-r. :,-,. Pr..f. i:r -. t H . n
del! of H.irvar-l : I'-b. l .a.--. i , J., .,
Huneker, tan-ir critic an-! atst-r; Feb,
22. W. F. M.i'-n.b.. former Denei
cratlc national chairman ; F h. 2-4. Dr.
F. J. V. Skiff, director of tho Field
Museum of Chicago.
March 1. Nicholas I, king of Monte
negro; March 2. C ongressamr, Champ
Clark of Missouri; March 11, S. W.
Burnham, eminent astronomer of Chi
cago; March 17, Dr. F. W. Ou!ianMn,
educator, lecturer and proa' her, of
Chicago; March 19. Bert I.c,t,.n Tay
lor of the Chicago Tribune, most fa
mous "column conductor"; March 24.
James Cardinal Gibbons, archbishop of
Baltimore; March 2-S, Mrs. George M.
Pullman, widow of the car builder,
and Charles Haddon Ch;, rubers, Aus
tralian playwright; March 29, John
Burroughs, beloved American natural
ist, April 3, Annie Louise Cnry, once
famous prima donna; April 8. Julie
Opp, actress, and B. E. Wallace, pioneer
circus man; April 9, Archbishop Walsh
of Dublin, Sydney Fisher, Canadian
statesman, and Ernesto Nathan, former
mayor of Rome; April 11, Augusta
Victoria, former empress of Germany;
April 30, John Koblnson, noted circus
owner.
May 3, Dr. W. R. Brooks, astrono
mer; May 5, J. A. Sleleher, editor Les
lie's Weekly; May 14, Alf Hyman, the
atrical manager; May 15, Former Sen
ator T. B. Catron of New Mexico; May
18, Former Secretary of the Interior
Franklin B. Lane ; May 19, Edward D.
White, chief Justice of the United
States Supreme court; May 29, Gen.
Horace Porter, war veteran and diplo
mat June 5, W. T. Crooks, noted British
labor leader; June 7, Alvln T. Hert,
Republican leader of Kentucky; June 8,
Col. F. W. Galbralth, Jr., national com
mander of the American Legion ; June
13, Gen. Jose Gomez, former president
of Cuba, and H. C. Ide, former gover
nor general of the Philippines; June
15, Judge W. A. Blount of Florida,
president of the American Bar asso
ciation; June 16, William E. Mason,
congressman-at-large from Illinois;
June 22, Dr. Morris Jastrow, authority
on Semitic literature, and Gen. C. H.
Taylor, editor of the Boston Globe;
June 28, Charles J. Bonaparte of Bal
timore; June 29, Lady Randolph
Churchill.
July 3, John F. Wallace, eminent en
gineer; July 10, Douglas Story, author
and Journalist ; July 12, Harry Hawker,
famous British aviator; July 15, Dr.
W. E. Stone, president of Purdue uni
versity; July 29, Robert E. Burke,
prominent Democrat of Chicago, and
Charles B. Cory, ornithologist ; July 81,
Edgar Saltus, author.
Aug. 2, Enrico Caruso, the famous
operatic tenor; Aug. 6, John G. Jen
kins, Wisconsin Jurist; Aug. 11, Wil
liam C. Hook, Jurist, of Kansas; Aug.
12, Alexander Block, noted Russian
poet ; Aug. 13, Samuel P. Colt, leader la
rubber Industry ; Aug. 17, King Peter of
Serbia; Aug. 19, Demetrios Rhallys,
Greek statesman; Aug. 23, Sir Sam
Hughes of Canada; Aug. 25, Peter
Cooper Hewitt, noted American Inven
tor ; Aug. 31, Field Marshal Count von
Buelow, German war leader.
Sept. 2, Austin Dobson, English
poet ; Sept 11, Former Senator George
P. Wetmore of Rhode Island ; Sept. 15,
Peer Stromme, American author and
Journalist; Sept. 21, Sir Ernest Cas
sel, British financier; Sept. 23, Eugel
bert Humperdinck, German composer.
Oct. L Former Federal Judge Peter
Grosscup of Chicago; Oct. 2, Duvld
Bisphaiu, American baritone, and Wil
liam II, former king of Wurttemberg;
Oct. 12, Philander Case Knox, senator
from Pennsylvania; Oct 18, Ludwig
former king of Bavaria ; Oct. 21,
MaJ. Gen. W. W. Wotherspoon, U. S.
A.; Oct 2s, "Bat" Masterson, writer
and former timed westerner; Oct. 20,
Henry Oyen, American novelist.
Nov. 3, Dan Hunna, capitalist and
publisher, of Cleveland, O. ; Nov. 5,
Rev. Antoinette Blaekwell, first woman
ordained as a minister in the United
States; Nov. 13, C. H. Prior of St
Paul, railway builder, and Mrs. George
J. Gould; Nov. 20, Lawrence C. Earl,
American painter; Nov. 22, Christine
Xilsson, Countess de Casa Miranda,
mice famous operatic soprano, nnd
Henry M. Hyndman. British socialist
lender; Nov. 27, Lieut. Col. C. W.
Whittlesey, hero of the "lost battal
ion;" Nov. 2S. Abdul Baha Abbas, lend
er of the Bahaists; Nov. 29, Ivan
fnryll, composer, and Lord Mount Ste
phen, creator of the Canadian Pacific
railway system.
Dec. 10, Sir Arthur Pearson, famous
blind publisher of England; Dee, 11,
the earl of Halsbury, former British
lord high chancellor; Dec. 12. H. Clay
Evans of Tennessee, former commis
sioner of pensions; Dec. 15. Congress
man J, A. Elston of California, who
committed suicide; Deo. Id, Cuinille
Saint-Saens, noted French composer.
DISASTERS
Floods, tornadoes and conflagrations
cost many lives and vast property
losses in 1921. A four-inilliou-dollar
tire destroyed the business section of
Athens. Ga on January 24. The Ar
mour grain elevator in Chicago, larg
est In the world, was wrecked by lire
and explosion on March 19, the loss
being Sil.iXXVXH). A thousand houses
in Tokyo were destroyed by tlames in
March, and in April tire in Manila
rendered lo.ittM homeless and -l.ois)
buildings wore burned in Hakodate,
Japan. The Southern states were
struck by a tornado on April 15, im)
persons being killed. On June 3 came,
the terrible floods In eastern Colorado
111 which hundreds lost their lives and
immense property damage was done.
San Antor.lo. Tex., experienced it dis
astrous llood on September 10.
The two most startling disasters
occurred abroad. Ou August 24 the
giant dirigible Zlt-2. built by the Brit
Isb for the United S'ntes, broke in
two whllp over Hull, England, on her
last trial trip. Forty six men were
killed, including 15 members of the
American crew that was t. bring the
vessel across tho ocean.
On September 21 u great ultra's
plant at tlppaii, llermiiny, ble.v up.
The town was wiped out. about l.N)
persons were killed and thousand
were Injured.
(& 1121. H' -attra Ntwii,,ior I'ahjB I