Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 29, 1890)
He who thinks to please the world Is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind.
LEBANON, OHEGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 23, 1890.
82.00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE.
THE PACIFIC COAST.
Capital of Idaho Infested
Los Angeles Trotests Against the Re
moval of Army Headquarters
to Santa Fe.
New Mexico's population is 150,159.
Taeoma's new hotel is to cost f 1,250-,
Ogden will put tip 8,000 cases of canned
tomatoes this season.
New Mexico will vote on a State Con
stitution on the 7th of Oetober'next.
The White-Cap stories from New Mex
ico are declared to be greatly sensational.
A cloudburst in the Warm Springs re
gion, Idaho, has seriously damaged the
The next Republican State Convention
in Washington will be held in Tacoma
The Grand Coulee (Mont.) coal miners
are on a strike. They claim wages are
too low to live.
The Ixxiy of E. H. Allis, the engineer
whose train was wrecked near Panta, A.
T.f has been found.
.San Diesro is to vote October 8 on the
question of issuing bonds for a new wa
ter system by the city.
mi. . . it -a. r i 1
1 UL' JTiis wen i iuuiuicruiuu, near
Santa Barbara, is down sixty-two feet,
and the pressure continues.
The organization of the Coos Bay.
Roseburg and Eastern Railroad and
Navigation Company has been completed
at Roseburg, Or.
Strong representations are being wired
to Washington in opposition to the re
moval to Santa Fe from Los Angeles of
A small sloop of about five tons, owned
by John Hartman of Irondale, Wash.,
has been seized by the customs authori
ties at Victoria, B. C
Stockmen in the Yavapai country, A.
T., complain of the high railroad tariff
on beef cattle, in consequence of which
they will drive their stock to California.
Boise City, Idaho, is infested with
tram psw ho rob people in theopen streets,
and a lynching committee will probably
be organized before the town is rid of
these lawless characters.
The Trea.ury Department has received
a dispatch from the Collector of Customs
at San Francisco stating that six China
men had been arrested at Nogales, A.T.,
for illegally entering the United States.
Southern California has t-hosen Major
Ben F. Truman as general manager of
the Chicago permanent exhibit for the
coming two years. The Santa Fe rail
road is to give a hall in the heart of Chi
cago free to the exhibit.
Four prisoners at Folsom, Cal., made
their escape bv tunneling from their cell
under the prison wail. The tunnel is
claimed to be sixty feet long, and the
prisoners are supposed to have been
working on it for months.- The ..escapes
were Matthias Blummer, Charles Geler
man, Tom Wilson and C. H. Kohler, all
A joint committee of the Board of ;
Trade and Chamber of Commerce of San J
Jose, Cal., has decided to call a conven
tion, to meet in San Jose September 16,
to consider the question of completing
the Transcontinental railway. The conn
ties of Kern, Tulare, Merced, Fresno,
San Benito, Santa Clara, San Mateo and
San Francisco will be asked to send nine i
Complaints have been made that the
treasury agents and customs authorities
at San" Francisco were careless in the
work of inspecting such dutiable
parcels as came by Asiatic and other
mails which are landed in this country
on the Pacific Coast, and an investiga"
tion is to be made by a special officer.
Dutiable articles, it is said, have passed
through the mails.
A census bulletin for Washington says
that during the calendar year of 1839
2d,464 flasks or 102 short tons of quick
silver were produced in California. All
the quicksilver produced by the United
States was from cinnabar from mines in
the following California counties : Lake,
Merced, Napa, San Benito, Santa Clara,
Sonoma, Siskiyou and Trinity, and in
one county in Oregon, namely, Doug
lass. . Morrow has 293,000 surveyed acres
in The Dalles district open to settlement.
In Wasco, Sherman, Gilliam, Morrow,
Crook and Grant counties, in The Dalles
district, there are 3,409,040 acres of sur
veyed and 350,100 acres of unsurveyed,
all" vacant. This district has also 1,457,
000 acres of Northern Pacific railroad
lands, which will be thrown open for
settlement in the near future. Morrow
is about evenly divided between The
Dalles and La Grande districts.
The suit of J. D. Spreckels and others
against the Pacific Coast Steamship
Company to recover $50,000 on marine
libel in the admiraltv for salvage on the
steamer State of California was up for
trial one day last week before Judge
Hoffman in "the United States District
Court at San Francisco. The plaintiffs
claim that on January 3, 1890, while the
State of California was disabled through
the breaking of her machinery and
drifting along the coast in a helpless
condition, their tug Relief came to her
rescue some 150 miles up the coast from
that port, and towed her safely into the
harbor. The defendants deny the valid
itv of the claim on the ground that they
had contracted with the plaintiffs toper
form the work of going to the steamers
rescue ; that they chartered the plaintiffs'
steamers to do such work, and that,
while they sent out another steamer for
that purpose, the Relief was also engaged
for the same purpose.
A number of Italian fishermen of San
Francisco have been accustomed to carry
on a thriving business with the canner
ies in Sacramento by selling them
their catches of salmon. Lately, how
ever, the relations between the fisher
men and the canners have been some
what strained. The fishermen demanded
5 cents per pound for salmon, and were
offered only 3 cents. This rate was re
fused, and a combine has been effected
among the fishermen. They determined
to take their fish down to San Francisco
rather than accept the canners' prices,
and the other afternoon the novel scene
presented itself at the fishermen's wharf
of a dozen or more fishing smacks loaded
"down with thousands of fish, which
were for sale at 25 cents each. In con-
. versation with one of the fishermen a
reporter was informed that the cannery
men had made a cut because heavy in
voices of fruit were being received at the
canneries, and the fish-canning industry
was temporarily shelved for that of fruit
packing. The "fishermen rather than ac
cept the prices are determined to boy
cott the canneries and let the public
reap the benefit of it.
