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About Eagle Valley news. (Richland, Or.) 191?-1919 | View This Issue
Brief Resume Most Important
Daily News Items.
COMPILED FOR YOU
Ercnts of Noted People, Governments
and Pacific Northwest and Other
Things Worth Knowing.
Four trainmen were killed, two in
jured and a number of passengers
badly shaken up in a head-on collision
ednesday night near Kautonl, a.
The condition of wheat in France on
January 1, compared with a year ago,
shows a gain of S per cent. If main
tained to maturity this means a re
markable increase in the yield per
An increase in Britsih shipping
losses is shown in the official summary
issued Wednesday night, which reports
the destruction of nine vessels of more
than 1600 tons and six of lesser ton
nage. An aerial attack of unusual severity
was made Tuesday afternoon on Zee
brugge, the German submarine base in
Northern Belgium, according to the
frontier correspondent of the Amster
Controller of the Currency, Williams
estimates the whole banking power of
the nation at $37,529,000,000, an in
cerase of more than $14,000,000,000
since the beginning of President Wil
John F. Nugent, successor to the
late Senator Brady, of Idaho, was
sworn in Wednesday. He has been
named chairman of the fisheries com
mittee and a member of the immigra
tion and Indian affairs committee.
German airplanes raided Paris Thurs
day night about 11:30. Bombs were
thrown at various points in Paris and
the suburbs. Several persons were
killed and material damage reported,
according to official announcement.
While breaking ice in a channel
near an Atlantic port, a battleship of
the pre-dreadnaught type went aground
on a sandbar. She was said to be
resting easily and officers expected to
float her undamaged at the next high
A plea for the protection of sea
gulls, described as the best submarine
detectors in the world, was made by
Edward H. Forbush, of Boston, state
ornithologist, at a legislative hearing
on the bill providing for the extension
of the closed season on water fowl.
The issue of $400,000,000 of certifi
cates of indebtedness which closed
Wednesday night was heavily over
subscribed, the Treasury department
announced. The allotments will be
made as soon as all subscriptions are
reported. The certificates are payable
It has become known in New York
that William B. Thompson, who was
in Petrograd from July until Novem
ber last, as head of the American Red
Cross mission to Russia, had contrib
uted $1,000,000 or more to the Bol
sheviki for the purpose of spreading
their doctrines to Germany and Aus
tria. United States Senator William
Hughes, of New Jersey, died at Tren
ton Wednesday in a hospital, where he
had been a patient for several weeks,
suffering from septic poisoning result
ing from an infection of the teeth fol
lowed by bronchial pneumonia. Ho
was born in Draughdea, Ireland, April
Secretary Baker denies reports that
200,000 gas masks made in America
had been rejected by General Pershing.
After pillaging the Spanish steamer
Giralda Tuesday a Geramn submarine
sank the vessel, which was of 4400
tons. The crew was saved.
Appointment of Mrs. Ellen O'Grady,
a widow with three daughters, as fifth
deputy police commissioner of New
York, was announced Tuesday. She is
the first woman ever to hold such an
office in that city.
Part of the big zoological exhibit at
the Tacoma Point Defiance Park will
bo abolished this winter by the City
Park board as a means of helping in
the Hoover conservation program.
Forty lives were lost through the
sinking of the French freight trans
port Drome, and the trawler Kerbihan,
whfth struck mines January 23, within
sight of Marseilles. Tho Dromo first
came into contact with a mine, and the
Kerbihan ahortly afterwards struck
another near tho same place.
STRIKE ON IN BERLIN
Kaiser Disturbed nt Crisis In Labor
Situation Many War Factories
Affected Trouble Spreads.
Ixmdon Dispatches from Switzer
land and Holland tell of n general
strlko in Berlin nnd other parts of Ger
many. According to Central News advices
from Amsterdam, nearly nil workmen
of the Daimler, Boersig, Ludwig nnd
General Electrical Works arc on strike.
Trades unions nro not nt tho hend of
the movement, but several trades are
nlmost completely nt n standstill.
