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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (July 3, 1891)
He who thinks to please the World is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind.
LEBANON, OREGON, FltlDAY, JULY 3. 1891.
W. B. DONAGA,
Groceries and Provisions,
Cigars, Tobacco, Furnishing Goods,
First-Class Goods at Reasonable Prices.
GIVE ME A TRIAL AND BE CONVINCED.
Country Produce Taken in. Exchange for
" .' Goods.
KEEP ON HANI)
Shingles, Posts, Boards and Pickets.
V. C. Peterson,
"A otary Public.
PETERSON & GARLAND,
Real Kstate Brokers
. HAVE ON HAND
In Large and Small Farms. Best Fruit
tne oria. lmprovea ana i nimprovea jana, mm per Acre ana up.
Satisfaetien Guaranteed. Have on hand some CHOICE CITY
PROPERTY, Residence and Business. Bargains
in all Additions to the Town.
Houses Rented and Farms Leased.
London A Liverpool & Globe Insurance Co.
Guardian Assurance Co., of London.
Oakland Home Insurance Co.. of Oakland, Cal.
State Insurance Co., of Salem, Oregon.
" Farmers' and Merchants Ins. Co., of Salem
Collections Receive Prompt Attention.
pleasure in giving our patrons all information desired in our Une of business.
DR. C. H. DUCKETT,
D E N T I ST
J. K. WEATHERFORD,
ATTORNEY- AT - LAW.
Office over First National Bank.'
JLBANV, ..... OREGON.
W. R. PILYEU,
ATTORNEY- AT- LAW.
A L R A X YO It KG ( V.
J. L. COWAN.
J. H. B ALSTON
Bank of Lebanon,
Transacts a General Banking Business.
ACCOUNTS KEPT SUBJECT TO
Exchange sold on New York, San
rancifcco, Portland and Albany, Org
Collections made on favorable terms
G. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Provisions.
Tobacco and Cigars,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
Queensware and Glassware, Lamps and
PAY CASH FOR EGGS.
Main Stwset. . IlMwion, Oregon
ED. KELLEXBERGER, Prop!
Fresh & Saltbd Beef, Pork, Mut
ton, Sausage, Bologna & Ham.
BACON AND LARD ALWAYS OH HAND
Mate 8Us( UhMiM. Org.
A STOCK OF
Sam'i.' M. Garlaxij
Land in Valley. Finest Grain Ranches In
Notary Business a Specialty. We take
EAST AND SOUTH
Southern Pacific Route.
THE MOUNT SHASTA ROUTE.
EXPRESS TBAES8 LEAVE PORTLAKD DAILY :
7 AO P. M. I
10 :23 P.M. I
10 aS A-M.
Portland Ar I 9: A. H.
Albany Arl:15 A. X.
Ban Francisco Lv J 9 SX) P. M.
Above trains stop only at the following stations
norm 01 Boaenurg: oai roixiajiu, uiwunn
Woodburn. Salem. Albany. Tangent. Shedds,
HXIsey, Harrisbura, Junction Ctiy, Irving and
RoMbnrg Mall Imlly.
8 :00 A. M. I Lv Portland Ar 4fl0 P. M.
12 :20 P. M. 1 Lv Albauy Ar j 12 HX) M.
6 :40 P. M. f Ar Roaeburg Ivj afl l. M.
Albany Local lally (Except Bonday.)
5 0 P. If . I Lv Portland Ar 9 :00 A. M.
9 KM) P. M- I Ar Albany i-v 5 K)0 A. M
Local Passenger Trains Daily Except
2 :3 P. M. Lv Albany Ar j 9 :25 A. H "
2:2b P. M. Ar Lebanon Lv 8:40 A. M
t :30 A. M. I Lv Albany Ar 4 :X P. M
8 .-22 A. M. Ar Lebanon Lv 3 :40 p. M
PULLMAN BUFFET SLEEPERS.
tourist Sleeping Cars
For accommodation of Second-Claw Passengers.
attached to Express trains.
WEST SIDE DIVISION.
BETWEEX PORTLAND AND CORVALLIS
Mall Train Daily (Except Sunday.)
At Albany and CorvalUs connect with trains o
Oregon Faclnc Kallroad.
b Train Dally Except Sunday.)
Af-Thronffh tickets to all points East and South.
For ticket and full Information regarding
rates, maps, etc., can on vob agent auDanon.
K. KOEULEK, K- 1. ROGERS,
Manager. Asst . F. & P. Agt
I. R. BORUM.
A Good Shave, Shampoo, Hair
Uut, Uleanea or Dressed.
