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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 24, 1888)
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LEBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 24, 1888.
THE . LEBANON EXPRESS.
LEBANON LODOE. NO 44. A. F. B A. f : MU
at taetr new ball in Maeonle Block, on Saturday
.ln. on or befor. tb. full moon
1KB ANON LODGE, JTO. 47. I. O. O. F.: Meets Sat
urday evautn; of sa-h wri. at Odd Fello s Hall,
Min itmt; vlituui kr.thrtu cot dialljr Invited to
attend. J. J. CHARLTON, H. tl.
HONOR LortfJK N. M. A. O. II. W., Lebanea.
Oregon: Mwu .very sm ana uimi xnuroasy sree
inf. in tb. montn.
F. H. ROSCOK M.
A. R. CYRUS & CO.,
Real Estate, Insurance & Loan
Ceneral Collection and Notary Fabllr
Bulnett Promptly Atteudrd to.
M. N. KECK.
DESICNER AND SCULPTOR.
Monuments and Headstones,
ALL KISDS OF ( E51KTF.11 WORK
FINE MONTMENTS A 8PKOIALTY.
Opp R Ten House,
St. Charles Hotel.
Cum.r Main and Sherman Btrests, if. Block
Kant oi R R- Depot.
T. C. PEEBLER & CO. Prop.
Tables Supplied with the Best the Market
and tb. Beat AnoommoSatlana
GENERAL STAGE OFFICE.
Eularging from Small Pictures. In
Groceries and Provisions,
TOBACCO & CIGARS.
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
ttaeensware and ilware.
Lamps and Lamp Vixtares.
' Main Jl., Lebanon. Oregon.
ST. JOHN'S HOTEL
JOHN T. DAVIS, Proprietor
The table ia supplies with the very beat the
Nice elean bed, and satisfaction guaranteed
to all guests.
In connection with the above house
Keeps a Feed and Sale Stable, and will
accommodate tourists and travelers with
teams, guides and outfits.
BURKHART & BILYEU,
Prop -ietors of the
Livery, Sale mi Feci StaMes
Southeast Corner of Main and Sherman.
Fine Buggies, Hacks,Har-
GOOD RELIABLE HORSES
For parties going to Brownsville, Wa
terloo, Sweet Home, Scio, and all
parts of Linn County.
All kinds of Teaming
BURKHART & BILYEU.
Bald to Bo the Ureat
Man tat Aetlrlty.
There ia almost na limit to what yon
can teach yourself, if you only try long
enough. Time must always be given
to the bruin, and on this erndition
patient perseverance will carry a
student to almost any goal. Hurrying
the brains of a child is to foree a false
pace except with the obviously lazy;
but the bugbear of overpressure need
not be feared so long as the principles
controlling the health of the body gen
erally are observed. Overpressure
often means under feeding. Sleep is
the rest of the brain, its great rest. A
variation in work, a change of subject,
is another kind of rest, the best work
often for the higher or intellectual
centers; and an immense amount of
mental labor can be safely undertaken,
if sufficient variety is secured. But in
the end the brain demands sleep, and
this is especially the case when the
ower or more animal ceuters have been
much used, as in children at play,
rlabit has a good deal to do with instil
ing a good night's rest, the habit of
going to bed at a regular hour. Hard
mental work up to the moment of re
tiring may cause the loss of a night's
rest, and it is a good plan to indulge in
a little relaxation before bed time, like
a piece of light literature, a game or
some music. Trivial things may win
slumber, such as lowering the pillow
or turning the cold side; but artificial
means of distracting thought have
nearly invariably proved totally useless.
Children require more sleep than
frown people. A healthy baby for the
first two months or so spends most of
Its time asleep. After that a baby
should have at least two hours of sleep
in the forenoon and one hour in the
afternoon: and it is quite possible to
teach almost any infant to adopt this
as a regular habit. Even to the age
of four or five years a child should
have one hour of sleep, or at least rest
in bed, before its dinner; and it should
be put to bed at six or seven in the
evening, and leftundisurbed for twelve
or fourteen hours. Up to the fifteenth
year most young people require ten
hours, and to the twentieth year nine
hours. After that age every one finds
out how much he or she requires,
though as a general rule at least six to
.ight hours are necessary. Eight hours'
sleep will prevent more nervous de
rangements in womeu than any medi
cine can cure. During growth there
must be ample sleep, if the brain is to
develop to its full extent; and the more
nervous, excitable, or precocious a
hild is, the longer sleep it should get.
if its intellectual progress is not to
come to a premature stand-still, or its
life be cut short at an early age. The
period of full maturity with its maxi
mum of mental activity is the period
of minimum demand for sleep; but old
age reverts to the habits of childhood,
aud passes much of its time in slumber.
I C. F. Pollock, M. D.. F. R. S. E., iu
THE PAINS OF FEAR.
Arcri-Knemy of Troth, of Happiness
and of Sneers.
