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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (June 3, 1887)
LEBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, JUNE Ji, 1887.
(isvr ktkry rBinAv.)
J. H. STINB & CO. , Publisher
TERMS OF Bl'IMCRirriON.
tw Vw -. SS W
811 Mioitlm , 1 33
Three Month OA
I l'jall in advance.)
TKUMS OV AUVEHTlSlNa.
One feinar.; flrat Irwrttun
Each atUlllluual Ultertion
... 1 to
Local Notlow, per line ....IS wnU
Secular adrartfawnninU Inarrtrd in liberal tcntw.
All description, ot .luh IMntint dune on Jrt noMr..
l.etai hint!,. Circular. BumIiic Caul. Hill HtiaiU,
ljrtuir H-41, INwtvr. etc. execute! In good tlo ami
at toMt living iriar.
LEBANON LOPGE, NO. 44. A F A. M : M
at their new hall In Ma into HlocW. uu Saturday
vTvnuw. on or befor. tho full union
J W ASSON. W. M.
LEBANON I.OOGF., SO. 4T, t. O. O. F.: Merti Hl
evening of each we. lt. at tMd Ft-llow Mall.
Main otreel; viaiUug erethn-n eordinlli Invitrd. to
attend. J. J. CHARLTON. H. U.
HONOR LOnoR NO. SS. A. O. IT. W , IVmnnn.
IKnetn: Meta er
tngs in the month.
Orxeitn: Meeta cvwj Brut and third Thuradav avrn-
r . it. u mAr.. sm. v.
- J. S. COURTNEY, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
IfOOot in Pr. Poa-eUi Roaldenn.
F. M. MILLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Notary Public and General Insurance Agt.
Coltrctlivn and other Vxalnwa promptly attended to.
Othce on Main street.
DR. A. H. PETERSON,
Filling and Extracting Teeth a Specialty.
OfKce In rnddentw. on Main street, wit dor north
of l. B. M jotarue now reaidcsee. Ail work warranted.
C. H. HARMON,
BARBER & HAIRDRESSER,
Sharing. Hair Cuttin. ami Shampooing in the
lateat and ft
VPatrouag. MpectfuUy aoliated.
ST. CHARLES HOTEL,
K. W. Corner Main and Sherman Street., two Block,
bat K Jv xepot.
J. NIXON. Prop'r.
Tables Supplied with the Best the Market
Sample. Room and the Bent Accommodation, for
Wteaeral 8tage OSew.
J. O. ROLAND,
MAM-rACTt RltS ANU DKALEB IM
Harness, Saddles, Bridles,
Goods In the Saddlery Line.
Harness and Saddles Repaired Promptly
Bl'HL a KF.I.LF.BKR(;r.R.
Fresh and Salted Beef and
Bacon anfl Lard always on Hand.
Main Street, Lebanon, Or.
Manufacture and Psaler in
....And a full line of....
8a tl cilery Goods
AU work work warranted Hand-made and
Aseoto lor STATER A WALKER
And tbe Celt1!!!!
G-. W. SMITH,
StoYBS aud TiiiwarB,Irou,PiimDS, &c.
. M A N I' F ACT
Tin, Copper, Sheet-Iron Ware,
12V 13 NlOUrX 13te.
All kinds of Repairing
T. S. PILLSBURY,
ROGERS & BROS
All dSoad (aMaranteetl.
irst Doer sort, of tie City HilL Miia StrKl
V irrD jrrt c ' y J!
MITCHELL & LEWIS CO., Limited.
Fartary: Rarlne, Win.
THE MITCHELL FARM
pja.-'i." T - -.'ft: . : k ' - . '
THE MITCHELL WAGON.
Los. Header and Trutks; Dump, Hand and Road Carta; Open and Top
Buggies, Phaetons, Carriages, Buckboarda, and
General Aircnta fornton Clipper Plows. Harrows, Cultivators. Rood
Bcraners. (isle Chilled I'lows. Ideal Feed Mills and Wind Mills, Kuowl- '
ton Hay Hakes, Horse Powers, Wood Saws. Feed Cutlers, etc. We
carry the largest and best assorted Htock of Vehicles on the Northwest
Coast. All our work is built especially for this trade and fully warranted.
Send for new ISS7 catalogue.
Mitchell & Lewis Co., Limited; 188, 190, 192 and 194
, Front Street, Portland, Oregon.