Hot and Cold Baths at all Hours.
Children Kindly treated. Cal land see me.
R. L. McCLURE
(Successor to C. H. Harmon.)
Barber : and : Hairdresser.
Shaving, Haircutting and Shampoo
ing in the Latest ana nest style, espec
ial attention paid to dressing Ladies1
hair. Your patronage respectfully so-icited.
Labor Union News.
Three thousand architectural metal
workers in Chicago struck June 15 for
au eight-hour day and an increase in
Seven bunded Jewish and Russian .
tailors in Philadelphia are out on
Thousand: of female employes of
London lauudries struck June 18 for
an eight-hour day and eighty cents.
They smashed the windows of non
union laundries, dragged out women
who wanted to remain at work and
laughed at the efforts of the police.
The Iowa coal miners strike failed
and the men have gone back to work
on the old terms. At Dunreph and
Angus eight hours were granted with
out a strike.
After the btg British coal ship
Hounslow, which has been engaged
for several months in carrying coal
from Nanalmo to San Diego, was dis
charged and ready to sail June 17 the
Coast Seamens union got her crew,
who had signed contracts for two
years at $25 a month, to desert, and
representatives of the union patrolled
the wharves and constantly rowed
back and forth ia boats to prevent
the shipment of a non-union crew.
June 19 Captain Norman had se
cured a boatload of men, and while
passing from the wharf to the steamer
three shots were fired at them by the
pursuing members of the union, but
no damage was done. "While making
another trip the captain was beset by
a number of desperate 'longshoremen,
and but for the presence of a squad of
police with drawn revolvers he would
undoubtedly have been seriously in
jured or killed.
When he reached the vessel he had
the anchor weighed and the steamer
went down the harbor to Ballast
point, where several more non-union
seamen were taken on board, they
having been driven to that point in a
wagon to escape the pickets of the
union at the wharf. After drilling the
new men until noon next day the
steamer sailed, leaving the strikers in
San Diego minus about$2000 in wages ;
which by the strike they hare for
feited. At the coal mines of Spring Valley,
III., after a settlement was made,
about the middle of May, the men
worked a week and then struck on
account of an arbitrary order requir
ing them to remain down in the mine
until 5 p. m., and another grievance
respecting screens on which the coal
passes before it is weighed. The
screens had been changed from flat
to diamond bars and more nut coal
passed through, which was a loss to
the miner. The men quit on May 25.
June 19 the general manager re
ceived a letter from W. L. Scott, pres
ident of the coal company, instructing
him to rescind the obnoxious order
and offering to submit the screen
question to a board of arbitration.
He also offers in the letter to make a
semi-monthly pay day. All these
points are concessions to the men and
a settlement of the trouble seems
A Patriotic Rebuke.
Henri F. Emeric of San Francisco
who, with his invalid wife, physician
and attendants went to Liverpool by
the Inman Bteamer City of New York,
administered a cutting rebuke to the
captain of that vessel for a studied
insult to the United States. After a
concert was held for charitable pur
poses a vote of thanks was tendered
Captain Lewis. In respondinghe said
the entertainment would conclude by
singing "God Save the Queen " and
"The Star-Spangled Banner," and
then, checking himself, said : "Oh, I
forgot; I regret to say that there are
no copies of The Star-Spangled Ban
ner aboard this ship, therefore we
Bhall omit it on this occasion."
A murmer of disapproval echoed
through the saloon. At last Emeric
arose and said: "I protest against
this. I have crossed the Atlantic on
this vessel twenty times, and on each
trip that same excuse for not singing
our American national air has been
made by the captain. I think that
even if it be true there are no
copies of the song aboard there is a
sufficient number of Americans pres
ent who know the song to sing it, and
if, indeed, there are nocopieson board,
here is $20 to start a fund to buy some,
so that the ship shall be no longer
left in such a destitute condition.
At the same time Mr. Emeric indig
nantly threw down on the table a $20
gold piece. This patriotic example
was enthusiastically followed, till the
cabin table resembled the Tranby
Croft baccarat layout.
Frank Albracht, a merchant of
Forest Hill, arrived at Sacramento
June 18th, accompanied by his two
boys, and stopped at a hotel. In the
evening he left on the train with the
little ones and rode to the outskirts
of the city, where all three alighted.
They proceeded down the railroad
track, however, and walked all the
way to Brighton Junction.
