The Coast mail. (Marshfield, Or.) 187?-1902, September 25, 1880, Image 1

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" WitF yiJ7'""r'"t:i;''
- r.-T . .... ..- - ....-.. - . -.
i 1 1 ' - -w- , .
The Coast Mail.
The Coast Mail.
riMii ikiihii
Miimhllold, Coos Co., ()i.
thi: inturusts of south
ern ohkoon always
Terms, hi Alliance.
One j our -
Six months -Tlueo
ft! m
1 fill
1 (XI
Wouldn't lo IIcciiiiho Nlio llml
it lli'iiti.
" Hlio wiih ut ono of the Union school-
Iiouhch Imlf an lionr bofnio school
opciifd. Sho luiil "liimla" with her
She was u titll woman, foity yearn old
with u jaw showing gioat dolotinina-
tion, iinil "Linda" was sixteen, i at 1km
hIiv.uiuI piotty good looking Tlio
inothui said who hiuln'l Ikcii in (he
oil long, mid il wuh hoi duty to got
' I. inda" educated. When tlio touch-
oi came, tlio iiiotlmi holilly i l c 1 1 1 i t o I -
"You Know enough to touch, do
"I thiol. I do," lopllod-tho teacher,
blushing deeply.
"And nu Foid coinititont to govern
Iho scholars, do j on?"
"Do vou pound 'oin with a foriulo
oi lick 'oin with a whip?"
"Wo seldom icsoil to punishment
hoie,"ioplicd (lie cinlmi las-ed tcachoi.
"Thul'H bettor jet," continued the
inolhoi "I know if l.iuda wai to
i'onio homo all pounded up, I'd fool
,, .
like killing huiiiii ono I suppose oit
aro of icxpcctahlo chaiaotoi, aim
"WIin ahem wh " staminoicd
tho teaeher, growing white and thou
"I opoct you aio,"coiitiuu(d tho su.oiiiitomlanlof II counties in that
woman "IN well oiiough to know state, and coilaiu ollhials in .Maij
who 0111 ohildion aio 11-oeiatiiig with j.,,,,1 i luil,i. ,.,doi-oniont of the
Now, then, do ou allow tho bo.s and
gills to sii lilgothoi?"
"No, in i'iiiii,"
That's right. Thoy never u-ul to
when I was voting, and I ilon't think (
I. inda is auv hotter than I am. An
olhi'i thing do you allow any wink
1 UK"
"Any what?" exclaimed the pu-
led toucher.
"Do .vim allow a boy to wink at a
girl' asked tho woman.
' Whj.iio!"
"I was afiaid vou did.
Linda is as
fdiv asa hiid, mid if sho should come
liome some night and loll 1110 that
who had been winked al, I don't
know what I'd do Now, another .
thing do vou have a beau?" 1
"Whv why " was the slaininoicd
lenlv . I
"I think vou do
resuin.d the,
woman, ovoiely. "I know just how
it works. When vou should bo ex-'
pluming what an aiehipelago is, von j
uro thinking of jour Uichaid, mid J
muii inin. I ix unv inivnll'" I
-Iliil. iimtlitiii- "'
t ion. Comu l.iiida, we'll go to some
other schoolhoiuo."
And thoy jogged.
Ili'i'iul Tut Coal .lllur i;Iom1oii,
A I.oudon dispatch of Iho IU li sa.vs:
Atori.blojoll.orv explosion oecurred
at " oeloel. tins morning al eanam
pit, in Diiiham eounty.on tho Ninth
sea, live miles fiom Sundoiland. At
the time of tho explosion 1350 men
weio iu the pit, and fiom that time up
to 11 o'clock all ell'oitH to reach thorn
piovcd unavailing. Communication
has, howovoi, since boon opened with
a gioup of 1H mini, who aio safe.
M'ho gtoatest oxoitoinont piovails in
ll... .......Iil..l lli-wul llllll UI1H f I 111 1
ll -
ol 1 1 1(1 1 cit ol tlio impiisoucu aim i
toiin.l niwl iiii
Hlatightoiod Illinois, suriotind tho
mouth of tho pit with loud cries. Mi.
