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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 19, 1887)
j. H. 8 TIN k & CO Publisher
T tit MS Ol HUBSCRtPItON.
Jon PrintiEiJDous n iivA
TKRM8 or AUVEKTIRINO.
Legal Blanks, Eos'mm Oar&
Letter Heads, Bill
Circulars, Fosters, .
Esaent.4 la good ttyi at4 ai toiraai Hvtnf urf
On. na. Brat hiawtt-m JJ
kaoh audttlunal inaarUoa
Wal Notlca, irlln........- -!-." ",;,- -. .1' "
Kaiular atltwtlwnmiM inmrU-A mow lliimsl trma.
LEBANON, OREGON, Fit I DAY, AUGUST 19, 1887.
LKBANOH LOUOK, NO. 44, A. P A. M : TrtW
at ihelr n had In Msaonlo Hloca, on Satnelai
nine, en or More M. ' imsm
J WAKHOJ. W. M.
LKBANON LOPOR. ft M- Sat
untay ritlm nh wr, at Vlh. Hull,
M.iln atra; iWUm fcrrthmi mtdtally tnttd iu
it.nO. J J I HAKLVoS. R O.
KINn LOPUl" SS, A O. t' W , t..han,i.
Or-mi: MMi Trjr Ursi ami third Ttmrvl.iv
ln in th. mouth. K. It. Hom-OK mTV.
J. S. COURTNEY, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AMD SURGEON,
tyotee In Dr. ro.U'i Ra.UI.nc
- -r" ' """" " " '
r. M. MILLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Notary Public and General Insurance Agt.
0IIw(I.mu anil othw baituaa. pinpU .UMxtot ta.
OMc m Mala atrwt.
DR. A. H. PETERSON,
Filling and Extracting Teeth a Specialty.
(MIct n faaidaare, on Mala Mmt, iwtt Anor aoith
t v. H Mxitmn b. rvaidaoo. Ail vol. tWIWUiL
C. H. HARMON,
BARBER & HAIRDRESSER,
Saavlut, Rati- Cuttlnc an.1 Shampoolnc ta in.
' Pattunac riw-et fully aollotUd.
St. Charles Hotel.
S . W. Oocnar Main and Sharroaa StrMta, two Block
Uil of R R. IK-ik
J. NIXON. - Proprietor.
Table Supplied with the Bent the Market
Bam pi. Room, nod th. Prat Aaeoatmodauont for
GENERAL. STAGE OFFICE.-.
J. O. ROLAND,
Maki-raorraaa aao Miua ts
Harness, Saddles, Bridles,
Goods in the Saddlery Line.
Harness and Saddle Repaired Promptly
BTHL at HELI.ESIBERUF.R.
Fresh and Salted Beef and
Bacon an! Lard always on Hani.
Main Street, Lebanon, Or.
. L. Cowan, J. M. Ralston. J. V. Ccpicr.
BANK OF LEBANON
Transacts a General Banking
Accoun'i Kept Subjert to Check.
EXCHANGE SOLD ON
flew Yorl, San Francisco, Portland and
Collections Made on Favor,
G. W. SMITH,
Tin, Copper. Sheet-Iron Ware,
12V12 r-IOIJ'I ISto.
All kinds of Repairing
T. S. PILLSBURY,
Practical . Watchmaker.
A COMIM. KTK
ROGERS fc BROS
All ! Woarawted.
nrst Dxr Ksrtl of tie City HiIL .Maia stret,
MITCHELL & LEWIS CO., Limited.
Factory I Racial. Wl.
THE MITCHELL FARM
THE MITCHELL WAGON.
Lot Header and Trucks; Dump, Hand and Road Carta; Opau and Top
.BuKSiea, Phaetons, Carriages, Buckboards, and
General AffcnU for Canton CUpptr Plows. Harrows. Cultivators. R.ad
Scrapers, Gale Chilled Plows. Ideal Feed Mills and Wind Milla. Knowl
ton Hay'Rakea, Horse Powers, Woad Saws. Peed Cutters, etc. W.
carry the largest and best assorted stot i of Vehicles on the Northwest
Coast. All our work is built especially for this trade and fully warranted.
Send for new 1&87 catalogue.
Mitchell & . Lewis Co., Limited, 188, 190, 192 and 194
Front Street, Portland, Oregon.
