The Coast mail. (Marshfield, Or.) 187?-1902, May 29, 1880, Image 1

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Mr i
The Coast Moil.
Marshflold, Coon Co., Or.
Six montlie -Three
In Advance.
$2 CO
1 CO
1 00
tiUite of Oregon.
Governor, W. W. Tlmyor
Hcctetnry of State, It. P. Earlmrt
Treasurer, E. Hursh
Hupt. Public Schools, J. L. Ppwell
2d Judicial District.
Dlntrlct Atlornoy,
J. P. Watson
B. II. Hazard
Coot County.
County Judge,
School Supcriiitomlcnt,
J. II. NoMlor
John Kcnyon
H. 0. Dement
A. O.Aikon
Alex. Slanff
I). Morse, Jr
John Laho
J. V. Moore
T. 0. Mnckoy
Vol. II.
MABSHFIELD, OK., 8ATUBDAYMAY 29, 1880. No. 22.
The Coast Mail.
ax.Ii Xixrx xmmxr:
The Development of our Mini's, th
Improvement of our harbor, ami ril
Toad communication with the Inter ice
ok oino,
March 17, 1880.
Curry County.
County Judge,
School Supl.,
Dolus Woodruff
5 P. Hughos
(J. A. Cool ey
A. II. Moore
Walter Sutton
A. M. Gillespie
M. J). Gibson
Tiinu. Cunningham
C )rrg;onV Moutlicrn .ohi.
JOiniNAt. or i J..- wm.mams-'-cotix.v-
No further change va noticed tin
til the winter of 1853 and 1850. Dur
ing tlila winter I not much w a mo and
MilTcred a great deal of pain. That
portion of tho body near whero the
arrow entered, becamo much swollen
and I was obliged to keep tho bed
much of tho time. Finally, on Feb
ruary 28. 185'.), tho end of tho wooden
joint of tho arrow, to which tho barb
ed point hud boon fus'ened, made its
uppoaraneo on ho surface at tho most
inllamcd part near whore tho arrow
-entered, und with tho aid of a pair of
bullet moulds, I succeeded in drawing
it out. It was a hard vino maplo
utlck, about three inches long, solid
as over and each end had been hard
ened by tho lire. Tins Dr. Fish's tho
ory prqvcd i bo tho correct ono, ami
I nm now fully satisfied, that had any
other course been porsued, my life
would havo ended long boforo this.
Tho pains soon subsided, tho swol
len parts becomo leas inflamed, tho
How of matter ceased, and in tun days
1 threw oil rags and bandages for tho
ilrsttiinosincoSeptomborl.'l. 1851 and
fitoppcd forth a well man.
It is impossible for a person to over
discribo or p rot ray tho general feol
mgsof friendship und sympathy man
ifested towards mo by all, and partic
ularly by tho families with whom I
became acquainted. A child under
tho paternal roof never could havo
received belter cam or attention than
was extended to mo by every ono ; all
iippoar nearer and dearer to mo than
brothers and sisters, and my obliga
tions and sense of gratitude, to th oso
noble men and womun, who weto thus
Providentially drawn towards mo and
no mercifully camo to my instance,
in those trying times, will novcr be
erased from my mind,
A debt of gratltudo of such magni
tude can never bo repaid. They havoJ
Docomo so endeared to me, that, if
necessary, my lifo should bo at thoir
I his is tho class of people, tho pio
neers of tho Umpjun valloy, to whom
I owomyexlstonco, my lifo and myall.
Mn. GARFIELD: The discussion
of this bill has concentrated upon two
topics tho public printing and tho
election laws. On tho subject of tho
public printing I shall tako no time,
except to say this : After ono of the
saddest histories in tho experience of
this Government with tho old contract
system, which broko down by tho
weight of its own corruption, it was
developed and proved beyond any con
troversy that in tho four years preced
ing tho administration of Abraham
Lincoln, out of tho private profits on
tho public printing and blndinir. the
turn of $100,000 was contributed by
tho rublio Printer for political pur
poses, mainly to carry tho Democratic
elections jn Pennsylvania; and that
vast contribution did not exhaust tho
profits of tho Public Printer out of tho
Government. This cxposuro destroy
ed tho wretched contract system, and
thereafter tho Government itself as
sumed tho responsibility of tho work.
