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About The Aurora borealis. (Aurora, Or.) 19??-1909 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 10, 1908)
ii-:c:i:miu:u io, mos.
BRIEF NEWS OF
THE PAST WEEK
Condensed Dispatches from All Parts
of the Two Hemispheres.
interesting Events from Outside the
8tate Presented in a Mannar to
Catch the Eye of the Busy Reader
Matters of National. Historical
and Commarcial Importance.
Roosevelt lias announced hij plans
fur his African hunting trip.
IIiu.e Democrats have elected
Champ Clark as their leader.
The government has launched a big
collier at the Marc Island yard.
General Simon has entered the
llaytim capital with his army.
Germany will provide several
in the Chinese territory it
Internal revenue officers have seize, 1-1
rm.nno pounds of oleomargarine at
An Italian writer has denounced
Americans for claiming equality with
The schooner I). M. Clemson, ply
iiivj on Lake Erie, is believed to have
Rear Admiral Cotighlan is dead
The republic of Salvador has put
down a revolution.
The Western Pacific railroad has
jut finihed a tunnel through the
icrras, which is 7,;i00 feet long.
An Oregon boy won first honors
in an oratorical contest at Notre
Dame university. Ind. lie will rep
resent the school in the state contest.
Cistro is believed to have deserted
The international naval conference
is in session at London.
The prosecution Ins completed its
evidence in the Kucf trial.
A Pittsburg broker is charged with
forging bonds for $600,000.
F.Iks of New Yrk City are to spend
$l,0(ii) 0i0 on a new clubhouse.
A steamer and two docks burned
at Portland, Me. Loss, $350,0)0.
Montenegro has attacked an Austrian
fort, and Austria is hurrying troops
to the scene.
Adjutant General Ainsworth reports
that desertions in the army are on
A Los Angeles man has been ar
rested for having dies fur counter
A Chicago grand jury reports
wholesale election frauds, particularly
Physicians hold out some hope for
the recovery of Governor-elect Cos
grove, of Washington.
The Union Pacific has reduced its
running time between Omaha anl
Portland two and one-half hours.
Admirine friends want to present
Admiral Kvans with a bouse at Los
Angeles, but he has taken warning
from the Dewey incident and declined
Mrs. crkcs-Mizner has started a
contest of Ycrkcs' will.
The Y. M. C. A. has erected a fine
building at Seoul, Corca.
An imperial edict has been issued in
China truaranteeine a constitution in
Los Angeles civil service employes
have been forbidden to visit race
tracks to witness races.
Two miners were killed and three
fataMv injured in an explosi.ni of gas
in a West Virginia coal mine.
Miss I-.lkins is said to have jilted
Abruzi because she preferred Lieu
tenant Andrews, of the navy.
Railroads and coal companies have
been convicted of conspiracy in re
straint of trade at Salt Lake City.
Rabbi Wise attacked New York
juices for banuuetinir Croker on the
occasion of his visit to this country
In the Standard Oil dissolution case
Arc!, hold has forgotten almost every
fling m connection with the com
A Chicaeo man imported a lot of
rugs and other articles, placing
value of $l.ooo on them. Chicago cus
tonis otlicials have seized them as
they were worth $13,001.
Thaw's lawyers continue to fight to
secure his release.
Minnesota, Montana and the Dakotas
axe having zero weather.
A Columbus, Ohio, city official has
been convicted of grafting.
At the municipal elections just held
In Massachusetts, severs! cities went
The floods in Arkansas have not sub
sided. The property loss will be enor
The government inquiry into the
Hsrriman merger has begun at New
Four Demons are dead as a result of
the crush at Emperor Francis Joseph's
LIVES BEYOND INCOME.
England Must Appropriate Bg Sum
for Stronger Navy.
London, Dec. 7 Estimating that
y the beginning of the next fiscal
year in March, England will be living
$100,0.10 noo annually beyond its in
come, the administration is gradually
breaking the news to the country that
there must be a heay increase ii:
Pureed by circumstances to d.chire
or a stronger navy, the cabinet has
indertaken a program involving $!0,-
00,000 unanticipated expenditures ior
To escape a quarrel with the vari
ous religious denominations oer sec
tarian educati'Hi in the public schools.