About 1 o'clock the next morning
Albracht applied at the residence of a
rancher named Bidwell for admission,
and when the door was opened he
pushed his way into the house, struck
a match and began looking for a
lamp. Ho told the astonished rancher
to "tell the boys to come in," but be
fore the request could be complied
with the two little worn-out tots
stumbled into the door, one of them
exclaimed that he was "afraid of the
dogs." Bidwell saw that the man
was insane, and objected to him re
maining there ; so Albrachtpcalied his
boys, and they spent the remainder
of the night in the high grass of the
neighboring field. Albracht returned
to Sacramento and was arrested
The state floral society has passed
resolutions indorsing the demand
that horticulture and viticulture
should be separated In the exhibits In
the world's fair.
Mrs. Josenh A. Winninirer of Wood
land drowned herself at Santa Cruz
while despondent, nobody knows why.
An electric railroad from San Jose
to Redwood City is proposed.
The state controller refuses to draw
warrants for the appropriation to
encourage ramie culture and the
superior court nas sustained mm. xne
ramie people will appeal to the
supreme court. . - . -
Southern California has more
potatoes than the i ail roads can carry
or eastern consumers eaL .
Thft nrnrt of evervthlnff is so trreat
that it Is impossible to get hands to
harvest It and grain fields and orchards
are suffering and much fruit will rot
wnere it grew ior wanioi neip to pieK
it. Inexperienced hands can eet $30
a month in all parts of the state, al
At Sutter Creek the other day B.
Unbolt, one of the oldest citizens of
the place, was found hanging by the
necK in tne oasemencoi nis resiuenee.
He was well-to-do, had a family of
three daughters and a happy home.
and no cause has been assigned for
Alameda city has fixed the price of
liquor licenses at $500 and provided
that no license shall be granted until
a majority of the householders living
within 600 feet sign the application ;
that no saloon shall be within 100 feet
of the entrance of a public school, and
that no saloon shall be conducted in
connection with a grocery store or
CONTRA COSTA COUNTY.
A passenger train and a gravel train
were wrecked in a collision at Port
Costa June 15 and William J. Jordan,
head brakeman of the gravel train,
and W. A. Spurgeon, a mail clerk,
W. R. Dwyer, a Selma lawyer, has
deserted his wife and children and
A wild man dressed in skins and
with a Ion or white beard has f ricrhtened
alt the Chinese shepherds out of the
neignoornooa oi xainarac aieauowa,
in Kintr's river can von. They think
he is a devil. White men think he is
an escaped lunatic, but have been
unable to capture him.
The Fresno citv school census did
nofcshow enough children and it is to
be taken over again.
Etnmett Irwin attempted to assault
the voung wife of Andrew Fuller on
the Enterprise colony. Fuller gave
him a fearful beating and Irwin ned,
Charles Stewart, a farmer, built fl
new house four mites west of Fresno.
He had been lavincr carnets in it and
sat down to rest, June 18. While he
sat there a mattress in the room began
to blaze. Investigation showed that
a lamp reflector on the wall had
thrown the sun's rays on the mattress
and fired it. Had not Stewart chanced
to be in the room at the time his house
would have been destroyed by
Edward Cavanaugh was killed by a
fall at tne eeal mock nmitnouse
William Connors was caught in the
apparatus of the donkey engine at
tne jsewoury mm, jtonnervuie, i une
18, and Killed.
LOS ANGELES COUNTY.
Justice Morris and Constable Mays
of Lancaster were the only ones who
dared pursue llony Crane, J . U. JUteh
line and W. H. Lewis, horse thieves.
so they took their rifie3 and after a
hunt of two days caught the thieves
and tooK tnem to jail.
John Houghmount, a bricklayer at
Los Angeles, went insane on reading
the advertisement of a " microbe
killer" and imagines himself full of
microbes. After taking nineteen
gallons of the dubious mixture he has
been adjudged insane.
Santa Monica imposed a $6 license
on insurance agents ami tne com
panies have eiven notice of a rise of
20 per ctnt in rates if the order is not
Peter Taylor's house in Los Angeles
was burned June l!th, and his son
J miles, 32 years old and weak minded
perished in the flames.
David Penwell blew up a tree wiili
dynamite at Bear Harbor and it fell
on mm ana Kiiiea mm.
Elbert Hale ha been convicted of
the murder of Mrs. Lottie McDowell
at Cottonwood last January. The
penalty is fixed at life imprisonment,
Ten yachts anchored off Marin is
land, near San Rafael. June 21. and
their occupants had a clambake, but
they set the grass on fire and the
island was soon in names ana tney
had to ny for their lives.
