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About The gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1912-1925 | View This Issue
PUBLISHED WEEKLY AND DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF MORROW COUNTY
Volume 38, No. 3.
IIEPPNEE OREGON, THURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1921.
Subscription $2.00 Per Year
COAL IS ONLY S3.2Q
BUT S27.B5 FREIGHT
KlrrtrlHi-iitloB of ItallruaiU 111 hi-op
ra l'nnpirlnlliD I harem. Kurthrr
Anturarnt fur Urvrltipmrnt of Hydro-
Klrrtrlr I'owrr oa olnmliU Illvrr.
(I'emlletnn EuBt Ontconlan.)
lllackHinllh'ti coal used here routs
13.20 r ton at the mines In West Vir
Klnla. The price of that coal laid down
In Pendleton Is 130.85, the freluht he
ing $27.C5 ier ton In carload lots. In
other words nine tenths of the cost
of this particular coal Is duo to the
The facts Illustrate how burdensome
freight rales are and how they ham
per Industry. Kvery farmer In eastern
Orexon suffers from the high cost of
transportinK blacksmith coal because
every farmer has a certain amount of
hlacksmllhlnu work to do. Each time
the farmer pays II for hard coal 90
cents of that Bum sues to pay the
frelRht from across the continent
It will be said that the freight rate
Is too hlith, yet the railroad officials
will respond with the claim that even
under present high rates the roads ore
not making money. They make the
claim that the roads are not meeting
nperatinK expenses and at the present
time are worrying about their ability
to meet Interest payments on their
That brings up the quest'lnn as to
whether or not the railroads are being
efficiently managed. It Is a question
which permits of a variety of answers.
In many respects American railroading
is on a very efficient basis. Our rail
road officials arc high grade men who
know their business and the personnel
of the trainmen is good. No one will
deny inch facts.
Ttut there is one master blunder com
muted by the railroads nf the west.
They are operating with coal and oil
as fuel when potential hydro electric
energy sufficient to operate every west
ern road Is allowed to go unused. Wore
the Umatilla rapids on the Columbia
developed there would be power to
operate the entire o..v. n & N. system
by electricity and still leave more elec
tricity than is being used In a large
region trlhutnry to the power site.
There are figures showing that this
power can be generated at a low cost
and there are figures showing that one
electric locomotive doeB the work of
three locomotives operated by means
of coal. Officials of the Milwaukee
road. whlh Is electrified, say that ex
perience proves that electrified roads
operate better during cold and stormy
weather than during normal weather.
Klectrlcity proves most efficient under
conditions thnt make steam railroading
most difficult and expensive.
Miinagets of railroads Just now are
saying much about the necessity of re
ducing wages and they believe they are
making headway toward such an end.
Hut high wages alono are not respon
sible for high transportation costs. The
biggest need of railroading In the
northwest is a new source of power.
They should uno nature's fuel and stop
using up a product that is exhaustible
and Ihe transportation of which is In
Itself a heavy drain upon the roads.
I'eople are complaining about high
freight rates and some day they will
rebel In earnest unless relief is pro-J
vided It Is time for the "beat minds"
In railroad business to come to life on
t lie subject of railroad electrification.
If they do that It will not be long until
such streams as the Columbia, the
Snake and Deschutes are put to work
and one big Item of railroad expense
can be reduced thereby permitting of
rates that do not stifle business.
Tenehers Are Hired.
The full corps of teachers for the
Ileppner schools has not yet been se
lected, but the most of them have. All
but four of the present number of ten.
chers in- the school have consented to
remain and have signed up their con
tracts for the coming school year.
Those are Prof. Howard M. JameH, su
perintendent; John W. Heard, principal;
liemice Dnfoe, music; Rita Norrla, dom
estic science and art; Iorena Palmateer,
Kngllsh: Opal K. Clark, Mb. grade; Mrs.
