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About The Lane County news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1914-1916 | View This Issue
THE LANE COUNTY NEWS
OUR PUBLIC FORUM
Editor and Manager
Published Every Monday and Thursday by Uic Lano County Pub
3 ' llshlng Association. h
, , ItATES OP SUBSCRIPTION.
One Year $1.60 Six Months .75 Throo Months
Advertising Kates Furnished on Application.
Member of tho Stato Editorial Association.
Member of tho Willamette Valloy Editorial Association.
And Remember to Cot a Stop-Ovor for Springfield.
SPRINGFIELD, OREGON MONDAY SEPTEMBER 13, 191G.
QAUSES OF BUSINESS DEPRESSION.
The lumber industry Tike all othorssufTers In Oregon and
Washington from tho same cause as other Industries too
much state regulation and thereby making operations uncer
tain. Continual changes of laws affecting' employment and In
vestment to gether with national and International conditions
puts business ventures under a handicap that has a paralyzing
Any investment of an industrial nature, from a sawmill
to a new railroad, takes a long chance on development of busi
ness, and business men fear to move forward and capital
They find obstacles in the way of employment of labor,
and new obstacles threatening and are reluctant to branch
out, while the activities of the State and yellow journals are
all negative. ,
Capital is piling up in the banks, and while some lines of in
dustry have been stimulated by the war, declaration of peace
would remove that and then new experiments in political sur
The constant activities of the State Labor Commissioners
in Oregon and Washington are to hamper industries instead
of helping tjiem onto their feet in times when they need en
couragement. Public improvements, the railroads and public utilities are
great factors in making demand for lumber and timber pro
ducts, but they are universally attacked by the state activities.
The Labor Commissioners have been busy arresting
contractors for violations of the eight-hour law, when that
law was voted down by the people in both states.
' The result is suspension of public work and this in turn
affects other industries and keeps down the payrolls.
The people can no longer be trusted to buy wood of each
other without the services of a state sealer of .weights and
The railroad companies, steamship companies and nearly
all the organizations that employ men are teaching morals
these days. And it is the kind of instruction that is most
effecive. It is not because men of money have any special love
for their fellow, men, or feel philanthropic thrills and a desire
to benefit humanity. It is business. It is because a better
class of employes is wanted. The big railroad companies have
placed a ban on habitual cigarette smokers. There are no
places for them. Those in the employ of the company who
make a practice of smoking cigaretts will not be retained.
"Because," said a railroad official, "the habitual cigarette
smoker is almost sure to be more or less color blind." One
good thing that can be said of the present system of trade
competition is that it has raised the standard of men, and the
time is coming when only the clean-limbed, bright-eyed, well
developed and well-equipped man can secure or hold a posi
tion of trust. It is possible for all men to be good. It is prob
able that mdfe1 men will be good when the lash of necessity
stings themfCT such is the way of the world. Hamilton,
.(Mont.) Penujbllcan. .
!"ra THE GOVERNOR'S WARNING
-fit f(3rants Pass Daily Courier.)
4 Governor Withycombe issues a warning to tho delegates
who are td attend' the Oregon "and California land grant con
- ference to be"held at Salem radicalism as the Pinchotism that
tied up, fifty per cent of the acreage of Josephine county, in
common with scores of other western counties, in reserves
must be steered clear of. The convention will undoubtedly
favor the putting of the lands into the hands of the people and
upon the tax roll at the earliest possible moment. For 50 years
they have been held as a reserve by the railroad company, and
Bhould they now be put into a government reserve the situa
tion will be much aggravated. They have yielded something
in taxes in the past, but in Uncle Sam's reserve they will
become an expense for administration. Tho best interests o
those communities in which the lands are situated must he
the keynote of the convention. Unfortunately, all the meeting
can accomplish will be to indicate to congress the desire of
. ilia Hof !- fi ff nif rwl mnof -
TAXES AND WHO PAY THEM
There is always more or less discussion regarding taxes
and what class of property pays the greater per cent of them.
