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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (March 18, 1897)
CUTTING POTATO SEED.
Tba Proper Waj It. Do II b to 8UM a
Taltora ( rmawla.
There is a right and wrong way to
cut potato-fiwl. and most people cut
the wrong way. 1 f j ob will take po
tato and examine it carefully, you will
Bee the eyes, instead of being placed
promiscuously aliout the potato, are
placed in a Dion- nr less regular spiral
from stem to seed end. If a potato is
split in half lengthwise after the eyes
have started in the spring, you
can see the continuation of the eyes
from where they njipear on the surface
to the center of the tuber indicated by
a watery streak, omt-tiling alter the
siannar shown in the cut.
ftow. If in cutting potatoes for aeed
the pieces are cut straight through the
A SEED K1TD; B BTEU END.
potato, these branches will be cut off,
ind the strength of the eye diminished
more or less. The proper way to cut
the tubers for seed i& to cut them
rosawiae of the tuber, as indicated by
die dotted lines, beginning with the
one near the atem-end, and going
h round with the spiral produced by the
ivhl This will leaTPtheeyeand its Con
ner tino whole from the surface to cen
- ir of the tuber, and it will be in the
.best condition to germinate and grow.
It is not settled yet whether it it best
10 plant the tip or the seed end, or not.
In practice I do not do it, as there ore
so many eyes together there that they
interfere with each other, and. except
with new and very highly priced
seed, I clip the seed end Bquarely off
and throw it away.
The usual method of planting pota
toes is to cover three or four inches deep
with soil, and plant in drills. This is
probably the best way where the land
is infested with wettls, but I am con
vinced that largnr crops can be grown
by mulching the surface with straw,
where there will not be too many weeds
to contend with. One man in Illinois
made a great sucoese by using straw
only as a covering, putting on enough
to keep it from drying out at any time
during the seamn.
1 have tried this plan, with varying
Knccesa, but a tetter way with me has
been to prepare the ground in the best
fjoHsiule manner, and plant tlie potatoes
as usual. In a few days a light harrow
is run over. the land, and this is re
peated about the time the potatoes are
Hady to come through the ground.
After this the mulch of straw is put on,
.nid the only nfter-work is to pull out
i he weeds that come through; a small
ask if the land has had proper cul
tivation during previous years. One
i( the best and largest crops i ever grew
.m grown by th jru'tlicwl,
in whatever nmnner potatoes are
planted, they must have thorough cul
tivation, deep for the early part of the
sfiiMon, nnd glial low after the roots be
,'n to run across the rows, for there
:b not a crop that is injured more by
uaving the root tor n off by cultivation
him a crop of jtotatoes. Unless the
root have plenty of room and plenty
nt food the crop cannot lie a good one.
This is one point where moat people
n. They do not stop to think that
ie potato-pin til has naturally long
ots, and nerd to lie cultivated ae
i"ird:ngly. If this were attended to,
"jc r.rop of the eon n try would ii" enor
imsly increoFctl. v. ith not u cent more
" cost attached tu it. Farm and Fire
le. vry Vll-Kept Farm Bbovld Hst mm
One of the evidences of enterprise and
improved methods among farmers is
the fact that many of them are giving
beautiful aud significant names to their
farms, ami then seeking by increased
t Sorts to make the farm worthy of its
nunc, and one of which the proprietor
maybe justly proud.
In front of every farmhouse there
should be an artistically painted board
bearing the imme of the farm, also the
imme of its propr ietor, or manager. It
might also point the direction, and give
the distance, of the proprietor's post
uflec town, and other near-by towns, if
il-fiired. and thus become, also, a
"friendly guide-post" to strangers in
Thousands of pretty names, from
w hieh any farmer may select an appro
priate one for his own home, ma be
formed by a combination of words. If
located in a timbered country, the name
inny lw based on a favorite kino" of tree,
or the kind prevailing in the locality,
as Onkdule farm. VJuigrove, Ccdardale.
tc. Or the name may be selucted with
regard to the location of the farm rela
tive to some near-by object If near a
river, lake, mountain, etc., as Itiver
side farm. River View, Mountain View,
lake View, Hillside, Hilltop, etc. Or
the name may be based on the proprie
tor's Worn plant, or the one priuci-
wT1y grown on his farm: as Cloverdalc
farm, Clovor Leaf, Tlht Oraaa, etc.