It would be an interesting bit of
statistics, could it be drawn up, which
should show many poor creatures hav
died of an epidemic and how many '
fright, giving themselves the disease
through fear of taking it Is there no?
an Eastern apologue which tells how
the Angel of Pestilence was questionet:
as to the ten thousand victims he hat'
slain? And did he not answer: 'Nay.
Lord, I took but a tnotiscnd; the i-s.'
were slain by my friend Panic?" How
:siany, too. have sunk into the dee
.vuters of the black river and beet
floated on to the ocean of eternity foi
very paralysis of hope when the evi
hour was upon them and they had jus?
wetted their feet on the brink! Thex
could, and they would, have stepped
back to the solid shore; but they had
no courage to make the attempt, n
energy to strike out to the land. The
waters closed over their bowed head.
and they sobbeil away their breath in
the very supineness of teiror, the vcry
lethargy of hopeless fear. Death is
like every thing else a foe to be
fought, a wild beast to be kept at bay.
They who contend with the most spirit
live the greater number of days. The
will to live and the determination noi
to die make the most efficacious anti
dote against the poison of the "lethal
dart." The hopelessness of fear i
that poison itself. So is it with the
torment of fear during a financial
crisis. There are men and women.
too, God bless them! who, when th
wolf prowls round the house door, open
that door xvide, issue boldly forth, and
do battle with the hungry beast of
poverty with any weapon that lies
handy. And these alxx-ays
succeed in the long run. The pluck
that braves danger and the
energy that overcomes difficulties are
tie two pots of gold on which the rain
bow rests. But the hysterical despair
which folds its hands and weeps when
a crash comes and the wolf howls near
and ever nearer, which takes to bed
with the fex'er born of anxiety, xvith
the softened fiber, the paralyzed nerves,
also borne of anxiety what can you
do with it? What can you say of it?
Fear and Hope there they
stand, the two presiding de
ities over men's minds, formid
able as Apollyon when he met,
assaulted. and sought to de
stroy Christian; to the optimist Fear
sinks into a dusky shadow of non
terrifying aspect, while Hope
sings like a lark and shines like a
.-tar above his head. The pessimist,
standing stock-still in his own past,
sees naught but evil in every change
of public feeling or private custom that
lias taken place since Piancus was
'lis counsel; the optimist forgets
himself and looks both be
fore and after, and before be
cause he looks after. He sees where
humanity stands to-day, and where it
Flood when the paleolithic man chipped
his flints and learned to keep himself
npright He contrasts the times of the
great Pharaoh, when slaves were held)
as machines, and not treated with so
much humanity as we treat our beast
of burden, and says: "The term has
not been reached. What has been, will
be, and those dead selves ever lie as
stepping stones for higher things."
The pessimist gives up all as lost when
society seeks to readjust old conditions
in accordance with new develop
incuts, lie sees a reign of
terror in every association of discon
tented have-nots, planning how to lift
themselves into the charmed circle til
haves. Maddened with terror he calls
aloud for staves and grapcsliop as the
best quietuses he knows; and whe'i the
optimist says, "Let be; let the discon
tented speak out and the wounded
show their hurts," he accuses him of
complicity with treason or of Llittd-
ness to danger, and predicts the armed
and bloody revolution as a certainty
like to-morrow's sun. Whenever fear
reigns, just judgment abdicates, No
eyes see straight looking through these
distorted lenses; and no rose is red, no
grass is green, when viewed through
smoked glass, which shears his very
rays from off the sun. We may be sure
of this: fear is the arch-enemy or truth,
of happiness, of success. It is the ling
ering inheritance of the jungle and
the plain, of savagery and social chaos,
before law was evolved out of tin
dawning consciousness of justice, and
the world was given up to tyranny of
might. Fear !.- not the attribute of a
free man nor of a philosopher; it be
longs to the slave and the child, the
weakling who is forced to confess his
impotence in the presence of superior
strength, and who has naught but
craven submission to oppose to brutal
ity. "While we live let us live." says
the old Latin proverb. Good. Hut wc
do not live while we fear. We exist in
a state of constant deliquescence: ami
when our heart fails us and our knees
smite together wu are practically onlj
half alive, and by iiiir own cowardice
turn danger into death and fear into
destruction. A. Lynn Linton, in Fo-
INTEGRITY IN TRADE.
(tow to IJailit Vp a liiiod Credit and a Clean
One can not fail to be surprised in
looking over the mercantile ratings of
raders in any community, at the low
credit standard of some men xvho seem
to possess sufficient capital to entitle
them to a high credit. The occasion
for this apparent error arises frequent
ly, if not generally, from the reputa
tion of a lack of high mercantile in
tegrity. The method of keepiu;
records in this particular keeps alix-i-shortcomings,
whether of recent dat.
or long standing. It is often a sur
prise to the individual that lack of con
fidence is expressed on the part o
business men, when there is appar
ently no reason for it. The important-
to young men starting in business o
establishing and maintaining a repu
tation for strict integrity in ever;
transaction can hardly be overstated.