Charles Howes fatally shot Edward
W. Wagner, a drug clerk, at Monte
rey, June 20, because Wagner refused
to sell mm ten cent s wortn oi mor
phine on credit.
George Lang's distillery at Napa
has been seized for defrauding the
Oliver S. Lower, a bachelor farmer
of Newcastle, advertised for a wife.
Miss Ella Ustell of Kentucky an
swered his appeal and they became
engaged. She arrived at Sacramento
June 17 and they met for the first
time. They were married the next
A fire the other day- consumed the
hotel of P. R. Welch at Longville, and
the outhouses and buildings aojacentj
causing an uninsured loss of $4000.
Charles Lewis, aged 14, was drowned
while bathing at Sacramento J une lb.
John Ryan, James Smith and Joseph
Tiowmi v have ?nne to the state prison
for five years for robbing James Maple
in a Sacramento saloon.
SAN DIEGO COUNTY.
The Oceanside railroad office was
robbed June 17 and several watches
and other valuables belonging to the
express company were taken.
The San Diego chamber of com
merce is trying to raise a bonus of
$200,000 for an Iron and steel plant
with a capacity of 100 tons a day to be
located on San Diego bay.
Warrants were promptly issued for
the arrest of the members of the Coast
Seamen's Union, who committed a
murderous assault on Pilot Dill and
non-union seamen bound for the boy
cotted steamer Hownslow.
SAW FRANCISCO COUNTY.
James Ballenger was cruelly beating
with a wagon spoke a small boy who
had annoyed him June 17 at the foot
of Seventh street when Peter Gal
lagher, aged 17, interfered and struck
Ballenger with hfs fist. Ballenger
thereupon shot Gallagher through the
Petal u ma creek is to be dredged at
once from the town railroad to the
steamer Gold's warehouse.
BAN JOAQUIN COUNTT.
Supervisor Otto Grunsky was dis
pleased at comments of the Stockton
Mail on his conduct and when he and
Editor E. L. Colnon met June 17 he
knocked Colnon down. When the
editor got up Grnnsky handed him
his hat and cane "and, the dispatch
says, " the trouble was at an end."
More wells are beinsr bored atStock-
ton for gas for light and fuel.
John C. YouDor was found dead In
his mining tunnel near Siena City,
having been killed by a eave.
SANTA CRUZ COUNTY.
Track Walker O'Brien of Wricht's
got drunk and was robbed of $3-r0 by
four men June 19. -
The Oakdale water works have been
b u rued.
An accidental explosion at Mc-
Dou gall's camp June 17 fractured one
man s skuu, oroKe anotner s arm ana
Injured half a dozen others.
Thirty of A. Walton s dairy cows at
Red Bluff were killed by poison
spread on the feed In a field of corn
The Kawe&h eolnv leased patents
to certain sections of land within the
national park, and on these it will
probably be permitted to run sawmills
provided satisfactory arrangements
can be made with the government for
right-oi-way to and from them.
J. W. Richards, ased 76. committed
suicide in the county hospital June 16.
The Alertno and Eusenada stage
was robbea June aotn by two masKeu
men, wno got only
Lieutenant Robinson and four of
thecoew of the revenue cutter Bear
and A. C. Moore of the Russell Mount
St. Elias party have been drowned
wuiie iryiug lo maite a lammig in ivy
S. H. Romans, a commission mer
chant and manufacturers' agent at
Y.-incouver, has been arrested for ob
taining money by raise pretenses.
Whisky and women caused Robert
Fool to snoot ntmseiF at nnosnone,
Daniel Harrington was probably
fatally injured in a fall from a buggy
A dozen men have been killed by
Apaches within nve months and
general raid by them is anticipated.
James B. Hiler, who killed Dr. C.
L. Mason because of gossip about
him and Mrs. Hiler at Kingston, has
been sent to the penitentiary for
William Hubbard blew his head off
with a pistol at Kingston June 18 be
cause he had been mixed up in the
Portland's $56,500 of 6-per-cent
thirty-year refunding bonds sold for
To secure a bonus of $6000 offered
by the people some eastern parties
are considering the establishment of
a $20,000 plant for manufacturing a
combined pulverizer, seeder ana
A blacksmith at Monument named
Churchill shot and killed his assistant
aud fled. A German stranger over
took him on the road and Churchill,
thinking he belonged to a pursuing
posse, snot ana Kiuea mm, too.
A stallion kicked and killed William
Curtis in Tillamook county and tore
him in pieces and ate part of him.