Tieatitiful and sMjrprsttTe farm names
nwy be srlertet. from n thousand words
or froD, h combination of words, and
each rne car select one. to his owp lik
iug. , . . - .
Toe farmer wfcr puis up his name
and that of h ?r .tu in front of his
home proclaims t-'.wby that he is not
tHihamctl ot the farm of which he it
proprietor. It .s a guarantee that hi
t'ffnns shnll bo m directed that them,
p'-trance nf hts home shall, ns rapid
ly as he can do it, In untie to consist
with it beautiful name.
In addition to naming the farm, the
residence, out buildings, lawns, etc.,
should be put into repair, if needed,
and a good photograph of the home
tnkon. letter .mule bearing the name
K-t the farm, and also a cut of the house,
should be printed, and used by members
of the household in writing to friends,
or on business. MI these things would
stimulate a pride of liome' and fann.
umi would surely result in an improve
ment of farm methods, aud in an in
crease of farm pleasures. Journal of
FARM FLOOD GATE,
It Is Stasto ami ftervtctmble ud Dam Not
The best and cheapest flood gate I
have ever used or seen is represented
ii the illustration. It is ray own in
wntum and is constructed as follows.
1 wist four, six or eight strands of good.
' iiri.E, BIT SERVICEABLE FLOOD
i!ioolh No. 12 wire together to form
s ratile, tiie size of theealile dependiiif;
:kiii . lie width of the strcnm or ditch.
.ml tasten tiie euiis seemety ut eseii
side, the last post of tlie fence answer
ii.R very well, if proitcrlv hniceil at
top and bottom. Then take brauche:-
uf osngc orange or other hunl womi
nnil tie on the cable, usinp a sufiicieii!
iimnlwr to make a pood fence. As the
water rises the branches will float, and
when it poes down they will return
to tiii'ir proper piacc. If heUpe is not
available, Imre holes in xmv kind ol
puics ajid striiv; them to the w Irtcable.
If hea'-y niaterinl is carried down b
the flocil. liht pulesor lumnls are liable
lo be broken, but. hedpe KiIes will slain!
flhnost any treatment and are cotise
HHinlly the best. A. A. Derry, in Or
mijje .liuid Farmer.
A Sword Cot for Which an Ordinary Mmm
The pictures and carvines of Japan,
as a rule, present the warriors armed
with two swords one on each side.
says a writer m the Kansas City Star.
This twe-sword matter is more a part
of ceremony and state than anything
When a Japanese means business he
only needs one sword. They are not so
skillful of fence as the Europeans, but
nevertheless have a number of cute and
slashes which, being in their nature so
many .surprises, would give a swords
man unused to their methods some
The first move a Jap makes in a
sword fight is fraught with danger to
nis opponent, 'inere are no prelimi
naries with a Jap. The fight begins
with him while his blade is yet in its
sc&DOara. and, as he draws his weapon,
wisdom will give him about fbrty feet
Grasping the scabbard near the cen
ter, he slightly tilts it so that the point
ot the sword as it bangs by his side is.
a anything, a little htgner than toe
hilt The sword itself is curved, very
heavy, and with its single edge as
keen as twuity razors.
When he draws it streams from the
scabbard like a beam of light, and as
it comas he makes a prodigious Btep
forward with his right foot, accompany
ing the whole with a rapid circular
slash upward of the back-handed sort
The whole performance is one motion,
and rapid in its execution as thought
Your Jap will reach a man a dozen
feet away, and the keen blade, atoning
ita work low, will split an opponent
like a mackerel. A Japanese swords
man always makes this upward sweep
on arawing nis weapon, whether an
enemy is in tight or not ,
THINGS IN GENERAL.
White mules are in great demand in
the soutji on account of their docility.
