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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 10, 1890)
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LEBANON." .OREGON, FRIDAY. JANUARY 10, 1890.
I.KIIANON MlllilK, NO. , A V. A. M i WwiU
Hh tlmlr ni'W IihII In Miuvmlo liU.uk, uti HuUmUy
imiiihitf, on nr Mora llin lull iwmii,
N ,1 WANHON, W. M.
S-KHANON t.ODUH, NO. n, I. O. O. K.l Mwl H
imUy nulling it .mil WK-k. t Oilil Mlnw'n Hull,
Mulii utrwt; nlnlllng hmtlirwn mulliilhr linltwl Ui
- .tt.Mil J J. OHAIil.ToN, H O
HONOR LOIMIK NO W, A. O. V. W Mmw,
Org, in. Mi'M (nory llmt iui'1 tlilnl Tlnini.lii .u-
hKH ll. tll IMHltll. K. II, III IH IO K . M . W .
" ""' RKUaiOCIH NOT ItJHJS."
. K. I'llUIKIf.
Wallnn Hklpwnrlli, iHl(r KKrvlmn I'li'h Hun
. liny ut. II A. H. Mini 7 P, M. HH lt4ny Hi'hnnl Hi IU
a. u, viicli Hiunliiy,
. W. (Httniiv, liiixlor Hervlcim wwli Sunday
I It A. M. Kuiiiliiy Hi'linnl 10 A. M, Hervliwa
fHi'll H'lmUV ll'Kllt.
CIIMIIKW.AMI I'KKMHYTKIIIAN CHTHt'll,
J. It. Klrkpatrli'k, ialiir--Hervli,m llif .2nd
ami 4th HiiikIiivh Ht II A. M. mill 7 f. M. Hiiuday
Hi'tioul vaoh Sunday lit 10 A. M.
DR. C. H. DUCKETT,
Office, Ix-tween U. T. Cotton and
I'etersou k Wallace.
K. WEATHER FORD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
OllUse ovr Klnit National Hunk.
AIJIAK V .... OKi:.4
. U. M. IILArKHUKN.
)KO( W. WUHIHT.
BLACKBURN & WRICHT,
Attorneys at Law
Will nraisUi! In nil tliB Court! of Hut Hint.
Prompt munition nivou to nil Ihihiikimi ou
IruxttMl to imr euro.
OtlluaOtld fallow's Temple. Ailiany. Or.
O. P. COSHOW & SONS,
1X8 VU ANOB KXTS,
de, con vcy annliiK and all
w oik done ou aliort nuliue.
J. M. Keene, D. D. S.
Office: Breyman Bros. Building,
Hours from 8 A. M. to 6 P. M.
THE YAQUINA ROUTE.
OREGON PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Bresoii UsveloDieat Coiipauy's stearasliHi Line.
'2S Mlivrtr, llniii-n l.i' TIiim-
TIihii hy niiy uilitii' Itiiiiiu.
Plrst-OlHua ThroiiKh HBHHmmer unci
Krom Portlmid mill nil puliil In I In- WHImm'tle
Viillny to mill linin miii I' in in'.,
OREGON PACIFIC RAILROAD.
TI11K HCimOULH, (Kxi'iift rtiilnliiyn.)
j.y AtAliy 1:00 p.i
l.V IjfitVUiUll I .'ID l.l
At 5jj,iAim 6:i!U M
L? "" aKamV V:00 Vi.'iii.
l.v Viniilim ii.J, . ii. in.
l.V ClII'VltlliH 10 .ii. 11.111,
Ar Allimiy UilHk.lil.
tt. fa C. tiHliu coiiui'cl ut. A Uumy mid Cninillin.
Thf mIhivc (imiiik I'lilllli'i'l ill Viliillillil tt llll the
6tUii i!Vnl(iiini;nl Cmniiiiiiy'd liiii' nf Stni
liilpii Ifutwevu Vuiiiimi mid hn Kntiii:lauu.
KA1MNU DATKH :
' V' fHo"tt . " KIM YAmilWA.
A UKUflt ti.
Thin noinpuny n'um vi'H tlio riijlil tu clmuK"
alltuK dulwK wltliiiiP iiiiliou,
Piuwuumwn (linn I'liitlmiit mid all WUIiimrUi'
raliNy IiiIa i'kii iniiUi' climf t'oiiiu'otlini with
Ik rto of the Vmiuliiii iiiiili'Ht AiJimiynr
Uvrnuia, auil i( ilcntlui'il to Sun KniiniUco
ifetiwit arriiUKC to uirivn at YuiUliia thcv
niMK Ptifurt! tUinlnIi' of miUIiik.
