The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898, August 22, 1890, Image 1

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He who thinks to please the world is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind. ;
; i : I ' i
Letters at Tacoraa Addressed to
Our War Secretary.
Prominent Portland Business Man Taken
for a Deer and Shot and Killed
by His Companion.
The population of Utah is reported at
"Woo You, a Chinese domestic at Pan
Francisco, was shot while on his way to
work by a highbinder.
Wellington strikers are ordered to ap
pear in court at Victoria to answer
.charges of intimidating miners.
Rev. T. B. Cherrington, formerly of
the University of California, has been
chosen Preside'nt of Puget Sound Univer
sity at Tacoma.
Money to build the San Luis Key
:flume has been raised in Chicago, and
work will soon begin. This will irrigate
HOC ,00 acres of San Diego land.
'Jhe situation at Wellington is un
changed. The striking miners are still
s idle. There is much indignation among
ithem over the fact that militia has been
: sent there.
Jack McGuirk, a resident of Mariposa
county, was shot f vir miles north of Ma
dera by Howard Wills, a veterinary sur
geon. "The shooting was the result of a
feud of long standing.
The Shasta Courier says a surrey is
, being made bv Chief Engineer Hood of
the Southern Pacific Company for a big
tunnel through the Siskiyou mountains.
It will be five miles long.
Near Folev Springs, Lane conntv, Or.,
W. H. Walker of Staver & Walker, Port
; land, while out hunting was accidentally
shot and killed by a companion, who
mistook Walker for a deer.
W. N. Gregory, the Southern Califor
nia agent at Oceanside, was found in the
depot with a bullethole in his forehead
and another in his neck, lying in a pool
of blood dead. A revolver was by his
John Lembrick of San Diego while on
his way to Attica, Ind., killed himself
near Albuquerque. He lost much money
in the San Diego land boom, and that
was the primal cause leading to his sui
cide. The body of a Mexican was found on
the Hassayampa desert in Arizona a few
days ago. The man had dug quite a hole
with his hands where he was found in
search of water. He had died from
A jam of logs on the Dungeness river,
Wash., has backed up a body of water
eight miles long by two miles wide. The
people living miles below the boom are
in great danger of being swept away and
their property ruined.
Bradstreet's mercantile agency reports
twelve failures in the Pacific Coast States
and Territories for the week ending Au
gust 16, as compared with sixteen for
the previous week and eleven for the
corresponding week of 1889.
Los Angeles Native Sons say the South
ern Pacific gives them $2J rates to San
Francisco, while delegates to both State
political conventions are allowed a $15
rate, and an effort is being made to se
cure better rates from the steamship
The City of Peking, twelve days and
nine hours from Yokohama, reached
Victoria August 12. Among the passen
gers for San Francisco was Rev. Dr.
.Newman, Bishop of the M. E. Church
of the United States, who had been at
tending a session of the conference in
The death of Arthur Cosgrove, who
was killed by a fall from a parachute at
East Portland, it is now said was a de
liberately planned case of suicide. Cos
grove was estranged from his wife, and
it preyed upon his mind, and when go
ing up in the balloon he said he would
never be seen alive again.
Letters have been received at the port
office, Tacoma, addressed to " Hon. Red
field Proctor, Secretary of War, Tacoma,
Wash." It iB believed there that the
Secretary is on a very important mission
that of examining into the condition
of the Northwest coast defenses, owing
to the Behring sea complications. -
An engine and four freight cars went
through a washout on the Southern Pa
cific railroad near Pantano, A. T. The
engine fell forty feet. Engineer Edward
H. Allis was buried under the locomo
tive, which is nearly covered with water
and sand. His watch and part of his
hand were found on the engine. The
body has not vet been recovered. The
deceased was from Kansas City.
During the discussion at the meeting
of the coast county delegates at San Jose
Colonel Crocker ' said that the Southern
Pacific Company could not agree to close
the gap between Santa Margarita and
Elwood in less than four years, but
might be able to do it in less time if
nothing happened to prevent it. A com
mittee to inquire into details of the
agreement will hold a conference with
Colonel Crocker soon in San Francisco.
It is definitely stated that the Pacific
Iail Company has abandoned Victoria
as a new stopping place, and will here
. after send its steamers direct to Yoko
hama and Hongkong from San Fran
. -cisco. It is understood that satisfactory
. arrangements have been made with the
- Canadian Pacific Company.wbich threat-
- ened to send its steamers to San Fran
. -cisco. Harmony again prevails between
the two companies, and each will keep
within its own boundary.
A company to purchase coal lands and
prospect ana develop them in the States
of Washington and Oregon has been in
corporated under the name of the Wash
ington Coal and Lumber Company, with
ithe principal place of business in Oak
Hand, Cal. The capital stock is $1,000,-
00 in 10,000 shares of $100 each. The
first Directors are Charles Elliott, John
K. Marsh, William T. Hallidaf , John L.
Davis of Oakland, Wesley Elliott of
Ohio and OsweH Ji. tlerscnberger ot
Linkville, Or.
An enormous flow of natural gas has
been struck at Summerland, a suburb of
Santa Barbara, Cal. About three months
ago a two-inch well was put down for
sulphur water, and struck a strong flow
- v : i. v. v. i
m gae, w iin;n uhs suit? vtrcu ubcu ikjl
fighting and domestic purposes in Sum
merland. About three weeks ago a syn
dicate of Santa Barbara and San Luis
Obispo capitalists leased the property,
and commenced to put down a ten-inch
pipe. Gas in considerable quantities
was struck at twenty-eight and thirty
four feet, and on the 14th instant at a
depth of forty-nine feet they struck a
regular gusher. The pressure" is so great
that it can be heard for blocks and so
heavy it cannot be capped. Experts es
timate that the daily flow is at least
10,000 feet. .
the Steaaur Lee Thr
a Tftnlea
Crulaer Off Her Track
During the civil war Nassau was the
chief depot of supplies for the Confeder
acy. Blockade-runners plied between
it and the ports of Charleston and Wil
mington, carrying out cotton, and bring
lng back cargoes of general merchan
dise. Captain Wilkinson, in his "Narra
tive of a Blockade-Runner," relates
many adventures which befell him on
such trips. He was in command ot the
steamer Lee, and on the 15th of August,
1S63, sailed from Wilmington to Nassau.
