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About The Springfield news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1916-2006 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 10, 1918)
fllUIlSDAYi OCT. 10, 19X8
, f. ; TH1 SPRINQPH
u:.-- . - ..,.... . .. "... " - ii ii - hi ii 1 .n.i. i in ii
Till orJvltNUFMBUU niWC - , . . "" n
FrmemStockiitcii and Dairyman
CoplcB of several now and Important
bulletins from tho U. S. Department
of Agriculture' have toon received by
jj s. Uobo, Cointy Agricultural Agont
These buWlns are for free dUtrlbu
tlon and an bo obtained by wrlttng or
phoning trie office.
No 974itCleiirln8 UndS Tho bullo
tin treats', of tho methods ,ot clearing
land that ..have proved successful in
tho cut-fifer sections of tho United
States, jlow to bum stumps, discus
sion of various) types of stump pullers,
and tho best methods of. pasturing
stump land to keep down 'sprouts.
No. 524 Manual on Laylno Tile:
This bulletin will answer many of tho
questions frequently asked about tho
kind of tllo to use. Tho system to
plan, laying the tile, costs and beno
fits, etc ,
No. 37 Raspberry Culture: This
is a 42-pagd bulletin and discusses all
phases of berry culture. It Is an ex.
cellent treatise on this subject.
No. 921 Llmlna Soils: Effects. of
lime and what should not ho expected
The following bulletins, the supply
of which has been exhausted several
times, aro now available again at the
No. C01 "How to Get Iltd of Lice
and Mites, on Poultry."
No. 840 "Sheep Raising."
No. 074 "Hog Kalslng.
No. 496 "Raising Rabbits."
No. 447 "Bees."
Sell the Surolus Rooste
Every farmer should dispose of his
surplus male birds as broilers, or else
caponlze them, says W. A. Lipplncott,
professor of poultry husbandry at tho
Kansas State Agricultural College.
Early broilers bring fancy prices. In
forcing them it should be remembered
that the quickest gains are also the
The feeding of broilers may be di
vided into three periods growing,
forcing and fattening. The growing
period usually lasts four weeks. A
regular growing ration dodd ta fed
until the chicks aro well established
and past the critical stage.
The length of the forcing period is
Wable! Tke ration differs from that
of the first by carrying Jrgr Pto-
torn if nosslble tho in-
about by adding cottage cub,
. ,. . 0ntr the meat scraps.
TTmuW pn7eln causes digestive dts-
"STfattenlng period is generally of
davs duration. Tne
Ume ot feeding depends upon how long
the chicks "stand-up" to me
i.i. lnstne their appetite
to case the broilers aro not intended
In case tne uruucio . -
for crivate trade they should not be
- - . j .... rwl enm f ed
milk fed. but penned up and corn fed
for a period of two or tnruu
They will then bo in good shape for
milk feeding at the packing house.
Clean the Potato Cellar
Producing a disease free crop of po
tatoes and storing them In a cellar
that has not been renovated or disin
fected is false economy. To prevent
a loss occurring after the potatoes
havo been stored, get rid of every bit
of vegetable matter in the storage cel
lar, sweep and brush the cellar until
it is clean, then give it a thorough
dose of fungicide, either gas or spray.
Formaldehyde gas is quickly and
For each one thousand' cubic feet of
space use ton ounces of formaldehyde
and five ounces of potassium perman
ganate. Pour tho formalin over the
permanganate in a deep container be
cause the gaB Ib given off at once.
If lt Is found these chemicals aro
too exfoenslve, a Bordeaux mixture of
5-5-50 strength will do tho work. It
may be applied with a hand spray,
pump or. broom. It Is effective when
ftinmuirhiv used and does not co?t
Prenarlnn for Fall
Thetgreatest success in tho winter
Is obtained, when the fowls are prop
erly managed In the fall.
When hens are taken off the range
nnd nof longer secure a variety of feed,
they often cease producing eggs. Be
fore winter begins the poultryman
Bhould' aim to store a supply of food
that wlil keep his hens in laying con
dition.!. It thqi condition of summer could be
create-In winter, the hons would lay
well all tho Ume, What are those
conditions, Exercise, green food and I
a ,v&rty, Then hens not only havo
grain Jn summor, but also worms.
