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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (July 5, 1895)
Hia Rornarkabl Influence In
An Outline of tha Ruomm Which Atteud
d lite nWu an Editor Frt-
rnvnU of III Paper's j
Mr. Greeley was the hole proprietor of
the New York Tribune when it first ap
peared, says a writer in that paper, hut,
appreciating his obligations, is about
three months lie associated with him
Thomas McElrsth as a partner ana
business manager. About fifteen thou
sand copies were then being circulated
find the success of the venture was as- -sured.
It had started as a penny pa
fr. bat at the beginning' of its second ;
your lite price was raisea w wu wuw, i
'and the weekly receipts supplied a con
stantly increasing; surplus over expen
ditures. In these earliest years three
- other notable men, In addition to Mr.
tirceley and Mr. Raymond, were at
tached to the enterprise. One of these
was Bayard Taylor, another Charles A.
Dana and the third George Jones. Mr.
' Taylor and Mr. Dana were employed in
the editorial rooms, and Mr. Jones sold
papers over the counter. The cam
paign of 184 brought the Tribune into
the full measure of public favor. Mr.
Greeley loved Henry Clay as a man and
r-.dmired hint beyond comparison, as a
statesman. Ko one of the vast army of
Mr. Clay's ardent champions worked
with such seal and devotion as the
editor of the Tribune. Personally and
paper he argued ana
11 "K. T'ZS i
his g, and bitternesa in the hour of ,
his own defeat, twenty-eignt years
later, were so keen nd deep as the ;
. , H.or, uiha
sorrow with which he announced to
his readers the overwhelming defeat of ;
n.. n. F, that Zmentthe
hattcrieB of the Tribune were turned i
upon the slaveholders and the abolition
KITitators in almost equal degree. Ita
fxed policy was the mentmcation or
the whig party with the cause of
i'-ccdom. The Polk administration
was opposed with Bturdiness and
vigor. The annexation of Texas
end the Mexican war brought
i. nt a steady fire of protest, and if as
r.rojects they were not- beaten, eertain
ly they were shorn of their worst ambi
tions, and their worstmsults were pre
venti. During- this period of the
0 rilmna's history, from the democratic
triumph of 1644 to the whig victory of
1840, it took its place as the leading
American newspaper. It was filled
v ith great achievements. Mr. Dana
has managing editor, and Its newB de
partment was remarkably interesting
. nod complete. Mr. Taylor was supply
in? his famous letters from Germany,
fietence, social philosophy and commer
cial affairs were handled with marvelous
shilL and already the paper had won its
way into the affections of thoughtral
end patriotic people. It was during ;
this time that Fanny Fern wrote an il- ;
lr-strntive account of the attitude held '
toward it by all sorts and kinds of the
population. She had sent out for a
copy, out ner messenger nad returned
without it The news-stand supplies
were exhausted. So she undertook to :
find one herself, and, coming presently
upon "an old huckster man," seated
under a huge, faded umbrella in the
sun, she asked if he had a Tribune.
"No, ma'am,n he said, decidedly, i
And then, as the authoress told it, this
conversation ensued: .
,4iVhy,yes yon have!' said I, laying
my hand on the desired number.
'Well, yon can't have that, ma'am.'
he replied, 'for I haven't read it my
self.' . 1
" "But IH give you three cents for it!'
"'Nop!' v: -
" "So; yon couldn't get it for one dol
lar. It's the only eopy I've got left,
and I wont sell it till I've had the
chance to read it through myself !'
"Yon should have seen," said Fanny
Fern, concluding, "the shapeless hat,,
the mosaic coat, the tattered vest and
the amazing trousers that were edu
cated up to that Tribune."
This sight was not a rare one as the
years went on. The Tribune was a
class paper, but the class was not de
termined by the kind of clothes people
wore or the amount of money they
could command. Brains and conscience
were the qualities to which the Tribune
appealed, end wherever they .lived it
found a home. ; ,
rreetoo HUmM to Order.