TRUSTS AND MONOPOLIES.
What the Pnblic Regulation of Combina
tion Will Lead To.
An actual trust of a strong typo has
the power to make outside rivalry
perilous. It may push prices beyond
the point where new establishments
would ordinarily be created, and to the
point where they are in danger of being
created in the faoe of the special risk.
When the profits of the combination
tempt men to take the chances of a life-and-death
battle with it, extortion
must stop. The interest of the public,
and especially of the working class, de
mands that it should stop far within
the limit thus set; yet there seems to
be no clearly defined economic influ
ence that can compel it to do so. I n so
far as potential competition is con
cerned, the public may suffer much
from the exactions of trusts, and the
workmen may experience more than
their due proportion of the erlL Is
there, then, a further influ
ence that can be depended
on to curtail extortion? Our brief ex
perience answers the questions. The
attitude of the people toward trusts im
poses a check on their action that is
beginning to take a definable shape. It
does not follow that the managers ol
combinations care for the people in the
least; there is a limit to the extent to
which they can afford to antagonize
them. Publio action will take place
only when there is a considerable rea
son for it, and it is good policy to
avoid giving such a reason. The action
of the people, when it takes a positive
shape, is in the main through courts
and Legislatures. But can not a trust
own a court and a Legislature? Possibly;
yet it may prove more difficult than it
has been for corporations to own them.
Back of the court and the Legislature, in
a contest with trusts, stand the people.
Labor organizations are, in this con
nection, a positive and welcome
factor. They enable the general
opposition of the people of such
monopolies aa we are discussing
to make itself felt In a way that
would otherwise be out of the question.
They control votes that Legislatures,
courts and, indirectly, trusts mut
respect We are entering an era of
public regulation of monopolies. We
are making our first experiments in ac
quiring the art of such retaliation. The
monopolies are here to stay; and while
they have, by reason of latent competi
tion, far less power than careless
thought attributes to them, they have
power enough to make energetic publio
action a moral certainty in the near
future. We shall not need to own these
monopolies it only we can wisely reg
ulate them. That, however, is the
nature of the alternative that is pre
sented: "Buy out monopolies or control
them." is the word. Possibly, in the
buying out of monopolies, some would
have us omit the formality of paying
for them. Socialism everywhere looks
for the absorption of trusts by the
state with or without confiscation.
Sound thinking substitutes regula
tion for ownership; and events are,
in a way, to decide, between the
two in a summary manner. A public
action that shall wisely and successful
ly regulate trusts will make actual So
cialism a very remote contingency. It
will be, in the end. welcome to the
trusts themselves. A moderate gain
that is lawful and safe will be more at
tractive to capital than a large one that
Is irregular and perilous. The publio
regulation of trusts is something that
easts its shadow before, and the
shadow is an ever widening one.
While a . decision of a court
or a legislative statute Is imminent it
affects the action not only of the trusts
that is directly touched by it, but of all
others. Potential publio action, like
potential competition, keeps extortion
within bounds. One actual decision,
one actual limiting statue, has the ef
fect of holding a lash over all
organizations of the kind that
it actually strikes. What we
now see is the beginnings
of the process a few decisions,
many bills not yet passed, some tenta
tive work with commissions. But these
mere beginnings suffice to throw some
restraint on the action of monopolies.
The perfecting of the system of regula
tion may involve a painful and costly
process; but it can only end by trans
lating us into a new economic era, one
in which the state, on the one hand,
and an industrial society on the other,
will see what is their true relation to
each other, and will spontaneously as
sume it. We may theorize as we will
about the limits of state action; studies
in this direction have a speculative in
terest Events are giving us a science
of the relation of the state to industry
almost faster than we can make one in
the study. J. B. Clark, in New En
glander and Yale Review.
The Early Use of Soap.
The remains of a well-organized soap
factory have been found in the ruins of
Pompeii. Tyler says the first express
mention of it occurs in Pliny and Galen;
and the former declares it to be an In
vention of the Gauls, though he prefers
the Germ;i to the Gallic soap. In
remote periods clothes were cleansed
by being rubbed or stamped upon in
water. Nausicaa and her attendants,
Homer tells us, washed theirs by tread
ing upon them with their feet in pits of
water. Odyssey, book vi. The manu
facture of soap began in London in 1524,
before which time it was supplied by
Bristol at one penny per pound.
Christian at Work.
Portions ot tue ttime are to-day
translated into twenty-five times
many tongues as were heard on the day
of Pentecost During the present centu
ry alone it has been put into 250 lan
guages five times as many as during
the preceding eighteen. More copies
were sent into circulation last year than
existed in the whole world at the begin
riing of the century.
At a recent meeting of Congregational
ministers in Chicago, it was unanimously
voted that Drs. Williams and Noble
Should prepare an appeal to American
churches for an annual subscription of
$10,000 for aggressive work in France.
This work is to be done under the con
trol of the France Evangelical Societies,
of which Prof. L. J. Bertrand is now the
representative in this country.
