Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Heppner herald. (Heppner, Or.) 1914-1924 | View This Issue
THE HEPPNER HERALD,, HEPPNER, OREGON
Tuesday, June 19, 1923
THE HEPPNER HERALD
S. A. PATTISON, Editor and Publisher
Entered at the Heppner, Oregon, PoBtofflce as second-class Matter
SOIL THE SOURCE OF WEALTH
Professor Powell of Oregon Agricultural cpllege does
not overestimate the relation of the value of the soil to the
total agricultural wealth of the state when he puts it at
two-thirds of the whole. It is impracticable to set a money
value on an indespensable factor. Without soil the farm
would be worth nothing at all and mankind would perish.
Undoubtedly, as Professor Powers reminds us, it is "too
valuable to waste." The wise farmer "farms for the soil
and not for the crop alone."
The reminder would be trite if it were not true that the
methods of the miner rather than those of the farmer still
persist in many quarters. A part of what the farm gained
by the nearly universal use of the automobile and larger
employment of the tractor was lost by reduction of the
number of horses and this has been intensified where spec
ialized fanning has excluded livestock from its scheme.
More attention will be required than formerly to the ex
act requirements of soil, inolving systematic rotation of
crops, use of green fertilizers and of chemicals in such
quantities as shall yield maximum results without being
productive of pecunary waste.
As a matter of fact the day of haphazard agriculture has
probably passed, never to return. It has passed through
two periods within a little more than a generation. Th
first, in which land was exhausted because it was cheap
was iollovved by over-confidence in chemicals as a restora
tive panacea. 1 he latter, without precise scientific knowl
edge, added unduly to costs, but operated in another way
to discourage good tanning by removing incentive to ro
talion and tillage which would have accomplished better
results in most instances without corresponding inroads
011 profits. vSoil maintenance, a problem with which our
forefathers were only incidentally concerned, will not bi
accomplished economically by guesswork, or by empirica
jnetiiods. it is a matter ol prolottnd interest not only to
producer but to consumer, who has the right to expect
that the cost ol his living will be based on methods ant
processes in keeping with the developments of a modern
The increasing number of farmers who are reported to
lie visiting the experiment station, larger enrollment in
1he agricultural colleges and deeper interest in the sum
mer session are cumulative evidence that the lesson is be
ing brought home. Development at Corvallis of a new
velch regarded as especially promising as a soiling croi
on land lacking in nitrogen and humus and too cold or
wet for other vetches is but an illustration of what is be
ing done to promote soil conservation in the manner that
is likely to be the widespread practive of the near future
Neither the neglect of the old days nor the lavish, costly
and unintelligent use of chemicals of more recent years
will be tolerated very long. Uregoman.
I ANTMCAN TOIACCO Ctt ' U - jfj
NOTSO.V CHOSK.V DIIUX'TOU
CKAttFOKO MADE CLERK
EXPERIENCE COUNTS IN ROAD BUILDING
TU l 4- 1 .1 . e 1 . rr- , ,
mi- ui,u,iuu .mu uc-ii.suy 01 roau irariic nave been
changing so rapidly that experts are yet unable to speak
authoritatively as to the best methods and types of road
construction, according to Henry C. Wallace, secretary of
agriculture, in an address before the American Automo
Western states have spent many millions of dollars in
the past five years hard-surfacing their highways. A
cement pavement that would have stpod for a thousand
years under foot traffic or the pneumatic tires of automo
biles not heavy enough to jar the road, has been found to
crystalize and go to pieces under the constant impact o!
heavy, rapidly moving vehicles.
The old steel tire was satisfactory 011 wagons and bug
gies until the adent of the motor car. The greater speed
ol latter would snotin wreck a vehicle whose wheels were
not pmleetcd by a cushion of rubber. And in turn the jar
and pound of the modern motor truck, passenger bus and
heavier pleasure ear will wreck the non-elastic, non-shock-Mahsorhing,
rigid types of pavement. It is for this reason
that city si reels have for many years been covered with a
carpel ol asphalt, if the road base itself is not of the as
phallic concrete type. On this account, also, western
states are resurfacing stiles and miles of their concrete
highways with a shock-absorbing layer of asphaltic con
crete. In this manner the original road investment of the
taxpayers is conserved and the life of the road base pro
longed for indefinite period.
Secretary Wallace is right in saying that conditions arc
changing so rapidly that it is difficult to speak authorita
tively on best types of road construction. The experience
of the west, however, has furnished conclusive proof that
shock-absorbing pavements, traffic impact and the tax
payers' pocket book are closely associated in any scheme of
ryad construction that is undertaken.
RADIO IMPROVES RIVER SERVICE
The rapid development of radio and its use in commer
cial life are illustrated in its application to the operation
of steamboats on the Mississippi river from St. Louis to
icw Orleans 1,100 miles.
One of the great objections to river traffic in the past
was its isolation. Today all of the towhoats and self-propelled
barge units used on short auxiliary runs as feeders
are equipped with wireless. The report their positions
several tunes a day and their movements are watched as
closely as at e train movements in a dispatcher's office.