We passed safely through the block
aiding fleet off the New Inlet Bar, re
ceiving no damage from the few shots
fired at us, and gained an offing of thir
ty miles before daylight By this time
our supply of English coal was exhaust
ed, and we were obliged to commence
upon North Carolina coal ot very infer
ior quality, which made a terrible smoke.
This was a little after daylight. Very
soon afterward the vigilant look-out at
the mast-head called out: "Sail hoi"
and in reply to the "Where away?" from
the deck, sang out, "Right astern, air,
and in chase."
The morning was very clear. On go
ing to the mast-head I could just discern
the" royal of the chaser; and before I
came down, say in half an hour, her top
gallant showed above the horizon.
It was evident that our pursuer would
be alongside of us by mid-day at the
rate we were going. Tho first orders were
to throw overboard the deck-load ot cot
ton and to make mora steam. The sec
ond ot these orders proved to be mora
easily given than executed; the chief
engineer reported that it was impossi
ble to maVe steam with such wretched
fuel, filled with slate and dirt
A moderate breeze from the north and
east was blowing, and every stitch of
canvass on board the square-rigged
steamer in our wake was drawing. The
advantage could only be neutralized
either by bringing the Lee gradually
bead to the wind or edging away to
bring the wind aft.
The former course would be running
toward land, beside incurring the addi
tional risk of being intercepted and
captured by some of the inshore cruisers.
I began to edge away, therefore, and in
two or three hours enjoyed the satisfac
tion of seeing our pursuer clew up and
furl his sails. The breeze was stiH fresh,
but we were now running away from it,
and the cruiser was going literally as
fast as the wind, so tat the sails were
rather a hindrance than a help. But
the cruiser was still gaining upon us.
A happy inspiration occurred to ma
when the case seemed hopeless, and I
sent for the chief engineer.
"Mr. S., let us try cotton saturated
with spirits of turpentine."
There were on board, as part of the
deck-load, thirty or forty barrels of spir
its. In a few moments a bale of cotton
was ripped open, a barrel tapped, and
buckets full of the saturated material
were passed down into the fire-room.
The result exceeded our expectations.
The chief engineer, an excitable little
Frenchman, soon made his appearance
on the bridge, his eyes sparkling with
triumph, and reported a full head ot
steam. I was curious to see the effect
upon our speed, and directed him to
wait a moment till the log was hove.
I threw it myself nine and a half
"Let her go, now," I said. Five min
utes afterward I hove the log again
thirteen and a quarter!
We now began to hold our own, and
even to gain a little upon the chaser:
but she was fearfully near, and I began
to have visions of another residence at
Fort Warren. I wonder if the officers of
the cruiser could have screwed another
turn of speed out of her If they had
known that the Lee had on board, in ad
dition to her cargo of cotton, a large
amount of gold shipped by the Confed
erate Government
There was slight change in' our rela
tive positions till about six o'clock in
the afternoon, when the chief engineer
reported that the burnt cotton had
choked the flues, and that the steam was
running down.
"Only keep her going till dark," I re
plied, "and we will give our pursuer the
slip yet"
A heavy bank was lying along the
horizon to the south and east, and I saw
a possible means of escape. ' At sunset
the chaser was about four miles astern
and gaining on us.
I stationed an officer on each wheel
house, with glasses, directing them to
let me know the instant they lost sight
of the chaser in the growing darkness.
At the same time I ordered the engi
neer to make as black a smoke as possi
ble, and to be in readiness to cut it oft
by closing the dampers instantly, when
The twilight was soon succeeded by
darkness. Both officers called out at
the same moment "We have lost sight
of her," while a dense volume of smoke
was streaming far in our wake.
"Close the dampers," I called out, and
at the same moment ordered the helm
"hard a starboard."
Our course was altered eight points,
the cruiser was thrown off the track,
and two days later we arrived safely at
The Rapidity of Thought.
Prof. Donders, of Utrecht recently
made some interesting experiments in
regard to the rapidity of thought By
means of two instruments, which he
calls the neomatachograph and
the noernatachometer, he promises
some important and interest
ing results. His experiments up to date
show that it takes the brain one .067 of
a second to elaborate a single idea.
Writing in regard to this, Donders says:
'Doubtless the time required for the
brain to act is not the same in all indi
viduals; I believe, however, that these
Instruments may be perfected until we
will be able to determine the mental
caliber of our friends, without our friends
knowing that we are testing their apt
ness." The professor further says: "For
an eye to receive an impression requires
.077 of a second, and for the ear to ap
preciate a sound, .149 of a sound is all
that is necessary; which, however,
that the eye acts with nearly double the
the rapidity of the ear."
No Arg-nment Necessary.
Prisoner I don't think there will be
any need of your addressing the jury.
Lawyer Why not?
Prisoner My insanity will be in
stantly plain to them when they see
that I have retained you to conduct my
case. Puck.
And No Wonder,
"Here I've been sitting all morning
trying to write some jokes," said Funni
tuan, "and I can tell you I'm tired."
"How many jokes did you write?" in
quired Parker.
"Not one; that's what makea me so
tired." Life.