Attempts have been made, not with
out success, to form minerals, says
Prof. Crooker in the Forum. Artificial
ultramarine has long been an article of
commerce, ine lonnation oi loe o.a-
mond is said to have been actiially el-
f iWpd hut In the ornniofi of the in
ventor the p-ocess is so difficult and so
dangerous that the diamond miner and
the diamond merchant need not feel
nneasy. The ruby and the sapphire
have lately been reproduced in Paris,
and curiously enough the coloring mat
tor in both is found to be due to one
and the same metal chromium in
different states of combination. Eed
and blue stones of an intermediate vio
let form which might be likened to the
- rare and beautiful oriental amethyst,
have been obtained in one and the same
operation from the same lot of material.
The jewels thus produced have so far
all been nnaU; large enough to form
the pivots of superior watch works, but
not large enough to rank as rare and
costly ornamental objects.
A Hint About Sponge.
Never use a sponge, says an exchange,
unless vtm have thoroughly soaked it.
This will take out the muriatic acid
used in its preparation for the market.
If you buy a sponge from a drug store
or any wuere at rewiu you uo no get
a.. L .:i tu.i iL
, i j-
the bottom of the aca. It ha. seen a . woman happens to get kiU.d lhe pa
number of changes. Sponges are pers announce that Maty ooi.tiv w-
bleached white with mnriatic acid, and
the men who do this work have o
TSnSZ rf ttaipt to mention that he leaves
tae finer I
ARISTOTLE'S TREATISE. '
- . . t
The Mewlv DbOQYortri huitk Mnkm Hams
Alteration In Athenian HUtcirj. (
Since the world of elassleaf-iitadents I
was Btaitled by the discovery of a hith-
ertounknown'work by Aristotle there
has been great eagerness to find what
new facts it may bring to light, what
theories it may confirm or explode, says .
the Boston Advertiser. This niauu
script was found during some F-jryptian
excavations, and its authenticity is es
tablished beyond a doubt It Is in the
possession of the British museum and
has been published. It is .entitled "A
Treatise on the Constitution of Athens'1
and will clear up many disputed points
concerning the government and history
of the Attic capital.' 'The' first copies
arrived in this eountry about a week
ago, and one of these,i in the hands of j
. Prof. '. W. Goodwin, of Harvard. j
The manuscript is in four pajjyrus .
'. rolls, three of them "in good condition ;
and the last fragmentary. The writing,
r as is usually the case, is on the reverse
I of the papyrus, which originally held
' some mercantile accounts dated 70 A. D.
Allowing, therefore, a reasonable
length of time for those to become use
less before the reverse sine woum oe
used, the date may prettysafely be fixed
at the end of the first century. Infer
ence to the treatise is undoubtedly
made in a catalogue of Aristotle's
works, none of whose titles correspond
with anything previously known. Since
the clearness of the latest work marks
it in contrast with the technical style of
Aristotle's other writings, a confirma
tion is f and in the old theory that the
catalogue is a list of Aristotle's popular
The treatise falls into two sections.
The first consists of a history of the de-
---i--- --- ,.; (
" w """" .
Aristotle's time. The last part ib frag-
y- " "
through quototions from it by the grnm-
marian Pollux. In the first part, how
ever, there is an abundance of hitherto
unknown material. A few months ago
Prof. J. H. Wright, of Harvard, com
menced an article for the Harvard clas
sical studies, in which he maintained,
merely on literary grounds, that the
Cylonian conspiracy took place at a
much earlier date than that accepted by
Grote. In the very first chapter of this
new manuscript thedate is Excel. as Prof.
Wright argued it should be, before the
legislation of Draco. Furthermore the
hitherto unknown fact is established
that Draco instituted the Athenian sen
ate and that Areopagus . was in ex
istence before his time.
Solon's reforms are explained anew.
