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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 15, 1890)
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He who thinks to please the world is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind.
LEBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 15, 18J0.
82.00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE.
j - - .,. ,..
PACIFIC GOAST NEWS.
Oregon Complains of Its Census
and Wants a Recount.
Sailors of the American Ship Louisiana
Complain of the Cruelty of the
Captain anil Mates.
James "G. Colmesnil, at one time
United States Consul at Samoa,is charged
at Seattle with forgery.
The California Board of Forestry has
80.000 tan-bark wattle trees growing at
Santa Monica. They will he gratuitous
ly distributed the coming winter.
Alexander Thompson haa been con
victed at Jackson, Amador county, Cal.,
of murder in the first degree, he having
killed William Fpray.- The punishment
indicted is life imprisonment.
The four Indians who killed the Indian
medicine man, Bullock, near Mariposa
last June will be tried in September.
Bullock was killed according to Indian
custom because, he had lost a patient.
The Susanville (Cal.) Mail asserts that
title to desert land in lessen county is
being obtained by fraud, and specifies
cases where title lias been confirmed to
40 acres when the claimant had not
enough water to irrigate an acre.
Tlie revised returns of the Salt Lake
(Utah) county election show that the
Liberals have elected the Assessor, Se
lectmen, Surveyor, Attorney, Coroner,
Clerk and Treasurer. The Mormons
elected the Sheriff and Recorder.
Sixty miles of the Santa Fe road be
tween "Benson and Kogales, A. T., are
washed out by rain, and rail communi
cation to Sonora is cut off. The Santa
Crux river is flooding the valley, and is
higher now than at am- time during the
The Chamber of Commerce of San
Diego has adopted resolutions declaring
itself in favor of a commercial reciproc
ity as embodied in Secretary Blaine's
letter to Senator Frye. The resolut ions
were telegraphed to the Pacific Coast
delegation in Congress.
Twentv-three Chinamen recently cap
tured in Lower California while attempt
ing to smuggle their way across the bor
der from Mexico into the United States
arrived in San Francisco last week, and
were immediately taken to the county
jail pending the sailing of the Belgic for
Oregon complains that Washington
-"tjthi3 year 5S.443 votes, and the cen
S,. .vea'her a population of 3."R,0X),
wfiff Oregon cast this, year 73.-4X) votes
and is given a population of 242,242.
Oregon naturally protests vigorously
against such census blunders, and insist s
: upon a recount.
The following officers have been elected
by the Board of Managers of the Puget
Sound Chatauqua Assembly : Kev. G.
A. Tewksbury, President ; Kev. Samuel
txreen, Secretary ; W. H. Ueeves, Treas
urer ; Rev. C. R. Pomeroy, Superintend
ent of Grounds ; Rev. I). J. Pierce, Su
perintendent of Instruction.
In the course of a quarrel over a horse
at -Roelm, Wash., a negro named Miles
Mayo stabbed and dangerously wounded
a liveryman named Palheny. Mayo was
arrested, and through fear of lynching
fcen to i.iiensbure and tailed. I he
negroes declare that if he is lynched
they will avenge his death. A" bitter
hatred exists between white and black
The San Jose Chamber of Commerce
has appointed a committee to confer with ,
a like committee from the Board of
Trade for the purpose of calling a con
vention in San Jose of committees of
Kern, Tulare, Fresno, Merced, San Be
nito. Santa Clara, San Mateo and San
Francisco for the purpose of negotiating
with the officials of the Santa Fe rail
road to the end that their line be built
through the counties named.
The cruiser Ran Francisco, which will
probably leave the latter part of next
week for the Santa Barbara channel to
make her official trial trip, is required
to develop 14) pounds of steam, 130 rev
olutions and a speed of nineteen knots.
The other day, with 110 pounds of steam
and 109 revolutions, the cruiser made
eighteen knots. Commodore Irwin said
that he expected the San Francisco to
reach twenty knots on her trial trip.
At San Francisco Sub-Treasurer Jack
son is in daily expectation of instruc
tions from Washington for the purchase
of a quantity of bullion in accordance
with the new law, which provides for
the purchase of 4,500,000 ounces month
ly by the Secretary of the Treasury.
Jackson thinks that" a large part of the
bullion will necessarily be purchased at
San Francisco, the production of the Pa
cific Coast mines being greater than
those in the East.
Sailors of the American ship Louisi
ana, which has just arrived at San Fran
cisco from Philadelphia, complain of ill
treatment by Captain Oliver, First Mate
Oliver, his eon, and the second mate,
Iavis. Belaying pins and billies were
brought constantly into play and the
men compelled to work when sick. One
man was kept in irons three months.
Davis was on the ship R. G. Belknap
two years ago, and was arrested on the
arrival of the ship at New York. Two
of the crew were missing, and it was
charged that Davis had a hand in their
disappearance. A charge against him
for cruelty at sea is now pending.
The strike of molders in the foundry
of the Union Iron Works at San Fran
t cisco will by the terms of their contract
entitle the Iron Works to an extension
of time for the delav occasioned bv the
strike. It is probable that they will get
fully live months' extension on the Mon
terey, though the work haa been pro
gressing well in other departments ex
cept the foundry. In the meantime the
Secretary of the Navy is beginning to be
a little anxious about the delay in the
completion of the vessel, and he may in
sist that if the Union Works cannot get
this work done in their own works they
must sublet it and have it done else
where. The Oceanic Steamship Company has
: secured the mail contract from the
French Government for service between
Wn Francisco and Tahiti and the Mar
. quesas islands. The mails heretofore
Jsave een carried by schooners. The
'niew arrangement means considerable to
San Francisco, as the mails will now be
delivered every four weeks. The line
will not be established, however, until
the first of the year, as it will take the
intervening time to get ready. The
proposition is to have the island" steam
ers meet the Australian steamers to and
from that city at Honolulu, so they will
i on the same schedule as the vessels
h " ' " tween there and the colonies. The
- -Vnic Company has a new steamer,
an the way from Clyde to Honolulu,
,'eh could "be readily turned into
THE SOCIETY WOMAN OF TODAY.
