Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 19, 1894)
THIS ALAB.VM INDIANS.
Remnants of the Tribe Looted la
the State of Texas.
Engaged In Agriculture ul lad tlluua
Workers Home of the Qwer
Cnttoau 81IU ta Votue
The remnant of the Alabama tribe,
which migrated to the Trinity river re
gion early in the present century, is a
branch of the Creek nation, and is in
termixed with a few Coshattns and
Muscogees. They speak three differ
ent languages, all evidently dialect of
the Creek, and most of thera under
stand the Mobile tongue, or servile
Choctaw, which, like the French of Eu
rope, was the universal language
among the tribes and their usual means
of communication with the whites.
The remnant of this race, says the
Chicago Tribune, now numbers about
a hundred. Their crops are principally
cultivated for their own use, rather
than for sale. Indian corn is the
principal, although many of them
plant potutoes, and all of them vege
tables, and they usually All their
villages with fruit trees. During the
season of cultivation they remain
' closely at home, working industrious
ly, and hunting only at such times aa
they have leisure from their crops.
"lint when everything 1ms been
gathered and housed, the lost crevice
of their granaries is closed to exclude
light and air as a goardagainst weevil,
then comes the return to Imliuu life
and Indian enjoyment They break up
into hunting parties after the Arab
fashion, taking with them their wivs.
and children, their horses and tents,
and household utensils. They soek the
wild pine forests, away from the settle
ments, and work their way in the dense
canebrakes alorrg the rivers wiiicn
white men rarely if ever penetrate.
They soon fill their camps with game,
and alone with themselves and nature,
ever safe from the intrusion of a supe
rior and conquering race, tiiey enjoy
the realization of Indian life as it wns
before the white man discovered their
country. When weary of tie c'.t '.
or satislled with its results, they n -tun,
to their villages their horse? hiien with
dried meat, deerskins to be drew-ed kr
the market, and bear's oil in i,I;his for
their own use or for sale. These ex
cursions occupy their time until the
season comes for repairing their fences
and making rendy for their i-rnps.
when they nil return home cUeernii
and contented to begin the routine for
Like other Indians they have that
fatal passion for ardent Fpirits which
seems destined to be their extcrmir a
tion. But it is generally kept within
bounds, as they do not drink habitual
ly. A constitutional deprcs ::vm of spir
its, to which they are peculiarly sub
ject, or an overflow of social teeliug-tm
the reunion with friends returning
from their hunting excursions, usually
leads to a debauch. One nfter anoth
er is drawn in and the revel sometime
extends over two or three daya and
nights. When it is over they carefully
efface all traces of their diminution,
dress themselves handsomely, return to
' their usual avocations, and fur a long
time drink nothing intoxicating.
They have a wild, irregular code of
dueling of their own and are always
ready to tnrow away life on a point of
honor, and do it with a coolne. null
indifference which would erieue tite
envy of a white advocate of .tiic crle.
In fact, the.y do not seem tc utvl any
instinctive dread of death. They speak
. of it with as much indifference us of
any future event and meet it apparent
ly without fear or reluctance.
When their crops arc worked to
point of safety theyare willing to help
their white friends. At farm where
thev are kindly treated and vvueru 11
find it agreeable to stay thsy work at
moderate wages, and during the cotton
season give important aid. ' t'uttu
picking is their favorite work. Their
small hands and lithe and agile forma
glide through the eottou without
breaking or otherwise injurir. it. Ay,
they pick by weight and are permitted
to choose their own time of woili, this
leaves them that freedom of actiun
they priise so highly. They pi Ji very
nently and carefully, attend strictly to
the instructions of their cinpbyer.;, and
in this, as in all their relations with the
whites who treat thein kindly, are uni
formly desirous to please.
Etiquette with them requires the wife
to wait on the husband. This rule is
not allowed to bear heavily un the
woman, however. What time t'.ie hmi
band can spare from his ovra peculiar
duties is spent in sharing and lighten
ing tlte luburs of his wife, -And soiue
of them will not permit their wives to
work at all.
LONGEVITY OF NUNS.
BijUira Who Have Ikwn In Bervloe naif
Cloistered nuns, writes a Paris corre
spondent, are said to die early, anil
those active women of the order of St.
Thomas de Vilieneuve, fc. Viaeeni, ih
l'aul and the Augustine sHei'ltouiU te
live to great ages. 1 know a Uei' oi
charity who was enffaged it: Inu ctv.l
eru wards of the Hotel Uijn in 1,""'.
fche refuses to retire from active
service, and has three lirocti volunteered
to attend smallpox patieai daring epi
demics, tiiuter Uorjitie, wharivaisi 'ed
the French military hospital uririuu-iu
the Crimea, lived to a greru n;;c. The
other day the golden woddig of . -i ;Li
llelphino with the order of .St. Vincent
de Faul was celebrated at RomaittTillo.