The Young Men's Municipal league
of Portland, encouraged by the vic
tory of the citizens' ticket iu the
recent city election, have determined
to circulate a petition asking for the
removal of Chief of Police S. B. Parish,
a leorganization of the police force, a
withdrawal of the fire department
from politics, the prohibition of
gambling and prostitution. and the
closing of saloons on Sunday.
Spokune Falls will bond for $1,200,
000. A masked man robbed the Wenat
chie and ELlensburg stage, securing a
lot of registered letters, June 16.
The hop vines are covered with lice.
Fears are entertained that they will
destroy the crop. Ezner Meeker of
Puyallup, an extensive grower, says
they are the same aphides found on
willows and are doing no harm to tixe
Taylor Stark, who killed Neil
Bloomstran, at Seattle, when Bloom
stran attempted to prevent his paying
attentions to Miss Chestie Bloom
stran, has bee n acq u i tted and has
Frank Salvo has been arrested at
Bucoda for a murder committed in
Six of the soldiers accused of the
lynching of Hunt at Walla Walla have
been tried and acquitted, but they
must still undergo a court-martial.
John Canvinska killed himself with
strychnine at Prescott, June 21.
'William G. Forsyth of Fresno has
been appointed chief of the horticul
tural department of the world's fair.
Seabright, N. J., was nearly de
stroyed by fire June 16. About 400
buildings were burned. Loss $500,000.
Western Kansas is exnerinr-fnir an
irrllfatiOD boom arid htindrerln rtf
thousands of dollars of Investments
have been made. Storage reservoirs
for dry seasons are in the programme. :
A. M. FoRter Jr. of Tn AnlM wna :
drowned June 16 while bathing at
Troy, N. T., where he was a student
in Rensselaer polytechnic institute.
At Ceilna, O. June 18. two men
assaulted Mary Price. Her brother!
responded to her cries and the men
shot him dead and escaped.
The town of Ottawa. III., war hndlv
damaged June 18 by a flood caused I
by a cloudburst.
The recent noteworthy attemnt tn
prohibit women from wearing tights
In Minnesota came at last to grief.
This was probably owing to the vig- !
orous intellectual writings of one of j
the brightest women in the state who
suggested that the law be changed, 1
making the fine and penalty rest on
men who attend the performances.
A bridtre at La Junta. Col., broke
down as a train was passing over it
June 19, and Charles Wilkerson was
drowned A. J. Bliss and his four chil
dren were seriously injured.
Grasshoppers are doint? much dam
age in Otter Tail and Marshal coun
At Newburg, N. Y. a trirl is under
arrest for horse stealiug. She
will also be charged with arson and
murder. Within three months she is
said to have married an old farmer,
uurneu aown nis nouse and Darn and
roasted his weak-minded son to death
!n the fire, and wound up bv nmninp
off with a livery team aud surrey and
uouiuk biiem ior uiuor uorses ana a
Kansas has an eiirht-hour law. The
directors of the penitentiary refused
to obey it, stating that it does not
apply to that institution, and the attorney-general
is about to begin pro
ceedings to enforce it.
A fearful storm of wind and rain
passed over the vicinity of Osceola,
Kan., June 20, and destroyed nouses
and crops. Several lives were lost.
A libel action has been brought by
ParnelTs secretary, Campbell, against
the Cork Herald for stating that while
other members of parliament were
attending? to their duties Campbell
was hiring houses for immoral pur- j
poses for Parnell in Dublin. i
Jewish refugees from Russia are
going to Congo in considerable num- j
Wholesale executions of persons
suspected of disloyalty to Hippolyte,
without trial, continue, and all Hayti
experiences a reign of terror.
Lord Brook, son of the earl of War
wick, has sued for divorce on the
ground of his wife's criminal intimacy
with the prince of Wales.
A passenger train plunged through
a bridge In the canton of Basle,
Switzerland, and 150 people were
killed and hundreds more were in
jured. Gold has fallen from 943 premium
to 280 in the Argentine republic.
Dispatches from Odessa say that
many Baptists and Stundists have
been banished from Caucasus and de
prived of their children
All the cordage works in Canada
have been purchased by the National
Cordage company of New York.
A waterspout in the mountains at
the Concepcion silver mine, San Luis
Potosi, killed twentv-three persons,
injured several and disabled the min
By the bursting of the Martell glacier
1200 feet thick, behind Zufallfarner, in
theTvrol, June 18, a lake 80 feet deep,
1000 feet long and 350 feet wide was
released anil the valley below flooded,
causing great damage but no loss of
The opposition, including sixteen
labor delegates, have a good majority
in the new parliament of New Soutq,
The British government opposed a
clause in the factory bill prohibiting
the employment of children under 11
in factories and was defeated, the
amendment being adopted June 18
by a vote of 902 to 186.