The Louisiana Farmers' Alliance
Denounces the Lottery.
The Governor of New Mexico Wants
United States Troops to Sup
press White Caps.
The Pennsylvania crops will be far be
low the average.
The drought will almost depopulate
certain portions of Kansas.
It is said that the lottery crowd is cer
tainly on top in North Dakota again.
John W. Mackay has been elected a
Director in the Canadian Pacific railway.
The net debt of Pennsylvania in 1880
was $10,940,48, and in lS'.K) it is $1,783,
02t5. Kansas City, Kan., has a population
of 38,170, an increase in ten years of 28,
822. The Governor of New Mexico wants
United States troops to suppress the
White Caps.
Careful estimates of the growing or
ange crop in Florida place it at 2,000,000
boxes, or about the same as last year.
The wheat crop of the Dakota ami
Minnesota is estimated at lOO.OOO.OJO
bushels, one of the largest ever har
vested. , v- , i I . . Hi .
nnaeye lias appvareu among came in
the vicinity of Kirkwood, 111., caused by
the unusually dry pastures and scarcity
of water. "
A war of ice dealers is threatened in
Baltimore by the announcement that
the Saloonkeepers' Association will sell
ice at 55 cents per 100 pounds.
The Louisiana Farmers Alliance de
nounces the lottery, and is negotiating
w ith members of "Congress and candi
dates to support its principles.
Cattle in large numbers are dying in
the vicinity of Shullsburg, Wis." It is
thought they are poisoned by drinking
water drained from lead mines.
The two new battle ships designed in
the Navy Department agree closely with
the 10,000-ton battle ships which France
has determined to build for its heaviest
line. '
Missouri 19 now the only State or Ter
ritory in the United States where gov
ernment lands may be taken up at pri
vate entry or purchased outright at f 1.25
an acre.
The total estimated cost of the United
States Postal Service at present is fv,
700,000. The net revenue is f56,000,O0
leaving the cost of the service $8,750,000
more than the income.
Philadelphia's population ia reported
to be 1,044.894. an increase of about 234
per cent since 1890. In the decade be
fore that the growth of the city was at
the rate of 25 per cent.
The Horida Central and Peninsula
railroad now awards a premium of $10
to each of its engineers running sched
ule trains who get through the month
without killing any cattle.
The National Bar Association, at its
meeting at Indianapolis last week, deci
ded to recommend to the State Legisla
tures the adoption of a uniform law on
1 1 - . 1 Jnr . C.a
Wilis in me uiuereiu s?iaiea.
Blair, in behalf of a majority of the
members of the Woman's Suffrage Com
mittee, has reported favorably a pro
posed constitutional amendment to give
women the right of suffrage.
Cyrus W. Field has sold to Charles
Henrv Butler 70J acres of his magnifi
cent Ardsley Park at lobbs' Ferrv, N.
Y. The consideration is said to be in
the neighborhood of $l,000,00a.
Hereafter in Canada cigar lxxes must
be destroyed as soon as emptied, the
same as in the United States. lealers
are kicking, but it is the order of the
Commissioners of Internal Revenue and
will no doubt be obeyed.
There is some talk in Washington to
the effect that President Harrison con
templates sending a special message to
the Senate, in which ne will point out
the importance of passing the Federal
Election bill this session.
There are three elevated railroads in
Brooklyn, and they have applied to
Judge Bartlett of the Supreme Court for
writs of certiorari to review the action
of the Board of Assessors infixing the
taxable value of their propert y.
General Sir Frederick Middleton leaves
Ottawa for England this week. Regard
ing his forced resignation from the com
mand of the Canadian militia, lie states
that he had been sacrificed by the gov
ernment to save the French vote.
The visible supply of grain, as com
piled at the New York Produce Ex
change is: Wheat 18,490,492 bushels,
which is an increrse of 1 ,172,813 bushels ;
corn 1,121,032,270 bushels; a decrease
of 5,712,582 bushels; oats 2,259,713
bushels, a decrease of 271,104 bushels;
bar lev 372,555 bushels, a decrease of
37,437 bushels.
Superintendent Porter expects the
work of counting the population of the
country to be completed lefore the end
of the present month, and Congress, if
it so desires, can proceed to pass an ap
portionment bill and so determine how
many members shall constitute the next
House. The population of the country
is estimated at 04,000,000.
The Senate Committee on Appropria
tions has completed consideration of the
general deficiency appropriation bill and
reported it to the Senate with a number
of amendments, which, with one excep
tion, do not largely increase the total of
the bill as it came from the House. This
exception is the provision for the pay
ment for French spoliation claims aggre
gating $1,239,88.
The struggle that has existed at Ur
bana, O., for the past year and a half
over the issuing of bonds for natural gas
purposes is ended. The City Council
has passed an ordinance to issue $225,
000 for that purpose. The work of pip
ing from Mercer countv has been let at
a cost of $221,000, to "be completed by
November 15. There is general satisfac
tion expressed by the people.
All the amendments to the river and
harbor bill affecting the Northwest have
been agreed to by the Senate. Among
them were numerous surveys of naviga
ble streams in the new States, particu
larly South Dakota and Washington. A
change was made in the extent to which
work is to be carried on on the Missouri
and in Montana by substituting Fort
Benton for Great Falls, which was made
the upper end of operations according to
the first draft of the amendment. Since
the bill passed the House a good deal of
argument has been made to individual
men on the need of these Northwestern
improvements, and the members inter
ested believe that some important works
which were refused by the House Com
mittee will be allowed to stand wnen tne
bill comes back from the House.
V Medley of Outdoor Catnri Indulged la
by English Officer In India.