At first tho Scnato or the llouso of
Representatives elected a Printer, as
they had a manifest right to do under
tho clauso of tho Constitution which
gives each Houso tho power to elect
its own officers. Hut by and by when
tho office grow into a great national
establishment, in which all tho print
ing and binding for all departments of
tho Government was done, it becamo
manifest that tho Senate was exercis
ing a power of appointmont unwar
ranted by the Constitution j and in the
year 187-1, on motion of Mr. IIlo,of
New York, a resolution was adopted
by a two-thirds vote suspending tho
rules of tho llouso and making in or
der on a sundry civil service appropri
ation bill an amendment to change
the law and make tho Printer an offi
cer of tho United States, to bo appoint
ed by the Prcsidqnt and confirmed by
tho Senate. I had charge of that bill
and voted for tho amendment, as did
nearly all my associates, nnd it was
adopted by tho almost unanimous
yoto of this House, both parties .unit
ing in declaring tho old law uncon
stitutional, and that experience had
proved it unwise; Republicans tak
ing thoir sharo of responsibility for
their own blunders and mistake.; all
agreeing that tho law ought to con
form to tho Constitution.
When tho Democratic party camo
into power in 1870, thoy amonded that
inw oy miiKing k i.iko eiiect imme
diately. Wo had made it tako effect
when a vacancy should occur in tho
olfico of Public Printer. In 1870 tho
law was changed so as to make it tako
effect immediately. And that passed
by tho general consent of both parlies.
Tho proposition now is to go back,
legal question may appear to persons
who have been educated in a different
political school) that although that
court has decided the constitutionali
ty of tho law, that Whon wo como, as
legislators, to ajmroprinto money it is
our duty to say, is this law constitu
tional? or, if constitutional, is it a
good law, and aro wo bouud to appro
priate monoy for it?
Ho undertakes, as will bo scon, to
throw contempt on that decision by
styling it "a sort of cight-by-sovon de
cision." I romlnd him that it Is a
soven-to-two decision, having been
adopted by a larger number of tho
members of tho court than tho major
ity of tho decisions of that tribunal.
It is a decision of n broad, sweenine
character, and declares that Congress
may lako the wholo control of con
gressional elections, or a partial con
trol, as they choose; that tho election
law as it stands on the national stat
ute books is the supremo law of tho
land on that subject.
More than that: the Sunrcmo
Court, not only in this caso but in an
other recent case, has mado a declara
tion which ought to bo engraven up
on tho minds and hearts of all tho peo
ple of this country, And this is its
substance: .
That a law of Congress inlerpeno-
inucs aim uccomes a nartoi overv inw
of every State of this Union to which
us suujcci mailer is appneahio, and is
binding tinon all nconlooii overv fool
of our soil. This is tho voice of tho
NpontitHrouN Combtmflon.
Somo experiments mado at Riga
with reforencc to tho spontaneous
combustion of various materials, wad
ding raw Hax, homp, tho wasto from
ullk, wood and cotton spinning, also
spongo, ns well as wood most found in
tho cabinet maker's shops appear to
lcmoubtrato tho important fact,
among others, that muall quantitio
really tako fire sooner than largo ones.