Our goods are sold by F. II. ROSCOE & CO.. Hardware Dealers. Lebanon, Or.
Gr. E. HARDY,
Watches, Clocta, Jewelry, Silver
o o o o o o o
Ma. I v"vywu"ou mm
; pt. In T7
a NavmJ Ob
M a a a n LoramntivA
" Enslneerm Con
rhiftor nd nfi
ALSO AGKKT FOa THE...
I. F. & H; A. Singer Sewing
Done at Short Notice.
In slock ,
Cuff and Collar
Chains, Pins, Etc.
All Work MamaU4.
Hriarhi .rtlaa4. Or
AND SPRING WAGONS.
Plated Ware and Optical Goods.
o o o o o o o
EXACTW0 I - ,
SfWCf! iiU WOrK
iewt-lraf, wILb ai
uU WaxTWy. j
amln.1.. o o n a a a n
Machines & Machine Supplies
Ills and Deollno of an Important
Th. lclalatlan l-:il.rtd to Km. Landal
from Humteatlou ttralrui-tlon r An
Vloes KhiKtr Mailces Ailiipteil.
In tltnoa wlu'ii nltn wi'id lii irimvrul
ttaoby hU trnlitiiiMi, it win onlv liutitr
sl that r".cli tniiii aliotHil tntinvor to
out-Uo Iiia lifilihora in I tin ollrtiir
tieaa of lild sinltoiml. 'l'lioan firnw
who advrrtiite on alrect lu:irlinj; lo
prwi'luolj the snino klml of tiling t the
ii'tnt dyi ouoh piuli!tvor, liy liiininn
of bi'Hlianry oolor or iiov'lly of tie-
mpn, to obtttin, tlnniijHi hi iiosU'ik,
greater itihlioiljr fur tho wuroa iie (fonts
n. anil to at t nu t more ntteniion tliun
his neighbors. Jiwt so, a century or
more ago, many IniMiloii-t (fovicoa
wero niittlo o of to foreo into notion
thn aiirnhoimN of thomt dnvo. Some of
he bonnU wcr inmln of eiiorttious
slr.cj otliiMs wi-re si t In i1;ir-
ng rolot-N; otlii.-ri lro slrik
ng or attuning ol.j.-fH, I i k ! r to tie
femeiiilMntl by tlioo who aaw them;
wliile oilier juiiJiM'loit fur out into the
ilreet, or mi-uiltl within (l;tborai,
ami often really uiiiiiiiiital, fritmtv
works of iiiin. Wiieit nnrh trmlemmtn
thus emleavornit to eoiin tho slgn
boaitl of hi.4 noighlxM', it may well be
liuagineil that inconvenience wjh cnttsed
to the geiicrttl publio. Compliiititii that
the aim an. I rotniitencti of the sljrn
boant pivvented the ncoe.a of atintight
it ml thn free circulation of the air in Din
narrow Iotiitott sticots lirt begun to
be heititt, wo ore tolit, as early ua tho
licginning of the fifteenth century,
when an onlcr Wit m.iito to nbnte tho
nuisance. In the course of time, how
ever, the evil grew ng-tiit, till Charles
II., in 1C07, lireeto.l that no sign-
MXirtls were tlu'renfier to hang across
he street, tint tint they were to lie
tixel nguin-'t the iJ ,f the homes.
Again, lnwcvcr, ai tears ja'Hl bv,
the nuiHHiice rcappemvil. In 17(52, large
Mwern were once more grantcil.
and there wns a general ami final
tearing nwav of the to obtrusive sign-
MMtnls. t)hl prints nml engravings of
he last century often give a goo.1 blea
f the way in which the public streets.
oth of Ionlon nnl oilier towns, were
meo tiifiguie.l by these overgrown
This general teuiolition in 1762 gave
t blow to the us of signlioanls from
which those evidences of pat igno-
ance have never since recovered. But
had the conditions w hit-h iirt brought
hem into existence remained the saiue.
here can be no doubt that the sign-
Miaids would have again risen, plutiii-
ike, from their own ruins. Hap
pily thoe conditions have not re
mained the same. That knowledge
of reading and writing which during
the present century lias lecome wide
spread among alt clause-.. ha.' it may
bn truly said, given .a death-blow to
the universal use of signs and to
thn art oTf the fign -painter. This,
to Im) sure, is not. a matter to
call for regret on Its own account; nev
tlieless, tlie great decline in the use of
he old-fa-hioiied pictorial signboards
is to bo regretted for many rea-ons.