A "gymkhana." Well, what Is itt
The word hi itself is a compound Hin
dostanee term, meaning tho "homo of
games," and with many another Indian
phrase has been incorporated into the
sporting vocabulary of the sport loving
Anglo-Saxon race. To put it tersely,
it is a medley of games. To enliven
the monotony of garrison life in the
many stations ' in India the officers
from time to time get up steeplechases
and athletic sports for the men. After
the conquest of the Punjaub men
learnt new games that were imme
diately dubbed "good." Tent pegging,
lemon catting, and last but not least,
"polo," were at once adopted by the
Fngliah. All these sports were incor
porated into the programme and added
new zest.
An an'onal race always forms part of
a "gymkhana." Here each competitor
brings to the starting post some quad
raped or biped. Pigs, dogs, fowls, cats,
rata, rabbits, the gentle tortoise, all are
eligible, and if some strange animal or
bird can be procured the fan is ail the
merrier. Each animal or bird mast be
held by a string, but it is not advisable
for the harmony of the race to place
the dog next in line to the cat, or the
latter in Juxtaposition to the rat. The
writer, when in Africa, saw a race in
which a secretary bird was entered with
every chance of winning. Next it was
a rat. The bird espied the rodent a few
moments before the start, and with one
thump of its foot kiUed it The next
second the rat had been swallowed.
The secretary bird was ruled out of the
race. . . " .
An obstacle race is indispensable.
This is a race for men, and it must be
left to the ingenuity of the stewards to
devise the obstacles. A race the writer
remembers began with some fairly stiff
hardies; beyond these an entangle
ment, easily made with stout stakes and
wire run in every direction around
them. Beyond that was a wide water
trenoh and then a tarpaulin, riveted in
the ground, under which the competi
tors had to crawL Next a table, with
a good old dry bun for each, which had
to be eaten, and then a large bottle of
effervescing ginger beer. Flour bar
rels, with both ends knocked out and
suspended from a scaffold, improved
the appearance of the men when they
dived through them, and a last climb
over palisades, built close together,
was about as much as most men cared
to go through in an obstacle race.
A blindfold wheelbarrow race b
amusing, especially when the pusher
makes straight for one of the adjoining
ditches. For the horsemen, a pretty
and excellent competition is "tent peg
ging.' An ordinary tent peg is firmly
fixed in the ground. Each competitor,
at full gallop, with his lance tries to
strike the peg and carry it off on tlu
tip of the lance. These lances are al
ways made of bamboo and tipped with
steel The rider carries the lance in his
right hand, with the elbow of the arm
bent well outward. If the peg is square
ly struck, the lucky rider brings it home
on the point of his lance. As a rule,
however, he comes to the finish with
only a few scraps of mother earth.
Another capital race is a riding tan
dem race. Each man rides one pony
while he drives the leader, and every
one must carry a tandem whip. A cigar
race causes a good deal of fun. The
competitors start on bareback steeds,
and, on reaching one limit. Jump off,
saddle their ponies, light a cigar and
make the best time to the winning post.
The cigar must be alight when the Judge
is reached.
Local industries may be used in aid
ing the programme. A race for soldiers
In full marching order adds to the in
terest of the sports, end the small boys
of the village will gladly Join in a potato
race. In this a certain number of po
tatoes are placed in a line, and each
youth's task is to run and pick them
lip, one by one, and return them to a
basket. New York Tribune.
A Thievish Goo so.
Mrs. Bohem, of Dover, N. J., missed
many valuables from her house. A
goose, one of a flock owned by Mrs.
Bohem, had a habit of tapping on the
kitchen dogr to ask for food. When
the door was opened it would walk into
the kitchen and, after being fed, would
sit down near a window in which the
sun shpne. If left alone it would pick
up anything it could and carry it to a
box in a closet and push it under out
of sight. One day it was left alone for
a moment. One of the family entered
the room rather suddenly and caught
it running toward the closet with a
Waterbury watch in its bilL The watch
had been lying on a table. A search
was instituted and the hiding place dis
covered. Among the things found were
two gold thimbles, a comb, two scarf
pins, several spools of sewing silk and
some lace. Exchange.
Swallowed Dollar.
James Clemens, a prominent young
farmer, who lives near Athens, Ga.,
swallowed a silver dollar. Clemens was
lying across a bed at his home and had
a dollar in his mouth. Being very tired,
he suddenly dropped oil to sleep. He
awoke very soon afterwards with a most
excruciating pain, and it developed that
he had swallowed the money. He arose
immediately and came to the city. Dr.
W. A. Carlton endeavored to draw the
dollar from the throat by means of
an instrument, but owing to the nerv
ous condition of the patient he was
forced to postpone the operation a day.
The money had passed down the throat
and lodged in the esophagus. Clemens
was placed under the influence of ether,
and after a difficult and dangerous oper
ation the dollar was brought up through
the mouth. Cor. 8avannah News.
The peculiar performance of a pas
ranger on the steamship Iroquois was
the cause of considerable excitement on
a recent trip from New York to Jack
sonville, Fla. Just after crossing the
bar he tied the lead line around his
waist and jumped over the side for a
swim. He was jerked through the
water at a frightful rate of speed, and
tie ship had to be stopped and the
rratio gentleman hauled aboard. He
said he merely wished to take an ocean
dip, and thought that he could keep up
with the ship.
Great Discontent Reported to Pre
vail in Finland.
The Excessive Heat Causes an Alarming
Amount of Sickness in the
Austrian Empire.
The Kim? of Holland Is in fwhlft mn.
Professor Alphonso Favre, Swiss geol
ogist, is dead.
The estimated fortifying of Heligoland
will cost $7,500,000. .
Persiani, the Rusm'an Minister to Ser
bia, has become insane.
A slave trade in Punjaub women has
been discovered in Scinde.