Our Roods are sold by F. II. ROSCOE & CO., Hardware Dealers, Lebanon, Or.
Watches, Clods, Jewelry, Silver
o o o o o o o
the V. 8.
wt. in D
8. NariU Ob
o o o o O O o
Kulwajr men. iaj
ITVTX Hll are 1
Ik VPS' r -M A7r
Ai-yT V'Vt 1 JK JT
ki . vc. v tjcr . v-.'
The New Noble Sewing Machine and Machine Supplies.
LEBANON OREGON. "
I' B E It OF.
Done at Short Notice.
Cuff and Collar
Chains, Pins, Etc.
All IVtrk Warranted.
Ilranrht 1'ortla ad. Or
MO SPRING WAGONS.
and . Jeweler.
Plated Ware and Optical Goods.
o o o o o o o
U TH K
o o o o o o o
A CIRCUS NOVELTY.
ftoarrlptlnn of the Atnu.liiK K.ntrrlalit
meit. Olvrn at the New C'lrrn. In I'urU.
Thrj new cirrus" Is a most rfin:iikn
ble novelty. . It roinbines gymnastic
and aijiiniiffl. rt rxliilill IhiiIi riding
Biul swlmminjr. It Ih th homo of the
nii'iiniio n Wfll an of tli rontmir. In
aj)Mmmm- tho new ciri-us in like mo.t
otlitT fiifiisi-d. The ppi'ftrttor takes
Inn font on one of tho ceHcs of tit fling;
liciuiio which nrlso from tho ring to
tho oilier w nils of tho iiiiihling. Thfl
iinly M'fiili!fily to attract immciliuto
attention it tho huge coenn mnt hich
ct)-!!! tho ling in j1:ioo of tho nsmil
tan hark. Tho rogramnio in liWlcil
into thn-e part, and of thr-so the firnt
two are not unlike those In other tir-
cuses. 1 here Is a oog ncrohnt which
turns somersaults, ntnl rolls a hand.
and Miami mi his fnro-iegs on a sword,
mill fthnin dead. .There is a timvn who
exhihtts n performing pig, w hich Is rid
den by a monkey, and which jumps over
hurdles and through a paper lwp.
Therw is another clown, on whoso par-ti-eolored
ilivss you nolo tho anus of
(rent Hrltain and the United States.
A great man of tho circus performers
one sees In Kuropo nro Americans, and
tho clowns alwavs PjMak Knglish.
Tlirre h a group of performing ele
phants, Uio youngest of w hU-h wears a
clown's' hat. There is an acrobat who
hansrs bv his heels. There are tiger-
horses, exhibited by M. Loyal mighty
Pereheron horses, strangely BMttH
and ftried. There is the usual assort
ment ff riders, doing the pad act ami
tho bare-b.ick act and the manrre act.
After all these have Ik-cii won, the
ring is clean-d. The huge eocoa mat
is rolled into a long cj Under, and a
fjtieer fowr-whcelel truck 4s drawn into
th ring, astraddle of the rolled mat,
which is thi-ii strapiM-d to the truck.
All hands then pull away the truck and
its load through the entrance door and
out of sight. Thus the bare 1oard of
the ring are csl to view, and they
are seen to lm pierced with ntimlieiiess
holes. Aiiyiioniioiis glass gioe con
taiuiug a ovet-ful ch-ctrio light is next
phic! in the center of tho ring, which
is tlien cleartHt, ano it low doors aro
(iivst'd. Tlie Interested fi'ctator.
watching all these preparations, next
hears a sound 01 macliinerv. and fees
the Itonrds of the ring tremble a little
and then lo-gin to descend. There is a
sound of lwmriiis water, nod water
streams up through every hole in th
fl.Mi-in!r. In less than a mintito the
flat ring has Wen changed to a tleei
tank, the water of which is lighter! and
m de transparent bv the lanre electric
lamp, now diH'emled to tlu iHittoin
: Thi sudden transformation is rfi'e'tetl
' I- ingenious iraehin rv, which pull.
