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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 21, 1888)
(TOVtri KtKKT TR1DHV )
"IL Y. KlHKPATttICK . Publishers
Job Pfictics: Does en stcrt Kstice.
TKEMfi OF SUrlSCRlPNON.
Ou Vaar t3 00
Bi Munuis. ....... 1 '
Tbroa Month .....
t lsW in advanoa.1
Legal Blanks, Business Cards,
Letter Beads, Bill Heads,
Circulars. Fosters, Etc.
Executed in good '.! an at kjwoat V.rtng prices.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
Cm riim. Brut tniwrtton tj JJ
Km aUdi. tonal roaertloo . I W
Local N otters, per l!n '
RcKtilar aiivaitisemenw Inwrlrd ntwn ItWral trnrta.
LEBANON, OREGON, 'FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1888.
- hj P R ESS
USSASmv LitlMlk. NO. 44. A. F. t A. M : Mw
at th.ir naw hull In Mamic Block, op Sat urtlsj
vuUic, on or before th full mwn.
J WASSOJt. W. ft.
TJCBAN'ON LODOK. NO. 47, I. O. O. F.: MW Sat
urday avantnz of aa:h m.k, at Odd K. llw a IU11.
Main (tract: vlaitinf Vrathreo contiilly tnrltad a
attood. J. J. CHAKLToS, H. O.
HONOR LOIXIK NO. SS, A O. IT. V., t,-baom
othpht. Meet avwy ftrrt and thin! ThutwlB even
lg in the month. F. H. RoSOOK. M.V.
A. R. CYRU8 & CO.,
Real Estate, Insurance & Loan
aeneralCoUeettoa and Notary Pnbllr
Business Promptly Attended to.
M. N. KECK.
DESICNER AND SCULPtT.OR.
Honnsnents and Headatonea,
ALL KIXDS OF fKMETEBY WORK
FIXB MOXTCM ENT8 A SPECIALTY.
Opp Rere Houas. ALBANY, ORF.OOS.
A Double Circular Water Power
Near Lebanon, Or.
Capacity about 500i feet psr day. Also, 41
acres of land on which the sawmill
Also ave a large stock of
FIRST QUALITY LUMBER
At lowest market tates tor cash.
. W. WHREIER, Lebanon. Or.
Enlarging from Small Pictures. In
G. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Provisions,
TOBACCO & CIGARS,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
aeenaware and tlHMwar,
JLanaps and Lamp Fixtures.
Main KM., Lbun, Oregon.
ST. JOHN'S HOTEL
JOHN T. DAVIS, Proprietor
Ths table is supplio with the very best the
Nice clean beds, and satisraotion guaranteed
to all guests.
In connection with the above house
Keep a Feed and Sale Stable, and will
accommodate tourists and travelers with
teams, guides and outfits.
. BURKHART .& BILYEU, .
Proprietors of the
Llveir, Sale anil Feett Stables
Southeast Corner of Main and Sherman.
Fine Buggies, Hacks.Har
GOOD RELIABLE HORSES
For parties going to Brownsville, Wra
terloo, Sweet Home, Scio, and all
parts of Linn County.
All kinds of Teaming
DO WE AT
irUTlKHART & BILYEU.
ITEMS OF GENERAL INTEREST.
A Maryland widow named Hallets
et a bear-trap at her s nuke-house
loor, and the futt catch was a man,
vho was courting her. He - had
packed up one hundred pounds of
tncon to carry off.
A little colored girl in Albany, Ga.,
is gradually turniug white, the skin of
her face and aims being now hardU
listingnishHhle in lino from that of a
Oaucasian child. Her hair, too, which
as jet black, hss Income while.
D.nbury, Coun., thinks it ha?
oiuething valuable in the Indian ar
ivw and spear-head qiMrry recently
lieeevered near there. Over one hun
''red heads in perfect preservation
mve Ixen found, and apparently
here are hundreds more.
Geo. F. Knapp, of South Bridgtou,
.Me., is bragging considerably about
ais two-year-old heifer. The htifet
ought to be proud,' any way, for the
ther day she became the mother of
'lme nice c-lvcs two red outs and
me white all of good size, and V
There is a "wonderful brown and
golden bird in Mexico, a spech s of the
ee martin, that is a remarkably ex
.ert bee catcher. He has a way of
milling up the feathers on top of his
nead, so that nis crest liKks ex-ictb-!ike
a beautiful flower. When a bee
nmti along to sip he ney from this
leltisive bh.8om it is snapped up and
A New York business man has a
novel method ef refreshing bis mem
ory. Wheu he has someih'ng im
oortsnt to attend to the next day, he
vrites himself a postal-curd, reminding
iiim of the matter, and, rinding the
ard among the mail the next morn
ing, attends to it the Ert thing.