Hhe was a full year a uovlcu lwfore ;'-'.ie
took the black .veil, and Inn- l-iv fitiy
years a school teacher, Kister Delphine
was thirty ycr:s old when she deter
mined to tiiku the vows. Hy the rnlei.
of tlie order of t:t. Vincent de I'aal the
nun:, are not allowed to umpire ti ex
traordinary virtue through mortuica
' tion. Much efforts 'might feed priji
and cause self righteousness. The
- teaching is that those who v ait t to U
Angela before God eulU Uieni to u
'higher world- are liable to full Uvvvur
tbao ordinary mortals.
' '.. k '" V""' ';- .'.' -
A MUSCULAR SERVANT.
t is Terr Popular Because She Caa
"My wife Is an Invalid and 1b nerv
ous, and a peddler or a book-agent or
canvasser could corral her In the parlor
and talk her into buying anything, she
is so timid, and she would be sick a
week afterward with nervous prostra
tion. Mary, the girl, noticed the in
jury to my wife and she said she would
keep the peddlers out and I told her to
go ahead," quotes the London Tele
graph. The next day, as i went home to
lunch, I met a man coming down the
walk with a portfolio of etchings scat
tered all over the lawn, lie had his
hat jammed down over his nose and his
necktie and collar were banging down
his back and as he came up to me he
said: "Save me. for Heaven s sake!" 1
helped him pickup his etchings from
the wet .grass and I asked him u any
thing had occurred to mar his happi-
"He said he had mistaken that asy
lum for a private residence and had
crawled in when the door was opened
and one of the female, inmates, a most
violent case, had taken him by the
throat and with a power almost super
human, had thrown him out and fright
ened him nearly to death. He asked
me if I were the doctor of the asylum
and said I ought to put the girl in a
straight-jacket He went away quiet
ly with his collar in his band and when
I went in the house Mary and my wife
were laughing very hard, and my wife
was better than I had known her for a
'The other day a man rang the Dell
and Mary went to the door. He was
selling matches and pencils, and was
deaf and dumb. He made signs to
open the screen door, which was
locked, but Mary told him it was not
necessary to open the door, as she
didn't want anything in his line. This
made him mad and he kicked the
screen door and that made Mary mad,
and she opened it and gave him a blow
from the shoulder right on the nose
and he fell backward over the railing
into a pansy bed, striking on his head,
He turned over and on his knees, and
the poor deaf and dumb peddler looked
up to Mary and said in the purest
French: "Howry jabers, woman, yez
must be John L. Sullivan's sisthor!"
and he got up and took his basket over
the fence. No, sir, I wouldn't let Mary
go for twice what I pay for her."
"I wish you would give me the ad
dress of Mary's sister," said the other
man, taking out a pencil and paper.
"If I could get such a girl as that I
would continue to keep house."
The demand for good muscular girls
is increasing and they can get their
EXECUTION OF EMILE FARCY.
Ho Walked Calmly to Bis Death After a
It was during the Franco-Chinese
war that Gmile Farcy, war correspond
ent of La France, was executed, says
the New York Press. Farcy was de
tailed to accompany the army com
manded by Gen. Forgemol, a martinet
in the strictest sense of the word, lhe
general insisted upon Farcy signing an
agreement not to forward any dis
patches without submitting them to
the military authorities, but the cor
respondent protested when he affixed
his signature to the paper and this
aroused the general's suspicions. Next
day Farcy was placed under espionage
and before night dispatches surrepti
tiously sent by him were seized. They
contained many criticisms of the
military and Farcy was at once ar
rested and taken to the general's head
Against the correspondent's protest
the dispatches were read and he was
summarily tried by court-martial.
Farcy declined to defend himself and
the entire proceedings did .not last
more than half an hour. The sentence
was short: - - '
"Emile Farcy, having been found
guilty as charged, is condemned to be
shot at stK in the morning."
It was then midnight, and he was
taken to the capital city of the prov
ince, which was the general bead
quarters of the French army in Ton
quin. The party with the prisoner in
charge arrived there it half-past five.
As they passed the residence of the
governor general the correspondent
observed from the lights in the win
dows and the sounds of music that a
ball was in progress. When the lieu
tenant in charge asked Farcy If he
would like to have a priest sent for he
"No, but I should like to go to the
ball. I should be glad if I could have
one more waltz before I die."
