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About The Lane County news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1914-1916 | View This Issue
THE LANE COUNTY NEWS
W.A. D(LL io. k fir
Edttr and Matwf
Published Every Monday aad Thursday by thrLaae County ISlb-
. ltehing Association.
"RATES OP SUBSCRIPTION.
M Six Months - - .75 Three Months
,AdTcrtIlK Rates Furnished on Application.
And Remember to Get a Stop-Over for Sprlnffield.
SPRINGFIELD, OREGON, MONDAY, APRIL 5, 1915.
better to be frank'than to b misunderstood.
When business fltulfi itlf forced to combat the procedure of
irresponsible troubtemakwrt it must make in the a$n at taut a
goo&a showing ati its o mmmmUs. The class of pnblfcisti) wjo fi,
... -'.'" f,.v... - . .... ...... .t !:..t
quenuy are bmmm lor ytiwitt conditions never nave ihmhi pmim
about staling their caw to m larse an audience as possible; The
theorist with minimum of taxes to pay has no false notions of dig
nlty. And if the owners of much property decline to "talk, agitata
and explain," who is to hear both aides of the controversy?
QUESTIONS FOR THE SCHOOL TRUSTEE
FOR BROADER HUMANITY.
; Mary Antin is the earnest apostle of a broader humanity, says
the Telegram. Do not condem until you know, is the tenet of her
This sincere, big-souled woman pleads for the immigrant
pleads for him upon the basis of contact and understanding; asks
that we have tolerant consideration for the conditions that made
him an immigrant, and that we do not lose sight of the environ
ment in which, he Is plunged when he becomes one.
It would be well indeed for American civiiation if Mary Antin
were given -the eloquence and the convincing power of the thou
sand tongues of Pentacost, that we might understand, as we
should, that the good American is altogether the product of time
' It is the gold in the melting pot that we must look for and
not the dross, but our fault is that we are disposed to see nothing
hut the latter. And even in the socially-chemical processes of sep
aration we mistake the fine metal for the refuse.
' ' The immigrants are the slums and the slums are the immi
grants that is our conception of the situation as Mary Antin re
minds" us. -And she asks us, pleadingly, if it is a fair conception.
We would never entertain it if we would take more pains to
avoid narrowness. It would be kell for us if we would realize that
In very large measure hope and heroism brought the Immigrant
to our shores hope of realizing conditions that, to his knowledge
and Imagination, were ideal heroism in cutting loose from all the
associations of nativity, and tempting fortune, almost naked
handed, in a far land of adventure. No man could ever have a
more serious purpose in life than the immigrant; few can display
It is therefore meet that we of the greater opportunity; born
lieirs to the blessings which the immigrant conceives to be the
greatest he can seek, should give earnest heed to the message
that Mary Antin brings. It asks only that we give freer play to the
attribute we profess to prize most highly that of just and humane
consideration to the circumstances, needs and aspirations of our
3 y .
SMALL MEN IN WAR.
jgr (New York World.)
"V It is no'new discovery which an English physician has made
in announcing that the short man makes a better fighter than the
The short or small man is not braver or more skillful and ag
gressive as a rule than the tall or large man. He is simply apt to
be tougher and more enduring just as a small and closely knit
horse is usually hardier than the large boned and bodied horse.'He
can resist disease better and he can better endure the trials and
hardships of the march or the trench or the battle.
The small man has an other advantage in war which was
greater, perhaps, in the days when shooting was more individual
istic than it is now through the use of machine guns and appli
ances for wholesale destruction. He offers a smaller mark. Gal
tbn figures out that Admiral Nelson might have been struck down
Borne time before he was if he had been of large stature instead
of a mere featherweight.
If anybody is disposed to deny to small men intellectual credit
for having In fact contributed to military history a considerable
majority of its great captains, he can say very plausibly that the
small man possessed of commanding genius, simply by Che fact of
his physical smallhess, has a better chance of living to prove his
ability and achieve; fame through war than the large-bodied man
with equal genius.
But in any case, a height limit which rules out short men In
recruiting for real war, such as England applied in' the first stages
of building up its great volunteer army for this war, Js as ridicu
lous, in fact, as the action of the father of Frederick the Great in
combing the world for seven-footers tocreate a regiment against
Which no other in Europe would be able to stand. ,
BUSINESS MEN MUST GET INTO THE OPEN
(Spokane Spokesman-Review, Progressive.)
Here is sound advice from a man exceedingly well qualified
to give it. The speaker Is Elihu Root and the occasion a dinner
in Philadelphia of a famous club composed largely Of successful
business men. Ex-Senator Root says :
t: "The first thing is that the business men of America should
become vocal. Talk, agitate and explain. Fight to clear the air."
, . The trouble with the business man which Is' a vague term,
but pretty well understood is that he regards "agitation" as the
exclusive property of the social reformer and the civic busybody
who is fprever trying to "unsettle conditions." When agitation is
In' the ah the business man contents himself with peevishly inquir
ing why Uio heathen rage, and then regards himself as abused
when the people, naturally enough, imagine vain things.