TboM That Are Sought After Ira Not the
Girls, but Uonirn or SO or Overt,
"The buds," says Ruston, "are a nine
days' wonder, and are much talked of for
that apace of time, but it is the women
past 80 who are the most interesting in
America. They seem to have the gift of
eternal youth, and at 60 are more agree
able looking than the women of any
Rustan'a observation will surprise peo
ple w-hose sole knowledge of fashionable
society is derived from the chroniclers of
a quarter or half century back; but to
the onlooker, as well as to the foreign
traveler, it is patent that there Is a great
physical change in the American society
woman as exemplified in New York.
They hold their age in an astonishing
and unprecedented manner and teem
not to attain the xenith of their beauty
till a point beyond which they are hope
lessly passe. Men say that the women
of today are at 83 no older than they
formerly were at 25, and that there is a
corresponding difference all along the
line; that consequently they dress young
er without incongruity, and that beyond
and above all this they have learned to
grow old with grace, which means that
they have at least recognized that it is
futile to sham youth and have set them
selves to develop wit, style and other at
tributes which are permanent and may
grow instead of lessen with time.
In the time of our mothers and grand
mothers, if the society chroniclers are a
guide, a woman was considered old after
23. If she did not marry in her first
season she was called a "relic" and made
to feel in the way. And there was some
reason for the raillery.
Between then and now two things have
happened. Health haa become the fash
ion and is sought for passionately and
successfully. Clear skins, natural color,
firm muscles, bright eyes and elastic
steps are now the order of the day, and
woman who was once as transient as
snow haa become as permanent as her
husband. That pretension to youthful
ness ia not now the common weakness ia
evidenced by the fact that the humorous
papers, which once found this the most
fruitful subject for jests, have turned
their attention to other foibles. With
this change men's taste regarding women
seems to have altered somewhat.
Where once he admired the beauty of
youth alone and was satisfied with dumb
response to emotion, he now demands a
great deal mora The woman of today
must make herself agreeable, not pas
sively, but actively; she must be brilliant
and witty, possessed of tact and able to
entertain; must have the art of dressing,
the knowledge of men, the art of flatter
ing, must be, in short, a woman of the
world with the liberal education which
that implies. The day of the doll haa
passed away; the debutante ia in no
flurry to get married, and the yearling
pasture is not the wife market it was.
It might be supposed that women who
keep up a continuous round of dinners,
operas and balls would look dragged out
and weary and old before their time, but
in reality they are in the most splendid
physical condition. They are . up, it ia
true, till the small hours of the morning,
drinking champagne, dancing, convers
ing and flirting, but this is their sole oc
cupation, and it does not begin before 4
o'clock in the afternoon. The remainder
of their time is spent in the pursuit of
health. After a noon breakfast they
drive, twice a week, to the Turkish
baths, and are steamed, pounded, plung
ed and showered, shampooed and mani
cured, and turned out as if new made
from the hand of God. No other crea
ture, unless it be thoroughbred racers,
have such care given to their bodies as
these women whose business is society.
Whatever science and art have discov
ered and invented, or nature allotted, to
give health and beauty, is commanded
by them, until it is now beginning to be
said, curiously, that the women are out
lasting the men.
The society woman depends greatly on
luxurious bathing to renew her strength.
The Turkish bath must be taken outside
the home, but the bathrooms in some of
the wealthy houses give evidence by
their costliness and beauty of the part
they play in the daily economy. New
York Mail and Express.
Be Prompt In Appointments.
The Manufacturer's Gazette thinks
there is nothing more damaging to a
business than to be found wanting in the
matter of promptness in filling orders.
A great many firms will promise to have
an order at a certain time, when they
are confident in their own minds that it
will be almost an utter impossibility to
do so. This is done to secure the orders,
but cannot fail of a damaging effect in
the future. It is just as important that
an order be filled at the time agreed as
that any other engagement or apprnnt
ment be kept. The man who arranges
for a meeting with another at a certain
time is expected to be on time. In these
days of great enterprise and push, every
business man has his time fully taker
and promptness in keeping an appoint
ment is an important matter to him
Just so it is in filling orders. Prompt
ness is as much to the credit of a concern
as is the quality of the work or the mate
There was, some time agb, a doctor
whose morning levees were crowded be
yond description. It was his pride and
boast that he could feel his patient's
pulse, look at his tongue, probe at him
with his stethoscope, write his prescrip
tion, pocket his fee, in a space of time
varying from two to five minutes. One
day an army man was shown into the
consulting room, and underwent what
may be called the Instantaneous process.
When it was completed the patient shook
hands heartily with the doctor and said.
"I am especially glad to meet you, as I
have often beard my father, CoL Fores
ter, speak of his old friend. Dr. L."
"Whatf exclaimed the doctor, "are you
Dick Forester's son?" "Most certainly 1
am." "My dear fellow, fling that in
fernal prescription into the fire and sit
down quietly and tell me what's the mat
ter with you." Murray's Magazine.
Good Against Odds.
Patterson When I was in London
a friend of mine, Charley Ferguson
Barrow Charley Ferguson I "Why,
I know him 1
Patterson Well, he's a good fellow
all the same. Harper's Bazar.