Workmen on Parnell's Ark low quar
ries at London have struck.
Baron Leon of Vienna has been killed
by falling over a precipice in the Alps.
Prince Waldemar's name is withdrawn
as a candidate for the Bulgarian throne.
A diamond has been found in the
Kimborly mines of South Africa weigh
ing 133 carats.
Emperor William captivated every one
he met in Brussels by his gracious and
cordial bearing.
England has nut in a claim of $10,000,
000 indemnity for the recent row in the
Argentine Republic.
One-half of the town of Monetier,
France has been destroyed by fire and
many persons injured.
Leighham Court, Streatham, near
London, comprising sixty-fix acres, has
just been sold for X'.W.OOo".
Major Wissmann's lieutenant says
that the former will, so far as known,
resume his duties in Africa.
The Maharajah Dhuleep Singh has
written a letter to the Queen begging
forgiveness for his past acts.
Herr von Uerson, the Austrian engi
neer recently captured bv brigands in
Circassia, has been released.
The tioverninent contemplates a fur
ther iiiiortant reduction ot the British
army of occupation in Egypt.
One hundred and tweuty-four head of
cattle are to be slaughtered in Yorkshire
on account of pleuro-pneumonia.
The Chin expedition reports that
some of the tribes it has encountered
belong to the most degraded stage of
Cameron, the English African explo
rer, favors the introduction of Chinese
and Indian planters into Africa, particu
larly the former.
Joseph Arch, the apostle of the Eng
lish farm laborers, has been adopted as
the Liberal candidate for Northwest Nor
folk at the next election.
The London Times has at length com
plettd the payments on its expense ac
count for tne'Parnell Commission, the
t'tal being understood to amount to
In Australia the labor organizations
have secured the 8-hour day with a half
holidav on Saturday, and now thev are
agitating for a 7-hour day with no work
on Saturday.
The Russian Government has espec
ially invited General Boisdeffrie, the
Adjutant-General of the French Army,
to attend the Russian Army maneuvers
at Krasnoe Selo.
The Congo Free State has annexed the
kingdom of Monatayamyo, which coin
prises a vast extent of territory south of
the present frontier of the Congo State
and extends in the direction of the
Zambesi river.
The Australians are beginning to doubt
the wisdom of importing so many stoats,
ferrets and weasels to exterminate the
rabbits. These creatures multiply most
rapidly, and have begun attacking chil
dren and lambs.
The difficulty regarding labor at Zan
zibar has reached an acute stage. No
porters are available, owing to the drain
from the Congo and the German sphere
of influence. The question is vital, both
to Zanzibar and to the British company.
The migration of settlers and laborers
from the interior of Russia to the Cau
casian and Siberian districts is still in
creasing. The cities on the various roads
are literally overflowing with emigrants,
among whom great distress prevails.
The greatest discontent prevails (says
a Daily News correspondent) throughout
Finland owing to the promulgation of
the imperial ukase which abolishes the
Finnish Post and Telegraphic Adminis
tration and amalgamates it with that of
The King of Italy contemplates copy
ing Queen Victoria by adding a colonial
title to his Royal dignities. He would
call himself "Emperor of Erythrea and
and Eastern Africa," in view of his pro
tectorate of Abyssinia and colonies on the
Red Hoa coast."
The Siecle says that French agents in
the Upper Senegal country have made
treaties with Chiefs Macina, Yatenga,
Aribunda, Gourtna and Moussi, by which
they secure a protectorate over that
territory and greatly extend French in
fluence "on the Niger.
A California salmon has recently leen
caught in the Mediterrannean, near
Banyuls. Probably it found its wav
thither from the River Aude, into which
many young fish of this species have
been introduced, in the hope that they
may be acclimatized in France.
A mine of pumice-stone, it is stated,
exists on the Teneriffee Peak, of which
the working was only started in 1888.
The stone is found in that part of the
peak called the "Canadas" at about
2,000 feet above the sea level.
While Chili favors the scheme for an
international railway, and will build her
own system to the northern line, and, if
necessary, assist Peru to perfect her por
tion of the system, she will oppose the
projected system of arbitration, as will
also the entire press and people of
M. Constans, Minister of the Interior
in France, speaking at a banquet at Ro
dez, congratulated Republicans upon
their unity. The Republic, he Baid, was
strong enough to be conciliatory. The
day was approaching when the enemies
of the Republic would have Generals,
but no soldiers.
The excessive heat is causing an
jLlA.rinino' Amount nf flinknAnn -in A nutria
In the military camps of the southern
army the death rate has risen SO per
cent. Deaths from sunstroke are daily
reported. " The thermometer registers an
average of from 105 to 110 degrees
Fahrenheit in the shade at midday. In
I some of the southern districts the wheat
crop is quite burned by the Bun.
Brother Gardner Is Taken In One Mora
by a Uerignlns Knave.
At the opening of the meeting Brother
Gardner announced that lecture No. 2 of
the summer series, announced at the
last meeting, would be delivered by the
Hon. Sidehill Wellington, D. X. & O.
Al, of Eufaula, Ala. The gentleman
named was known as "The Demosthenes
of the South," and ranked as a philoso
pher of the first water. His subject was:
"Why Ar' Dis Thus?" and Samuel Shin
and Pickles Smith were warned to pre
serve a proper decorum in the presence
ot the stranger or be prepared tor the
The honorable gentleman was intro
duced by the visiting committee in one
time and three motiona Like all great
philosophers his shoes were down at
the heel, his elbows frayed, his knees
out ot true, his general appearance
proved a carelessness on his part as to
whether he got up right end first in the
morning. He was received with enthu
siastic applause, during which Deacon
Baker managed to give Elder Toots a
vigorous kick and lay it to accident.