Less than one hundred years ago
was organized the first Protestant For
eign Missionary Society. Now there
are more than 200 such societies. These
have a force of more than 7,000 mission
aries and assistant missionaries, and
more than 85,000 native helpers, of
whom 8,000 are ordained. Thirty years
ago there was not a Woman's Foreign
Missionary Society in America. Now
there are thirty-nine, with 25,000 auxil
iaries, more than 8,000 children's bands,
and an aggregate income of more than
f 1,780, 000. Advance,
Texas Judge Killed by the Wife of
a ueteateu Laminate.
The Minority Makes Its Report in the
The total assessed value of Kansas as
fixed by the State Equalizers is 34o,4o0,-
Three Enelish engineers have eone to
inspect the route of the Labrador Coast
A line from the dairv districts to sup
ply New York with milk is the latest
project in pipe-laying.
A disease, which some lelieve to be
anthrax, has appeared among cattle at
There is much doubt over the passage
of a Federal Supreme Court relief bill at
this session ot Uongress.
Returns to the Census Bureau from the
South are discouraging the immediate
South Dakota's Supreme Court has
rendered a decision sustaining the pro
hibition of the liquor traffic.
Warden Durston savs the official re
port will show that the execution of
Kemmler was a great success.
In one of the Chicago hospitals 25 per
cent, of the patients are suffering from
the effects oi cigarette-smoking.
The total product of pig iron for 18S9-
90 in the Southern States was 50,346
tons, against 1,780,909 tons in 1890.
The Connecticut peach crop is said to
be a partial failure, but it is relatively
better than that of Nw Jersey and Det-
The steamship Norniandie has arrived
at New York with the statue of Lafay
ette, which France has presented to the
A man in New Orleans confesses to a
murder committed in England thirty
five years ago, for which an innocent
man was hanged.
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Nettleton confirms tlie report that the
Corwin has been ordered to Alaska, but
will say nothing further.
II. II. Simpson is on his way to this
country from Australia to engage a base
ball team. He represents a svndicate
with a capital of f 100,000.
Systematic depredstions of books in
the'niails from the Philadelphia postof
fice have been discovered and a clerk
arrested, charged with the theft.
The Committee on Commerce has .re
ported favorably to the House the Senate
bill to provide tor the inspection of live
cattle and beef products intended for ex
port to foreign countries.
Smallpox is ravaging Guerrero, a Mex
ican border town, and Texas towns are
becoming alarmed over the possibility of
being afflicted with the contagion unless
quarantine is established.
At a meeting of the trunk line passen
ger agents at New lork it was decided
to give a 2-cent per mile rate for ten or
more persons traveling on one ticket on
any road ot the association.
Judge Max Stein of Hidalgo county,
Texas, was killed in Renos, Mexico, tiv
Mrs. Delia McCabe. The trouble grew
out of an election, in which Mrs. Mc
Cabe fl husband was defeated.
Among the contributions to the $1,000
fund to endow a bed in the Monmouth
(Ji. J.) memorial hospital is that of J.
B. Haggin, who gave $100, and many
prominent turtmen made donations.
Two hundred farmers of Huron coun
ty, Mich., have asked for public aid be
cause their crops were totally destroyed
by the storm which swept over the east
ern portion of the county at harvest
Seventeen soldiers acting as a patrol
for the City Custom-house at the City of
Mexico deserted in a body after killing
their Lieutenant. Cavalry is in pursuit
of the deserters, three of whom have
New York's Board of Health warns
the public to beware of the average
towel sunnlv at the public baths, as in
vestigation has shown that many victims
of ophthalmia can trace their affliction
to that source.
The Denver Lottery Company, which
recently opened headquarters in Kansas
City, Ivan., has vacated its office, and its
officers tied the town alter having re-
ceived $30,000 by the sale of tickets, etc.,
leaving all prizes nnpaid.
Many of the people of Newfoundland
express themselves as strongly in favor
of annexation with the United States, if
there is not a satisfactory settlement of
the fisheries question, which is now
causing so much anxiety on the island.
George Faribault, Chief of the Indian
Police at Standing Rock agency, N. D..
is dead. He was the Daniel Boone of
Minnesota and a man of great influence
among the Indians. He saved the lives
of many whites during the Indian
The minority report on the Clayton
Breckinridge election contest has been
made to the House. It charges that the
majority report was "unfounded in
truth, not justified by the evidence and
is defaced by the repetition of partisan
slander.not sustained y any testimony."
Representative Carter of Montana re
ported to the House from the Committee
on Mines and Mining a bill to provide
for the examination and classification of
certain mineral lands in Montana and
Idaho within the land-grant and indem
nity land-grant limits of the Northern
Pacific Railroad Company.
A Niagara Falls newspaper starts the
report that an English syndicate is at
work getting options on land on both
sides of the Niagara, near Lewiston. The
object is stated to be the extension of
the Canadian River railroad, building a
bridge across the river and starting a
large manufacturing establishment.
The Kansas Railroad Commission in
reducing local rates on cereals 32 per
cent, and on other articles 10 per cent,
asserts that local rates have been main
tained for some years after distance
rates had been reduced because the roads
of the State were embarrassed, but that
current earnings which are undoubted
ly most favorable now justify a reduc
tion. A Memphis electric-light company was
sued for $499.99 damages a few days ago
for destroying a shade tree in the yard
of a citizen. The damages were decreed
by default. The President of the com
pany was subsequently arraigned before
a Justice, charged with trespass in put
ting up tie wires. He waived an exam
ination, and was bound over to the Crim
PITH AND POINT.
