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About Eagle Valley news. (Richland, Or.) 191?-1919 | View This Issue
OF CURRENT WEEK
Brief Resume Most Important
Daily News Items.
COMPILED FOR YOU
Brents of Noted People, Governments
and FacIGc Northwest and Other
Things Worth Knowing.
Mrs. Fanny R. Davis, of Chicago. I
probably the best posted worann om
baseball today, has severed her con
nection with tho game for tho period
of the war to "do her bit."
President Wilson has signed the con
gressional resolution revoking the,
charter of the National Gorman-Amerl-1
can Alliance, which was charged with j
Since March 21 of this year, the
British have taken 14,500 prisoners on
the wstern front James Ian Mac
Pherson. parliamentary secretary of
the war office. Informed the house of (
The French government has con
ferred upon Otto H. Kahn, American
banker, the decoration of Chevalier of
the Legion of Honor in recognition of i
his services on behalf of tho allied ,
cause both before and since America
entered the war.
John J. Benslng. missing cashier of
the Peoria, III., postofftce and said to
be a relative of Count von Bernstorff,
Is sought on a charge of absconding
with a postoffice payroll of $6000 and
an additional $5000 lost from tho war
savings stamp fund. ,
The five-year-old son of Mr. and
Mrs. Clint "Sharp, of Newman Canyon,
was Instantly killed at Heppner, Or.,(
Thursday morning when an auto in i
which he and two smaller brothers
were playing ran away and overturned. ;
The other children were seriously in
jured. - !
The German government has given i
a favorable reply to the Invitation of i
the American government to convene ,
a conference to arrange for tne ex
change of military and civilian prison
ers, saya. a dispatch to the London
Exchange Telegraph from Amsterdam
quoting a Berlin dispatch.
Edward H. Gahl, adopted Onondaga
Indian and advisor of the tribe, an
nounced" In Syracuse, N. Y. Friday
he badfbeen delegated by the Ononda
gas to draft a declaration of war
against Germany for the Imprisonment
of 17 members of the tribe at the out
break of the war in 1914.
An eight-hour working day for deck
and engine room crews on all vessels
In the Pacific Steamship Company's
service was announced in San Francis
co to become effective at once. This
change was ordered by General Man
ager A. F. Haynes, Seattle. About
1000 employes of the company were
said to be included in the change.
The French military mission sent
to Guatemala City to assist in the
training of the Guatemalan army has
arrived. Guatemala has an army of
about 85,000 men and when that coun
try joined the ranks of the entente
allies in April the event was looked
upon as one that would give Important
aid in the struggle against Germany.
Provost Marshal-General Crowder
has called on 23 states for 5586 gram
mar school graduates of draft ago
qualified for general military service
to take courses of training at colleges
over the country. The men may vol
unteer until August C and after that
time any deficiency will be made up.
They are ordered to entrain August
A record delivery by a single plant
of 7,000 army rifles in one day last
week was announced by the war de
partment An official dispatch from France
Tuesday says German newspapers re
port King Ferdinand of Bulgaria gone
to '"foreign lands" for somo time on
account of his health.
An official communication received
in- Amsterdam from German main
headquarters denies recent rumors
concerning Field Marshal Von Hlnden
burg's death. The communication
says Hlndenburg's health Is excellent
Books and periodicals can be sent
to American prisoners of war in
Germany only when they are ordered
through the publishers and aro -dispatched
from the offices of tho pub
lishers, the war department announces.
Two trainmen are reported to have
been killed and 20 or moro soldiers
injured, some seriously, when a south
bound Missouri, Kansas &r Texas
freight train collided with a troop
train near Clifton City, Mo., Monday
To aid wheat growers of tho west,
who have suffered sovcro losses
through winter killing of their crops
'and through drought, l'rosldont Wilson
baa placed 15,000,000 at tho disposal
ot th trMtury and agricultural do
partmeuta, it l announced.
BATTLES TO SHIFT TO SKIES
Cloud Flight Across Atlantic Likely
Paris. Stgnor Capronl, speaking of
tho projected nlrplano that Is oxpectcd
to havo a passongor capacity ot 100,
says: . ,
"Tho quick development ot larger
machines la Inevitable At tho begin
ning of tho war tho largest bomblug
machtno was ot 100 horsopowor. Now
tho largest bomber is ot 1000 horso
powor. "Tho Liberty motor will do. Wo
want them In largo quantities. I havo
seen them work and thoy aro satisfac
tory for bombing machines. Finer en
gines with much lntrlcnto and special
ized pahs, llko a watch, cannot bo
made In largo quantities, but tho Lib
erty motor can, which Is a big advan-
'""War ot tho future lies in tho air.
for when tho big commercial planes
aro developed, thoy can easily bo
turned Into fighting machines with
powerful offcnslvo propenaltlest Eng
land was ablo to defend herself with a
largo navy, but It will bo necessary Jn
tho tuturo for nations to havo largo
"Battleships will bo no match for
tho new aerial machines, wmcn wjii
revolutionise warfare, both on land
and sea. Tho activities of tho fighting
fnrrra will ho transferred to tho air.