titration, losidont iowei, was soon
on tho spot when it was found that
all tlueo shafts of tho iniiio weio lock
ed, tho cases being fastened in thoni,
.Stratum, with a ropo around his
body, deseondod to tho main scam
mid hoaid tho men talking, ho
thought about lit). Thoy mo consul
oied safe. Thoio is no ipiisoii as jot
to boliovo the pit isoit fiio, but it is
feated tho hulk of tho men have been
A dispatch from Senlumi collioiy
this evening announces that 10 nion
who woio winking in tho two nppoi
HCiiniri of conl have been found eafo
and well. Homo of thorn volunteoiod
mid aio helping to icsoiio thoir com
i ailos who aio seventy fathoms lower
The bottoms of both shafts aio still
Mocked up with dolnis. Up to seven
o'clock a total of 57 men had boon
lescued, tho majoiity iu unexhausted
condition. Many thousand of peo
ple mo ciowdiug mound tho mouth
of tho pit. Tho guiding minks iu
tho pit woio blown to pieces, and ox
ploiois consequently find thoir woik
xory dillleult. Thoy will keep at it
"11 nihht iu tho hopu of clcmiitg it
wiy into tho shaft by moiiiing. So
fur thoio is no sifit of Uio, hut il is
ovident that thou, must bo u lingo
ncoiiiniihition of gas. Onu bundled
mid fifty men mo still iu tho pit,
"Novel mind anv iixnbiiiatiiins." in-
terruiiieii 10 woiiiiin. "I want i.inda , , " . ii,i,. f..,i ii ui,,,, n,,,, ii,.i ; i ' ",,a llll"nl ""' l"u """"" '"
ivnu liv Mr full imti 111 tin. Dig I V 10(1,1111(1 llOlllg HOW lUSl 111 1101 . , . .o-.i ri'i .... 1
liioiiifht mi In know looL'orfv Iilmiios was ae opiod nv .vir. 1 uu 01111 in mo s - n j of July 1 1, I81O. 1 hat statute, under
iiiouKiimp 10 know jogori.v , nguios, 1 ,.,,,.,...., ., M ... v ,,., . ... puitie .gives pioiniso of next ox- . ', .r ,. , ,
wnt 111:. and soel ouranhv, am f "hl ol ll PU),,"", llml ,l,u ''C- ' ... ' s. ' . . ,- . whojo bonificent ojieiatioiH such 10-
Hiiiuih, nun rjn miiiii n, miii " , I if 1 if ,1 f , 1 ,N .1 1 lelhng 101 own wondeifu record." ,. ,. , .. , r .,
jou'vogota hoau and aro spoo ' 'lf I rst f in the futuio, and ""'', J,. tIIIlfll0 ,)Iomieto. Mr J S ! llL'f 1,,,s comu to H'u l'njcw of the
to tho theatre ono night, a eandypull I ;.'" '-l- "i Ik. I ' J "" I 1 ' fnilod States, WlW opposed at even
.1 .. i.... .1 i dionoo to tho Koneial Oovoiliinoiit i "' nelson, pmpoies ui vt.iopiu0 a ao . . , n,.Hv
.... ... .... (iHim rn in inn. ' in cmiiiit-iimi.i ne n" " "u"i " "'"' "" 11 t l .1... r 1 .
uio nexi, a ooisu-iacu ion nei, nun i ....... . . ,, ,. r,,,.,,!,. ,,f .i, n,,,,,,,, ,.i, ,,,, 1. --i--v - - i
soon.vou, mind can't bo on eduea-1 ' ,u 'h' l''o, soon violated her, o, , .1 "J ' ' , " "' 5. ! Cong.ess-Mi. II.,, .,,,1 and Mr
- i ..1...1...V " i i uiriiii ixi'i'iniii: mill iiiiiiLiniii uiiiu-
Vol. II. MA.RSI-Hni333JL,T), OR,
A 'urloiiM lllNlory A lloolt
Hint NIiomn llm Whj Thej
Tench tint Noiillicni Voii n c
lilcit Hom to Nhoot.
Chicago Intor-Oceau.
'Phoio niu ultiii .State tights muii or
old Ciilhnonists now in Chicago who
feel so Hltougly that the will not, al
low thoii ohildion to load tho school
i hiKloiioM in iiho, hut send .South foi
Miioh win histories as hao been pub
lished Micro enloilng the situation to
Hiiit the piojudicos of tho old enemies
of tho Government.
Among tho books biought to tho
oily foi tho iiho of those children,
ho oarofully gttaidod fiom t 10
influoiico of Northern HcntiiiKiit,
in a Hohool histoiy of tho United States
hy Hlaokbuin and MacPouald, and
published hy u Baltiinoio house foi
use in uio noiiinciu Mines, this is
now in its ninth edition, and tho too
i il is biought down to 1877. Yo
, ,.r,.,l fmm (ho calaloL-uo of tl h
i.-i,,.,. ,lllir ,1,,.,, r 101 11...1 ii.
