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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 28, 1890)
He who thinks to please the World Is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind.
LEBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1890.
JJAST Am) SOUTH
Southcrn Pacific Route.
tUR MOUNT SHASTA KOUTE.
CSriUCM TRA1XS I.BJ.VB rottTLASD nAILt t
I. J'orllniv.l Ar I 9:3V A. M.
l.v AlbAIlT Ar6:lA. M.
Ar San Krunctsco L 9 ;0) v. M.
ANiVo irnlitip only at the following stations
north of KoMphurg; KAst Portland, Oregon City,
Vr'OHlhurn. Salwm, Albany, Tanfiwnt. SlimMs.
UAtauy, UarrtAburs. Junction vliy. Irving ami
Rosennra; Mall lUy.
8 -.00 A. M. 1 t.v
1J: V. M. I l.v
nw v. m. I Ar
Ar I 0 v.
Ar I 11 sM M.
I.J :00 A. M.
Albany local IHUly (Kmcrpt Sunday.)
ft sX) r. K. 1 I. Portland Art ion A. M.
9 r. M. Ar Albany 1-v) ft AW A. M
I' Local rMn(r 1 rln Oally Kf.rrpt
&)V. K. I Albany Ar iMiM.
J:S P. at. Ar Lebanon Lt 8) A. St.
1:t, M. l.v Albany Ar lf. M.
8:81 A. M. Ar Lebanon Lt 3t v. M,
PULLMAN BUFFET BLEEPER9.
Tourist Sleeping Cars
For accommodation of Hwrai Clan Paaaon eer.
attached to Express trams. -
WEST SIttK UIV1SIOX.
EFTWEEX PORTLAND AND CORY ALUS.
Mall Train Dally (Except Sunday.)
A. X .
11 :10 r. M.
l.v 1 11
m r. n,
At Albany and Corrallls connect with trains ot
urpgun Kamno ttaiiroad.
(Express Train Dally Except Sunday.)
4 M r. X. i
t as r. x. I
8 :90 A. M.
S:1S A. M
WThrmiehtlckotato all rolnta East and South
For Msketa and full information rganltng
rates, maps, etc., call on Vo agt-nt at Medfoxt.
K. KOKuLKK. K. 1". ROtiKKH.
Uanagvr. Asm. U. i ft P. Agt
DR. C. H. DUCKETT,
U. K. WEATHERFORD,
ATTORNEY-AT - LAW.
Office over First National Bank.
ALBANY, - - - - - OREGON.
W. R. PILYEU,
ATTORNEY- AT- LAW.
G. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Provisions.
Tobacco and Cigars,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
Queens ware and Glassware, Lamps and
PAY CASH FOR EGGS.
Main street. Lebanon, Oregon
R. L. McCLRUE
(Successor 1C. H. Harmon.)
Barber : and : Hail
Shaving, Haircutting and Shampoo
ing in the latest and best style. Spec
ial attention paid to dressing Ladies
hair. Your patronage respectfully so
licited. J. L. COWAN.
J. M. RALSTON.
Bank of, Lebanon,
Transacts a General Banking Business.
KEPT SUBJECT TO
Exchange sold on New York, San
ranoisco. Portland and Albany, Org.
Collections made on favorable terms.
'lit ti r.v
W. KELLENBERGEE, Prop.
Fkesh & Salted Beef, Pork, Mut
ton, Sausage, Bologna & Ham.
BJLOaSAXD LifiD ALWAYS ON HAND
Main street, Lebanon, Org.
Tases ai-e twild on only two doua nt
Irtaaw ThomAn was cavod on ami killed
at l'ortliuut Nov. 14.
Tho Native Bona want to tuni over
Sultor'a fort to the state.
The Ban IHturo wiloon-kwncre ato lljfht-
ln a $50 UtHsiu'e oitlluauce.
lrt AtiiivlrtA hit Invm made the county
"at of I'lulliun county, Wn.
Bwitt'hman laaao l. KulT was run over
ami killotl at NetHlUta Nov. 11.
William MoK. lVmml. a Spokane Fall
miner, committed Buiolde.Nov. 11.
A Ptroet ralhvad la bolnir built from
the Del Monte hotel to Paclllo Urove.
Jkfi-s. F.illth M. SUuio commltttHl sulolde
with lauduntiiu at Bauratuento Nov. 11
John O. Molllnox'a hotme at Mountain
Hourto, feierra county, waa burned Nov. 11.
Not a Blmrle tally-aluvjt was corrwtly
nutMl out atusr the election in Bau t ran
Deputy eonatable William 11. Ijtne shot
and kllletl Wllllum Canlleld at Banger
Twelve Nevada county saloon-keeper i
have been Indicted for 8elUii llmor on
A forest tire In the Ban Mateo county
hllla destroyed all A. Juiull's farm bulld
luga Nov. ll.
Olaf Elllnjrton. a Benttle cook, was
murdereil aud robbed of H) by unknown
ersins Nov. 11.
All the flrst-elaaa raisins ot thU year's
California crop are already sold In the
New ortt market.
Calvin O. MeFee waa kllUxl by a
which rolled on him on Klk rl-or, Hum
boldt county, Nov. 13.
Bernard Verarea, an old flower man,
committed aulelde on hla wlfo'a grave lu
Ban Frauclaco Nov. U.
Ictaae Dabler, a blacksmith ot Tetera,
fourteen milea eaat of Stockton, ended a
spree by hauKlng himself.
The Kemlllard brick company haa
t-ouicht 1A) acres near Kan ltafael for
tlS.iHW tor patent brick works.
The federal iroveriiment haa commenced
an examluailou Into the condition of the
Feather aud Bacramento rivers.
Hud Mann, who frot drunk on wine and
killed lilumhardt near Banta Crua live
moutlva ao, has botm acxiuilted.
Since the reduction of the duty the
shipment ot lumlter Trom Urltlah Columbia
to VUmiugUn, (Deln) has begun.