The signs our forefathers used have
as already pointed out largely inter
woven themselves with our history. In
losing them, we are losing one of the
well-known landmarks of tho past.
The signs of the Woolpack ami the
Golden Fleece, for instance, which are
till common in the Kastern counties,
are mementos of the time when the
woolen trad! flourNhed in that part of
England. The i;jn of the C oach, and
Horses, still a very frecpient sign every
where, calls to mind the old coaching-
ilavs. Our numerous Arms, our many
Lions Hull. Dragon. Hears and
Horses red. blue, black, green or
white and diers other strangely col
ored animal, most of which are quite
unknown to men of science, are all
relica of medieval times, when heraldry
was cherished and understood by every
one. aianv similar liisuuioei might be
pointed out, did space permit. Most of
the idgnboards now displayed by our
inn and tavern bear strong evidence
of their own degradation from the high
position they once occupied. Inasmuch
as they now usually bear the name of
the house in written characters, they
show most clearly" how entirely forgot
ten are the reason which originally
led to the adoption of the use ot signs.
Onlv now. and then do we see a pic
torial signlioanl of tho real old-fash-
J Ins decay in the use ot nin-signs.
however, i no greater than tho decline
in importance of tho inns themselves.
These have, within little more than the .
last half-century, descended from a
position of great importance and pros
perity to one of comparative degrada
tion. Few person of the present day
have an adequate idea of the extent to
which tavern-life influenced thought
and manners fifty, one hundred, or two
hundred years ago. Then' each man
had his tavern, much a we now
have our clubs and reading-rooms:
there he nightly "met his friend, heard
the ' high-priced London newspapers
read aloud, and discussed tho political
and business topics of the time. Dick
ens, in Barnahy Budget has well
sketched the select village company
which for many years had met nightly
at the old Maypole to tipple and debate.
Ale was the universal beverage on these
occasions; and in days when there were
no colossal breweries at Burton, Rom
ford, or elsewhere, the fame of any
tavern was great, or email according to
the skill of the landlord or his serv
ants in producing this beverage. Inns,
too, formed the stopping-places of the
many coaches of a hundred years ago,
and at them wera kept the numerous
horses then required for the traffic. In
the old coaching-days, indeed, many a
small town or village on any main road
consisted largely or chiefly of Inns;
and supplying the necessaries for the
passing traffic may be said to
have formed the local industry" by
which the inhabitants of such places
lived. Thus the inns of olden times
combined to a large extent within
themselves the various uses to which
modern clubs, i ding-rooms, insti
tutes, railway b .ions, eating-houses,
hotels, public-tu.es, livery stables,
and the like, are now severally pud.
Then thee were I he centers round
which most events of the time revolved:
now they are little more thau tippling
hquses for tbe lower classes.
The various devices used as signs are
of Inlluite variety and varying degrees
of Interest, from tho heads, or por-
ipaua or tnoiiein political, naval or
military celebrities, to such signs as tho
llose and Crown, the Fleur-do-Lvs. the
Spread Eagle, the Cross Keys, our
numerous Arms, fantastically colored
animals of all kinds, and many other
similar devices. Bigns of th. former
kind require little or no explanation;
they are usually modern and un
interesting vulgarisms, and their
ineanlng ate self-apparent. With
signs of tho lnHer class, how
ever, the case Is generally far dif
ferent, and a search for their origins!
significance, oft.n much obscured by
the mists of antiquity. Is usually
an Interesting one. As a rule.
ludi signs 'will be found to
have been derived from the armorial
Iwarlngs of some sovereign, noble or
other historical personage.