The Independent Socialists have car
ried on nn active propaganda during
the last few days, the dispatch says.
Tho movement appears to bo very seri
ous, and in industrial centers meetings
It is particularly grave in the sub
urbs of Lichterfelde, Heringsdorf and
Johanisthal, where electric works nnd
airplane factories nro situated.
Strikes also have broken out in
Rhineland nnd Westphalia.
Tho Frankfurter Zeitung says tho
movement is directed ngainst tho de
lays in passing tho Prussian reform
bill and the agitation conducted by the
fatherlnnd party. The same paper
adds that the strike has spread to the
Bochum mining district, nine miles
A dispatch to the Exchango Tele
graph company under date of January
28 says that n thoroughly trustworthy
report from Kiel declnres tho workers
in the torpedo factory nt Friedrichs
port went on strike Friday afternoon.
In consequence of this n number of the
men's leaders are being called to join
The employes at tho Germanin dock
yards struck Fridny, the dispatch adds.
Amsterdam Up until evening of
Monday, according to a Berlin dis
patch, not a singlo incident connected
with the strike was reported.
In Berlin and environs the total
number of those who failed to appear
for work was 90,000, most of them
youthful workers of both sexes.
The German government has decided
upon arrest of six Independent Social
It is reported that Adolph Hoffman,
editor of Vorwaerts, an Independent
Socialist leader in tho Prussian Diet,
has been arrested.
Vorwaerts, under the heading "Ger-
mnnv. Tnke Heed." savs:
"The movement .going through the
masses rests on deep moral grounds;
it is born of the fear that they have
They want food and peace, and Gor-
mnnv fron niitu-nrdlv nnd inwnrdlv.
And any attempt to hold them by force
is dangerous. All thoughts of an at
tempt to force on the people nim3
which nrnlone the wnr. aims for which
they never fought, or to keep from the
people their promised rights, can only
work ns disintergating factors. That
today is our greatest danger."
U. S. AHEAD OF SUBMARINES
Gross Tons on Credit Side Is 515,433
Loss, 69 Vessels.
New York In the 12 months of
unrestricted warfare launched against
American and allied shipping by Ger
many one year ago Friday, there have
been sunk by submarines, mines and
raiders 69 American vessels, totaling
171,061 gross tons, according to a care
fully compiled report of sinkings
which have been made public during
Offsetting this loss of American ves
sels, most of which were sailing ships,
the United States since February 1 has
added to her merchant marine by the
seizure of former German and Austrian-owned
ships a total of 107 ves
sels, having a grosB tonnage of 686,
491, leaving on the credit Bide of tho
American ledger in the account with
the central powers a net gain of 515,
433 gross tons.
The loss of life caused by the sink
ing of the 69 vessels waB more than
300 persons, however.
The percentage of sinkings of Amer
ican ships compared with tho number
of vessels which have sailed through
the war zone Buccessfully is small.
Records of the department of Com
merce show that for tho period begin
ning with February 1, 1917, and end
ing with December 1, there were
cleared from American ports in the
foreign trade ships aggregating 17,
738,900 net, or approximately 24,834,
460 gross tons. The number of ships
making up the total of torn was not
Reclamation Heads Study Food Work.
Denver Managers of tho 32 reclam
ation projects under government con
trol hero met Thursday for an annual
conference with A. P. Davis, director
of the reclamation service, and other
service officials. Increased food pro
duction through bringing into cultiva
tion lands on tho projects for which
water iu now available, conservation of
water, improved distribution ByatemB
and general irrigation and drainage
problems made up tho program.
Many Great Industrial Centers
Tied Up by Revolt.
700,000 TOILERS OUT
State of Siege Sntd to Exist in Cities
of Wnndsbcck. Hamburg nnd AI
tona Socialists Arrested.