Tho substances named woro saturated
with various fluids oils, fresh and in
n gummy state, turpentine, polroloumi
various varnishes, oto. All tho fibrous
material took fire when saturated with
any of theso oils, or with mixtures of
tho samo ; spongo and wood dust, on
tho contrary, proved to bo entirely
harmless. Combustion ensued moat
rapidly with sovontoon grains of wad
ding, und slxty-soveu grahiB of strong
varnun namely, in thirtysovon min
utes; while two hundred grains of
washed cotton wiTsto, of which iv por
tion was saturated with 750 grains of
strong oil vnrnNh, und tho remainder
wrapped about it, requited a period of
well nigh fourteen hours. On these
inutoriulB being placed in it well shel
torod spot, and subjected to a heat of
. front 18 to -10 dcg., C, silk did not
flumo up, but slowly clmrrod; and as
already montlouod smnll quantities
tiecjucd tako firo uonor limn largo.
and, in tho fuco of our past oxporionco,
mako a change in this law which will
not affect in any way tho question of
economy, which will not change ono
iota tho machinery of tho manage
ment of public printing, and does not
pretend to bo in tho direction of econ
omy ; but morely abolishes a consti
tutional ofllco and oreates an uncon
stitutional one, takes tho appointing
power out of tho hands of the Presi
dent and unlawfully places it in the
hands of this House, morely to get
somo Democrat into office This is to
no done for no public good, to satisfy
tho demands of party hunger. I havo
no doubt that this amendment will
bo, as it certainly out to bo, ruled out
of ordor, and I will wasto no furthor
words in discussing it.
I will now call attention, during tho
short time loft mo, to what I consider
u matter of far greater moment. My
colleague, Mr. McMahon, in his
speech opening the discussion upon
this bill, mado tho announcement in
Htibstanco, and it remains uncontra
dicted and not protested against by
any ono on this side of tho llouso,
first, that "wo havo not hithnrto
mado, do not in this bill, and will not
in any fuluro bill, make any appropri
ation whatever for supervisors or spec
ial deputy marshals, so far as thoy
havo to do with congressional oloo
tlous," Ho asserts that it was not
proper for any ofllcor of tho Govorn
mont to appoint special deputy marsh
als whoa no appiopriation had boon
mado for that specific purpose
TJon further on ho declares I
quota from his printed speech :
And I doslro to my that bocauso tho
Supremo Court of tho United States
has. decided that the olootlon law is
constitutional bv a. sort of olclit.l.v.
sovpji (leoision-nnd I mean that by a
division apparently according to party
i", . iw,,I,0lu ,'PR'B the good
faith of any nieinbor of tho Supremo
Court, but to show how differently o
Now, the roforo, under this decision
.tho election laws of tho United States
are tho laws of every State in this Un
ion. No judgo of election, no State
officer or other person connected
with any congressional election, no
elector who offors hiH ballot at any
such election, can with impugnity
lift his hand or do any act against any
of tho provisions of theso laws. They
rest down upon congressional elec
tions in every Stato like tho " casinc
air," broad and general, protecting
with thcirdignitycvory act and pone'
trating with thoir authority every
function of congressional elections.
Thoy nro tho supremo law of the land
on that subject.
Rut now a Representative, speaking
for tho Democratic party in this
House, rises, not with the plea which
he could have mado with somo show
of plausability last year, that tho law
is unconstitutional and that therefore
thoy Mould not enforco it but, with
a constitutional law, declared so by
tho Supremo Court, covering him and
filling tho Republic from end to .end,
reaching overywhero and covering
every foot of our soil where a congres
sional election can bo hold, he rbosin
his placo and declares that tho Dom
ocratic party will not execute tho law
nor permit it to bo obeyed.
no who aro tho sworn law-makers
of tho nation, and ought to bo exam
ples of respoct for anil obedience to tho
law wo who beforo wo took our first
step In legislation sworo boforo God
and our country that wo would sup
port tho supreme law of tho land wo
aro now invited to become conspicu
ous leaders in tho violation of tho law.