......, v. ....v ... tr, ..... MIV
school history is immeiiHcly popular
and in eiy gouoial use south of .Ma
son and l)iou'h line, and wo loaru
from published lecoiiimondations that
Iho Lieutenant (!oornoi, .Senators,
House of delegates, Hiiporiutcndaut of
public schools in Viigiuia joined Hit
hook, its plan, sentimoiil and spiiit.
Tho histoiy has boon hofoio tho
Southern public for many years, and
is now u-ed in the public "schools of
Viihiiu ami several other States.
n.oro is nothing in the literary woik -
nansh.p or in the airangomont to
recnmmeiid it. It is simply a section-
al histoiy, wiitton in such a way as
to encourage sectional picjudico.
In the school histoiies usoil in the
North, political quostitnis are fiom
(ho necessities of the case treated with
Iho gruitost faiintss. In tho South-
0111 hislorv thev aro draooid to tho
" nn
fiont with paitis.iu olliontoiy Tin
Kok is wiitton witli tho apparent
puipos to make prominent the fact
that fiom tho liist thoio was a sting-
gh foi masloiy between the North
and the South. It is stated that
- .'...... I f... . I...U Ill, I
t'u' Constitutional Convention of 17X7,
tho stoimiest diseiuston- vveio as to
the relative power of tho twoseetions
The student is not allowed to lo-o
sight of ibis stiuggle, ami at tho tune
of the South Carolina nulitication
lb. eats iu lsJUthoNotth is mado m j
I appear as the cause of the North Cat
Coming down tho coinpiomiso of
1850, tho veiaeious histoiiau savs.
"Tho South gained the fugitive slave
law. Fvoti this was of little benefit
to tho South, as its ptovisious weio
olotvcl in tlio .xoi thorn states in
(t ven. fow imimcw of Ca,l0UI,
it is said : "Ho was the gioat icpro
sentaiivoof tho South; and it was
the chief aim oj his political life to
stioiigthon the powoi of the South iu
tho (iovoiniuont, so that she might
ho enabled toioM-,t thooucioachmonts
of the North upon her tights."
Down to tho time of I ho John Hiown
laid (ho Ninth had boon, ncioidiug
to this chionicle, constantly iu the
I lu ...1 ..A t..
consider litis:
"I'ho doctiino taught hy the aboli
tionists of tho Ninth biought foith,
in tho latter pat t of l5i, their inov itu
hloiosttlts. John Ihowu.ii Northein
fauatio and a noted ICaus.ts assassin,
at iho head of n small body of despot
iidoos, took forcible possession of tho
United States armory at Harpoi's
Fouv "
Coming down to tho poi iol of tho
war, Abtahaiu Lincoln is desmibod as
a sectional candidate for Pioidont,
whoso election was, to tho South, a
coniinoiicoiiiont of hostilities," ami
tho iinpiossion is convoyed that tho
Southern people, having boon "for
years piovonted by mob violoncofiotn
onjoving their constitutional lights
in tlio Notth," could do nothing olso
than "abandon a tiovoinmont which
h'td fallen into (lie hands of thoii
avowed enemies."
Thoir Uoptosentiitives iu Congiess,
iu bidding fat ow oil, "htiilod ft defiance
at thoir political oninuios, who had
tli iv on them to to thoir lust icsuit of
honor." Mr, Iltichanan is dcsciihcd
as a "Statu lights Doiuooiat who had
always piofosscd to boliovo in the
lights of secession," and who mado no
attempt to piovont it by foico.
Iu tho histoiy of tho warthoio is a
oloar puivoisiou of factH in the Con
fodoiato intoiost, mid fiequontly h
iou olllcois mo lofotiod to coiitumpt
uoiuly. Col. FUwuith is spoken of
as "n famous tough and eiious-iidei
of Chicago," and his assassin nx ono
to bo "tanked among tho p.itriolio
mmtvmof hiHlory. (Jon. IJutloi in
dcoiihcd as "a lioitHt " Banks is io
foricd to iih u political Ooncial, and
aiiothor distinguished ooniiuaiider is
niontionod an "an ollleei by tho uuiiiu
of John Tope." Throughout tho war the groat work of statesmanship that ' cehed n fatal blow, and all ctlort at gon and the Toniloiies between tho
the Ooufcdoiiitcs aio tininforinly hiio- dool.d upon tho Uopubliem p.uty. steady piogics and ordcily deolop-, Sien.i Xovnda and the ltocky Monn
consful o( opt when overpoweied by At oory stop in thin gigantic under- inent of the great business and com- tains, aro thinlj populated, and hold
tlueo or four timoi their nuinbci.
i:eu in tho hint engagements of the
wai "tho CoufcdoiatoH wcio victori
ous" Finally, it is said : "Tho piimai
cause of the failuio of the Confedera
cy wa that Iho people of tho South
were not ttuaiiimntt in theii dibits to oiedit in ISO'); second, the act to pro
gain their libel ly In tho history of , vido for the refunding of the public
the world 11 unitid people smuggling debt in 1S70; the thiul, the att foi
for liberty hao mur been stibjug.t-1 the rciimiitiou of specie payment,
tod" passed in 187.". Against eoi one of
The italics aio gicn in tho book.