The literary production of Mexico is
quite wonderful. One of her latest
bibliographical lists mentions no less
than 12,000 volumes by 3,000 native
Mexican authors. The first book
printed on this continent was pub
lished ia MfiTinnw
St. Faul Will Have a Recount of
Twenty-four I-nglish Sailors Attempt to
Pesert from Their Ship at
Newport, .R. I.
The salaries of sugar trust officials, it
is said, aggregated $325,000.
The Tennessee wheat crop will be
short ; the writ crop an average.
General Adam Badeau's resignation as
a retired officer of the army has been ac
cepted. The State National bank of Welling
ton, Kan., has dosed its doors. Liabil
ities about f 100,000.
The Catholic Total Altinenee Union
of America met in its twentieth annual
SfSsion at Pittsburg.
Advices from North Carolina and Vir
ginia indicate that the tolaeco crop will
be large and of tine quality.
The gamblers of Cleveland are boast
ing that the Police Commissioners dare
not order them to be mippresstHl.
Texas fever has made its apwarance
among cattle within the city limits of
Chicago, and about twenty deaths are
reported. " .
The Grant "family do not approve of
Senator Plumb's resolution for the re
moval of the General's body from River
side to Arlington.
An official rough count by the Census
Bureau shows the. population of Phila
delphia to be 1,044,804, an increase dur
ing the last ten years of 107,724.
The United States steamship Balti
more ran into the IVjlphin while, the lat
ter was at anchor at Bar Harbor, Me.,
and made several ugly dents astern.
The engagement is announced of Isaig
Bey, formerly connected with the Turk
ish" legation in thiscountry, to Miss Alice
Jenney, daughter of a "millionaire of
Governor Campliell says there if not a
word of truth in the story that he threat
ened to oppose the execution of a Fed
eral elections law in Ohio with the State
The electric battery has superseded the
hose and cold-water "treatment for tam
ing refractory prisoners at the Ohio pen
itentiary. It is reported to be very effi
cacious." In Iowa there will be a total failure of
the honey crop this year. Ieading api
arists say there is no honey in flowers,
and the clover and buckwheat have thus
far yielded nothing.
It has lieen decided by the members
of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting
Club to donate the property of the fa
mous South Fork dam to the Pittsburg
Fresh Air Fund Association.
The fifth annual convention of Gar
ment Workers of the United States and
Canada has opened in Rochester. Since
the last convention the membership has
increased from 3,800 to lts.000.
The Washington Senators have agreed
upon Thomas II. Boyd for Deputy Com
missioner at Tacoma". His appointment
is made under the new law organizing
the Puget sound collection district.
The returns relating to abandoned
farms in Maine show that there, as in
Massachusetts, it ia in the older settle
ments where the locations were ill
chosen and the soil is exhausted that the
chief decline ia apparent.
Lieutenant W. R. Rush and Ensign
M. K. Eyre of the cruiser Boston have
lieen tried by a court-martial on the
charge of abeence without leave at Rio
de Janeiro and sentenced to two years
susjenpion from rank and duty.
President Palmer, the World's Fair
National Commissioner, after a confer
en"e with the Executive Committee Di
rectors, has announced that he would
call a meeting of the National Commit
tee Septemler 15 instead of a month
Twenty-four British sailors attempted
to escape from their ship at Newport, R.
I., by stealing one of the vessel's boats
while excurnionists were landing. The
crew- sent in pursuit shot one, cut an
other's tinarerwith a cutlass ami captured
all but three as they were landing at the
Representative Enloe has introduced
a resolution, which was referred to the
Committee on Rules, to further extend
the investigation of charges against
Commissioner of Pensions Raum, bo as
to inquire into the business relations
existing between the Commissioner and
his son, John Iiaurn, who is engaged in
prosecuting pension and bounty claims.
Judge Tuley in his speech before the
Brotherhood of Carjienters and Joiners
of the United States at Chicago said :
" There are too many strikes and too
much disorder. A strike means an in
dustrial war, and rights founded on vio
lence are unstable. Rights should be
reached by legislation and not by phys
Secretary Noble has approved the rec
ommendation of Superintendent Porter,
submitted last week, that the original
order directing a recount of the popula
tion of the citv of St. Paul be put into
execution. The examination of the
schedules discloses among "other irregu
larities the fact that at least 4,000 dupli
cations of names are made.
The property of Andrew S. Hammond
of the Munroe Organ Reed Company,
Worcester, Mass., has been attached 6y
Charles P. Fisher, a heavy stockholder
in the Munroe Onran Reed'Comnanv. of
which Hammond owns the controlling .
uitcirh nil., icr vnv,ic. Jc.aicijKtTi uiii
in equitv filed by the rilaintitf s counsel
alleges that Hammond mismanaged the
affairs of the company, and asks that a
receiver be appointed.
Arthur Krupp of Germany has arrived
in New York. He will make an exten
sive tour through the United States to
study its iron industry, and will attend
the convention of German and English
iron founders and engineers. Arthur
Krupp is a cousin of F. Krupp, the man
ufacturer of cannon and steel guns in
Essen, Germany, and he himself is the
owner of an extensive hardware factory
in Berndorffe, Austria, in which his
cousin is special partner.
Friends of O'Donovan Rossa propose
to raise a fund for him that will main
tain him ia comfort in his old age. With
this object a society has been formed
t hat is going to send out circulars early
this week to all prominent Irishmen in
the country, asking them to contribute.
In the society is every well-known Irish
man in New York city who inclines to
the use of physical force for the freedom
of Ireland. It is also contemplated to
start a subscription to send Rossa back
to England soon after January 1, 1891,
the twentieth anniversary of his banish
ment from his native country.
.A Sold let's Life Saved by a Dream.