; ni.iiici.il concessions nave tcen
necessitated to the extent of $7.."V00
too. (M.I aire pensions, payment of
which will begin on January 1. will
cot at least $:;.'.ooo.o o, and relief of
the country's idle will foot up $30-
Chancellor of the Exchequer Lloyd
f - t: . i. . .i
nnuri- mi waking up me
deticit as follows:
Income tax increase $JO,ooo,ooO; in
creased taxation of urban land. j-'D,
oo; increased death duties, $.' 000,-
', increased cost ot liquor license.
2S (loo.ooo; diversions from payments
to sinking fund maintained for grid
ual payment of national debt, $32,
Hints of the necessity for increased
taxes have been thrown out from tim
to tune for months past in speeches
nv the various ca'Miiet members an I
in the Liberal party newspapers. A
lain statement of the situation has
finally been made by the chancellor.
accompanied by an outline of his plan
tor a remedy.
REBEL AT ROUTING RULE.
Chicago Shipper Opposed to
Regulation or Railroads.
Ch icago, Dec. 7. The Tribune yes
nl.ty printed the following news ar
tice on the new railroad trafhc rule
Inppers ot Chicago and other cities
re considerably exercised over what
they regard as another attempt on the
part of the railroads to deprive them
of the right to specify the routine of
reijjht shipments beyond the line o
the initial carrier to which the freight
llr.s question has been the subiert
f a long-standing controversy be
tween the shippers and the roads. It
renewal at the present time is caused
y a rule in the new west -bound
transcontinental tariff, effective in
anuary. This provides: "The rates
therein are subject to the absolute and
inmaiiM?i riirnt ot tne ini'iai carrier
determine the routing of freight
ev'nl its own lines.
If enforced strictly, this rule is re
Mrded as apparent. y in conflict with
he administrative ruling of the inter
late commerce commission.
Railroad officials said yesterday
hat under the commission's ruling
the rule could not be enforced liter
t1 1 . . I F . ..
ny. out me laci remains that it is
stated in black and white in the tarifi
nd the shippers arc wondering how
tar the roads will go when the tarn f
The National Industrial Traffic
eague, which since its organization
nas insisted on the right of the ship
er to control t lie routing, is now
preparing an amendment to the Hep
mm law securing this right, which
will be presented to congress at th
DEATH LIST GROWS.
Storm on Upper Atlantic Coast Gets
Halifax. N. S. Dec. 7. More than
0 seamen have lost their lives off
the upper North Atlantic coast during
the last few days as the result of n
torm of unprecedented severity. The
irck.'iiing, itemized as accurately a
the meager reoorts will allow, fol
December ? Seventeen members
of the crews of three fishing schoon
ers drowned off tjic New l-'oundland
December 4 Twenty-eight mem
bers of the crew of the schooner Soo
City, which is believed to have sunk
in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
December 5 Seven members of the
crew of the barge No. lot. which
went down off the coast of Nova
Free Leather Scares British.
London, Dec. 7. The threatened
abolition of the tariff on leather is
worrying Knglish bootmakers They
have decided to hold a meeting to
discuss means to be adopted in cas
the change should be made.
English leather, which is considcre I
the best in the world combined with
American manufacturing abi ity. lead
mij dealers admit, would let the Amer
icans establish a Pritish trade that
would drive the Knglihmen out of
!;iincss. They would be able to put
'. -.rs on the market at a price nearly
a fourth lower than that now charged
Chicago's OmcialJSanta Claus.
Chicago, Dec. 7. Postmaster Camp
bell yesterday received from the post
master general an official Utter that.
in effect, makes John M. Ilubbin!
assistant postmaster, official SanH
'."l- u of Chicago. The letter con
tained a letter addressed to Santt
Cluis, care the postmaster general.
Local merchants have made arrange
ments to have all these letters f r
arded to them, with thrir guarantee
;'.ut every one will be answered.
NEWS NOTES GATHERER CSivl
IRRIGATION GIVEN IMPETUS.
Vigorous Campaign Begun by Com
mercial Club of La Grande.
La Grande With the avowed inten
tion of running a preliminary survey
from Meadow Brook canyon up the
Grand Iionde river, down the river to
ita entrance into the Grand Uonde val
ley, following the protiosed couise of
the main channel of the gigantic irri
gation scheme now being fostered, and
establishing the probable route of the
laterals, that the land owners may be
better apprised of the exact courte, the
Commercial club is searching for com
petent civil engineers to do the work
There is policy in the movement.