Armies and navies will bo unablo to
battlo with tho immonso bombing ma
Milnp-j nf tho future.
Ti n-nrifi will lnnl.- in Amnrica for
great developments in aviation, bo-
causo 8UO lias uniimucu resources,
while European countries aro impov-
rrlehr1 hv lnntf Years Of despoliation
and destruction. America will manu
facture largo commercial machines.
They will bo speedy and ablo to carry
100 tons instead of 1000 pounds, as
"A trip across tho Atlantic will, It Is
believed, be accomplished with- tho
present-day machtnes during August
and September, and probably October.
The weather situation would be un
favorable during tho other monthB of
tho year. Heavy fogs mako aerial
navigation impossible. Aviators aro
unable to guido themselves in a fog,
,as it makes everything black. A trip
nnrnna MlA rtf-nnn fit this tlmft WOUld
have to bo mado by way of New York,
the Azores nnu I'oriugai.
"Tho development ot an aerial code
similar to tho maritime codo will bo
iiApnaoDrv Tinfnrn thnrA ran ho cencrnl
aerial navigation. Thoro must bo in
ternational signals llko tnoso at sea,
aerial laws and a whole volumo ot
regulations for aerial transportation.
Rlimnr Pntirnnl la In Paris on cov-
ernment business. Ho expects to visit
Atnortfn nrnhnhlv attar tho war. His
Tv-lmta tlmn In nnv ilorotod to war DUr-
poses. Ho is not developing commer
Aerial Photographer Falla Far.
Portland. Al Tlce, photographer, of
the Angelus Studio, wont up 2700 foet
Into tho air Monday to obtain a pano
ramic view of tho yards or the Norm
west Steel company and tho Columbia
River Shipbuilding corporation. Tho
return trip was a hurried, suuaen one,
but Tlce came back with his picture
a thrill and some scratches.
At the elevation named tho balloon
With which ho mado tho ascent Jerked
queerly and then started suddenly
downward. Later tho cable holding
the gasbag captive came into contact
with a "live" wlr'o carrying 11,000
volts, and burned In two. Ten men
who were holding tho cablo let go Just
In time to escapo possible electrocu
tion, as the cablo tho next fow seconds
swerved to the high-voltage wire. The
balloon landed In a tree-top, and there
Tlce mado his exit from tho basket
and his way to tho ground, practically
unhurt The desired view was taken
on the way down.
Sugar Price May Go Up.
New York. Tho price to be paid in
the United States for Cuban sugar
next year has been referred to repre
sentatives of tho two governments for
determination at a conference in
Washington next week.
Tho international sugar committee
recognizes tho need of meeting tho
increased cost of production in Cuba,
shown in a brief filed with the com
mittee by Cuban representatives to
amount to moro than half a cent a
The prospective increased cost, as
outlined by tho Cuban mission, would
mean tho addition to tho prico of
sugar In tho United States of a full
cent a pound.
Night Turned Into Day.
Washington, D. C Perfection of an
airplane flare for uso in night bomb
ing expeditions over enemy territory
was announced Wednesday by tho Ord
nance department Tho flaro is re
leased from tho plane In a parachute
and Is set off by air friction.
At a height of 2000 feet, it was an
nounced, it will cast a light of moro
than 400,000 candlepower ovof an area
1 miles In diameter. Tho glare pre
vents detection of tho piano from tho
ground, It was explained.
Yanks to Control Air.
Somewhere In England. Amorlcan
aviators Wednesday took over from
tho British one ot tho most Important
seaplano stations on tho English coast,
from which thoy will do continuous
patrol duty over a largo area of tho
Tho American aviators stationed on
tho English coast havo heretofore been
working as part ot tho nrltlsh squad
rons and this Is tho first purely Amer
ican station In England.
TOBACCO TAXES TO
YIELD 340 MILLION
Committee Agrees on
LUXURIES TO BE HIT
Jewelers Say That Collections of Im
posts on Basis of Sales to Consum
ers Will Be Most Productive.