Beads and grass. It Ib impossible to
find worms and green food In wlpter,
but there Js something for tho hen be
sides grain all tho time. Grain is the
beat general food that can bo given In
tho winter, but used exclusively it will
not mako hensjay.
During the fall a few cabbages, tur
nips and refuse potatoes shit Id bo
placed whore they may be had it " enl
cntly for winter Sumdy. rTlie uso of
finely cut clover, scalded with a mess
of chopped meat" two or threo times a
week, will afford n variety.
When tho trees beglu to drop their
loaves rako up and store for scratch
Ing litter for hens tn wintor; also havo
n largo supply of dirt put away. Tako
any flock of lions, glvo them warm
Quarters, fcod other fooda with grain,
keep them constantly at work undor
shelter, and they will lay. It is Idle
ness In tho winter that causes nons
to becomo too fat, and loadB them' to '
...... . t
become addicted to egg
How to Clean Dairy Utensil
milk comes from tho utensils, such as
cans, linns, siruiuurs, wuiuia, uuu ttvy ,
uniiu(at nuii;i uuiu uui uuu ihuiiuwj
cleaned. The University of Missouri
College of Agrlculturo rccommcndB tho
following method for cleaning tho
dairy utensils: 1. Rinse In luko warm
water as soon after uso as possible,
2. Wash In hot water containing wash
ing powder which will remove greaso.
3. Rlnso in clean hot water and placo
In llvo steam fifteen seconds, drain
and placo right side up until steam
evaporates. On tho farm where steam
Is not available, sunning will-give ef
fective results. Drying should not be
done with a cloth, but by heating tho
utensila In stcntn or nn oven su (II-1
Invert In a clean protected placo when
In any decayed or docaylng organic
matter in tho soil, grass roots, leaves,
stubble or straw wo have what Is
called humus. Its nctlon on the In-1
organic 'elements make them available :
as piani iouu. ica uuiuus is uuueu
in sufficient quantity the tilth of tho
soil Is Improved, making it lighter and
more friable, thus decreasing the labor
- . . . i . . . . i i .1 i .
necessary, for tillage. Humuo absorbs
ind hell's water to a greater extout
han rther soil ing-i'dients and besides
It binds the loose particles or sandy
and gravflly solln. rendering thru
more retentive ot moisture end plant
These are Important facts for the
farmer and gardner to concldcr, es
pecially tn the semi-arid sections.
where the soils arc generally deficient
In humus that Is, decaying vegetable
matter. The value of barnyard ma
nure on such soils Ib much greater
than can be measured by chemical
Raise More Rye -
A crop that Is not fully appreciated
by the farmers of tho Pacific North
west Is rye. It makes a hardy crop
and will grow on tho poorest of land.
It makes good winter and spring pas-
iiuiu uuu ii duwu emi cuuufeu luuaco
good faU pa8ture- lt la niB0 a g00j
1 ... . ... . -
early spring soiling crop and makes a
fair quality of hay if cut in bloom or
before and lt sells at good priceB and
makes one of the best of beddings for
cattle and horses. As a green ma
nure crop for turning under In early
spring lt Is par-excellent. While lt
does not add nitrogen to the soil as do
the legumes, it does make a great deal
of humus and. most imnortant of all.
improves the texture ot wornout soils.
A practice quite common and one that
has proved successful is to sow rye in
tho corn at the time or "laying by" or
sowing on the stubble after tho corn
is cut and then be plowed under in the
spring and thereby add numus to tho
soil. Morp and more are the farmers
of the Northwest appreciating the
value of the rye crop as a staple oni
and more ground should be seedo-l
this coming season to rye.
Variety of Food for Swine
There are a good many reasons why
the feeding ot a variety of food to the
pig will produce a greater gain per
pound ot nutriments than any single
feed. All experiments also Indicate
that while a certain measure of bulky
food is advantageous, a pig needs somo
concentrated food to make the most
raDld and nrofitnble gains. In a state
of nature we una that tno wna nog.
from which our domesticated breeds
. . . . . .
of swine have originated, is an om-
nlvorous feeder; that Is, he will eat
anything and everything that is edible
-nuts, grain, fruits, roots, fungi In-
sects, rotten wood worm., mice, .lead
sorts and snakes. Tho teoth are
adapted to the grinding of grain and
tne (earing of nosh. This shows that
the natural food is hereditary to such
a degree that it leaves Its impress op
the character of the teeth. There Is
no doubt that feeder sometimes mako
a profit feeding hogs on a elnglo kind
of grain; that hoga will llvo and grow
on pastures alone, but In either case
the profit Is leee, the measure ot food
per pound Is greater and tho time
much longer than where there Is a va
rloty in tho ration.