down into the swimming tank the
frame-work of the flooring of tho ring
Within the water there is udlenlv
to Im W.-U a swimming figure, and then
another and another and another be
comes visible, until there are half a
dozen who hnvo moft yiysterioiisly np-
pean-d. While the transformation is
taking place the Mvimmers are in the
water just outside f the ring ami uu
tier tho audience. As soon as the floor
nf the ring has sunk to the liotlom of
the tank, the fStvimmors. one after an
other, dive under tho cross braces and
reveal themselves in the tank. It was
Prof. Johnson ami his seven daughter,
--an English family who gave tho
aquatic entertainment on the evening
I spent at the ew Circus. A large
mattress was placed in the center of
the tank, and a Ririnsj-loard at otic
of the entrances. The gymnasts turn
ed somersaults from the spring-hoan)
tiled to land on their feet on the mat
tress, whence they might walk ashore
dry-shod over tho plank. Failing to
reach the mattress, thov were ducked
iu the Kind. It is easy to imagine what
fun the clowns make out of their aquatic
misadventures and misfortunes. Ar
thur iVnn, in Ihirprr's Young I'cojiU.
THE SHEPHERD DOG.
Klnalnra. anil Pntlrnr llin Prlnrlpte Rnln
for Ilia TralnliiR.
H ain tho pup from the tho time he is
one month old; train him to know what
you yvant him to elo, by kindness; show
him what you want done, and then
kindly but firmly keep him at his task
until ho has learned it. Fondle and
iK-t him for duty well iorforined and
tho next time ho w ill do it yvith greateT
alacrity and pleasure, lalk to linn ,V
vou wou d to a child and you will Ihj
surprised to note how well he tinder-
stands j-ou. A few lessons will servo
to teach him from vour manner tho
diflereiUH! between right ami left; "go'
and "cmo;" and "walk; "quick'
and "slow. If your pup is intelligent,
it will take only a short time to teach
him the above lessons. I have seen pups
six weeks old keep stix-k from coming
through an open gate. The shepherd pup
is much like a child; lie is a great mil
tator. I know a pup six months old
that can toll as well as his master if his
fourteen cows are in the lot at milking
time. The owner tf this pup told mo
that one evening when ho supposed the
e-ows were all in tho pup caught the
gate which ho was closing, and pulled it
open and then started on a run and
brought in another cow that had not
tieeii missed. Didn't that pup know
thirteen from fourteen? Don't. abuse
your dog. (Jive the most intelligent
pup on earth to a coarse, brutal master,
and I guarante-e ho will turn out a
worthless cur. Kindness to animals is
as much a duty as kindness to our fel
low men. It is as natural for a well
breil, intelligent Scotch shepherd elog
to work as to eat, and the only rules
for his training are to be kind, patient
and faithful in your instruction.
JUafinacliu sells Plough m a n.
The man who never committed a
folly never appreciated wisdom. IMUo
hall 'lin.et. .
THE HUMAN HAND.
A N ! Llttl. I.m-tur for Hot. nnil Olrl.
and Atn OIl rolk. Too.
Yonng people have a great deal of
trouble with their hands, and commit
many faults with them. When they go
Uhjii tho platform to Ppeak a picco,
they know not what to do with those
troub'esome and superfluous append
ages, unless some good teacher of elo
cution has told them: and then it is
loud to obey his injunction V) "let
J list, Jo let them hang quietly and
naturally by tho side most of the time.
Is very ilill'u ult for a tyro. A Imy's im-
pul p is to get hold of his coat, fumble
with his waU h-cliain, or make gestures
which add no force to his words. An
old teacher of elocution has given this
excellent rule: When vour hands
have nothing to do, do nothing with
them; let them hang."
Some Itovs, yes, and somo ffiiis, too.
have a world of trouble In keeping
their hands clean. Probably, on this
very day, in the United States, one hun
dred thousand mothers have Fpnkcn
words like these, in various to cs:
'Johnny, what dremlf til hands toeumtj
to the table w ith! (!o ami wash them,
sir, at once!" Johnny gazes ruefully
at wnat ills cider sister calls his "hor
rid paws." and wonders how they could
have acquired their dismal hue. It
t a mystery, lie started clean in
the morning; at least, he thought h
did, and he has only been to school.
let look at his hands! isia. k as a
charcoal dealer's, with units fear'nl to
behold. Many boy s wonder, nntiiratly
enough, how grown jN-opIe ki-ep their
hands clem all day without taking
much trouble about it. Itovs handle,
every thing, whether clean or dirty.
and half of them do not know how to
wash their hands, or how to wipe, them
dry. Hands well-washed and perfectly"
dried wilj keepcleAii four times as long
as hands Iialf-wa."hcd and half-dried.