Washington, D. C Heavy Increases
in tho present war tax on tobacco,
cigars and cigarettes were agreed to
Saturday by tho Houso ways and
means committee as part of tho now
$8,000,000,000 rovonuo bill.
Tho tax imposes throo tlmos tho ox
Istlng rates on some items of tho
schedule and Is oxpectcd to raise ap
proximately $340,000,000 in compari
son with tho present $168,000,000 rov
euuo from tobacco.
Members ot the commlttoo said all
danger of delay Is over and tho bill
will bo In form to report whon tho
houso reassembles on August 19. Tho
commlttoo went back to tho incomo
surtnx paragraphs and, while thoro
was no detinito action, It was evident
there will bo heavy increases In sur
Thoro was also somo discussion ot
two plans to superimpoao a sincuy
war profits tax on tho excess profits
Inr nnn nf thn nlnnn lmlnc for a
complete supplemental tnx, ovory
dollar oi wmcn wouiu uo auuiuumu m
tin nrpnia nrnfltn rovonuo. nnd the
othor an alternative proposition undor
which tho treasury would Imposo
either tho oxcess proms mx or wiu
war profits tax, but not both ot thorn,
tho tax to bo Imposed bciug that which
would bring tho larger revenue In
each Individual case.
Tho action as to war taxes on tobac
co was independent ot tho special
license tax on manufacturers of to
bacco, in which douhlo tho present tax
was Imposed on tho basis ot tho annual
Chairman Kltchln mado this state
ment: "Tho committee reached tho follow
ing tentntlvo decision as to tho tobacco
'"Cigars weighing not more than
threo pounds per thousand, tax in
creased from tho present $1 per thou
sand to $2 per thousand.
"Cigars weighing moro than threo
pounds per thousand, and retailing at
not moro than 4 centB each, increased
from $3 to $5 per thousand.
"Cigars retailing at more than 4
cents nnd not more than 7 centB, In
creased from $4 to $iu por wousanti.
"Cigars retailing at more than 7
cents each and less than 15 cents each,
increase from $G to $15 per thousand
botwecn 15 and 20 centB each, Incrcaso
frnm is tr S2n nor thousand: and thoso
retailing at 20 cents or more, Increaso
from $10 to $30 per thousand..
"Cigarettes weighing not moro than
throe pounds por mousana anu ruiuu
Ing at leBs than 2 cents each, Increased
from $2.05 to $5 por thousand.
"Cigarettes of same wolght retailing
at 2 cents or more, Incroasod from
$2.05 to $8 per thousand; thoso weigh
ing more than threo pounds per thou
sand increased from $4.80 to $10 per
"Tobacco tax Increased from 13 to
30 cents per pound.
"Cigarettes and tubes tax doubled.
"Experts estlmato that tho rovonuo
for the 12 months period from theso to
bacco taxes will total $340,000,000
against a present revonuo of $108,000,
000 from tho samo source."
Tho ways and means sub-commltteo
on luxuries held a hearing at which a
Jewelers' committee contended that by
collecting tho tax on tho basis of sales
to tho 'consumer $150,000,000 moro
might be raised than If Imposed on tho
lesser wholesale price.
Huns Ship Wheat Home.
With tho French Army on tho Sols
BoriHlthelms Front, Saturday. Thou
salds of bushels of French wheat havo
been shipped homo by German sol
diers. Tho French and Americans,
during their advance of the last few
dayB, havo discovered that systematic
plans had been laid by tho Germans
for reaping tho harvest In tho country
from which thoy havo boon driven.
Tho allies havo found largo stacka of
small canvas bags to bo distributed
among the soldiers to bo filled with
Pursuit Tires Yankees.
With tho American Army at tho
Alsno-Marno Front, Aug. 3. An indi
cation of tho stern chaso tho alilos aro
forcing upon the Germans was con
tained in a message which camo over
tho field wires to headquarters from a
commander leading an Amorlcan unit,
"My men must rest," ho said..
"Must rest?" exclaimed headquar
ters. "Yes," was tho answor. "Our men
aro absolutely tired out running to
keep up with the arirwaiis."
BEAN CROP ASSURED
Downpour Came at Critical Time and
Heavy Yield Is Certain in North
Lowlston. Idaho. ''The Lowlston
Orchards Packing association opened
its doors August 1 fur the fall fruit
reason," Raid 11. 11. S, Howell, presi
dent of tho Lowlston orchards com
munity assembly, In speaking ot tho
orchard fruit situation. "V. 1). Itylos
Is .manager ot tho association. Tho
early fall and crabapplos will ho com
ing In In largo quantities in a fow
days, also tho ponchos, plums, prunes
nnd nectarines, and then will follow
tho ieara and lato peaches, followed
by tho main crop ot fnll and winter
"Tho npplo crop will approximate
40 por cent ot Inst year's crop, but
will bo ot oxcellont quality. Tho ro
cent rains havo been bonoflclnl to
Proparo to Pack Fruit.
