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About The Lane County news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1914-1916 | View This Issue
THE LANE COUNTY NEWS
W. A. DILL
Editor and Mnnngor
Published EvoryiMonday'hnd Thursday by tlfS LahoTCauntyPub
, J j. ' Hshing Associatiqn. , : f ? ;
RATES OK SUBSCRIPTION.
$t.50 Six Months - .75 Throo Months
AilTortlslnR ltatos Furnished on Application.
ii. (lyiomber of tho State Editorinl Association.
jMferttfcpir okf tho Willamette Valley Editorial Association.
And, Remember to Get a Stop-Over for Springfield.
SPRINGFIELD, OREGON, MONDAY, JUNE 28, 1915.
WHY WE DEMAND RESPECT FOR INTERNATIONAL LAW.
It has seemed to many citizens that the American gov
ernment, in insisting that international law be respected,
was blind to the fact" that warfare has changed since these
laws were framed.
The refusal of tho United States to accept Britain's
blockade by manifesto in lieu of actual blockade, the demand
upon Germany that the lives of non-combatants be safe
guarded these appeared to ignore the fact that a block
ade of the old encircling form was impossible in these days
of mines, that it was obviously impossible for a sub-marine
to remove to itself the crews and passengers of vessels
The world moves, the critics of our government's position
say, and international law must conform to the changing
The American government fully recognizzes that inter
national law will have to be modified, but it believes these
modifications must be brought about formally, in such wise
that they may be solemnly discussed and agreed to by nations
concernd. For if two or three or four laws and agreements
are to be thrown into the discard at the convenience of be
ligerents, why should any of the rest of the laws and agree
ments be observed and respected? What shall prevent the lot
of them going overboard?
Britain proposes to starve Germany without running
such risks as the North ran in our Civil war when it undertook
to starve the South. That law overridden, then there is no
reason why the United States should uphold the law which
provides Canada with protection from invasion through the
United States. Germany is sinking ships without seeing to
it that innocent men, women, and children are removed to
places of safety, or allowed to take to the boats. Since Amer
ica has suffered by reason of this defiance of a long-standing
international law, she might if she choose, say that British
men-of-war may enter our harbors and destroy interned Ger
man merchantmen and sink the three German warships which
have come to us for asylum.
Our government is seeking to uphold international law
and custom in order that the mass of it be saved. It is filing
protests, making demands, in order that the world shall not
sink to that level of barbarism existing before treaties were
signed, compacts sworn to, conferences held to mitigate the
horrors and the ferocity of war. Forest Grove News-Times.
LARGER PUBLIC UTILITY PLANTS.
The tendency all over the United States is the consolida
tion of utility plants into larger units.
At a Panama Exposition convention June 10, it was shown
On the Lane County News'
Classified Column. It is the
"mutual benefit salesman of
Springfield, for It profits both
buyer and seller.
Advertise if you want to sell:
advertise for what you need.
The Classified Column reaches
the people you want to reach.
by statistics that tho telephone companies with an nnntinl
income of $5,000 or moro, have decreased in number 53.8 per
cent in tho last ton yearsbut the number of telephones haa
increased 216.1 per dent and tho number per 1000 of popula
tion from 30 to 90. "
At tho satuo time tho estimated number of mosHngos
or talks clussllled as local exchange, has Increased 170.fi per
cent nnd those classified as long dlstanco or toll, 182.3 per
While tho companies taken as a wholo have shown mich
a marked decrease in number along with an extraordinary
growth in equipment, nun'tbor of patrons, otc, the smaller
sysioma reporting an annual liur.me of lest than $fi,0Q0 In
cluding farmer or rural lltuja, have also shown a lubatnntliil
incveaso both as to number and equipment.
The growth of luteruruan mileage of both telephone com
panies and electric railways, the growth of the electric light
and power industry, including development of water powers,
and especially the marked tondenVy In the latter industry for
w tho large central generating plant with transmission lines
to displace tho small Independent plant, are all facts uolthor
fully known nor appreciated by the public generally.
y - wirw"' t (ft
m iss one
The amount of ocean trallle which is being sent through
the Panama Canal is regarded as highly satisfactory, all
things considered. Preliminary reports Indicate that the tolls
received from vessels passing through the canal for tho fiscal
year that will end on June 30 will be sufficient to meet nil run
ning expenses and lay the foundation for n surplus.