Nails, too, are much more easily kept
ill goixl oilier if they are attended to
fiiMjuently and yvith care and thorou li
Many, indeed, are the fault, of tho
hands. One of the worst is )Minting the
linger of scorn at tho faults of other
Hiling the thumb was tho Italian
method of expressing contempt in tha
days of Komeo and Juliet, the tragedy
of whose lives began with their servants
biting th ir thumbs at one another. It
is with tho hands that boys pinch.
scratch, tight and Meal. Hamlet called
his hands "pickers and stealers."
But, then, what beiutiful and won
derful things tlie human hand can do!
what lovely pictures it can paint; what
enchanting music it can play; what val
iant deeds it can do: w hat kind acts it
can perform! Best of all, it can lift up
the fallen, mid welcome back to hope
and new efTort the rcM'!it'iit wanderer
from the path of rccitude. We said the
ther week. Hint knowing teachers
often judge of the quality of their pu
pils by looking at their mouths. But
the "lauds, too, have a tale to tell and
sometimes they tdl very plainly.
SMUT IN CORN.
Its Prevention KfTrrlril l Hon kin !!
SOTri In a CopHr ftilphat Solution.
Smut in corn is fast becoming a pre
vailing evil, injuring the crops and
poisoning the fodder and the cattle
which consume it. Its nnture is worth
study, so that some remcly can bo
found for it. It is a pure parasitic dis
ease, no doliot, winch atieets every pars
of the plant and is as liable to infect
the scd and .the soil as the plant itself.
In fact the evidence goes to show that
every part of the plant is infected, for
the outburst of the secl of the fungus
appears in every part, tho roots, stem.
leaves, flowers and seed being all more
or le-ss alVcetod. The soil can not
help but Iro infected by the
largo quantity of smut left upon
it in the debris of the crop
and that brought by the winds and
washed down by tlie rains from the air
in yvhich it floats. The smut of corn is
precisely like that of wheat or oats in
its prominent characteristics and dif
fers from the latter in some invisible
points only, ami tho means for evading
this which are used yvith cflect-yritli tho
smaller grains may bo used equally
w ith corn. We have lioeii experiment
ing yvith corn an hit for some years and
have found the soaking of seed in a
solution of sulphate of copper or one of
chloride of iiotash tho common muri-
ate of pot:i h used as a fertilizer has
the same effect in preventing smut in
the crop as it has with wheat and oaU.
Ar. 1'. Times.
How inconsistent most persons are!
You shoot off :t pun, a brand-iieyy ono
possibly, and you are threatened yvith
instant annihilation, but tlie same man
who thus objects will ientl a dollar
and a half and three hours at tho
theater listening to the most archaic of
w oiu-iwisi.l ;l,,ri:l l'i i'm-jij nu ,
every pun, ami next nay retail ail lie
can remember to his friends nud no
quiiinttinccs. As Colonel Ingorsoll
once remarked, there's something
wrong somewhere. PluUuldi'hia Press.
John Monroe, a young man living
with his widowed sister, Mrs. W. II.
Green, in the northern part of Georgia,
found tho other day 1,480 in gold
buried in tho cellar, money that was
laid away and lost during the war, over
twenty years ago, by Mrs. Green's hus
band. Monroo was moved merely by
impulse to dig in the cellar.
Mrs. Cignavali, the woman who
murdered her husband in New York in
order that she might marry another
man, practiced two weeks under the
instructions of her lover in order that
she might make sure of her aim when
the time"caiu3. iV. Y. Sun.
Tha Thru, Principal Period of t'.ta Great
We shall see In the course of the
present work how the life of Abraham
Lincoln divides Itself Into throe princi
pal periods, with eorresponding stages
of his intellectual development; t he first,
of about forty years, ending with his
term iu Congress; the second, of about
ten years, concluding with Ids final
campaign of political sjieech-maklng in
New York and New Lngland, shortly
Is-fore the Presidential nominations of
18(0; and the last of about five years.
terminating at his death. We have
thus far traced his career through the
3rst iieiiod of forty years. In the sev
eral stage, of frontier experience
through which he hail passed, and
which in the main but repeated the
trials and vicissitude of thousands
of other boys and youths in
the West, only so much individuality
had been developed iu hun as brought
him into tho leading class of his eon
temporaries. He had risen from
lalnircr to student, from clerk to law-:
ver, from politician to legislator.