Nevada. Mo., has a citizen named
Dc Hpair. and with name he got mar
Is eastern Oregon the coyote keeps
op the price of eggs and chickens, and
many counties pay a liberal bounty for
his extinction. . -
Is a suit over six geese in Stamp
Creek, Oa., when the cost had amount
ed to about seventy dollars, the matter
was compromised and settled by divid
. Toe first ship's doctor on record is be
lieved to have been lit. Luke, who is
shown by recent research to have been
a physician in the Troad when he first
An owl flew down one of the circuit
courtroom chimneys ot I'almyra, Mo.,
recently, perched himself in the unused
pipe hole and listened as if he had been
admitted to the bar.
The biggest bat on record outside o(
tropical countries was killed near New
Castle, DeL, the other duy. It weighed
five pounds and measured sixteen
inches between the tips of it wings.
Moose are so very plentiful iu north
ern Maine that, as a sportunun can le
gally kill but one in a season, it is
something of adisappoiutmentto throw
away the only chance on on undersized
or lean animal, or one with poor oof
The American Who Killod tho
- Great M&tobo.o Dootor,
11, Is a Fighter fruu Tuu SngaffS.1 '
oath Airier A Lmf Kid, oa tlo ,
tU, SoU-TUe bhooUuK at
Wherever you go you find the Aiu
can, and he is never in the rear ran.
The best scout in the Alatubcle war
an American, llurnham, a Texan, w.
wears a Texan sombrero and rides
Texas saddle. 11c tights for the plena
tire of lighting. "His education and h .
natural powers of inductive reasoning.
suyson Lnirlish newspaper correspond
ent, ''raise him at onoe to a high ruu.
among the scouts of this or any other
der of all beholden. They are small,
roving, blue eyes. Women fall in love
with them. Cecil Rhodes says tlu-y bin
see right through a mountain when .
Matubele is on the other side of it. -Another
correspondent declare the sin
ewy little man he is only five feet
four in height to be a veritable pocket
edition of Hercules. Then he eckh,
most impressively: "And withal he h
modest ami. trnful," which is some
thing wonderful and unaccountable in
Burnham's greatest feat was the
shooting of M'limo under circumstance
that would have done credit to Dav
Crockett. M'limo -was Uie great wire
doctor of the Mntabele. He started t'.-.
rebellion, saying that he could tu
away the bullets from Uncle Hi: -i
Maxim's patent music box into wc;'
if his fellow countrtymen would oi
bring him presents in return fur t
favor. His throne was in a cave wit .
vats the center oiL pilgrimages for r
natives fur and near. Cnrnham tl t
aimed to kill him. The ISntish ofiicc.
.aaghd -at his aPempt ns a "fooi
wr-ond." tut he enl'strd riteosHstanc
! u K'nriH- ynni-.t ::n,"liJn;imi i:uir."
Arms:rmt, uml they started for
51'limo's cave. The. bills were fairly
sworn(ing with natives, and Burnham
and Armstrong traveled by night anil
slept by day. They led their horses, so
as to m:-1!' a6 little noise as possible,
and also to keep them fresh, as they
knew nfter M'limo had been killed it
would depend upon their horses whet'
er they would be able to return to t'
laager or not
When they arrived is sight of t..
cave they found nundreda of nativ
about but were disgtrjted to find tli
M'limo himself was not t here, being tr.
or tiree miles away. They sent t'
negro servant whom they bad broug
with them to tell the witch doctor th
some natives were waiting for himwi'
great quantities of pres- nts. Then.l
the good scouts they were, they mo
on some distance from the. place v. ! .
they told the servant they would w.
for him, so as to be on guard in case
played them false. Butindjina-sot".,
ran plump into a body of Kaffirs. V
the Kaffirs been Matabele t he two sent
would have been killed then and thcr
Burnham pretendtd they were Ui grt.
fear of M'limo and wr,nted to rc:eke hi:
presents. The Kaffirs iersuaded tb
Matabele to leave the scouts alone nnt :'
M'limo came and decided what shouM
be done with them. So they started
down the rood from the cave to meet
M'limo. When they met him Burnham
saw that if he shot M'limo the whole
crowd of natives would be on. them in
a minute. , After going through a
long orgy, M'limo invited them Into a
cove alone and told the natives to clear
out. No sooner were tliey in the cave
than Burnham sent a bullet throU'V
"We tlidn't wail to lay the hot'
out," rays Burnham, "but we ran 1
our horses with all ourtnight Thenif
rern followed and shot at us repeate.