A good word Is an easy obligation;
but not to speak ill, requires only out
ailenoe, which costs us nothing.
The world is seldom so badly fooled
as when it accepts a man at his own es
timate of himself. -Milwaukee Jour
nal. An honest man who lacks judgment,
is more dangerous than a thief who has
discretion. Opie P. Bead.
Every man should have a good
opinion of himself. He may find it bard
to persuade other people to perform
this arduous duty for him. Somerville
The power of the mind over the
body is immense. Let that power be
called forth, let it be trained and exer
cised, and vigor both of mind and body
will be the result :
You never know until the big man
who licked you has turned: the corner
how tr any men there was in the crowd
whose sympathies were with you in the
fight Atchison Globe.
Amidst the world's babbling we are
often wishing for a period of silence, and
longing for the wings of a dove to carry
ca to a place of rest And yet how soon
the solitude disgusts us and makes us
hurry back to the haunts of men.
If you want to look for heroes in
our day you must go down to the
kitchen, you must go to the sewing
attics, you must go where persons en
dure every thing almost without a mur
mur, where they divide their penny
with their parents, and work on through
days and months and years, and die in
wretchedness and neglect The Old
Every useful invention has been
carried out and perfected by the co-operation
of many minds, or by the suc
cessive applications ot varied genius to
the same object, age after age. The
mechanic must aid the philosopher, or
he must stand still in his demonstra
tions; and the philosopher must aid the
mechanic or he will work and work
without wisdom. Once a Week.
The higher or more elevated a per
son gets in life the more responsibility
is encountered. Hence it is doubtful if
any greater happiness is had in one con
dition of life than another, providing a
person has respect for himself, and will
do what he honestly feels to bo right
the only method, by the way, of deter
mining what right U. Nature will not
allow a human being any rest and just
as fast as knowledge is obtained it must
be utilized in order to maintain a uni
form degree of happiness. The House
hold. WIT AND WISDOM.
To know how to be silent is more
difficult and more profitable than to
know how to speak.
The trouble with cheerful people is
that their cheerfulness is so hard to
nub. Atchison Globe.
There was never a crank born that
a shrewd worker didn't turn "it" to his
own uses. Ashland lress.
Suspicious people torture themselves
while those they are afraid of are calmly
Bleeping. Milwaukee Journal.
A man is known by the company he
does not keep, in a measure, as well as
by the company he does keep. N. O.
The human heart is like a feather
bed. It must be roughly handled, well
shaken and exposed to a variety of
turns, to prevent it becoming hard.
Timidity creates cowards and never
wins success. It is a strong and abiding
faith in one s own ability to perforin
which overcomes difficulties that others
think can not be surmounted.
The truest successes In life are not
those Into which people fall by accident,
r those which they win by a single bold
stroke, but those into which they grow
by a slow and sure unfolding of capac
ity and power.
In all our active service we do best
when working in company with our
friends. Retirement is necessary, but
coming out from it to be "workers to
gether," is the rule of our efficiency.
The hours we pass with happy pros
pects in view, are more pleasing than
those crowned with fruition. In the
first case, we cook the dish to our own
appetite; in the latter, nature cooks it
for us. The Household.
It is the perversity of human nature
that makes the things of mortality dear
er to us in proportion as they fade from
our hopes, like birds, whose hues are
only unfolded when they take wing and
vanish amid the skies. Owen Meredith.
The stranger who insists on giving
you his confidence, either takes you for
a fool and is trying to play on your cre
dulity, or else he wants to warm him'
self at a fire kindled by bis own vanity.
and for which you furnish the fuel.
Opie P. Raid.
A rich man is he who lives upon
What he has. owes nothing and is con
tented, for there is no determinate sum
of money, no quantity of estate thatcan
make a man rich, since no man is truly
rich that has not so much as perfectly
satiates his desire of having more; for
the desire of more is want, and want Is
Rights of Citizen In Ills Kome.
The citizen may, in his own home.
wear what clothes he likes, use what
language he likes, and, generally
r peaking, may do in his own home
what he pleases to do; save only the
things which conflict with what some
ther householder happens to please at
the same time, or the things of which
the consequences would be injurious to
the whole body of citizens. In Boston,
for Instance, he may, in his own house.
wear freely, which he can not do out
ride withou' committing a misdemeanor;
In Washington he may take the name
of the Trinity in vain, while it he does
it in the streets, he renders himself
liable to be ned twohogsheadsof tobac
co; and in Maine and Kansas, ifbecanget
wine and beer into his house he may
drink it without let or hindrance, and
without a physician's certificate.
How Ha Retrenched.
Mr. Billus (looking over his expense
Account) "Maria, we spent exactly $50
more than our income last year. We've
got to retrench." Mrs. Billus "It
wasn't my fault John. I didn't lose $75
on the eleotion. nor pay out $40 in club
dues, nor spend 805 for cigars, nor run
through with 8120 in three days at the
races, nor indorse a note for $200 or a
mere acquaintance and lose it, nor-
Mr. Billus (still looking through the ex
pense account) "None of these things
account for that $50. Oht Here it is
'Subscription for pastor's salary, $501
Maria, we can't stand that! The preach
er will have to get along without any
thing from ma this year. "Chicago Trib
La Grippe Causes Quite a Panic
Germany Will Compromise with the Cath
olics by Returning One-Half of
the Confiscated Property.
A Swedish scientific expedition has
been Bent to Spitzbergen.
An English syndicate is anxious to
buy the Eiffel tower in Paris.