My colleaguo announces his inten
tion to break the law and invites Con
gress to follow him in his assault upon
Mr. Chairman, by far tho most for
midable danger that thrcatons tho
Ropublio to-day is tho spirit of law-
urcuKiug which snows itself in many
turbulont and alarming manifesta
tions. Tho people of the Pacific
Coast after two yours wrestling with
tno.snlnt of communism in tho city
M S;in Francisco, havo finally grap
pled with this lawless spirit, and tho
leader of it was yesterday sentowced to
penal servitude- as a violator of tho
law. Dut irhflt can wo say to Dennis
Koarnoy and his associates if to-day
wo announuo ourselves the foremost
law-breakers of tho country and sot an
oxample to all the turlulenl and vi
cious olomonts of disorder to follow
My colleaguo Mr. McMahon tries
to shield his violation of tho law be
mud a section of tho statutes which
provides that no disbursing or othor
officer shall mako any contract invol
ving tho cxpoudituro of monoy bo
vond what is appropriated for tho
purpose I answer that I hold in my
hand a later law, a lator statute, which
governs tho restrictive law of which
ho speaks, which governs him and
governs tho courts. It is tho election
law Itself. I invito attention briefly
to its substance Sections 2011 nnd
012 of tho Rovisod Statutes provide
that upon the application of any two
citlxens of any oity of moro than twon
ty thousand inhabitants to havo tho
olootion guarded and scrutinized, the
judge of thaoirouit'eourtoftho United
States shall hold his court opon dur
ing ten days preceding tho election,
Tho law oommauds tho judgo of tho
court to so do,
In tho open court from day to day,
and from timototiino,the judgo shall
appoint, and, under tho of the
court, shall commission two citfzons
of different political parties who are
voters within tho precinct whero thoy
reside, to bo supervisors of tho elec
tion. That law is mandatory upon the
judgo. Should ho refuse to oboy ho
can be impeached of high crimes and
misdemeanors in office. Ho must
not stop to enquire whether an appro
priation has been mado to pay these
supervisors. The rights of citizens
aro involved; upon this application
tho judge must act. Rut what then?
Again, section 2021 provides that
on tho application of two citizens the
marshal of the United States shall ap
point special deputy marshals to pro
tect tho supervisors in tho execution
of their duty. And the law is manda
tory upon tho marshal. Ho must
obey it under the pains and penalties
of tho law. What then? When tho
supervisors and special deputy mar
shals, havo been appointed they find
their duties plainly prescribed in tho
law. And then section C521 provides
mm ii nicy iicgicci or rciuso to per
form fully all these duties enjoined
upon them, they aro liable to fine and
imprisonment, xney cannot excuse
their neglect by saying, "Wo will not
act becauso Congress has not appro
priated the money to pay us." All
these officers aro confronted by the
imperial command of tho law first
to the judgo and marshal to appoint,
then to the supervisor and deputy
marshal to act, and to oct under the
pains and penalties of fine and im
prisonment. Impeachment enforces
tho obedience of the judge; lino nnd
imprisonment tho obedience of tho
supervisors and deputy marshals.
Now comes ono other mandatory or
der: in the hut section of tin's long
chapter of legislation the majestic
command of the law is addressed both
to Congress and the Treasury. It de
clarcs that thero "shall be paid" out
of tho Treaury 5 per day to theso of
ficers as compensation for their ser
vices. Hero too tho law is equally
imperious and mandatory; it address
es itself to tho conscience of every
member of tho llouso, with only this
difference; wo cannot bo impeached
for disobedience; we cannot be fined
or locked up in tho penitentiary foriiand which the Supremo Couat has
votcu "no, aim rciusing tho appro
priation; wo cannot be fined or im
prisoned if wo refuse to do our duty.
And m, shielded by tho immunity of
his privilege, as a representative, my
colleaguo sets tho example to all of
ficers and all people of deliberately
and with clear-sighted juirposo viola
ting the law of tho land.
Thus ho seeks to nullify tho law.