Ilcliability is one of the best re com
mendations for credit, for once it In
comes known that a man possesses tli
moral courage to face any contingent
that may arise in his business expert
nee, is prompt in the fulfillment
cx-ery engagement, whether Ian?
or small, and scorns eqnivoc.i
'ion or misrepresentation, hi
etvdit is established Reliabilit
s a virtue that is never overlooked. 1
implies strict adherence to "e truth it
e-ery instance. Credit is r'estroyet"
frequently by failure to carry out smal
engagements. Failure to Lep sn ap
pointment excites distrust quit as cer
tainly as lax business habits in othe.
regards. The young man who i-
'tuown to be prompt soon finds him
self enjoying the confidence of th
community in which he lives. A rigiii
rule leads to good business habits, a
surely as indifference tends to make n
;oor business man. Observation
teac'ies that strict integrity is a firm
basis for credit. It prevents over
trading and over-reaching in every
.vay and inspires confidence. The
uabit of taking small advantages soon
'ecomes fixed and blunts this moral
sensibilities. From small meannesses
t is but a step to downright dishonesty.
The man who would enjoy a Ingli
redit, and who seeks advancement in
business, will most surely further his
i-hancesfor success by patterning after
those who have gained honor, distinc
tion and wealth through strict adher
ence to the right in all their dealings.
Shoe and Leather Review.
In the baby room of one of the
Denx-er public schools, a number of
the children xvere talking of tobacco,
and pretty generally condemn' : it
use. One boy differed. "My lather
uses it," he said; "I don't a pose I
shall while I'm a boy, but when I get
to be a man, I shall use it, too." Thi-
was bold opposition to the tenor and
teaching of the room, but nobody spoke
till a xx-.ee little woman said xvith spirit,
"Well, then, when I get to beaxvoman
you needn't come to see me! I'll tire
vou out!" Denver Challenge.
Manhood in Criminals.
Speaking of his experience xvith crim
inals. Judge Greshatn says: My experi
ence with criminals, when I xvas on :i
district bench, taught me that then
was no man devoid of manhood. Plae.
anybody, hoxvever depraved, on hi
manhood, aud you xvill observe his eye
brighten up. I have taken men xvho
have been convicted of serious offenses
and after sentencing them to the pen:
tentiary, have said: "oxx', I intend b
place you on your manhood, for I be
liex e you haxe manhood in you. I xvil'.
give you a mittimus, and tiie marshal
will provide you with money to go
home and bid your family good-bye
Aiter you have stayed there a day or
two I want you to report at the door of
.lie penitentiary named in the papers
you will receive, and serve out your
sentence like a man. And when jou
are through I want you to return to me.
and I want to see what can be done to
restore you to the confidence of your
fellow -men In society." I never was
lisappointed in a man I thus trusted,
and thase convicts whom I have helped
.n their return from prison have
always been faithful to the trusts im
posed upon them. Chicago Journal.
, m .
At an agricultural meeting the
other day "the best way to keep girls
on the farm" was discussed. No con
clusion was reached, but we think a
barbed wire fence six feet high, minus
gates, surrounding the farm would
solve the problem. A boy takes his
life in his hands when he attempts to
crawl over or under or through a
barbed wire fence, and he doesn't wear
i s bustle. eithn.Norristown Htrald.
Important Fart Rp.ealed by a Witness In
a Kentucky ( oort
In a Kentucky court Lawyer (to
witness) Where were you when the
defendant knocked the plaintiff doxvnP
Witness On my boss.
Lawyer Where was you horse?
Witness In the big road.
Lawyer You were on your horse?
Witness That's whut 1 said.
"And your horse was in the big
"That's whut I 'loxved."
"Ah. hah. What time xvns it?"
"Ah. hah. You were on your liorse?"
In ohe big road?"
"On your horse In the big road
xx hen the defendant knocked the plain
"The plaintiff down?"
"On vuiir horse?"
In the big road?"
"Well, where was the plaintiff when
he xvas knocked down?"
On the ground."
"On the ground when he had bees
"On your horse?"
"In the big road?"
-Well, how far is it from the road to
"From the big road? "
The b'.g road where you were on
"So the plaintiff was on the ground?''
"When he was knocked down?"
In the big road?'
Well, vou mav ifo home. We have
no rurther use t.r you.
He had ridden a blind horse thirty
six mile to deliver this testimony.
Arktmsa o Traveler.
MIND YOUR BUSINESS.
Itob Kurilrttn Trlla How One May Urow
llpnithy. Wealthy anit Wise.
"DiliLreiit in his business!" It is the
man who is diligent in his oxvn busl
nesa to w bom this exalted position is
promised. There are people, dearly
beloved, who are diligent in everv
body else's business, and have, there
fore, no time to attend to their own.