I'liMM.iiKwr Willi 'rvllit KntfH
Ahviiyn tlio L,owt.
Kr laNtruintlou itpily to
C. Jf. HAHWKI.I.,
aal Prl tfc Pans. At.
0Sff jMv.I'vni'ut (Jo
n FraaclHUo, (Jul.
V. 0. HOti!K,
Aot'K 1om. K. A V. Agt.
0. 1. It. It. 11. Co.,
,ave Oorvallls Mouiliiy, WedneMlay, Krlday,
in,; Iiniv Allmuy luw a. in.
uriTufciKliMp, Mamlay, Wodnciiitny, Krlday, S
XI,; limvu irltlnm, Tuonduy, TUuinduy, batur-
uav.S a, in.
Ajrtv fortlaud, TuBsday, ThwMday. 8atl
day, 11:114 p. id,
Iare Portland, Monday, Wedaeidaf , Friday,
ArtTe SiUem, Monday, Wedniday, Friday,
Jv l. . laav Salw, Tnasday, Tbunday, 6t
, .. .-f a a. iu. LwivAllluuiv 1 -JIB B. m.
j, OotTolililwttay, Xltwiday, tatardar
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
Four tographlo inosHajrna can now
bo trarmmitti'd uvnrone wlro atone time
by imin the qundruplnx nyMtum.
Tim diHlnfnctini? joww of aminol
gitH in anon ttiiit when introduced into
BHwnfro it very quickly doHtroya the mi
crolitia of putrofuntion and of many did-
Donola in mado principally fron?
Itruzllian and Kanoan poatwklns, by a
proraiNH that coruldncH tawlncf with tan
ninfr. Tlio tawinff given trcnpth to the
fiber to nmint the action of the water,
- The manufacture of Hupar by the
uilliiHion proccHH in LouiHlana lias re
Btiltil in u (rreat incroano of output,
Moreover, tliero In already growing up
a more Hciciuiflc agriculture, a bettor
knowledtfa of the problems of nupar
manufucture, a more Hcientiflo method
in the Hiipiir hoiiHe, and th introduction
of improved machinery.
The American watcheshave attained
Hiich excellence that they are now uni
voroally regarded as superior time
pieces to tlioHo of Swiss and French
manufacture, and, in respect alike to
flniBh and accuracy, the hand-made
American watches are acknowledged to
have no Kiiperior, while their cheapness
iH Dimply wonderful.
In the new proeeHH of making white
lead the ore as it comes from tho mine
in volaiilized and oxidized by the air,
the funics are condensed in a nlihtly
acid liquor, and the resulting sludpe is
washed and dried for the market without
having been touched by the men. (juick-
iieas of manufacture, Htartlng with ore
and not with the purified metal, and
avoidance of danger to the workmen,
are among the advantages of the new
Fertilizing material is now pro
cured from iron. In the manufacture of
Bessemer steel alight basic slag known
as Thomas slag is tho result, which is
reduced to an impalpable powder and
sold to farmers, as it contains a large
proportion of the phosphoric add. Those
who are familiar with the merits of the
slag estimate that it contains twenty
one per cent, of plant food.
A French scientist removed the shell
n cither side of an egg without injur
ing 4be membrane, in patches about tit
size of the diameter of a pea, snugly
fitted the openings with bits of glass,
placed the egg with the glass bull's eyes
in an incubator, run by clock-work and
revolving once each hour, and had the
pleasure of looking th rough and watch
ing the change upon the inside at the
end of each sixty minutes.
It has been estimated that the capi
talization of the varipus corporations
and concerns in this country dependent
upon electricity for their business, from
the Western Union Telegraph Company
down to the humblest maker of electrical
appliances, is not less than $uu0.0()0,000.
This means that the people now pay an
annual tax of between thirty-five and
forty millions for a convenience which
forty years ago had scarcely begun to
attract attention as something more than
a Boientillo toy. Philadelphia Ueoord.
A lecture was rooently delivered at
Madras, India., on the mosquito. The
lecturer, Mr. II. Sullivan Thomas, con
siders the mosquito a most useful pest,
seven-eighths of its existence being de
Toted to tho service of men and only
one-eighth to their annoyance. It
exists In the larval state twenty-one
days, and during that period engages in
sanitary work with ardor and thorough
ness. Wherever there is dirty water,
wherever there is a filthy drain, there
the mosquito larvie are to be found in
hundreds, voraciously devouring the
contaminating matter. Jf. O. Times
. , m m
A REMARKABLE WORK.