E. H. Morrison, opportunity room; Mrs.
II. M. .lames, sth grade: Elizabeth lllx,
3rd grade; Kdna Turner, 1st grade;
(llndys Turner, fith grade.
Mrs. Anna Neel and son Leslie depart
ed Monday for Wenatehee, Wash.,
whore she will Join her dnughtors
Florence nnd Esther, and then go on
from there to Casper, Wyoming to
make their home in the future. Mrs.
Noel will tnko charge of the home of
Dan Halslon, who Is an extensive
ranchman of the Casper section.
5 of the Season
1 Pavilion 1
1 IONE I
H Ileppner Music f
For TruiiNimrtntlun frunl
Ileppller nee Don ('NSC.
Legion Will Hold Another
Smoker Saturday Evening
What promises to be one of the very
best smokers of the season will be
held at American Legion quarters on
Saturday evening by ileppner post.
These smokem have always been
highly entertaining and greatly appre
ciated by the Heppner people, and the
Legion boys have the promise of
good program on this occasion, which
will contain several finished matches
In wrestling and with the gloves, and
the program committee will also pre
sent other Interesting features of en
This will likely be the final smoker
of the season, and it will be the en
deavor of the LegionalreB to make It
the very best. The usual admission
fee will be charged and Legion quar
ters should be filled to overflowing.
FIHNT CHRISTIAN CIUUCH.
Sunilsy, April 24,
Sunday services at the usual hours
bible school 10 a. m. ; Communion and
preaching service following. Christian
Endeavor service at 6:15 p. m. and
preaching by the pastor at t o'clock
All members should attend as a matter
of duty; all visitors welcomed as a
matter of fraternity, all strangerB cor
dially received as a mtater of religious
obligation. Whoever you are you will
be welcome. Come.
Homer Kwlek came over from Monu
ment yesterday to get a shearing plant
which he had purchased from Ullliam
and IliBbee and which he will set up at
his father's place near Monument, pre
pared to do this season's shearing In
Miss Mary Agostl, who has been
teaching in the vicinity of Monument
for the past two years, was a guest
at the home of Mr. and Mrs Frank
Turner over last night, being on her
way to her home at Portland.
Mnp Foot Tunkn Are Dujf I p. Re
mainder of ."kelettia to be Placed on
The skeleton of a mastodon, aparent
y complete, was discovered .Sunday in
Hutcher Knife canyon, about four miles
southennt of Arlington, near Willow
- reek, by William Marshall, a sheep
herder in the employ of Nmythe Bros.
Thop rehlsluric relic wan discovered
by Marshall upon noting the point of
one of the tusks sticking up several
inches above the it and y soil in the sage
brush. Fred Uanielson, camp tender
for the Vmytho Hrus, shearing plant
and camps, brought one of the tusks to
Arlington. The tusk measured exact
ly nine feet from the base, which la 12
inches in diameter, to the tip and is a
Mr. PanieUon said that the skeleton
of the prehistoric mammal is complete,
as far as could he determined from a
preliminary excavation, and Arlingtotn
citizens are planning to have the find
xhtimed and brought to town for exhi
bition purposes. Kemmmts of prehis
toric animals have been found in this
territory before, but this la the first
time that a complete specimen has
FOREIGN TRADE EXPERT
JOINS U. OF 0. FACULTY
University of Oregon, Eugene, Apt 11
IS. Frank It. Hutter, formerly statis
tical advisor of the department of com
merce and now assistant director of ihe
national bureau of foreign and domestic
commerce, has been elected to the Uni
versity of Oregon faculty as professor
of foreign trade, In the School of Com
merce. Mr. nutter will begin his professional
work next fall. He Is a graduate of
John Hopkins University with a 'h D.
degree. For eleven years Mr. Ruttor
was connected with the department of
agriculture, whore ho studied exclus
ively foreign questions, especially su
gar, because of its Importance from a
protectionist point of view. For two
years ho was a resident in London as
special Kuropean agent of the depart
ment of agriculture, and visited the
continent, studying farming conditions
in Koumnnla nnd the Balkan states.