It appears that his reduction of the
coinage was much later than his abol
ishment of debts, but that both were
accomplished by bim. The nine arehons
were chosen, as was not before sup
posed, by lot from forty men. ele"t :d in
tens from the four tribes. The divhim
of the tribes equally into mountain,
plain and seashore is now known for
the first time. The Uhjht of Thcmi
stocles from Athens at the time of the
revolt at Naxos. which marks the first
sfc'-.wn to be as .late as 402 is. C.
with other and Jess unnortant revela-
tions, sets the whole history -of this When on his death-bed with his chil
period. The history continues down to 1 dren, who were all grown up and mur
tho time of Aristotle, but the state-: ried, surrounding liim, he said to them
mcnts concerning the latter period are ' that they would be surprised when
mostlv already well known or are nn- - thev onened the safe, a small affair
Ufe and nesth."
Even doctors must have recreation,
and perhaps a certain physician at a
ummer resort, whose servant recently
made a somewhat queer response to a
caller, was humanly right in the or.lers
he nad given ner. riome one called at
tlie doctor's cottage In the evening and
began a speech to the servant:
"I want the doctor to come over right
"He can't do Ul" answered the serv
ant "He left orders that ho was so j
busy that unless It was absolutely a j
matter of life and death, he couldn't gb :
out at all this evening.
"But," said the caller, "it isn't sick
ness at alL"
- "Whatr !
. "We want him to come over and take
a hand in a game of whist."
"Oh, that's different You're Mr.
Brown, ain't you?"
The servant disappeared and reap-'
peared a moment later.,
"The doctorsays ne u oe ritu over,
ahe said. -Youth's Companion.
An American and an Englishman
were one day sitting on the balcony of
the Anglo-American club in Brussels,
passing the rather slow hmm in a
little friendly guying of eatih other. The
Eneliahman sat facing 'tha .toetieau
flag, and the American fcut lcin? the
rt lllwa Iv.:-, !nll in the
j ...g the Englfa,man came
j ontwith. ...Isayoia man, ye cawn't
Imagine what your flag reminds me
The American was serious. " Well,
what to it?"
"Why it reminds me of a deuced big
gridiron, don't you know."
The American smiled a sad smile and
then said: "All right, Johnny, lint
what do yon think your flag reminds
me of?" -"Don't
"Well, it reminds me of a darned big
beefsteak that we can fry on our grid
iron." Boston Budget
Maria Therew Dollani Hi Atrlca.
The imperial Maria Theresa dollars
of 1780 are In use all over Africa as a
circulating medium. They are still
coined with the same date. During
Ho. Abvssinian war Great Britain was
obliged to purchase larfre quantities of
these dollars in Austria to meet the
war expenses in Africa, as the natives
knew no other coin.
tiiuuec iiwvritul altera.
"I notice," said the woman with the
" ' , , ,..-;, .-i
' ateel.bowed glasses, "tltai. if a m.irrinl
of dohn f-mun, was u ... "
ears,' for instance. If Joha n
it -Ur.-.. fit rifti. ti. wnnl riKill Of OaTV.
widow. Abu that's why I'm kicking'."
SCHOOL SYSTEMr4 -OF FRANCE.
The Symmetry d worttlnir Are sultl to
'lie Neit ThtnR It l'erlei-1'".
"Every child in Frnncoat tab- hour.'
says the complacent minister in the
well-known story, "Is atndyhit; the
same lesson," and. necor:lii.:f ! t't.)
Fortnightly Review, It in r-r:'v t'.-a". ."
ni. f.w rn'irt'V iimlm'irradualu
still, I'uiform kumvlisk'p and liui-
form precision, with unilorin justice
for every young eitixeti. are tints m- t
cured, and what are cnminoul- reek-
oucd tlie "essential qualities of the
French mind" are unquestionably do- ,
eloped. Not only the rarnae' r- hut ,
the working of the system is liorfr-ot; ,
the grand araiee i (rone, oven tty Co lo
has its uncertainties, new govern
ment and principles oomc and ir : but
the University of France has sat aa il
was set, above the reach of time or
politics, as beseems the mighty spir
itual organisation it is. The body of
the nation is in it-s outi-r eo'irt, il gov
ernment clssnes are in the second and
third. We-recognlze in England how
largely the public schoolboy isfatlierof
the man, hut we must deepen iliis Im
pression tenfold to realic the national
importance of the lyceen nad li'w bac
calaureate. One niijrht write a good
account of modern France in ttii ms of
him alone the lyceen fullblown as
literatonr aud critic, as artist nnd en
gineer, as journalist and politician, as
soldier and colonizer, and so on. In
all such occupations, howuvur, lie has
toomnchtodo with the outer court;
it is in the inuer one, that ot the doc
torate, the afrgrefTation, the diploma
of the Eeole Konnnle Kuncrienre, that
he fully blossoms, unspotted from the
world. He becomes n professor or
other functionary, for above all thinfrs
the ambition of the conventionally
well-educated Frenchman is to belong
to some bureau or other. The profane
call this inner court (with sonic ap-
proach to descriptive accuracy it must
be confessed) that of the "manda-
rinat," its more erudite and authorita
tive personages becoming "manda
rins," and Its humbler Levites ''ronds
de cuir," i. e., civil servants, viewed
teleologically as coverings for stools.