A man of the name of Joe Williams
bad told a dream to his fellow soldiers,
some of whom related it to me months
previous to the occurrence which I re
late. He dreamed that he crossed a
river, marched over a mountain and
camped near a church located in a wood,
near which a terrible battle ensued, and
in a charge just as he crossed a ravine
ha waa shot in the heart. On the ever
memorable 7th of December, 1861 (battle
of Prairie Grove, northern Arkansas), as
we moved a double quick to take our
place In the line of battle, then already
hotly engaged, we passed a church, a
small frame building. 1 was riding in
the flank of the command, opposite to
Williams, as we came in view of the
house. "That is the church I saw in my
dream," said he. I made no reply, and
never thought of the matter until even
ing. We had broken the enemy's lines and
were in full pursuit, when we came to a
dry ravine in the wood, and Williams
said: "Just on the other side of this ra
vine I was shot in my dream, and I'll
stick my hat under my shirt." Suiting
the action to the word he doubled up his
hat as he ran along and crammed it into
his bosom. Scarcely had he adjusted it
when a mlnie ball knocked him out of
line; jumping up quickly he pulled out
his hat, waved it over his head shouting
"I'm all right. The bail raised a black
spot about the size of a man's hand just
over the heart and dropped Into his shoe
Hall's Journal of Health.
The Vanity of Men.
"A man cares more about his shape
than a woman," said a corset maker,
"and will resort to more stringent and
uncomfortable measures to improve his
figure. A stout woman will walk a mile
for two or three days and stop eating
candy for a whole week to reduce her
flesh, but a man will submit to the most
wearisome processes for the same pur
pose and keep up his effort for as many
months as his trainer recommends
Place a glass at the left of any public
stairway, and four men to one woman
will turn to look in it, and from these
premises may be drawn the double con
clusion that men are more vain than wo
men, and that were the stigma of fenii
ninity removed from comet wearing and
th custom adopted by fashion leaders
men would fall in line very readily
There is no more reason why they
shouldn't suffer in them than that wo
men should be laced into them, simply
because they look more trim and shape
ly. In 1833 and 1840 corsets were worn
by men, and the fashion might be re
vived if a few leaders as courageous as
the apostles of dress suit reform would
Introduce the practice." New York Sun
The Medtorml HouMwtre.
The housewife of the middle ages
cooked over an open fire on a stone
hearth in the middle of the room, a hole
in the roof letting the smoke escape.
Over this fire the people shivered in cold
weather; but at a later time some-of the
queens had braziers or small Iron fur
naces in their rooms. There were no
carpets in those days, and rushes and
sweet herbs were spread on the floor In
stead, especially when com puny was ex
pected. There were tapestries on the
walls of the finer houses. At dinner
people sat on wooden benches and stools
at a heavy table of boards set on trestles,
and this was covered with cloth. The
bill of fare changed with the centuries
in those days, and not much from day to
day; the food was barley and oaten
bread, bacon, fish, capons, eggs and an
abundance of home brewed ale, and the
nobles sometimes had wine from the
east. Good Housekeeping.
Napoleon's Lost Cameos.
For many years the Bibliotheque Na
tionals of Paris lias bewailed the loes of
two dozen very fine ancient cameos bor
rowed by Napoleon I and never returned
The emperor had them mounted in a
tiara, and when Louis XVIII came to
the throne they were found among the
crown jewels, and were sent elong with
them to England for safety when Napa
leon escaped from Elba. Since then they
have been hopelessly lost. The curator
had failed to preserve a detailed descrip
tion of the gems. M. Germain Bapst.
however, has been able to provide the
substance of the missing document, and
has published it in bis "Histoire de
Joyaux de la Couronne." Should the
cameos ever come into the market, they
may be recognized and bought back by
the authorities. It is generally supposed
that they are retained by the heirs of the
ComtedeChambord Jeweler's Weekly.
A Skating Princess.
. A very pretty story is related of the
crown princess of Denmark. Prince
Waldemar and Princess Marie are good
skaters, and one afternoon when, after a
long run across the ice, they sat down to
rest, they noticed a little boy who was
vainly trying to put his skates on. On
seeing the royal couple he took off his
hat and said: "Oh, dear Princess Marie,
can you not help me to put my skates
on?" The royal lady smiled, knelt down
on the ice and firmly fastened the straps
round the boy's ankles. Boston Tran
script. Adam's Politeness.
A mother on Delaware avence was on
Sunday giving her child, a boy of 7
years, some Bible instruction. She was
telling him the story of Adam's fall.
Having narrated the tale of the apple
and what mischief it did, the mother
asked: "Now, don't you think Adam did
very wrong to eat the apple?" The little
fellow thought a momont and then an
swered: "Why, would it have been polite
to refuse the apple when the lady offered
it to him?" Buffalo Courier.
Had Dim There.
"Is it proper to say 'blown up or
"blown down? "
Teacher Either. If It Is the result of
an explosion, it is blown up; if the re
sult of a cyclone, blown down.
Boy An' couldn't the result of an ex
plosion be 'blown down?
Boy What's the matter with a sneeze?
Palpitation of the Bear
A French physician announces that
distressing or excessive palpitation of
the heart can always be arrested by
bending double, the head down and
the hands hanging, so as to produce a
temporary congestion of the upper
portion of the body. In nearly every
instance of nervous or anaemic palpi
tation, the heart immediately resumes
its natural function. If the move
ments of respiration are arrested dur
ing this action, the effect is still more
rapid. Herald of Health.
Cholera Decimating the Popula
tion of Mecca.
A Memorial' Silver Clock Weighing Sl.x
Hundred Pounds Placed In the
The city of Hamburg haa a surplus of
Crops in Italy have In-en destroyed bv
The royal library of Berlin contains
"07,074 Ixuind books.
