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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1896)
P HETTY UChjOL GKOUMDS.
A Constant Ohji Leuon ti ths Eye. ot
JfiTarf lloy ami tilrl.
For tmral months In tho yoaralargo
proportion of tlw oUildrea of ttiis country
spend at leu half of the hours of daylight,
for five days f tho week, In or about tlK
school-house. At the most susceptible
period ot life tJie Influence of those sur
roundings must in the aggregate be consid
erable, concludes Garden and Forest. A
neat and tidy room, with simple and cheer
ful denotations, will be a oonataut object
lesson to BYery eye. A room with decrepit
furniture upon an unclean floor, and with
walls and ceiling broken and stained, will
teach its lesson, too, in taste aud morals,
but it will be quite a different one. It is
due to the heai.h of children that they be
supplied with i.lmuiaiit light and air. This
meausadetauhotl building with ample open
space about it, even in the city. Exercise
U also essoatial to the healthy development,
as well as to the happiness of children, and
play is the natural aud spontaneous exer
cise and refreshment for both their minds
and bodies. A playground may, therefore,
be considered a nticessary adjunct to orery
school. Children will play wherever they
hare room, but it will hardly be argued
that a bare space of earth, which will be
dusty or muddy as the weather changes,
offers every advantage that children should
be able to derive from their sohool-grounds.
If the school-room can be made to give les
sons in cleanliness and order and taste the
surroundings of the building should be ar
ranged to enforoe the same lossons.
That properly ordered sohool-grounds can
aid in this direction, and, besides this, be
made an important educational auxiliary in
some branches of natural science, was the
thesis of an interesting paper read before
the Massachusetts Horticultural Society by
Mr. Leverett M. Chase, master of the Dud
ley School, in Roxbury, Mr. Chase argued
that the ideal school-ground should be
separated into two distinot portions
one devoted to the purposes of an outdoor
gymnasium, and the other an area of green
sward, properly planted with trees, .shrubs,
vines in short, a pleasure-garden for the
children. They should he taught that the
garden is theirs, and a feeling of responsi
bility for It should be encouraged. That
this sense of ownership will engender such
a personal Interest that the exuberant de
strnctireness, so often manifested by school
boys, will give place to a sentiment of affec
tion, and a desire to protect their shrubs
and flowers, has been proved in many in
stances. If the plants are all carefully la
Deled and catalogued; If the children are
invited to aid in cultivating them, under
proper direction, they will gain much prac
tical information as to the laws of plant
growth, and if a serious attempt at system
atic instruction in certain branches of bot
any la connected with the care of the
grounds, many lessons which it would be
an irksome task to acquire otherwise will
be learned without effort, and even with
positive delight Prom the knowledge thus
gained, and the interest aroused in
the school-garden, we may reasonably
look for a .growing love of nat
urean increasing appreciation of the
beauty of trees and their value. If this gen
eration of ohildren were reared under such
influences ours would be a land of fair gar
dens in a quarter of ft century, and there
would be no difficulty in securing proper
legislation for the preservation of our for
ests. Indeed, it is to be feared that ft dis
tinctively American forest-policy which
shall embrace in its scope the wisest ad
ministration of the Nation's forests, and the
most inteiligentcareof the farmer's wood
lot, will never be adopted until the interest
and sympathy of the children are enlisted,
so tbattney wm grow up witn sound views
and generous sentiments as to the import
ance of trees and forests as an element of
the National welfare.
Of course grounds sufficiently spacious
foragardencannotnowbe found connect- (
nA -i.h --- ,ttaiui j ii ;
crowded cities large school-gardens will not 1
be nractioable. But there is room for a be-
ginning everywhere. A narrow border f
along the foundation of the school-house
may be made beautiful with flowers from
the time when snowdrops appear until
frost kills the latest aster. There are few
school-yards where a place cannot be found
.for some tree or shrub, or where ft vine can
not be trained so as to show its own beauty
and hide some unsightly object. At all
events, soma house-plants can be used
to brighten up the school-room and
to illustrate by living examples the
elementary faeto in botany and horticulture.