Care for Brood Sow
The contents of your pocketbook
will bo governed by how you treat
your brood sow in tho fall and winter.
She may koop warm during tho day
whllo standing bn tho sunny elda of
tho barn, and bo might ypu, but you
want a good, warm placo to sleep itt
night, and so does aho. If she Is put
In a damp, cold bed of straw or shucks,
how miserable her nights will bo.
Glvo her a good, warm, dry bed, a
woll-protccted placo to sleep In, and
she will show lior thankfulness to you
In tho quantity and quality of her lit-
tor. Besides, mako all tho doors' sho
must enter wido enough to glvo her
. 1 .. ...... .Dr....
easy Incress and egress. Xovor allow
hor to drag herself oyer bars shortly
boforo sho Is to farrow. It Is necea.
snry to food hor woll, but our export'
onco has proved that It is not bent to
i0t her run In tho fattening pen. Sho
will UQ ruiueu lor urecuuiB Hiri'-'o,
(and is very api iu iiv uii xiur uubiiihi.
Feed her slops and a variety of grain, !
. . ... . . ... . 1
but be carerut not to rotten nor.
Sweet Apples Saves 'Sugar
Sweet apples may bo utilised to save
1 sugar during tho proscnt season nc-j
I . . u. . r t 1 1 .... 1 i
coming to tno ueparuncni oi numtvw
turo, Qhlo Experiment Station. Swewt '
apples may bo used In a limited way
for a number of culinary purposos, can-'
nlng and making of buttors, and will ,
require very llttlo sugar for baking
: . . . i
uaKcu sweet appics may uu uuu in,:
i , , . ,,,.,. nnn, , s
placo of tho more oxpensho applo pie.
Old orchards frequently havo a nrgo
tinmtin. nt awAnt nnnln trorn and tho
fruit In formor years was generally
disregarded, allowed to .waste, or was
ted to livestock. Tho scarcity ot sugnr ,
will make It profitable to use tho,
awect apples now. In the past, too,!
sweet appics were regarded as p0s-!
sesslng but llttlo value for cooking
ni1 th,P ..ikinir nUiiitloa
Vmlnf(Aa nf nirMtt nTTllPI rCPOlD !
mended for kitchen uso ace Sweet (
. i l . r..HHnn Tl .i linn
UOUga, UUlUeil OnGt, .IIUUSUU, UiUtW;
Qtroat Tntmnn Pnmiiise. and Dentlv. 1
these being named In order of their .
appearance throughout tho season. w"""" , ""
vv tlons arc to bo destroyed or enslaved
. , iso Gcnnnny may gain. Women nro
Rabbits and Mice Orchard Pests I Germnny.B prcrt children nro spoils of
Rubblts nnd field mice are two otWar Go1 Knvc aermnny tho Hohen
the most dangerous rodentc that or- rollern and together they nro destined
cbardlsts will find necessary to com-1 to rule Europe nnd, eventually, tho
h rinrinf rhn fnii nnit winter season . world thus reasons tho kaiser.
according to tho Department of Hortl-
culture at tho Ohio Experiment Stu-t
tlon. Last winter's severo com am
. , .1 .,,.. I
not destroy as many of these rodcnU ,
as was generally expected; the loss
due to these pests too was consider
ably hlgher.than in former years
muij - 1
adopted in many orchards of tho state,
t -ii tun nn. , hnorl frnm 1 !
to 2 inches, away from young trees
. . , . i .ir.ii.n fn!nnspd and dono by n modern govern-
leavinc a uarriur ui uui m
dealing with field mce. These ro
dents work ""under grass almost en
tirely but make passageways through
exposed patches. This will keep the
field mice from working at the most
I exposed root portions of young trees.