!v, but their nhn was bad. We put on
horses to it for all they were worth
It sei-me'.'. to me that our horses jumped
over some rockf as high as their hcadr.
and it a wonder to me thatthevdidn'
break their necks nnd ours into th bar-,
gain." Though the killing of M'lini
did rot have the effect that was ex
pected, this detracts none from Bum
ham'sdaredevil cleverness. N. Y. Press
GROWN IN WASHINGTON.
Cloveb five feet high.
CokSsiaiks fourteen feet high.
A beet weighing thirty pounds.
TmoTinr seven feet eight inches
A cabbage weighing fifty-three
A bescb of grapes weighing six
A FUUPEUr weurliinfr nlnofc-thM.
-O j .....
Ai.fai.pa from a yield of twelve tons
Hops from a yield of 9,598 pounds
Ose strawberry ten inches in circum
ference. A watebmelos weighing aixty-four
An onion weighing four pounds and
As apple weighing two pounds and
A potato weighing eight pounds
A radish weighing nine and ons
A MtLL flf nntAtsiAfcttint T.U1.1...1 t ...
A SutTAHU weiirhinfr ma hnndul
Wheat from a vinid nt
bushels per acre.
StXTV-SEVEN nonmla n4 nnl.l. 4 1
i f v.. wrcn irisiu
two pounds planted,
Oats from a viebl nf nn K,,.i.n,i
and twenty-five bushels per acre.
A BLACKBERRV Imali shnwinn ...........
one feet growth this year.
n branch from a prune tree thirty,
three Incheslong with forty-six pounds
of fruit on it.
A I'LA.YK fiftv inch n.l,lu
iuches thick, thirt- two feet long, and
W. C. T. U, DEPARTMEHT.
lEillteil by the Ligation W. C. T. U
I'rwldent , . Mrs. W. A . Sander
1st Vice J'rei. Min. Kellllover
;nd Vice Hres Mitw AllrrUalelirll
hrd Vice I'reB , . .Mrs. Momliolili-r
tth Vice l'ren Mra. J. K. Cranilsll
itecnritiiiK 8ec'l'y....Mu Alice Ambler
t or. Mec Mra. Huttle Walters
Treasurer Mine Liu Booth
A Irani ti'liiR'ianue couventlnii for
. Indians, ly Indians and only attended
: bj Indians on the Umatilla rt-servu-
I tiou seeuis a rut her niguillcaiit sigu of
A Ctilwn hi Kcw York Buys that '
Muihii was a tuaii of atiictest moral
integrity; Unit he never drank wills,
uever played curd and never smoked,
and this iu a land where nearly 1
everybody, man, woman uml child,
I The siireeon In charge of the troous
' of Vaneou ver barracks has a stem aud
i'fieetlve treatment for druiikciiueaa, :
ilie main features of which are In;
brief, the Btonnich-piinip, stomach 1
tiiansiiig with a strong solution ofi
MHla, a IkiwI of hot heel extract with '
i iiyeiint pei ier, an hour's rent, return '
lowork. The malady Is suid to be ou
Uorge V. Kormaii, coroner of Gib-1
foil enunly, liidiuna, liiaile the follow-
lug rt-irt over his own signature,
J u liich is commeliilHl In other Coroners: I
I "After hnvitig viewed the body and :
made all the investigation deemed
i urcea.-ary, 1 find that said Joseph
j l.vlee cuuie to hie death thruunh
'ulcohnlic poisoning, resuhliiK from his
IrlliRing of a Hiisonnu drtiuk-ninking
mixture furnished b.v one Joseph
Htewurt, said .Bit-wart operating a
saloon for that purpose by tulliorlty of
Ilie United Htates goveriiuient."
Wben Babjr was itck, we jare her Castori.
When thu was Child, she cried f or Outorl
IVbtm gbe becanm 311m, she cltuig to Coittoria.