The next census of the United King
dom will be taken in April, 1391.
The Sultan of Zanzibar fears an at
tack shortly from his elder brother.
Germany is expected to use its influ
ence against Prince Ferdinand of Bul
garia. Europe will need 154.0iW.000 bushels
of w heat to supplement its own crop
The panic among the Christian inhab
itants of Armenia is spreading. Hun
dreds are fleeing to Persia.
England and Wales Bnent $21,000,000
last year in maintaining their paupers.
including the expense of caring for 75,
Ex-Khedive Ismael is in Terv bad
healthy and has been advised to proceed
forthwith to Carlsbad for a course of the
Captain Sevald .of the Norwegian
steamship Leif Ericksson reports having
been fired upon at Rio Janeiro while fly
ing the American flag.
marriageable girls" is being started in
St. Petersbuiv on the same tdan aa that
of the Moscow societv.
The increase of mendicant in Rr1in
is the subject of nesrnir mmmpnl
So many beggars as now importune in
the streets have not been known for
In the government of Podoi. Russia.
the peasants have no scruples about sell
ing their children. Instances of a verv
revolting nature are reported in a Mos
American sea captains are complainin?
of the absurdity and inconvenience of a
late edict of the Russian government,
whereby no ballast may be discharged
in ttussian pons.
All over Europe are the agents of
American theatrical and other managers
who are in search of novelties, and who
have it spread abroad that money is no
object. London is made their headquar
A movement is on foot to procure by a
writ of habeas corpus the liberation 'of
Mrs. Mavbrick, the American woman
who was sentenced to imprisonment for
life on a charge of murdering her hus
The miracle-workine wells of Galirocz
in the district of Pressbure. Hunearr.
are attracting so many thousands of pil
grims irom the surrounding countries
that the authorities nave been forced to
call in the military to keep order.
On the occasion of her marriage with
the eon of King John "of Abyssinia the
daughter of the King of Sho'a wore the
historical crown of the Queen of Sheba.
which has been treasured by the Ethi
opian Kings lor twenty-hve centuries.
The Bishop of Bloomfonteiu has re
solved on prosecuting an earnest teiiqier
ance work iu Sout h Africa. At the out
set he will particularly devote himself
to the iJechuanaiand police and the em
ployee of the British South Africa Com
The breaking-out of the influenza in
Iceland has caused a considerable panic.
as the consequences there have been se
rious. Of the 57,000 inhabitants in 1S43
2,00.) died of influenza, and in ISTti
1,500 persons were carried off by the
Dr. Nansen's expedition to the North
Pole is to start in the spring of 18.2.
His companion, Captain Sverdrup, will
take the nautical direction. He is at
f 'resent on board a fishing boat in the
'olar sea in order to practice in maneu
vering among the ice.
The recent increase of the salaries of
government officials in Germany will
swell the civil list in the Postal Depart
ment by about 2,50J,000. As 85,000 per
sons (85 per cent, of the German postal
employes) are affected by the increase,
no one will get a very big slice.
It is said that Germany has agreed to
a compromise, in accordance with which
she will pay back one-half of the money
value of the Bishops' property, which
was confiscated during the cultiirkampf,
and interest on the remainder.
The new law regulating the work of
minors in Russian factories is not so
stringent as the old law was. According
to the latter children below the age of 12
years were not allowed to work at all,
but the new law allows children of 10
and 12 years to be employed in factories.
The National Association of British
and Irish Millers report a decided in
crease in wheat productions in Russia,
Ron mania, Austria and Hungary. They
think that America is approaching the
time when she must considerably in
crease her wheat acreage or cease to be
a wheat-exporting country, such will be
the home demand.
A complete list of the Sultan's wives
shows that he has five first-class wives
valides, twenty-four second-class or mor
ganatic wives and some 250 third-class
partners, variously described as " favor
ites " and " slaves." The care and at
tendance of the female establishments
require the services of 6,000 persons,
who are the only people in Turkey who
receive their full pay with regularity.
In the agreement by which Heligo
land is ceded to Germany young Kaiser
William, who by the careful and delib
erate conclusion of the united States of
Germany is the German Emperor and
not the Emperor of Germany, appears
as the " Emperor of Germany." The
use of this title in the English counter
part of the deed was insisted upon by
the German foreign office, although it is
entirely contrary to the intention of the
A new department store is to be erect
ed in Chicago with a front of 193 feet on
State street, 350 on Adams and 100 on
Dearborn, will be sixteen stories high
and will cost $3,000,000. It will be con
structed of steel. The ground rental of
the location is f lo4,UUU per annum.
W. J. Vaderwikelstein, who introduced
into Australia the rabbits which have
been for years the pest and the despair
of that vast country, is stiU living in
Melbourne, broken-hearted and weary of
life because of the anguish which that
great mibtake has brought him.
THE GENEROUS FARMER.
Aa Old-Fahloned Story with a Moral at
tho End of IU
One day as Farmer Brill was sittinir
under the wide-spreading branches of
bis favorite apple tree a boy about
fifteen years of age, whose appearance
indicated that he was both tired and
hungry, came along from the direction
of Boston and halted and said:
"If you please, kind sir, would you
let me cull a few harvest apples to fill
up the vacuum in my stomach ?"