A man of Grant County, Wiscon--in,
drained off his fith-pond thet ther
'ay, and in the bottom he found foui
silver 'watches and chains and a large
uumber of tilver spoons, knives aud
forks: It is supposed that a burglar,
rinding himself closely pursued, threw
the plunder in the pond to get rid of
Queeu Victoria has now reigned
over England longer than any mon
arch but two Henry III. and Georg
III. She overtook Quetn Elizabeth
;-ix years ago, and has outdone Edward
III., who only reigned 148 days ovtr
naif a century. If she lives a few
years longer Victoria will have reigned
longer than any li.yal per&onxge in
. M id. Victoria, who
over the continent as
woman in the world,"
is known all
and' is some-
timeB spoken of as
the ieniale Her-
cules," is of medium height, with a
eirtiuri r; off-fii. niur xrwl not.hint'
. - - --r- B
herculean-looking alout her. Yet;
-he readily lifts one-thousard- pounds.
Her strergh is wholly the result of
athletic tiaining tince youth. She
lives on very phiin food.
John Leontirdy was fishing with a
sein in the river at Matauzas, Fla., a
few days ago, when an enormous saw
hh rn into the net. The fish etiug
skd fiercely, and cut the net up badly,
but on'y eueceeded in entangling it
stlf in the ineehes more securely, and
was finally captured. It was meas
ured and found to be 13 feet and 1
inch iu length.
Some of the greatest men the world
ever saw were superstitious. Napo
leon Bonaparte was a believer in
omens ; the -great Duke of Welling
ton would not offer bat'le on any day
that he met or saw a yellow dog cross
his path ; Hannibal used to get out ot
his camp-bed backward eo as to insure
good luck for the day, and Frederick
the Great, carried a rabbit's foot to
guard against evil.
A curiosity in Norwich, Conn., is a
oiie-legged English sparrow which has
a nef-t on the crown ot a column in
i lie front porch of 4he City Hall. He
isn't worth much at building a nest,
but he can help a little about hutching
and making himself generally useful
on one leg. His mate had to build the
nest unassisted, but he furni hed hi r
with lively advice, and she seems to
think as much of him as th.ugh he
had two legs.
The old-st merchtnt vessel, with
one exception, now in actu.il service,
is the schooner Good Intent. She
was built by Clapp fc Lorine, in Brain
tree. M assachusetts, in lot J, and was
originally a slop, with tquare stern
and no figurehead ; her length, 48 feet ;
her breadth, 16 feet; her depth, 4i
feet, and her measuse, 29 tons. The
home port of the Gfiod Intent, accord
irg t the list of 1SS6; was Camden,
A prominent engineer says tnat n
will be noticed that most boiler explo
sions come, like black coffee, right
after dinner. The reason for this, as
he explains it, is that the water in the
boilers is in perfect readiness to become
steam, and would be such but for the
pressure of the actual steam on top of
it. When the dinner hour is over and
the men and machines begin to work
again, the valves are quickly opened.
the steam rushes out, and the water
suddenly becomes steam. As steam
has 1,700 times the expansion of water
the effeat is an explosion. , .
PACIFIC COAST HEWS.
NEW BORAX MINE FOUND.
The Sealing: Fleet. Striking- Seamen.
. Lighthouse Contract.. I mini,
ft-rat ton Hoard 1'nitiplilet.
THE LICHT HOUSE CONTRACTS.
Tht Sealing t'le-rt.
The sealing schooner Triumph,
Capt. lan McLean, his arrived at
Victoria, B. C, with 2,5tK) Kkina as the
season's catch. The little vessel looks
trim and neat after her cruise aud
made th? trip down in fifteen days,
clost-retfed all the way. The Triumph
left Victoria on May 5, but did not
sail from the west const uutil the 24th
of May, owing to difficulty in secur
ing Indian hunters. The hunters
comprised eleven Ind'.ans and two
whites, and one of the latter secure!
550 seals of the total catch. Oil
Queen Charlotte islands CG7 seals were
taken. The weather was very severe
during the wlulu time in Behring sea
nud on August 5 the worst gale ever
known occurred there. It was during
this storm that the whaling vet-sels
Several schooners were, spoken he
fore and after going into the sea. The
Mary Ellen on August 2J had 1,U0
seals. While out hunting an Indian
was accidentally killed ly the hunter
in the boat. The lat'er laid his rifle
:cros the th waits, aud it suddenly
disch.irgt d, the shot entering the In
dian's sjdt. He died two hours after
wards and his body was pieserved in
alt and lauded at hi home at Aelia
let. The Maggie Mac on August 7
had 647 skins, and the Favourite on
July 25 had CG4 skins. An Indian
died on this vessel from bl.tck men
sles. The Americau schooner Annie,
of San Francif-co, on "the 23ih ( f July
nad 700 skins. The. Viva, on the 25th
of June, just entering the sea, had a
catch of 400. Her coast catch wa-
750 eking. It is thought that the
schooners will all have fair catches
this year. O.hers of the fleet aie ex
pected to arrive dady.