That he had lifted himself by
healthy Ambition and unaided in-
dustir out of the station of a farm
hand, whose routine life begins and
ends in a bark-woods log-cabin, to that
representative character and authority
which seated him in the National Cap-
itel to aid in framing laws for lus coun
try, was already an achievement
that may well ls held honorably to
crown a career of forty years.
' Such achievement ami such distinc
tion, however, wt re not so uncommon
as to appear phenomenal. Hundreds
of other boys, Imni In log-cabins, had
won similar elevation in the many,
practical schools of Western public life.
Even in ordinary times there still re
mained within the reach of average In
tellects several higher grades of public
service. It is quito probable that the
superior talents of Lincoln would have
made him Governor of Illinois or given
him a term in the Lnited States isonate.
But the story of his life would not have
Commanded, as it now does, the un
flagging attention of postoriiy had
there not fallen upon his generation
the usual conditions and opportunities
brought abont by a series of re
markable convulsions In National poli
tics. If we would correctly understand
how Uncoln became, first n eonspicii
ous actor, and then a chosen leader, in
a great strife of National parties for
supremacy and power, we must briefly
study the migin and development of
the great slavery controversy in Amer
ican legislation which found its high
est activity and decisive culmination i
the single decade from 1-S50 to lUfiO.
We should greatly err, however, if we
attribntiMl the new events in Lincoln's
career to the caprice of fortune. The
conditions and opport unities of which
we speak were broadly National, and
open to all without restriction of rank
or locality. Many of his contempora
ries had seemingly overshadowing ad
vantages, by prominence and training,
to seize and appropriate them to their
own advancement. It is precisely this
careful stndv of the time which shows
by what inevitable process of se-
lection honors and labors of which ho
did not dream fell upon him; how, in
deed, it was not the individual who
gained the prize, but the paramount
duty yvhich claimed tho man. Sieolaj
and 1IJ. tn Century.
The Obaerrations of One yyho I.ooks at tha
World with Eipsriencad Eyes.
I doan belief half I hear onless it
vhas scandal. Den I belief it all, and
Dor fact dot onr neighbor can haf a
new coat while wre haf to wear our old
one vhas blenty oxeuso to hate him.
Vlien a young man who vhas oudt of
work and money und in rags comes to
vou for help, tell him "dero vhas room
at tier top." It vhas good advice und
If somebody robs mo of two cent I
vhant him arrested for dcr principle of
it. Dor sluualler der sum tier more I
stick for principle. Yon can buy a
whole car-load of it for a cent,
Vhen a man begins to pelief dot he
owns der earth, it vhas time to put-him
up for candidate for constable and let
him see how feyv admirers he has.
Vhen I meet a man who hungers to
reform der human race, 1 took notis
dot he vhas somelody who vhas tired
of honest labor, or he vhas scart out of
a wicked career by dcr police.
Vhen I goes into a grocery and see
der sign dot honesty vhas der best
policy, I doau' buy some coffee dere.
It vhas sure to be half chicory.
If yvc lose a dollar on der shtreet we
vhas madt jxH-ause der finder vhas not
j umoiit enough to return it. If we find
j flfo dollar we feel dot der owner ought
to lose it for his carelessness.
If you gif someptxly advice find out
how he believes, nnd den make
your advice to agree yvith it, Der man
whose advice tloan tally mit our
opinions vhas no good.
I doan shudge a Christian man by
dcr length of his prayers or der loud
ness of his song. Der question vhas if
he pays his tlcbts und keeps his hens
mit his oyy-n yard.
If yve vlias in der coal peesness und
giving eighteen hoonercd pounds for a
Aon, yve keep an eye on der wood man
dot he gifs full measure nut his wood.
If I vhas a good man I like to half
der fact kept off my tombstone. Der
graveyard critic gifs nopoby I'redit,
Anticipation vhas a big dinner which
we eat up und shtill feel hungry all
o:;fer. Detroit Free Press.
Steam pipes, by a local ordinance.
must be kept at a distance of three
inches from any woodwork, in San
Z3 WONDERFUL TOWERS
oma of tha Moat ItataarkaMe Mructures
ot tha Kind tn tha World.