Now, Farmer Brill was noted aa a
very stingy man. While he was strict
ly honest he was so stingy that he
wouldn't sharpen his axe for fear of
wearing out the grindstone. The request
of the boy so paralyzed him that he
gasped for breath, and for several min
utes was unable to speak. He was
about to jump up and give the young
ster a blast which would scare - him out
of a year's growth, when some strange
fiownr restrained him, and much to his
amazement he found himself replying:
"Yes, my good boy, you can have a
whole bushel if you want them."
"Thanks, kind sir," replied the boy;
"Heaven will surely reward you for
your great liberality."
He climbed over and began to put the
largest and finest apples where they
would ao toe most good, while Farmer
Brill looked on in a mystified way and
wondered whether he was asleep or
awake. The boy had eaten bis fill, and
was about to request the loan of a two
bushel bag in order that he might take
some apples along to serve him as a
luncheon, when a band of Indians sud
denly burst from the sugar-bash with
blood-curdling yells and made for the
house. There were fourteen of them,
and they were under the lead of "He-Who-Hankers-for-Scalps."
come to kill and destroy, and as the
farmer heard them he went down into
his boots with the exclamation:
"Alas! my goose is cooked I"
But how was it with our boy hero,
whose name, by the way, was Charles
von Tottenham? He took in tho situa
tion at a glance, sprang for an old
scythe hanging in a cherry-tree, and the
next instant he bounded forward with a
wild yell and shouted:
"Back, cravens, or I will destroy
But the cravens came on, and the work
of death began. With one powerful
sweep of this terrible weapon Charles
cut seven of them down, and at the next
only one was left alive. This was a
warrior named Pink-Eye, and with a
cream of anguish which was heard
high above the squealing of the hungry
pigs in the pen he fled to the depths of
the forest to carry the news to his chief.
"Farmer Brill, I have saved you!"
aid the boy, as he stood beside the
helpless old man.
"By gum, but so yon have!" gasped
the man, finding his voice with a great
r Then he got up and hugged Charles,
and offered him all the young, sweet
turnips be wanted to eat and sent him
away with his blessing, and when he
came to overhaul the dead and figure up
the money and pearls and diamonds
found in their hip-pockets he saw that
he was rich for life. Turning from the
wagon-load of wealth at his feet to view
the boy hoofing it down the road in tho
direction of Tatertown, Farmer Brill
extended his hands and solemnly ob
served: "A good action is never thrown away
never. Even if I had given that boy
a nickel I should still be a long ways
ahead of the game." Detroit Free
THE READING OF NOVELS.
It Is the Moit Complete and Satisfactory
Rest for tho Worilnf Mind.
It is a significant fact -that many of
the hardest intellectual workers turn
at times to fiction with intense and
eager interest After the tension ot
prolonged thought or sustained investi
gation the mind is immensely refreshed
by contact with human life in some
good story. In the first despairing mo
ments which followed the confession to
Carlyle that a part of the manuscript of
the "French Revolution" had been de
stroyed, the great Scotchman, whose
working power was phenomenal, tells
as that he plunged into Marryat s nov
els to secure distraction, and that the
effort was successful. Bismarck, one of
the most powerful minds of the century,
is always surrounded by piles of the
most recent novels; while Gladstone,
another pre-eminently vigorous and
trained intellect is continually show
ing bis intentst in fiction by public
comments and commendations. It is
sometimes a man's duty to leave the
serious books in his library untouched
and to devote himself entirely to the
lightest novels upon which he can lay
Since many ot the masterpieces of
literature are in the department of fic
tion, it is hardly necessary to add that
there are many novels which ought to
be studied as one studies a play of
Shakespeare's or a poem of Browning's.
Ignorance of the best modern fiction in
volves ignorance of a very large part of
the best modern literature; for in no
other department, save that of criti
cism, has the modern mind been so
active and so creative. One returns
again and again to George Eliot's
earlier novels for their profound phi
losophy of life, their wonderful insight
into character, their sustained and no
ble eloquence of style. "Adam Bede,"
The Mill on the Floss" and "Romola"
are as serious and substantial contribu
tions to human knowledge, in every
way as worthy of profound study, as
Montaigne's "Essays," or Carlyle's
"Hero Worship," or Macaulay's brill
iant dissertations. They are not books
to read lightly or for mere enter
tainment; they are books to be
studied; they are masterpieces not only
In the fineness of their form, but be
cause they contain the "life-blood of a
master spirit, embalmed and treasured
op on purpose to a life beyond life."
These novels are named, not . because
they are pre-eminently above other
novels, but because they represent a
whole class of books of the highest and
more lasting interest and importance.
The great novelists have been among
the great teachers of this century. One
can not know France without knowing
Balzac, nor England without knowing
Thackeray, nor Russia without knowing
Tourgueneff, nor Germany without
knowing Heyse, nor Spain without
When you are tired, anxious ' or over
burdened, the " Immediate duty is the
duty" of rest and there is no form of rest
so complete for the active working mind
as the reading of a good story. When
you are in the working mood, eager for
! knowledge of life and for the study of
literary art, read the great novels dis
criminatingly, intelligently, thoughtful
ty. Christian Union,
A JAPANESE CLUB.
Tho Pooplo From tha .Land of tho Klkad
Da Well In Gotham.
Over In Chambers street there Is a
rather dingy-looking office on the
second floor of an old-fashioned build
ing, which is too conservative to faavo
an elevator in it
If you climb the stairs and cast your
eye upon one of the doors opening into
the office in question you may see a
notice on it setting forth that within is
the Japanese Consulate. Most persons
pass it by without paying any attention,
for in the minds of a majority of New
Yorkers the Japanese contingent in
this city represents but little in point
of numbers or in any other way. That
Is where the majority of New .Yorkers
are in error.