As he bowed his applause two buttons
were heard to strike the wall behind
him and his collar made a determined
effort to rise above his eara
"My frens," began the honorable in a
voice rich with anticipation of the com
ing watermelon season, "we go to bed
at night. If we her no company we go
to bed "iong 'bout half-past nine o'clock.
If we hev a toiree on hand it may be two
hours later. If I ax you what you go to
bed fur you answer to sleep. What do
you sleep fur? You reply dat it is be -kase
natur intended you to. Yes, but
why did she? You can't telL You
tumble into bed an' lay dar on your j
backs an' snooze an snore an dream of ,
oe lucley numbers In poller, an when
tnawnin' comes yon fall out an kick
de dog an' jaw de cbill'en, an' wish
you was rich an' didn't heve to go to
work. Yells of applause. Natur
meant dat you should lie down in sleep
to give de body a rest to let de mus
cles relax, de nerves grow quiet, de
brain ceas its tremendous efforts fur
awhile. My world-renowned tonic,
which kin be had in de ante-room after
dis meetin' adjourns at two-bits a bot
tle, ebery bottle warranted to hold half
a pint, will bring about dis happy re
sult No cure no paT.
The orator paused here to imbibe a
glass ot water, and a puzzled look crept
into Brother Gardner's face. He was
observed to make a signal to Giveadam
Jones, and that individual nodded as if
he understood.
"We hev de back-ache," continued the
orator "de back-ache, de colic, pains
in de chist, fits of melancholy, bad
dreams, sudden desiah to jump off de
tower ot de City Hall. We hev sich
things an we nebber stop to Inquar de
reason. We jist go right 'long sufferin',
layin' our sad condishun to Jay Gould,
Vanderbilt an de Standard Oil Com
pany, an nebber supposin dar is asartin
an' cheap cure right at hand. Sensa
tion. My frens, I has the proud satis
fackshan to tell you dat I am de in
ventor, proprietor an sole agent on dis
globe fur de ''Wellington Cholera Pre
ventative an' Ligbtnin' Co'n Remover,
an' arter dis meetin is ober my remedy
kin be had by any of the gem'len pres
ent at de usual price of two bits a box
warranted purely vegetable or money
refunded." High old applause.
As the speaker stopped to take an
other pint of water there was a broad
grin on almost every face, and this was
increased by the nneasy movements of
Brother Gardner. It was plain to be
seen that he had been takes in and done
for again, and that he was arranging
some sort of a programme with Give
adam Jones, who has long held tbe posi
tion of Bogardus Kicker to the club.
"My frens," pathetically continued
the honorable, after the water had been
put away behind his nankeen vest, "you
is walk In along de street, an' am sud
denly tooken wid a crick ia de back.
an can t go on dowa to de bank
an draw out $50. You git up in
the mawnin' feelin slumpy. You
doan keer two cents whether you
hev quail on toast or turkey on sweet
cake fur breakfast. You wake up in
de night wid a cole sweat startin' out, a
wiolent beatin' of de heart, an' a fear
in your soul dat a band of Anarchists
is hidden under de bed to take your
life. On sartin occashuns you sot down
wid a piece of chalk an' a shingle to
flgger up how much a y'ar it will cost
you to rent forty post-office boxes at
4 each. You is stuck. De riggers
danse away from you. Your eyes blur
an' you jump up in alarm if de dog
howls in de back yard. You go right
along jist de same, however, nebber
stoppin' to inquar into de nateral
causes, an' de fust thing jou know your
friends am gathered around your bed
stead t to see you expire. Decided
sensation all over the hall. My
frens, it gives me de utmos' pleasure
to be able to inform you on dis auri
ferous occasion dat I am de sole owner
of what is called De Wellington Cu re
All Plaster. which I warrant to be com
posed of sixteen different roots an' de
best Norf Carolina tar. Dese plasters
sell at twenty cents each, or six for a
dollah, and de President of dis United
States had one on de small of his back
when he entered de White House
fur de fust time. Arter dis meetin' is
smbuscaded I shall be moas happy to
see you all in de ante-room, an' I
At this point Givedam Jones inter
rupted the speaker to say that a man
wanted to see him outside on very im
portant business.
"Exactly," replied the honorable.
"My frens, I will retiah fur a moment
,n' ascertain his business. My address
it only half concluded.
He retired in (rood order, smiling and
towing as he passed down the isle, but
be never came back. Two minutes
lsterhis voice was beard saying:
"Boy, be keerf ul whar you put dat
for of yourst I doan't low nobody to
fool wid met"
And a little later.
"1 nebber skipped a town yit, an I
won't begin now!"
Then Paradise Hall jarred and vi
brated, and ths plaster fell in spots,
and the stove-door swung wide open.
Something bumped on the stairs and
leil "kersquash" into the alley, loi-
lowed by a racket as if a dray-horse
was galloping for his life. In three or
four minutes Giveadam Jones returned,
the right leg of his trousers split to the
knee, and his breath coming hard, and
as be sat down Brother Gardner arose
and said:
"My frens, de difference between a
philosopher an a fakir is sometimes so
powerful fine dat de best of men are de
ceived. It's my opinyun dat we got
hold of de wrong animal, but dere's no
great harm, dun. I reckon he won't
bodder usjjo more, an' perhaps he has
. I' ui k'few grains of wheat among de
V' aft We will now annunciate home-
Wardi" Detroit Free Press.
' "
Cocoa should never thicken in the
cup; if it does it shows the presence of
starch of some kind.
-Hash Roll: Take a rich biscuit
dough, roll Into a long sheet and spread
it well with butter and finely hashed
ham or beef already cooked. Roll up,
place in a deep plate and steam nearly
three hours. This needs a good brown
gravy in serving, and it makes an ad
mirable supper dish. Western Rural.