The infeienco is plain. If in tho next
attempt the .South is united she "will
not be subjugated."
Ihiough has been said of this school
histoiy to show its character and to
illustiate the spiiit of lhoe who put
it iu the hands of school children
Thoj aio still lighting tho battle of
the old .South, and they are kt oping
alive tho old prejudices foi no good
A Wonderful .fvrni-y .
1'iof Henry i: Alvoid, Fast Hainp-
ton, Mass , has taken special pains to
'"'I!1 the claims put foith foi
' l1"' '" iftil cow, "Jeiso.v (iucen,"
HIN "ml "J"-'"'" ', old, owned at
' i. i . ami is sausooo imu sue
jiiodueed duiing the jcar ended last
Match, 71! pounds of unsalted bultei.
"Had all the milk been used for but
ler, and tho usual itiautity of salt
bten added, thoio would have been
! -oiifitlfinl.l over NX) pounds of inc.-
chautahlo butler from this ono cow
'""""' 1''" ' " A de-motion, in -I w
l.rfi.i...j. . r 1. ..
1 iimn l ullmilor, ot too appeaianco
and tieatmont of this gioat daiiv
piio, mentions "extiaoidinaiy devel
opment of iiddoi mid milk veins, per
fection of coat, beauty of face, and es
pecially leni.tikablo eves She is
"- - "" -
111 mi 111 iiv 110 uiu.ininiypicfli iicuuiv
. .1 .
of that bleed but tbeie is soinethingl
. .
viiy atliaetivo itliout lid, ami she,
luisaioallv queenly ah Sho sho.vs
gioat sticugth of constitution and
"li-iidiiu-s of norve-nothing seems
to distuiD her She has seldom io-
ping and judi
ing a fact, the importance of which
will bo inoio icadily ieoogni7cd when
it is lomoiubcted that the aveiago
viold of butter cows iu this country
is, as ct, IcvH than 1 10 pounds a veil.
Cmiivcit.n Among tho happiest
and proudest possessions of a mini is
his ehatactor. It is Ins wiiilth it is
a rank of itself. It usually ptoouie's
him tho hoiiois, and taiely the
otistos of fame l.iko most ttcastiios
that aie attained l'ssly eiieun s .nc
es than ottisolves, diameter is.i moio
felicitous icpiitution than glorv.
Tho wise man, theiofoto, despises not
tho opinion of tho woild ho esti
mates it at its full value ho does not
wantonly jeop.udio his tioiisttro of
a good name. Ho docs iut tush from
vanity, alone, against tho lccotvcd
statements ofothcis; he does not ha
anlhiscostly jewels with unwoilhv
combatants, and for a potty stake
Ho icspocts tho legislation of decorum.
What is the essence mill tho life of
chaiactor? Ptinciplo, iutogiity, in
dopoiidenco' or, as ono of tho gioat
old wiitcis hath it, "that iubied loyal
ty, into Virtue, vvhieh can sorvo her
without a livoty." These aio qualities
that hang not upon any man's hieath.
Thoy must ho foi mod within oui
solvos; thoy must bo miulr ouiseliei
indissoltiblo and indistiuctib'o as the
soul! If, conscious of thoso possess
ions, wo trust tiauquilly to tiiuoiiud
occasion to louder thorn known, wo
may lost iihsiited that our ohaiaotor,
sooner or later, will establish itself.
Wo cannot moto defeat oui ow n object
than by a restless and fovoiod anxiety
as to what tho woild will say of us.
Thoio is a inoial honesty in a duo le
gaid for oLuiaetor which will not
shape itself to tho huiuoi.s of tho
oiowd. And this, if honesty, is no
loss wise. For tho oiowd novyr long
osteonts thoso who Hatter it at thoir
own expense. Ho who has tho suplo
mb8of tho donuigoguo will live to
complain of tho liokleuuis of tho mob,
; it's Student.
StMisiMiini! for tho Co.vbr,
Only tU.OOpor aiinuiu.
ICcMIIIIIlf loll llllll ilH 0)M)NI'l'lt.
From Rltiincs ppe-cili, Hath, Mo.