Cesarlo and Juat Arxnlaoaa killed
Ramou BarlKt In a light over a grame tf
can It at Loa I'adilloe, N. M Nov. 13.
James O. Johnfion. late head tnokkeeper
for Xoklaa, Bingerman A Co. of Battle,
has been arrested for steallug riaw.
The Marin ctmnty surHrvl'r3 have
refused the license a.skHl for by Alphonso
itamooua to ecu liquor in K-wa vtviiey-
Grain growers In eastern Washington
claim that that they have bem over
charged l,(KK),ix0 tor freight this year
Pete Johnston, aged 4J, a seaman on
the bark George F. Maon, fell fnin the
deck U the hold Nov. 11 and waa killed
Hubbard & Powers have bought the
entire Harqua Ilala group ot mines, pay
ing fjO.OOO or the la.-it one-rout in intereet
The Santa Clara -Santa Margarita rail
road bonus la still SJii.ooo short and Banta
Clara county will try to ralae the amount.
Denutv constable Spencer, who spent
hla time banging around shady reaorta at
t resuo, has teen arrested for vagrancy
George Ring of Chicago got drunk,
crawled iu front ot a railroad train at
Bakerstleld Nov. 14. and was cut In two.
William Reay died at Seanlch, B. C.
Nov. 14, from a blow with a sandbag
Inllicted by a burglar three months be
An Italian named Cavagnaro killed hla
young wife and himself on the Terry
ranch, near Clayton, Contra cota county.
Con O'Neill and Thomas Downey, ac-
somplicea of Kelly In robbing freight
cars at Kocklln, have been Bent up for
The contracts have been let for $31,000
for the building of the Presbyterian
theological eemiuary at Sunnyslde, near
Governor Waterman ha commuted the
life sentence ot Hiram Miller, murderer
ot Hugh Glenn, so that he will be free
In October, 1894.
A lire at Tiburon Nov. 18 destroyed
about all the business houses, but the
railroad shops and other buildings es
caped. Loss $20,000.
James H. Simpson has gone to "van
Quentin from Freeno for three years for
putting a load ot bird shot Into hla
divorced wife's leg.
James Corcoran, a union iron-molder
of Ban Francisco, has been held for trial
on a charge ot assaulting non-union men
with Intent to murder tnem.
The tug Alert and a Wilmington trans
portation company llgnter were wrecitea
at Catallna island Nov 12, and William
O'Neill, a seaman, was drowned.
Mrs. Soledad Chavez. 80 years old, stood
with her back to a fire warming herself
at Pajarlto, N. M, Nov. 9, when her
clothes caught fire and she was burned
John Ii. Ivett, a wealthy rancher, 70
years old, was murdereil on his ranch
near Merced Falls Nov. 10. August Olson,
the brother of Ivett's 'lJ-ycar-old wife, Is
John Dav-'y and W. Walsh quarreled
about land on the Uvas creek, near Gil
roy, and tilled each other and Walsh's
8-year-old son with buckshot. None are
Charles L. Terry, the smuggling United
States customs inspector who Ued from
Seattle to Victoria and there protossed
religion under Moody's preaching, haa
come back and surrendered.
Sylvester Nanella, a Swiss, who killed
Robert Higuera, a Spaniard, at Cayucos,
has boon 'acauitted on t ie ground of self-
defense and thore la a prospect of trouble
between the two nationalities tncre,
Pete Dorcy, keeper of a tough resort
in San Francisco, had his head badly
mashed with a bottle In the hands of
David Wallace, one of his barkeepers,
whom he charged with stealing, .Nov. 10,
Fred Smith struck David Jacks several
blows with his list at Monterey Nov. 14
as a result ot trouble over land, and was
only restrained by the interference of
others from braining him with a wagon
An Indian attempted to assault Mrs
D. W Farmer near Lang's, Los Angeles
county, Nov. 14. She escaped and ran,
and he shot her dead in the presence of
her three children. He then robbed tho
house and fled.
The Hamilton hotel at Biggs, Mrs.
Turner's millinery store, Ditzler's real
estate office. Bolt's shoe store. Wood &
Hill's hay sheds aud several other busi
ness places were burned Nov. 12. Loss
$15,000. A boy 15 years old, registered
at the hotel as John Black and unknown,
was burned to death.
Miss Ella Smith of Portland died and
left $40,000 to the Boys' and Girls' Aid
society ; $5,000 each to the Women's Union,
the iiaaies Iteuer society ana tne unit
arian church; $20,000 to various persons,
and the rest of her estate, about $150,000,
to the city library.
Rev. L D. Driver was tried at Eugene,
Or- and acquitted for beating a 9-year-
old boy who stole apples in his orchard.
He had the boy arrested and he waa
acquitted and Driver got into a row with
the attorneys in the court, a row which
tho sheriff had to stop.
William Mcintosh sold 200,000 pounds
of fine merino wool at Albuquerque Nov.
XI. It was grown on hla ranges and was
hauled to town on sixty-three four-ox
The Chinaman killed by Cgfik Ling at
Victoria waa Ling's uncle who had
worked in the canneries and given his
. i XI i ! K 1- Ttn
when the uncle wanted it he killed-him
Granada U still shaking.
Parnell mado no defense In tho O'Shea
One or two more McCoy have been
klllca lu Virginia.
The Wellington barracks in London
have boon burned.
Time are hard In Italy aud emigra
tion la on thei increase.
Portion of Ohio are suffering from an
epizootic of hog cholera.
Clara Greonswald of Bernvllle, Pan 13
year old, la teaching school.
Grand Duke Nicholas ot Ruaala haa
boon declared hopolosrtly Insane.
Mr. Lliey Ridley, a New York colored
woman, claim to be 117 year old.