The ancient city of Pisa. Italy, Is fa
mous for Its lofty and magnificent
structures, Rome of which have Very in
teresting stories. None of them, how
ever, is so wonderful as the celebrated
leaning tower. This building was
commenced in 1174 by a Pisan archi
tect, named Bon aim a, by William of
Iniispruck. It Is of cylindrical form.
one hundred ana, seventy-inno leei
high, fifty feet in diameter, and leans
twelve feet nine Inches from the ier
pendicular. It consists of eight stories.
each of which has an outside gallery
projecting from it. From the summit.
which is reached by several hundred
steps, a beautiful and extensive view
may I e had of the surrounding coun
try. The misconstruction was discov
ered before the tower was finished, and
the upper tiers yvere so shaped as to
partly counteract the areutation. At
the top of the tower seven immense
bells were so placed, as by their
eight, to counterbalance the leaning
of the tower.
The highest tower In the world Is at
Cremona, in Northern Italy, It is three
hundred and ninety-six feet high. It
was begun in 1223, and the bells which
are in it were cast in 1678. An astro
nomical clock, made in the year 1.094,
Is placed in the third story.
The i lorentine campanile was com
menced in 1334. by Giotto, the great
painter, architect and scn'ptor. He
commenced the erection of the tower
with the determination to surpass all
th ancient structurei of this kind, both
in height antl in rit4mess of design.
But Giotto, having died in 1336, the
tower was completed by Taddeo Gaddi,
Its height is two hundred and seventy
sis feet, and it is divided into four tiers.
It is of equal dimensions from bottom
to top, and is built on the Italian Goth
ic style. On the basement floor there
are two rows of tablets in relief; they
are the work of Giotto. There arc also
many beautiful statues on the upper
tier. It w as the original design of
Giotto to have a fpire surmount the
present tower, and the columns which
were to support it may still be seen on
the Uip of the building.
The famous tower known asGiralda,
is situated at Seville, Spain, 'lids tower
when originally built by Phillip Gue
vara, the Moor, was only two hundred
and fifty feet high. But in 1568 a mag
nificent lielfry one hundred feet hij;h
was added, and it is now the scco d
highest in the world.
The campanile was called Giralia.
because of the brazen weathercock in
ita top storv. Although the figure
weighs a ton and a half, it Is easily
turned by the wind. It is said that a
very fine campanile was situated at
Salisbury, England. It is supposed to
have been two hundred feet high, and
was probably- destroj etl by Sir Thomas
Wyatt. the younger, white leading an
insurrectionary mob. Louisville (Ay.)
Some -Mitigating Circumstances.
"See here, Jones, I want to talk to
you a moment," said an Austin philan
thropist; "don't you know yon are not
doing your duty by your children in not
sending them to school? That's not
the way a fond father should treat his
"Well, now, I don't know about that,"
replied Jones. "I don't believe you
fully realize what you are talking about.
Now, I have a brother whose oldest son
was sent up for two years for horse
stealing, and the judge, in sentencing
him, said that his ignorance and lack of
early education were strong mitigating
circumstances in the case; and instead
of making the sentence ten years, which
he would have done had the boy never
received any education, he would only
make it two. Now, do you suppose I
am going to rob my boys of those miti
gating circumstances that have already
been such a bonanza in the family?
No, sir; before I do, I hope my rigtit
arm will cleave to the roof of my
mouth!" Texas Sipings.
Toothsome Boiled Bread.
A writer in a housekeeping journal
affirms that bread can be boiled instead
of baking it and with far less heat of the
range. The new method consists
mainly in steaming the dough instead
of cooking it in the oven. It is claimed
that this is a great invention, as it
saves the time and experience neces
sary to get the oven to the right heat
for baking, which has always proved
the great obstacle to baking at home.
The utensils required are simply these:
First a tin mould, or camp-kettle, in
which the dough is placed after it has
been mixed with the usual ingredients
water, yeast, sugar and suit and
secondly, a larger tin saucepan, into
which the mould fits. The waU'r in the
outer saucepan is allowed to boil aronnd
the tin mould for two or three hours,
the lids of both utensils being kept
closely elown and at the end of that
time the loaf may be turned out. It
will be found firm, solid and palatable,
with all the qualities of good bread.
A'. Y. World.
The Presbyterian General Assem
bly, of England have forwarded a pe
tition to Queen Victoria praying for
protection to their mission work in the
New Hebritle3. It is pointed out that
the missionaries have been successful
in civilizing a large portion of the peo
ple of the New Hebrides. Nearly
180,000 ha been expended in carry
ing on tho work, in which sixteen mis
sionaries and over one hundred native
teachers and evangelists are engaged.
The mission has made 9,000 converts
to Christianity while 50,000 natives had
been more or less civilized.