They do not stand before kings; Uiev
more frequently stand before the po
lice judge. J heir diligence is not com
memlabl . A workman is known bv
bis chips; so, alas! is the faro banker.
Di you be diligent in your own busi
ness and be content xvith Its rewards.
You may not walk so many miles in
six davs as Fitzgerald, but von can
sleep a great deal more in that time,
and if you do not get so mm h money
for it, neither do you get so many blis
ters. On your little salary at the sus
pender counter, you can not clean up
0.0"0 on Wall street this week. But
then neither can you be cleaned out of
$40,0U0 next week. You may
if b able to set the fashions
ia male attire, but you taufill
yotir soul xvith nameless joy and an ex
altation of celestial birth, and climb to
the top cf high Oiympus, and lean
back and j i'e your feet on the sofa,
and make yourself easy xvith the im
taortal gods, by paying your landlady
every Saturday and keeping even with
vmir tailor. You may never be the
Washington co-respondent of a society
paper, but then your hair wou't turn
white in the agonized effort to explain
xx hat it is about a Senator's wife, who
has red hair, freckles, no upper teeth,
a hair wart on her .nose, and a twang
in her shrill voice that "makes her so
bexvitchingly beautiful and universally
admired." Just be diligent in Tour
business, and xvait in patience for the
rexvard of your diligence. It may be a
little slow in coming. The mills of
the gods grind slowly, so does a hand
organ on the "Last Rose of Summer"
stop, but it always gets there. And
don't pay more for the rexvard than
the reward's worth. A man xvho lives
on txventy-niiie cents a day will lie apt
to die wealthy, but he won't die very
fat It is the liberal soul that shall be
made tat. Burdette, in Denver Repub
Sam's Saving Clause.
Jim Webster anil Sam Johnsing,
two colored citizens of Austin, do not
like each other, hence Jim was some
what surprised on Sunday when Sam
approached h'm and said, with the
blandest of smiles:
"Same to you, Sam. De wedder am
puffectly superfluous dis maxvnin."
"Had any luck, lately, playln'
"Not ter m e ik erbout"
"1 xvish you mout win a cl'ar ruill-
3"un dollars," said Sam.
"Thankee, Sam! Much obleeged ter
yer fer yer kindness."
"les, replied Sam, and a dark
frown passed over his face; "1 hopes
you may xvin a millyun dollars, and hab
ter spend de last cent ob hit ter de
doctors and fer medicines from de
druggery phop." 7'exas Silings.
An East Indian soientifio journal
says that fibers of bamboo, China, grass
and pineapple, after proper treatment,
can be spun so fine that an expert
could hardly distinguish the product
from silk. Large quantities of cloth
woven from China grass and bamboi
are brought into the Rangoon markets
by China aieu and Bhamo, and although
the material is not manufactured by
modern looms, tho quality is so line a
to resemble tussore silk.
The total number of coke ovens in
the United States up to the time when
last noted was 22,697; building, 4,154.
The production of coie for 1888 was
6,845,369 tons, costing at oven $1.63
per ton. Six years ago there were only
14,119 ovens, and the cost at ovens
was then $1.88 per ton. Pennsylvania
has produced seventy-nine per dent ol
all the coke made in the United States.
The consumption of coal for 1886 was
10,688.972 tons. New coke works are
still being .proiscted.
SE HONEY ANTS.
They Store Away Their Accumula
tion, or the Hwaat Ma d.
The honey ant is a small, red insect.
extremely demonstrative and active.
aud found particularly in Texas and
Mexico, and In considerable numbers
in Colorado. Their nests are promi
nent mounds in sot in cases, and again
are low heaps spread over au area of
twenty or thlity square feet forming
a community. As a rule thev are noc
turnal, working at night, though 1 have
seen them at work in the bright sun
light at three o'clock in the afternoon,
and marching in line perhaps seven
feet wide and forty feet In length to a
Cottonwood tree, up which they passed
long and slender, coming down larger
and full of a pure white liquid. It
would strike even a casual observer as
curious that these ants were carrying
home a liquid that could hardly be
stored axvay. ants not having, as a
rule, store-houses for liquid provisions;
but the honey ant overcomes this diffi
culty in a decidedly novel manner.
Certain of the ants, either by atrree-
ment or selection, are utilized as re
ceptacles for the honey-food supply
and become literally honey-bottles.
They are kept by the others in a sepa
rate apartment, about six inches long
by four in height, that is a store-room.
Here, if the nest is carefully
opened, the ants or honey-bottles will
be seen hanging on the wall, look
ing like ripe currants. The modus
operandi that results in this is as fol
lows: The ants, at least the small ones,
forage for food, and find it in some
cases in what are known as galls, curi
ous enlargements of grow ths, often
seen on trees and formed by the eggs
of an insect having been deposited in
the wood, the latter growing about it
and allowing in some cases an escape
of a liquid that is greatly esteemed by
ants and certainly tastes like honey.