' The method that has almost always been adopted by the busi
ness man to meet a threatened crisis is just the method that ap
peals Jeagt to the taste of the American public. It has been char
acterized by unobtrusive organization, executive meetings, aver
sion jto publicity. "Talk, agitate and explain," says Mr, Root.
Abqiye all, explain. Nothing is more easily misunderstood than
secrecy "Gumshoe" is much opprobrious than "agitator." It is
. Discussing the many important questions now claiming solu
tion from our educators, tho Q. A. C. Bulletin says:
" Closer relations between homo and school, industrial and vo
catlonal training in tho public schools, elimination of politics from
school affairs and tho extension of voting prlvllogea on school mat
ters to all registered voters, are four measures heartily supported
by tho Oregon Congress of Mothers and tho State Parent-Teach
ere' Association. As a means of creating Interest In these matters
and strengthening public sentiment in favor of them, as well as
making effective the means of carrying out tho policies, tho- asso
ciations are urging each local parent-teacher association In tho
state to ask all candidates for positions on tho school board the
Do you consider parent-teacher associations of value to
schools and communities? -
Do you favor industrial and vocational training n tho public
Do you believe in tho elimination of politics in tho hiring of
teachers and superintendents?
Do you believe that teachers should be hired on merit alone?
Do you believe it is the duty of tho trustee to manage the
financial business of the school district and hire efiicicnt school
people to manage the educational affairs of the district, unham
pered by the trustee or school board?
Are you In favor of a law for the extension of the franchise on
school questions to all registered voters?
WORK OF PUPILS OF THE SPRINGFIELD SCHOOLS
The Lane County News today presents a few examples of tho work
of composition in tho classes In the Springfield Public schools. Tho
articles arc published as written, without correction, In tho hopo that Uo
printing of them may prove an asslstanco to the young people In de
veloping their power of expression. Other teachers aro Invited to sub
mit such articles as tbey may .wish to have published In this column.
From Mrs. McLean's class, High
Last Friday our school-ropm
had a plcinc. We had to wait
till half-past two; then we went
to Emerald Heights, one of .the
hills in Springfield.
It was a hard want to tne top
of the hill, but we at last got up
there. We were so tired that
we lay down and rested a while.
Then we went down the west
side of the hill; then when we
had started back, the girls made
us boys pdll them up. It was a
hard job. Then we played a
game or two. Then we had our
lunch and as we had no water
to drink, we went clear over to
Guy's to get a drink. Then
back to the top of the hill. By
the time we got there we were
almost, as thirsty as ever.
We nau a good supper or
lunch of sandwiches, cake,
cookies, eggs, pickles, winnlcs,
Harry's mother and Ellen's
sister went with us.
After wo had eaten, we played
some more games, looked at the
mountain ranges, spoke pieces,
and Bang several songs.
We had a fine time; I hope
we may go again before school
Grade 5th B Age 11,
'iL-'-'i . ..in-,1 1 '.'; i ' ' '"T" ii 1,1 1 '
Fiftieth Anniversary of Lee's
By Opr. CEOHCD L. KILMER. Late U. 5. V.
Copyright 1213. by American Prets Asso
ciation. TnE surrender of Robert E. Lee
with lib Whole nrmy fifty years
ago April 0 lind many of thodra-
ma tic accompaniments which
tradition bnldn around such mighty
events HUHpense pervading the- war
rlu t-umptf, the sudden bursting Into
view tif'u wult dag, the bugle sound
ing unit to arrest tho fierce charge, the
bowed hcutW mill grave demeanor of
the de.iMted, the c'u!vurtc sympathy
of tilt? (-uiiUeior. followed by terms
more Ibaii blvnlrlc. There was no
tableau of nv.oul nurrendcr, however.
Giaqt mid Lee met by arrangement
through correspondence ut 1 o'clock
p, in., and at 4 o'clock the surrender
of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia
desperate night or iee.
At noontime on April 7, forty-eight
hours before the meeting at the Mc
Lean house, Appomattox, Grant drew
rein twenty miles from that point, at
the hamlet of Farmvllle, where Leo's
campilres still smoldered. Ills Infan
try and cavalry had been scut ahead
from Petersburg by several roads to
harass the march of Lee's retreating
army in the rear and head It off In
Th war I over. U. 8. Grant.
their closest pursuers by midday of
the "lb instead of only a few hours.
The day before, in two separate but
contiguous encounters. Lee hud lost In
killed, wounded and missing over 8.000
men. nearly a focth of his effectives.
Yet Grunt saw no evidence that his
foclnan was In straits which would
warrant him In proposing talk of sur
render. The suggestion came to him
at Farmvllle from u .southern civilian
vlofiuly related to General Ewcll, who
had fought and lost his last fight on
tho Utli. This, gentleinuu spoke for
(Swell and uld that further killing
would be murder and that he (Ewoll)
hoped-Lee would surrender.