Coasting seamen are on the verge
of inaugurating another strike, and
freights are going down. Seamen are
demanding 50 for the voyage from
Port Townsend to Sau Francisco. The
schooner Wm. Benton, lumber-laden
for Brisbane, is in trouble with the
union seamen. The crew was slupped
in San Francisco for the round voyage
to Australia at 1-5 er month. The
union agent threatens bloodshed un
less the men are paid $5, more per
month. The revenue cutter is guard
ing the vessel and will probably ac
company her to sea.
I.lKhtlionse Centracli Awarded.
The secretary of the treasury has
awarded the contracts for the con
struction of a lighthouse at Cajn
Meares. Oregon, as follows : Erection
.f tower to C. B. Buhrkocp. Seattle,
W. T., f 2,900; met d-work of tower to
Willamette Iron Woiks, Portland,
Oiegon. 7,800 ; erection of keeper'
dwelling rid 1 1. h ue to Robert Sea
man, Seattle, f 20,000.
The government snag bo it Willam
ette, has leen at work pulling snags
In-tween St. Johns and the Portland
Flouring Mills. The work is none tx
icon and was weeded badly enough.
Let them trot out the dredge aud then
fend the eld su-.ig boat into service
i long the upper Willamette next..
Pennies and I'oatof f Ice..
Pensions have been granted as fol
lows : Washington Territory Origi
r.al invalid, Ira A. Dotv, H-K-kford;
'.crease, Watson Silencer, Seattle
Daniel C. Rfise, Mount Vernon, Ore
gon Increase, Alexander Uurtliwicfc,
Elijah McCalmond has been ai
pointed postmaster at New Dungenecs,
at Clallam county, alynguu tciri-
tory. A new rfli -e has been eslab-
lit-hed at Johnson, In man county,
with Eli2.ibeth . Cooper as post
master. - Tbe Horax mine.
Certain comniercUI circles at
Francisco are much interested in
recent discovery of borax in the
.f Lomrr ranch, Curry county,
T he steamer Jfewebov anchored in the
Bay of Lomar ranch and discharge 1
cargo and took on board the first ship
ment of borate of lime. 1 his borate
of lime is suncrior in quality to any
hitherto discovered, according to the
analysis of Prof. Price. The deposit
is volcanic, the borate occurring in
boulders varying in size up to 2,0tK)
iHiunds weight, imbedded iu volcanic
The area of the deposit has been
determined to be halt a mile in length
and 200 yards in width and thirty feet
in depth. The discovery is considered
if importance to the commercial
world, for the mine is so close to the
coast that a shell can be thrown from
it into the water, so that the expen
sive item of land carriage, which has
handicapped the borax industry of
California and Nevada, as well as oi
Italy, Asia Minor, Chili and Thibet,
io longer stands in the way. Vessels
drawing three fathoms, of water can
go within three hundred yards of low
-The bay, which forms a portion of a
ranch of 1,200 acres, is half a mile In
width, with good anchorage, and is
protected both from the northwest
and southwest. A townsite will be
laid out and a wharf built, and min
ing operations vigorously proceeded
with at once.
JL New Pump.
A new pump lor high, service has
been shipped from .Lockport, New
York, for the Portland Water Works.
The foundations for- it nra all pre
pared in the engine house at the Lin-
coln slret t tf servoir. Ii has a capa
city for a million and a half gdlons
per day, and will lilt the water 32a
feet aliove the bae of city grade'.
which is 55 feet higher than the pres
ent high service resrvoir. For the
present the high service, will be kept
up by direct pressure during the day,
ana water win tie pumpeu into the
reservoir at night. -
I here are numerous demands! for
extension of the water service, aud as
soon as pipe can be had the laying oi
eighteen miW of new nmiua will be
The city is extending in all direc
tions, and water is demanded at the
north end on the heights and at the
south end. Next summarthe c'-ty will
use 10,000,000 gallons per day, and it
will tax the pumps at the woiks to
their utmost capacity to furnish the
npply. The cost of fuel alone next
year will amount to $35,000. There
will be no pump in reserve as there
should lie, and if any accident should
hupiK.ii, the water supply would run
A Collision Avoided.
Tne Umatilla "arrived at Victoria,
B. C, from Sau Francisco aa-J reports
hat while steaming t-lowly through r
fog 100 miles from San Francisco, a
steamer's whistle was heard. The
Umitilla whistled the unseen steamer
to pass to the starboard, but no notice
appeared to be taken by the other
vessvl, and in a few minutes she
crossed the bows of the Umatilla. The
distance between the vtssels was less
than fifty feet. An accident was
avoided by the captain of the Uma-
t'lla r versing the engines when the
whistle w is first heard. The Uma
tilla st -pped, and the capt -tin did
everything to save the vessel. The
vessel was the steam schooner Green
wtoJ.of San Francisco.
Prospecting- for' Rlark. t'od.
H. HelJensoii spent four weeks on
Queen Chailotte islands prospecting
and trading, and exploring for black
cod banks. He succeeded in taking
live or six barrels of black cod, the
finest fish in the Pacific, in two days.