In 1910 Mr. Mutter was transferred
to the department of commerce as tariff
expert, in which capacity he visited the
South American countries studying tho
actual administration of tariffs. The
position of assistant chief of the bureau
of foreign nnd domestic commerce was
held Ivy Mr. Hutter for several years,
resigning to become commercial at
tache at Toklo. He has wrlten several
valuable handbooks nnd articles on
economic conditions In the Far East,
Academic work has been done by Mr.
Hutter in universities nil over the
United States. He has lectured In tho
University of Iowa, John HopklnB Uni
versity, and Georgetown University.
Mr. flutter will lecture on foreign trade
nnd on trans-Pacific trade nt tho coming
summer session of the University of
The addition of a professor of nation
nl repute Is part of tho expansion of
the school of commerce, being carried
on by Pean ltobbins. Tho foreign trade
department particularly Is being en
The Indies of tho C. L. S, club will
give a May Hay dance, Saturday eve
ning, April 31st, nt tho Hotel Patrick
TRYING TO JAP IT LOOSE
r WHA'S f T ? I Loosen y
The high school play given last Fri
day night was a big success. The young
people who took part In this play have
been hard at work for several weeks
and should be given credit for their ex
cellent presntation of "Safety First."
Synopsis of the Play.
Jack Montgomery, a young husband.
and Jerry Arnold become Involved with
the police when they attempt to keep
I.lmer Flannel, Jack's cousin from mar
rying Zuleika, a young Turkish girl.
Zuleika Is captured but Jack and Jer
ry make their get-away. Later, a de
tective, Mr. McNutt, Is sent by the po
lice to arreBt Jack and Jerry for as
saulting an officer of the law. In order
to keep his wife from finding out where
he Is going, Jack tells her that he and
Jerry have been appointed delegates
fa the Shrlners' convention to be held
in Florida. They are then taken to
Jail by McNutt to serve out their sen
tence of thirty days.
Ahou Ben Mocha, the terrible Turk,
creates much excitement In his at
tempts to find his daughter Zuleika.
Mary Ann, the Irish cook, who Is In
love with McN'utt Is much concerned
by the apparent elopement of McNutt
with the Turkish girl. Some time later.
Jack's wife, Mabel Montgomery, re
ceives a telegram from the Bhlp's cap
tain Informing her of the disappearance
of .lark Montgomery and Jerry Arnold.
When their sentence Is served out
lack and Jerry return home and are
requested to account for their return,
as they have been mourned as dead.
They tell of the "shipwreck" and how
they were "saved." Finally they are
found out, Virginia and Mabel are re
conciled to Jack and Jerry, Mary Ann
and McNutt agree, nnd Elmer Flannel
marries his Turkish girl, Zuleika.
The Lexington high school baseball
nine won a victory over the Condon
nine last Saturday In the best game of
Hill and Garrett In the box for Lex
ington held the visitors to five hits.
only two scores being run In.
Jnckson In the box for Condon pitch
ed excellent ball. The Lexington nine
had a fine trio In the field. The score
was 5 to 2 In favor of Lexington.
The next game at Lexington will be
with Tone, Friday, April 22nd.
"What Happened to Jones?'
On Friday evening, April 22, the
Ileppner high school student body will
present "What Happened to Jones," a
play by Georye Broadhurst, In the
school auditorium. Some blushing new
actors will be presented to the Hepp
ner public, as well as recogniaed stars.
