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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 23, 1889)
A Ulanee Into Home of th ttocreta of tha
Tha export of find perfumery Is prln
rlpally from Graaso, Nice, Cannes and
Bremen. The business Is divided into
two parts. The manufacturer extracts
from the flowers their essential oils.
The perfumer buys these oils, pomade"
and. extracts, and compounds them in
several ways. Only about a dozen of
ail the fragrant flowers in the world
are used in the manufacture of per
fumery, via.: The violet, rose, orange
flower, jasmine, tuberose, cassia, laven
der, thyme, rosemary, geraniums, jou
quil and fennel. The rose and the
orange are the most valuable. Of the
numerous varieties of the rose, only
one is used the Provence rose, siugle,
pale, pink, the most sweet smelling of
roses; not hardy. Picking for per
fumery occurs in almost every month
f the. year.
It is a paradoxical fact in the busi
ness that the bitter orange yields the
best blossoms for perfumary. One ton
of blossoms yields two pounds eight
ounces of oil neroll. The frulUof the
bitter orange yields a very fine essen
tial oil, bigarade. It is used in many
scents. The orange tree, cultivated
for its oil, lasts, with care, over
two hundred years. One ton of
the distilled leaves of the scented
verbena geranium yields from twenty
four to thirty ounces of the essential
oil. The flowers of the jasmine are
picked just after sunset in July, and in
the morning, as soon as the dew is off,
in August The jasmine is a peculiarly
delicate flower. Its essential oil is so
volatile that it can not bo extracted by
distillation, tho heated water decom
posing it so that only a faint tinge of
the perfume is left in the water that
passes through the refrigerant. Like
, the jasmine, tho oil of the tuberose
can not be extracted by distillation.
The perfume of the cassia is much
used in compounds. The process of
manufacturing perfumes is in itself
very interesting, especially to the
ladies. A ton of roses yields only two
ounces of the attar, ottar or otto. If
kept at a temperature below 60 attar
crystallizes; if kept open to the air and
light it Is easily volatilized. Perfumed
oils are made by putting fresh quanti
ties of flowers into the finest of virgin
olive oil, from twenty to thirty differ
ent times. The essential oil of flowers
has a strong affinity to lard or grease.
The latter, rendered as white as snow,
is perfectly saturated with the flowers.
The process is repeated many times.
In this way we have pomade of rose,
orange, cassia and violet The affinity
of the perfume of flowers for alcohol is,
however, stronger than that for grease.
Pomades, immersed in alcohol, are ren
dered into extracts, the grease leaving
the perfume. Troy (N. Y.) Times.
THE NAVY IN WHITE.
American War ThmIi to Hto a Color AU
The vessels of the United States navy
are hereafter to be painted white. The
order was received at the Brooklyn
Jfavy Yard, and every one who heard
the news was delighted to think that
at last the American navy was to have
a distinct color of its own.
The cause of tho order has been the
satisfaction arising from painting the
Boston and Yorktown white. The new
order reads in substance that in future
when iron and steel vessel are to be
painted the hull above the water line
on the outside and all paint work on
the Inside shall be painted white. The
masts, yards, head, booms, doublings
of masts, and funnels shall be painted
straw-yellow color, the paint for
which is to be prepared by the Bureau
of Construction and liepnir. Witn a
view to economy the other vessels of
the new navy not now painted white
will not be painted until their present
coat of black becomes shabby.
It has been found that iron and steel
vessels when painted black have been
unnecessarily hot, and to do away with
this discomfort as well as to improve
the looks of the vessel white has been
decided upon as the color for the navy.
Especially is this color considered a
serviceable one when cruisers are doing
duty in tropical climates. The coat of
whito will do much to prevent the ab
sorption of heat tli at these vessels are
liable to, and thereby greatly Increase
the comfort of otiicers and crew and
Improve the sanitary condition of lbs
vessel. N. Y. Times.
J ' ' Bullfrogs as Bird-E;aJ ;rs.
Once while out after snipe, not far
from Montreal, Canada, with Mr.
Frank Livingston, a well known sports
man of Toronto, we suddenly came
upon a spot where some dozen birds or
so were scattered about feeding. Mo
tioning to Frank to get ready, we both
raised our guns and fired simultaneous
ly, Frank killing two and myself one.