Business through the canal has been Increasing stendily
in the last few months. Under ordinary circumstances tho
canal would have been a profit earner from the first, but
the world's commerce was disorganized by the European war.
The success of the canal in the first year of its operation is a
complete vindication of the action of congress in repealing
the tolls exemption clause of the Panama canal act. Had
coastwise shipping been permitted to use the canal without
tonage charge there would have been a large deficit Instead of
a modest surplus at tho close of the first year's operations.
As it is, the canal promises to be a successful commercial ven
ture and a benefit to trade. Polk County Observer.
WHEN RAILROADS PROSPER.
First National Bank
Will furnish to everyone who will ueeemo n drpwltor to
tha amount of one tlollnr or more, a handsome
Home Savings Bank
to ute. You nro Invited to call unci mk for ono of these
safe9. If you are already a depositor you nre entitled to
ono to use.
Very low people can save In larne nmount. If you wajt
until you can depoilt a largo amount you may neyer begin.
Everyone can iavo In a amall way. He who drifts Into the
habit of spending at he goes will always remain poor.
The Bank Keeps tho Key
Thin Homo BnTliiRrt Hank In loiinoi! to you froii of clinrKo.
Ono dollar or your account la to bo hold (o Innuro Itn ruturn;
but romonibor this dollar bolongH to you; enn bo ilrnwu by
you at any tlmo on return of tho 8ufo.
The Best Groceries
For Less Money
"Crop prospects are fine, and with the gathering of the
great harvest, times ought to become prosperous again," says
W. It. Scott, general manger of the Southern Pacific sys
tem. "The prosperity of the country depends to a remarkable
extent on the railroadB," -cdhtinucd Mr. Scot. "When the
railroads prosper, the influence extends to all branches of bus
iness and industry. Mines, forests, mills and farms all supply
greater demands when the railroads are active. When returns
on investments are assured, funds for development and ex
tension on railroad lines will be available."
Under opposite conditions, when railroads have empty
trains, there are no funds for improvements.
And it was just a year ago today that the European war
really began with the assaslnStlon of Archduke Ferdinand and
'IN EARLY DAYS"
By Fred LocJdey, Special Staff Writer Tho Oregon Journal, Portland
The Fifth Street Grocery
Tnos. Sikes, Prop. Phone 22
Our Bank Money Orders Are
Safe Cost Less Good Everywhere
Our $25.00 or Undor Bank Monoy Ordor Costs Only 5c
Our $25.00 to $100.00 Bank Monoy Ordor Cost3 Only 10c
If lost or destroyed In transmitting through the malls, or
otherwise, we give you a duplicate without any cost or red
A few days ago at Springfield
I fell into talk with John Sidney
Montgomery, an Oregon pioneer
of 1S53. "I was born in old Mis
souri on August 1G. 183G," said
Mr. Montgomery- "My mother
died when I was 2 years old.
When I was 13 years old my two
older brothers and myself start
ed for California. Andrew, my
oldest brother, was 25 years old
off and pulled the arrow out and
went on fighting. I tied up the
wound, but my leg began swell
ing. My leg got so big my trous
ers were skin tight. They took
me to a barn and I lay on the
barn floor for 22 days. The doe
tor said I had blood poison and
he got out his kit of saws and
knives to take off my leg near
the hip. I refused to have it cut
We crossed the Missouri at , off. He insisted and said I would
Council Bulffs on the second of Idle if it didn't come off. I said
May, 1S50, and we pulled into I would die with all my legs on,
Hangtown, Calif., on the twelfth .so he said all right, go ahead and
day of October. All three of us j die. An old German came in
went to work in the mines, but land saw me. He said, "Don't
I was too frail to handle a pick let them saw your leg off." He
and shovel, so they put me to came back with some stuff in a
hunting. I got good prices for i big bottle that smelled like horse
all the deer and other game I .liniment. He made a fire and got
some water scalding hot and put
a blanket around my leg and
nourcd that hot water on. For
hours he kept soaking my leg in
water so hot it nearly took the
skin off. He would pour the
medicine into the wound and he
told me to keep the cloth on the
wound soaked with the medi
cine. It burnt like fire but I kept
the cloth wet with it. Next day
my leg was all over wrinkles,
but it was a heap smaller. In a
day or two it was the same size
as the other leg, and pretty soon
the wound quit running and
Commercial . State Bank
vmmmmmMnMu. u sji s
"In 1853 I came up to the Wil
lamette valley on horseback. I
stopped near the present town
of Cottage Grove. I was only 17,
but I took up a claim. I built
a cabin and batched. I split rails
for all the neighbors there
abouts. I didn't look over 15,
in fact, I never weighed a hun
dred pounds until I was over 21.
