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About The Athena press. (Athena, Umatilla County, Or.) 18??-1942 | View Entire Issue (June 23, 1911)
SAN DIEGO MISSION FLOAT WHICH WILL APPEAR AT THE CELEBRATION IN SAN
DIEGO, CALIFORNIA, JULY 19 TO 22, 1911.
ground-breaking and dedication of the
first building of her Panama Califor
nia Exposition, to be held during the
entire year 1915.
San Diego de Alcala (St. James of
Alcala) was the first mission in Cali
fornia and was founded by the leader
of the Franciscans, Junipero Serra, in
1769. Near this mission CabriJlo
landed in 1542, the first white man on
the Pacific Coast of the United States.
One of the beautiful features of the
celebration and pageantry planned in
San Diego for July 19 to 22, will be
the Ramona legend, taken from Helen
Hunt Jackson's romance of Kamona
It is the nurnose of the committee
in charge to costume Ramona and her D;eg0 Cal., during the year
friends, as well as hundreds of char- Mf Aen hag assocjated wj
acters of that period, in suiiaoie uress
and to have her hold court with King
Cabrillo, who for this occasion win oe
transformed from a bluff old piratical
sea dog to a magnificent creature of
silks and satins.
As nearly as possible Kamona's
court will enact the principal scenes
of the romance, with Ramona as the
central figure. No pains are being
spared to make the representation as
accurate historically, both in action
and costuming, as possible.
Huge mission arches are to be erect
ed in the streets of the city. The
whole city will be suitably decorated
and hundreds of persons will be on the
streets night and clay in appropriate
costumes. As far as possible and
compatible with business, San Diego
will simply suspend ordinary activi
ties, dress herself in gala attire and
do nothing but entertain her guests,
eat, drink, sing, dance and be merry.
The celebration is in honor of the
To Build a Beautiful City.
The Pacific Northwest has sent out
several men who are taking a prom
inent part in big affairs in other
places. One of these is Frank P.
Allen, the constructor of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific
exposition, who is now
director of works of the Panama Cali
fornia exposition, to be held in San
Bertram G. Goodhue, who is designing
the buildings and John Clark Olmsted,
who devised the landscape features of
the 1400-acre park in which the expo
sition will be built. These three men
promise the most beautiful grouping
of buildings ever built.
They Want a New Rose.
The Panama California Exposition,
which is to be held in San Diego
throughout the entire year of 1915,
has olFered a prize of $1,000 for a rose
to be called the "San Diego." The
Floral association of San Diego has
suggested that this rose should be of a
deep golden yellow, with the hardi
hood of the strongest varieties now
grown, but this is only a suggestion.
The contest is open to all persons in
the United States, any floral society or
club, in fact any person or association.
The rose must be shown at the exposi
tion in 1915, so that there are four
years in which to propagate it. Flor
ists say the time is none too long.
U. S. Grant Jr., son of the 18th
president of the United States, is now
president of the Panama California
Exposition, to be held in San Diego
throughout the entire year 1915.
Sir Thomas Lipton has signified his
intention of bringing one of his Sham
rocks to San Diego in 1915 to take
part in ocean yacht races that are be
ing arranged during the Panama Cal
Lyman J. Gage, one time secretary
of the United States treasury, is one
of the active vice presidents of the
Panama Califonia Exposition, to be
held during the year 1915 at San
In the harbor of San Diego this
spring were eighteen warships at an
chor. The members of the crews had
a week of boat racing on the bay and
declare the racing course cne of the
best in the world.
San Diego will hold four days of
pageantry and celebrating beginnng
July 19, to celebrate ground breaking
for the Panama California Exposition
to be held in that city in 1915. The
pageants will surpass in spectacular
effect anything ever held on the Pa
Frank P.J Allen, who built the
Alaska-Yukon Exposition, is director
of works of the Panama California
Exposition, in San Diego in 1915.
FARM vi ORCHARD
Notes and Instructions from Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations
of Oregon and Washington, Specially Suitable to Pacific Coast Conditions
whitewash applied to the entire trunk
will act as a deterrent.
FLAT-HEAD APPLE TREE BORER
H. F. LWIlson, AHsiHtnnt KntomnlniriHt, Orenon
AKricullurul College, CorvalliH.
"The records of the entomologist of
the Oregon Agricultural college show
that there has been reported injuries
by this species in Oregon for the last
fifteen or twenty years, and that these
injuries are usually upon two or three
year old trees. With the large num
ber of young trees that have been set
out during the past few seasons, these
reports have grown more numerous,
and a considerable number of trees
have been reported as killed.