Bureholl waa hanged at Woodstock,
Ontn Nov. 13, for the murder ot Beu
woll. 'J wenty-slx horse wore burned with
George Burns' livery baru at Btoux Falls
A ferry boat capsized near Bestlta,
Austria, "Nov. 11 and llfty-llve persons
The door reeeliila at Rcanley a IT at
ecturo, delivered In New lork Nov. 11,
were $14 000.
A relMlllon lu the Interest of the de-
Eteod president, Colmau, la lmmlueut in
ueuoe Ay re.
The Adams ex proas company haa made
the provision ot the auil-lottery postal
law applicable to lis employe.
In the oast three months 30.000 Pole a
have gone f rom Russia to Brazil, deaptto
an order forblddiug their emigration. -
Four girls, ranging from 10 to 13 year
old. have pladod guilty of stealing $300
worth or gotxu rroui store in iiai iioro,
The British government baa released
Patrick Delaney, serving a life sentence
or alleged connection with me i wr-nu
In a railway wreck at Fltwarren,
Eng., tlebrla waa piled elghly fiwt high
and took tire aud six paastmgera were
burned to death.
One man wa killed and many inlured
In an aasault by 3.K) glaasblowet on non
union workmen lu uitenseu, a suuui u or
Hamburg, Nov. 10.
Armed Armenians made a raid on sev
eral Kurdish vittugt8 on Russian terri
tory Nov. 9. killing five persons. Co
sacks dispersed them.
A man robbed the two trains between
Augusta aud Atlanta. Giu. Nov. 10. Both
express messengers were asleep and he
got nis booty quicuy.
The British cruiser Serpent ha f oun
derod off capo I'uilsterre, ou the coast
ot Spain, with 130 persons on board, only
three of whom escaped.
Holland loaes Luxemburg with the
deposition of her crazy king, for bis
ncirw are iciimiws auti nits cmui; mw nr-
vmls in Luxemburg.
The Australian labor unions are reduo
Inir or suspending entrance fees to rw
gain the membership lost during the re
cent disastrous strikes.
The Hull ateamer Brentwator went
down off cape Flntsterre. on the Spanish
coast, Nov. 17, and two ot the crew ot
eighteen were drowned.
Midwife Sklblnska of Warsaw, who
killed 3'M Infanta, haa been sentenced to
three years imprisonment and her ac
complices to shorter tortus
The New York sugar tnut ha9 not
only been declared Illegal but Ita prop
erty la In the nanda of receivers who are
to entirely close out its ousineaa.
Wlsauian haa gone to Zanzibar and as
sorts that he proposes to eaeeably or
ganize tne country ana eaiaousn a civ
ilized government. Maybe be can.
The Melbourne Trade Council haa an
nouneed that the aetsesslon ot the marine
ofllcer leave nothing to fight for. The
shipowners have opened a free labor
An organized gang of tramp terror
lzed- the Schuvlktll vallov last winter,
committing burglary, robbery and arson
aud the are at it again already tuis
Mrs. Harriet Alexander, daughter o
the late Charles Crocker, promises to
build and present to Princeton univer
sity a line hall In which to hold com
menceuient exercises. .
Mr. John Swlnson of Tonoka, Kas,
poisoned her Infant with laudanum be
cause Blie waa uopeieasiy ui wiin con
sumption and wanted to take it to
heaven wlltt ner.
At St. Cloud, N. J., Nov. 10 Robert
Todd bit a piece an inch long and three
fourths of an Inch wide out ot hla ad
versarv's face In a tight and deliber
ately chewed and swallowed it.
Mr. Walsh, editor ot the Cashel (Ire
land) Bentluel, haa been sent to prison
for three mouths lor publishing a quota
tion from one of Gladstone's Bpeeche
about the outrage at MlcheLstown.
Caption L who killed Councillor Rossi
in the Ttcino revolt and was arrested in
England on a demand tor his extradi
tion tor murder, has been released, hi i
act having been declared a political one.
There waa a fight between a company
of students and a militia company at
Ann Arbor Nov. 13. and Irving Donnl
son, a Btudent, was killed with clubbed
muskets aud several persons Berloualy
Danbury, Conn., has a handsome, well
dressed "Jack the KlBsor," who catches
girls on the street aud kisses them. The
police are on the lookout tor him, while
several old maids have moved into Dan
bury from adjoining towns.
About a dozen New York letter car
riers have boon detected delivering let
ters to "gneu goods" swindlers in vio
lation of orders. They got $5 a week
from each of tho swindlers, one carrier
realizing $30 a week In this way.
Two pensons wore killed and eleven
injured in a railroad wreck at New Flor
ence, Pa., Nov. 14. Mrs. S. H. Angell of
Washington, ono of the killed, wis on
her way to visit her father. Dr. Almon
Love, who was dangerously ill at Berke
Clubs and brickbat have been freely
used by both sexes in tho Iteformod
church at Sherwood, 0 in recent meet
ings as a result of a war between tho
English and German factions, and Nov.
9 the Bheriff kept tho English worship
Bismarck and William havo quarreled.
The emperor wats to see tho proofs of
Bismarck's forthcoming life of William
the first and Bismarck says he Bhall not
and threatens to remove the publication
to England it William a demand Is per
sisted in. In that case the book will be
barred from Germany.
The heirs of Banker Suell of Chicago
are Quarreling about wno nis muruerer
was and the sons-in-law of Stone have
sued young Snoll fcr libel, charging that
ne accused mem oi ma rauruor. iirs.
MjCroa, Suell's daughter, who ran a way
with a married army officer, is living
wtth him in poverty in Paris.
The trouble at Vitu resulted from
Kunzel, a millman, publicly insulting
tha Sultan. He and his men were ar
rested aud confined under guard. They
trnt. hold of revolvers and made a break
for liberty and were killed in the fight
which resulted. In revenge for this
Rritsh trooos destroyed the capital and
$10,000 is offered for the sultan's head
A rnclnrof itv treaty with Brazil, fol
lowed by a radroad and steamship short
line to that country, is expected, ay
building 220 miles of road Chicago and
the northwest will secure a direct road
to Tampa, Fta. Thence steamers will
run to Cartagena, Colombia, from which
olace a railroad will be built across the
continent, 3J00 miles, to Rio Janeiro.