Should you happen to be in this same
Japanese Consulate on many occasions
one thing will strike you very forcibly.
No ragged person ever comes, inco it
unless, indeed, it be one of the race of
peripatetic beggars who viait every
down-town office. No one comes into
this consulate wanting to be assisted in
getting away from this land of the free
and home of the brave because it has
failed to provide him with a living.
Probably there Is no other consulate in
this city of which the same can be said.
Probably, too, there is no class of people
in our heterogeneous population who
are quite as prosperous, comparatively
peaking, as the Japanese who are lo
cated here. And yet but little is known
of them, for they have a wonderful
faculty of attending to their own busi
ness, and doing it in an unobtrusive
For the last decade or so the number
ef Japanese in New York has been con
stantly increasing, and bow the colony
Is a very good-sized one. What la more,
it is made up of men of more than mod
Few races, not English speaking,
hare shown greater inclination to adopt
American customs than have the Jap
anese who have located in this city.
They dress and talk like Americans;
they attend our theaters and mingle in
our society, and in every way they seem
to assimilate themselves with the condi
tions that surround them. Unlike the
Chinese and other nationalities, they
have not settled in any particular lo
cality, but are scattered through' it
this city and Brooklyn- Pleasant aid
satisfactory neighbors they make, too.
The New York Japanese have their
club bouse, however. It i a good
aized dwelling on West Twenty-second
Street, between Sixth and Seventh ave
nues. Handsomely fitted up with both
Japanese and American furnitnre it is,
and as for treasures 'n brio-a-brac, this
particular club house is way ahead of
manv swell American club houses. It
roes without saying, almost that there
may be had such t' a as can be had in no
other club house or cafe in all New
York. The club has a Japanese cook.
Its library Is well filled with Japan
ese books and its reading-room tabs
are freighted with Japanese news;
per. There are receptions on the an
niversaries of the birthday of the Japs a
ese Emperor and on such other occa
sions as may be decided upon. Near'y
all the Japanese in this city belong to
the club, and it is about as well man
aged an organization as there is in the
It is stated that there is not a Japan
ese pauper in New York, and that a a
matter of fact, there are very few who
do not possess at least moderate mean.
N. Y. Mail and Express.
AN UNLUCKY WATCH.
Tt Baa Been lxt Many Tlmoa Bat Al-
wari Returned Back to Its Owner.
Less than a dozen years ago a hand
some watch traveled from Switzerland
to a Providence (R. L) jeweler's, where
in a show window it attracted atten
tion as a proper gift to bestow upon a
friend. It was purchased, put in a
pretty case with a chatelaine attached.
and the whole was lost before the pur
chaser arrived home. Three days later
it was advertised as found, and was
again restored to the possession of i ts
purchaser. It was bestowed upoa.
the friend. Before many days, after
the lady had returned from a drive.
the watch was discovered to have drop
ped from its chatelaine. Three weeks
later it was Carried into a jewelers
tore for sale, was recognised and re
covered. Sitting on the rocks at Narragansetft
Pier one summer day, and wondering if
It were yet late afternoon, the owner of
the watch glanced down to see the
time and discovered that the watch
was again missing. It had been securely
fastened, but the chatelaine had broken
and let go the time-keeper. Going
back to the hotel the lady v as accosted
by an elderly man with a question:
'Have you lost any thing, miss?" "Yes,
a watch." "Here it is," and uninjured
the watch was returned to VuO owner.
The chatelaine being stoutly repaired
the watch was worn to Philadelphia.
Of course it was lost there, but it was
found by the chambermaid in the hotel
and mailed to the owner in Rhode
Island by the proprietor of the housek
Expostulation, proffered advice, which
Is said to possess an unpleasant odor.
and chidings failed to induce tha owner
to stop wearing the watch. :
Recently it hang, with numerous oth
er trinkets, suspended from the chate
laine worn from the girl's side. Sh
stood oa a wharf looking down-into the
water. "How deep is jit down there?
was asked. "About fifteen feet
"When the tide is out?" "Yes." Plunge
went something into the green water
llow. "What was that, a fish?" asked
a bystander. Bat the girl knew better,
and she innocently covered the chate-
laiaewith one hand and said: "I think
It was a fish; I thought I saw him flop.'
Oa her way home she said to her com
panion: "Say, you know that fish that
Bopped so? Uml Well, it was my
shatalaine watch. It dropped in there
karspang and went to the bottom." And
when the man got all through seoldicz
the girl said: "It'll come back; it's got
tol 1 suppose a fish will swallow It anl
I shall buy that: same ; fish of tha
peddler. Oh, it's got to coma back!"
The train which recently carried the
emperor of Japan to Nagoya made, it is
aid, the best record ever reported oyer
a Japanese road. It traversed the dis
tance of 226 miles between Tokyo and
Nagoya In nine and a half hours, includ
ing stoppagea. -
The Limbless league Is the latest po
litical organization. It flourishes in
Schuylkill county. Pa., and according to
its founder, Arthur Jones, has 2,700
members who have lost either aa arm or
A Horse's Loaz Swim.
A pair of horses attached to a heavy
truck belonging to Smedley Brothers, and
driven by Louis Woods, became fright
ened near the head of Long Wharf, Ut
New Haven, Conn,, and ran away, la
his efforts to control the animals Woods
broke the bit in the mouth of tha oS
horse and they sped down tha wharf at
a breakneck pace. Just before reacMa g
tha end Woods jumped, seeing that the
horses would go over into tha harbor.