Following Is the cast of characters:
Jones, who travels for a hymn book
house Austin Smith
Ehenezer Goodly, Professor of Anat
omy Phillip Mahoney
Matilda Goodly, his wife Reltha Owens
Anthony Goodly, D. D his brother
Minerva nnd Marjorln, his daughters
Ruth French, Kathleen Mahoney
Cissy, his ward Bernlce Franklin
Helnia, his Swedish servant. Ruth Tash
ltlgbee, a sanatorium Inmate
Fuller, the sanatorium superintend
ent Russcl Wright
Holder, a policeman. ...Howard McDuffee
Alvina Starlight, Mrs. Ooodly's sis
ter Agnes Boyd
Richard Hentherly, Marjorle's fiance
The play Is being coached by Miss
Chuinard. If you want a good time, go
Admission 2S and SO cents.
Elks Install New (llllcers.
On Inst Thursday evening, Heppner
Lodge No. 3SS, B. P. O. E. Installed the
following officers: Chas B. Cox, exalted
ruler; B. P. Stone, esteemed leading
knight; L. E. Mtkesell, esteemed loyal
knight; L. L. Gilliam, esteemed lectur
ing knight; Gay M. Anderson, secre
tary; Walter Moore, treasurer; Ray M.
Ovlnlt, tyler; S. W. Spencer, trustee.
C. 13. Cox was chosen as delegate to
the grand lodge which meets next sum
mer nt Los Angeles. Following the
Installation there was initiatory cer
emonies nnd a lunch of sandwiches and
Mr. nnd Mrs. W. W. Hownrd, of But
ter creek were shopping In Heppner
EXAMPLE III ECONOMY
Washington, April 18. Thrift has
perched above the White House door.
Until President and Mrs. Harding
moved Into the White House it has al
ways been the practice of the House
Apropriations Commltttee to provide
for the purchase f furniture for the
private apartments of the president and
his family. But, as an example for
Government economy, President and
Mrs. Harding have no Intention of using
a congressional appropriation for fur
nishing these apartments. Instead the
furniture will come from their own
Marlon and Washington homes.
Give the average American earner an
opportunity of furnishing a home lav
ishly with oriental rugs, mahogany fur
niture, beautiful paintings and costly
draperies, and he will take It even
though he may know that the funds,
making this purchase posaiMe and com
ing out of the public treasury, will
work a hardship upon the country's
taxpayers. It Is a difficult task to show
the average earner that in the conduct
of his own affairs and in the disburse
ment of his own earningB he should
practice thrift and economy.
Economy, like charity, should begin
at home. It is easy enough to strad
dle a neighbor's fence and talk long
and vigorously about plans and pro
grams that if followed out by the "oth
er fellow" would Improve conditions but
the real Job is for Individuals them
selves to begin a program of economy
and thrift at home.
The United States Treasury Depart
ment, In carrying on the Savings move
ment, is endeavoring to Impress upon
the mind of every American earner de
siring sound advice the advisability of
beginning a program.of thrift and econ
omy In their own personal affairs. It
urges saving and sound investment It
urges that whenever any Individual
makes an appropriation out of his own
funds, and for his own needs, he use
the Judgment of President and Mrs.
Harding when they, appreciating the
necessity for a program of economy In
putting the business of our country
back to normal, decided It unwise to
spend the funds commonly provided by
the House Appropriations Committee
for the purchase of furniture when this
furniture might be brought from their
own homes at Marlon and Washington.
That every earner may begin saving
at home, special Savings Securities have
been Issued by tho United States Treas
ury Department These securities
from the 25-cent Thrift Stamp to the
$1000 Treasury Savings Certificate are
the best in the world. Talk with your
Postmaster about them.
I, astern Star Will Entertain Grand
Ruth Chapter No. 32. O. E. S. will
meet In regular session at Masonic hall
on tomorrow, Friday evening, and on
Saturday evening will hold a special
session and reception In honor of Mrs.
Ida Umbaeh, Grand Worthy Matron of
Oregon, who Is making an official visit
of the chapter at this time. At 6:00
p. m. on Saturday evening the members
of thee hapter will gather at the hall
for dinner, following which there will
be initiation of candidates and a recep
tion to Mrs. Umbach. The members will
please take notice that the regular
meeting of the chapter will be held on
NANCY M. MACKEY-MEEK.