Thirty gallons of wine. Intended for
banquet In honor of Allen G. Thurman,
seized bv the nolice at Leavenworth,
Kas, Nov. 13. The police who made the
seizure were arrested for larceny. Then
th officials took charge of the banquet
hall and. while a new supply of wine
was procured and used, nobody except
those having tickets to the banquet was
I aUowed in the room, thus preventing
I the Indiscriminate sale oi the wine,
Who (thai I Ha Coolest
In a recent Issue ot the Rural Press
found an article entitled "Cooks of the
Future." I hava road this article over
several times, and although I thought
at flrt I would forget It by the next
day I find I Just can't, and must relieve
ray feelings on tho subject in some way.
With the truly thoughtful author of
the aforesaid article I agree in condemn
ing the reference to cooking: "Upon
thorough knowledge of cookery do-
ends tha happiness of the homo." "Of
tho earth, earthy" Indeed is the man
who would find home happiness in the
gratification ot his appetlta alone.
Perhaps Mrs. Harvey la right in say-
ng that " tha girls ot to-day, generally
peaking, are not proficient cooks," Mr
experience, extending over a number of
ears lu tha various states between In
diana and our own sunny shores, haa
given ma different impresslous. I have
n variably found that tha best bred, best
edUcatod, most advanced and highly cul
tured among my lady friends wero also
the beat housekeepers. I h not assert
that they Sxiiit their time over the cook
stove and wash bench: most of them
wet so situated that they could and did
hire needy but capable women hi their
It Lady Mary Wortley Montague's hus
band would not have gladly prepared
the dinner for her If circumstance de
manded It, ha waa not worthy of her.
I know one man in a much humbler po
sition in life who would have doue, nay,
ha done It.
It tha lady Mary or any one else
would have her husband take her place
lu the house, she must be equally ready
and efficient to take hla duties in the
counting-house, office, store or mine
upon herself. She must be ready to as
sume the cares, worries and obligations
ot the conscientious business man who
feels the responsibility of the head of
the house the provider, the fattier, the
huslmud. By all means let us have rec
iprocity. No work which tends to the
comfort of the home Is unwomanly:
neither can I call it unmanly.
It s all very well for a man to be un
willing to have his wife stand over the
hot stove cooking cakes while he cats;
but why Bhould not the gentleman who
"would stiiid by the stove, too, until
there were cakes enough for both use
his strength and time on the woodpile
until hla wife called htm to breakfast ?
The world is not yet ripe for Bellamy's
theorioa, and until it is our farmers will
personally do or superintend their own
work, and their wives will perforce do
the sama thing.
I think we who have daughters to
raise need have no fear tn training them
o be good cooks or housekeepers. I do
not imlieve tn allowing them to dabble
in It, to be mere amateurs. Up to a
girl's fifteenth year she is Incapable ot
persistent, deep study, luose years,
which Bhould in any case be spent un
der the careful training ot a judicious
mother, can easily be mado to suruce
for all she abvlutly needs to know of
housework. Maude a. reasteo in uurai
Mechanical Helps Needed la tha Kitchen.
.Where would be the enterprise and
for the farmers wive ana daughters 7
Where the productive farms, the bounti
ful harvest, the tasteful homes, but for
the toller whose worlds are limited to
the sacred confines of the farmers' homes?
Labor-saving machines Boinehow find
their way Into the field and barn, but
hovr few are ever seen tn the kitchen !
Conveniences to save the farmer time
and trouble are, from time to time,
thought of and Introduced, but the
ivomou ot tho family must do the beat
they can, plodding on the same old way,
and are expected never to get tired, run
down or wear out from the continual
strain on nerve and muscle. Not that
farmers are more neglectful of their
families than other men, but that house
work on. the farm la of all work the
hardest on women. And from some
cause attention has never been directed
to methods of saving them from Its hard
ships. This injustice, for what else can
we call it I produces not only a broken-
down, prematurely oil class of women,
but it causes a discontent which has
doubtless marred the peace of many a
home. The ceaseless work may bocome
task from which death may sometimes
aoetn a happy release. I lie sacred walls
ot home may appear as a prison house
to tho chafed, fretful spirit which vainly
longs for some relaxation and rest. The
farmer's noble occupation is brought into
disrepute with those sufferers, who never
think of any possibility ot relief except
to sell tho farm, rent or leave it to weeds
and briars, and go Into bo me other busi
ness. Hence we often boo deserted, neg
lected farms, while the towns and cities
aro overflowing with their surplus uueui
ployed. Miss S. E. Powell before the
Missouri state board of agriculture.
You may have all tho colors of the
rainbow in a room, costly furniture, brio'
a-brao of all kinds and patterns, but if
you lack good ta.to to arrange, or, as
w sometimes say, fix up, the room will
bo nolther attractive nor pleasant. I was
once in a room scant of f urnlturo, noth
ing In It rich or costly, no pictures, only
ono small-sized motto, " Boar ye one an
other's burdens," hung low over a stand
having a bunch ot roses on it, but the
words of the motto and the odor of the
roses are stamped on my memory and
always come to me whenever I am try
ing to arrange a room.
That "cleanliness is noxt to godliness
most of us have heard from childhood
Dirt and filth breed disease as well as
discontent, and every room In the house
should bo neat. When we get everytnlng
arranged aright and all cleared up we
need order to keep so, and an every-day
setting things to rights, doing what
needs to be done, when it needs to be
done; that is what makes the home
pleasant and keeps the temper smooth.