The weather wai very rough, and tbe
fishing was -done in a cuntie, in 250
f. it boms of water. The cod were lo
cated without difficulty, and fish
found to he Tery plentiful. Heldeu
son is of tbe opinion that a good bus
iness can be doue in deep sea fishing.
- Yohiiomi Hirasa and Nobuquosh
Oi, natVes of Japtn, on their way to
Tokio, arrived At San Francisco from
the East. Mr. Hirasa is a high of
ficial in the imperial bureau of agri
culture and commerce at Tokio, and
was educated at an Eugh h college.
Fourteen mouths ago he obtained
leave from the Japanese government
and made a second visit to Europe.
Mr. Oi is a wealthy resident of
Tokio, aud has bten in England for
tbe purpose of obtaining machinery
for the establishment of a cotton mill
in the city of Tkio. The mill will
have 30,000 sphidles if the enter
prise proves successful.
The Oregon board of immigration
i issuing 50,000 copies of a pam
phlet entitled, " Phe New Empire;
Oregon, Washington and Idaho." It
will contain descriptive nialter of the
state and two territoiitts, and will be
enclosed iu a lithographed cover. The
cover will contaiu a pastoral scene on
the first page, a general view of Port
land from Portland Heights, on th
last p:gt aud views of the High
school and St irr block on the inside
The Hous" conference report on the
fortifications appropriation bill has
The bill authorizing the postmaster-
general to purchase improved Mare
locks and keys ba-t beeu passed' by the
A freight train heavily laden dashed
at full speed into a circus train, which
was standing at Corwin station, Ohio.
The cabo we and rear of circm train
was split in two, and four sleejtcrs
ahead were telescoped. rour meu
were killed and eighteen were wounded,
and of these all weie canvass meu, ex
cept Andy Smith, who was a contor
tionist. Smith is mortally wounded,
aud the injuries to the other seventee
wounded are trilling.
Seven Colored Men Killed.
A fearful batllo between whiUs and
blacks took place at Hilliardsvi':le
Ala., in which seven colored men were
killed. The trouble grow out of the
fact that a while man refused to al
low his well to be longer used by a
crowd of camp-meeting negroes. One
of the negroes expressed a determina
tion to have some of the water, and the
white man drew a pistol and shot him
in the neck. that night a gang ot
negroes visited the house and dared
the white man to come out, but he re
fused to do bo, and after shooting holes
in his windows and doors they left.
The next night a gang:, presumably
friends of the white mail, vuiled the
negro camp and left several dead bod
ies as a reminder to other members ol
the camp-meeting crowd.
..The Sprinter Record Itroken.
Schifferstern, the California amateur
sprinter, broke the 100-yard record 1-5
of a second, at St. Louis, Mo., his
time being 9 4-5 seconds. He de
feated Joe Murp"by, the local chain
pion, with a record of 10$, three yards.
An Aged Kleptomaniac. '
John Kaufman, aged about sixty
years, was found dead at Brazil, Ind.,
having died of a brain disorder. He
was an eccentric character, and had
an uncontrollable mania for stealing
women's shoes, though ha was never
acei sa l of stealing anything else. .
tew years ago be was arretted and
forty or fifty pairs of women's shoes
and slippers were recovered. He had
buried them ou the commons, near a
blast furnace. Over t-itty pairs of
women's shots ahd shpiw.-rs were found
in bi-j hut. He w.is a veteiau of the
Mexwaa and civil wars aud will bs
buried with mililaty honors.
Oregon Cereal 1-Jshlblt.
The Oregon cereal exhibit at the
national encampment of the G. A. It.,
at Columbus, Ohio, in charge of Col.
O. E. Duixiis of Portland, is now in
pbice iu a room on the third tl tor of
the First National bank budding.
Thirteen llttildlngs It ur !.
A fire broke out iu a .lore at Uath-
argus, N. Y.f which destroyed thirteen
building-. The loss is large.
Oeath of the oldest f.radnate of
Col. E Iward G. Butler, the oldest
graduate of West Poirt, died at St.
IxjtiU. He was born in Tennessee iu
1790 and admitted to West Point in
1816. He served under Uen. Taylor
in the Mexican war.
National Hlfle Association.
There was a large attendance at the
opening of the animal prize shooting
of the National R:(lj Association at
Creedmore. The Wimbledon cup was
wou by W. M. Merrill of M iss u hu
setts hy a score of 134 with thirtv
shots at 1,000 yards.
Express Train Held I p.
The west-b und express train was
stopjved by three niAsk-nl men at
Parkers, A. T. They did uot get any
ibir g. A reward of $1,500 is ifft-red
for their capture, and Wells, Fargo
will increase the amount.
Kale of an Opera House.
The sale of the Grand Ot-ra House
by tbe heirs of the Davids jn estate l
LottV Crabtree, the actress, was
completed at St. Paul. The price
paid was $ I jO.OOO.
Tlnrdered for !tIoner.