Thus ho hopes to thwart tho nation's
"collected will." Does my colleaguo
reflect that in doing this he runs the
risk of vitiating every national elec
tion? Suppose his lead bo followed,
and tho demand of citizens for super
visors and marshals is made and re
fused becauso an appropriation has
not been voted. Docs ho not sco tho
possibility of utiating every election
hold where fraud and violoneo aro
not suppressed and tho law has not
been complied with? Yet ho would
risk tho validity of all thccongrcssion
al elections of tho United States;
rather than abandon his party's pur
poso ho would mako Congress tho
chiel of tho law breakers of tho land.
Mr. Chairman, when I took my scat
as a moniber of this llouso. I took it
with all tho responsibilities which tho
place brought upon mo ; and among
others was my duty to keep tho obli
gations of tho law. Whero tho law
speaks in mandatory terms to every
body else and thon to mo, I should
doom it cowardly and dishonorable if
I should skulk bohind my legislative
privilege for tho puiposo of disobey
ing nnd breaking tho supremo law of
the land. Applause
Tho issue now mado is somewhat
difl'crent from that of tho last season,
but, in judgement, it is not less sig
nificant and daugorous. I would
gladly waivo any party advantage
which this controversy might givo
for thosako of that claim and settled
peaco which would reign in this Hall
ifwoolloboyod the law. Rut if thoj
loadorson tlioothcrsidoaro still deter-,
minedtorush upon" their fato by fore-1
iugupon tho country this last issue ,
that because tho Ucmnoratio party
huppon not to liko a law thoy will not
oboy it becauso they happen not to
approve of tho spirit and character of
a law thoy will not lot it bo executed
I tay to gentlomou on tho other
side, if you aro dotorminod to mako
such an issue, it is high timo that the
American peoplo should knov it.
Hero is tho volume of our laws.
Moro sacred than tho twolvo tables of
Rome, this rock, of law rises in inon
uhiouta! gnuidottrnlikonbovo tho peo
ple nnd tho Prcsldont, above tho
courts, above Congress, commnudilij,'
everywhere reverence and obedienco
n its supromo authority. Yet the dom
i ant party in this Houso virtually
declares that "any partoj this volume
that we do not liko and cannot repeal
wo will disobey. Wo havo tried to re
peal these election laws; wo havo
failed becauso wo had not tho consti
tutional power to destroy them ; the
constitution says that they shall stand
in thoir authority and power; but we,
tho Democratic party, in defianco of
tho Constitution, dcclaro that if we
cannot destroy them outright by the
repeal, they shall bo left to crumblo
into ruin by wanton and lawless neg
lect." b
Mr. Chairman, I ask gentlemen on
tho other side,, whether they wish to
maintain this atittidc in regard to tho
legislation of this country? Are they
willing to start on a hunt through tho
State and determine for themselves
what they will obey and what they
will disobey? That is the meaning of
my colleague's speech. If it means
anything it means that. Hcisnot an
old Drandonburg elector, but an elec
tor in this novel and modern sense.
that he will elect what laws ho will
obey and what he will disobey, and in
so far as his power can go, ho will in
fect with his spirit of disobedience all
good people of this country who trust
I ask gentlemen whether this is n
time when it is safe to disregard and
weaken tho authority of law. In all
quarters the civil society of this coun
try is becoming honeycombed through
and through by disintegrating forces
in some States by the violation of
contiactsand tho repudiation of debts;
in others by open resistance and defi
anco; in still others by overturning of
constitutions and lcttinc "tho red
fool-fury of the Seine" run riot among
our people and build its blazing altars
tothestrange gods of ruin and mis
rule All these thincs arn Hlinkinrr
the good order of society, and threaten
ing me loundations of our Govern
ment and our our peace. In a tune
liko this, moro than ever before, this
country needs a body of Jaw-givers
clothed and in their right minds, who
have laid their hands upon tho altar
of the law as its defenders, not its de
stroyers. And vet now. in Uh nnmi
of party, for sonic supposed patty 'ad
vantage, my colleaguo fjoiti Ohio an
nounces, and no ono on his side has
said him nay, that they not only havo
not in the past obeyed but in the fu
ture they will not obey this law of the
WondciTnt feat of Mcmerr H( "" W It.