This they did a moment later, horses
and truck disappearing in water tea feet
deep. . For a moment the team was oat
of sight. Then one horse appeared cn
the surface and struck oat for the East
Haven shore, a mile and a half acroS
tha harbor. Some men foEowed in a
About a quarter of a mile from tha
yharf tha horse struck mud and flomi-
tiered. He -was helped up by the me a ia
the rowbofit and again started for tho
shore, A short distance further oa ha
again struck a mud bank and rolled over
on his back, but once more he was as
sisted to bis feet, and working his way
through the mud reached deep water.
He swam as straight as an arrow, and
did not need further assistance lis til
within a short distance of the shore, -when
he struck a reef of fine etone and
disappeared under the water. The
spectators on shore held their breath la
expectancy that he had gone down for
good, but the next instant he cams to
the surface, and clearing tho reef found
firm foothold and walked ashore
through water about three feet deep.
He was in aa exhausted condition after
his mile and a half swim, and did not
manifest any disposition to run further.
The other horse was drowned. With tha
assistance tf a derrick the truck was
raised to the wharf. Cor. New York
lee Cream's Bfz.
Mofcer Frochard stood near the door
of the AmphioQ theatre, and her cart
bore lickings of hoky poky many. ; .
Ice was high, the weather was cold.
and the soul cf Mother Frochard was
angry within her.
Yet the sun was high, and if yon but
stood well ia its beams yon might per
haps if the hoky poky habit were well
developed in you obtain a wish for a
licking of the same from a piece of dirty
paper. At least a score of fmaH boys
felt the inward longing,but alas! Iika
Simple Simon, they had not tha neces
sary penny, ixiey stood about and eyed
the chafing woman and her cart with
looks like those of Lazarus at- the rich
At length a scion of wealth approach
ed, airily jingling several coins in tha
pockets of his trouserlets.
"Give us a cent's worth," ha said
haughtily, as became a scion of wealth.
Then Mother Frochard's ire arose.
"A cent's worth f she screamed; "a
cent's worth f and she flourished her
ladle in the face cf the scion of -wealth
in a manner to make him blink. "Xerll
get no cent's worth of me tho day. Two
cents a lick this summers the price. Let
ma tell yes that, young felly. Don't yea
know that ice has riz?" -
The scion of wealth turned trembling
ly away, and when it was too late Moth
er Frochard looked as if she had been too
hasty. . , v
Beware, monopolists. You may go too
far on this ice question. New York
The Iowa Meteor.
Jens Johnson, traveling agent of tha
Northern Pacific, has brought to St Paul
several specimens of the famous meteor
picked np from the spot where it fell,
twelve miles from Forest City, la. Tha
specimens out-charcoal charcoal in black
ness where they have been exposed to tha
air, and the inner substance is a steely
gray. The wonderful thing about them
is their weight Though undoubtedly
metallic the specimens are remarkably
light for their size, about one-quarter as
heavy as an ordinary pebble of corelative
one piece, the largest found, weighed 110
pounds, and was purchased by Professor
Wmchell, of Minneapolis, for $105. But
the professor only reached Forest City
with his prize. He bought it from Peter
Hogan, who found it on a farm of which
ho is the lessee. The owner of the farm
has sued Hogan to gain possession of tho
huge air traveler, and the specimen is
held until tha derision nf tha tmit. St
Paul Pionwr Pi-ess.
Am Unappreciated Orgaat.
Not many months ago a number of
the ladies of the congregation of Budge's
chapel, a few miles north of Mount
Pleasant. Tex., set to work by means of
church suppers to raise money enough
to buy an organ. - How well they suc
ceeded the organ itself was there to tes
tify ten days ago; but, however much
it improved the harmony of the song
service, it left .the unity of tha congrega
tion hopelessly broken. Tha conserva
tive party was small but obstinately set
against this instrument of Satan. Sun
day the congregation sang ia the old
way, or in tha still hours of the night
somebody bad carried tha organ out of
the house and made a burnt offering of
it, and only ashes and screws and wire
CtUna and Japan at Odd.
In well informed circles tha prospect
of war between China and Japan is be
ing seriously discussed. The bono of
contention is Japan's claim to the Lui
Chin Islands as Japanese territory, and
aa the Chinese are said to be determined
to fight unless Japan gives np the islands
in question it is quit possible that fight
ing may ensue. At all events, tha
Chinese government ia said to be ener
getically preparing a squadron for active
service, a fact which perhaps serves to
account for the recent marked increase
of Russia's naval and military forces ia
tha far east. London Figaro.
The Neglige Shir.
Now is the time to formulate a plan of
campaign in regard to -wearing tha
neglige shirt by business men during
business hours in the city. Daring the
winter there are a larfco-atanber of
who bravely d eel ar that they will wear
tha aforesaid shirty next season in spite
of all possible sneers and criticisms. But
when summer comes it is found that they
invariably weaken; and they stick to the
old regular edition of "boiled"' shirt. Dur
ing the last winter the movement ia fa
vor of the neglige shirt is said to have
grown in strength and it ia believed that
tha coming summer will witness its tri
umph. But -this is a 'little doubtful.
What is needed is for the neglige shirt
diciples to get together. Organization
always leads to victory in politics. W1
ahonl.l it not lead to virinrv in thij -
1 . , . . TP V ' .t.