Nancy Marietta Mackey-Meek, who
was born April 11, 1S36. died on Sun
day, April 10, 1921, at the home of her
daughter, Mrs. E. M. Curran, In Port
land, aged 85 years. She married Ell
Meek in 1855. Ho was a nephew of
the noted pioneer, Joseph L. Meek. The
family came to Oregon from Joseph,
Mo., in I SS4, stopping at The Dalles for
a year and then settled near Condon.
Mr. Meek died In ISSfi and for years
Mrs. Meek managed the farm. Mrs.
Meek who Is the mother of Mrs. Mnttle
Serlvner of this city, , made her home
in Heppner for sometime after retiring
from the farm nt Condon, and later
went to Portlnnd to reside. She was
of Irish nnd Welsh parentage, being a
direct descendent of the royal Irish
family of Mackey. Mrs. Meek Is sur
vived by nine children, seventeen
grandchildren nnd fourteen great
grandchildren. Her funeral was held
at Condon on last Thursday.
C. H. Bartholomew, leading farmer
of the Pine City country, was a visitor
in Heppner on Saturday.
The Three Male Pratrralty ( that CHr
Will Katrrtala the Lodge ef the
oosly l Appropriate Manser.
The 102nd anniversary of Odd Fellow
ship will be fittingly commemorated by
Hardman Lodge In a celebration of the
event at that place on the 26th of this.
It Is the Intention of the lodge there
to entertain the other lodges of the
county, so we are Informed, and suita
ble preparations are now being made to
that end. So on next Tuesday the pil
grimage of Morrow county Odd Fel
lows will Bet In toward Hardman,
w here, we are sure they will find a roy
al good welcome as well as splendid
This office received a very pleasant
call last Friday morning from Mr. and
Mrs. Geo. H. Flagg, of Condon. Mr.
Flagg Is publisher of the Condon Globe
Times and Mrs. Flagg is his able as
sistant, being a printer and linotype
operator and doing much of the mech
anical work in the Globe-Times office.
Mr. Flagg came over to Heppner to
take the degrees in the Elks lodge, and
then he and Mrs. Flagg Journeyed on
over to Pendleton to spend a day be
fore going back to Condon. We are
glad to acknowledge this pleasant call
from the Condon publishers, who, by
the way are getting out a mighty fine
paper that evidently Is fully appreciat
ed by the people of the Gilliam county
capitol. Judging from the fine patron
age they receive.
The rabbit drive In Juniper canyon
last Sunday was quite largely attended,
and the destruction of the pests amoun
ted In total to about 500, from what
information we have been able to gath
er. There is an abundance of black
tails down that way but this la not
a very good time of year to corral
them. The weather having turned pret
ty warm the rabbits take to the hills
and it Is not an easy matter to get
them bunched. In colder weather they
are gathered In the big sage brush In
the canyons and then it Is not so much
trouble to get them Into the pens, where
they can be clubbed.
OKE-SID GAME IN
Heppner was again winner Saturday
when they met and defeated Boardman
high school. The game was slow and
poor ball was played. There was little
excitement aside from that caused by
two home runs by Aiken and one each
for Ferguson and Cason. Peterson
played his usual good game, and was
relieved In the seventh inning by
Young who finished good.
Heppner Hi meets Pilot Rock HI
Friday afternoon at 3:15. The stores
and business houses are requested to
close for an hour and a half and all
turn out for the game. The high school
is in the hole and needs your support.
The student body will present the
comedy "What Happened to Jones" at
the high school auditorium Friday,
April 22nd at S:00. Miss Chuinard has
been coaching the play and insures the
public that they will get all that Is
coming to them, as It Is real good. This
comedy was written by the well-known
playwright, George H. Broadhurst, and
should please you.
Hill Military Academy base ball team
of Portland is going to make a tour of
eastern Oregon in May and have asked
us to play them on the 27th and 28th.