When the preliminaries have been run.
John Smith will know how near his
farm is to be from the main channel or
principal lateral, and Mr. Jones will
have similar information. The sudden
spurt of interest and determination ex
presses another highly laudable fact
lethargy has been discarded for the
unanimous decision to push the work
until Union county's greatest boon
High School Debating League.
The November number of the Uni
versity of Oregon bulletin, contains
the list of otlicers, constitution and
by laws, propositions for debate, bibli
ographies, debate libraries and an
nouncements for the year lUOfe-09, of
the Oregon High School Debating
league. The league consists of 34
schools, divided geographically into fix e
districts. The Eastern Oregon district
copmrises the high schools of Baker
City, Cro.k county, Elgin, La Grande,
Ontario, Pendleton, Sherman county
and Union; Columbia river comprises
Astoria, The Dalles, Gresham, Hood
Uiver, New berg, Tillamook, Woodburn
and Yamhill; Central Oregon district,
Albany, Brownsville, Cottage Grove,
Eugene, Jefferson, Junction City, Leb
anon, fciaiem ana eiiverton; bournem
Oregon district, Central Point, Grants
Pass, Klamath county and Roseburg,
and the Coos bay district, Bandon, Co
quille, Marshlield, Myrtle Point and
Acres of Peach' Pits.
Milton The largest acreage of
peach pits planted in the Northwest is
just being finished by the Milton nur
series. Five acres of the seeds are be
ing planted, over 3,000 pounds of the
pits being required. The seeds are
planted in long rows about three feet
apart, and the pits are dropped six
inches apart in two lines about five
inches from each other, the seeds being
left alternately, so that about every
three inches along the row a tree is ex
pected to grow. The planting is dore
with great care, each seed being
placed by hand at exactly the same
depth under the surface. In this way
it is expected that practically a full
growth of tiny trees will result.
Report of Southern Pacific.
Salem The gross income to the
Southern Pacific from its Oregon and
California divisionn between Ashland
and Portland during the year ending
June 30, 1908, according to the report
filed with the Oregon Railroad commis
sion, was 12,714, (J00.25. Salaries and
ma'ntenance amounted to $5, 968. PI;
accrued taxes, $188,770.34; net in
come, $2,519,861.10. From this
amount current expenses are deducted,
making w hat is called the net corporate
income in Oregon the past year $949,-
813.76. The report also shows that re
ceipts from the sale of lands held by
the Southern Pacific in Oregon amount
ed to but $12,963.87.
Run Mill Night and Day.
Marshfield -The C. A. Smith Lumler
company, or this city, has begun run
ning night and day. The night shift
gives employment to many millmen and
will also increase the business of the
company's lumber camp. The total
daily output of the mill, with the night
shift on, will be between 40,000 and
500,000 feet of sawed luml er. This
will make the mill cne of the largest
producers of lumber on the coast. In
crease of orders makes necessary the
20-hour day. ,
Coos Bay's Appropriation.
Marshfield -Coos bay people were
relieved when, in answer to an in-
nuiry, a wire was received irom vvasn-
irglon stating that the recommendation
of a $500,000 appropriation for Coo
bar improvements had not been over
looked. The publiohed budget of the
amy engineers did not irclude the
Coos bay matter and explanations were
Mining Project Meets Support.
Albany The Albany Commercial
'club of this city has indorsed the prop
ortion to erect a smelter in the Gold
creek mining district in the North San-
tiam country. It is the op nion of the
cluh members that the building of a
smelter in this district would be an in
valuable asset to Albany, ss that coun
try is tributary to this city.
PfVRTV flF nUH;MNI
PLAN RABBIT DRIVE.
PestaC Western Umatilla
1 cndletpn Spurred by the destruc
tion of fkl's of young alfalfa and the
seriju? injury to new ly set out fruit
tree ; Ye ft unprotected, settlers in the
Hermiston country are planning a rab
bit drive which will help exterminate
the worst pett the farmers in that end
of tl.o county have to contend with.
The ai ive w ill probably be pulled oil
late in December.
This w ill be the first big rabbit drive
in this part of the country since II. C.