My snipe was knocked over into the
water and what was my surprise when,
on reaching the bank to secure him, I
saw &n enormous bullfrog shoot sud
denly from the water, seize my game
and make off with it under my very
nose. To say I was flabbergasted or
thunderstruck would be a mild way of
expressing astonishment at the au
dacity of this marine robber, but rais
ing my gun uuu uutiug rapm aim X led
him have a charge of No. 8, which
effectually stopped him In his plunder
ing career. Ho hud Bwallaweu whole
the legs, body and all but the head of
a snipe one-half the size of himself.
while returning one summer afternoon
from beach bird shooting on tho shores
of Long Island, a companion shot a
bnuk swallow, which fell on the margin
of a pool on the salt meadows. On
going to fish it up It could not be found,
but in the water nt the edge of tlte
pool was seen the head of a huge bull
frog, and from Its mouth projected,
like two horns, the tips of the swallow's
wings, Forest and Stream.
flow Groat Thlnira CI row Lltllfl In iror
Bight aa W Grow Older.
Reader, if you ever left homo and
went to a great city to seek fortune and
fame, or lodging at police headquarters,
then come home on a visit after a year
jr two, did you notico how low the
houses once so tall in your eyes ap
peared? When fifteen I went forth in the
world and found myself at the end of
the second day four hundred miles from
home in a larger city than I had ever
seen. I was soon familiar with its
firincipal points of interest, and only
aek of funds with which to purchase
postage stamps kept me from deluging
my school-mates in Illinois witn glow
ing account of my wonderful adven
tures and my hair-breadth escapes.
I remember the nrst time the hre de
partment was called out after my ad
vent in the city. It was before lire ex
tinguishing hiid become a profession as
it is to-day, and the limn department
was a volunteer affair, which hauled tho
old "Seneca Chief steamer bv hand.
and ran a hook-and-laddcr truck and
hand engine by the samcmotivo power.
I was struck with tho apparent melli
ciency of the outfit, and yearned to right
the numerous errors I thought 1 detect
ed in mim ing Tenner's barn to ashes.
If there is nn thing a boy with the ac
cumulated wSmIoiu of lifieen long and
weary years raukling in his bosom, can
detect better than another it is an error
in some great enterprise like burning a
house or bam, anil he is not slow in
righting the great wrong to tho best of
his ability. I thought the fellow that
held the helm of the hook-and-ladder
tnick did not understand his .business,
so I walked up to him and seized one
horn of the dilemma. I never exactly
knew whether I fainted, suffered a stroke
of paralysis or was kicked by a mule,
but when I recovered from my teiiixr
ary indisposition I was lying on my back
in the mud, and one of my eyes hail lost
its cunning. It was in mourning nearly
two weeks after that
Ever since that occurrence, I have
known more about the line of policy
pursued by accomplished firemen than I
ever knew before. I believe I learned
about as much concerning fires on that
occasion as I ever care to know, for 1
wandered around after rising from the
reene of my downfall, until I collided
with a somewhat persistent stream oi
water . that the hoseman evidently
thought useless for any purpose except
lo extinguish the ardor of over-smart
boys. I have since observed that all
well regulated fire departments have an
engine for that express purpose. A fire
bas no charms for a first-class fireman,
i there is a boy with ideas far in ad
ranee of his years in the crowd of by
itanders. I have seen a whole depart
ment of firemen let thousands of dollars
mm to ashes right in front of them,
vhile engaged in dampening the irre
versible ardor of youth. In my opin
ion it is the duty of every city to pass
ordinances prohibiting boys "from run
ning to tires, in order that firemen may
liave time to throw a little water on the
With all my inexperience and ad
vanced ideas, Tsurvived the shocks and
rebuffs of an unappreciative world and
was spared to return to my home, re
storing light, life and comfort to tho
languishing household. When the train
pulled into my father's post-office ad
dressthat is about all there was of my
native village I was surprised at the
lowness of the two-story brick house
that constituted its business district. I
had though it the very impersonation
of architectural altitude in the good old
days, but on my return it teemed a
very small affair.
So it was with the hopes of high posi
tion among my old school-mates, which
I had builded seven or eight stories
high before I came home. I found that
all that remained of them was the base
ment, and instead of looking up to me,
as I had fondly anticipated, they slapped
me on the back in the old familiar
way, and when I resented such famili
arity they 6aid . I was stuck up and
they were right Through Mail.
Resin, as used In the manufacture
of building paper, is being largely re
placed by a petroleum product called
"still wax" or "wax tailings." This
substance has soveral important ad
vantages over resin, such as non
liability to oxidize, toughening, in
stead of growing brittle, with ago,
slow combustion, and rapid melting at
200 Fahrenheit, in which state it
combines perfectly with resin, asphal-
tum and warm oil.
Mrs. Cleveland nad two very
beautiful orange and lemon trees while
in tho White House, and courteously
left them to Mrs. Harrison on her de
parture. General Ben Butler, who was
asked to reply to the question, "Should
women propose?" declined an answer
on the plea that he was "past having
any interest in it."
She should wait "I tell von once
for all not to bother mo nay more. I
will never consent to he your wite, '
exclaimed Miss Esmeralda Longeollln
to Kosciusko Murphy, an Austin tluilo.