Coal cinders may be used as a Bur
rounding barrier of tho Uee; they
should cover all the ground within an
18-inch radius from tho trunk and to
a depth ot two Inches.
A protector extending tround the
trunk made of wire netting with a one
fourth inch mesh and 24 inches in
height Is effoc'ivo in keeping rabbi ti)
from gnawing tho bark of apple trees.
Tho protector should extend into tho
ground for several inches and be kept
on until the trees are 5 years old.
Rodents often do much damage during
September so that protection provided
now may savo much, orcnardists say.
Will Raise Potato Yield
Selecting seed potatoes from hills
that have resisted disease, show no
weaknesses, aro true to type and yield
high, Ib mentioned as one of the par
ticular points, to be observed at dig
ging time, by officials at the Ohio Ex
periment Station. Continued selec
tion from high yielding bills will mako
It porslblo to Increase the productivity
of a variety.
An experiment at the Ohio station
shows that a gain of 55 was found
In the crop from seed chosen from
tho hlchest-yieldlng oyer that from
h( jowe8t.yIeIdlnB h,llfl.
. , .... ,
lane? two ycare oi niu boiucuuii m
I ' ..
Um I. necessary to
litl'-F-i'eta! ratataea haa been started.
Quall'T. freedom from disease and
yle'Sing ability wHl bo fltcossary .con-
ufrlamHnna in ntn)i VAnra Kn1nct!nn.
Chambcrlaln'c Cough Remedy
After many years' experionco In tho
uso qf it and other cottgh modlclnea,
thero aro many who protor Chamber
lain's to any othor. Mrs. A. C. Kir-
stein, GreenylHe, Ills., writes, "Cham
berlain's Cough Romody ha3 beon used
in my mother's homo and mine for
years, and wo always found it a quick
cure for colds and bronchial troubles.
Wo find it to be the most reliable
cough medicine wo have used."
Decomo a Btockholder in tho United
States buy War Savings Stamps,
IN GERMAN MIND
Trtachtry, Murdir, Barbarity,
, 'Anything, Praiseworthy If tor
Abominable System That Mutt Ba
Overthrown If tho' World Is to Be
Worth Living In, Ftcgardlcsa
of the Cost
This I have seen. I could not
bellevo It unless I had seen It
through and through. For sev
cral weeks I lived with It; I
went all about It and buck of It:
Inildo and out of It was shown T
to me until finally I came to X
realise that tho Incredlblo was T
A . , . . I. , I
irue. ii is monstrous, u uu- m-
IMnLaKlo hll It !(. It Ib h
tho Prussian system F. C Wal- $
At a conforenco of Held men of tho
United States food ndmlnlstrntlon held
In Wnshlngton, F. O. Wnlcott plcturotl
conditions ns ho hnd found them In
tho countries Invaded by German
nrms. Mr. Wnlcott served with Mr,
TlnnviT on tho Itolclutn rt'ller coinmia-
- :. i .
on when tlIs nation wna attempt'
stnrvlnir clvlllnn non-
u,nUon flf llclBlnnu VoXnmX nm, north.
.,. i... i...,"!
crn franco, xn ins nuurew u
pictured such conditions ns ho sold ho
could not believe unless ho lmd peon
tho situation through and through, ""'i
hnd lived with It for weeUa. Ho
showed these terrible conditions to bo
o result of dellberuto plans on he,
"Such is tho Germnn mind ns it
wns illsrloKod to mo In scvernl weeks'
- . . ...1.1. tnMnH nf llm slnff
Tn-atles nro scraps of pnper, It they
n n I ... m rii.AiAtinptf la
IUMUIT UVIUKIU UIUITi A,V4.,iv.J
condoned' and nrnlsed. If It falls In
with German Interest. Men, lands,
' "Coolly, deliberately, officers of tho
Germnn Ftnff, permeated by thls raon-
tlonn lzatlnn of peopled, the destruc
Qf jho'undota,, pf other
dTHUoi, for Qcrmnny's account.