(Me disadvantage will be that of the teach
ers and trustees who must take the lead in
this enterprise know so little themselves ot
the subjects in which it is proposed to in
terest the children. The beginnings of tbjj
reform for a genuine reform it will be
will be feeble, and much honest effort will
he misdirected.. Unsuitable trtu. ..j 1
shrubs will often be selected and they will : the boat he propelled was as gay a
be badly planted in improper places. But 'thing as himself. He is also very
the very fact that the lack of knowledge en j amenable to civility. He will quarrel
these poinu u so lamentable i is thestrong- wlth to rtl Brlt0 h Zilu
eat reason that a beginning should be made. l""'! "r"u " "" "r"
The attempt will excite inquiry and criu-1 lan6'u8 but English, and after a row
ciam, and knowledge will come from the I tenders in payment a sum of money he
study and diaeuaaion thus aroused. Portu- deems unworthy of him, though it be
nate are those places already provided with j h excess ot the tariff. But the quar-
teachers like Mr. Chase, and Mr. Kndicott i ni u n v.. .j i?n,
master of the Gibson School in Dorchester, I rel wil!,be ?" oa hU ,ide' "nd lt w111
who, at the meeting above mentioned, ' ,00n dissolve away into resonant
added some valuable testimony to the sound- laughter as he invites his copper-col-ness
of the positions taken in Mr. Chase's j ored comrades to share the spectacle
Te.i .,w .v. . ,1 of the Briton walking off as if he
A final suggestion made by Mr. Chase la L , , . . , ,
worth considering in other site, as well as he,rd n0' aword ol hU PIea- The
in Hassscnuseus. it was that prises be
offered for the best-kept and most tastefully
Psinciss EuLixnshas been for weeks
past sojourning quietly in London, ac
companied by her two little sons.
The queen consort of Siam owns
wonderfully beautiful thimble. It la
shaped like a lotus and made of solid
gold, studded with diamonds.
Tim only ornament worn by the wid
owed Archduchess Stephanie of Aus
tria is a locket containing on one aide
the portrait of her little daughter and
on the other that of her mother, the
queen of Belgium.
When the princess of Wales was
married, the king of the Belgians gave
her lace of the value of ten thousand
pounds, since trial ana tne princess
Ham gUUD VH WVAASjV. VIMft) scasu aawvv MS
lace is worth something like fifty thou
Philip III., of Spain, was not roasted
to death by ft roaring, fire because court
etiquette forbade anyone to go to his
assistance. He died a natural death,
and the same story is told of ft dozen
different monarchswho were sticklers
for ceremony. , t
i THE POPULOUS SB Af 8TATE.
MasaMhaMtts S Tw.ntr Cltlas, Bach
Bering Oyer SO.OOO Papulation. .
Virginia and 'half ot the states In the
union combined show no more cities of
over twenty thousand Inhabitants than
r to be found la Msssaalmsetu, This
fart la M rtwdllr sfsnni from tot
IUts1tttMUIt(si tbtl ill MHiailayi
the New York Evening I'ost, as In
none of them are cities huvinjr a leas
population than twenty-five thousand
ranged according-to thoir population
rank. The faot is also so surprising
that few persons will believe it with
out proof. But there is no place at all
with so many inhabitants as twenty
thousand In nine states via., Vermont,
Mississippi, Nevada, Montana, Idaho,
Wyoming, North Dakota and South
Dakota. Nine states again have each
no more than one town numbering
over twenty thousand people. Those
states are New Hampshire, Delaware,
Maryland, West Virginia, North Caro
lina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Ar
kansas and Oregon. Four other states
Maine, Nebraska, Colorado and
Washington count each only two
cities that have passed the twenty
thousand limit. These three classeB
of states amount to twenty-two; that
is, half the whole number of the
United States, and seventeen is the to
tal ot their cities with each a census
upward of twenty thousand. Twenty
such cities, however, are in the roll of
Massachusetts. These are Boston,
Worcester, Lowell, Fall Hirer, Cam
bridge, Lynn, Lawrence, Springfield,
New Bedford, Somerville, Ilolyoke,
Salem, Chelsea, Haverhill, Brockton,
Taunton, Gloucester, Newton, Maiden,
Fitchburg. Three cities of this size
and no more appear in the census of
Virginia vis., Richmond, Norfolk and
The Tragic Bnd of a Faithful Hoadan
Loral Data Doth.