W Johnson Mall
' New AoHiMiirnATiCM OjttcxMfr UtrQ
THE "GREATER OREGON"
With new liiillillncH, better equipment, en
Inrceil cruumU, mill many mlilltloim to Itn
fucultr.the UiiUemUr f Oreeun will unci n ltt
furl l th rear, Tuewlur, Nejiteinber 14. 101 15,
Hperlul trainlne In Commerce, Jniirnnllnin,
Architect ure, Law. Medicine. Teaching Libra
ry Work, ilunlc, l'liylcal Trulnluir mill I'lne
Art. I.ari:eumifttroiii; department of Llbor
Library of morAthun 00,000 volume, thir
teen building fully equipped, two upleudlil
Tuition I'ree. Dormltorie for men and for
Women. Kxpente Loweit, v t
Write for free tataloc,ndilreiiliic lletlitrur
'UNIVERSITY OF OREGON
KUOKNK, OUKflON '
R. P. Schwerin
On tho Soaihon'o Bill
Tho ATooriVnn rtowmon nro Interested In rcn com
mcrco. It (s uxponnlvo and HKowUo humiliating to havo
to enhito n forolpn flnjr. ovory tlmo n farmer wnntB to ihlp
a hushol of wluttt, a halo of cotton or n pound of farm
productB across the ocean. Tho American farmer In en
titled to tha protection of hla Ann In acmllnc hla nrotlurta
across tho son, ntul CoiiRro.ia should rIvo such oiicoumko
mont to shliipiiiR Interests na In neewsury to meet foreign
competition In ocean commerce. A recent Mil known nc
the Sonnmn'fl Hill hoenmo a law under tho rroaldont'5
slRiinturo and Mr. it. I Schworln, vlco-prcatdant of tho
rncino Mail Stiantshln CCmpnny. when naked to ttafltiti
this law and out lino ita offoct upon American ntcamshlp
"Tho bill provides that no slu;i of any nationality shall be permitted' to
dopart from any port of tho Unin-I States unltuva sho ha en board h crew
not less than aeventy-flvo per conn m of which, In each department thereof.
Is nblo to understand any order Kien by the offleera of such vessel, nor
uuless forty per centum In tho, first ear, forty-five per centum In th aecoml
year, fifty per centum In thp third enr, flftjMlvo per centum In the fourth
year after tho paaanso of this Act. and. thoronfter Rlxty-flvo psr centum of hor
deek crew, exclusive of licensed o:icera nud upprontlcoa, nro of ti ratlins not
less than able seamen.' .
"Tho oversea trado of tho world Is competitive, thereforo tho original
cost of tho ship and tho operation of the ship havo to be reckoned with In
tho keen competition of these rhal nations with ono another. Tho Oriental
sailor Is obedient and competent and Is Iho cheapest sailor In tho world.
It Is thereforo manifestly clear that If this law applied to all nationalities
In tho transpacific tralllc, all would bo on tho same economic basis, but It
works a slnslo hardship to all the ships ot tho world, except tho Japanese
and American ships, and with the latter It worka two hardships. With tho
European, tho cost of constructing a Bhlp Is no hlshor than tho cost of con
structing a Japanese ship, but If they had to provide European crews, while
tbo Japanese operated with Japanese crews, the condition of competition i
would bo such that they could not overcouto tho handicap and thoy would bo 1
driven off. Hut tho American ship would have to contend not only wltlf tho 1
tremendous Increase of cost of wage In tha substitution of tho European crow i
for tho Chlneso crew, but also tho greater Initial cost ot the ship. Aa tho
Japaucso havo now dono away with their European oniccrs and Jnpancso i
crows, nil of whom speak a common language, thero Is no difficulty for thuni !
to comply with all the conditions ot tho bill and continue their Jnpancso ,
crows, with Oriental wages.