Miss Ada Flynn, a handome and
accomplished young lady, was
mysteriously murdered in her home
near Glasgow, Pi., during the absence
of the rest of the fa mil v. It U sup
posed the deed is that of a rol ber.
Mrs. Fierrepont M gan, of New
York, and friends, while out among
ilia Thousand islands, were thrown
into the water by the capsizing of theii
bout. Sirs. Morgan lost jewtlry valued
PERSONAL AND IMPERSONAL.
Chang Yen Hoon, Chinese Minis
ter at Washington, is famous at home
for his possession of a magnificent pal
ace and extensive gardens, filled with
Bismarck took sixteen drinks, of
whisky while making his recent great
speech.. Beaconsficl-1 used to drink a
bottle or two of champagne before an
important oratorical effort.
rrot W. R. Brooks, of Phelps, N.
Y.. the astrouomer who makes a study
of the son-spots a specialty, has been
elected a fellow of the Royal Astro
nomical Society of England in recogni
tion of his astronomical discoveries.
Charles Stewart Parnell stands six
feet high in .his stockings, and is as
straight as his maternal grandfather,
the famous Admiral Charles Stewart
"Old Ironsides." He is, according to
his latest interviewer, in the full enjoy
ment of good health.
A noted physician requires Ids
shoemaker to keep a pair of shoes made
in advance. As soon us one pair is de
livered another is put in process of
manufacture so that the doctor may
have them when he is ready for them.
He is impatient of delay.
Horace Bushnell Patton, who is a
graduate of Amherst College, has re
cently achieved a great honor In being
made Associate Profe.isor of Mineral
ogy at the University of Heidelberg.
He is a son of the president of Howard
University in Washington.
It is said that, notwithstanding his
enormous wealth, Mackay is haunted
with the fear of the poorhouse. Mean
time Mrs. Mackay makes merry in
London and Paris, and does not appear
to entertain any horrid dreams of
possiblo poverty in the near future.
Mrs. Eliza Garfield was the only
woman who ever saw her son inaugu
rated President of the United States.
Washington's mother was living in
Fredericksburg, Va., when the Father
of his Country was inaugurated, but
she did not witness the ceremony,
which took place in ifew York.
A. Bronson Alcott was in his early
years a sort of transcendental Anar
chist, opposed to government. Taxes
he especially disbelieved in and for .a
time persistently refused to pay any.
He was once imprisoned for non-payment
of taxes, and owed his release to
Mr. Samuel Hoar, father of the present
Senator, who paid them for him.
It is told of the Mayor of Hannibal
that he whipped out his red bandana
the other day and blew a terrible blast .
whereupon an unhitched horse, terrified
at the great -noise, dashed down the
street, ran against an electric light
tower one hundred feet high, toppling
it to the ground, and then into a coal
wagon, from which it was rescued un
harmed. Mazzantinl, the noted Spanish bull
fighter, now in Mexico, is a man of
fine education, having been graduated
with honors a few years ago from a
college in Rome. He was for a time
the private secretary of one of the con
fidential advisers of King Amadous of
Spain. He is a first-class telegraph
operator, who was successful as a rail
road man, is a good singer, and has no
rival as the best bull fighter in the
world and yet ha is only twenty-eight
va.ra aid.. -
Dkotki to this iNTKitbSTsor Farmers
A man near B ingor, Me., trying
the experiment of grafting pple twigs
ihtQ a pine tree, lie wants to raise
Florida promises to become a large
producer of opium. Sixteen plants
will produce an ouiife, and an acre of
toppi8 will yield $1,000 worth of
The whole value of fences in the
United Stales may be set down at
$2.(H)0,OIA000, and its costs $100,000,-
0(X) annually to keep them iu repair.
Crit radishes are thr-se that grow
rapidly. They should have rich, (inr
soil, free from stones or gravel, and
f he rows should be kept clean. Use
Ihem at any time after they have be
come large enough, for. the lofTger
l liey sliall remain in the ground the
h-ss desirable, will they be, as they
neeonie tough w:tu age.
To prevent birds, mice or squirrtl
from pulling up seed corn uutil it
sliJill have become warm ; then stir in
little pine tar until every grain shall
I coau 1. Now mix pl.isier, ashes or
fine earth to dry off the corn. It will
thus lie in a condition to be pUnted
by machine or baud.
It i cliimed thtt the presence of
the castor od br.nn il.tnts around the
House will -pn vent mosquitoes from
ecoming very numerous. As the
plant m.ikas a beautiful ornament i.
Wuiild not be out of place, and might
therefore lie given a trid with advan
tage. It is doubtful, however, it
there be any plants that, will keep
away the pests.
According to an English authority,
lie world consumes annually 650RJO
pound of cofTe, which, at an aver
s'ge price of $401), represents a value of
2"i,rt),000. Jamaica grows tht
tes: c fine j next in order come Cey
1 hi and East India, Java, Brazil, Costa
It'ca anil the other Ceutral Americau
SUUs. Java pro luces the largest crop.