Tho strikes in Germany nppnrontly
are growing In magnitude. In Berlin
nlone, according to press dispatches
renchlng neutral countries from Ger
many, 700,000 men mid women hnvo
censed work, while in Kiel, in townH
along tho Rhino, in tho Westphallan
coal region and other districts in the
empire, including Bavarin, the situa
tion is serious.
It is asserted that martial law has
been declared in Hamburg nnd other
centers, nnd that in Hamburg the mili
tary commander has ordered a cessa
tion of tho strlko nnd given tho added
order that further demonstrations bo
Additional Socialist leaders in vari
ous German towns have been nrrested
becauso of their activities in foment
ing strikes or by reason of their hos
tile attitude toward tho policy of tho
militaristic elements with regard to
peace nnd franchise reforms.
Numerous industries necessary to
the prosecution of tho war have head
quarters in towns where strikes nro in
Notablo among theso industries are
the great shipbuilding yards at Kiel,
tho military airplane and balloon
plants at Adlershof, tho largo arscnnls
and ammunition works at Spnndnu nnd
the great coal and iron mines nnd
foundries in the Westphalia region.
London Tho broad features of the
news filtering in Saturday from Berlin
are, first, that the strike movement
undoubtedly is extending, and, second,
that tho German authorities are en
deavoring to minimize its importance.
Thus far there has been no news re
garding the decision of Minister of the
Interior Walrnf nt his conference with
General von Stein, commander of the
homo forces, ns to what attitude tho
irovernment will adopt.
Router s Amsterdam correspondent
says in a telegram dated Thursday that
the strike obviously represents the sit
uation in tho least eombro light.
Tho German semi-official news
ngency says the troublo is stationary
and that no disturbances occurred
Wednesday, that police intervention
was needless, and that work was partly
resumed in several manufactories of
Greater Berlin, but that In other
quarters operations still were bus
Northwest Co. to Sell Bethlehem.
Fred Voger, president of the North
west Auto company, has added the
Bethlehem truck to his company'H line
complete, according to word received
by C. M. Monzies, manager. Tho tele
gram contained tho information that
three carloads were on tho way, timed
In nrrivn fur thn nuto silOW.
Tho Bethlehem is an internal-genr
truck built in two models, of 1J and
21-ton capacities. The smaller job lias
i 15f..iiifh wlmnlhase. 34-Hlch Wheels.
with an ontional enuhiment of solid or
pneumatic tires, a 3J or 41-inch motor
governed to a vehicle speed oi i mucs
Hti hour, flrv rilnto clutch. thrce-HIiecd
transmission, and lists ut factory for
$1215. Tho nearest approach to tne
HnMiti-hnm nr two other internal-
genr-driven trucks, a one-ton listing at
$1490 and a lj-ton at $14r0.
Thn a;. ton Bethlehem has a 144-inch
wheebiiHo, 4 by 4i motor governed to
15 fmiles an hour, and JIbib at laciory
forS177r. iih airalnst another internal-
gear listing at $1885 and a two-ton at
British Losses Decrease.
London British casualties reported
during January totaled 73,017. They
were divided as followa: Killed or died
of woundHOfficerB, 358; men, 1J.09H.
Wf.ilm1i.il nr mlnnlnc OfllCLTH. 1205:
men, 57.75G. Tho January casualties
fnlllnf off from those re
ported during Decembor, which reached
i. intnl nf 7i r.97. Tho total for No-
vnml.nr wim 190 089. reflecting tllO BC-
vero fighting on tho Cambral front
In that month.
Tlio Millonnial Hopo.
By Shirley Jneknon Ciiho.
Tho Idea that tho ills of modern so
ciety nro to bo righted by n sudden de
struction of tho world wan labelled as
pessimistic and pernicious by Shirley
Jnukson Case, professor of early
church history nnd Now Testament In
tvrprotation In tho University of Chi
cngo, "In principle, this idea strikes nt tlio
very heart of nil democratic Ideals,"
says Professor Case, writing on tho
inilleuinl hope ns relnted to tho war.