TJi Paris correspondent of tho New J itr' SJSlin' pcnon-1 orgaa cMaw
Orleans Picayune tells the following crcu"fr tho Democratic prfy for
story: Ono day in January, 1840 a I everything resulting in good for the
long time ago, but as the anecdote , counlry, whilo nil ov result are t-
just crowned with the authority of its
sancton, If my colleague! chooses to
meet that issue, if ho chooses to go to
the country with that plea, I shall re
gret it deeply for my country's sake;
but if I looked only to my party's in
terest it would give me joy to engage
in such a struggle.
Tho contest of last autumn made
the nconle understand the tr.nilnnnip
of gentlemen on tho other side. Now,
this cool, calm, deliberate, assassina
tion of tho law will not bo tolerated.
Wo have had a winter to freczo out our
passion, wo havo had a summer to
thaw out our indifference, we havo
had the changing circles of the year to
bring usaround toordor and calmness,
and yet all the fiery courses of tho
staisscom to haveshed theirinfiuenco
onni)- colleaguo to fire him with a
moro despcrato madness and drive his
party on to a still sadder fate. Ap
plause on tho Republican side
I trust and believe that we may yet
find some response from tho other
sido of tho Houso that will prevent
uiis courso ot proccuure. itwedo.I
will gladly givo away any party advan
tage for thosako of strengthening the
foundations of law and good order.
And I theroforo anneal to centlcmen
on the other sido to prevent a disaster
wnicntneirparty leaders aro prepar-
unpublishcd, and tho actors wcio all
eminent, it will bear telling sovcrcl
professors of the University of Rerlin
were assembled in the council cham
ber and were talking. Ono of them
held tho Vast Gazette in his hand.
Turning to Prof. Boeckh (famous as a
Greek scholar and tho possessor of a
wonderful memory) ho asked : " Do
you think you could in twenty-four
hours get by heart the first page of
that newspaper?" "I am sure I
could." ' Prof. Boeckh, I don't think
you could. I am so sure that you
could not that I'll bet twenty bottles
of wine that you could not." " Slriko
hands. I take your bet." Professor
Boeckh took the newspaper and was
a little shocked to see that the first
page contained nothing but a list of
persons who had, at the recent festival
of the Order of Prussia, received the
ribbon. This insipid litany was, of
course, much more difficult to get by
heart than editorial and intelligence ;
still Prof. Boeckh would not back out
At this moment Prof. Haupt, who was
likewise famous for his tenacious
mcthory, entered the council chamb
er, was told what had occurred, and
dared to take a similar bet. Ho smil
ed and struck hands. Thereupon
Prof. Denary, one of the younger pro
fessors, declared that if the veterans
of tho faculty could do so much, tho
rawer recruits would not be behind
them, and to sustain the honor of his
youthful brethren he too would take
the bet.
The next day all theso professors
were assembled again in the council
chamber. Prof. Boeckh began and
recited the whole page without miss
ing one name, or one Christian name.
or one initial, or one grade of the long
list of persons who had received the
ribbon, from the Minister of Stato to
tho humblest clerk. He rattled it off
as easily as if it had .been the alphabet.
Then Prof. Haupt came to taw and
recite the long nomenclature, but he
avc iMowly and corrected himself
often. Twas now Prof. Benary's turn
to prove himself tho peer of these
grey heads, and ho exclaimed:
"Brethren, do you really think me
capable of fatiguing ablo men with so
stupid a litany for a third ;time? No,
colleagues, I had rather pay for twenty
bottles of good claret." A peal of
laughter shook the council chamber.
ing, not for themselves alono, but for
our common country. I hope boforo
this day is over we may sco such a
voto n this Chamber upon thisbill as
will put an end to this miserable busi
ness, and east out of these halls the
dregs of that unfortunate and crazv
extra session, Applause On the Re
publican side
A Burlesque Miseh. A striking,
if picturesque-looking, figure of a
man can bo seen in n. New Jcrsoy
town. Jfc is dressed in a canvas
shirt, with two meal-bags for breech
es reaching to his knees ; oh his
head is a ranged lint, full of holes.