Willis started his famous rabbit can
nery tt Echo, several years ago, and
started in to run opposition to the
Swifts and the Armours. The drives
held then, in which tens of thousands
of rabbits were killed, were conducted
just across the Umatilla river from
Hermiston. Since the days of the
V ill is drives, however, a mysterious
plague has made seriiUi inroads into
the hordes of the long-eared pests until
today there is not one rabbit where
then there were hundreds. The ranch
ers, however, l ave found that the num
ber remaining is sufficiently large to
cause great damage and the campaign
of extermination has been arranged,
With the building of the main feed
canal for the reclamation project, the
country in which the coming drive is
to be held is alno-it entirely surrounded
by water, the Columbia river being
one one side, and the Umatilla on the
other. This fact, together with the
entirely open district, wilrmake possi
ble not only the almost complete ex
termination of the rabbits, but will al
to keet) the number remaining from
being recruited from the outside.
Old Patents Just Filed.
Ilillsboro Three oil donation land
claim patents were filed in the record
er's ollice here last week. David
Walters, 1G0 acres, patent dated Janu
ary 18, 1859; bearing the signature
and real of President Buchanan; Ed
ward Parton and wife, March, 186(5,
iued by President Johnson, and Wil
liam E. Walker, 318 acres, date of is-
jrV. 18C9, signed by U. S. Grant, were
tne instrun enU filed. The Walters
patent wus issued while Oregon was
yet a territory. These patents have
lain in the family strong boxes all
these years, and some of the places
have been conveyed by the owners,
long since dead.
S30 Per Acre.
Klamath Falls The cost of the wa
ter under the firt unit of the Klamath
irrigation project has been announced
at $;J0 per acre and 75 per acre yearly
for maintenance fee. The first unit
exten.'s from Klamath Falls to Merrill
and comprises 31, 1T3 acres. The orig-
inal estimate was $18.00 per acre, but
this was later qualified, and it was!
stated the ost would go higher, on ac
count of labor and other conditions.
Fruits Applra, $7rcr$2 per box;
pears, $u 1.2 ; grapes, $HiH.d0 per
crate; quinces, $!(( 1.25 per box ; cran
berries, $12.50 per barrel; huckleber
ries, lOrilTic per pound; persimmons,
$lf'i L2r per box.
Potatoes 75rn HZ", per cwt. ; sweet
potatoes, 2c2,4C per pound.
Onions 0i 1.10 per cwt.
Vegetables 1 urnips, $hm.2; per
sack; carrots, $1; parsnips, $1.25;
beets, $1.25; horseradish, 8(10c per
pound; artichokes, 9fcff$l per dozen;
beans, 10rllc per pound; cabbage,
1 ? 1 s4c per pound; celery, f(7(i8.rc
per dozen; cauliflower, j5cTr$l jer
dozen; cucumbers, $2frf2.f0 per box;
eggplant, 11c per pound; lettuce, $16,
1.25 per box; parsley, 30c jier dozen;
peas, 12'..-c per pound; pepers, 150
20c per pound ; pumpkins, l(nic per
pound; radishes, 30c per dozen; spin
ach, 2e per pound; sprouts, 9v(n 10c
perpund; squash, 1(Ic per pound;
tomatoes, f0cf$L (5 per box.
Wheat Pluestem, 96c; club, 9001
91c; fife, 90,'91c; red Russian, 8Hc;
40-fold, 91c; valley. 91c.
" Parley Feed, $26.75 per ton; brew
Oats No. 1 white, $31.50 per ton.
Hay Timothy, Willamette valley,
$14 per ton; Lastern Oregon timothy,
$16017.50; clover, $12; alfalfa, $12
012.50; grain hay, $12,50013.
Putter City creamery, extras, 366t
37c; fancy outside creamery, 2.10f.
35c per pound; store, 170 20c.
Fgr - Oregon se'ects, 400 45c; East
ern. 29o32 '.,c fer dozen
Poultry Hens. 2(i 12'vc per pound;
spring, 11 ;o12L;c;' ducks, 14o15c;
geee, 9o 10c; turkeys, JCc; dressed
i'. -i r oi a . r - . . . i.
;.r 7,., 7t i.. k.vv r
Pork-Fancy, 7 V per pound; large
choice, 8c; prime, fof
j 7?fC; medium, 56c tier pound; 1907,
2o 4e; 1 90?, 101 !c
Wool Eastern Oregon average best,
10014c rer pound, according to shrink
age; valley, 150 10c; mohair, choice,
SPEED CONTEST ON.