Is tho mlllenium near? Is our world
nbout to bo destroyed? Is Christ soon
to return in glory to set up a now
kingdom upon n purified earth? Theso
wore tho questions answered by Pro
"Pronngnndists have boon urging
belief In tho speedy end of tho world
and tho lioHlessncsa of nny remedial
measures for effecting purmanent im
provement In present conditions," ho
declared. "In tho iinuio of religion, it
Is maintained that human efforts to
make tho world n snfor nnd hotter
plnru are wholly misguided. God in
said to will that condtions shall grow
constantly worse ns tho hour of Im
pending doom approaches. or one
who holds consistently to this opinion
it is nonsense to talk of humnn respon
sibility. This typo of teaching, now
being vigorously inculcated in many
circles, readily plays into tho hnnds of
nil enemies of social and political re
form. By persuading men that the
rapiil deterioration anil early destruc
tion of tho world are determined utxm
by divine decree, tho enemy of reform
has n mighty Instrument for strang
ling the citizen s sense of civic duty.
This is equally true whether tho call
to Berivco is local or national and In
ternational. It is a vicious attitude in
tho present hour of tho world's need,
when tlio call to duty is nation-wide
and international, "
Discussing this belief In a quick ca
tastrophic termination of tho world,
Professor Cnsu reviews similar theo
ries down through tho ages, and con
" It is sheer nonsense to talk dole
fully nbout the gradual deterioration
of society. History exhibits one long
process of evolving struggle by which
humanity as a whole rise constantly
higher in the scale of civilization and
attainment, bettering Its condition
from time to time through its greater
skill and industry. Man learns to sur-
miso that evils are to bo eliminated by
strenuous effort nnd gradual reform
rather than by tho catastrophic inter
venlon of Deity. Modern scientific
thinking is fundamentally optimistic
of tho future. Tho function of relig
ion is also remedial. The pessimistic
philosophy underlying pre-mllleninl
touching, spurning all serious effort to
Bocuro betterment of tho world by
means of popular education, social re
forms, remedial legislation, or other
agencies for improving undesirable
conditions, is especially to bu deplored
at the present time."
Professor Case has made an exhaus
tive study of tho various beliefs in a
sudden ending of tho world. In a vol
ume on "Tlio Millenlal Hopo; A Phase
of War-Timu Thinking," issued by tho
University of Chicago Press, ho seeks
to prove that these ideas are no longer
tenable. Ho pointB out that the an
cients, GcntilcB and Jew, and both the
early and later Christians, from time
to time, firmly believed in a catastro
phe that would end the world, and
bring a new reign of tho Mcsglnh.
Specific dates were often set as tho
day of tho mlllenium, ho suggests, but
tho day never came. In tho modern
era, Alsted fixed tho date at 1691.
The Ronsdorf sect prophesied tho mll
lenium for 1730. Bengel predicted
tho end of the world for 1830. Ed
ward Irving, a Scotch Presbyterian,
believed Christ's re-coming would oc
cur in 1864. William Miller, founder
of tho Adventists, thought ho foresaw
that tho mlllenium would arrivu in
1843, but later moved tho date down to
October 22, 1814. Charles T. Russell,
writing in 1891, said that tho mlllen
ium had been "invisibly inaugurated"
in 1874, and ho expected tho end of
tho world in 1914.
"Tho new features of tho modern
propaganda," continues Professor
Case, "consist chiefly of references to
recent events in history, tho fore
shadowing of which arc ingeniously
discovered in biblical prophecy. Tho
world-war which began in 1914 has
given new opportunity for tho advo
cacy of these views, nor havo tholr ad
herents been slow to avail themselves
of this ndvantago. Affirming that
they aro ablo to discover now fulfill
ments of prophecy In tho stirring
events of these times, they insist anew
that tho betterment of present condi
tions can bo effected only through a
sudden destruction of tho present order
to to bo followed by tho inauguration
of Christ's millenial rolgn upon earth.