Kind acts are a force which nothing
can resist. Greatest of all characteris
tics is charity, that Christian love which
bears the burdens, rights wrongs and
takes all hate and sourness out of the
home life. I might mention a attrac
tions in a home a well-furnlshed table,
books, muslo, games, but you would say
without the characteristics I have named
already these would amount to but little ;
but refined natures needhem and wan
dering ones are attracted by them, and
those who are beaten in the battle of
iifo need all pleasant and pure things in
tho home. The remembrance of all such
Is sweet to you and to me, and we are
attracted by the flowers and fruit and
kind attention and the real interest in
in our welfare which can come from no
place but home. Miss Ellen M. Gleason"
Do Ilees Injur Fruit f
Tho following notes by a correspondent
of the Traver Advocate are worthy of
reproduction : " I find that many fruit
growers are still of tha opinion that they
suffer great loss from the ravage of
boos. The charge made against tho Immj
la a unjust and unreasonable as it
would be to charge the housefly with
doing the same work. Neither of these
Insects Is capable of breaking the akin
ot a grape, because they hava no Loots
with which to do it; but both will feast
on the eweet Julc when once an open
ing is made. If grapes burst on the
vine or are cut by yellow jackots they
are worthless, and It Is on'y such that
tho bees food upon. Prof. McLiin la em
ployed by the government to make ex
periments in apiculture in all of IU
ramifications. In on of his reports he
says: I have repotted my experiments
ot last spring for testlui; the capacity of
boos for Injuring frul Hi, confined
two colonic of Italian bees, tto of
hybrids and two of Syrians In a house,
and endeavored by heat, etc, to bring
about all the conditions of a severs
"He says: 'The bees were repeatedly
brought to tho stage of hunger, thirst
and starvation, the test continuing for
forty days. I obtain ed 13 varieties of
choice grapes, and every inducement
and opportunity was offered the bee to
appease their hunger an I thirst by at
tacking the fruit that was placed .liefore
them. Mark this: Seme ot the grapes
were dipped tn ayrup and hung in the
hive between the combs, some placet!
on plnlos berore the hives, and grapes
were suspended In cluster from the
posts and rafter. The bee lapped and
sucked all the syrup from the skins,
leaving the berries .smooth. They dally
visited the grape In great numbers, and
took advantage ot every crack tn the
epidermis or opening at the stem, appro
priating to their use every drop of juice
therefrom, but tbsy mado no attempt to
grasp the cuticle with their mandibles
or claws. I removed the epidermis care
fully from dozens of graoe of various
kinds and placed them on plate before
Ute hive. The bees lapped up all the
juloe on the outside of the film sur
rounding the segments of the grape.
leaving tills delicate film dry aud shining,
but through and beyond this film they
were unable to penetrate.
" ' I punctured the skins ot grapes of
all kinds by passing needle of various
sizes through the grape, and placed thesa
before the bees. The needle used were
In size from a flue cambrlo needle to
sacking needle; the amount of Juice ap
propriated was in proportion to the size
ot tho opening in the skin aud the
number of segment of the grape broken.
The same was true in the case of grapes
burst from over-ripeness. Bees are not
only unable to penetrate the epidermis
ot grapes, but they also appear to be un
able, when Impelled by the dlreet neces
sity, to penetrate the film surrounding
the berry, even after the epidermis is re
moved. Grae9 so prepared, without
exception, lay before tho hives until dried
up.' More evidence is at hand,. but the
foregoing is sufficient. In the polllna-
Uo1 OJ tue nower9 tne bee is an
portant factor, and it is here that the
bee doe a work for us which is a great
benefit to all fruit growers and adds
greatly to our Income. If we do not
wish to raise bees, lot us encourage
others to do so, and it they do annoy us
at times, let us remember they pay us
well for all we suffer."
Canadian beet sugar factories are pay
ing $3 a ton for beets which yield 11 per
cent ot saccharine matter. Beets raised
by the company at Farnham are found
to cost $4 ton. Farmers are not gclng
to raise beets and sell them at cost. It
Canadian factories can pay $5 a ton for
beets with 11 per cent, what ought Cal
ifornia factories to pay for richer beets,
with a bounty of a cents a pound and a
market one-third higher for their sugar?
This question ought to be considered by
our farmers when factory owners want
to contract for beets showing 14 per
cent at $4 a ton. Tho Farnham factory
ships a carload a day ot u are flood sugar.
The new fruit buyers' association of
Chicago proposes to make arrangments
that bone but members of the assocla
tlon shall be admitted to the fruit auction
rooms. One more rule Is needed: That
no member of the association shall bid
against another. Then the association
would work like a charm. The California
consignors would not get rich on account
of It, however. They are not hankering
for an auction markot for their fruit
where there is no competition, and they
will do well to keep their fruit out of
market from which all buycrt except
member of one association are excluded
Grapes From Seed.
But little effort has been made In Cal
ifornia to produce new varieties of grapes
from seed. It is not only possible, but
It Is highly probable, that much improved
varieties could be had if the effort were
only made. Both the American and
foreign grapes reach perfection side by
side, which makes it possible by hybrids
to combine tho boat qualltlos ot both
Grape seeds for sowing are entirely freod
from tho pulp and then mixed thoroughly
with pure sand, to be kept moist but
not wet throughout the the winter. They
should bo placed whore the temperature
Is evenly cool, above tho freezing point,
but a little freezing will do no harm
The seeds should bo sown rather thickly
in the spring in a cold frame, and trans
planted to the field when thoroughly
rooted, after danger of frost Is over; or,
If specially strong plants are desired,
they can bo picked out three Inches
apart in the frame, and allowed to reach
a larger size before transplanting. Cal
ifornia Fruit Grower.