From the quaint and almost forgot
ten science of heraldry. Indeed, has
lccn derived a largo majority of our
oldest and most interesting signs. This
fact need cause no surprise when it Is
remembered that In former days every
one was familiar with this so-called
science," The Incomprehensible Jar
gon, spoken of as "blajson" by heraldic
writers, and the various devices appear
ing on all-modern coats of arms, though
little more nowadays than grotesque
hieroglyphics to most, were once read
and perfectly understood even by the
common iwjoiile. A knowledge
f heraldry was once, prol-
ablv, as general as a knowledge
of the Mhree R' is now. It was
no wonder, therefore, that the Idea
early suggested itself to the minds of
tradesman and others to nse their own
oats of arms when they had any or
those of the great trade guild to which
they belonged, or those of their laqd-
lord, or sinio patron, as signs. This
convenient custom,, once established.
would be sure to tie largely followed;
there can, indeed, be no question that
in this way arose the custom of naming
houses the "So-and-so Arms." At the
present time, the custom itelf remains,
though its origin has teen almost, en
tirely lost sight of. Many Inns have In
consequence come to bn known as the
Arms of persons, trades, places, and
things which never di.l. and never
could, bear a coat of arms. Such
signs, for instance, as the Lit
liput Arms the Cricketers Arms,
and the Libra Arms, are modern
and meaningless absurdities. Clearly
the origin of the King's Arms had
never occurred to the simple clodhop
per of whom it i related that he once
walked many miles to see King George
IV. on one of his Journeys, and who
came home greatly disappoinU'd; for
be found the King had arms like other
men, while he had always understood
that His Majesty's right arm was a
lion, and his left a unicorn. Arms of
various kinds form a large proportion
of our modern signs, often as much as
ten per cent., and sometimes double
that in particular districts. A a gen
eral rule, where a house has displayed
for many years together an armorial
sign, the "coat" will be found to be
that of the largest landowner or most
prominent personage in the district.
When the general knowledge of
heraldry began to decline, and armorial
bearings fell largely into disuse, many
houses, formerly known as the "Some
body's Arms," probably came gradually
to be called after, and distinguished by,
the most prominent "charge" in the
coat, or after the "crest" of one of the
"Mipportcrs." which might have been.
in heraldic blazon, a lion gules (red), a
hoar azure (blue), a white hart, or a
rose crowned. Thus undoubtedly or
iginated many strange signs which are
The personal "badges" adopted by
kings and great nobles in early times,
and worn on the arm by their servant",
and retainers, have also given origin to
many similar signs. Thus, the White
Hart one of our very commonest sign
loard devices represents the favorite
badge of King Hichard 1L, although
the'white hart has also a legendary ex
istence. The Rose and Crown anoth
er extremely abundant sign owes its
existence to the fact that most of
the earlier English sovereigns used a
rose orowned as a badge. The
Blue Boar, the badge of the once power
ful Do Veres, Earl of Oxford, is to thin
day commoner in tho county of Essex,
where lay the family seat, than any
where else. The Red Lion, another of
our very commonest signs, is probably
n the same way derived from the per
sonal badge of John of Gaunt, Duke of
Lancaster, though it doubtless repre
sents also the lion in the arms of Scot
land. As a rule, fantastically colored
animal will bo found to have had an
heraldic origin. Creatures in their
natural colors either may or may not
have been derived from heraldry; thus,
t . Greyhound, though it has figured
Ixith as tho badge, and one or both of
the "supporters" of the arms of several
English sovereigns, may owe its fre
quent appearance on the sign-board to
its modern use in the coursing-field- In
tho case of the White Horse, too, a very
common sign, it is difficult now to de
cide whether it represents the White
Horse of the Saxons, or that of the
House of Hanover, or one of the many
white horse to be seen in our streets.
Chnmher' s Journal.
tie had ien courting her for six
months without coming to the point,
when she turned on him one evening
with: "Charles, isn't it awful for a girl
like me to worry over how I shall in
vest $75,000?" lie thought it was,
.ind three months later they were mar
ried. "I'll invest that $75,000 for you.
my dear," he observed a day or two
after marriage. "Oh, I was afraid
some one might love me for my money,
:iud I gave it to papa!" was the artless
reply. Wall Street A'nwt.
Do not think yourself smart, my
son, when you have succoeded in de
ceiving your mother. Your mother
wants to believe every thing good and
nothing bad of her son; therefore there
is nobody you can fool so easily a her
except yonrseii. except yourself, ex
eept y'oursejf. Bostot T:anseript.
LEGENDS ADOUT COW8.
relator. Current Among- lha Feasants
V.rlntas I'arU of Karon.