We have decided to do this, so keep
your eyes open for further notice.
Katherine Pattison has been very ill
lately at her home but has finally got
on the road to recovery. Hurry up
Katherine, we miss you.
Holt Grimes has been ill for two or
three days. The illness Is due to the
.girls or the teachers, quotes Ole.
The annual staff have been hard at
work this week getting the cuts ready.
The annual will be out In May some
tlrfte and the department Is ready for
Our debating team Is on the last
stretch to the championship. They
are working faithfully and are hoping
Bernlce Sigsbee returned after an ab
sence of several days, due to a stiff
neck obtained while playing volley
the nrn.M. dhaiw
By Spencer Akers.
.The little town has been forsaken.
By all the girls and boys;
Along with them, of course, they've
Its highest hopes and Joys.
The country, more, they say Is ailing.
Than any little town:
Because Its younger folks are falling.
They say, to settle down.
The city with Its gay surroundings,
Has made a higher bid;
Although It seems somewhat astoun
ding, That very thing she did.
She cast her lino so nicely baited,
It seems Just over night.
Those Jolly ones for which she waited,
Have been induced to bite.
What means this rush through the na
ttoa, Along the great highway,
Of all the younger generation,
To cities bright and gay?
Some folks are madly seeking pleasure,
And cast all else aside;
Some hoping for a life of leisure,
Where kir.gs and queens abide.
The farm nnd village, what a pity,
That they must suffer pain,
Because those fellows from the city,
Refuse to stop the drain.
Methlnks I see the lane a turning,
And those who bit the hook,
This motto, they at last nre learning:
"Don't leap before you look."
Former Morrow Boy With S
Marines in Hawaiian Islands .
Alva Hoskins, who formerly resided
near Parkers Mill in this county with
his parents. Mr. and Mrs. Augustus O.
Hoskins, Is now with the U. 8. Marines
in the Hawaiian Islands, and the fol
lowing, taken from the Exeter, Calif.,
Sun, and forwarded this paper by one
of our California subscribers. Is a
brief accounto fthe present location of
the young man, which will doubtless
be of Interest to his former Monro
"A desire to see the Hawaiian Is
lands, made famous In song and story
has been realized by Alva D. Hoskins
of Exeter, who Is now stationed with
the V. S. Marines at Pearl Harbor, close
to the city of Honolulu.
"Alva, who Is the son of Augustus O.
Hoskins of Kxeter, Joined the Marines
at Fresno last August, and for a while
waa stationed at Mare Island when
he succeeded In qualifying for a marks
man. He left for Honolulu last No
"Pearl Harbor is only twenty minutes
by trolley from Honolulu, and a short
distance from the famous beach at
Waiklkl. The Marines are on guard
protecting the large naval base of the
Pacific fleet They enjoy many oppor
tunities for sight-seeing, and frequent
ly visit the more remote parts of the
island while on furlough."
Heppner Post Office Ad
vanced to Second Class
We are Informed by Postmaster
Richardson that, effective July 1st, the
Heppner postoffice will be placed In
the second class, and take Its placj
along with such offices as that of Pen
dleton, The Dalles, Bend, Baker, etc.
This is quite a distinction for a city
the size of Heppner and Is evidence of
the large amount of mail mattter that
is handled through the local office.
This promotion does not carry with It.
however, any increase directly In the
salary of the postmaster, but it does
provide for additional clerks which
will materially aid In expiditing the
work of the office and add to the facil
ities for accommodation of the patrons.
C. E. Muxgrave Dies.
Carrol Edmundson Musgrave, a resi
dent of Pendleton for the past several
years, died today at St Anthony's hos
pital, at the age of 66. His death was
due to complications following influ
enza. He Is survived by his wife, Mrs.
Sarah Musgrave; 2 step-children, Mrs.