The American Cultivator recom-inend-i
a mixture of hydraulic cement
Mid skim-milk for painting farn
buildings and fences. The cement is
I laced in a bucket, and sweet ?kim-
nilk stirred in until the mixture is oi
i h" consistency of cream. The pro
portious are about or.e quart of tern
' nt to a gUon of milk. Color may
t-e adJed if desired. This paint is
cheap and durable.
The Massachusetts Ploughman says
the reason that so many raspberry and
laikierry fields get full of grass "is be
ta use they are neglected during Aa
c,ut and September, and, in fact, dur
ing the whole autumn, so when spring
"pens I lie grass has full possession;
but even when thus neglected, if the
ainu r will commence hoeing as soon
the frost leaves the ground, it is uot
i very ddlL-uH j b to clear out all ol
tbe grass. ".-
As a pasture forTcows no pl-nt
jieMe swetter, richer herbage than
whi'e clover. Though ib? hbit of
growth is very el se to the ground.it
yield nioie pasture than would bt
!-upiosed'. If not allowed to blossom
long enough for seed to-form, the new
tiei tinge springs up quickly after crop
ping. Its roots are near. the surface,
an 1 arf easily reached by. light rains.
i'Ut ow ing to their spreuding habit the
toots are not injured by cattle tramps
ingover .hem, as are those of red
That the plantain is a nuisance i
rertiiin, but it is scarcely unmitigateo
t xcepl in the sense that wlleie it hits
once g lined poBession it can never be
entiiely eradicates!. Tbe common
plantain has al lit two-thirds" the
feeding value of common hay, rank
ing higher than most other 'weeds in
this reect. Cattle will eat in pas
tureorinbay without - being starved
lo it, ms they have to be with the daisy.
The large, vigorous plantain', that
grow in rich ground, seem to be eaten
nlcie greedily by cows than the puny
specimens dwarfed by poverty of soil.
Fur too few Lima be ins are grown.
In their dried state they are suj-erior
for cooking, and would be more largely
Used for lhat purpose, did not their
usual high price prevent. The Lima
tean nquiies poling, but it is unneces
sary to iimke the pedes longer than six
foot out of the ground. When the
vine get to this height, stop its
growth and turn all its strength into
triiitfiUlntss. When raised on a very
large i-c. lo the Limasare grown come
tiints without pubs, the vines trailing
on the ground. 1 bis is a slovenly
practice, but. a good many beans may
be thus cheaply grown.
-A sass'ety paper ih-scriues "nil old
maid' pctiio whero no men were al
lowed.'' Weren't "allowed?" By all
the shoulder blades and clbo'.v. in Jtftis
land, you couldn'tjhavc ltrcd them to at
tend sneb a p cnic. Now, bad it been a
ii'tru; maids' p'erjle . where no men
.ere albiwed but psliaw. what a waste
of time to talk about something that
never happened! Burdctle.
Where did you get that beaut'ful
rolor, Cc;'1t, dear?" was the greeting
of Iter friend as sh dropped n for a
morning call. WhyT don't you'know?
I've jnst come home from tin: sea:de.
It wa del:g!itful." -Seaside? Why.
yon must lorget, You said yon were
going to the mountains." "Did I? O,
well, it was the'mountams, after all. I
eo so much I get confusod. you. know,
loar." N. B. The color was the re
sult of d two weeks' course of backyard
unlaths. Uoxlon Bulletin.
Edith Thomas, the poef, is very
generous in distributing her poetic
favors among her friends, writing to
them directly, and without thought of
publication', some of her choicest lines.
They contemplate gathering up some
of these waLfa and haying tksm pub
IIemabi.e Quotations Cabefci.lt j:
YitjfcD Evert Vi'fjjk.
WHEAT -MW, $1 303fl 31
Walla Walla, $1 20 I 22
BARLEY Whole," ?1 10f 121
ground, per km, '"i25 "0027 50.
OATS Milling, S6(?38c. ; feed, 4-J
HAY Baled, $K't13.
SEED Blue Grass, 14.alfx:. ; Tim
othy, 9J10c; Red Clover, li15c.
FLOUR Patent Roller, - $4 00;
Country Brand, $3 75.
EGGS Per dozt23
BUTTER Fancy roll,' per pound
25c.; pickled, 20 25c; initri.
grade, 15ii2aj. -
CHEESE Eastern, 1620c; Ore
gon, 14 lGc; California, 14ic.
' VEGETABLES Beets,' per sack
f I 50 ; cabbage, tier lb., 2 jc ; carrots
pertk.,$l 25; Jetlrjce, j-r doz. 0c,
ouioi.h, 1 CO; potatoes, per 100 11.
40S5GV.; radishes, per doz., 1520c:
rhubarb, per lb., Ge.
HONEY In comb, per IK, 18c.
-trained, 5 gaL tins, per lb. 8Jc.
POULTRY Chickens, per doz.
$4 00(3,0 00; duck, per doz., $6 00(3
7 00; geese, $G 008 00; turkeys
per lb., 12 Je.