Charles Dudley Warner, in Harper's
Magazine for November, predicts that
the time is not far distant when south
em California will produce in abundance
all the fruits ana nuts which, for a
thousand years, the civilized world has
poked to the Mediterranean to supply
Governor Waterman haa pardoned
Archie xavinger, a Sierra co'inf.v burglar
Edward Jones, convicted hi visit hj
house of Ill-fame in San Frauclsoo; Hugh
Current, convicted of robbery iu Sierra
eounty, and Charles Fitzgerald, convicted
of robbery in Santa Clara county. He
has commuted the sentence ot Thomas
Langan, convicted of manslaughter in
San Francisco, from ten years to five,
and that of C. R. Clark, sentenced from
Sacramento county for lite for murder,
to ten years.
THE AFRICAN HORROR.
Atroeltlxa Perpetrated ! Members
H tan ley's Itear Uttard.
The charges and countercharges re
garding the Stanley trip through Africa
amount to this: Stanley charges that
when lie left the rear guard at Yambuya
they a-era in go.xl condition and were to
hava advanced as soon as they could get
porters, and that falling to get what
porters they needed they should have
gone on wtth what they had, carrying
half their stores ahead six miles a day
and returning for the other half, a he
had done. He charge that they lay at
Yambuya, making no adequate effort to
progress, or to get porters, and that
when they were stajvlng they undo no
effort to get food from Tlppoo Tib, who
would have supplied them. He details
acta of horrible cruelty of which Major
Bartte-lot, whom he left tn charge, was
guilt, , Including the f&tal kicking of a
ten-year-old boy who was employed a a
body servant and the shooting of a
halt-starred black who stole a piece "of
raw meat and deserted after having been
given 150 lashes for it. ne says he found
corpses of men with great festering sores,
the result of brutal beatings. At last
Barttolot struck a chief's wife for follow
ing a practice of the natives and beating
a drum to greet the rising ot the sun
and Iter husband, Sanga, shot him dead
In his tracks.
Barttelot's brother charge that Stan
ley left the rear guard with orders to
remain at Yambuya until he returned.
which would be five months, and that he
did not return but left them to starve
and die. "
Jameson was making sketches for pub
lication aud he told Tlppoo Tib that he
wanted to witness a cannibal feast
Tlppoo Tib advised him to buy a slave
and he gave six handkerchiefs for a 10-
year-old girl and gave her to the canni
bals. She was Ued to a tree and then
stabbed In the abdomen. In a short time
sua waa dead and the natives cut off
portions and carried them to their nut
while the entrails were taken to the river
and washed. Jameson meanwhile making
rougn saetcnes oi the scene, i heaa he
took to his tent and finished them up in
water colors. Barttelot. it is believed.
was already becoming Insane, and this
Incident was more than he could stand
and when he found that the Congo Free
State had heard of it and sent an account
ot It to England he lost bis mind al
together, his cruelties Increased and the
act which brought about hla deatb fol
REBELLION IN HONDURAS.
It Is tjulrklj Snppressed and the Insar
gent Leaders Shot.
General Longlnas Sanchez beaded a
rebellion against President Bogran of
Honduras and beselged him in one of
the wards ot Tegucigalpa, the capital
Bogran cut his way out during the night
of Nov. 10 and escaped, closely pursued
by troops sent out by Sanchez.
On the 11th it became known that
Barillas, dictator ot Guatemala, had dis
patched 1000 men to aid Bogran. This
caused great excitement in Guatemala,
as it waa known that if Barillas Inter
fered Ezeta of Salvador would tend men
to Intercept the Guatemalans and a gen
eral Central American war would result.
Nicaragua and Costa Rica were under
stood to stand ready to back Salvador as
against Honduras and Guatemala com
Bogran gathered an army and Nov. 14
he recaptured the capital, after a bloody
fight lasting two days. Barillas' 1000
men were stopped on the frontier when
Ezeta announced bis intention to send a
force to head off any that Barillas might
send to Bogran'B aid.
Sanchez and bis leaders were captured
where they had intrenched themselves
In a ward of the city, Nov. 15, and with
out the formality of a trial were taken
to the plaza and shot.
President llogran of Honduras Is one
of the most enterprising as well as en-
ergetlo men lu Central America and a
great impetus to foreign Immigration,
and especially to industrial enterprises
engineered by foreigners, has been a re
suit ot his administration.
Koch's Consumption Cure.
Dr. Koch's consumption cure by Inoc
ulation with a specially prepared lymph
which kills the consumption bacillus is
proving a perfect succoss in all except
Koch has reconsidered his announced
determination to make public the com
position and method ot preparation of
the lymph with which he operates, on
the ground that Ignorant and incom
petent people would bungle the work and
sacrifice lives. Ho has communicated
his secret, however, to several German
All that the public knows is that inoc
ulation with the lymph, which la under
stood to contain metallic substances,
results lu a swelling of the parts affected
wtth tuberculosis, followed by a slough
ing away. The lymph, it is asserted.
does not kill the bacillus but carries it
away with the diseased Ussus. In cases
very far gone with consumption a cure
is not promised, and In serious cases con
tinual relnoculations may bo necessary,
though many cures are reported in Ger
man hospitals. It Is believed that in a
few years consumption may be rendered
as rare as it How is frequent.
A trestle fell and threw the south
bound Southern Paclllo into lake Labash
five miles from Salem,-Or. Engineer
John McFadden, fireman Finneal and an
unknown man were killed and nearly
every passenger was injured.
The accident occured early In the
morning ot Nov. 13. There were 141 per
sons on tho train and not one escaped
injury. The coroner's Jury lays the ac
cident to a weak trestle and condemns
the company. Tho company ( the South
ern Pacific) claims that somebody re
moved a rail, thus causing the disaster,
and that the wrecked portion of the
bridge had recently been rebuilt and was
strong and safe.
A Cool Kobbery.