He is "gold" blind," whatever that
may be ; that is to say, ho imngines
tll!lt flVl'rvtllilKT lina Din linn nf
-.w.r ......g, .,HL, . ...u v, fjwtu ,
or any rate, ho gathers sticks and
stones, under tho impression that
thoy aro coins, and boasts of his
treasures Hoarded in tho swamns
where lie dwells. Ho calls at tho
shops for advertising cards, bills,
etc.. and imngines them hank hills,
and the bright-colored placards of
patent medicine venders lio treats as
united htatcs bonds. Ho cries nnd
wrings his liands when any ono
thrcatons to enter his shanty 'in the
swamp, and spends half tho night
counting over ma lortuuc. in fact,
ho scorns to enjoy lifo as woll as tho
miser who hoards real gold, and the
community's stock of wealth is in
no way diminished thereby. Ho is
a Jiving caricaluro of men who find
pleasure simply in accumulating
money nnd procure no other advan
tage of it for themselves or others,
Cost of Getting inter Parliament.
The British luwb require every can
didate for Parlfament to make a re
turn of his election expenses, and
although tho direction of the law is
not so implicitly followed as to result
in anything liko a complete exhibit,
it nttbrd8some indication of the large
outlay necessitated by such a contest
as that which is now pending. The
total expenditure by candidates at
tho last election in 187G amounted
to $5,235,000. Fortho652scatsintho
House of Commons, there were 1,081
candidates. Less than one-third of
tho whole number, 187, were elected
without opposition. Tho G52 success
ful candidates expended $3,195,000,
and tho 420 unsuccessful ones SDcnt
$2,040,000. Tho average outlay was
largest among the Conservative can
didates, $5,350, and smallest among
tho Homo Rulers, $1,275. In the Eng
lish and Welsh counties the expendi
ture was on a larger scale than in the
average constituencies, reaching $10,
S00 for each Liberal and $7,600 for
each Conservative candidate. In the
contested elections in these counties
the exponses of tho Conservatives
averaged $15,000 and those of the
Liberals $13,290. Tho largest sum
spent in any ono county election wag
in tho caso of North Durham, whoro
four candidates spent altogether $141,'
000 ; and tho largest sum in any bor
ough or city election was in London,
whoro six candidates spent $77,855,
tnbutcd to the Republicans. Onlr
two years ago ho wab loud and fieree
ia his denunciation of Secretary Sher
man and tho resumption bili which
was to restore greenbacks to par will
gold ; he said it could not La done, it
was impracticable, and would Only -suit
in a contraction of tho cawwicr
and would thereby add to the financial
embarrassment o the country. Btrt.
Sherman and the Republican adminis
tration went on and carried out th'
provisions of tho resumption bill, and'
Siglin'a predictions proved false. The
results have been felt in every part oC
tho country by restoring all classes off
our circulating medium to equal -value.
But, to show that tins' "states
man " is sharp, wo quote the-folio wing:
which appeared in his paper after-
greenbacks, under the actios of the re
sumption law, had been, raised to pr
with gold :
One indisputable g-eod thing th- -
Democrats did is this, they made aH
of our circulating medium of equall
paying power. When, they asmmed!
control of Congress gold had one valV ,
tic, green-backs another, and silver
with which the poor man was paid for'
h:s labor had another and a lower val
ue than any other. To-day a dollar i "
a dollar, whether in gold, 'green-back
or silver, thereby millions of dollars;
.:re saved to the men who save money
to the working bees. This is some- "
thing that can be appreciated because
it comes home to all of us, when ye
work in the woods or the mines your
cmnlovcr can't nav vnn a hnnrlmt'
dollars with ninety as lie could when
the Democracy assumed power, by
scllinghis gold and paying you in stri.-
siuiasy silver.