The Czar has inmied an edict forbid
ding applause in Uuian theater.
It is prop.ed to use the electric motor
extensively in military oeratioiig in
Mwanga. King of Uganda, is firmly
established on his throne, and Kareng,
his opiHinent, is dead.
Castelar, the Spanish statesman, is
writing a life of Christ, and is also btisy
on a history of Spain.
The young Duke of Aosta, nephew of
King Humbert of Italy, is about to
marry the Princess Elvire of Bavaria.
The latest Spanish census, taken in
187, gives a Hpulatinn of 17,.V)0,21.
The gain in ten ye.irs was only 0il,yj5.
It is stated that a meeting will take
place this summer lietween (if neral von
Capri vi, Count Kalnoky and Signor
Cnspi. . t
As high as eighty death from cholera
have lf n reirted in a single ilav at
Mecca. The population of the citv is
The Count of Iuris has purchased a
large estate in Hungary, his intention
Ix-insj, it is said, to reside permanently
in that country.
The Brazilian t'overnuient has ordered
the immediate delivery of a large quan
tity of swords from a factory in Soliiigen,
The ret urns of the English Lunacy
Commissioners show that 77.2r7 of the
4,:i4- insane people in England are
Emperor William says the nezt birth
day of Count von Moltke shall le kept
as a national holidav. The famous strat
egist was born (H-toWr 20, 180.).
The Catholic residents of Erfurt have
petitioned the authorities to remove
from the walls of the town hall certain
pictures illustrative of Luther's life.
The rejiort of the liquidators of the
Panama Canal Company gives the total
expenditures of the cu'mpanv to March
:t as 1,313,000,001) francs; assets, 10,000,
Owing to the expectation of a ris in
the prices of chemicals, the paermakers
of England and Scotland are cninhininst
with a view of starting chemical factories
of their own.
The International Association for the
Suppr-p.-ion of Gambling at Monte
Carlo has scored one success bv a side
movement ujKn the Casino of Tangier.
It has shut it up.
M. Kitt has offered to 8end 500,aX)
francs in redecorating the Paris opera
house on condition of being made a di
rector for seven years and an officer of
the Legion of Honor.
According to French journals Madame
Crispi, wife of the IVime Minister of It
aly, has left Carlsbad in distrust ltecause
the aristocratic residents refused to ad
mit her to their circle.
In order to officially contradict the
iersistent rumors of his ill health the
Poe of Home celebrated high mass in
Pauline chapel. It was the occasion of
great state ceremonies.
A project is on foot for spanning the
Danulie canal in Vienna with a bridge
lined with shops after the model of the
famous Ponte Kialto at Venice and the
Arno bridge at Florence.
The French Budget Committee has
approved the credits asked by the Min
ister of Commerce to lay a cable between
France and England ami to establish
telephones lietween Paris and London.
The Black sea fleet, which has been
considerably augmented during recent
vears, is to" be still further increased.
The construction of four more large war
vessels has lieen ordered at Sehastopol
According to official returns, in which
the capital is lUJt included, no fewer
than 40,000 tires took place last year in
Russia. Alwut l&j.O'.X) houses were
burned down, and the estimated damage
was 00,000,000 rubles.
A complete reconciliation has taken
place between Emperor William and his
sister. Princess Victoria, since his retire
ment of Prince Bismarck, whom the
Irincess hated, and whom she frequent
lv descriled as "the evil genius of our
At the Ixird Mayor's banquet at the
Mansion house lxrd Salisbury spoke of
the eaceful condition of Europe. Dur
ing the six years that his government
had been in power, he said, Europe had
never presented so uninteresting an as
pect from a war point of view.
Mr. ami Mrs. William O'Brien were
entertained at a lmnquet by Irish and
Liberal members of Parliament and a
number of prominent Irish members of
Ixmdon. A large company was present.
Toast to the Irish in America was re
sponded to by Mr. Fitzgerald of Boston.
Emperor William of Germany has
bought an estate near Metz, it is sup
posed for oliticaI reasons. He wished
to show the citizens of the annexed
provinces that he lelonged to them and
to make it fashionable among old Ger
man families to own places in the dis
trict. The latest reports of the Russian ex
pedition to Thibet under the leadership
of General M. W. Pevizoff are very favor
able. The partv spent the winter in
.Nice, and started for the Idshelik-Cha-num
pass at the beginning of April.
They expect to penetrate the interior of
Thibet during the summer.
Herr Krahn, State Director of Rail
ways of Germany, has been compelled
to tender hia resignation, owing to the
resentment of his superiors at his hav
ing recently delivered a speech highly
eulogistic of Prince Bismarck and com
paring the ex-Chancellor to his successor
to the disparagement of the latter.
There has been just finished and
placed in the cathedral of Charkov, Rus
ria, a clock of solid silver weighing 600
pounds. It is in memory of the Czar's
escape from death in the railroad acci-
upon October 17 in each year the anni- f
versary of that event it will ring a peal !
of bells.- ;
When one is fatigued and foot-sore
from much walking it is very refreshing
to bathe the foet in warm water and rub
them with extract of arnica. Old Home
stead. It is convenient to 'have an iron
holder attached by a long string to the
band of the apron when cooking; it
saves burned fingers or scorched aprons,
and U always at band. Good House
keeping. If you want a lovely odor in yoor
rooms, break olf branches of the Norway
spruce and arrange them in a large jug
well filled with water. In a few days
tender, pale green branches feather out,
soft and cool to the touch, and giving
the delightful health-giving odor.