Lowlston Idaho. W. S. Shearer,
prominent orchnrdtst and farmer of
tho Lowlston Orchards and Tnmmnny
district, stated Wednesday that tho
rains during tho last fow days have
saved tho bean crop. Mr. Shearer has
741 acres In beans in tho Tammany
region that were just coming Into full
bloom when tho raliiB camo and as n
result there Is an unusually heavy
sotting of pods, which will Insure a
"Thoro are thousands ot acres of
boans In this soctlon ot tho country,"
Bald Mr. Shearer, "that wo aro now
assured will give a heavy yield that
otherwlso would havo given only a
very light crop or nono at all,"
A very rapid expansion ot American
army hoadquartors In London is In
progress. Throo now buildings wore
taken over last week. Two army
hospitals wore recently opened and
tlicso will bo running nt full cnpnclty
within n few days. A largo building
In tho center of tho city will bo equip
ped this weok as a "liaison office,"
to houso various activities Involving
doallngs between tho American nnd
NORTHWEST MARKET REPORT
Portland. Wheat Government ba
sis, $2.20 por bushol.
Flour Straights, $10.95011.15 por
barrel; wholo wheat, $10.30; graham,
$9.90010.35; barloy flour, $11012;
ryo flour, $11.GO012.5O; cornmcnl,
$11.40012; corn flour, $12.20013.40;
oat flour, $12.50012.75.
Mlllfocd Not mlllfcod prices, car
Iota: Bran, $31 per ton; shorts, $33;
middlings, $33; rolled- barloy, $70;
rolled oats, $09,.
Corn Wholo, $75; cracked, $7C por
Hay Buying prices f.o.b. Portland:
Eastern Oregon timothy, $34 por ton;
valley timothy, $29; alfalfa, $2C027;
valley grain hay, $20028; clover, $20
028: straw, $9010.
! Butter Cubes, extra, 47VSc; sec
onds, 44c; prlmo firsts, Uic, prints,
extras, box lots, 50c; cartons, box lots,
51c; halt boxes, c more; less than
half boxes, 1c more; buttcrfat, No. 1,
54c por pound delivered Portland.
I Kgga Itanch, current rodclpts,
43c; candled, 4Cc; selects, 49c per
Poultry Hens, 23 025c; broilers, 2C
028c; ducks, gecao and turkoys, nom
inal. Veal Fancy, 18019c por pound.
Pork Fancy, 234024c per pound.
Fruits Cantnloupos, $1.75 04.25 per
crato; watermelons, 303c per
pound; peaches, $101.50; now npplcs,
$2,75 por box; plums, $1.50 02.25;
apricots, $2 per box; pearB, $3.50 per
box; casabas, 4c por pound; grapes,
$203 per crate.
Vegetables Tomatoes, $101.75 por
crate,; cabbage, 44lc per pound;
lettuce, $2.50 03 per crnto; cucumbers,
$101.75 per dozen; peppora, 15c por
pound; peas, 12012 'c por pound;
beans, 10011c por pound; colery, $1.25
per dozen; summer squash, $1 por
dozen; eggplant, 15c per pound.
Potatoes New, $3,75 per hundred.
Onions Walla Walla, $2.5002.75:
California, $202.60 per sack.
Hops 1917 crop, 13014c por pound;
Wool Eastern Oregon, 35 060c;
valley, 54 0 01c por pound. Mohair
Oregon, new clip, 55c por pound.
Cascara Bark Now and old, 11c por
Cattle July 30, 1018.