Radio is revolutionizing Mississippi river shipping and.
speeding up the arrival and departure of freight through
putting the shipper and the boat companies in close touch
with each other, thus olniating delays in loading and un
loading freight or in waiting on the arrival or departure
out or an estimated 500 legal
voters in Heppner school district 34
men and women took part in the an
nual school eleitlon yesterday when
on director and a clerk were to be
elected. S. E. Notson was elected
director by a practically unanimous
vote and Vawter Crawford was re
tained as clerk by about the same
neavy majority. Both gentlemen
wero without opposition, there being
only one candidate placed in nomi
nation lor each place.
S treet rumor was rife during the
past few days that several candidates
were being groomed for the race but
like many street rumors the stories
proved groundless but tho result was
p. better attended school meeting
than Heppner has had in severa"
W. P. Mahoney, chairman of the
present hoard, was unable to be pres
ent, being called out of town on bus
iness and c. E. Woodson presided at
the meeting. Mr. Mahoney had pre
viously announced that he would not
be a candidate for the position this
year on account of the pressure of
The clerk's report, as submitted
to the meeting, (unbodied the follow
ing facts briefly summarized:
There are 4 55 persons between the
ages of four and twenty in the dis
trict, of which 216 are males and
23 9 are females.
There wero J 5 teachers employed
during tlie year of which 3 were
males and 12 were females.
Estimated number of legal voters
The financial statement shows
that at time of making last report,
June 19, 1922, there wasTcashon
hand to the amount of ilia7ii
During the year there was received
from district tax $23098.05; from
county school fund $2610.69; from
state school fund $650.05; from ele
mentary school fund $3812.90; from
tuition from outside pupils $3857.03
nd from other sources $83.34.
Expenditures were as follows:
Salaries (including superintend
ent, principal, teachers and janitor),
Supplies (including supplies used
in instruction, fuel, light and power,
i ml janitor's supplies), 2834.23.
Census and elections, $85.20.
Repairs, improvements anr re
placements, $716.33. Library book3.
$193. 61; insurance, $115.00: tnter-
st, $3447.60. and for miscellaneous
purposes, $181.04, making a total of
Bonded indebtedness amounts to
$ ISOtMl.lli) and other indebted nen.;..
$9,500.00, tint of tlie latter Item
$5HOO.OO has been paid since tlie re
port was made up.
Value ot real property (estimated)
$53,000.00; furniture and apparatus,
$7500.00. Amount of insurance
carried, $29,500.00; average month-
salary of male teachers, $221.60;
of remain teachers, $131.30.
I'OOU TIME TO AKCiVK
If tlie pursuers of tho sugar ban
dits stop to arguo about the tariff,
the thieves will get away. The pres-
nt tariff on sugar, which Is Hi cent
to l1 cents greater than the Under
wood tariff, has no more to do with
the sugar raid than It has to do with
the price of bananas.
Under the former tariff this coun
try saw the greatest profiteering in
sugar the. world has ever known;
suj;ar sold in some localities as high
as 3 5 cents a pound. There was no
more excuse for that than there is
for the present price.
In Canada, which has no Fordnoy
MeCumher tariff, sugar is wholesal
ing at 10 and 11 cents a pound,
the Liverpool market cane sugar is
quoted at 12 cents a pound, and in
London, t;.59 oenu.
It is the sugar gamblers that are
doing the dirty work, not the tariff,
which is merely high enough to save
our domestic beet sugar Industry
from destruction by foreign compe
tition 1 which prices go below cost of
production in this nation. Manufacturer.
A VICTORY FOR
The Crude Rubber Monopoly weakened when
It came into contact with aroused public senti
ment. The press of the country today reflects
the determination of the American motorist
that tire prices shall stay at a reasonable
level - and that America must produce Its
CUTS TIRE PRICES
We announce a 10 reduction In tires and
tubes effective June 11. The lowered cost of
crude rubber and the special Firestone manu
facturing and distribution advantages make
Firestone factories are organized on a basis
of large volume and effective production.
Costs are down but quality is at its . peak.
Stockholder workmen are daily building many
thousand of Gum-Dipped Cords the best tire
Firestone ever produced and, we believe, the
leader on the market today.
Firestone Cords took the first four places
and eight of the ten money positions in the
Indianapolis sweepstakes, Way 30, without a
single tire failure.
Get a ir of than Gum-Dtppiil Cords
Firestone Gura-Dtprpod Cords have Bet new
standards in mileage, traction, comfort and
6afety. Car owners have expressed their ap
proval of the extra value in Firestone Gum
Dipped Cords by increasing their purchases
1947o in the past six months.
We have replaced many expensive branches
with warehouses. We now have 108 distrib
uting points which are delivering Firestone
tires to the consumer at the lowest cost in our
Follow the tide of economical tire buying
equip with Firestone Gum-Dipped Cords and
learn what Most Miles per Dollar means te
from on of the following Dealertt
I. R. ROBISON, lone, Oregon
LEACH BROS., Lexington, Oregon
Most Miles per Dollar
Economy the Spirit
of the Times
DID YOU EVER STOP TO THINK WHAT
YOU PAY FOR FANCY CONTAINERS?
IS A GOOD ILLUSTRATION OF THE FACT.
YOU PAY FROM 7c to 8c PER POUND
FOR THE LITHOGRAPHED CANS
WE CARRY A LINE OF BULK COFFEES AT
331c - 35c - 40c