Hill and Hirrimin Ara Contending for
fhrougn Mai. Contract
Salt Lake, Utah, Dec. 2. The Her
ald this morning says that behind an
order just received for a change in the
schedule of the Oregon Short Line's
Salt Lake-Portland express is mapped
out an elaborate campaign between
two great transcontinental ralways.
The fruit of victory will be the cream
of the through passenger business and
the choicest mail contracts between
Chicago and Portland.
By speeding trains on the Union 1 a-
citic from Granger, Wyo., on the Short
Line, through Huntington, Or., on the
Oregon Railway & Navigation road, to
Portland, the Herald continues, it is
hoped to reduce the time of the through
trip by five hours at least.
This contest against time is inspired
by the completion of the Spokane,
Portland & Seattle from the Northern
Pacific connection at Pasco. Wash., to
Portland, along the north bank of the
The Spokane, Portland & Seattle is
a liill enterprise, it reduces iy many
hunderds of miles the trackage be
tween Chicago and the Oregon metrop
olis. With the Northern Pacific to
Billings, and the Burlington from Pil
lings to Chicago, it forms almost an
airline from the ocean to the lakes.
With it eliminated, the llarrtman sys
tem could easily maintain its suprem
acy, but with the Spokane, Portland &
Seattle as a factor, the middle route
will need every ounce of steam its lo
comotives can make.
Peginning next week the Portland
express will leave Salt Lake at 10
p. m., instead or 11:40, io connect
Pocatello with the Granger-Huntington
flyer, whoBe running time is to bo re
duced 45 minutes between those points
MYSTERY IS UNSOLVED.
Some Believe San Francisco Police
Chief Committed Suicide.
San Francisco, Dec. 2. Although
numerous boats patrolled and searched
the bay since daylight yesterday morn
ing from the Golden Gate to Hunter s
point and the officers of the ferryboats
and other craft were asked to keep a
shark lookout for it, the body of Chief
of Police W. J. Piggy, who mvsteri-
ously disappeared from the police
launch Patrol and is believed to have
fallen overboard shortly before 1Z
o'clock Monday night, while returning
to this citv from Belvedere on the
north shore, has not yet been recover
ed. Up to a late hour last night the
police launch Patrol and other boats,
with searchlights, were still on the
bay, but it is feared that the body of
the late chief of police has been car
ried out to sea by the tide.
Among officials of the department
there are two theories to account for
the disapjM'arance. A number of his
s bordi nates incline to the belief that
worry and grief over the newspaper
criticisims of his official and private
I demeanor impelled him to end his life,
while others affirm with equal conn
dence that he fell from the . slippery
deck during an attack of vertigo or a
HIGH TOWER ON MOUNTAIN.
Sun to Be Studied With a Monster
Los Angeles, Dec. 2. Dr. George
E. Hale, director of the Carnegie solar i
observatory on Mount Wilson, an
nounced today that a great steel tower
150 feet high, with a well 75 feet deep
under it, with which to use the spec
troscope, will be constructed on the
peak next summer. The five-foot re
flecting telescojie will be reaqy for use
next Monday and Dr. Hale predicts
that with the powerful reflector now
installed - the greatest in the world
a number or important, discoveries may
be expected, particularly in the photo
graphing of the sun s surface and the
various curious nebulae.
A wireless telegraph station is pro
jected on the crown of the mountain.
tests being now in progress to de
termine the best points for locating the
operating plant. It is expected by ex
perts that messages may be flashed to
Japan or beyond, so perfect are the
conditions found. A coil capable of
giving out the extreme length of spark
is to be installed.
Runs Away on Mountain.
Butte, Dee. 2. A freight train
an engine and 14 cars was wrecked on ; Mounted police have been dispatched to
the west side of the Blcmsburg hill on Bcz, northeast of Uoswell, N. M., by
the Northern Pacific branch between Gvrnor Curry to settle a cattle war
Garrison and Helena west of herethis ' that has been raging there for the past
morning. The train got beyond W-J few weeks. Cattle have been slaught
trol while descending the mountain, ' ered and a bloody clash between the
due to the acromulation of ice and opposing forces is feared. Forty cat-
snow on the rails. An operator grasp-
!ed the situation as the train thundered
I past and wired ahead to Weed, where
I - . l . 1
i a derailing swim was mrown. ine
fact that the engine remained upright
"ved th ,ive of th enK'n creV
Pope's Doctors Anxious.