John Harris, while beating his way
from Sacramento to San Francisco, waa
put off the line at 'Gait. There he waa
commanded by a young man who dis
played a star to accompany him to the
jalL Tho "officer" searched the prisoner
and took about $30 and left him standing
alone while ho went after the keys to
the jail. Harris stood fifteen minutes
waiting to be locked up and then it
dawned upon him that the "officer" had
taken the train from which he had just
There are about half a 'million bicy
cle" and tricycles turning in Great
Nearly one hundred aud fiftv women
are buying' and selling real estate in
Canada claims to be larjjer by 600,-
000 square miles than the United Mates,
The corporators' of London has made
contract for supplying electric lights
to a large porliou of the city.
It Is said that coyotes have killed
more than six hundred lambs on one
i audi near Napa, Cal., since last fall.
Parisian dandies now wear pink.
bine, or red shirts in the evening.
with regular low-cut evening waist
coats. James Yates killed an owl on Hawk
Mountain. Ga., which measured foor
feet seven inches from tip to tip of
Texas has a double-headed cat. It is
iterfect in form execps the two head,
tltts four ejes. four ear. and two
A typewriter manufacturer sav that
there are 7&.000 women in this coun
try who make living by running the
The mormons are gaining a foot
hold in the Canadian northwest, and It
is believed will make trouble for the
Hollvhocks and ferns make nooular
table decorations, and other old-fash-ioued
flowers have been taken into
Geonria beats the world in babies.
The wife of Will Lennon, a painter. In
Macon. has given birth to a child weigh
ing forty pounds.
Silk from painr pulp i. made smooth
and brilliant, with about two-third
the strength of ordiuary silk and about
the same elasticity.
A 'summer charity iu Philadelphia
has given a day's pleasure to nearly
iW.UOO people, mostly children and
babies, iu thirteen tears.
A luminous buoy has !ecn invented.
the lijrht for which is produced by
pliosphurct of calcium, aud is visible
two aud a half miles away.
Llectricallr deiwsited copper is so
ductile that it can be drawn down nn
til it resembles the tine-it hair, and
this too, without annealing.
The tombstone of the late Mr. Ann
V. Carter, of Philadelphia, bears the
following linen cut in marble:
Some hare children and some hare none.
Hut lien lies the mutiier of twentr-oue.
The form of real estate deeds has
lieen reduced from three pages to one
in New York and the cost of record
iug from tl.75 to 60 cents and $1
It is proposed at Vienna to span the
Danube Canal with a bridge lined with
shops like the famous Ponte Kialto at
Veuiceand the Arno bridge at Flor
ence. The electric battery has superseded
the hose and cold water treatment for
taming refractory prisoners in tbeOhio
peniteutiary. It isreoortetl to be Tery
Rhode Island is afraid of being over
crowded, since it has been learned
through the census that the population
b:ts increased about 67, 34 during the
The sentence 'Tack my box with
five dozen liquor jugs" has been found
to contain all the letters ot the al
phabet as well as important instruc
tions to the servants.
A Cairo bachelor, who, the ad. said,
was "eighty-seven Tears old, but
rich," has received 250 applications
from ladies willing to be his wife and
risk his dying pretty soon,
It is reiKjrtt-d ' that a judge at Troy
has declared that the baby carriage is
a nuisance, when it runs into, law
abiding citizen-". I here is no appre
ciation lor the poor baby anywhere.
The western busy bee has not been
making honev this year. In Iowa
there has been a total failure of the
honey crop, owing1 to the fact that
there has been no honey in the flower.
The Oxford County Advertiser's
Bethel correspondent recently - saw
several leading citizens of that town
flying kites on the common, among
them beinsr a prominent physician and
a justice of the Supreme beuch.
Vetretable or fruit sandwiches are
recommended as new delicacies for pic
nics. The newest dainty sandwich is
made of nasturtium leaf, sprinkled
with a little salt, and set between two
ronnd slices of biscuit and butter.
There appeared one week recentlyio
the obituary columns of the Philadei
phia Public Ledger notices of the death
of twenty-one persons, sixteen, men and
five women, who had lived to or be
yond the advanced age of eighty years.
A man was bronght to the hospital
at Eastburn, London, who had driven
four nails into his skull three or four
inches deep. lie suffered from severe
headache, and took that means to enre
it. The nails were extracted with dif
The day of paper car-wheels for
railroad ears is passins. The chief
reason is alleired to be that the iron
wheels last not onlv lonyrer than the
oaoer ones, but are cheaper as well.
costing about one-sixth as much as the
In Cowlitz County, Washington
which has been settled for forty years
and has 7.000 inhabitants, is a section
covering several townships that has
never been trodden by the foot of a
white man. It is a dense, unpene-
The amount of water the sun raises
from tho earth is estimated at the
enormous weight of 87.000,000,000 tons
a minute; the quantity of coal required
to produce a heat in any way equiva
lent to the sun is calculated to be iz,
A lady of Bremen, Ale, has a parrot
and also. a cat named Shagr. She
has taught the parrot to spell c-a-t,
cat. d-o-ir, doz. and a few such words.
and the other day Polly electrified the
household by spelling very londy and
plainly "c-a-t" and then pronouncing
it "anas." rr-rnaos Pollv can crios.
Lunacy is rapidly increasing in En
gland. Last year the lunacy commis
sioners had on their books the names
of 84,340 insane per so us. This year
they began with 86.087, an increase of
1,727. The great majority of the in
sane are found among the lower classes,
77,257 of the patients being hopeless
Philo Penfield, of Shelby, N. Y
when he went to the war a beardless
boy sent his best girl a picture of htro-
aaf KllfL it wae lwl Tl rananll a ,
V. tr u .v .... . j - v-u,ij V
nis name in a list oi letters accnGr,,.
lated in the dead letter office d
the war. He sent fox the
to the now old man the j .. po.
bring a flood of memories of other
As the law of Aberdeen requires it, a
cab driver was prosecuted, convict- i
and lined 5 shillings or three day's Im
prisonment for smoking a pipe oo hi-
cab, not while driving a fart, but tsiliile
he was standing on the lookout for
oue. By the municipal law snd
regulations of Aberdeen the imokln
of a pipe by a cab driver is a crin.inai
There are more ducks in the Chi
nese empire, says an authority, than iu
all the world outside of it. "They are
kept by the Celestials on every lan-i,
on the private road, on the p.ib;'.-;
roads, on utreet of cities, and ea n!l
the lakes, ponds, rivers streams and
brooks in the country. Every Chinese
boat also contains a batch of them.