A Pnlntlntr A I mime to Koprencnt Every
Plume of It ii iiih.ii KxIstniivH.
A painting remarkable for its breadth
of conception has boon placed on exhibi
tion in the Yule vending room by ira de
signer, U, ii'imt Houston, of Mahattan,
Kan., who is at present a tutor at the
university with a view to entering the
Divinity School. Tlie work is entitled
"The Universe," being intended to em
brace every phase of human existence,
and is divided into eight planes the in
fernal, the material, the human, the in
tellectual, the moral, the Christian, the
futuro and the eternal.
Tho infernal piano represents dark
ness as pictured by Dante and Milton.
The material plane represents the sun
breaking upon the chaotic world. In
the center is Christ, about whom tho
whole universe turns; His feet rost on
the material plane, and His hands roaoh
into tlio eternal. The figures on the
right of Christ represent tho pro-Christ-aln
era, those on tho left tho Christaln
era. In tho human plane on tho right,
Adam and Eve are drifting away from
Christ, with Adam looking mournfully
Tho intelluctual plane shows pre-hu-r
toric men. the cave-dweller and the vinc
lovlng god liaochns. An altar on which
the golden calf of Jewish idolatary rests
rises in the background of this plane.
Modern civilization, with Julius Caiaar
aim id u.iso dcpicieu. In the
moral plane the Mosaic dispensation is
represented by Moses with his rod point
ing to the Itilile; David and Joshua are
The flashing of lightning in the sky
represents the appoaraneo of God on
Mount Sinai. An allusion to the present
civilization is on the right of this piano,
with the Uartholdi Btatun of Liberty
and figures of Shakespeare and Luther,
Tho Christian plane is represented by
Christ with the material platie on one
side and the llible on the othfr. Before
'.he bneilica from which came the modern
church edi nee are I'eier, John una dame.
Tho Bible, the fountain, and the cross
are raised high above the plane of human
existence. In the future aal eternal
planes are represented the various the
ories of future existence. Mr. Houston
has patented an '"Educational Model of
the Universe," giving illustrations of
the moveini nts of the heavenly bodies,
and material illustrations of yiental and
moral truths. This model is at the North'
western University in Chicagoi Ex-President
Porter, of Vale University, and
Professor Thayer, of the Harvard Divin
ity School, have shown special interest
In Mr Houston's work. Chicago Journal.
Medieval writers had much to say
atxiut black magic, and those who prac
ticed it. In our time we have grown so
wise that we have proved no such filing
exists, or ever did exist. Very good. What
we are not afraid of is not apt to hurt us.
But if there is no bucIi tiling as black
magic, what malign influence is it that
enables a person like the woman Diss
Debar, the so called "spoofc priestess"
to entangle victim after victim in her
net. She bamboozled Luther Marsh, one
of the ablest lawyers of New York, out
of thousands of dollars, by alleged spirit
pictures: . She deceived many others by
pretending to produce the same kind of
picture upon the stage, though the
fraud was so palpatio that it made ont
feel bad for human nature to think any
body could be taken in by it.
The woman was sent to Blackwell'i
Island prison for obtaining money under
false pretenses, tier career was' fully
exposed by newspapers throughout the
country. It woukl have been a reason
able conclusion that Diss Debar was
Was she? Not she. No sooner had
eiie been released than she went to Wash
ington and laid her net for a rich widow
there. The spook dodge was played suc
cessfully. By elate writing the rich
widow was commanded to give Diss De
bar a shelter. Next, the two went to
Europe together, D. D. claiming to be
the persecuted and cast off wife of the
rich Mr. Luther Marsh. In London the
widow was rescued from the spook
priestess while she yet bad some money
left, and came borne.
Thus the priestess makes her living.
She is not handsome. She is fat. She is
not eloquent or learned. Nevertheless,
with her record fully exposed, wherever
site goes she finds rich people who be
come as babies in her hands. Her case is
not singular. Most of our readers will
recall instances in which, in some inex
plicable way, unworthy and designing
persons have wound themselves around
the best and noblest of people, and made
them do their will utterly. If this is not
mentnerism, or black magic, or some
ihkig of that nature, what is if
Kmaralda and Other Stour That Will R
J-'aNliiouaule Till Season.