Filling their bodies with this material,
the workers proceed to the store-room
where the bottle ants are kept and de
liver it up to them, the receptacles re
ceiving so much that they become dis
tended to an enormous extent, as
we have se-n, and are incapable of
movement to any great degree. Their
bodies, upon examination, seem par
ticularly adapted for the purpose, be
ing covered in their normal condition
by several plates that spread apart
when thi alnlomen is extended. Hoxv
long these living bottles hold their store
is not know ii undoubtedly indefinite
ly. When the other ants want to draxv
their rations they proceed to the dark
chamber, and a supply is forthwith
given ujt. Such an arrangement seems
to show that ants have much more in
telligence than they are given credit
for, as all their movements can not be
instinctive. Iu Colorado th-lr nests
are quite common about the Garden of
the Gods, and the tunnels that they
form often penetrate considerable di
tances into the rock, and the work in
arrixing at the chamber where the
lstinev bottles are hung is one of no lit
tle labor. 5an Franciset L'alL
Utilizing Waste Ground.
Land in this country has been too
cheap, aud our people have been too
greedy to get hold of more t!:an they
can use, to nave our wastes properly
filled up. Quite cften the richest land
on the farm, near the barn or house is
either kile or covered with weeds.
when it might be put to profitable use.
If farmers would occasionally look into
city and village lots they might find
nstances of economia ng space that
would put them to shame. Trellises
for grape vines are built up high close
to houses, aud yet far enough to alloxv
a covered passage way that is most
pleasant at any season, and in the fall
is loaded with rich clusters of fruit
The poultry-yard even need not be de
voted entirely to this use. Many have
learned that this is the very best place
to grow plums. Rhubarb may be
placed ia some corner near the barn
too rich to groxv any thing else, lhe
various out-buildings may be profitably
covered with trellises, not to alloxv
grape vines to fall upon and rot the
roof, but far enough to receive its re
flected heat The farmer who now
sets himself to thinking how he can
best put to use xvaste places around
his premises will in a year or two be
wondering hoxv he ever could have let
so much satisfaction and profit escape
him without noticing its loss.
. . e
The Ways of Nature.
In the universe every thing is changing
and every tiling is in motion, for motion
itself is the firBt condition of vitality.
The firm ground, long thought to be
immovable, is subject to incessant mo
tion: the x-ery mountains rise or sink;
not only do the winds and ocean cur
rents circulate round the planet, but
the continents themselves, with their
summits and valleys, are changing
their places and slowly traveling round
the circle of the globe. In order to
explain all these geological phenome
na it is no longer necessary So inv
nerine alterations in the earth's axis,
ruptures of the solid crust, or gigantic
subterranean doxvnfalls. This is not
the mode in which nature generally
proceeds; she is more calm and more
regular in her operations, and, chary of
her right, brings about changes of the
grandest character without even the
knowledge of the beings mat sue nour
ishes. She upheaves mountains and
dries up seas without disturbing tho
flight of the gnat Some revolution
which appears to us to have been pro
duced by a nugbtv cataclysm has, per
haps, taken thousands of years to ac
Just the Wife He Wanted.
She I confess, William, that your
proposal gives mo pleasure. It would
be foolish to pretend that it does not
He Yet xvhat? What possible ob
jection can you have to becoming my
wife? You kuow that I love you, that
I am able to provide for you
Yes, but 1 fear I would be but a sorry
"Because I have never been to a cook
"All the better, dearest; all the
'All the better?"
"Yes. You will stay at home and at
tend to the cooking instead of wanting
to go out and lecture on the culinary
art Ton are just the kind of wife J
want"- Boston Couritr.
THE PERSIAN SEER. -
Am Individual of Considerable Importance
and Very I.Ittle Learning.
The mouajem, or astrologer, is a
pow er in Persia. He is recognized as
a man of science, a member of a learn
ed profession. The chief astrologer is
a high court officer, from whose ruling
there is no appeal, for his decisions
are based upon knowledge that is com
municated direct from the stars. Thus,
if he decrees that the Asylum of the
Universe must not start on a hunting
ex I edition on Thursday, but that half
an hour after midnight on Saturday
books of fate. j
Besides these calendars they have as J
tin ir stock in trade a plumb-line, aj
lovpl. ft eelf-Mf i-il tdi.M find n jtrn- I
labe. The astrolabes re in the form !
.:.......;.. ,.fi I
tifu'ly niaile. Every large town con
tains at least two astrologers, and they J
:irp very far from being poor. A Per-
si.an may find an astrologer very use- j
fill, especially if he be an officer and j
desires to evade some responsibility, i
Thus, suppose a provincial Governor is j
ordered to the c pit til and that he does j
not want to go, what more poxverful
reason for delay in starting than tore
ply that he Is waiting for a fortunate
hour, and what easier than to induce
the astrologc.- to fail to find one? In
the meantime) the officer has time to ad
minister the necessary bribes at court,
and the storm blows over.
ltik!mrtt. tossing up, or drawing of
the lot, is i!one with a rosary. A bend
is grasped at nt hap-haz.trd; Good."