Prlmo steers $11.75(0)12.25
Good to choico steers, , , , 10.75(3)11.75
Medium to good steers.. 9.5010.75
Fair to medium steers .. 8.60 0,50
Common to fair steers ,. 5.50 8.50
Choice cows and heifers. 8.000 8.50
Med. to good cows and hf 0.00 7.50
Canners 3,00 5.00
Bulls 5.50 7.50
Stockers and feeders.... 6.00 8,00
Prime mixed $18.10(5)18.05
Medium mixed 17.8518.10
Rough heavies 1G.G010.85
Bulk , 18.10
Valley lambs 13,6014,00
Wethers 8.50 0.50
Ewei 0.00 8.00
PLANES FQR 50,000
MOTORS IN SIGHT
John D; Ryan Tells of Work
Being Done in West. ;
TALKS TO SPRUCE UNIT
Assurance Given That United Statra
! Hixrlnnliiir In l.arrv lltrouKIl
Portland. America's great program
for conquering thu Hun In tho nlr Is
rnst fruiting Into realization; tho
northwoHt has tho pralso of tho nation
for tho uart It Is playing In aircraft
i production; Colonel llrlco P. Dlsquo
nnd his men, who are achieving grati
fying results In furnishing material'
for tho aircraft float, will havo tho
chancu to follow tho finished mnchluea
across to Franco theso wore tho vital
points in tho mossago delivered In
person by John I), llynn. director of
aircraft production, speaking boforo
thousands of his workers nt Vancouver
Aaaurnnco that tho United States Is
beginning to carry through its aircraft-making
alma with entire success
was given In no lndoflnlto phrases by
Mr. Ityan. Ho talked In terms ot mil
lions or foot ot spruco nud fir nnd,
after giving tho Liberty motor hearty
pralso, modo known that tlio govern
ment has now placed orders for 50,000
ot them to go Into thu planes In sight.
Heartiest cheers ovoked from tho
thousands of sturdy sprucoworkera bo
foro htm wore called forth by Director
Ilynn's oxplanntlon Umt Colonol
Disquo, Just as soon as tho spruce
production work has boon advanced
to moot requirements, Is to tnko a
regiment ot his men for duty in
This wns tho first official tacit ac
knowledgment tliat tho work of pro
duclng spruco is soon to be turned
over to business hands nnd taken from
tho military organization, tho Spmco
Production division, to which It was
first Intrusted. Rumors that this ac
tion impended havo boon current, es
pecially slnco tho Spruro Production
division was separated from tho Uni
ted States Signal corps;
Neither Colonol Ulsqun nor Mr.
Ityan would comment on tho question
as to how long it may bo boforo tho
release of tho khaki-clad loggers, mill
men and clerical workers from pro
duction duties hero for fighting priv
ileges "over there," may come. Thoy
did mako it plain that only fit, solcct
mombors of tho provisional regiments
to go into tho many thousands of
planes In sight
German Field Marshal Slain.
Amsterdam. Field Marshal von
Elchhorn, Gorman reprosontatlvo and
military tyrant in tho Ukralno, was
assassinated In Klov Tuesday by Boris
Danskio. This tragody comes at a
tlmo when tho shots that killed Von
Mlrhnch, tho kaiser's diplomatic agent
In Moscow, are still echoing through
Ab In tho caso of Von Mlrbach, tho
slaying of Von Elchhorn marks a blow
struck by tho Social Revolutionists. -
Captain von Dressier, adjutant of
Von Elchhorn, perished with his su
perior when a bomb was hurlod by a
young revolutionist Into tho carrlago
In which tho two Germans wore driv
ing. Tho aBHassIn, who is 23 years of ago,
Is in custody, as is tho driver ot tho
cab from which tho bomb was thrown,
Tho cat drovo closo to tho carrlago
as tho Oormans wore approaching tho
field marshal's residence nt tho Casino.
It has been established, a telegram
from Kiev doclnrcs, that tho aHsasslnn
Hon originated with tho Social Revolu
tionists in Moscow.
Danskio, tho assassin, doclarcd at
tho Inquiry following his arrest, tho
Klov dispatch says, that ho camo from
tho provlnco of Ryazan, adjacent to
Moscow, on orders from n communist
committee, to kill tho field marshal.
Wl.ll. atnr l lntr flunk.
London. Tho Whito 8tar liner Jus
tlcla, a vessel of about 32,000 tons nnd
recontly ongnged In tho transporta
tion of American troops across tho
Atlantic, has been torpedoed and sunk
off tho north Irish coast.
Tho casualties, according to latest
reports, woro only ton, Thoro woro
no troops nboard, but tho vossol, which
was on hor way back' to tho Unltod
Stntos, carried n crew of ovor COO,
Tho Justlcla was sunk only aftor a
fight with submarines that lasted 24
hours. A member of tho crow Is quot
ed as saying that ton torpodoos wero
discharged at tho vosboI.
Mr. McAdoo Demands Cash.
Washington, D, O. Aftor midnight
Wednesday railroads will collect mil
lions ot dollars In freight charges on a
cash basis by orders of Dlrector-Gon-oral
McAdoo abolishing the old prac
tice of cxtondlng credit to big ship
pers. A day or two In which to mall tho
freight hill and transmit a chock in
return may bo allowed, .