Iii Swnlila iind Switzerland the cows
are milked through a perforated stone
which Is believed to have fallen from
the clouds, and Is therefore called a
"cow'MtonV In speaking of "bloody
m'!k," we may note here that this Is
supposed to be the result not only of
witchcraft, but of quite a different
cause. Thus, in Yorkshire and some
parts of Germany, If a robin is killed it
is aepposed IhaNiue of the cows belong
ing to the person or to the family of the
person who killed it will give "bloody
milk." The accuracy and truth of the
following curious circumstance is al
leged to liavo recently loen vouched
fort A young woman, who had been
living as a servant in a farm-houae, one
day told her relatives how the eow
which had belonged to her master had
given bloody milk, after one of the fam
ily had killed a robin. A male cousin
of hers, disbelieving tho tale, went out
and shot a robin purposely. Next morn
ing her uncle's 1el cow, a healthy one
of thirteen years, that had borne nine
calves without mishap, gave half a
canfiil of this bloody milk, and did
so for three days in succession, morning
and evening. The liquid was of a pink
color; which, after standing in the can,
becnme clearer, and when poured out
the "blood," or the deep red something
like it, was seen to have settled to the
Imtlom. The joting man who shot the
robin milked the row himself on the
second morning, be tieing stili incredu
lous. The farmer was sent for, and the
matter furnished talk to the whole vil
lage. Formerly at Walton-lo-dale, En
gland, if a farmer killed a swallow it
wa lielieved that his cows would yield
b. Saatead of milk. Tills supersti
tion i also prevalent (n the greater
part of Switzerland. On this account
few like to kill or even injure a robin
Like the horse, the cow enters Into
fairy lore. According to a legend cur
rent In Carmarthenshire, Wales, there
was In days gone by a band of elfin
ladies, who used to haunt a lake in the
the ncighliorhood of Alwrdovey. They
usually apenred at dusk, clad in green,
accompanied by their milk-white
hound and their droves of beautiful
white cows. One day an old farmer
had the good luck to catch one" of these
mystic animals. It had fallen in love
with the rattle of his herd. From that
day the farmer's fortune was made.
Such calves, such milk, such butter and
such cheese that came from the milk
white cow had never been seen in
Wales before. The farmer accordingly
soon Itccame rich and the owner of vast
herds. One day, however, he took it
into his head that the elfin cow was
grow ing old and that he had better fat'
ten her for the market. On the day ap
pointed for the slaughter people came
from great distance to seethe wonder
ful animal; and as the butcher,' blud
geon was severing its head from its
IsHly a fearful shriek resounded through
the air, and the astonished assembly be
held a green lady, crying with a loud
"Come, yellow anvil, stray horns,
K)x-kll one of tbr Ink.
Anil ot the hornless Dotlla,
Anne, tome home !"
Whereupon not only did the elfin -cow
arise and go home, but all her progeny
went with her, disappearing in the air
over the hill tops. Only one cow re
mained of all the farmer's herds, and,
lo! the had turned from milky-white to
raven black. The farmer, in a fit. of
despair, drowned himself, and the black
eow liecame the progenitor of the ex
isting race of Welsh black rattle. (Wirt
Sikcs' British Goblins. 1879, page 37.)
A similar story exists in Ireland
called "The Legend of Lough Gur." It
seems that a certain farmer had some
meadow land by the water side; but, in
spite of all his efforts, the grass was al
ways destroyed. Driven at last to des
peration, he consulted one of his friends,
who advised him to watch his land by
night-time, in the chance of discovering
IN secret enemy. Accordingly the
farmer, with his friend and his two sons,
one moonlight night silently watched
at a corner of the meadow. They had
not waited long whea, moving on the sur
face of the lake toward the meadow, they
aw a great fat cow followed by seven
milk white heifers. On giving chase
to these the cow suddenly disappeared
in the lake, but the seven heifers were
successfully driven up from the water
side. The fanner took possession of
these; but one night the gate of tho
field lxing left open, they disappeared,
and it was generally supjosed that they
had made their way into the lake again.
There is a lake in Comity Tipjerary
called "I he L,uko ot the Cow," irom
a legend somewhat similar to that ol
Lough Gur. The horns of the cow are
said to be so long that, w hen the water
is low, the tips of them may be plainly
seen alsive it. Ailhouirh. too. the nova
lar song intorms us that the Lake ol
111 a r nev is
"Stored with perches.