When the bad OilldnHi, the gav tham Castorla,
IX. It. CO.
Yaquina Bay Route.
roiineeling at Yoijulim Day with the San
1 hnitisco and a-iuina Buy bteaniHlit)'
taii from Yaquina liuv everr it:,it (layrv
for Ban r raticiwo. i'inn liuv. 1'ort Orionl.
Triruttad and iiiitukititt Hay.
. tions Unsurpassed.
Hliortent Kiiute Between the Willamette
Valley anil California.
Fare train Ail-any and Points West to San
f'sbin '.. GOO
I Bteerace 4 (10
To Coos Bay aud 1'ort Orforil :
Cabin $ 6 00
To Humboldt Bay:
Cabin 4 8 00
Round Trip Good for CO Days Special.
Meatuar A1.1IANY, elegantly urnfahed.
ft 1 win run uutween
Corvallis and Portland ou the fulloning
Down rivor Tnesilavs. Tliursdovs ami
RiMiilays, Leave I'orvalln H a. 111. ami
Alliauy, 7 a. ni. Arrive I'lirllanil, p. ni.
Tp river: .Mnniluvn, Heilnemlavs anil
Iridavs. U-ave I'ortluuil. A a 1,1 i,.l
Alljaiiy, 9:Wl p. m. Arrive (.'orviillin. 11 -.a)
Sim Bup'l Hiver I)ivi.,i,;.
Matiaaw. II. B. Hathy.
H. L. W'auiks, A)t't. (Iiip Keyere llouse
Allan, llt-H)l Albany,
TT "J'M ''-r- i- j
ljli Willi jj
Img llic SlauuudiS aiulDowuis cf
Aperfccl Tleim dy rnrronsllpa
tion, Sour Stoauch, Diarrhoea,
ness and Los 5 OF SLEEP.
lacSmiile Signalure of
EXACT COPT OT WRAPPEB.
No. Tor auuoi
weilacd ino fsiitall b,it. 4 i,ui i, loiitoil.tiiiiiifii.J
tinntts of belt itnllit. nody l W4 lu. v-'lilw by S'i In. loun. nmtte of lm Hrur-ouiKl lunii-Qr
lull trsnifl .tad uoplsr imuii-U. tborouulily sliiuii. Horrwiiil mitt tiluiitrfd. lioiilili- ri:oli iiotira
full Icuutli. Aiv iiiruliiun. cling. IhiIih. -It'., uuute ot tteflt Norwsv Iron I'&llitluii HUd ttlilih
tlrt-claiiH ttiniuuliimt. lloaioH imlntetl s riuti liluiik. wn llri-VHtersieen IiIul'L uv ounnllio
bAnd-oiuL-lv i:rii.-d. liiictl Imirity oomnli-te Willi mmit-i, l ntliar dsib. boot, tilnrm llirol'
eartiet, suti-nttUcrit, etc A wrluon warmnty with eui:li linimy. '
S4A.tlO H OUTHI-KillAL WflOI.ll.AIV PRtl'V fnr tl.la U..m .
Onnpno Mo. SVIK
It scut will Order
No. 120 Tos Bum,
a unoaimr ..unity
t'nLnlouiio ftliiitt ifitT
Ho. tit Mhi! Wig
ROAD e liave alt style, but,
tins one itv lU moat Hipular. Any ikftlur
will wk vuu fo It. Our vlutUfetnle
prirc in ,',". Hefjd r- I'jff.UUwiU cnnnm
at til tt 13 yoi.rft. Ouar tntwed to be nmiip of
mie-.:.ffl luatrliU H or out: lily HuaHinicd,
tiwt v.ti : iif pr uirit, Harvni patut
wifr-fljfi. clo!K K vim leatlitir ttimniiutit,
dmiiil rcajh trom-il :H lentrth, lifl tn,
ttnip mH, H -sm lr Ulinr ilnxh, pnlntina;
IwKiv Iflauft. ffftr lircv tt-er urcfi, or oarmtno
nlctfly n'ripi-il, and flu )ly tiiiitthett thruuub
ont. A wmw. wawiiy witii eiu'h wiutua
tuu iii'uify roftJHK-d it or rh rprefi.'tiiel.
tinltirat -unw. frktu will lift titfttitir mat
teftHou. Atttlrn, tin
for Sweet Peas
NEW DOUBLE, SWEET PFA n ' , . ,
The "' i-nunoi. io cents.
j wonderful Crimson Rambler Rose 0insly--t
i Cliri.mo-ilup, ,l f jj,,,,!,!,, Sweet
j 1, K,, , l-u,bm V,iicne,,me.