In all tho world such a thing has
never uecxx e iiuinuu uuuu
barbarians, the tiling would bo Incrcd-
IMn Ttm mtnit rnn smrcclv CRISD
the fact thnt these things arc pro-
ment professedly n Christian govern
ment In the family of civilized na
This system hns got to bo rooted
out If lt takes everything In tho
wnrld. If It takes everyone of us. this
abomination must bo overthrown. It
must be ended or the world Is not
worth llvlnir In. 'No matter how long
It takes, no matter how much It costs,
we must endure to tho end with ngon-
ized France, with Imperiled Hritnin,
with shattered Belgium, with shaken
"We must hope that Germany will
have n new birth ns Russia la being re
born. Wo must pray, as wo fight
agnlnst the evil that is In Germany,
that the good which Is In Germany
may somehow prevnll. We must trust
that In tho end n Germnny really great
with the strength of n wonderful rnco
may find Us placo ns ono of tho broth
erhood of nations In the new world
that Is to be.
"The responsibility of success or
fniinro mstn now unon our shoulders:
tho eyes of tho world nro hnxlously
watching us. Are we going to dc uum
to riBCto the emergency, throw off our
Inefficiency, and prove that democracy
Is safe for the wprld?"
In the above statement Mr. Wnl-
ft has described a condition that
must be changed if America, If tho
world, Is to remain a "lit piaco jo
llvo In." And the only wny by which
thlB chnnge can bo effected is tho de
feat of German arms in mis wnr.
Nothing good, nothing but evil, cap
ttm nil t of Germany, so long as tho
German people nro controlled by n
military autocracy, nna ine ucrmuu
people ennnot be mode to realize th.is
mtu thin nutocracy Is crushed, Tho
eplrit of militarism that has made of
the Germans a rcnucr nnu n rauraw
nation must lie utterly crushed If tho
world Is to remain free, nnd to nccom
niiiih thlH those of us who cannot fight
In Franco must lend our support to
jour men who are fighting for us.
FLIER IS MADE CHEVALIER
Guynemer's Friend and Pupil Has
seven viciuiico m
recently made n chevalier of
the Legion of Honor, following hlH
seventh ofllclally recorded ncrlnl vic
tory, was the intlmnto friend aud pupil
Ho uccompanlea uuyneraer cepiem
ber 11, 1017, when tho latter met Ida
fato. Ills ono thought wince, It is as
serted, hns been to nvengo the great
nee. Ono of tho new chevnller's feats
was to shoot down threo planes in four
hours. He was a cavalryman umu
transferred to tho air service,
WOMEN AND THE
within alx months after the UiiltM
Statos entorod tho war, tho Y. W. 0.
A. Wnr Work Council had established
girls' ciuu near
mora than forty
of tho can toil
nnd navy ynrda.
A Irnlntd recrea
tion lunilor was
placed lu charge
o t each club
X h o o workers
efforts of tho lo
If those nlready
exist. Where tho
Idea Is new tho
ctub centers, or
ganize tho girls,
and arouse them
ti) a Kcnso of their responsibility In
this tlmo of great oxcltomunt and con
fusion, No scolding of girls fur unwUo ni.
t.'.ons and no solomu tlngor-ihuklug oc
curs In tho clubs, Instead or dwelling
on whul not to do, thoao wlso leaden
urgo real patriotism. All sorts of pro
Jocts nro suggested thnt nro mora In
lercstlng than tho dubious and danger
ous pleasures which appeal to the la
uorant and tho thoughtless. At
parties, for Instance, theso wily chnpor
ones, whom no ono over thinks of as
Huporvjsors, arrango that thore shall
always bo twice as many Boldlers n
girls. "Twoolng" Is utterly Impossible
whoro there aro not enough girls tc
go around 1
Club loadors do not attempt to ban
ish tho gallant soldier entirely fiom
tho girls' world; they wish pnly to
bring him down from glorified holghtx
of glamour to take his placo ns an
ovory-day hero, subjoct to tho same
scrutiny as othor men.
Instruction nnd relief work nro not
neglected. Among tho activities of
fered aro dressmaking, cooking, knit
ting, French, athlotlcs, dicing, slnR
inir itifi Cross work. Relclan relief.
unit u-nrk for tho ftttlOtlOM children
of Franco. Tho world contains a num-
i.or nf thlncs besides soldiers for a
girl's Imagination to dwell upon.