"Tho law, therefore. Instead ot nrslstlng tho American Bhlp, adds another i
heavy burden, .while It places none whatever upon tha Jnpancso amp, but. on
tho contrary, turna over to the Japanoso tho tralllc of tho Paclflo Ocean,
which tho American ship Is forced to forego by act ot Congress ot the
First National feank
Will furnish to everyone who will become a depositor to
the amount ol one dollar or more, n handsomo
Homo Savings Bnnk
to use, You are Invited to call anil atk for ono of theio
safes. If you are already a depositor you are entitled to
one to use.
Very tw people can save In large amounts. If you wait
until you can deposit a tarns amount you may nevap begin.
Everyone can save In a small way. He who drifts Into the
habit of apendlno as he goes will always remain poor.
The Bank Kccpa tho Key ,
Thla Homo HavlnRa Hank Is losuod to you frm of clmrno.
Ono dollar of your account Ih to ho hold to Insure IU ruturii;
but romembor this dollar belongs to you; run ho drawn by
you at any tlmo on return of tho Hnfo. ! t 0
As a means of determining who is the greater tax payor the
Oregon Voter has worked out the problem on the basis of the
1914 collections and gives tho following as the percentage paid
by each of the fOllowingsub-dlvisions of property within the
State of Oregon:
Agriculture, including farm lands, improvements,
livestock, etc , 2(5
City of Portland, town lots, improvements, mcr-
chandlse, accounts, file 25
Cities and towns other than Portland Uiijf.
Railroads and Public Utility Corporations 131.
Timber, including lands, sawmills, logging rail
The Best Groceries
For Less Money
The Fifth Street Grocery
Thos. Sikes, Prop. Phone 22
Total A 100
Stated another way, agriculture pays on one-fourth the
taxable property, lumbenontabout one-flfth, city and town pro
perty on.about two-fifth and railroads, banks and public utility
companies on the rest.
A COUNTRY GIRL'S CREED!
I am glad that I ltvo in tho country.
I lovo Its beauty and Its spirit. I re
joice in the things I can do as a coun
try girl for my homo and my neigh
be driven only a sort dlBtnnco In tho
ground they uro- shaky over after
ward. It Is like my stono path. Every
year when tho spring rains come nnd
;i wado anklo deep In mud I grumble,
I'TH bet you If I live until dry weath
er I'll mako that stono and Hlnto road
here." Then tho dry wenthur comes,
, ... , work? rushes, and t Is, "Oh, well, I
around me; In tho fragrance of tho R nQw
. . . . . , .1 ' On a cold, stormy day In winter or
tho rpo wheat at harvest; In tho ; . , ' ' ... ,
, , ,, , . , i fall tho farmer will do grubbing, chop
morn ng song of birds .and In thoi, . . . .
glow of sunset on tho far horizon. I
want to express this beauty In my own
life as naturally and happily as the
wild rose blooms by the roadside,
I believe I can havo a part in pio
courageous spirit of the country. This
spirit has entered Into the brookV-ln
our pasture. Tho stones placed In its
way call forth Its strength nnd adilto
Its strength of song. It dwells Inho
tender plants as they, burst tho Rood
cases that Imprison them and push
through the dark eartli to tho light.
It sounds in the nestling notes of alio
meadow lark. With this courageous
spirit, I, 'too, can face tho hard things
of life with gladness. fa
I believe thero Is much I can doIn
my country home. Through studying
the best way to do my everyday wgrk
I can And Joy in common tasks done
well. Through loving comradshtp 1
can help bring into my home the hap
piness and peaco that aro alwaya bo
.near usin God's out-of-door world.
.Through such a homo I can help mako;
real to all who pass that way their
highest Ideal of country life.
I I believe my lovo and loyalty fonmy
, country homo should reach out' in
service to that Inrger homo that wo
call our neighborhood. I would join
with tho people who live there in true
friendliness. I would vholo-hearjed-ly
Ivo my host to further all that Is
being dono for a bettor community.