Emeralds will be more fashionable
thar. they have been before in years, and
while diamonds will, of course, hold
their customary place at the head of all
precious stones, the gems from Brazil
will lie worn by tho ultra-faahionablr
throughout the season.
The demand for emeralds even now
surpasses that of any previous season,
and the price is gradually increasing.
It will not surprise the dealers if it gets
to be on a par with diamonds. It is but
slightly below that now and unless the
craze wears off or th supply is increased
there is nothing to prevent its reaching
high-water mark before the holidays.
Emeralds have been gaining populari
ty for the past season or two, but not
much notice was taken of them until
last spring, when they became quite
prominent at the affaires de nonele. The
principal dealers in precious stones in
the city immediately put up tho price,
and all summer tho largest jewelers
have been sotting them in new designs
anticipating a big demand. As a result
emeralds will be found within two weeks
in all sorts of settings both alone and in
combination with rubies, diamonds and
Brazil furnishes almost all the first
class stonei, although a few aro found
in Europe and tho United States which
do notcome up to the standard. Emeralds,
with very few exceptions, have flaws in
them. Perfectly pure Btonos are so rare
that there' run are freuuentlr al
luded to as flaw stones.
Thousands of new designs in neck
laces, brooches, bracelets, rings, pins
and watches aro being placed before tho
public, mado to include one or more
emeralds. Tho general style for a neck
lace or bracelet is te have tho emeralds
fairly large, with dozens of small dia
monds about them in irregular clusters.
A string of hearts about tho size of a
dime, of diamonds with a quarter-caret
emerald in the center of each, is one of
the latest caprices for a necklaco or
bracelet. The latter is mado of fourteen
hearts, and costs $800. Stars are used in
the same manner, also various kinds of
For rings pearls are used to set off the
emerald, usually setcrosswiseorinsome
pretty design. Many of the emeralds
have been cut in the shape of a crescent
or a star, while otliem are finished in
the same way diamonds are, cut, instead
of the old fashioned oblong shape.
These are used mostly in bracelets, or
necklaces designed to represent a rib
bon tied in a bow knot.
Black pearls are also in great demand
this fall, but their scarcity and price
will prevent them ever becoming a rage
such as the present craze for emeralds.
There are comparatively very few black
pearls in the United States, and it is
always hard to buy a good one, even if
the price paid does seem enormous.
They are found mostly in the lower part
of the Gulf of California, and are sent
direct from there to Europe, to be pre
pared for the retail dealers and then
shipped back to this country.
The turquois will be used some in
combination with eithur black or white
pearls, aside from its usual popularity
in connection with diamonds. There
are not many new designs, however, for
it which do not include a pearl or an
"Rubies, as diamonds, are always
fashionable," said a gentlemen uptown
who is considered an authority on such
subjects, "and the price is considerably
higher than it was a year, yes, three
months ago. They are bought by people
who do not change their jewels as they
do the style of their bonnets, and will
always bring a good market price. Next
to diam-iids and black pearls, they are
considered the best investment that
could bo mullein precious stones. 'T X.
Y. Mail and Express.
A singular circumstaTice recently
occurred at Bidcleford, Me., which re
minds one of the days when people bar
tered in beads and wampum. Two men,
one a small, slender person and the
other of proportions in the neighborhood
of 300 pounds, were employed by one of
the women in that locality to dig a grave
on her family lot. They workedrapidly,
and ere they were aware, the excavation
was so large and deep that the fat man
was unable to get out of the hole. A
machine was constructed, and afterquite
a struggle the big man was once more on
top. In payment for their services the
woman a short time after gave each of
the two men five quarts of gray beans
enough to keep them out of the ground
for quite a while if it came to the worst.
A Wonderfully Made Fish.
One of the most wonderful of fishes Is
the one bearing the name of chiasmodon
niger., or the great swallower. The body
is elongated, of nearly uniform thick
ness most of the length of the fish. The
jaws are very long and fitted with sharp
teeth, some of which seem to be reversi
ble. The manner of feeding is to grasp
a fish by the tail and proceed to climb
over it with his jaws. As the captive is
taken in, the stomach and integument
stretch out; the distended belly appears
as a great bag. The fish will swallow
notber one six or twelve times his own
size. This rapacity proves his own de
struction sometimes, as the gas formed
in the process of digestion makes a bal
loon of his stomach that brings the flsb
to the surfaco. A3 his habitat is sup
posed to bo 1,500 feet below the surface,
this is the only way he came to be in
troduced to the public through the three
specimens now on exhibition in muse
ums. Pittsburgh Dispatch.
ine Chilians have evidently dis
covered the secret of longevity. From
a recent return it appears that nearly
600 persons out of a total of 2,500,000
aro upwards of a hundred years old.