Vo oaino out of tho war with u ileht
that was ilibcotn .iKttiyly huge, and
with a ouiienoy dangerously dopro
eialod. To piovido for tho roduclion
of the deltl and tho icstoiatinn of the
i ciitroiic to the speiie standanl was.
, taking tho Democi.itic nuty, tho nros -
out Hiipportcm of (Jon. Hancock,
prosonted thenifohos an an obstruc
tion mid a hindi.into. The thrco
gloat enactinontH that biought a
sound ciinency to the people wore,
fii-t, tho act to Httcngthen the public
tlieso moasiiios the Dcmoeiatic p.uty
olb-itd a stern resistance. I believe I
am entiioly accurate in saving that
iu neither branch of Congicss did
any of those gioat and essential incas
uies locoivo the suppoit of a Mngic
Deinociatic vote.
Mossis. Thiitmaii ai.d H.ivard, the
leadois of tho Deinociatic party iu
1 Congiess, united in a vigorous onpo -
Isition to tlic-o measure. When the,
att of 1800, declining that tho United !
States would pay its obligations in
the money of the woild, was pending,
Mr. and Mr. li.naid both
voted foi a imposition to pay oil' tho
public debt at tho Lite lopiesonted by
its com value at the tunc tho loans
wore negotiated, dccl.uing iu the
amendment thoy supported that this
was the just measure of the obligation
of the United States; and when the
amendment was lojectcd, Mr. TI1111
m.m oll'eieil and Mr. Ikiv.ud voted
for an amendment excepting the
iiinhuuiii i.,.i.,u it.,... nwirn dm,,
half tho public debt, from anv obliga-. '"cinl pohc of China means more purcnase tins .aim or larming pur
tion of coin Had the j.oli- tl"'" "I'l" ' o. Savs our poses generally fell the t.ecs and
i ...i V. ai. mm i coi respondent: "The 400.000.000 of bum them to clear the land. In this
...VS h. - 1 (((V HUIIV, lllllll
I" V III! Vlll'llll'll III .111. I II II 1 lllllll lllllll
tion would have boon dishonoicd and
-... hy Vl f b, , .
1 ... . . , , ,, ,.
in miiiit win iiiiniilnmnfl liv in Mnnin.
' ' , , ,. , ,
ciatie n.iitv at that true was more
I sweenint: iu its terms and nioip
.":.... , .,. .
tious iu its cci tain consequences than
any of tho modem Uiccnb.iek hoio
SlOS. 1
Die second gieat inc.isuie to
Thin man, m u-iia!, in the lead Tho
piovisiou exempting bonds fiom tax
ation was absolutely essential to fund
ing the debt at a low late of intuiost
Yet Mr. liii.vuid olleied and advocated
an amendment stiiking out this io
vision fiom tho law, and all the Dcm
ociats in Congnv-s voted with him.
Mr. Jkivaid ftnthor advocated the
substitution of tho old State bank
s.v stem for the National hank sjstoin
a mcasuio fiaught with moicilosss
disaster to tho whole financial mid
commcicial community. Happily
the Republican p.uty was able to do
feat this destiuotivo pioposition, and
tho funding act of July 11, 1S70, was
placed on the statute book. At the
tnno of its passage seven-eighths of
the public debt was bc.uing fl per
cent, intciest; today sc.ueoly one
eighth of tho dobtboais that tate, and
no.xt j car, if tho Republican policy is
piesotved, all the roiuaiudoi of the
sixes will bo funded at I per cent.