More trouble is feared at Samoa.
Sixty earthquake shock were exper
ienced throughout the province of
Bengal June 18th, and many build
ings were destroyed.
The Arabs in Yerman have again
defeated the Turkish troops and cut
the telegraph lines.
Anastasuis, the Turkish brigand,
who recently wrecked a train and
held several of the passengers till he
got $40,000 ransom, paid by the Ger
man government, has been captured.
Emperor William lectured his
uncle, the Prince of Wales, about his
f ambling exploits and the prince is
uffy, so William may postpone his
intended visit to England.
A large amount of the Pope's funds
: has been lost by the failure of Italian
banks and parties to whom it had
been loaned, and Leo is cutting down
the expenses of the Vatican.
Han ford Burned.
The business part of Hanford was
almost entirely destroyed by fire June
19. The principal losses are as fol
lows: D. C. Hubbard, $700, insured
for $500; Joseph Schell, jeweler, $400,
insured ; the Kutner Goldstein com
pany, $20,000, fully covered; Simon
Manasse & Co., damage to brick build
ing and general merchandise, $2000,
fully covered ; Frank Sharpless, un
completed two-story building, $10,000,
insured for $10,000 ; John Bruner, new
brick building, two stories, stock of
harness, $10,000, insured for $7500 ; C.
Jacobs, frame building, $600, insured
for $500; W. R. McQuiddy, frame
building; J. M. Dagg, frame build
ing, $2000, insured for $1000; Daggs
& Landes, butchers, fixtures and stock
$2500, insured for $1200; C. M. Smith,
a brick and a frame building and
stock of furniture, $8000, insured for
$5100; Renoefer, brick building, $2000,
insured for $1700; A. Weiner & Co.
$6000, insured ; the Porter-Mickle
brick building, $2000, insured for
$2000; Mickle & Pugh, butchers, fix
tures and stock, insured for $500 ; B.
J. Turner, Grand Central hotel, $10,-
000, insured for $8000; Mrs. M. L.
Trewitt, millinery, $200, insured for
$500; Mills & Snow, frame building,
$1000, Insured for $500 ; Jacob Troseh,
bakery, stock, $500, insured for $300
Tyre & Russell, plumbers, stock,
$1600, insured for $1000 ; the Stanford
Development Company Hotel Artesia,
$50,000, insured for $25,000; John B.
Gardiner, furniture, $1000, and saloon
stock, $2000, insured for $1000. In
surance covers three-fourths of the
The KIub"s Uanghters.
The second annual convention of
the King's Daughters was held in San '..
Francisco June 16. About thirty del
egates, representing the various
circles in the state, were present.
Reports were received from Mrs.
J. E. Abbott of Santa Clara, Mrs.
Walter Perkins of San Jose, Miss
Winnie C. Rich of the Powell street
Methodist Church, Mrs. General
Graham of the Presidio, Mrs. Gal
bralth of San Jose and Mrs. Conklin.
ex-president of Palace circle, San
Francisco. Most of the circles were
shown to be in a flourishing condition
and accomplishing much good work
in a quiet and unostentatious way.
The annual report of the state sec
retary, Mrs. Clark, stated that the
order has some 1100 members in this
state and that every eircle has in
creased in prosperity and member
ship since last year.
It was decided to create a state
fund by annual assessment of the
various subordinate circles.
The following ladies have been In
vited by the board of directors to
become lady managers of the Home
for Incurables and have signified
their willingneasto accept: Mesdames
Olivia Kingsland, T. W. G. Graham,
W. H. Slocomb, Robert Conning, L.
Eckskom, B. Woodruff, Mary Head,
H. T. Terry, Winnie C. Rich, S. M.
Thrasher, E. W. Mitchell, M. B.
Graham and Virginia E. H. Church.
Hard water contains salts of lime
uud is less solvent that soft water.
Common soap will not dissolve In it
but will curdle and form a new soap,
or substance, which adheres to every
thing like f greasy scum. Lye or
soda will soften hard water but borax
is better. One-half ounce of crude
borax to a common washing Is the
One rule for softening hard water
is to take half a pound of the best
quicklime to one hundred gallons of
water. Make it into a cream by the
addition of water, then mix in the
tank of water; the lime will unite
with the carbonate of lime which
causes the hardness, and settle. A
tablespoonful of washing soda to
three pails of water is another rule
for softening hard water.