So upon every mind in France there is
laid the dead hand of the great law
giver. HIS OWN BANKER.
A Hooaler'i Great Wealth of Always
A land-owner nud cattle-raiser in :
Warren county, lud., died recently.
He had a larsre tract of land devoted :
exclusively to grazing, and his bales of :
cattle every year ran up to scores of .
thousands of dollars. Jluch of this
money during the latter years of his (
life he invested in more land. Jlc
bought farms, cleared them of their j
buildings, and turned them into bay-
fields and pasture-ground. His trims- j
actions, says the Cincinnati 1 lines-1
Htar, were always conducted on a cash i
basis. Where he kept his money was
a mvsterv. At the time of his death
he had about eight thousand acres of
land, ranging in value from thirty-five
dollars to one hundred dollars an acre.
He had been living alone on a farm
about two miles from the county scat.
which was in the room. When it was
opened after the funeral it was found
to contain one hundred and fifty thou
sand dollars. That was his bank. lie
had kept his money in the little safe in
his house, two miles in the country,
and had had lanre stuns there for
years. Imagine what an easy prey
this would heve been to a handful of
burglars. Two or three men could
have taken it any night without the
slightest trouble, lint he kept his se
AN IRISH "LOT'S WIFE."
She Was a Wlrhn.1 t'rentnre and How j
Wears a Unique f.'mtume. i
A curious legend is attached to .a
strange momim'cnt which stands in a
solitary spot near llantry. Ireland. It
is a natural rock standing upward of
six feet in height, and containing five
basin-like holtows on its surface. Iu
each basin is a loug, oval stone. J
It is said that "once upon a time" a
woman lived in that neighborhood
who was in the habit of robbing the
j farmers throughout the district. In
J the dead of night she used to enter
j their bams, miik their cows and trans
fer from each dairy as much butter as
she eould carrj-.
The good Saint Frachna, conscious of
her depredations, resolved to punish
the woman. Ife mounted his horse
and pursued her as she was leaving
one of the farms. Overtaking the cul
prit he changed her into stone, and she
stands there to this duy, a monument
of righteous retribution. The stone
basins are those in which she was
carrying the milk, and the pieces of
rock in each are said to be the butter
she had stolen. The tree beside the
rock grew out of the spaniel with
whlchlfehe was acointometl to tie the
cows' legs before milking them. This
curious legend is known tind Iwlieved
by all the peasants in the district.
Wlialee in tlie North 1'aollic.
The whale is destined to disappear
from the North Pacific much more
speedily than ho was driven from the
eastern approaches to the Arctic. The
whale fleet sailing out of the port of
Ban Francisco laid . year cauifht in
the Arctic regions no less thun three
hundred and fifty -three whales. The
product of last season's catch would
have been represented by about two
million dollars nau prices remained as
j tjlfiy were about three years ago.
W hen one small steamer takes sixty-
two whales in a single season, and a
still smaller one kills sixty-four, there
is a striking illustration of what steam
is doing for the extermination of the c
whale in the Pacific. There will be no !
restriction, The whale fishery by sail'
ing vessels has for some time been un-
. profltobta. What the sallin(? craft
a, ,1,1 Jrt (11 o lifutimanf vua.Ntt.hfl
a , wUl pretty 'Llnrtr
kmasiaUB in a vr few ywn
A Clubbing Offer.