PROVISIONS Oregon haws, 12
per lb.; Eastern, I3134c.; Easten
breakfast bacon, 12 Jv. per lb. ; Oregoi.
10l2c; Eastern lard, lCHic. pe
Ib.J Oregon, 10c
GREEN FRUITS Apples, $ fjfj
85c; Sicily lemons. $6 00g,6 5
California, $3 505 00 ; Nivalorange
6 00; Riverside, $4 00; Mediterr
nean", $4 25.
DRIED FRUITS Sun dried ap
pies, 7 Jo. per lb. ; machine dried, 10(3
lie; pit less plums, 13c,; lUliai
prunes, I014c; peaches, 12il4c:
raisins, $2 40ti2 50.
; WOOL Valley, I718c;
HIDES Dry beef bides, 8(310.:.;
culls, 67; kip and calf, 8(4l0c;
Murrain, 10 (3,12c; tallow, 3(g3e.
LUMBER Rough, per M, $10 00:
edged, per M, $12 00; T. and G
sheathing, per M, $13 00 ; No. 2 floor
ing. per M, 118 00; No. 2 ceiling, pei
M,$18 00; No. 2 rustic, per M, $13 00,
clear rough, per M, $20 00 ; clear P. 4
S, per M, $22 50; No. 1 flooring, pet
M, $22 50; No. 1 ceiling, per M
f 22 60; No. 1 rustic, per M, $22 50:
stepping, per it, $25 00; over 12
inches wide, extra, $1 00; lengths 40
to 50, extra, $2 00; lengths 50 to 60
xtra, $4 00; 14, lath, per M, $2 25:
14 lath, per M, $2 50.
BEANS Quote small whites, $4 50;
pinks, $3; bayo, $3; butter, $4 oO;
Limas, $4 50 per cental.
COFFEE Quote Salvador, 17c;
Coeta Rica, 1820c ; Ri IS 20c. ;
Java, 27 Jc. ; Arbuckle's's roasted, 22c.
MEAT Beef, wholesale, 2J$c:
dressed, 60. ; sheep, 3o ; dre-sed, 6c. ;
hogs, dressed, 89c; veal, 5 7c.
SALT Liverpool grades ot fine
quoted $18, f 19 and if 20 for tbe Hire
sizes; stock salt, $10.
PICKLES Kegs quoted steady ai
SUGAR Prices for barrels; Goldei
C,6Jc. ; extra C, 6. ; dry granulated,
7c; crushed, fiae crushed, cube am.
lowdered, 7o. ; extra C, 6c.; halve
and boxes, c higher.
for i ie t-oii veaieuce ot houso
keepors a s.vd or flatiron has been in
vented which makes use of the princi
ple of expansion of metals by heat to
ring a small bell when the iron is hot
enough to iron clothes with.
Deer are seen nearly every day-in
the vicinity of Bangor. Me., and seem
to be gaining confidence in man. A
fine specimen was seen grazing in a
pasture a few days ago by a man driv
ing past, and the animal did not leave
at his approach.
Expert riders say there is really
no "lady's horse." as any good bore
is as much suited to a skillful female
rider as to a man. Certain 'kinds of
horses are best .suited to certain kinds
of riders, men or women, that is all.
A gastronomic novelty at a recent
dinner given by a member of a hunting
club was a young fox standing among
high grasses. The fox was formed of
turkey boned and jellies, the shading
of the animal being done by the darker
meat, and the high grasses were com
posed of the .different kinds of salads.
A Pittsburgh man said that a cer
tain woman was "sourer than vinegar,
and it cost him two hundred and fifty
dollars to settle the case. The widow
didn't feel hurt at all. but she said
she'd be doggoned if she could have
English as she is spoke abused after
In England there Is just space
enough between the edge of the rail
road station platform and the foot
boards of the passenger cars to let an
unwary traveler fall between and be
ground to pieces by the moving train.
An accident or two has happened, and
an agitation has bejmn in favor of re
form in either the fewtboards or the
platforms. "In America," the reform
ers urge, "such an accident could not
A careless . or kw -iiker should
never be tolerated on the "flairy farm.
While the cow relaxes toe muscles of
her uddef to "give down" the milk, the
bag should be relieved as rapidly a-e
possible. If the milking is prolonged
the cow will hold up her, milk, simply
because she istired of tbe otlier posi
tion. Some of the milk will not then
be secured, and remaining in the ud-
der, will have its wejl understood ef
fect of making the ccw go dry. A
cow always milked rapidly will give
more and maintain the milk flow
longer than if subjected to. the op
Oaorg-o Kaiau Explavtns Why Bosstaos
Do Not Kmla-rmt.