"Hold up now, and wait till 1 got my
now dovecolor d pants from the tailor.
I guess you will sorter cliuugo .your
mind then. Great Scott! how beautiful
tlios'! pants tit, and how they match my
complexion," exclaimed Murphy.
He began telling her of his love In
impassioned tones, when suddenly her
face became perfectly expressionless,
her eves assumed ft faraway, whlthor-sm-I-drilting
look, mid all interest in life
teemed departed. "Pardon me," ho
laid, coldly, "your evident indlU'erenoo
leads mo to believe that my words are
distasteful to " "N-not a-nt a-nll,
Jeorge," she articulated, with great
difficulty, "b-b-but I f foel th-that I'm
j-a-aliout to 8--sneze aw chow-hasp-
how-shoo! Iherol Iow, George, a
you were saying A'. X. .V
Newark contributed over 2o,000
for the relief of tho Johnstown suffer
ers. Jersey City contributed loss than
one-halt of that umount As Jersey
City according to the consus Is the
largest city In New Jersey, we must
account for this discrepancy by reasons
not novel. Jersey City people go over
to New York to contribute to the relief
fund, just as they go there to die, be
born and be married. Newark Adver
tiser. In 1816 it took just one bushel of
corn to buy one pound of nails, now
one bushel of corn will buy ten
pounds of nails. Then it required
sixty-four bushels of barley to buy
one yard of broadcloth; now the same
amount of barloy will pay for twenty
yards of broadcloth. It thon required
the price of one bushel of wheat to pay
for one yard of calico, now ono bushel
of wheat will buy twenty yards of
Oregonian Railway Co. Luteal Line.
G. M. SCOTT, Receiver.
To Take F.ftVrt June . IMMt,
1 M'lck. p. m.
Between Portland and Coburg 123 Miles.
3 :. p.m
10 :00 a m
6 00 am
ar . .... tJobtiry..
BKTWKKN roRTLiNIl AMD AIIILIK, K) HUE,
root of K Htrwt.
7::a.m I lv.FortUiiiKl'. A W. V.).ar :20p.m
9:Zip.m Lalayrtte 9 :Z1 a. m
12:lop.m I Ulicriiiau I p.m
2:11 p.m pauns n( p.m
2:.Vp.m Monmouth ll:Z)a.m
SA'.p.m I ar Airlie lv 10:25 a. m
"Commutation tickt'ts at two cenu tier uillo on
aalc at station bavinx amenta.
Conni-ctlon at Mt. AiikH wltn Itages for ana
from Wlliioit Mineral Spring.
Ticket" for any point on this linn for ial at
the Unlteil Carriage and Haiocaxn Trausfer
Company' oOU-tt, ttecoud aul I'lue streets, an J
r. & W. V. Ky.
CHA8. N. SCOTT. Receiver O. Ily, Co. (Ld.)
Line, Portland, Oitkou.
llemember the Orwon Paclflo popular aum-
mer excuraiona to Yaquina. lw rata tioketa
are bow on sale. Rood every Wedneidry and
Baturday from Albany, Corrallia and l'hllo
uiath. HKNKY W. CODDAItO. 8upt O. By. Co. (Id.)
Line, Dundee Junction.
fX..at flfllAU V "IV r'nmar Vlrat anil Pin.
Street. Fortlancf, Oreicon.
THE YAQUINA ROOTE.
OREGON PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Oregon Emlapieat Conpaay's steaasliiD Line.
Ml.ortrr, t Hour-) !.- Time
Thau by any oilier Route.
first-Class TnrouK) FausenKer and
From Portland and all point I" tho Wlllntnell
Valley to and from San Kntucisco, (,'ul.
OREGON PACIFIC RAILROAD.
TIME SCHEDULE, (Except Sundays.)
I,v Albany 1,110 p.m.
I.v Carvallla 1:40 p.m.
Ar Yaquina b:) p.m.
I.v Yaililia n:4.i a.m.
I.f Corvaliis 10 .'li a.m.
Ar Albany 11:10 u.in.
O.i C.tralns connect at Albany and (,'orvallls.
Thu above train counectat Yaiiiim with the
Orexou Development Company's Hue of htcarn
hips between Yaiiinn and San Francisco.
RTKAMEKH. r'soil '. F. rill YqlllNA.
This company reserves the rlht to change
sailing dates without notice.
raniMjuKers from I'ortlniKl and all Wlllamelto
valiev point can mak close connection with
the tiaiiis of the Yaquina roiit at AUiunvor
Corvallia, and if rtusliued to ban KrancWt-o
should arrange, to arrive at Yaquluu the eve
ning before tin: date of sailing.
ru.Heiicr null Freight llHten
Always the Lowest.