One man puts his ago down at 150,
making him the oldest man in the
world. After him comes a woman
aged 138; two women and ono man re
port themselves as 135; 132, 130 and
127 each have a representative, while
there are seven 125 years old, eignt
120, twenty-seven 115, and no less than
ninely-ono aged 110. But they are
mostly colored persons. The whites
in Chili are cut down like flowers at
the earlv aire of 90 or aor.
Uue oi the reason's for the strong hold
the chrysanthemum has upon, popu
lar regard lies in the tact that it is an
old fashioned Bower. It has a claim
upou the affections of many people
tlirougu early associations and child
hood remembrances that the later
triumphs of the florist's art can never
Is it better for a town t , ' ,
works? Mr. Bronson Kefe
this question iu The P'orum'v ..
Iu Europe it is as common to
own gas plants as it is for them t .
owners of water works In AirtA
Without exception, the result is favora
ble. Eight cities in tho United States
own their gas plants. Four of them are
in Virginia Richmond, Danville, Alex
andria and Charlottesville. The others
are Philadelphia, Bcllcfontaine, O.;
Wheeling, W. Va., and Henderson, Ky.
The prices range from the highest, $1.62
at Alexandria, to the lowest, at Wheel
ing, 75 cents per thousand cubic feet.
The gas works at Wheeling the writer
considers a model of excellence. W hat
a city can do with her own plant is w-ell
shown here. The municipal authorities
bought the gas works of Wheeling in
1863 for 170.000. Gas was then $2.50 a
thousand. From tho profits, under city
management, debts were paid and the
works rebuilt with modern improve
ments without taxing the people a dollar.
The plant is now worth half a million.
The product has been lowered to seventy
five cents per thousand, and the streets,
the markets, school and engine houses,
all the public buildings and the Young
Men's Christian association are lighted
free of charge.
Yet the Wheeling gas works in 1889
turned into the city treasury a net profit
of 27,106. The Wheeling rate for gas
is the lowest in the Union. It is because
the works are out of debt, and there are
no dividends to pay to stockholders.
With modern discoveries and improve
ments tho manufacture of gas is becom
ing constantly cheaper. The prediction is
made that in a few- years it can be manu
factured to sell for 25 cents per thousand.
Then, or even when it comes to be as
low as 50 cents, it can lie used for fuel
the country over. Mr. Keeler finds
there can bo no such thing as competing
gas companies. Customers who do not
like one company, in the nature of
things, cannot change to another, unless1
they move their houses. Moreover, a
gas company never yet was started to
compete honestly with another. The
new company is always founded to
blackmail tho old company into purchas
ing it, just as a parallel railway line is
How can nature take care of us if we
never go to see her? She cannot; that is
plain. It is a thought that is at last be
ginning to percolate the brains of many
town people. We lwe and thrive by the
workings of nature within us. ynless
we go out now and then to sojourn be
neath the sun and sky, and to be in touch
with mother earth herself, we can have
no long continued well being of soul Or
Mindful of this, city and town people
are forming walking clubs. They take
what they call cross country walks. A
party of pleasant acquaintances, whose
days are doomed to be spent behind
desks and within walls, meet at an early
hour of the morning at a designated spot
and take a train to a station a few miles
beyond city pavemrnts. There they
leave the cars and start on their walk.
It is anywhere from ten to twenty miles
long. Dinner is taken at some pretty
rustic inn, where cream, fresh eggs and
milk are plentiful. Sometimes a lunch
is carried along. In every case the cross
country walkers provide abundantly for
Men and women both go in the walk
ing parties sometimes, though often
each sex tries it alone. Sundays and
holidays are chosen for the walks usu
ally. The route is selected beforehand,
sometimes on level roads, again In a
hilly country. The walkers gain a
knowledge of scenery and landscape,
and health, gracefulness and good looks
Who -anirs the negro? A colored col
ony from the United States have been
preparing to settle.jn Mexico. They ob
tained necessary concessions from the
Mexican government, but the people of
the vicinity made strong objections to
having tho colony in their neighborhood.
Under tho circumstances the best thing
for the negro to do is to stay right where
he is, work hard at anything he can find
till sometliiiig better offers, try with all
his might to educate himself and accu
mulate property, and be an honest, moral
man. That is what white people have to
do who make any permanent success, and
the same road is open to the black man
in most parts of this union.