And comely eels In the verdant mad.
Besides poxl leeches and (rroves of beeches
All runted in order for to guard the Hood,"
yet out of this lake two cows have been
seen to proceed, which are known, ac
cording to Crookers Fairy Legends of
the south of Ireland, to have committed
considerable damage in the adjacent
meadow-lands and corn nelds. A. O.
He Knows the Sex.
Omaha Widow I should greatly like
io meet yonr wife, Mr. De Sweet.
Mr. Do Sweet 1 have no wife.
"lean sympathize with you. You, too.
have lost "
"I never was married."
"Oh! You are engaged though, I pre
"I have never beeti engaged.
"Ah! I begin to understand. Some
sad romance of the pasts- has left its
mark upon . 3'our heart so deep
;hat " .
"No, no, I have never been in love.
I would not tie myself down to a woman
if she were sent down from Heaven to
"Mercy! A woman-hater! Oh! What
... , -
could have so perverted your nature r
What has happened to
"1 am a dry-goods clerk." Otnaha
A pTi!VnoiJ?icai journal has a pict
ure of a "skull showing a large parent
al love." The spectacle of a skull
exhibiting large parental love must be
very touching tight.
PHILOSOPHY OF SLANO""""
Profewnr of llll-I.ttr. OI m lit
torr of the tin of na-aratlv. Terms.
"The every day idioms of the lan
guage commonly called slang are not
so worthy of unqualified condemnation
as many prudish people suppose' ob
served a professor of belles-lettres to a
porter the other day. .
ritey have a direct figurative slgnlfl
auee and give scope to an Inventive
ancy. tor example, the expression
You make me tired Indicates to a
shade the feeling of lassitude inflicted
by a lmre. Again, the phrase 'What
areyoti giving usPMs merely a figura
tive way of expressing incredulity.
Many sanguinary conflicts have doubt
less been averted by its use, as the rug
ged, synonymous phrase, 'You are
lying sir, sir!' has been known to give
oiTetiso to certain eccentrio persons.
Many slang phrases are the embodi
ment of a polite spirit When you are
out with the boys and exhibit in
meteoric flashes the slumbering hilarity
in your nature, to be told that 'you are
intoxicated' strikes a sensitive chord in
your breast: but to be accosted with
What an elegant load you have got'
brings a smile of assent and satisfaction
to your countenance every time. Gentle
men never acknowledge to being drunk.
It is a 'stilr or a Jag' they have on.
The word drunk applies only to tramps.
They are synonvmou terms. Every
acute Intellect will recognlxe this sub
tle shade of meaning. Gentlemen of
pugilistic proclivities are very careful
n their language. They appreciate the
mollifying effect of slang idioms and
are particular to employ them lu speak
ing of their encounter. Who ever
heard a champion of the ring say that
hu gave hi antagonist a black eyo or a
bloody nose? II prefers. In a spirit of
chivalry, more elegant terms, and will
say that he 'closed a peeper or 'tapped
the cfaret. If he knocks his opponent
down be will say considerately that he
sent him to grass.' If be gains a victory
he will not injure the feelings of the
vanquished party by boasting that be
thrashed him, but will pour balm upon
lis wounds by stating politely that he
'done him up.
"Tho parallel between slang phrases
nd rugged English, continued the
professor, "may be drawn still farther.
No man is so devoid of fine feeling as to
acknowledge that he has pawned tt
article. It is less shocking to hint with
a wink that his 'uncle has it, or that it
is in 'hock.' or even that he has 'hnng
up. the expressions exhibit the
deed from a humorous point ol view.
In all walks of life we find this same
endeavor at politeness. A thief is called
fly man or a 'crook, a bribe-taker
is called a 'boodler,' and swindlers aw
called 'bunco steercrs and 'saw dust
men This is as it should be. The
English language, devoid of its figura
tive idioms, is simply bruraL This ac
counts for the birth of the word "dude."