Many a time has the fiokleness of hu
man nature been put to the blush by
the undying loyalty of a dog or a horse.
But rarely has it ocourred, we are sure,
that a chicken has found itself unable
to live without its master and has de
termined to commit suicide rather than
live in loneliness. A correspondent of
La Nature, a French sclontitlo journal,
tell the following tragic story ot a
chicken of the Houdsn variety of
which his brother had made a pet He
"Every morning in coming out of the
house the young man brought with him
a handful of crumbs cr of grain or of
something else that chickens like, and
little by little his Houdan net acquired
the habit of following him about the
place. In a grove near the house there
was a benoh. When the young man
reached this bench he invariably seated
himself, and the fowl, jumping up by
his side, peoked the food from his hand
and was petted by being stroked on the
head and back.
"This had gone on for quite a long
time when the young man left home to
go to college. For the first day or two
the chicken seemed not to be incon
solable over the loss of its friend, but
took its food with the rest After a few
days, however, the fowl seemed to be
come aware that its friend was not com
ing back, and it was seised all at once
with an unconquerable melancholy. It
. lingered morning after morning under
the windows of the house as if waiting
for Its master to come out .
"Finally it betook itself to the bench
where its master had been accustomed
to feed it and there remained, its head'
under its wing, almost motionless, day
and night It was useless to trv to
" .7 ? "T ,
; to look up when the most temntinir hand-
tempt it with food; tho chicken refused
' f ul8 of e"'11 or douKn were thrown down
' before it. Its eyelids were closed, and
" intention to die of hunger was so
evident that it was deemed merciful to
Hot Quite as PfestoMtqna as Fainted by
It Is with grief that I remind my
untraveled reader that in Venice the
gondola is the cab. Is the cabman a
poetio object a person to whom you
would indite lyrics or elegies? I trow
not But on the other hand, the gon
dolier, unlike the London cabman, has
his redeeming qualities. He is pict
uresque. He used to be more so in
the days when he wore red silk stock-
lnm and a blue silk jacket, and when
caumau, m aucu n vase, wouiu oi
course proceed to maledictions,
and perhaps go further atllL
Indeed, when all is said, the
gondolier is not a bad fellow, though,
like the pigeons, somewhat spoiled by
being photographed in his boat by en-
j terprising amateurs a hundred times
In the year. Hut In spring, notwith
standing the romance of them, one is
not strongly attracted toward gondola
or gondolier. When a "bora" Is
blowing upon the city from the mount
ains behind Trieste, and all the lagoon
is under ft blue-gray haze, chilly and
thick, one is prone to think ot fires,
not aquatic expeditions. And many
a martyred paterfamilias and his
wife, who, at their eldest daughter's
bidding, , have inelegantly wriggled
into the boat, aud, aided by the emit
jompmnjonnta oarsman, judicious-
ly dispersed their offspring about the
remaining space thereof, aro as eager
to leave as they wore unwilling to en
ter it II they can be Induced to make
anothor such osc.ii-.ii.m, w, i.,.juol
for their sum and ewiouli w.wpi tor a
regiinonl racltless ol tin daughter's
indignant demur about 'U.i 'it wilt
look." A playful form of c mipliinunt
which the gondi iters band utiuut
when they are dUpleascd with each
other brings mo to another character
istic of Venice. If. in conveying hw
party through the "cannietu.' -the
oarsman alasnes with a boat, aiming in
tho contrary direction, he will pruba
blr Call his eruniy "tho eon ol a dog,"
It Witt It Mstt iMNanM Hlil
I Prize Hood's
(smparUla mors than any rsmsdy I haw
ever taken. I have never bswrabust sad
Was subtest to strata htadanlu. and k.rf
ao appetite. Sines taking .
and Hood's Pills I ant ewsllwomaa,
have a good appetite and sleep wU.
I ordlslly ' rseenmmd Hood's Bar
ssparlUa. Mrs. 8. M. Goieam, Viluaaw
Honss, Fillmore, Oallfornis. . ' ..
Pillu '" " U" nit. Mint
Attention! . .
If you want
A Big White Loaf
Every Sack Guaranteed
For sale by all the lead
ing grocers of the city.