The governor was informed of the
correspondent's request and granted
it, the official's own daughter being
elected as the partner for the jour
nalist's last waltz. At six o'clock the
lieutenant touched the correspondent's
"The file is waiting," said the sol
dier. "Let us go," said the Journalist
Then he saluted the dancers and ten
minutes later his skull was crushed
with rifle balls. Farcy would not allow
his eyes to be bandaged and himself
gave the word to fire.
A Unique Lottery Record.
A Japanese student living in Brook
lyn has bad some curious news from
his home in Nikko. It appears that bis
cousin has won the first prize in a gov
ernment lottery, and, by so doing, has
been sent abroad to travel for ten years,
with a handsome allowance, which is
to be paid him every three months by
one of the most substantial banks in
Japan. If he returns to Japan for
more than one month in each year he
forfeits the allowance, and It is also
stipulated that at least half of the time
spent abroad must be in the various
countries In Europe. The second prize
was five years' travel, and the third
prize one year's travel, on the same al
lowance, but the conditions were that
all the time must be spent In Europe.
This certainly Is the most unique lot
tery on -news)) mm mm mm
. A WAR FOR LIFE,
Straggles of Uw 1ml Inn Is PerpetueM
Whatever the Indian has been In the
past, and in spite of his present condi
tion deplorable as It certainly Is our
nation lias still some time left to deal
with these people honorably and just
ly, as It is the duty of a God-fearing
people to do, writes W. Thornton Park
er, M. I)., In Home and Country. They
will respond In time, but It Is not to be
wondered at if they seem Incredulous
at first It is wicked to condemn them
as beasts fit ouly for extermination; Im
prove them, educate them. Thin can be
done by dealing justly with them. No
words of mine can sufficiently condemn
the cowardly saying "that the only
good Indian is a (latt Indian!"
An Austrian omcer once said to me
that he considered the British soldiers
the bravest on the face of the earth
because "you cannot conquer thorn or
whip them, you mutt kill thm." It Is so
with'Onr Indians, they neither give nor
ask for quarters; this Is easily under
stood when we consider how they have
always been situated.
It has been with them a war for life,
a struggle for existence, and disputes
have always been settled, man-fashion,
on the field of battle.
Those who know most about our na
tive Americans (our so-called Indians)
respect them most; those who have
lived longest with them love them
most; the most brutal and cowardly of
our frontiersmen hate them most, and
they have reason to do so. Indian char
acter is contradictory. They are brave,
but cautious and generous; dashing in
attack, stubborn In defense; enduring,
patient, stoical, hardy; fond of feast
ing, but ready for days of marching
and fighting, with scarcely any nour
ishment, alert, unforgiving when
wronged, revengeful, cruel and treach
erous in war; loving as friends, indul
gent and affectionate as parents; sym
pathetic in adversity, eloquent in coun
sel; by nature deeply and truly re
Our native red Americans, unlike
those of New Mexico and Central and
South America, are believers in God,
although they call Him the "Great
Spirit." They are absolutely free from
profanity and hypocrisy. In short,
thoy are the noblest race of aborigines
on the face of the earth.
SIGNING THE DECLARATION.
Bothersome Files Expedited the Impor
Jefferson was fond of telling a story
which illustrates In a forcible manner
the importance that absurdly lnsi:
nificant matters may sometimes as
sume, says the Philadelphia Press.
When the deliberative body that gave
the world the declaration of .inde
pendence was In session its proceed
ings were conducted in a hall close to
winch was situated a livery stable.
The weather was warm, and from the
stable came swarms of flies that
lighted on the legs of the honorable
members, and, biting through the thin
silk stockings then in fashion, gave in
finite annoyance. It was no uncommon
sight, said Jefferson, to see a member
making a speech with a large hand
kerchief in hand and pausing at even'
moment to thrash the flies from hi
thinly-protected calves, The opinion
of the body was not unanimous in
favor of the document, and, under
other circumstances, discussion might
have been prolonged for days, if not
weeks, but the flies were Intolerable.
Efforts were made to find another hall
free from the pests, but in vain. As
the weather became wanner the flici
grew worse, and the flapping of hand
kerchiefs was heard all over the hall
as an accompaniment to the voices of
the speakers. In despair, at but some
one suggested that matters be hurried
so that the body might adjourn and
get away from the flies. There wore
a few mild protests, but no one heeded
them, the Immortal declaration was
hurriedly eopled, and, with handker
chiefs in hand, fighting the flies si
they came, the members hastened up to
the table to sign the authentic copy
and leave the flies In the lurch. Had
1) not been for the livery stable and its
inmates there is no telling when the
document would have been completed,
but it certainly would not have been
signed on the Fourth.