To avoid the odor which too often
fills the house when cabbage or other
green vegetables are boiling, follow
these simple directions: Put your
cabbage in a net, and when you have
boiled it five minutes in tbe first pot of
water, lift it out, drain for a few sec
onds, and place carefully in a second
pot, which you must have full ot fast
boiling water on the stove. Empty the
first water away and boil your cabbaee
till tender ia the second. Boston Bad
get Blackberry Tapioca: Wash a cup of
tapioca through several waters and
cover with cold to stand several hours.
Then set over the fire, add a pint of
boiling water and let simmer slowly
until the tapioca is perfectly clear.
Sweeten a quart of blackberries, stir in
the tapioca, take from the fire, pour in
a dish, stand aside to cool and serve very
cold with cream and sugar. Farm and
Cucumber Fritters: Peel and grate
full grown, tender cucumbers. Press all
the juice from the pulp, and add to one
quart of pulp hall a teacup of rich,
sweet cream, half a pint of flour, one
gill of melted butter, salt and pepper to
taste. Beat four eggs separately, very
light and add to the butter which
should be very thick. Have ready a ket
tle of boiling lard, and drop in one large
spoonful at a time, removing as soon as
crisp and brown. Serve as you would
fried oysters, which they very much re
semble. Ladies Home Journal.
Did you ever notice a boy whose
father always treated him as if he were
man. talking to him sensibly, puttinr
confidence in him as if he were much
older than he is? If you have, you have
seen a boy that was very manly even at
six or seven years of age. Now all the
difference in the world between a boy
and a young animal, in the matter of
training or education, is in the boy's
susceptibility of a higher degree of edu
cation. Both are pliable when young;
both can be readily molded. N. Y. Wit
ness. Curry of Spring Chicken: Cut up a
a young chicken; put two ounces of
butter in frying pan. cut a small onion
in slices, and add it with the chickea to
the butter, and fry a golden brown; take
up the chicken, put it in a saucapan
witb a little water, season with salt and
let simmer gently for fifteen minutes,
then add a teaspoonful of sugar, and the
juice of a small lemon. Mix a table
spoonful ot curry powder and one of
flour with a little cold water, and add to
the chicken. Stir until It boils. Serve
with boiled rice. Ladies' Home Journal.
It Dwell la the M.raorr of the Soldier
m Loot as He Uh Bremth.
Ask an old soldier where he has
served, and his answer will invariably
be. "With the old th" infantry, Cav
alry or artillery, as the case may be
Then perhaps he may tell you where he
has served, whether in the hot sandy
deserts of Arizona, or under the biting
blasts of Dakota blizzards, whether un
der the dun canopy of sulphurous smoke
at Gettysburg, or with tbe wild yell of
the savage ringing ia his ears at the
"Big Hole;" but his first reply which
In his mind comprehends every thing
will be, "With the old th." The reg
iment is the home of his manhood's
most glorious days, tbe memories of
which stay with him throughout
all the after-years of his existence,
be he still a soldier or be he retired to a
quieter field of action in civil life, and
many a time his thoughts will turn
with affectionate sympathy to those
comrades in whose company he has
fought and marched, with whom be has
cast his jokes and sometimes quarreled,
shared dangers and pleasures, the perils
of the battle-field and the routine of
the garrison. Mutually dependent upon
one another from the very nature of
their occupation and of the stern dis
cipline that controls their lives, tbe
friendships formed by soldiers among
themselves are strong, pure and un
Belfish as human nature will permit of,
and the representation of this mutual
dependence on one another, this com
radeship that will lead them to do and
dare together, to suffer together, to die
together, is embodied in the number
embroidered on the silken folds of the
regimental colors.
And the women of the regiment? Ahl
they too share th e glory of the old th,
from the matronly, soft-voiced, pleasant
faced wife of the commanding officer,
to the buxom, faithful, hard-working
partner ot the humble private the
laundress. How many a time have they
opened wide the hospitable doors of
their houses to the stranger among
hem! How often, with tear-bright
eyes and trembling, proud voices, told
of what the th bad done, and how they
too share together in their feminine
way the joys and privations of military
life! And which is the harder to bear,
think you the hardships and dangers
of the men in active service at tbe
front or the fears and hopes, the dread
suspense and sickening anxiety of their
women left behind at the lonely frontier
post from whence the regiment has
marched to its duty.
The writer once lay in camp in the
wilds of one ot the Territories with a
famous regiment of cavalry. We were
not far from a railroad recently con
structed, and the news came one day
I that the General in command of the de
partment would visit the camp on a cer
, tain date. This officer had formerly
I commanded the regiment as Colonel,
and had left it for other tours of duty
some years before; but the memory of
his soldierly qualities, his strict adher
ence to duty, his undaunted courage in
the presence of danger, as well as of tbe
goodness and kindly tact of tbe
gracious lady, his wife, was
strong in the breasts of the com
mand, and it was this feeling far
more than tbe respect to be paid to the
General officer that prompted the offi
cers to ride out from the camp in a body
to meet and welcome their old comrade
and commander. And later in the day,
' as he sat out there on his horse on the
broad prairie, and bared his head In re
sponse to the lowering of the yellow
standard and the bright flashing of the
long line of sabers presented in salute,
his stern soldier features softened and
his eyes lightened as he saw once more
before him the familiar weather-beaten
. blue uniforms and bronzed faces of the
men ot the old regiment Harper's
I Weekly. .
Lemon Marmalade. Peel lemcn?
and extract the seeds. Boil the peel pntil
soft add tbe juice and pulp with a pound
of lemon, Boil until thick.
t Black Currant Tea. Two large ta
blespoonfuls of jam to a pint-snd-a-half
of boiling water; stir well, strain and set
to cool, when it will be ready for use.