, j:.l . llia-jtberru, Ra,pbrrie, New
, Under VvlMa.
,J) rilled Willi ijood things old and new.
il M.1 f Fl" "m! VvM- Small
Muhi tne wi'l. . Z V ",''!,n' " dC(
niaiitu or. reri nf .a- ...i-.t
y! "-"u any oi
v ROCHESTER, HEW YORK. g
feJAMES VICK'S SONSl
Albany Furniture Co.,
BALTIMORE BLOCK, Albany, Oregon.
Furniture, Carpets, Linoleums, matting, etc.
Pictures and Picture molding.
Undertaking a Specialty'.
IS ON THE -
Z Ciiitorla la pot up la ol lottlo only. It
: U act told la bnU. Dou'l altov snyoas to ssll
' s&7tiiiar sin oa t&s plea u promlts tbst ft
gf 1" "J"" jocd" and "will rawer trsry twr.
pon." Bo tilt jn gt C-A-B-T-O-KJ i.
Wi tit In-
BUY OIRiCT OP Mmrn
Biiiiuiiis. itOAH iCUIfM re rmnin-ns
HI IUU;VS IU1IIOLI.C- ( Ail Kind,
inratwrt t tmmt at WHOUBALE PRICES.
oxs or ous liTMoaoiNiav itaaias
. asia DusoniTioN orbsui.i.v
PimoiirCoamso Rot v BsiiorlintwirrEKKnriiiini
3 or bow LurnKk uviuria -liii. vmm oiirtuiu
fiwt(!lieri.hnl tlnlnif ot lieMl wool uviiKloUl, tioiilud
i-aiim ami uIiihiiiJ ilimurf in qmirti ri.. tiULlli 1-am,l
Hl-Hlso IIaue, cloth of tancy leather irhiimlnufi
wiiiit uiwliloiw. harviin wh-it-ln, Willi ifi Houkm. Iu or
U lu. trend, l.'-lf. lu. UouUlt- oullur .i,.l . I. .
heynr lielnre sold lor bill to uicriioui-c our wur h,
loonllly we hsve neoidnl to luHki- I. i-ih-oIi.1 uouiiou i.nir llli .l
Mury reiulor ot tliln unimr an oi-iiirtutiltt 11- ant utrlr-tiv hr.i
ol 5.ii huuy .t tliflow,.! iiriocenrVllor'fl "
$40.00 a cniiiiM, .ewlll .Hit, mi. hndon,i inti", ,V,,,Vl,
im-iki-d mid mtsd and dellyen-d on board can. Il7, mi. !
oiniortuiilty hjk a tl,on.nBlily llitl, llrad, lip., pi II I "mv a
til- loweat nrke orr oflarnl liemeiulH-t - ... 'm.n '.lor??, i"L I
-oheai. hiiiniy," but as a stiietiy hisli-vrm. MM" u ,!,i wLt
nraomr aiim style. w,lle tuMmrlariir lllu.iraud
lim itiflvnt,i ., .. . '"f1""
W. oan .ll you a top !,, low a. swia. ZZl "o u""Z "in
m m.waiila. illouoy Rlnmlrd It not a, re.r.ffuif ,i attc, arr yal
" OR -
IWi Eteganl Road Wagon
Ma sit Boil. Wtaox
Van Burer, 8t, Bx. 2191
" -d Varieties per ound 40 c nta, ')
H:Jfpju.iii 5 cents.
Qiiar.er pour.d IS cents.
Fuchsia doutle wnite Phenomenal 1(5)
Blackberry, The Rnthbun.
Tomato, Vlck's Earlv I ..a.. V
Fruils, etc.. with description an
uie aiMvc. ' '.
a.... . yS)