When the war closed the annual in
teiost on tho public debt exceeded
f 150,000,000; to day, under tho'finan
cial polic.v of tho Republican p.uty,
the annual intoicst is less than ?80,
000,000, mid tho ptincipnl of tlio debt
has boon i educed mom than fMX),000,
00J. The thiid and ctowning moasiuo of
tlio Republican financial policy was
tlio act of lh75 foi tho icstiinption ot
spoiio piijtnouts, passed by tho Re
publican party ov or tho united oppo
sition of the Domoeiats, lint a single
Domociatio Senator or Reptesentu
tivo voting for it, and a jear and
a half after its passage tlio Pom
ooiatio p.uty, iu National con
vention, by a unanimous vote demand
ed tho iopoa1 of tho Resumption Act ;
and if thoio bo ono piominont Pino
ouit in the United States who sop mi
nted himself fiom his paity on that
Mr. Hav.ird and tho whole Democrat-1 1Itiliitioii have long been found to
ic p.utv been us,tained, the ,)Mblc be too many for the territorial limits
debt would have been paid oll'at fiom jof tI,c empire, vast as they arc. J.'v
tiS to n cents on the dollai ; the na-1 cr-N '"l.l'o P''O of land is cultivat-
question, his ninno has escaped my " ''" '! of nations,
ohseivation. 1 not singled out I Undor thoso ciicunistaucos, it is
Mr.Thunnnu ami Mr. Iliiynul in nny j t fatianyo Hint at tho Roilin con
oflbusivosonso, hut simply as tho lead-, foionco last j em, a ptopoition should
om of tho Pomocratio p.uty; and havo hoon mado to take soino action
tlio iccord shows that ovuiy slop tak- looking to a Utuoponn alliance
on for tho uistoraiion of bpceio pay- against tho oucioaohmont8 of tho
uiont and tho bettor adjustment of Chinoto. Tlio United Slntew is pto
tho National debt ban boon oppocd,' tectod fiom thU piwsihlo iuvtuiuu by
hindered and obstructed hy both
those cniinont Senators, and by all
their follow cm; nor is it in the light
of to day any exaggeration to nay
that if the policy ndvocatcd hy thorn
had boon adoited, tho business of the
country would still ho in confusion,
the National credit would have ro -
1 meicial intercuts of the countrv would
I hao been vain and fruitions.
If the incaures I bine (piotcd and
thcrceoid 1 h.ixorofeiied to correctly
depict tho course of the Democratic
puty iu the past, what might j 011 ex
pect from it in the future? And in
the light of this experience, and in
the full view of thco facts, I ask all
the otcm of Mai. io, art (I of the whole
I'nion, so as my xoicc can loach
them, whether they think the fiuan-
! ci.d policy that has pnncd to bril-
li.intly successful should now be
placed under tho control of men who
wore its bitterest opponents, 01 wheth
er it had bettor bo kept iu the hands
of its fi tends. Among these fiiends
none tronger, abler, 11101c zealous or
consistent can be found than James
A. (iailiuld. Never by won! or deed,
l s0 fur as I know, 1ms Oonoial Han-
cock over undo any expression on
the ouhjoot. His letter of acceptance
j, discreetly, or. as I should sjv, in
discreetly, silent iu regard to this
groat subject, as indeed, it is in lcfer
ence to nil niattois of adininistiation
that would come up for judgement
a President of tho United
Tlio 'liiii'Ni SInnIovv.
A correspondent, w ho has c idcntlv
given the Chinese problem seiiou
coiisidciation, cxpre-scs the opinion
inai me reconi eiiangc in mo com-
ccl alul kUn i'ioih ire toiceu to live
"" thewatois, cultivating iiatehos of
-m on mils mil llit lmil-
sun uu laua iiui u. it
Life in
China is held of little v.iluo Tho
I 1""'1 " lltnl ' 1UUL '" "ll-
mtiltitudo are hold as cat tie. to be
j "P"-i oi as mo interests oi noiun
, oi inon mastois m.iv uieiaie. v
natural result of this condition will be
i rt struggle for more room. I ho C lu-
nosc nave uiscovcreu me sun
shines and the rain falls on other
lands, and that the produce of Iho
earth is as good as their own. Why
should they lem.un imprisoned in
their territory when comp.uatively
thinly populated countries aro open
to invasion? That tho Chincso Gov
ernment has abandoned its poliev of
isolation is now evident. Hor people
may go where they will. Put whore
ever thoy may go, they will lemain
subjects of tho Chinese Umpeior and
uiiilei his protection. Tho lecont ap
pointment of a high dignitary as a
kind of supunor Minister to look
after the interests ef Chinese iu dif
ferent lands, and tho more lccent
change of cotnmeicial policy, aio eon
cltisivo that tho Kmphc is pioparing
to take part in tho afiairs of the woild,
and thoio is no leason why it should
not take tho tank which its immenso
lOsouieos enable it to maintain. Tho
populations of tho gieat Fttropean
powcis vary between twcnty-livo mil
lions and fifty millions. Kusia alone
execeds tho latter number. Fiance,
Cierniany, Aiistiiit. the United King
dom of Cicat Ptitain, excluding de
pendencies, contain loss than fifty
million. Tho United States has, in
lound numbers, foi ty-nino millions.
Tho Chincso Umpire has 100,000,000.
Inn war thoy could put soldiots in
tlio field against thoso nations com
bined, at tho into of two to one. They
could swiu m over Uiyopoor Amoiic.i,
and o oi shadow thoir nativo popula
tion by foicc of numhcis. The pop
ular idea is that tho Chinese mo not
good soldiois. That idea w ill explode
when thoy have good officers and
good guns, Tho Chincso have a cer
tain contempt for life, growing out of
thoir condition, which is closely al
lied to phjsical coinage. They aic
patient, outlining and contented un
der tioatinont that would iuspiio
a ft eo race like Amoiicaiis to lobel.