To Bpare "Effusion of Blood."
Opportunely Word came to Grant
that rations for Leo's men. which were
coming by rail from Lynchburg to
meet them as they proceeded up tho
Appomattox, find reached Appomattox
station, and Sucrlduu hoped to capture
them before Leo arrived. Acting on
hi Information, Grant at once wrote
tho following, which from n military
point of vlw would have been as per
tinent tho night of April 1 or of April
2 us It -was on April 7;
April 7, 18G5.
dencral n. E. Leoi
The result of the last week must
convince you of tlio hppeloeenesi of
further resistance on tlio pari of tho
Army of Northern Virginia , In this
utrufc'Blo. I feci that it Is so and regard
It a my duty to (ililft from niynelf tlio
rspopiilblllty of any further- effusion of
front Ilavlng got clear of their trench- wood U)' auMng of you ttie surrender pf
es on Aprlj 4, the Confederates should- os wim ' rwhfirii w.mi
bare been two days' march uhcad of ' (Continued on Pago 4)
rr - 17,
We Shall Be Glad
To look after your (ax matters.
living tax Btutomont if you luivo one;
otherwiso notify ua early and wti will
sccuro & statement for ybii.
mnu m.'U vu iuihii" ij.h.i ,j .num "i'tniin tm itmmjn, .. nniii 1 1 ijujli 'ii 4
The Best Groceries
For Less Money
The Fifth Street Grocery
Thos. Sikes, Prop. Phone 22
Pay Your Taxes Here
We aro a depository for
County funds and aro authoriz
ed to receive money In payment
of taxes. One half may ho paid
on or beforq April 1st, Bring in
your tax statements if you have
them, and if not aHk ua, and we
will get them for you. No extra
Commercial Slate Bank
FIRST NATIONAL BANK, EUGENE, OREGON
Capital and Surplus
Interests on Savings Accounts and Time Certificates
Blue Printing and Maps
W. A. REYNOLDS
Work Called for and Delivered.
Vein of good burning coal
found three miles from Klamath
Portland proposes bond issue
to hard surface 70 miles of high
A. L. Foxley will establish
brick industry on Coos Bay.
Portland votes April 14 on $1,-
250,000 road bond issue.
NOTICE FOR PUDLICATION
Dorar(mont of tho Interior
U. S. Land Ollleo at IloHObure, Ore
gon, March :i, 1910.
Notlco la horohy given that Coy KIs-
ton, of Vlda, Oregon, who, on April
;iu, juiz, mauo jiomoatcau ljutry.
Serial No, 07034, for Lot 4 of Sou. 34,
in. iu a. u a sa, ana revfe or nkw of.
Section 8, Township 17 H, Itango a K.,
WUlamotto Morlulan, lino mod notlco
of Intention to mnlco Final Thrco-yoar
froor. to oBtaui ah claim to tho land
ahovo described, boforo Stacy M, Hits
aoll, Clork of I.ano County, at his ollleo
at Kugeno, Oregon, on tho 10th day of
Claimant names ns witnosscs:
Frank U, Mason, of Vlda Oregon.
Jnnios Neal, of Vlda, Oregon.
Joo Weakflold, of Vldn, Oregon.
Bollb Jolly, pf Vida, Oregon.
J. M. UPTON
NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION;
Department of tho Interior,
u. s, Land Ollleo at lioseburg, Ore
gon, March 2, 1010.
,t,co ,s hby given thnt Oeorgo
William Foster, of Vlda, Oregon, who,
on Optobor 10, 1911, mado Homestead
Entry, Sorlal No. 07594, for tho
NiY''Lnnd NW'i o' SWtf of See.
tlon 20, Township 10 South, Itango 2,
East, ami on March 4, 1914, mado Ad
ll'.l'S'il'l1 H"stond Entry, Sorlal No.
09380 for tho NEfc of NV' of Soctlon
20, Townchlp 10 0, Itango 2 E' Wil
lamotto Morldhm, has hlod notlco -of
lntontlon to mnlco Final Throo-yoar
Proof, to establish claim to tho land
nbovo doscrlbod, boforo I. P, Nowltt.
V. S. C'pmmlHslonor, at his ollleo at
EuW!0.Orpgon, on tho 14th day of
Claimant names an witnesses
Luvorn Chllson, of Vlda, Oregon,
llonjamln Mlnnoy, of Vlda, Orogon.
Frank Mlnnoy, of Vldn, Orogon.
William Foster, of Vldn, Oregon.
,. J. M. UPTON.
Ollleo Ninth nml 1't'nrl hi. vtuinntio Will
DR.EY. SHAFFER, D.V:S.
AND DENTIST .
Buito 2, Phono 888, EUGENE. OIIH
RcBldoncb over Dodge's Storb'