Call for it
70 Gents per Sack
and the Best.
Is Your Child
Going to College?
Have him fitted at the
Thourough preparation libr
all collegiate courses.
Certificates admit to the
leading Colleges on the coast.
Normal- Department gradu
ates ebtain State and Life di
plomas. Music, Art, llook
keepiug. Specialties, health
and outdoor life, small clas
ses and instruction for the in
dividual. Winter term opens Sept 23.
Tuition $6.50 and $10.00 per
term. Send lor catalogue.
S. A. HANDLE, A. M., '
Oregon Central Eastern R.R. C o.
YAQUINA BAY ROUTE,
Connect a", Yaqiiina Bay with the
8an Francisco and Yaqulna Hay rl team
A 1 and firstcUss In every respect
Sails from Yaqulna for Ban Francisco
about every 8 days.
Passenger accommodations unsur
passed. Shortest route between the
Willamette Valley and California.
Fnre from Albany or point west to
Cabin,... $12 00
Steerage, 8 00
Cabin,roundtrip,60ds. 18 00
For sailing duysapply to
H, I. Waldbh, Agent,
Edwin Stone, llii'ger,, Albany,
Chah. Clark, Supt,
. CervalliH, ,
TRADE MARKS. I
1 OltlON fATIMTi,l
for Infonnatloa ana fres- Hiulbook wtl M 10
HUNN A CO., SB1 Bhoadit, NSW YoBC.
Oldeit bnruu for securuig pttenu nt Anertes. .
BrerrptWut taken oat by uals brought btloM
Um pibllo by a aotlus tn IrMdalurst la Ike
I goleittirig Amrliu
I J)jb ZJr TD MARKS
SiS ' ION fATIDTi,
- iff mnm0i
j, fOR IT WILL NOT CUU IM
An aifl'lwsMa r-M1n anil Wpuvw HVimn.
Sold hyUnnofltta or sent by mall. S6o6Ua.
and turjpar package. Samples trw.
fft IT A The Favorite TOTH MWUH
Forsale by N. V. Siiilih.
LIYER, KIDNEY AND C0KSTIPAT10H
Pleasant to take by old or
young. No griping.
The root of the Liverine
plant is extensively used in
Norway for the cure of Pilos.
Sold by all first class drug
Anchor S ChkmicalOg.
Beat Shaven, HuirCutoi Shampoo at
B. P. KIRK'S
NEXT DOOR TO HT. CHAKLES
Children Kindly Treated.
Ladies Hiiir Dressing a Specialty.
t I I
"2 3 6.
For Nale at
ThiM Of flee.
A Baboon . .
on a crowded tetroot wouldn't excite a tithe
of the interest among tho people that an adver
tisement in The Lebanon Express would,
Nee what we have to say
Here about Job Printing.
Have your Stationery and
Your Hand-Bills in fact, all your
Job Printing done here, All
Printing; will be on good matorial and
Ione in a workmanlike manner
.A-t very reasonable prices. :'
Xliiw department of our .
Office is equipped for noat work.
The Lebanon Exprews.
M. L. Forster,
TANGENT, - - ' OREGON. '
FRUIT THEES FOB HALE.
I have a very fine Btock of fruit trees vet for sale. A
good assortment of Apple best winter varieties; fine Btock
of one and two yoar Cherry trees; fine one and two year
Pear; a few (1000) Prune; also a good stock of Ilaspberries,
Blackberries, Lucretia Dewberry, Gooseberries, Currants
and Btrawberries. I will take in exchange for trees 300
bushels of good oats, 1000 pounds dressed pork; also will
trade for one good young cow. For particulars address me
at Tangent, Or., or Andrews & Peterson, Lebanon, Or.
Albany Furniture Co.
BALTIMORE BLOCK, Albany, Oregon.
Furniture, Carpets, Linoleums, matting, etc.
Pictures and Picture molding,,
Undertaing a Specialty.
, Four Hodeis-$85 and 8100.
(VERY MACHINE FULLY GUARANTEED.
Pactoiy and Main OHIoi Lak
R E LIE F.
Kin? of Bicycles.
SENG t-CENT STAMP FOR CATAL00UI
and Hoisted 6t CmCAQO, ILt,