In a contest, either in poaco or war;
these qualities will toll. An oiupiio
linger than any live nations in Uu
lopo or Amorica is about to demand,
ot has illicitly demanded, admittance
35, 1880. jNo. 39.
eoriil thousand miles of water,
, This is a tolerably good security
, against a hostile invasion, but none
, at all from a peaceful one. Tho l'a
cifio ocean can bo crossed more easily
and cheaply than tho same distance
'on land, if a friendly port can bo sc-
1 cured on this side. California, Ore
'out tho most nroinUim: field for Chi-
1 ueo uumigiants.
The Wuj the Tree are oIn.
Washington Star
Persons who have taken tho pains
to make the calculation estimate that
at the piescnt into of destruction the
vast forests of thi- countiy will have
disappeared in forty jcars, leaving
the United States without timber.
How to econoniio the forests is the
question being discussed, and dillcr
pnt suggestions aic made, but none
of them are likely to be adopted or
cnfoiccd. Ono is, that the owners
and operator-of sawmills should les
sen tho quantity of lumber thoy arc
turning out ; that because of the pres
ent plentiful supply of timber, lum
ber can be sold at at a verIovv price
and it is "being utshed upon the
inaikct." At long as the profit can
be icali7cd it is useless to talk about
curtailing the quantities of lumber
being sawed. The men who have in
vested in sawmills did so for profit,
and they aie not going to suspend
operations because the next genera
tion may not be able to get lumber
It is aio suggested that the Govern
ment tin 11 its attention to spving
sueUi of the public domain as is cov
ered by line old timbcr-pioducing
forests. This land can be purchased
now at fl 25 cents per acre, and this
low price is one of the causes that
makes cheap lumber. The men who
I , ... , ., , .
way millions ot splendid old forest
trees that it required many jcars to
develop aie annually destioyed; but
what else can be done with them?
The pioneer who vontuies out on the
bottlers to establish a homo is, usual
ly, too iemote from inaikct to sell his
timber, and ho should soon die of
starvation should he leave the trees
standing, waiting for the time to
como when he would havo facilities
for transporting his timber to market.
The immigrants who arc coming to
our countiy by tho thousands aro
seeking land to cultivate. In order
to raise crops the timber must fall
from the laud. For the Government
to take all of its timbered land fiom
the inaikct for tho benefit of future
generations, would bo to check the
extension of agticulturc, fiom which
wo deiivo most of our wealth. The
only practical way of meeting the dif
ficulty of a future deficiency of tim
ber seems to bo tho present cultiva
tion of now crops of tiees. Such ex
periments as havo been tiied in the
raising of trees best adapted to the
purposes of lumber have been sitccois
ful. Under cultivation they grow
faster than when loft cutitely to na
ture, and a ciop of tices planted by
ono genoiation would produce excel
lent lumber for the next.
Tho iricnrtl t'hliics.o.
ThoPoitland Bulletin has tho follow
ing; At tho Chineso theatre, at 2
o'clock this morning, tho actors came
within an aco of being butcheied by
thoir excited countrymen in the au
dience. Tho play was concluded an
hour anil a half before it should have
been, accoiding the assemblage, who
also say that they woio cheated by an
other picco having been substituted
lor that advoitised. They left tho
building in a fo.uful stato of ox-oito-mont,
200 strong, brandishing thoir
weapons of all kinds and tlucalening
tliro vengonco on tho lessees and
tioupe. They attempted in a frantic
manner to io cuter tho thoatio mid
would havo ovei powered Voglesang
tho w hito guard, but for tho opportune
ttiiival of Olliccrs Hudson and Gillies,
who woio obliged to iliavv and cock
thoir pistols, in oulor to subduo mid
dispoiso the angry mob who would
have, if permitted, without a doubt,
killod ovoiy actor in tho building.
Ai.kxis's washerwoman takes his
liundlo of and socks down to
tho Syotlina, and sits on thorn till she
gets tho money duo. Sho says sho has
"washed for sailois bofoto during war
times, and whon thoy .no ouloicd
away to bo killed jou lose ovety cout
thoy owe yo." Pittsburg Dliputch.
Tho lfor says: A now sloop,
which was lost on tho passage hoin
Tillamook soino four of fivojoats ago,
and omno upon thobtmch bolow Point
Adam, was, successfully lo-launohod
on Sunday last ami biought to this
poit iu tow of tho tug Antuiia.