SUBJUGATION OF WILD CATTLE,
How It Was Accomplished by Primitive
The first and simplest use made of
the animals from which man derives
strength appears to have been brought
about by the subjugation of wUdoattle
the bulls and buffaloes.
Several wild varieties of the bovine
tribe were originally widely dissemi'
nated in Europe and Asia, and these
forms must have been frequent objects
of chase by the ancient hunters. Al
though In their adult state these ani
mals were doubtless originally intract
able, the young were mild-mannered
and, as we can readily conceive, must
often have been led captive to the
abodes of the primitive people-
As is common with all gregarious
animals which have long acknowledged
the authority of their natural herds.
men, the dominant males of their tribe,
these creatures lent themselves to do
Even the first generation of the cap
tives reared by hand probably showed
a disposition to remain with their mas
ters, and in a few generations this na
tive impulse might well have been so
far developed that the domestic herd
was established, affording perhaps at
first only flesh and bides, and leading
the people who made them captives to
a nomadic life, that constant search for
fresh fields and pastures new which
characterizes people who are supported
by then- flocks and herds.
An Englishman and. a Scotchman
were walking in the fields together.
"Humph!" said the Englishman, "oats
are very well in their way. Now in
England we feed them t horses, but
hero your men eat ttiem." "Ay. KT
suid the Scotchman, "And Jus, sae
what fine horses thera era In Euirland.
and )wtM 4iir
When you want to buy n suit of ninth
Ingyou will save money by gelling
it at Bach's.
When you want a new. hat don't fr
ft Pugh and Muiisvy. They have the
Hiram Baker's big invoice of boots
and shoes will arrive this week direct
from the East.
J. E. Adeox, agent for this Albany
uteam liuudry, sends wushlngs down
on Tuesdays only.
' Those who patronize Pugh & Mutmey
always get the best there is in the mar
ket; at lowest prices.
The beat 'groceries and furnishing
goods at the Invt est prices at Pugh A
Munsey's. Try them. :
Pugh and Munsey have Just received
new line of furnishing goods, price
them before buying elsewhere.
These hard times we want losuve till
we can, but of course we have to eut,
still you will save some by getting your
groceries at 8. P. Bueh's.
Hiram Baker is receiving a big In
voice of calicoes and shirting slid so
forth direct from the Emit
Go to Hiram Baker's for your hnp-
plcklng supplies. Remember lie ent
ries a full line of grorerlcw, ilr.vgnoils,
boots, shoes, hots and clothing.
Every cash purchaser of $10 worth of
goods at 8. P. Baolis store gels a cm vim
portrate ot themselves or freind free.
See sample of work in bis window.
A. E. Ansorge Is uow ready to do
any repairing of organs, having had
long experience In first-clans fHclnrles.
Will guarantee satisfaction. Lclmiiui),
BlnoM. WestHlveNo. I.L.O.T. M.
will admit members Into the order for
13.26 for the next sixty days from Aug.
1st 1894. Alice Hydk, 11. K.
It you want to buy, sell, or tiude a
farm, town lot, horses, cows in fact
anything, call nu Peterson & Utu
phrey, and they will find you a deal If
there is one to be found.
If you want to go East write or cull
on W. C. Peterson, local ugetit of the
Northern Pacific R. It. Co., nt Lebanon
Oregon, for your tickets. The rates are
low, and accommodations are not ex
celled by any road running east.
Place your Insurance with Peterson &
Uniphrey. They represent a uunibor
of reliable companies that pay when
there la a loss, ana ao uot Keep you
waiting for your money.
Exciting Bear Hunt.
Grant Arehart has about all the
bear hunt he wants for a time. Lrst
Friday he went out li. the woods near
Florence with a gentleman' named
Fisk to hunt bear. They hod ictue
dogs along and the dogs hud been
Chasing a bear for same time, Arehart
with gun in hand was creeping through
the brush on his hands and knees
when he suddenly came upon n big
bear, which was not more tliiin ten
feet from him. He quickly drew his
gun and fired three times at the bent,
but ouly succeeded in wounding him.
The bear at once pou iced iiii him,
and he then drew his knife and com
menced slashing at the lienr hut wtis
unable to slay him. In the sen die the
bear broke Arehart's left urni In two
places, aud stiuek liliu on the back of
the head with bis paw unci nearly
scalped him. About tills time the
dugs came up and attacked lhe bear
and thus saved the life of Arehurt.
who in a few minutes more would
have had the worst of the fight. The
bear soon died from the wound In
flicted by Arehart, but lived long
enough to have killed the hunter bad
the dogs not come to his rescue
Arehart had strength enough to crawl
out and And his wuy back home mid
ill be laid up for repairs for several
weeks. Eugene Register.