Another way of softening hard
water is to boil four or five quarts of
hard wood ashes and pour it into a
barrel of water. If enough is added
to soften it the water will become
curdled, then will settle clear.
An excellent washing fluid is mode
as follows: Dissolve one pound of
sal-soda, one-half pound of unslaked
lime and a small lump of borax in five
quarts of water and let it boil a few
minutes, stirring a few times. Then
let it cool and settle, pour off the clear
liquid and put it in old bottles or a
stone jug. Put about one cupful into
a boiler of clothes and for each ad
ditional boiler add half a cupful. But
clothes washed with soda after a while
will grow yellow, and chloride of lime
will certainly cause the clothes to fall
to pieces; it is not fit for general
It is economy to build a cistern for
rain water, as hard water with any
kind of doctoring will not make clothes
clean; and although it may be toler
ated for cookingpurposesitwill never
answer the purpose of a cleansing
agent. Soft water and good soap
with a place to whiten clothe by the
sun and air all combine to make wash
Few people now boil clothes unless
in case of sickness, thus preventing a
kitchen full of steam and the worker
from danger of a chill after getting
overheated in a steamy room.
The best laundry soaps are the
cheapest as, if used according to
directions, a smaller quantity is used
than of common soap. New England
It Is of the utmost importance that
food should be well seasoned and
palatable. Herbs and seasoning are
as important as the food itself. They
oring dock tne languia appetite and
encouracre one to eat when he would
not otherwise do so. During the
summer, when herbs are in theirhigh
est state of perfection, full of juices
and just before flowering, they should
be gathered and dried. This should
always be done on a perfectly drv day.
early in the morning or after sun
down. Cleanse thoroughly from dust
ana airt, cut on the roots and .spread
the herbs on squares of brown paper.
-. liv uuQiu an a not ui j cu, j i rk.iy
to preserve the flavor. If allowed to
dry gradually the heat dries off the
aroma and they will be almost taste
less. Care must be taken that they
do not brown or scorch, as this also
destroys the flavor, says Mrs. Borer.
When dry, pick the leaves from the
stems, put them into bottles or jars
and cork tightly. They must be per
fectly cold before going into the
bottles or they will sweat and sour.
Mark each bottle or jar on the inside
to save confusion when wanted for
Delicate Cabbage. Take off all de
fective leaves of a cabbaxro. nnartar
remove the core and cut the cabbage
une as you wouia ior siaw; let it re
main in cold water a few hours before
cooking, turn this water off and then
cover it with boiling water and cook
until done, about forty-five minutes.
Add salt just before it is done and
take up into a colander, press out the
water, add a little more salt with
pepper and butter. Putin a dish and
keep hot until served. Some prefer
the cabbasre broucrht to the taole in
undisturbed quarters; this may be
done by boiling it tied in thin netting
or a piece of muslin. It will require a
longer time for boiling in this way.
It is nice served with drawn butter or
cream dressing when it is boiled in
It is not generally known that fruit
juice may be boiled to a jelly without
sugar. Mash the fruit and strain,
boil down very carefully in porcelain
or granite ware. While it is thin cook
rapidly, but as it thickens let it sim
mer slower and slower and finally
finish in a stone-ware jar in a cool
HOW OLD IS AN OLD MAID.
A Woman May Ke On at Twenty an
Hot On at Forty.
When does a maiden become an old
Ah, there's the rub!
If Homebodr will determine this
point the social world will feel a shock
of relief and then go whirling on more
smoothly than ever.
Yon who bare never been old maids,
and never will be. have no idea of the
worry a certain class of women en
dure. As they approach the 30-year-
old period they begin to get nervous
and show signs of impatience. Ther
will not admit that they are scared,
but bj their eagerness to attract atten
tion and the earnestness with wtalcb
they discuss matrimonial and kindred
topics it is quite apparent that tbey
are merely whistling to keep their
ii tbey only knew mat worry ana
anxiety bring wrikle. " Irritate the
nerves, and disturb the circulation
tbey would try to be calm. Nervous
ness ages them more than bard work.
while disturbed circulation is a sura
destroyer of good complexion.
It used to be thougtit that a girl bad
lost her best opportunities if she were
not married neiure reacmng tne age or
twenty-one; but that notion ban been
effectually upset. She may sail along
safely nntil she is thirty, and if sbe
doesn't fret and worry herself into a
f right sbe can even go several years
longer witbont being branded with the
obnoxions letters O. M.