A treat "rnstiy of oiir readers Uiitt
iiuiuiv like t" tl,e Hie weekly Oregon-
'lull. We have iiimle urruiigelu ills
I wlien 'oy we run furnish II ul s redmil-'
'ion f.i ni the rvjri'liir irlw tn tliinc alio
vtmii imih tlie Kxi'nixs anil the
Oregnuiuii. Tin oaniiir niee of I lie
Onxoiuaii IsM Aiiii- r year, and of the I
Ex ritijw ?1.5C !
In alvuiiee. e
" $i ier rear In
iiilvtii'iv n mv.iii; -if one (Ifllsl to lilt
"iilwc ipci'. Tli'- (I'l'aiiiiiiiM kI''i !l
tlir gi'iirriil it' asiil'li e,itimi one.' a
week, ninl llie Fxi'Bliss Kivis nil the ,
local iiovii once a week, whlcli will
inuke n most fxei llent iickm sii'vieiM
for the iiiodi ruie mmi of ta. i r.vi.
Those h" tile nl lin-m in auliseriliiTH i
tin" Kxi'lies iiiukI pay In all ni'irnr- r
iiKes and one jeur tn iiih iniee In olnnlii
ihif speeliil price.
C'tirpi is, ctii'Di'ls, eiirpeut. M.iltinif, ;
inatlii K, niMtl mu:. Kuy ' the Abtiiy
Fiiriillnre Co lliiliiiitiirv HiiH'ii. Al
hull , Oregon
Hum, liuls, hut , win it in need, ol n
lint lloll'l fotllo l"ik Ml llion' il' llir.
ItiH'lii t l'irt'. lliilx 6 ' . iiOi' , Hid
ffie. Wool hull, Ulle , 4"m' and SOc.
Ci.vjlioy lisis 7iir mid 1 50. Fir li !
$1 fl.iS urn Hi-l .iftw-U- $1 To N '
eliollit-H, Itni linn, il lit oi il (I w
veillnii ut piiis ! a any- Iteloa doiiiihII
linn. Great liai'iiiiiiw In a Idle drew
gowlH from 6e up. OiiIhik tlimiie , HO
yds. f ir $1. Hull-.-' I ire oiiik illi'.. Soft,
mid 35 cenls.
Notice of iOxeeutrlx.
Notice is hereby given to all wlioiu it
inn)' concern, ihtu, hy an order of die
I'mitttv fVuirt for Lion I'ntoltv. HlUtU o'
pointed and is uuw tlie duly qualMi'ii in ..
ill-lint; Executrix- ul' the last v. ill m i
tcHtauiciit of Kugono H. Ulm, lK.'a. .
All ptinies liiilelited lo suit) csttiie m n
quested to tttako (muteiliate iwyniBiu to
l lie undersigned, and all wrti liarii B
claims aBidtist lite estate are hereby re
quired to present tlie same properly aeri
fied, within sii months Irotti the 6tli tlsy uf
April US5, tlie lirsi publication at tnlit
notice, to tlie tiiulersigned at ilie athce of
Baiii'l M. (lurland, Uilianoii, Ore
L. J. I'm,
F.x. of llti' hint will and tt'-lainonl til
F.iigene H. I'lnl, deceased.
HaSI I, I'AHLANa,
Attv. for KxeiTtrix. ;
LIVER, KIDNEY AND C0HSTIPAT10K
I'lear-ant to take by old or!
young. .No griping.
Tlie root of tlie Liverine
plant ib .extensively usud in
Norway for tlie cure of Piles.
Sold by all first class drug-giets.vs-''"';.:Vf
YV liolenale Man ufactures.
Anchor S Chemical Co,
Best Hhavea, Hair Cut or Shumpopat
B. P. KIRK,
NEXT COOK TO 8T. CHARLES
Children Kindly Treated.
IU- Half Dm VM
MAYER & KIMBROUGH
llavt-jiint ivt'oivi'd tlif finest line of CRO'KKRY and
LASS WAKK ever LiMH;.'.t to LflmiKiii, which tln-y in
vite ytu to cull and incpocl.