Pie-plant Sauce, baked: Cut into
small places after washing and leave the
skin on. Lay in an earthen pudding
dish, sprinkling lavishly with sugar
during the prtwes. Cover and bake in
a moderate oven. Cooked tbls way it
requires no water, and is nicer than
when stewed in the ordinary way. The
Baked Vhlteftsh: Clean the fish,
cut it open In the back, remote the
back-bone and lay it in a buttered dripping-pan,
the skin side down. Season
with salt and pepper as for the table,
dot It with bits of butter, drop a little
lemon juice over It, pour in half a tea
cupful water at the side, but not over
the fish, and hake In a hot oven twenty
to thirty minutes according to sis-.
Orange Judd Farmer.
Orange. Marmalade: Wash and wipe
the oranges, peel and put the peeling in
a kettle with a little water, boil several
hours; cut the oranges and squeeze the
juice and pulp in a kettle; drain the
water from the peel, and pound it fine,
put with the juice, to which add a pound
of sugar for every pint of juice; boil one
hour, when it should he thick and solid.
Put In little cups and cover with paper.
Ladies' Home Journal.
A Good Dressing for Sandwiches:
One-half pound of nice butter, two
tablespoon fuls of prepared mustard, two
tablespoonfuls of salad oil, a little cay
enne, a little salt, the yelk of one egg;
rub the butter to areani; add the other
Ingredients and mix thoroughly: add
the las thins a teaspoonful of lemon
juice, if desired; set away to cool; spread
the bread with this dressing and add the
ham chopped fine. Boston Herald.
Quite a handsome and serviceable rug
can be easily made by knitting In coarse
tapestry wool strips from four to six
inches wide, choosing the softer tones
of color that will harmonize side by
side. Wood browns, old reds, old blues,
olives, and ecru are handsome. Make
some strips to go at ends, and some for
sides, fitting them so as to form oblongs.
Overcast or crochet them altogethe" to
form your rug; then finish all around by
a wide band of dark brown or black
astrakhan cloth. One can even utilize
in this way astrakhan that has seen
some service as trimming. Yankee
THE WHITE SQUALL.
Graphic ActoopI of a Sharp, Short Storm
In the Gulf of Gaaconv.
In the month of July, 1880, the schoon
er Swallow, recently overhauled and
made ready for a scientific exploration
of the Gulf of Gascony, following the
line of coast which borders the great
depths, commenced the first attempts at
dredging the bottom at a depth of 600
On the second day our rope scaffold
ings and dredge were let down under a
cloudy sky and into a muddy sea. The
barometer did not indicate anything ab
normal, still the aspect of a sudden
clond, forming rapidly in the west-southwest
in the course of the operation,
seemed sufficiently threatening to cause
us to postpone the drawing np of the
dredge until the passage of that inoppor
It was necessary to shorten sail with
the utmost rapidity in order to avoid too
great a traction on the cable, the break
ing of which would have caused the loss
of our only deep sea dredge. The vio
lence of such a squall not permitting the
exposure of any ordinary sail we found
we would only be able to carry the jib
and that only if the space before us wai.
I terminated these arrangements won
ing whether we were going to lose our
principal implement when the first puffs
of wind which preceded a gale of gath
ering intensity struck us powerfully,
careening the schooner to the larboard.
A dust of water was raised by the first
puffs of the squall from the waves which
were almost instantly formed, and this
joined the stinging whips of an icy tor
rent of rain and hail and lashed the sea
to a crystalline whiteness which reflected
the brilliance of a meteor.
The crew, sheltered from the wind by
the lee bulwarks, awaited in silence an
order for action 4here where it should be
most necessary. But at the supreme mo
ment of such a cataclysm which sweeps
all, which bruises faces, stifles voices,
when the water has stiffened the cordage
and sails, when the vessel under bare poles
crouches and quivers under the anger of
the temgest, regular work is out of the
question and the helmsman is the only
one who pursues any active labor, but
the schooner, held by the weight of the
dredge which she drags, does not obey
the helm with her usual readiness.
. After an hour of fierce rage the thick
masses of cloud are suddenly broken,
and behind them hangs a thin curtain of
vapor which is dissipated in a few min
utes and the blue of heaven reappears.
Soon the squall hiding the opposite
horizon glides away from us by a mys
terious power and no trace is left on the
mobile sea to betray its passage.
The schooner anchors and hoists one
by one her sails, whose folds as they
open shed cascades of water which have
accumulated there, and soon the soaked
garments of the crew float, or are spread
out to dry, and the wind which blows
now with kind benevolence on those
multicolored lines of tricots, sabots, tar
paulins, caps and shirts seems to im
pose a vulgar labor upon itself which
so recently had threatened their lives.
Prince of Monaco in Sunny Hour.
Count Moltke appears in public only
when the reichstag is sitting, and until
quite lately be was one of the most regu
lar members of the house, where he takes
a front seat on the Conservative benches.
If a speech is made in which he ia par
ticularly interested, he gets up, ap
proaches the speaker, and holds his hands
to his ear, in order to catch every word.
He himself speaks very rarely, and the
'y t time be said a few words was last
Jtr, when he moved a vote of thanks to
the president at the conclusion of the
session. Atlanta American.
IN THE GOLD COUNTRY.
AN OLD MINER TALKS OF THE EARLY
DAYS IN THE BLACK HILLS.
Aa Interesting Talk Over a Camp Fir.
Bockakla Jack's Boot for the Indian.
Bow Wild Dan Brought fat a Coach
Load of Dad Passengers.
As I was traveling through Colorado
and Montana on a trip for my health 1
struck the town of Big Sandy, BL T.