Tlip l)peloiimcnt of our Mines, tlio
Imnrov cutout of ourlinihor. ntul mil-
! road ooiiiinunication with tho Interior
Io We i:t Too Much.
bunion Standard.
Tho amount of nourishment whiclr
a person needs greatly depends on his
constitution, state of health, habiti
and work. A pcdontnry man requires
less than o io whose duties demand'
the exorcise of his muscles, and a'
brain worker needs more than an idler.
Hut, unquestionably, the majority of
us take moio than we need. Indeed
food and woik arc distributed most
unequally. The man of leisiiTc is al
so a man of means, and accordingly
fares sumptuously every day; whiler
tho laborer toils for eight hours, antt
finds it diffiictilt to get enough lo re
pair the waste of his tissues. Yet ni
Chinaman or a Bengalee will toil un
der a tropical sun, mid a few pice
worth of rice or jowiali is sufficient
to sustain his strength. A Fro.ich
man will not eat half what an En
glishman engaged in tho same labor
will demand ; and a Spanish laborer,
content in ordinary times with a vva
tcrmellon and a piece of black bread,
will toil in the vinov arils and grovr
fat on a dietary of onion poiritlgoand
It is true that Mr. Brasscy, when
building the continental r.iilwavs,
found that one Unglish navvy was
worth a couple of spaio feel foreign
ers. But, on the other hand, tho
British Columbian and Californian
coal diggers, than whom a more mag
nificent set of athletes does not exist,
live in the remote mountains of tho
far vv est, mostly on beans flavored with
a few cubes of pork. But tlu-y alo
obtain the best of water and the pur
est of air, and their out-door life and
active exorcise enable them to digest
every ounce of their frugal fare Tho
English soldier, though better fed than
those of any army except the Ameri
can, do not get one half the amount
of solid nutriment that the idlest of
club loungers cousidcis indispensable
to his sustenance.
An athlete in training is allowed
oven less food ; vet he prospers on the
limited fare, mid prolongs his life by
the icgiment to which ho has been
subjected. King Victor Emmanuel
was a monarch of the most robust
phvsiquc, yet ho ate only one meal .i
day: and it is manifestly .tbsurd for
any man to requhc thrco more or
les weighty meals and an afternoon
co) of tea to biipport the exertion of
walking to the club, riding an hour in
the park, writing a note or two, and
dancing a couple of miles around a
ball-room. The ancients had their
"amethustuoi," or "sober stones," by
which thoy regulated their indulgence
at table. The moderns have not even
this. But the-have their gout and
(heir lives to warn them, when it is
too late, that nature has been over
taxed. Josii Billings. Prudery iz often
like the old chcsuut-buir; it duz
seem as tho it never would open, but
by and by it yields tew the frost, and
lets the futit drop out.
I ilon't beleavo in tho final salv.i
shun ov all men, bckausc there aro
so lncnny kases in which i kant'sce
how it i. going tew bo made tew pay.
I look upon tho Noith Polo nz ono
ov them pekuliar spots ov ground; if
it aint never found, we bo nono
ov tho wiiss off; and if it . found wo
shant bo nono tho bettor ofl.
Doth iz an anow shot into a krowd ;
the reon vvhi it hit another iz
bekauzo it missed us. s
Ally genius iz like arly cabbage ; it
dont apt tevr hod well.
Hurry and dispatch aro often con
founded, but thoy aro a, unlike az
the habits ov tho pissiniio and tho
Thcro aint but phovv men vvoak
en lift' tew admit their jealousy: oven
a disgiaced rooster in a bainyard will
git a lectio further ofl' and begin to
ciow a new reputashtiii.
Cunning, at best, only duz. thedirty
woik ov wisdom ; therefore I dospizo
A Cuic.vao telegram of August 30th
says: Tho contracting orco on tlio
extension of tho Northern Pacific west of the Missouri will
comploto tho guiding to tho Yellovv
stono eaily in October. Tho Presi
dent of tho toad has diiectcd tho
Chief Pngineer to tiansfor tho work
ing foiee directly across tho located
lino of tho Yellowstone division, with
intent to leaeh and pass Miles City
and Fort Kcogh noxt July.
Tin: Ashland Tidings says ; Joseph
Scott mid Mi. Millor.of Kdcn picciuct
whilo hunting in Iho Cascade moun
tains, Miller wounded a buck, ami
while following it discovoiotl a move
ment in tho biiohos, ho shot hisfiiund
Scott tluough tho light shoulder.
Though voiy painful tho wi0Hl i
not voiy dangerous, hut may lotno tho
tho bhouldor a little .tifiuned.