There are old maids who haven t
seen twenty summers and there are
maidens who have seen forty winters
who are not old maids. It is a con
dition of mind and heart rather than a
question of years, afiirms a writer in
tbe fittsourg vommercuu.
The records of the license court show
that a very large majority of Ameri
can women marry between tbe ages of
twenty ana toirty, witn more over tne
latter age than under the former.
With foreigners it is different. The
women marry anywhere from four
teen to twenty. Hungarians and Poles
are given to early marriages. Old
men marry young bits of girls, but old
women rarely young men. The Hun
garian laborer wants a wife to help
aim make a living, and be wants ber
to be strong and healthy. Tbeir wives
know what is expected of them and
assume the burdens of wifehood with
the feelings of one entering upon a
lifelong servitude. American women
look upon it as tbe beginning of the
best and most enjoyable part of life.
liiTlnfC In Great Style.
The Edwin Forrest home, in a Phil
adelphia suburb, now contains thirteen
benenciaries,eigutof hom are women
and five are men. John Ernest Me
Cann was a recent visitor, and in
Eciioes of tlie Week he" describes the
house as packed with objects of art.
There are paintings, etchings, marble .
hosts, marble figures of heroic size,
bronzes, a piano, a library of 8.000
volumes that are a delight to look at.
and Talma's sword, and all the swords
and daggers used by Forrest in bis dif
ferent parts. The portraits are numer
ous and valuable. There are tbe burnt
remains of tbe folio of 1663 in a gla-ss
case, which cost Mr. Forrest $6,000.
There is a highly polished hoof of Ed
win Forrest, the racer, and a great
collection of other curiosities relating
to Forrest and the stage. Mr. McCann
estimates that each of tbe inmates
would bare to spend $10,000 a year to
live as luxuriously elsewhere. If
they want to go down to Philadelphia.1'
he says. their fares are paid. Tbey
can go off to other states on visits if
they wish, and their fares are paid
also. There are seven rooms on the
first floor, seven on the third floor, ten
rooms on second floor, and two bath
rooms. Everything is like wax. Neat
isn't the name for it- The dining
room contains one large table with
fourteen chairs around it. There is a
massive sideboard, covered with the
solidest of silver. There is a china
closet that would make Brayton Ives1
eyes bulge. There are cut-glass da
canters and glasses. Everything is
rich and solid and in perfect taste, and
everything was bought by Mr. For
rest. He most faftve been m gentleman
of rare delicacy of taste."
Best Work Done Under Iiffionltiea.
It has been my experience that a
man does his best work under the
most disadvantageous circumstances.
When he gets things so that they
exactly snit him he is apt to do noth
ing at'all. It is the same with cities
as with men. Look at Kansas City. If
there is a spot on earth that one wonld
pick out as the worst possible place for
a city, that spot is the site of Kansas
City, and yet there has grown a great
city that has outstripped its compe
titors. Milwaukee has a better harbor
and better conditions than Chicago,
which had to be filled in; which has a
stream running through it at a decline
of an inch a mile, so that everything
stands still and stinks, and yet see
what Chicago is and think what it is
destined to be. A hundred years hence
Chicago will be the greatest city of the
world, and I mean what I say. As it
is with men and cities so it is with
newspapers. A newspaper when it
puts up a splendid building and sur
rounds itself with every convenience is
apt to be a worse newspaper than
when its editors and reporters had to
work in one room under the greatest
disadvantages. There Is an inspira
tion when nil are working thus to
gether, which is lost when everybody
has a separate room, and this editor is
No. 14 on the first floor, and that
editor in No. 7S on the sixth floor.
Therefore, as a reader of newspapers,
I can't say that I look npon the erect
ion of big" newspaper offices with favor.
Shark. Teeth for Weapons.
The natives on some of the Pacific
islands being provided with neither
metals nor any stone harder than the
coral rocks, of which the atells they
inhabit are composed, would seem
badly off, indeed, for material of which
to make tools or weapons wereJt not
that their very necessity has bred aa
invention no less ingenious than effect
ive. This is nothing less than the use
of shark's teeth to give a cutting edgo
to tbeir wooden knives and swords.
The mouth of the shark contains 300
teeth arranged in five rows, all closely
lying upon each other, except the
onter row, and so constructed that as
one tooth is broken or lost another
takes its place. The teeth are not
only pointed and keen-edged but are
finely and regularly aerated, so that
the cutting power is greatly increased.
Indeed, so great a faculty have these
teeth for wounding that the imple
ments and weapons upon which they
are used have to be handled with great
care. The Kiogmill islanders make
many strange articles of shark's teeth.