"But tho task of religion," Profes
Bor Caso contends, "Ih to stimulate
successive generations throughout un
numbered centuries to aim at tho high
est moral and spiritual attainment of
which men in nil future ages may find
themselves capable. This outlook de
mands much BtrenunuH endeavor and
may entail many discouragements ero
tho gigantic task is accomplished, but
It leaves no room for pessimism of tho
Menace of Revolution Gaining
Force Over Empire.
DEMANDS SET FORTH
Kiel Shipyards, Vulrnn Works nt Ham
burg nnd Great Mining District
Scenes of Many Walkouts.
Dcmnnds Mndc by Berlin Strikers
in Their Ultimatum to Im
Zurich Tho Socialist paper Vor
waerts announces Hint tho Berlin
strikers have now become moro nil-
Inerous and threatening. They have
addressed to tho govornment an ul
timatum, of which thu following aro
tho principal demands:
First- Accelerated conclusions of
a general pence without Indemnities
Second Participation of work
men's delegates of all tho countries
in tho pence Miurparlors.
Third - Immediate abolition of tlio
state of nlego and restoration of tho
right of public meeting, suspended
by thu military authorities.
Fifth Abolition of militarization
of war factories.
Sixth - Immediate release of all
Suvunth Fundamental democra
tization of state institutions.
Eighth- Tlio Institution of equal
electoral suffrngo by direct ballot.
London Strikes by half a million or
moro workers iu Germany and thu pre
sentation of an ultimatum to tho gov
ernment demanding Immediate negoti
ations for a general peace on tho basis
of no annexations and no Indemnities,
butter food nnd u number of liberal de
mands, indicate clearly that tho move
ment is of such Importance, as to causo
tho government disquietude. This In
proved by tho suppression of newspa
pers and Field MarsluO von Illnden
burg'B warning that tlio strlko must
Tho strike movement embrnces gov.
eminent and private shipbuilding yards,
tho mining cunters anil numerous im
portant factories in tho Berlin district.
Theru also is news of tho formation
of a workmen's council on tho model
of tho workmen and soldiers' councils
in Russia. Ilerr Wnlraff, thu minister
of thu Interior, has been asked to sanc
tion tho meetings of tho workmen's
council, but so far has given no rcpl)
and is consulting tho minister of War,
According to some reports the strike
involves n number of munitions fac
tories and somu submarine wharves,
but up to this time thu railway and
transportation services havo not been
It,is not clear whether it Is a strlko
of demonstration for only a fow days
or an actual cessation of work.
Thu Vorwaerts, in a scathing arti
cle, askB whether the Germans ought
to laugh or cry over the fact that hun
dreds of thousands of workers havo
left the factories while thu Prussian
diet should bu discussing such unim
portant matters as whether tho Crown
Prince and other princes should bo lifo
members of tho upper house.
Tho German Union of Labor, and
exchango Telegraph from Amsterdam
says, litis issued an anti-Rtrlko Icaflot,
declaring that England and America
only await thu moment when Germany
Is weakened by internal strife to fall
upon Germany and ruin her trade and
smash German competition. Tho ap
"Wo want no Miungor peace,' there
fore down with mass strikes. Our fu
ture is a stake. "
Expert Linguist Is Dead.
Tacoma, Wash. Instructor in tho
household of Queen Victoria in 1809,
teacher of languages to tho daughter
of Lady Mary Nisbet Hamilton, in
Edinburgh, when but 19 years of ago,
translator on tho staff of tho "North
British Review," and for tho last 25
yearn of his lifo a privato teacher of
languages In Tacoma, Bertel Hogno
Guulogsen, said to bu ono of tho most
distinguished linguiiitH and BcholnrB in
thu world, Is dead hero.
Thrcntcn U. S. Ambassador.
Washington, I). C. Ambassador
FranciH at Putrograd cabled tho Stato
department Thursday that n group of
Russian anarchists had notified hltn
lie would bo held personally reBpon
Bible for tho Bafety of Alexander Berk
man nnd Emma Goldman, under pris
on aontenco in tho United States for
violating tho draft law.