I would havo nil that I think and say
nnd do, help to unite country pr-oplo
nonr and far In tho groat Klngdonujnt
Lovo. for Neighbors which tho Mattpr
came to establish tho Master yho
knew and cared for country waya and
country folks. Josslo Weld. &
arc famous for quality and
wo savo you money on
what you buy here. Wo
sell Dependable Coffees and
Teas and every thing clad Is
dependable which wo sell.
Nice & Miller
Op Commercial State Dank
FITTING VORK AND WEATHER
! By C. E. DAVIS
I Even with years of experience many
of us novor learn to fit our workjto
tho weathor, and In consouuonco v(Sk
ten times harder than necessary.
When tho ground is wot and sloppy
nnd posts could bo drivon deoply and
would stand splldiy, wo lpaf, gofio
town, or do oddtybbs; when the groinld
Is no hard, that f cracks open wo
build the fence, ancj as tho posts cSn
r iVT- ' "tft
ping, or other heavy work, contract a
severe Illness, and loso two weeks of
flno weather by It, when ho should
have dono odd jobs and indoor chores
on that day. Ho will let tall tho flno
fall weathor slip past whllo ho dawdles
over his work or goes hunting whllo
tho roads aro solid as Iron, and then
has to haul tho winter's coal and mill
feedjn tho teeth of nn early blizzard.
In summer ho will haul loads of truck
to market, noil at good prices, and
spend money lavishly, and in fall and
winter depend on dairy and henyard
for tho wcokly family groceries InBtoad
of adding to tho winter's Btoro each
Look ot tho weather. Vlow the crops
and waiting jobs. If it is ralnint; thero
aro stable and repnlrlng Jobs-to do, If
tho ground f is wet and no posts to
z'.rlvo, nnd too wet to plow or haul
manuro, try chopping tho winter's
sunply of stovo wood.
In the flno fall weather haul all tho
coal you will need, and buy Hiifllclent
sugar, coffee, and canned fruit that
you do uot put up yourself, winter
clothing, nnd all such, with flour and
other mill feeds to last through tho,
winter months. You will savo loss,
hard labor, and discomfort to self nnd;
stock. Farm nnd Fireside,
FIRST NATIONAL BANK, EUGENE, OREGON.
Capital and Surplus - - . $303,000.00
Interests on Savings Accounts and Time Certificates
Mr. Citybrcd Do your cows glvo
. Mr. Tallgrnss No ono.ovor gives mo
nothln'. I havo to awup 'em fodder
Donald Young and L. h.
L. L. Ray announce the
formation of tho lav
firm of Young & Ray,'
with offices over tho
Loan & Savings. Dank,
,t- m t ' j if '
Repairing a Specialty
Main, hot. Fourth and Fifth. I'hono II
SPRINGFIELD - OREGON
Office in City Hall, Springfield, Ore.
HERBERT E. WALKER
W. F. WALKER
Office Phone 62; 'Residence 67-J
West Main St.
Harness, Shoes; Gloves
Harness and Shoes
The Harness Shop
J. H. BOWER
831 Willamette 8t. Euaono, Orcoon
DR. J. E. RICHMOND
PHONE8 Office, 3; Residence, 116-J
Over Commorcial Bank,
Olllce .Ninth and I'tmrlHin. Tel'iiono(9
jDR M. Y. SHAFFER, D.V.S.
Bulto 2. I'hono 888, EUGENE, OUE
Residence over Dodge's Stovo
OREGON and WASHINGTON
A Directory of each City, Town uml
Vlllaito, giving deicrlptlva (ketch of
each place, location, imputation, toln
STapli, hlpplnc and banking point)
alio Claulfled Directory, compiled by
builneii ana iiroreinlon.
it. i ror.ic co., RHArrr.M
O. R. GuIIion, M.D.
Practice Limited tl
Eye, Ear, Nose nnd Throat.
Graduato Nurso Attending
306, White Temple, Eugene.
For Farm and City Property
Exchanges a Specialty
Springfield - Oregon
Phono 30 i