There ate innumerable hatching estab
lishments all through the empire, lutny
of which ate said to turn out abour It),-
f oung ducks every yt-nr. Salted
smoked duck and ducks' eggs con
stitute two of the tito4t com moo aud
Important articled of diet in Cuf is.
Depth and Porltr of Color wor-'Tjir
The reason that colors in an Orients!
brooch or bracelet are so perfect is the
same reason mat an old Oriental car
pet it better than any other. An
Asiatic dislike to be dazzled; to La '
blinded with glare; to have his eves
hurt and his brain beated by unsub
dued effects of light. Consequently,
though he dyes his wools in intense
colors, having few others, he so com
bines them, 6o mixes them with black
and with that dark, cream of which
Europe linn never caught the secret,
that the total result is restful, and tha
very idea of glareor of full daylight
on the patterns is entirely absent.
It is precisely the same with Oriental
jewel. Their natural glare it kept
down by combination and want cf
polish. The Asiatic who carved la
jade and sank deep inscription into
sapphire could have faceted precious
stones a well as the cutters of Amster
dam, who nntil lately used no machin
ery, but he did not desire to do it. lie
wanted subdued effects, and made of
the garnet a carbuncle which Is a
miracle of color without glare or he
cut off, as we have seen in many emer
alds, a mere corner, so the be bolder,
instead of being bothered with Basil
ing green, should peep at will into
vve Co not say he was altogether
right as regards the diamonds he was
altogether wrong but we may rely on
it mat no anew nts business, and wfcn
he failed that he intended to fait. Ilia
intense appreciation of turfjoois -arau -dne
not only to admiration for its
color, which can be matched only lr
one or two flowers, but to tb fact tbs't
It is the one gem that, for all it bn:i
lianey of eoTor, does not flash. To
this boor the high-class Asiatic loves
the cat'a eye as the European nerer
can, because the light in it gives no
pain, but rereala itself through a sort
of dusky shade.
The Lnropean ha made lovelv isw-
els and will make lovelier ones, but he
never has made the jewels like those
oi tne Asiatic, who with inimiUu
can take from gold all its giitter with
out aimimshmg by one iota tho per
fection of its color, and will band vou
a bit of enamel in which the green is
as bright as the emerald, the red a
fiery as the ruby, and the whole as
restful to the eye as a piece of tort
lne Oriental jeweler baa another
merit, and in it lies the secret of a
possible great development in the de
mand for European jewelers wort1
lie always gives to his jewel a cer
tainty of valaa. His gold is gold cf
unadulterated parity, his silver truly
silver of the standard; his gems the
stones they are said to be. and bis
work paid for at an understood and in
variable rate. The consequences are
that he makes little, and that the mar
ket for hi commoner ware never
ceases, jewels being as much property
as English sovereigns are eaualiv
portable, nearly as capable of conceal
ment, and as fixed in valne.
Rev. Mr. Baxter on Flahlog.
The last sermon by Rev. Whan;
doodle Baxter is thus reported bv
Alex E. Sweet in Texas Siflings; Bcr
lubbed Bredderen and Sistern: De in
spired psalmist has said dat a lishia'
pole has a fool at one eend and a fish
at de odder eend, and from what 1
knows about fishin' I ain't prepared to
dispute bis word.
1 hears great deal of talk a wot
catch in' black bass, and some mem-
brums of dis heah briilaiinef
blage spends most of der time wluu
dey hain't loafih1 around de saloons
hunting for black bass, and when dey
comes home dey hain't got none. Dey
don't seem to understand how easy it
am ter find black bass. If dey had
any sense dey would know dat you kin
generally tini a black bass in da cult
ured church quire. Heah! heah! heah!
Goto fishing am. bery dansrerons.
Dar's no telling how many perils you
encounters when you goes fishin'. In
de fnst place dar's de danger of being
drowned, or giltin1 sunstrnck bekaso
de bate am too strong. But de danger
don't stop dar. Dar's de danger oo
eatin' de fish. Most ob dr sh am ful
ler ob bones den dar am discrepancies,
aboul Sam Johnsing. De most won
derful ding about de fish am how da
meat ebber got between de bones.
Eatin' fish am more dangerous den
callin' a perliceman a liar in New
Dar's lots ob fishin' groin1 on all ober
dis country dorio' de summer-mnmfi.
1 read in a paper one day last week
dat no less den one million fishing
poles am imported inter this country
ebcrv year by one firm alone, and also
that in Ohio, where dar's prohibishun
nntil yer can't rest, no less den tki'.n;
million jogs am manufactured eber;
year, all of which shows what a niau'.
dar am ter pull fish outer de water. fc
De guberment at Washington
courage de stocking ob de sir
w id fish. Hit's a mighty easy '
de guberment agents ter p'nej-rj-Iion
small trout or Germanerp inter"
a small lake or creek, hu'y Lawd, how
debblish hard it am tcrfrull oneob em?
out wid a fishin' lioe.'-: ,
De quire will DoVsinr $a B flat dat '
Mr son. oro kf r.i. Snnv Mlu
And tnr bajj htne a plenty. r TX
But shom-i-'V- , wuch five or txiinds.
JJon i vr ! s turned leal vwentv.
r - .
Irinklng la Kasst.
Thanssian saloon for tea-drinkitf
interesting feature of life in J&'
sy&n cities. The waiters are attire
Vhita from head to foot, with a
black parse at the waist, and . ,
men. Tea ia drunk alone "
lemon, and the sugar eaten j
hand. Fifteen cops are not .
for an old tea-drinker, r -