Ilia far more elegant than its synonym.
fooL The ruthless small boy might
hesitate at the latter, but the former he
can shout out at the top of his lungs
whenever some trifle of hurnauity may
be blown across his path. A slang
term that has peculiar significance is
a chippy chaser. This is applied to
the persecutors of honorable working
girls. They stand upon the street cor
ners until some pretty girts pass by..
and then follow them block after block
talking in a loud voice and otherwise
annoying them. It is gratifying to
know that they are generally 'left-'
This last expression is applicable to
those who fail to attain the objects of
their desires. The 'chippy chaser, if
successful in making the clandestine
acquaintance he seeks, and in making
an appointment for some future even-
is. as a rule. stood up. This
means, in unvarnished English, that he
stands for hour after hour at the ap
pointed place awaiting the arrival of
the expected female, probably in a vio
lent rain or snow-storm, for a 'chippy
chaser never gives np hope, while the
honest girl is possiblv sleeping in her
Here ag-ain the politeness of slang
idioms is demonstrated. The synonym
of 'chippy chaser is the pitiable word
'idiot, which is rather an unpleasant
sounding term to be applied to a young
man. The inventor of this idiom merits
the hearty thanks of the -brotherhood.
It is obvious," remarked the pro
fessor in conclusion, "from the fore
going exposition that our slang origi
nates from the innate delicacy of feel
ing, which is a characteristic of Ameri
cans from the small boy tip. lhe
English language, when plainly spoken,
is harsh and jarring and contains many
unpleasant word. . Men of fine feeling
naturally express themselves in a
figui a'ive or, to be less scholarly, a
Pickwickian sense." A. T. Mail and
Photographing Flying Gulls.
An example of - the speed with which
pictures are now being produced is af
forded by a photograph of a number of
flying gulls taken at Southport by a lo
cal photographer, Mr. Malun. ui
ourse, animals in far more rapid move
ment have been photographed by Mr.
Mavbridge in America and M. Maroey
n France, bnt these are produced by
special apparatus, and rarely give much
more than a silhouette of the object
photographed. The picture of the gulls
was taken under ordinary conditions
and with ordinary apparatus; but the
lens must have been a good one, and a
very rapid shutter must have been em
ployed. The plate also (one of those
named the Derby plates, from a formula
invented by Captain Abney.) must have
been of specially high sensitiveness.
The various attitudes of the birds are
curious. Most oi tnem nave me wings
spread in the -orthodox manner, but
some of them are caught in that curious
position with the wings hanging down.
which, from the shortness of the time
during which it is maintained, the eye
does not appear to catch. About sixty
birds are shown quite sharply and dis
tinctly. London Times.
"My dad knows more'n George
Washington." "Why?" "Cos George
ashington couldn t tell a be, but my
dad km, lor when I told him I hadn
been a-fishin he said he knowed better
and thumped me fur iy in'. He kin tell
a lie the minute he sees one, yet bet"
DatttvilU JBrtun. ' ,
A VETERAN FINANCIER.
k.trf. ot the Remarkably Raeeessfwl O
race of aidn.jr Isilloa. , .
The fact that Sidney Dillon was o ''
of the purchasers of the Wheeling
Erie railroad some weeks ago recall
attention to a financier who has hm ,
an interesting career. He is onj C,
the most popular of the moneyed kiss1 .
ers of this country. He traces b
genealogy back to the Hnguenots,
some of his ancestors were Irish. : Su"
ney Dillon is tall, well built, wl4
snow-white hair and whiskers, beim :
now well advanced in years-. He 4,
to be a water-boy on the Aloha
Hudson railroad, and worked for on;
dollar a week. In after year he rollet
np a fortune of $15,000,000, hot he lost,
heavily by the depreciation in the valuer
of Union Pacific railroad stock. . .
After working industriously as a boy
for a number of years and carefully "
saving his money he was able to buy a 5
horse and cart, and then he carried
water and sand for the railroad. Hjr""
was all energy and enterprise, never
letting a chance slip. In a few years
he found himself able to hire or buy a
nu miser of horses and carts, and tLn
he struck out in larger enterprise '
He gradually secured railroad cor.
tracts, which proved very remunera
tive, and in his thirtieth yearwj,';. . '
he married a very estimable" !1y
Amherst, Mass., he was in prosperfsui ,
circumstances. This lady greatly aided . '
him by the influence of a very superior .
' He was at one linie president of it "
Union Pacific, and was succeeded It
Charles Francis Adams. He has bee a
a director in the Union Pacific, Pacif-fl .