The little city was all excitement over
the reported discovery of gold and silver
in the Sweet Grass hills, a distance of
sixty miles northwest of Big Sandy, and
the town was filled with prospectors of
all descriptions, from the old timer of
'49 to the youth fresh from the east in
search of his fortune, all bound for the
new gold and silver fields.
. As I had plenty of time on my hands
and wanted a little excitement, I joined
m prospecting party. We started for the
promised land the next day. and on the
second day out we were in sight of the
East Duties. 1 rede on in advance of
the party, and as it was getting dark I
was looking for some shelter In which to
pass the night. After riding haphazard
for nearly an hour 1 saw the welcome
light of a prospectors' camp fire and rode
toward It. .
; TRAILING A PESKT DCDlaH.
The camp proved to be a party of
bluff, good natured miners, who had
been In this section and the Black Hills
for a number of years. In answer to my
inquiries as to securing a place to put up
with them, one of them said:
"WaL stranger, our 'com modat ions
are purty poor, but I reckon if yon kin
stan' it we kin."
After eating a supper of jerked beef,
hard tack and coffee the boys began to
tell stories of their experiences in the
days of the frontier. One of them, who
went by the uame of Buckskin Jack,
"WaL. boys, this ere rush makes a fel
ler think of the early days ft the Black
Hills, The Indians wur purty goll
durned mad and wur makin' it middlin'
lively for the boys. Ther wux eight In
our party when we struck camp in a
gulch in the west part of the Hills. The
first night we thot it would be a purty
good plan to set a guard. We drew cuts
ter see who would be lected. an' of
course I wui ther lucky man.
"As we wur not bothered that night
an had saw no signs of any of the pesky
Indians we did not set any guard the
next night We all turned in purty
early an' as we wux all purty tired wux
soon asleep. 'Bout 13 o'clock, as near as
1 could reckon. 1 wus waked by a noise
as if some one wus movin' "bout ther
camp. I got up purty easy an' took a
look 'round. At last I thot 1 seed some
thin' movin". 1 thot 1 wouldn't "sturb
the boys until I foun' out what the rack
et wuz. An' takin' my rifle, 1 walked
to'ards the place whur I seed the thing
movin', an' as ther wuz only one, I
thot I would foller him an' fine out whar
ther camp wux. so that we could come
down on them an' sterminate ther whole
"WaL ter make a long story short, I
follored ther pesky Indian, as I tbet, fur
"bout an hour, an 1 found myself in the
'cinity of our camp again, an' I'll be goll
durned if 1 won't be kicked into the
middle of next summer if my Indian
didn't turn out to be one of our boys
who wus a-walkin' in his sleep. I wux
purty mad. but I sneaked inter my blan
ket, an hev never sed a word 'bout it
DA-N DRIVES THE OLD 6HEBAXQ.
"Wal, I gass it wux a purty good thing
that you didn't, say anything 'bout it or
else you'd never beard the last of iL
said Wild Dan, "but I gess 1 11 tell yer a
little 'sperience 1 had in Cheynne in '63.
"A lot of us boys came in from the
range ter blow oursefs an paint the town
red, an' I gass we did it in fine style. I
was paralyzed fur "bout two days, an'
when 1 finly tumbled ter myself I found
I wux busted an' didnt bev a penny an'
that I would hev ter go back on the
range fur six months, an' wux kickin"
myself fur bein such a chump. Just
then 1 saw a crowd of fellers goin' to'ards
ther Cheynne and Dead wood stage orfice
an' I joined ther crowd. The stage wux
drawn up before the orfice an' the six
broncos were a chawing ther bit an' a
wantin' ter be off. The driver of the
stage bed refused ter go, as ther road
agents an' Inguns bed stopped an' robbed
every stage fur a week, an not a driver
ever turned up ter tell bow it wux done.
Ther stage agent wux wild. As ther
wux the Wells-Fargo treasure box an' six
passengers thet wanted ter go thro' to
Dead wood he offered $500 ter the man
that would drive the stage thro to Dead
wood. "I thot ter myself, 'Dan, old boy.
here's your chance,' an 1 stepped out
from ther crowd and sex, 'Say, mister.
Wild Dan's the man thet kin take Ver
old shebang thro' ter Dead wood. ' With
that 1 jumped inter the boot and yelled,
Get in here, you fellers thet's going
with me,' an' the agent an' six fellers
jumped inter the coach. I picked up
ther lines, cracked the whip an' we wux
off on our journey. Just as we started
some one hollered. Three cheers for
brave Dan.' an' they wus given with a
"Things went all right until we struck
Deadman's Gulch, when out from be
hind some trees twelve men jumped,
with rifles pointed at us, an ordered me
" 'Not by a durned site,' sex L
"An 1 gave ther horses a cut with
ther whip, an' pickin' up my repeating
rifle I opened up on them, an' in less
time than it takes ter tell it six road
agents bed bit the dust. 1 hed not been
hurt, but ray hat hed been shot otF n my
"I picked up my lines an tried ter
stop ther horses, but there wux no stop
ter them, an' they run until they pulled
up in front of ther orfice in Dead wood.
Tnej opened ther stage door, an' ther
stage agent stepped out. an' 1 looked in
ter see if ther passengers wer safe, an'
ther they wux, every one of 'em dead,
killed by the road agents' bulleta
"The stage agent eez: 'Three cheers
for Dan, ther only man that's brot a
stage thro' fur a week.'
" "There's the idear'.' sex I; If 1 cant
bring 'em alive 111 bring 'em in dead.'"
New York Herald.
At a table in a restaurant a diner
said to another on the opposite side of
the table, "I beg pardon, sir, but will
you kindlv pass me the salt cellar?"
"Humph j i said the other insolently.
"Do you take me for the waiter!"