Adolph Mayer, of Waterville, Wash.; XL
E. Bundy, of Lexington, Ore.; his moth
er, Mrs. Mary J. Musgrave, of The Dal
les; three brothers, Nathan Musgrave,
of The Dalles, John Musgrave of Walla
Walla, Henry Musgrave of Pasco and a
sister, Mrs. Melissa Branson, of Lewis
ton, Idaho. He was born in Texas near
the north fork of the Brazos river and
was the first white child born in that
vicinity. In 186S, his parents moved
to Dayton where he lived until the
early 80's when he went to Lexington
to engage in stock raising and farm
ing. He was a member of the Chris
tian church. Funeral services will be
held at the Brown chapel at 2 p. m.
tomorrow. East Oregonian.
Receives Kick by Horse.
Jack Jones, who works for D. Cox
near Lexington, was kicked by a horse
last Sunday, and was laid out for a
time. The imprint of the horse's hoof
was left over Mr. Jones' right eye. Dr.
McMurdo was called to attend him and
It took ten stitches to close up the
wound in the man's forehead. His
injuries were not very serious and Mr.
Jones is now getting along all right.
T.B.SEAL SALE RECEIVEO
Portland, Ore., April 15th Aprosim-
ately J3S.700 is the sum Oregon contri
buted for the prevention of tuberculo
sis in the state through the 1920 Christ
mas Seal Sale, which provides the sole
support for the Oregon Tuberculosis
Association. This amount is an increase
of $7000 over last year. The associa
tion's 1921 program has been broadened
to include more public health nurses.
free clinics, educational canipMRns, leg
islation, child welfare work and sur
Twelve counties now have public
health organizations and Mrs. Sadie
Orr-Dunbar, executive secretary, has
been personally directing organization
work for Marion and will go to Klam
ath and Lake counties in May for the
same purpose. Miss Fbba Djupo has
been added to the staff as demonstra
tion nurse and is now conducting a
three month's program in Douglas
ounty. The state Bureau of Nursing,
organized by the associative, was re
cently g-iven an Appropriation of 2(V
000 by the legislature and incorporated
as a department of the board of health
A total enrollment of R2.000 school
children In the Modern Health '"'rnsade
has been effected by Miss Elizabeth
Hopper, state director. All supplies are
sent free to the schools and the crusade
system of instilling health habits in
children has achieved national recog
Tuberculosis surveys and clinics
comprise a large extension of the asso
ciation's program. Surveys have been
recently completed of Clatsop and Col
umbia counties by Robert V. Oshorn
field executive and campaign directors.
A free tuberculosis clinic it Astoria,
March 1 5, attracted nearly ) people
for examination. A similar clinic will
be held at St. Helens. April 20th. Tho
association is ready to give free coop
eration to any medical organizer In the
state for clinics. A special survey of
tuberculosis conditions in Fortlanrl and
Multnomah county, the largest yet at
tempted in the west, Is being conducted
by Miss draco Holmes for the state as
sociation. The entire program Is mad
possible by the sale of Chrlstmaa seals.
ARGUED A! SALEM
Pnbltr Service (obqiImIoi la Told Com
pmuf Chance More Thaa Kaouga for
Fair He t lira oa Capital.
Salem, Ore., April 18. Rehearing of
the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph
rate case and suspension of the recent
ly increased charges pending a final
order In the controversy were sought
in a petition submitted by the city of
Portland and argued before the Oregon
public service commission here today.
Oral testimony placed before the
commission indicated that practically
every important city and town in Ore
gon had Joined with the city of Port
land in Us action for a reharing of the
case, while the Oregon State Hotel as
sociation intervened through a separ
ate petition presented by Lawrence Mc
N'ary, attorney for the organization.
Rate Sapeaatoa Questioned.
James T. Shaw, general attorney for
the telephone corporation, with head
quarters in San Francisco, whllo ad
mitting that the public service commis
sion had authority to order a rehearing
of the case, declared that It was not
within the rights of the commission to
suspend the present rates, which had
been in effect for more than 30 days.