Mail, Western Union, Missouri, Km-'
sas A Texas, Delaware, Lackawanna
Western, Texas Pacific, Manhattan
Elevated and the Mercantile Trust '
Company. At one time he had regis- '
aered in bis own name 45,000 shares .
of Union Pacific, 15.000 of WeeWnrT
Union aud 10,000 of Lackawanna, not
to mention his holdings of other
stocks. He has done valuable service
for Jay Gould, especially in connection
witu the union Pacific years ago, and
the "Little Magician" stands by L'm
to-day. Mr. Dillon's career illustrates
the amazing possibilities open tJtW;
poorest in this country. Otcar Hi-
lowjhhy Jiiggt, in I'hiludelhia Pre.
COMMON SENSE HlVESa
Ceavselrwt WatehfaltMwe a TaltsmM of Sov'
eaa Against tlhuaaler to Iteeav
We have heretofore warned our read-
ers who wished to keep a few hives of
bees and most farmers should do so
against the peripatetic patent bee man.
with non-swarmmg hives, moth-proof
hives, etc, and also against the craze
for some "new breed of bees. They
should be given an invitation to inter
view the watch dog. There U no non
swarming hive, no moth-proof hive.
Division may prevent swarming.
Strong colonies may protect themselves
against the moth. Watchfulness upon
the part of the bee-keeper is the talis
man to success against disaster to- the
bees. - As to the rest, any boy large
enough will serve as a home for a
swarm, and bees will work therein, but
there are certain dimensions and form
that experience has shown to be best '
These should be complied with. What
ever the shape of the hive it should be
made of the best seasoned lumber and
the joints tight There has been no im
provement in movable frames tine
LangKtr.oth elaborated and made prac
tical the old-time idea of frames' for
All improvements are with a view to
assist man in manipulating the bees, to
enable them to make more honey by
providing artificial comb foundation.
and to assist the labor in taking sur
plus of honey. So far as the bees are"""
concerned, they are as comfortable in
a hollow tree, more so, perhaps, all.the
year around, than they would be in an
artificial hive near the ground. Farm,
Field and Stockman.
A Remarkable People.
A curious anthroitological discovery
is announced from Spain by Prof.
Miguel Marazta. In the valley - -
Re has. at the end of the Eastern Pyre-'-'-,,
ness, there exists a somewhat nume
rous group of people, called Nanos. or
dwarfs, by the other inhabitants. They
are less than four feet tail. are-uite
well built, with small hands and feet
and are given an exaggerated appealer
ance of robustness by broad hips anil ?
shoulders. AH have red hair; the f ice4l I '
is as broad as long, with high cheek
bones, . strongly-developed jaws and
flat nose. The eves are somewhat
oblique, like those of Tartars and Chi
nese. A few straggling hairs take the
place of a beard. The skin is pale and
flabby. Men and women are so much
like that the sex can only be told
from the clothing. Thev are without
education, and, being ridiculed by the
other inhabitants, live . by themselves
and continue to repruuuee their pecu
liarities bv intermarriage among them
selves. Arkansaw Traveler.
A young man who had been hang
ing around Washington trying to get a
f 1.200 clerkship till his money was
all gone, recently received an offer
of foO a month to go to Birming
ham, Ala., as tally clerk. A friend
loaned him $100 to pay his board bill
and get out of town with, and he went
In a few days his "boss" at Birmingham-
loaned him money to bay a lot of land
with and a week later he sold it for i
upward of $1,000 advance Cnicago
"1 may not be so eloquent as some -
of them, said the Senator from Mid
dlefork, "but when I make a speech
nobody is able to answer it" "Very
likely' replied the honorable Senator
from Hanipsex. "Did you ever hear
of an echo to nothing?" The Senator
from Middlefork is still wondering
what the honorable Senator on the left
was -driving at- Boston Transcript.
."I sun deeply interested of late,
said the new minister, "in the hi;
teachings of Buddhi.,V"e,Jvrd'ye
come to the wrong place for that study,
young man, growled Mr' Oldboarder.
"you can't learn anything about that
article from this hypocritical oleomar
garine." And the quiet was so loud
that the little water pitcher lifted in
great ears to hear whose bill had J?ven
I presented and hud over tinder the rul: -BurdetU.
. .-. .. .