This is a safe and refreshing dnnk for
all sick people. -
Meringue Pudding. Line a deep
pudding d sh with slices of sponge-cake,
cover with rich fru t jam, pour over,
: custard and bake, ice 1 ke cake, set in
the stove to dry, take out and cover
with meringue. Serve without sauce.
Ladies' Home Journal.
1 Wax drippings from the tapers now
so fashionably used for light ng pur
poses can be removed from linen table-
cloths with a hot iron and a piece of
blotting paper, or by d pping the part in
eau de coiogne, which renders the ws
brittle, so that it can easily be rubbed
OiJ with the finger. Boston Budget
j Marsh-Mallows Dissolve over a
slow fire four ounces of the best white
gum-arable in one-and-a-half gills of
water. Strain, make a tea by boiling
marsh-mallow roots in a teacup of water,
boil low, add to-the gum-arabic stir in
four ounces of white sugar; cock slowly
until thick. Stir in the well-beatea
whites of two eggs, and stir until cool
Flavor to taste, and pour into a pan.
Very pretty doilvs are made of fine
cambric with hem-stitched borders. Tbe
des gns, symmetrically arranged sprays
of leaves and flowers, are worked with
very fine flax threads, fllo-floss, or out
line embroidery silk. Tbe flowers are
done in satin stitch, tbe stems in cord- '
ing stitch, and the arabesques are out
lined in the same, with interlaced
stitches m the center. Yankee Blade.
Graham Biscuits. Three teacupf uls
graham flour, one teacupful wheat floor,
sift with these two teaspoonfuls baking
powder and rub in two teaspoonfuls but
ter, add a teaspoonful salt two table- :
spoonfuls sugar, one egg and enoogh
sweet milk to make the dough stiff
enough to roll out Cut out the cakes
with a biscuit cotter and bake at once
in a quick oven. Orange Judd Farmer.
A Chair Comfort Ma'e two bags
of soft cotton just the width between
upright rounds of the chair and fill them
with very soft light batting in which is
sprinkled sachet powder. Cover with
figured or plain India silk ia co ors to
harmonize with the other furnishings
of the room. . Tie the bairs tog-ether in
three places with soft satin ribbons in
different shades. Place the bags over, .
the back of the chair, so that one will
lie on each side, or over the front and
back. Pretty cretonne may be substi
tuted for the silk.
They Will Thrive la California aa Well as
In Spain or Africa.
The available forests of cork trees are
already relatively extensive, although
hardly sufficient to supply the demands
now made oa them, or whieh as the
world grows in prosperity must be mads
oa them, for there is hardly any end to
the uses for cork, and none of the sub
stitutes for it which have yet ben tried
are very satisfactory or promise to take
its place to any great extent The latest
estimates of existing areas of available
cork oak forests make their extent from
S, 800,000 to 8,500,000 acres, of which
about one-half, including those oa its
African possessions, belongs to France.
The wood of the cork oak is heavy,
coarse-grained and of a yellow-browa
color; it shrinks and warps badly in sea
soning and decays rapidly when exposed
to the action of the atmosphere. It has
little value in the arts, but furnishes
a useful fuel and makes good charcoal.
The inner bark is rich in tannin, and
trees too old or unfit to produce cork a'e
cut for the sake of the inner bark.
The cork oak is an interesting tree to
Americans, as its cultivation now seems
destined to become an important Indus
try in California, where the climate and
the soil in many parts of the State are
admirably suited to produce it This is
not a mere theory, as trees have been
growing now for several years in Cali
fornia and have already produced crops
of cork of excellent quality. It is prob
able that the tree will grow rather more
rapidly ia California than it does ia its
native country, although the quality of
tbe soil, the exposure in which the
trees are placed, local climate, and
the treatment which the trees receive
will influence, of course, the rapidity
with which the bark is developed.
In Africa it is found that the tree's
which grow the most rapidly produce
bark of the poorest quality, and that
within certain limits the slower the
trees grow the more valuable the
product provided the growth ' is not
too slow, ia which case the bark loses
some of tbe elasticity which makes
it valuable. The conditions whieh
influence, the development of cork a-e
so numerous and complicated that the
product of all the trees in a grove or
forest can never attain the same uni
formity of thickness or quality la any -given
time. This is so well understood
in the countries where cork is grown
that the best methods of harvesting
has been found to be to go over the for
est every two or three years and remove
the bark from such trees as are covered
with merchantable cork and not to strip
all the trees at tbe same time. AH
these matters must of course be consid
ered in connection with planting forests
of cork oak in California, The planting
and care of such forests ia Portugal and
Spain has long been an important indus
try, and there is no reason why they
may not be made so in California, where
the local consumption of cork is already
enormous, although the wine industry
there is hardly more than ia its infancy.
Garden and Forest
The lrmuda-tf Uitax Cable.
Considerable interest attaches to the
laying of a cable between Bermuda and
Halifax, and its completion will mark
a new era in the history of the island.
An American electrician who has just
returned from the Bermudas points out
how much more paradoxical the absence
of telegraphical communication there is
from the fact that it is an important
British naval and coaling station, with
one of the largest floating dry docks in:
the world, and a large military garrison,
and that the prosperity of the island ia
mainly dependent on its export of vege
tables, which brings ia a revenue of over
$360,000. The people have become alive
to the necessity of knowing what is go
ing on in the world around them; they
, are putting up better buildings, dredg
ing the harbor channels so as to admit
the largest craft, building docks and
wharves, and now are placing themselves
in a position to reap the full advantage
of daily prices current This evidently
is not the end, for it is rumored that
plans for aa electric road are already
under, consider tion. N, Y. Son.