Mr. Shaw contended that this question
had been settled in the courts and there
were numerous decisions on the sub
ject In opening the case for the petition
ers Frank Grant, city attorney of Port
land, alleged in part that the present
rates of the corporation were excessive,
service poor and inadequate, profits un
reasonable and that the rate base on
which the advanced charges were com
puted was too high. Reference also
was made by Mr. Grant to the enor
mous profits of the American Telephone
and Telegraph company, parent corpor
ation of the Pacific Telephone and Tel
egraph company. He said that any ex
tension, unless absolutely necessray,
should be delayed until conditions re
turned to normal.
Average Hiae 30 Per Ceat.
Mr. Grant said investigation had
showed that the increase In some In
stances was as much as 200 per cent,
while the average advance throughout
the state exceeded 30 per cent
Attorney McNary, in submitting the
petition of the Oregon State Hotel as
sociation, alleged that the former rates
were more than sufficient for operation,
plus a fair return on the investment;
that the service had not improved since
the new rates went Into effect and
some classifications were extortionate
in that the increases ranged from 50
to 225 per cent He said he had been
able to find one single case as the rates
affected hotels where the Increase was
as low as 30 per cent
Investigation, he said, showed that
the cost of outgoing calls from hotels
averaged IS cents each, while a hotel
operated at The Dalles had provided
revenue to the telephone corporation
aggregating J1S73.40 in one year in ad
dition to the usual overhead charges.
Shaw Explain) Rate.
Attorney Shaw denied that outgoing
calls from hotels averaged 15 cents
each, and in reply to Mr. McNary said
the proprietors of Oregon hostelrtea
had no grounds for complaint. He con
tended that the increase in hotel rates
stood out prominently in the recent or
der of the public service commission
for the reason that this was the first
advance in charges they had experienc
ed since pre-war days.
He said that despite undisputable re
cords which showed that hotel service
was the most abused of any telephone
classifications, these rates had been in
creased merely to the level of the
charges imposed upon residence sub
scribers. Kate Base Defended.
With reference to farmers' lines Mr.
Shaw said this class of service was
the most trying of any, and that in
only a few instances was the revenue
sufficient to defray the cost of service.
The relationship between the Western
Klectric company, American Telephone
and Tleeraph and the Pcific Telephone
and Telegraph company. Attorney Shaw
said, has been investigated upon many
occasions and had been approved and
commended by the courts.
Tt was Attorney Shaw's contention
that the people of Oregon were enjoy
ing a great advantage over other lo
calities in that the rate base was $U,
000.000. while the valuations tota'ed
$2.", 000.000. If the case is reopened At
torney Shaw intimated that an attempt
would be made to have these valuations
increased to $30,000,000. Any disturb
ance of the present rates. Mr. Shaw
said, would be equivalent to confisca
tion of the telephone company's prop
erty. He said also, that if '.he case were
reopened, the integrity of every order
issued by the public service commis
sion in connecetion with the telephone
company's rates since the year 1 91
would be brought into question. At
these various hearings, he said, the ex
hibits numbered more than 2 "ft.
Order Dexdaretl Miwt Drnntb-.
II. M. Tomlinson, assistant city at
torney of Portland, said the recent or
der of the Oregon public service com
mission w:is the most drastic of anv re
corded in any state since the close of
tli e war, and that two months' exL,pr
tence may have disclosed the result
that the corporation would have madn
more money under the old rattt than
under the increnscd charges. He said
a period of declining price was at
hand, which made the situation more
Conini Ixsioner Fred Pin-htfl inter
rupted Mr. Tom 1 fn mon and as kef i :
"lo you think that the wuk"h of op-
orators and phone
empluyei should b
"Tli at Is a t's t ' o n that will have
to he looked Into," replied Mr. Tom
linson. "That may tie the result of
this readjustment that has got to h
made. We have gut to got at a baU
whereby the utility ran operate, acid
give service to tho peuple,"