Bad." "Ltd fit rent." is ejaculated at
each bend, till the big terminal one is
reached, and that decides the question.
Ansxxets ate given in conversation,
bargains ate made or refused, and seri
ous acts are undertaken under the
guidance of this formula. Another
w ay is to thrust a knife into the leaves
of the korati or one of the poot'eal j
books, and ie guided by what is found
at the p. ace. The diviners are tea
quacks and gain their success by work
ing n the fenrs of the people. The
guilty patty in a scandal or t-riniina
inqniiy in Ms nervous!ies is provoked
to do some act that brings ab-mt hi
lelectioti. P pu'ar Seitnce llonlh'y.
Why It 1. Kasentlal to the Cerrylo On
of m loir Dlscaaslun.
No ilisetiis':lii between two person?
an be carried on with any degree of
aiin s unless e.-tch 1 erson recognizes
he other as his full peer in that dis-
ussion. It matters not that one per
son is older a ml more ex:enenceu and
better informed thai the other: con
senting to i nter into the discussion of
a given point, the superior thereby as
sumes the pos.tion of one xvho mav be
n error at that point; of one who mav
e shoxvti his error by the other person;
ind of one who is r -ady to weigh fairly
nitl candidiv the x-iews and arguments
resented to the other in the course id
he discussion, and ;o le convince! by
tlu in if they are such that they oiiirht to
convince turn, lie wl.ouoes not recog-
iize this ns his duty in everx discussion
in which he bears a part is incompetent
o conduct a discussion intelligently.
If. indeed, one deems another unxvorth?
f bein counted his peer in a discus
sion, thn he has the privilege id
le lining to enter into a discus
sion with i.iiii. even itiougn ne woum
bo wi'ling to be his instructor, or to
iixe him all needed information; but a
liscussioii ouce begun must be carried
on on the basis of perfect equal ty le-
txxeen the disputants as dis
putants, or it is not a true diseuss'o i.
It is in xiexv of this truth that one
who has niiv real, or apparent. suie-
ior tv over another, with whom he is
Iiscossing a point, must be scrupu
lously careful to refrain from assert
ing, or si emmg to tliniK mat snpe
rioritv. If it be a learned teacher in
lisctissjoii with a young scholar or a
trained ex; ert in discussion with a
lavman. or a xvise father in discussion
with a forward child, or a host discuss
ing xv. tu a guesi at ins own laoie. ine
discussion as a discussion must go on
as be. w een peers. The moment that
lhe superior asserts or intimates the
claim that lie is to be regarded in tiiis
d:scus-i n ns a superior, or that his
opin on is to have more we gbt than
tlu other's opinion that moment he
proMses to deny his op ouent the
I ights of an equal in a contest which
the two have entered as equals. If.
indeed, he w ho has superiority in other
respects can show his superiority ns a
disputant, his superiority is en tilled to
rompt recognition accordingly; but
until a disputant can show his superi
ority tis a disputant he ought to be
ashamed to nssert, during a discussion,
his right to be recognized in that dis
cussion as n superior on any other
ground. S. S. 'lime.
A medical nuthority says there are
some pcop e who can breathe sewer
:i xvith impunity. We knew that it
is so. The plumber, for instance, can
!ive a-d thrive for weeks in a house
where he says it is suicido for the
iiinilv to remain another day. Vox
e a e
Wood employed for building whicl
is not exposed to heat or moisture i
not. likely to suffer from the ravages o
insects; but, if it is placed so that ni
draughts of fresh air can reach it, t
prevent accumulation of products of de
composition, decay soansetsin. and the
decay i ng al bu mi nous substances, acti n g
upon the fiber, causes ft to lose its ten
acity and become a friable mass.
It still seems to be an unsettled
question whether wood cau be ignited
by the heat of a steam pipe in contact
with it It is admitted, theoretically,
that it is impossible for wood to take
fire at a temperature of 212 degrees, or
somewhat higher; but it is well known
that there have been a large number
of cases of tire reported as occurring
from this cause, and the evidence is
THE COUNTRY'S SAGES.
Very lw of Them Come from the LarfS
I ties f the Rast or West.
The great cities of this country have
never furnished the wise, reflectivs
mid penetrative statesmanship which
Las made this Nation great and pros
perous and guided it into safe and sal
utary ways. The average reader ol
the able and enterprising journals
that reflect public sentiment in the
centers of population throughout the
Slide will doubtless smite at this asser
tion, for a tendency has grown-up of
late to sneer at the class of men who
have Jx-en dubbed as cross-roads pol-
icians." "rural sages" and 'turnip
: Look back for a century through the
H.-ords of the Continental Congress.
it National Constitutional con re li
on, the war for independence, and
ae latter years of the country's life.