The idea of tho Democrats, who
wanted to repudiate tho Nations
debts, who always ridicu'ed and op
posed the resumption act, claiming
that they made our circulatinr jr
dium of equal paying power, k new ;
it's rich, and it's characteristic f thai
A ?Tevr Indnxtry.
The Jacksonville Sentinel ol the 12:
mst. says: Mr. Goddard brought in
to our office last week a sample o.
sorghum sugar mado from the early
amber cane. It is very fined grained!
and exceedingly sweet, much resemb
ling the finest quality of Island sugar..
The question of its manufacture from
cane, that can be raised here asemly
as corn, is now settled. It is ho ue
to ask will it pay to mako it? Asy
article of necessary consumption that
will absorb our own idle labor. wiH
certainly pay, ns it will stop a xwy
serious leak, even if it seems to cost
more than the imported artichx.
There is no reason why experience m
the manufacture of sugar will not en
able our farmers in good time toeom
pcto with the foreign producers aad
everything must have a beginning.
Tho manufacture of syrup from,
sirghum also seems to have Ukef,'
quite a start. From Mr. Davido, at
Williams creok, Josephine county, .
learn the common sorghum is as easi
ly raised in this climate as corn, re
quiring only a little more atte-ntie
for the first year, after coming Hp.
and that its manufacture into syrp
quito simple. Mr. DavidsoB brought,
usasamplo of the article made by
him last year, which is very wneft.
and equal to any syrup brought into, "
this market, lie mado one hundred;
nnd fifty gallons last year, ad say
that he considers eighty (fallens pr.
acre an average yield. It U the inten
tion of the farmers in his neigh-beet
hood to procure a mjll dujrisg th.
coming Summer.
Suuscrwb for tho Coast Maii..
Jy $2 COpovannuitj,
Mas. Pekkixs died in Berkeley
California, on the 14th iustant.jmd as
she is tho third member of tho same
family who has died within a few
days, tho others being a son. nnd
daughter, an investigation wa,s, taken
and it is now stated that they
all poisoned by eating canned corn.
It seems that some of tho boys found
somo cans of corn which had been
thrown away at a canucry in. Tenies
cul, and this was taken homo and
cooked and eaten wUh fatal results.
Pennsylvania nro obtaining
largo iron interests in Virginia, Gen.
Hartrnnft being among the number.
Tho iron boom, is developing Virginia
railways, in which, Senator BJaino aud
Gen, Ewjng Un Invested
SunsoniRB for the
Only $3,3Qpcr nwun,.
Coast Mai
KerItHii AeeM(w.t(
A distressing accident a Cfahwi
Lane county, on last Sunday eve-.
ing, whicb, will probably terminate.
fatally to. ofta-young lady, and tV
sevcrc injury to three others:,, M
and, Mjjs Uutlidge, Mis Merga,
and a, gentleman eowltl
not be ascertained by our coVMk
pondeat, yero enjoying an, ayapiag
rido in a two. seated carriage drawi
by a span of horses. While (frapwwfc
ing a, sharp declivity opposite Uta,
residence of, Mr. T. Jk Clki
trace bsearno unfastened, a'd th'
pole dropped down, (righ,temg 1fa
horses to su,oh a decree tha Upy
became. unmanagaWe and cwymm
thorn, to run away After rtWHtUMr
a short distance the team and Nrv
age collided with a fence throwing -tho
occupants out, and, sevely
iuring tlwm. anl am of, tt ywm
ladies Miss Morgan, to. badly tiu&
she ianot expected to, Faaowr, flu
carriage wast demolifitad.
. rr rt
1,482 immtsrraHts anivad m ska 1.,
The total tutmber thus far jt Hajr is
31,34 w orel ban the nwwWc afrWaA,
in any entire mo. th in May fXiisH
jug in 1852, when ,1 imhrnHija