Hundreds of Clllbfl for SCbOOl Ml
hiitnn clrlii all over tho country are
offering plcaanter recreation than
tho gaily lighted streets anu tne sua
"r lmvfs n nlico now to BDcnd my
evenings," said a telophono girl In
Waukcgan, Illinois, to tho club leader.
I wan nn lonely before you came."
Emergency homing for employed
oii-ia u closely connected with tho
moro general welfare work. Contors,
teloctod on tho basis of Immediate
need, havo been chosen, as demonstra
tion g-ounds to show enployors how
Jrl employees should bo housed.
Ready to Cook in
Just the touch of a match and
your New Perfection Oil Cook
Stove is ready for cooking. No
waiting for the fire to burn up.
Easier to operate than a coal or
wood stove: No smoke or odor;
no dust or dirt. Bakes, broils,,
roasts, toasts, all the year round,
All the convenience of gas. And a
cool kitchen in summer,
In 1, 2, 1 tail 4 burntr riicf, with
or without ovem or cablnitt. Atk
your dctlir tody.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
OIL COOK -STOVE
M. C. BRESSLER & SON
If you like this issue of the Spring
field News, send u $1.50 for
year's subscription. It is one of the
few good things in life worth wfiile.
By MRS. HENRY P. DAVISON
TrcAiW War Work Council I
National .Hoard Y. W,,C, A.
Thoio conlora aro near tho canton
Tim Human of Hoc ml Moral ty is nn
Imnnrtnnt fnittliro of tint Wnr Work
Council's program' undfer. tho present
abnormal condition. Thai Igjioranco
Is ho Mtiloltl to n girl Is well Known to
Its members. Initond, U Is hor gravest
peril. Any nUimtloii shrouded In mys
torv In dntiuurous. womon can deal
only wits what thr understand. A
true nodal morality muil bo built on
a foundation of knowledge, and bo
Insplrod by high alms.
Faurtcun women physicians aro
talking to groups of pnronts, school
lrls, nnd Industrial women. Thoso
locturors bend their bast efforts ts
spreading Information on social Ideals.
Colored women at this tlmo must
moot all tho problems confronting
white women. Their, situation In fur-;
II .l 1... MH.t
inur cuiupucaicu vj iiuiuairiHi uuu
social conditions, Qpocl&l clubs aro
bolug formed among colored girls In
tho neighborhood of cantonments.
Workers aro being placed In Industrial
'enters lllco Ixmlsvlllo, Kentucky, ana
Inimlurnnt men who formorlr la
'jorod In mlnos, on farms, and in.fuo-
ones, nnu now servo in our army aro,
hemiielvuH, lu need ot , ncsistnnco.
orclrii men marry young nnd many,
iven of iho voiinir ones, havo lareo
fnmlllni dotiondent unon them. I!o-
-auso of theso hnlpless fomlllvs, the
war Work Council has translator
who go Into tho camps.
Tho nctivltlos of tho War Work
Council could not bo confined to our
own country. Our American nurses
In Franco need tho Y. W. 0. A. social
worltors. Even tho most solf-rotlnnt
women must hnvrahnlp at tho front
whoro women's woTaro Is a matter of
iilnnr Imnoitanco. A central club III
Paris gives hard-worked, courageous
nurses a homo In a strange land.
Fininrh cluhi at all of tho baso hoinl-
mis provide relaxation and recreation
for hours off.
Whtm the French women cabled to
lm War Work Council, nlradlne for
experts to advlso thorn In establish-
,n foyor-cantcens for women workers
.n munitions and other war industries,
aport wcro sent over to have ovr
light of the building and equipping of
some ot tho canteas and act as ad
visor to French committees.
A professionally solemn-faced but
lor in one ot the beautiful homes
whero a drawing-room meeting waa
bolng held stood where he heard the
stories ot the War Work Council's
plans and accomplishments. After
tho guests had gono he approached the
speaker with two one-dollar bl)s. "I
clvo them for my daughter." he said.
"I am subjoct to the next draft Whon
I am gone someone must look after my
llttlo Kir! I fool tho War Work Coun
cil wiu do it-
A Krw Perfection OU
Cook Btor until
kltthta to ml oft and
co n vtnltace. Atk y our
liltnd who fcai out.
Ultd la J.W0.QM
ty la optrat. 9m
them it your dlr
t 11 ,