Rome, Dec. 2. The poe's thyi-
cians, while they declared tonight that
the rold from which he was suffering
was following a normal course!, ex-
pressed anxiety on account of his Weak-
BY ANGRY PEOPLE
ollowcd by Curses Io Irench War
ship. Where He Takes Refuge.
Oeneral Legitime is Selected as New
President of Hayti Armed Guards
s From Foreign Vessels Guarding
Their Respective Legations Quiet
Will Soon Be Restored.
Port au Prince, Dec. 3. President
Nnrd Alexia La3 hfen tlentmed and it
now safe on board the French training
ship Duguay Trouin, and Port au
Prince is in the hands of the revolu
tionists General Antoine Simon,
leader of the insurgents, is marching
up the peninsula with an army of
5,000, and a new president. General
legitime, has been proclaimed. At
the last moment President Alexia
yielded to the urging of those about
him, and decided to take refuge
aboard the French warship.
An immense crowd of men and wo
men had assembled at the wharr, ana
the arrival of the presidential carriage,
escorted by a battalion of infantry and
a squadron of cavalrry under command
of General Hippolyte, was the signal
for tumult and riot. All along the
route the people who lined the streets
shouted, jeered and cursed at the fal
len president, but when the landing
stage was reached the mob lost til re
straint. The scene was tragic and
shameful. Infuriated women broke
through the cordon of troops and
shrieked the coarsest insults in the
very face of the president, who strove
bravely to appear undismayed.
General Canal is doing everything
possible to maintain order. Infantry
and cavalry patrol the streets and, al
though a panicky feeling remains,
there is little danger to the foreigners.
Armed sailors from the two Ameri
can cruisers and the French cruiser in
the harbor were landed at 1 :30 today.
BIGGY WANTED TO RESIGN.
Conflicting Reports of His Intentions
San Francisco, Dec. 3. After 48
hours' search no trace of Chief of Po
lice Piggy's body has been found. Ru
mors and surmises that the chief is in
h ding are without foundation. The
mayor and police commissioners in
tended to keep him in office, notwith
standing charges that he was incompe
tent. That Chief Piggy offered h'a resig
nation to Police Commissioner Hugo
1). Keil an hour before his death, and
during the period of his visit to the
commissioner's home at Pelvedere. be
came known todey. Keil admits that
the missing official offered to surrender
his pos tion in the hope that the com
missioners would be relieved of news
paper criticism, to which Piggy felt
they had been subjected on his ac
count, but Keil, according to his own
eclaration, refused to accept or con
sider the proposal, and advised the
thief that the members of the board
would not entertain the idea of his re
signing under fire.
ADMIT CUTTING OUT SHARP.
Union Pacific Coal Mtn Confess Dis
crimination, Deny Conspiracy.
Salt Lake City, Dec, 3. In the
United States District court today, J.
M. Moore, western sales agent for the
Union Pacific Coal company, and a de
fendant in the case, admitted that he
had cut off the coal supply of D. J.
Sharp, a Salt Lake coal dealer, because
Sharp insisted upon cutting the retail
price of Wyoming coal 50 cents a ton.
Mr. Moore, who, with Everett Buck
ingham, traffic manager of the Oregon
Short Line, and others, is charged with
conspiracy in restraint of trade, de
nied the conspiracy and defended his
action toward Mr. Sharp by saying
that the dealer had violated the condi
tions under which the coal was sold to
him, and that his actions tended to dis
arrange the tariff schedules of the coal
Range War In New Mexico.
East Las Vegas, N. M., Dec. 3.
tie were killed last week by settlers
who claimed their crops were being
damaged by the herds of the Littlefield
. T-L . . 1 . ! . 1 A
rurnimny. me eriurri bsmm-vi ww
head of cattle in payment for alleged
Fines Salt Company $10,000.
Grand Rapids, Mich., Dec. 3. Judge
Knappen, in the United States Distr ct
court, fined the Sterns Salt & Lumber
company, of Ludington, $10,000 today
for having aecej te I rebates from the
Pert Marquette ra.lway.