Some of tho newcomers fussed
about me trying to hold a claim
when 1 wouldn't be of age for
four years, so I turned my claim
over to my brother Martin. I !
hired out to Partou & Calbreath. I healed un.
f who sent me down Into the "After the Rogue River war
Kogiie river country to n era was over, Krank Drew, tne Mi
stook for them. Martin went.dlan agent, asked for an escort
back to California. He went to of soldiers to take Old Rain's
work in a cinnabar mine nnd got jband of Indians to the Sllelx res
quick s'lvcred and died. jervation. I was one of the
"In 1S55 I enlisted at Eugene ; guards. Old Sum was a well
in Captain Matlock's company built man and stout as a ljorse.
for the Rogue River Indian war. He looked like a thoroughbred
See this scar on my head ' That and was very bravo. If ho hadn't
was made by one of those black been a pesky Indian ho would
obsidian arrow heads going; have been considered a hand
through my hand. This broad j some and courageous man.
scar on my arm was where an I "I didn't think so then, but I
arrow went through. It had an l know now that tho Rogue River
arrow head made out of hoop Indian war was tho white man's
iron. The nastiest wound I got; fault. If I had been an Indian I
in a fight on the Big Meadows on : would have fought, too. The
Evans creek.. U got.. an arrow ibad white men would get full of
through my leg. It stuck out booze and bother the young
about eight inches. I broke it squaws and pretty young girls,
arc famous for quality and
we save you money on
what you buy here. Wo
Hell Dependable Coffees and
Teas and everything else Is
dependable which we sell.
Nice & Miller
Op Commercial State Rank
FIRST NATIONAL BANK, EUGENE, OREGON.
Capital and Surplus $300,000.00
Interests on Savings Accounts a nd Time Certificates
and when the Indian men would
resent It, the drunken white
would shoot tho Indians. Some
of those Indians wero certainly
good fighters. I'll say this for
them: The Indians always kept
their word. The white men
never did. In 1858 1 was married
to Eliza .lane Roren of Cottage
Ono Indian fight of tho Rogue
River war that has been describ
ed to mo by soveral different In
dian war veterans is tho battle
of Log Cabins, on the south
fork of Applegalo creek, near
the lino of Jackson and Jose
phine counties. In the full of
1855 two prospectors built two
log cabins to winter in. While
they were In Jacksonville tret-
ting supplies about 80 Indians
went into tho cabins and forti
fied tliomsolves against attack.
I he prospectors, upon return
llltf. found Dm liriutii.. i.. .ii
. , ""u minium
In possess ion nf timi,.
iliey went to Sterllngvlllo, 30
miles d stunt n u,,...,,.,. i i..
1 !.. Ill . . IIUIJI,
,Dr; Mycin, John Dcadmon, Rob
ert Opp, Jack Rogard, George
nW?1, tS' ,A mwIoh, John
'on 1(Mby' Im MnyflelU mid about
10 others came with them to dls
iposo of tho IndlaiiB. The volun
j leers laid slego to the cabin. Dr.
I ttiyore crawled up to a tree that
forked about five feet from tho
I ground. Ho put his gun through
i tho forks. Ah im ,.,.. i.if:
Bight ho was shot through the
forehead and killed. Georgo
SLSUll Bomo others cut a
(Contlnuod on Pago 4)