Their mvt no as low, if not lower than anywhere cle,
in the valley.
Highest Prices .Paid for Country
tit's sa more
rlf r-r.iv Iit CTu'.G! t- CC, l"
ft Wrlc !'.?i: rs cj:4 r;:Bc- .onefc
Wjiy: - rfy.:. - r - rT - in. - - r - .'T'J.'i
fPkii ITnnninimnicinrl B "X
1UC UUUUlClUllOlllfi V
MSlUta Slilll . . .
Usee a small iniKitint of I'riiit
ed Stiiliniicrv n nd olhrr tl
vertiniiig mutter, and us u
cnniequi'iiip liis Inminwa (lies
n wny mid lie is then like the
iiiii n u lniHi' . cture uppeit :
Ensiness M . '.
Uses a crust unionnt of Advnr
lining mutlcr uf all kinds.
(JoiiHittiucrtliv his liiiHiiiess In
OieaHtts ninl tin biKjnnies ni
hapy as tlm individual who:
is reprenented .by tlio picture I
just above, I
of All Kinds
In dime at this Office in a
Workmanlike Manner, and at
Prici's to Cum pure with tho
Timed. Your Kuaintwa will be
Ineretised by hnviiiR Your Job
Pr ntinss dime at this Office.
T mm EXPRESS. .
tba other pactaire soda never spoils
1)V rrocsw fftryrrti;::
- .' - .
East and South
THE SHASTA ROUTE
Southern Pacific Co.
Express trains leave Portland dally:
tlllfi f. M.
I0:'Jtl r. k.
1(1:15 a. a.
I i r.Han r'ruoeiKt
1 :i r. K
ll'iie shove tntiiiH Htoi ut iill Hlutioiis front
. i'ortlaml to Altmny iiicitiHivcifllKnTnogeiit,
: rllit'ild, tlalsey, rlairlnbiiFK, jimotloli City,
irvintt, I'iiinfme and ull ntatiun fniiu IttiKfl
jiiitrK to Aalilsud inciiteive.
lioselittrg niail-dutly-. '
K:S0 . m. i l,v ..Portland ...Ar. I 4:21) t. M.
ILMi. r. m
f:So p. m
Lv...Alliiiuy Ar. 12:110 r. K.
I Ar...H-i'liurt.. I.v. I 7KIUA.H.
puHseiicer tritinii tlaily (except
ti:' a. a.
0:10 a. v.
4:W P. K.
6M P. X.
Lv. ..Albany Ar,
Lv... Albany Ar.
6:46 f. H.
Dining Cars on Ogden Route.
TYM.MAS IilTt !T fi,KKI"KW8
Bovond ClanH HUjt-pinfj Curs At
: tnched to ull Tlimuglt TraiiiH.
tVt wt Klili- lxtoll.
ItSTll KKS l'OILTI,ASi AMI I 'llllVAI.Ll.
Mull tritlt. tlslly -t'xre,'! Bttntlay):
l:'to a. u.TTjV.Piirtisiiirjir. 8:38 UTi.
I Ar..:l'iirvalli. .l,v. j 1:00 r. ,
- 1 ai Alimu
anil ('nrviillis connect with
truins of Oreftuii 1'ueilic rnilriiuil.
'xireMb train daily except Sunday): -
4:40 p. H, I ,v...iVtlIKl ...Ar, . 8:25 A. . i
I 7: p. M. I Ar.MeMiiiuvillc I.v I 6:S0 A. a. ;
iTHRODGH TICKETS ""Voiu'ts inTii
i Kaaterii States, Can
j adu and Euroiie can lie obtained at lowest
1 rates from I. A. Bennett, BRtmt, Lebanon. '
I K . KOKHIKK. Maiiairor.
E. r. UOCiRItt), Asst. (I. F. k Pass. Axt,
Albany Steam Laimdif
RICHARDS & PHILLIPS, Proprs,
.... , tr
All Orders Receive Promp
.;.... : - . '''',
j Special Rates for
Satisfaction Guaranteed or Money
J. F. HYDE, Agent,