I have been asked many times by
friends in America why intelligent and
liberty-loving Russians do not get out
of such a country. Many answers
might tje given to this question, but
perhaps the most comprehensive and
cogent of them will be found in Sec
tions S 25-5 23 of the Russian penal code,
which are as follows; ,
Section 325. Whoever leaves the
fatherland and enters the service of a
foreign Government without permis
sion of his own Government, or be
comes a subject of a foreign power,
such person, . for violation of h!s al
legiance and his oath shall be deprived
of all civil rights and expelled from
the limits of the empire forever. If
he returns, he shall be exiled to Si
beria for life. -
Secttom "S2& Whoever leaves the
fatherland and does not return at the
summons of the Government shall for
this disobedience be deprived of all
civil rights, and expelled from the lim
its of the empire forever unless, with-'
in a period to be fixed at the discre
tion of a court, he shows that his dis
obedience was due to eanses which
were beyond his control, or which mit
igate his guilt. Until he shall make
such proof, he shall be regarded as 1
missing, and his property shall be con
trolled by the bureau of guardianship.
- Section 327. Any person who, with
out permission of the Government and
without adequate reason, lives abroad
beyond the period fixed by law -for per
sons of his station shall also be regard
ed as missing (literally, "absent with
out news,") and bis property shall bs
taken in charge by the bureau pi guar
. Section 828- Any person who per
suades a subject of the empire to emi- .
grate to another country shall be pun
ished with penal servitude in a con
vict company for not less than twelve
nor more than eighteen months, or be
banished to Siberia for life.
Under one cf the above-quoted sec
tions (826) Turgenief, while living in
Paris in 18C3, was summoned to St.
Fstersbarg to answer before the Di
recting Senate for something that bt
had writ-ten or said. One can see from
his letters to a friend, P. T. Annenkoff,
how humiliating and , exasperating
obedience was to him, bnt he obeyed.
The Government does not recognize
the right ef its subjects to go abroad
or to live abroad without its permis
sion; and if, therefore, a Russian takes
refuge from oppressioa iu a . freer
country, he must face the prospect of
expatriate n. outlawry, the loss of all
the property left behind him, and exile
to Siberia if he ever returns." Few
people are - willing to separate them
selves for life in this way from
friends, relatives, home, eountry and
all that a man. naturally holds dear.
What alternative, then, is left to the
oppressed whea oppression becomes
intolerable? They must either submit
or fight; and if they are not willing to
submit and are not able, under the
provisions of this eode. to oppose
tyranny bj peaceful collective action,
they will inevitably resort to violence
and fight, singly or in small groups, as
they are now fight in?, until they go to
Siberia in leg-fetters or perish on the
scaffold. George Kennar in Ctnlury.
WOMEN AND MARRIAGE.
Old Iileas That Can No Laajar
In almost-all the recent attempts to
explain the unpopularity pf marriage
it seems to have been taken for granted
that women's feelings with regard to
it are uniform.' It is certainly not
true, however, that all women are
waiting with "bated breath and wh"- -pering
humbleness" for an advanta
geous offer of marriage. The feelings
of women are Changing, and the old
ideas as 'to women and their social
functions cn no longer be takes for
granted. .Woman is now a worker
and a tbinktr. and marriage for edn
cated women is only one of many pos
sible oionpations; and educated wom
en may be excused if" they regard it
the least desirable ef them. A woman
who becomes a teacher, who en ters
one of the professions, or takes a com
mercial position lives a life of dignity
and freedom. In politics, in litera
ture, in science, in art and in social
Intercourse she has .a thousand oppor
tunities of distinction and' pleasure
which would be denied her if she be
came a mother. She is - net at the
mercy of a titan's moods and humors.
She is not a aurse and a drudge, but
for all practical purposes-a man
and a citizen. She mixes freely with
men; she profits by their conversa
tion; she joins hem in their enjoy
ment, and she' co-operates -with them
in their social duties. Her life
is a life of freedom, variety, energy
and resource. Her character becomes
strengthened by the demands upon
her; her intellect Is enlarged by the
problems she is called upon to solve;
and as new and more important duties
devolve upon her she is qualified to ac--cept
them with courage and discharge
them with skilL In a word, the edu
cated women of to-day prefer freedom
and the friendship of men to-the prac
tical slavery of the marriage bond,
and In proportion as other careers are
opened up to them it may be safely
said that the attractions of marriage
will still further decrease. Philadel
phia Pres. ..
during forty years S 200,000,000
hay- been expended by members of the
Church of England in building and re
The Presbyterians of Paris have
bought for $30,000 the church in which
the American Episcopalians have hith
erto worshipped." Their congregation"
is made up otEnglish, Scotch, Irish and
American Presbyterians. .
Philadelphia is justly entitled to tha
prond distinction of being the leading
city in the United States for Sunday-
t school work. There are in that city 555
Suijday-schools, with 155,343 scnolara
and 15,863 teachers, constituting in ail
nearly one-fifth of the populatkn.
At a recent meeting of the Board of
Managers of the Evangelical Alliance
of the United State Rev. Dr. James
King was made Honorary Secretary,
the office formerly held by the late Dr.
Samuel Irena-us Prime. Dr. Sang has
been for some time a member ot the
Board of Managers. JV. Y. Tribune.