!ow many statesmen pre-eminent in
jility and magnificent in their at
kinuients and success have the popu
tis cities given to this land? Of the
;.i-eat soldiers whose names are mem-
rizeti in storied marble or massive
1 ron 7.'-. and held cherished in the hearts
of millions of their countrymen, bow
L,M,IJr came 'rom the crowded center.
of population? lou can count them
tt'.most on your lingers.
San Francisco. Philadelphia, Chicago,
New Oiieaus aud Brooklyn have not a
ingle name on the roll of their history
that could lay claim to great states
manship. Philadelphia is old enough
to have sent forth at least one man
ftrly equipped in all that goes to make
up a leader of men. Yet all she can
truly lav claim to is a sort of half inter
est in Ben Fran Li in. and notyery well
f unded claim that Henry Clay and s
dozen other renowned men have oc
casionally bought their clothes there.
Ei en Sam Randall does not belong tc
her. for Le lives on a farm twenty
mil -s out of that city.
New York City has not had much t
boast of. Alexander Hamilton, whom
most people imagine was a native of the
town. was lorn in the West Indies.and
Burr and Livingston would abont com
plete hor list The present generation
of statesmen has no very great names
to add to New York's rolL Sam Cox,
one of the conspicuous figures on the
floor of the House of Representatives,
belongs to her only by right of adop
tion, and is an original Ohio ruralist
Boston pave th country Charles
Sumner ami shared with Philadelphia
I the credit of producing and maintain-
iing Ren Frauklio. But the world hat
been elect ified by the doings of any
other great men that the cultured New
Eagland city has produced in the mem
oiy of eirher this or the past genera
tion. X. I. Graphin.
LIBELS ON MANHOOD.
A few XVjt l About Harks, Belles, Dsn
tile. Swells and Dodes.
That variety of the human species
which ia sts its claim to consideration
mainly upon dress and affectation, has
had during the last hall century four
s'ang designations, two of which are
obsolete. It has been a "buck," a
"da dy" a "swell" and a dude." The
last mentioned epithet still continues
to mark the distinction between the
man who relies on his tailor to make
him acceptable to society and the morf
sensible xrtion of the race.
Just noxv lhe ramblers among words
are trying to get at the origin o!
"dandy;" but as "words," in the
language of Dean Trench, "often ride
very slackly at anchor on their etymo
logies." they find it difficult to trace
this once familiar appellation to its
source. It seems, however, to have
sprung from Jack-a-dandy, a common
name for a dashing, lively fellow, as
far back as 1682. There was nothing
blithe or debon.air about the "dandy"
of forty or fifty years ago, however.
On the contrary he was a drawling,
effeminate wretch, who pretended to
regard all things, except himself with
supreme indifference. Carlyle speaks
of him as a creature born with "
divine idea of cloth."
In the time of Fielding, finical men
of fashion were called beaux, and he,
being somewhat of a coxcomb in dress
and manners, was honored by his com
patriots with the title of "Beau Field
ing." Bruiumell, once the prime
favorite of "the fourth of the fools and
oppressors called George," was the
father of all the dandies, and they did
not -very long (under that name,
at least.) outlive their sire. Fop, the
generic term for tailor-made men. is
an older name, and will never be ex
tinct while the language lasts, for
Shakespeare has made it immortal.
Beaux, bucks, dandies, swells and
dudes are all included under that ex
pressive head, and heaven deliver us
from all such libels on genuine man
hood! A. 3. ledger.
Advocates of Regular Living.
First tramp-Talk about our ir
regTer lives ! It's dese blokes who's
well off dat drives us to it
Second tramp Yep; couldn't get no
grub fiom de farmer's wife over dere
till I sawed wood an hour.
First tramp Never dodat It's bad
to woik before or arter eating.
Second tramp I know it; and'twar
arter my regular lunch-time any way.
I'm jist done up withdispepsy. -Judge.
A Chance Still Open.
Young Mr Diplomat (at Washington
party) 1 r.m sorry. Miss Naive, that
you have been down to supper. 1 had
anticipated the pleasnre of acting as
j our escort
Miss Naive Oh. thank you, Mr.
Diplomat; but er 1 have only been
down once- S. Y. Times.
The new industry in the South,
which has been noted, develops another
use for pine needles, besides that of
spreading an aromatic odor from the
filling of a pillow. Oue product of
these needles is a remarkably strong
oil, claimed to possess valuable medic
inal properties; another is pine wool,
which is bleached, dyed, and woven,
this wool being a fleecy brown mass,
possessing a pleasant odor, which gives
it value as a moth destroyer when em
ployed in the form of carpet lining; and
to these is to be added another product
made from this wool. viz.. a strong,
cheap matting, adapted for halls, stair
ways and officaa,
A Toacblne Case Which Orrorrert
(ilassrow Koyal Infirmary.