A Big Suit.
I. L. Campbell has lustltuted stilt
in the circuit court against J. E. No-
land for the recovery of the sum of
(3,856.71. The complaint ullcgcs that
from January 7, 1882, to July 27, 1894,
while the defendant was sheriff of this
county, the plaintiff performed ser-
vioes for him in the way of legul publi
cations to the amount of $4,3(10. He
has received from him but $704.80 and
a good portion of this was in the way
of receipts for taxes, leaving a balance
due the plaintiff of 3,65fi.71, 0.
Dorrie Is attorney far the plaintiff.
$ioo Reward, $ioo.
The resdencoi this paper will be pleaded
learn that there is at leant one dreitded dis
ease that science has been ahe to cure in
sll its utases, end that is Catarrh. Hall's
Catarrh (lure Is the only positive cure
known to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
being s constitutional diseano, requires a
constitutional treatment. Hall's (.'uturrh
Cure is taken Internally, acting iHreclly on
the blood and mucous surface of the sys
tem, thereby destroying tlio foundation of
the deseoue, and giving the patient stroiiKtli
by building up the constitution niuU.t.
big so much faith n U vumttve powers,
that they ofter One Hundred Dollars for
any caw that It tolls to cure. Send for list
of testimonials. Address:
F. J. Cup.nkv 4 Co., Toledo, 0,
nr-8old by l)nitgists,79e,
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
Fall Term Commences September 24th.
Normal, College, Preparatory,
Business, Primary and
Circular Containing Full Information regarding
Tuition, Courses of Study, Text-Books, Etc., Cheer
fully Mailed on Application.
The Two Leaders of the World !
VICTOR and RAMBLER.
Send for catalogues.
Write for bargains in second-hand and '93 wheelB.
C HAS. A. SEARS.
Also soe Chas. M, Andhiison, at the Expuehs Office.
A. H. CRUSON
If you wish to obtain the best
returns from your advertiBemcnts
tl e important fact that
The Lebanon Express
will gi"e tl)0 duajrod results, un it
Is The Best
in Linn County.
Ladies' Coats and Jackets.
I aid now receiving my full and
winter stock of ladles, misses and
children's garmotits. These goods
were bought for cash and inolude nov
elties and staples of the latest patterns.
Cull ami tec them.
gAWIHI. E. Yovno,
Or, Price's Cream Baking Powder
AwnM Mi IU MMwlatvr Mr, sin PrmuM,
. 1 1 11 .
A. RANDLE, Principal,
- - - - - OREGON.
East and South
THE SHASTA ROUTE
Southern Pacific Co.
ICxpreas trains loave Portland ilslly:
:lf. p. h. 1 L'
4:21 A, St'
10:ffl p. m, U,
iMhuiii-.. A r
10:16 A. M. Ar.Ban KroncbicoLv
I he above trains stop at sll sutluns from
Fjirt land to Albany Inolusivejalso Tangent,
Hlieilil, llaisey, llorrishurs, Junction City
Irvmir, Kngcno and all stations from Rote.
Imr to Ashland inclusive.
lioacburgroall dally t
'8:30 a. sTl l.v.:portiiHV...Xr
I:46r. m. I.v.,.Albany Ar.
6:tj)r. . Ar,Riobiirg..I,v.
4:20 r. at.
12:30 r. at.
passenger trains-daily (except
1:30 r. u.
2:00 p, m.
8:10 A. K,
0:00 A. M.
Lv... Albany Ar.
l.v. Albany Ar,
8:21) r. K.
Dining Cars on Ogden Reje
Second-CW',, sleeping Cars At
tttV, to all Through Trains.
Went Bide Division.
Bm BSD POKIXAND AMD CoilVAU.ll,
.l1"1! troin dally (except Sunday):
7:30 A. at. LO'ortland ,UrTiJTE
12:16 r, . Ar,Curyollis, ,U, i:oo P. M,
At Albanv and Corvellls connect with
trains of Oregon Pacific railroad.
Rxires train riallyjexcept Bnnilayt;
"4:40 f. M.1 i.v...I'ortlalid ...Ar. 8tlT
JMjAnlnnvIlle hv 6 :H y JJ,
THROUGH TICKETS Tott" i"1"1" ln ,u
r.nsiern Diaies, UaO
silo and Europe can be obtained at lowest
nires from I. A. Bennett, agent, Lebanon.
II. KOEHI.KK, Mansnr.
E. P. HOQ HUB, Asst. 0. F. & Past. "gt.
jr. Prl :e s Cream Baking Powder
War id' Fair HIjIicetAweMI,