The first diner made no reply, but
calmly called, "Waiter 1"
The waiter came up, bowing, and
asked him what he desired.
"Nothing," said the gentleman,
"except to apologize to you. It seems
that I took this man. for you. " Youth's
It Is Ho
Longer Inimical to Saceoaa
A good deal of discussion has been
excited by Mr. Andrew Carnegie's decla
ration that, so far as his observation,
goes, college-bred yoong men are not
apt to succeed ia business. Assuming
that the purpose of business Is to maka
money, he says that a eoilege graduate
does not fulfill it so quickly or so surely
as one who goes into business immedi
ately upon leaving schooL There was
a time, no doubt, when no one would
have disputed the assertion. The origi
nal aim of universities was to fit younaf
mcu tw vuw cusreu, mii op vt baa iw
ginning of this century, soch colleges
! as Harvard, Yale and Priuceton so far
; conformed to the mediaeval conception
of their functions, that a majority of
their graduates were intended for the
ministry and entered upon its da ties.
Even those who chose the professions
of medicine or law were largely impelled
by other than pecuniary motives, and
did not contemnlate rivalry with bnsi-
In the days when a college curricu
lum was mainly confined to Greek,
Latin and the higher mathematics, it
was generally acknowledged that a lad
looking forward to a business lite would
do better to enter a store or conn ting
room at an early age than to spend at
college the se ven important years be
tween fourteen and twenty-one. Not
only would the graduate find it difficult
to make up for the long start acquired
by his non-collegiate competitors. - but
he would be handicapped by habits,
tastes, predilections and points of view,
but ill adapted to success ia business.
It was, perhaps, the belief once current
in the disqualification of highly edu
cated young men for business pursuits
that led the elder James Gordon Ben
nett to say to Mr. George W. Cbilds fas
the latter tells us in hia "Recollec
"Child, how nafortanatc ft is for a boy to
have rfc-h parent. If yon and I bad been born
that jt, p rhaps we wouldn't have amounted
In this country, however," and to a
considerable extent ia England, the
purposes and methods of college educa
tion have undergone a process of re-ad-adjustment
during the - present genera
tion. The results of the changes in the
aim and the curriculum of universities
are not yet so ma nifest as they will be
later, but we may already predict wita
confidence that the Carnegies of the fu
ture will have comparatively little
ground for pronouncing a college train
ing nnsulted to business success.-- Te
make clergymen has ceased to be the
primary purpose of our ehief institu
tions of learning. They are rather de
signed to qualify young men for effect
ive exertion in whatever vocation they
may choose to enter.
Their present function is twofold ;
first to effect a general stimulation and
discipline of the mental faculties: and,
secondly, to supply instruction through
elective courses in subjects specially
ad a d ted to secure advancemen t in the
man looks forward. The time which,
formerly a lad must have expended
upon Greek, he can now devote to civil
engineering or to electricity and chem
istry, whose relations to industry are
manifold, direct and obvious. Moreover,
the spirit of undergradaate life, as
might be expected, now that studies are
adjusted to post-graduate intentions,
has become less academical and more
practical. Instead of beinfr, what it used
to be, a microcosm sequestered from
prosaic bread-earning existence and
having, sea rcely any points of contact
with it, the college has become a vesti
bule of the outdoor world. Universities,
in fine, have recognized the necessity of
such radical reconstruction of their pro
grammes and processes as shall make
education not merely an intellectual
gymnastio but a specifio and substan
tial promoter of advancement in any
career. N. Y. Ledger. '.
Remarkable Cans of Death. '
The Sumterrille (Fla.) Times tells a
remarkable story in connection with
the phosphate excitement. It says that
several persons have been drowned in"
the Withlacooche river while diving
for hidden treasures. "A colored maa
named Abrams is the last victim, and
his case was a very peculiar one. A
party was sounding the bottom of the
Withlacooche for phosphate, and when
an extraordinary bone or tooth v3-4i3-
covered Abrams would dive down and.
bring it up. At last he saw a very large
bone and dived for it, but remained at
the bottom. Waiting a few momenta
and seeing his body at the bottom, grap-pling-hooks
were obtained by his com
rades and his body was brought to the
surface. As he came up a huge horn or
tusk was seen sticking out of his head.
Upon examination it was found that in
diving he had struck head first a huge
elephant's tusk that was standing on
the river's bed in an upright position.
It had pierced his brain, causing instant
death. The tusk was over four feet
Time SaTed by Eleetrie Llft-feta.
In the Postoffiee Central Savings
bank, in London, it has been found af
ter two years' experience of electric
lighting that the average amount of
illness has been diminished by about
two days per year for each person on
the staff. This is equivalent to a gain
to the service of the time of about eight
clerks in that department alone. Tak
ing the cost at the "overtime" rate
only, this would mean a saving in sal
aries of 640 a year. The cost of the
installation of the electric light was
3,849, and the annual cost of working
700 per annum, say a total annual
cost of 1,034. The cost of- gas con
sumed for lighting purposes was 700
a year, so that on the whole there was
a direct saving of something like 266
a year to the government, besides the
material advantage of the better work
of the staff, resulting from the im
proved atmospheric conditions under
which their work is done. New York
When Ye Are la srup.
In traveling on the continent get Be
daeker's guide books. Look np the
hotels, and if intending to stop at any
place for several days write ahead for
terms. Ask for a price including light
and service, as they are always extra.
When the price does not include lights
take candles along. The charge for
lights is fifty cents a night for each per
son, and a dozen candles cost but twenty
cents. Soap is always an extra except
in England. '
Those who ask for anything not on
the bill of fare will pay handsomely for
it In all the Paris restaurants they
charge for the table cloth and napkins
to begia with. F.Tchanre.