The other day a poor little xvaif of a
boy, ten or eleven years of age, greatly
emaciated anil exhausted by long
standing disease, xvas brought up in
the hoist to the operating theater of
the Royal Infirmary, in Glasgow, to
undergo an operation which it was
thought might possibly have the effect
of prolonging the boy's life. His con
dition, however, was so low and unsat
isfactory that there was some fear not
only that the operation might not be
successful in its results, but that dur
ing or immediately following the op
eration tlie boy's strength might give
in and his spirit pass away. After
reaching the theater, which is seated
like the gallery of a c-hurch, and while
the operating table was being got
ready, the little fellow was seated on a
cushioned seat, arid, looking up to
ward some students who were there to
witness the operation, with a pitiful,
tremulous voice he said: "Wiil one of
you gentlemen put np just a wee
prayer for a swie boy I am in great .
trouble and distress just a wee prayer
to Jesus for me in my sore trouble.'
The surgeon, patting him on the shoul
der, spoke kindly to him, but as he
heard no prayer and saw probably
only a pitying smile on the faces
of some of the students, he turned
his head away and in childish
tones and words, which were sufficient
ly audible to those around him, he
asked Jesus, his friend, the friend of
wee boys who loved Him.' to be with
him to have mercy on him in his dis
tress. Aud. while the young doetor
was putting the boy under chloroform,
so that he might feel no pain during
the operation, so long as he was con
scious the voice of the boy was still
hirard in words of prayer. The sur
geon, as he stood by the table on which
the boy lay. knowing that he had to
perform an operation requiring some
coolness and calmness and delicacy of
touch, felt just a little overcome. There
was a lump in his throat which rather
disturbed him. Soon, however, he
heard the words from the assistant who
was administering' the chloroform,
"Doctor, the boy is ready;" and taking
the knife in Lis hand, lump or no lump.
had to begin the operation. Soon the
surgeon was conscious that the prayer
which the little boy had offered np for
himself had it.cluded in its answer
some one else, for the coolness of head,
steadiness of hand and delicacy of
touch all came as they were needed and
the operation was completed with more
lhan usual ease, dexterity and success."
On the following morning, the sur
geon going round his ward fi-om bed
to bed. and coming to that on which
the little boy lay, saw from the placid,
comfortable look on his facj that Lis
sufferings had been relieved, and that
all was well with him. Going up to
the head of the bed and taking the
little wasted hand, which seemed no
larger than that of a bazar doll, the
surgeon whispered into his ear: 'The
good Jesus heard your prayer yester
day." A bright, happy, contented -look
lit np the boy's face, and with a
feeble, yet distinct pressure of the
little band, he looked np in the doctor's
face and said: "I ken't He would."
And then he added: "You, doctor,
were gude to me, too." But apparently
thinking that the doctor' was on a dif
ferent platform and required something
tangible for his care and trouble, in a
plaintive voice he said. "But I hae
nothing to gie yon," and then a bright
thought came into his mind, and with
a little cheer in his tone, he added,
"I will just pray to Jesus for you,
doctor." The surgeon, before leaving
the" Ward, in bidding the boy good by
for the day, asked where he came from
and where he bad learned so much
about Jesus and to love him so dearly.
He answered: "I comefrae Barrheid."
"And you were in a Sabbath school
there?" Oh, yes, in the Bonrock
SchooL" Our readers will be pleased
to learn that the boy made a successful
recovery and is now at home. CArisi
HARD ON ALECK.
A Watch Trick That Dids't Work to Krery
A drummer "I like to see a smart
Aleck "who goes about trying to make
bets on a sure thing shown his place
now and theu. I gave one a surprise
myself the other day. He came up to
me on the train and said:
"Bet yon a dollar you can't name
the figures in the order they occur on
the dial of your watch.
'Bet you a dollar I can.
"The aioney was put up. and I wxoe
down the Roman numbers from L to
'You've lost, said the sure-thing
'Bet you another dollar I haven't,
and two more dollars went into the
'Show your watch, said the sure
thing man, and I did so.
"The sure-thing man had indeed
lost He had counted on their being
no V I., since that space on most
watches is occupied by the second hand
dial. On my watch, however, there
happeus to be a VL I had seen that
little trick played before, and was thus
enabled to give our friend a lesson from
which I hope he profited." Jewelers'
Thero is nothing so c-anfra lictory
as human nature. Jistxvhen we are
beginning to hate a man for his man
ners, we discover him to b possessed
of some noble irait w hich compels us
to admire, if not to love, him. Drif
Notwithstanding the depravity of
human nature, there are some things
that men can not be hired to do. Take
the tramp and the wood-pile for ex
ample. STerchmt Traveler.
The source of vanity is from with
out f pride, from within.' Vanity is
a vane that turns, a willow that bends
with every breeze priie is the oak
that defies the stor.n. O.ie is cloud
the other rock. Oas is weakness, the
other strengih. InqentolL
Every indivi Iu il shoull bear in
mind that he is sent into the world to
act a part in if, and though one may
have a more splendid and another a
more obscure part assigned to hiin.
yet the actor of each is equally re
sponsible. Church Union.