For information apply to
C. If. HAHWKJ.L,
Oen'l Kr't Jt Pass. Ant.
Oregon llevel'pm'nl Co
Mi Montgomery St.,
ban fcrauciiico, Cal.
C. C. 1I00HK,
Act'tf (ieu. K. ife 1'. At.
0. 1'. K. K, II. Co.,
Willamette RiYcr Line of Steamers,
The "WM. M. WA(1,' the " N. H. IIUN'l'IA',"
The ''TIIUKE 8WTKR8."
Are In service for both passenger and freight
trolllc lietween Corvallis and 1'ortlRinl and in
termediate points, leaving company's wharf,
Corvallis, Hud Messrs. Iliiiiiiuii & Co.'s wharf,
No. 200 and 'HSl Krout stret, I'ortliinil, Mon
days, Wednesdays and Fridays, making three
round trips each week us follows :
I,enve Corvallis Monday, Wednesday, Friday,
4 a. m,; leav Albany :liO u. in.
Arrive halem, Monday, Wednesday, Friday, 3
p in.; leave Salem, Tuesday, Thursday, batur
Arrive Cortland, Tuesday, Thursday, Satur
day, 8:30 p. in.
teavc Portland, Monday, Wednesday, Friday,
6 a. in.
Arrive Salem, Monday, Wednesday, Friday,
7:1.) p. m.i leave Halejo, Tuesday, Thursday, Sat
urday, li a. di. leavi'iVlliany 1:110 p. m.
Arrive Corvallis Tuwilay, Thursday, Saturday
MUCH THE NEWEST,
Nobbiest and Largest Stock of
In the County, is now to be Seen on tb u i'ur (i
Of Albany, Oregon.
When you want to " tlrcps up," we would lo glad to hIiow you
through and make tho right price."
Merchant Tuiloring a specialty. Mil. E. A. Schkkfleu iH an .expert, and
has charge of this department. We. guarantee KatiHlaetion.
mm: ' 0iT3(3ii;i
. . .
TONSOKI AL PAK LOU.
IV1C13 II All i curr
Call at my Shop on Muin Street.
I aUo hone razor. I have In connection
with tny 1 op, a tine
Where you can get a lift I h at any time.
Ticket, good for One Shave each, eight
I. R. BORUM,
Mala Mtrt, fabanon Oregon.
E. J. M'CAUSTLAND,
CIVIL ENGINEER AND SURVEYOR,
IsrauKlitinc and lllne 1'rlDtn.
Ofllce with Oreifon Land Company, Albany.
RoweraKe Hyatem and Water fiuppliet a apeo
lulty. KaLalea aulHlivldvd. Mapa inaiio or
copied on short, notice
Groceries and Provisions,
TOBACCO & CIGARS,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
llueeiiNware and 4alnMsiwur,
Lamps! and Lamp Flti.ra.
Main Mt., l.-buimii. i'-a;oii.
Ed Kellenberger, Propr.
Freehand Salted Beef and Pork
Bacon and Lard Always on Hand
Main Street, Lebanon, Or,
irinkaanr aava he tiita Mm W. I.. Ikim
filiora w ulioul naiiiB anil prim (.lamped urn
lUm boltuui, nut hlui uuwa M m irauu.
VV. L. DOUGLAS
$3 SHOE GENTLEMEN.
ltoat In th world. Fxnmln his
IS.IMMIKNtilM, HANH-hrM I'.ll hllOE.
4.(KI llM-NK l l WI.I T MIOK.
s.-ijvo I'lii.ici: ami lAintKH' nitOC
i.ftll K XT It A VAI.I'K AI.K HUOfc.
Bi.M HOKKIMiM AN'M MIO.
K.lHIand mi.lf) IIOVH' HCU(H, 8HOES.
All luadu 1" Uuuiiri'M, Iluttuii and Lamp.
W. L. DOUGLAS
S3 SHOE la'dTes.
Ilnat Material. Host Htylo. Reat rtttlnC.
It uut sold by yi.nr ilialrr, wrll
W. L. IM)I tiLAh. HHtlCKTON.
"l",lnilti 'W. I,. ItniitclHN Ut Mlit-ai
for tl-ni)'ii and I nd !.."
For Sale by C. C. Hackieman.
J. M.Keene, D.D. S.
Office: Breyman Bros. Building,
(T Hours from 8 A. M. to 6 P. M.
R. F. ASHBY and CEO DICKINSON,
OK.NKItAt. AUKNTB FOB
Albany, Lynn Co., Oregon.
BuyliiK and Soiling,
And JHi.iiK u Mi(iinl Itul JKntate
LAND 8OLICITE0 FOR SALE.
ASHBY &c iaCKINSON