Usually the fruit grower notices
that some one or more trees planted
the previous season appear unthrifty.
Upon examination, the trees are found
to be attacked at a point near the
surface of the ground by a long, Hat,
broad-headed worm, which has worked
along the bark, cutting a broad chan
nel and usually girdling the trees.
The place of infestation may be de
tected by the discolored bark covering
the tunnel made by the borer.
The adult of this insect is a green
ish, metallic brown beetle measuring
a half-inch in length. The. body above
is flattened, and in fresh specimens is
coated with a grayish powder. The
under side of the body is bronze col
ored. The adults come out in the spring,
and, after mating, the females begin
laying the eggs uhii the bark; the
forthcoming larvae bore into the bark,
excavating a broad burrow just under
the outside layer. The broad heads of
the larvae cause the necessity of a
wide burrow, and as the insects
grow this channel is made wider, so
that frequently it may be three
eighths of an inch or more in width.
The larvae continue feeding through
out the summer, and when full grown
bore directly into the sapwood of the
tree, pupate, and remaining there un
til spring, come forth as adult beet
les. Reports of injury usually come
in the fall of the year, as it is then
that the insect has finished its work
and the tree begins to show the effect
of the injury. In the case of large
We Are Never Satisfied.
That which Is well within our grasp
feels moan and Insignificant, while
that which Is far beyond our reach
seems absolutely necessary to our
very happiness we are never to be
Expert Chefs on Vessels.
The term "sou of a sea cook" Is no
longer a title of reproach. The highly
paid specialist who presides over the
kitchens Is a chef with an Internation
al if uutatlon.
trees the insect probably goes deeper
into the wood from the beginning
where it feeds and lives until ready for
pupation. In other sections of the
United States it has been reported as
working mostly in the parts of the
trees ranging from the base of the
trunk to the limbs.
There seems to be a difference of
opinion regarding the health condition
of the trees attacked, but in Oregon
the first signs of trouble appear as a
result of the damage caused by the in
sect itself. Resides the apple, a num
ber of other trees are attacked, as the
pear, peach, piune, and some shade
and forest trees.
Clean culture should be thoroughly
practiced, and nurseries should not be
located near infested orchards. When
a tree seems to be injured beyond re
covery it should be removed and
burned, so as to get any larvae or
pupae which may be present in the
Perhaps the best preventive meth
ods are mechanical barriers. These
may be defined as something placed
about the trunk of the trees so that
the adults cannot lay their eggs upon
Newspapers or untarred building
paper will do for this purposo, if
bound with string and tied at top and
bottom, so as not to permit the beetles
crawling under. The string used
should be such that the expansion of
the trees can break it, should the
growth be excessive. Window screen
may be used, but must be placed far
enough away from the bark so that
the eggs cannot be laid through the
meshes of the wire. Cotton should
be placed about the opening at the
top so that the beetles cannot crawl
under. In case of any of these bar
riers, the dirt should be mounded up
above the base of the tree so that the
adults cannot crawl under them at the
A good stiff whitewash containing
crude carbolic acid should be applied
to the trunks of the trees above the
barriers. If the orehardist thinks
these are too troublesome, perhaps the
Money From Waste.
Some of the street cleaners' gather
ings sold by Glasgow, Scotland, last
year were: Clinker, for $81,916; tin,
light Iron, etc., $26,249; scrap Iron,
I3S.675: waste paper. $o2.694; bottles,
Does Not Remove Blame.
Injury caused by carelessness Is not
remedied when you say: "I didn't
mean to" nor are you absolved from
blame and responsibility by those
CLOVER AND ALFALFA.
By George Severance. Supt. Wcatern Washington
Red clover is preferable to alfalfa
wherever the crop is desired primarily
for its beneficial influence upon the
soil and when a short rotation is de
sired. For two or three years after
seeding, red clover produces hay and
pasturage about equal to that pro
duced by alfalfa, but generaly it prac
tically dies out after the third year.
Alfalfa keeps up its yield indefinitely
if properly cultivated. Hence, alfalfa
is preferable to red clover if the pri
mary purpose is to secure a perma
nent, long-lived meadow or pasture.
Alfalfa is also more likely to make a
fair stand where the soil preparation
and seeding are not done with suffi
To obtain uniform success with
clover, it is important to observe the
1. Good seed. 2. A firm seed bed
which will hold moisture near the sur
face. 3. A shallow but well pulver
ized mulch. 4. Seeding with a drill or
other implement which will place the
seed on the firm, moist earth under
the loose, dry mulch. 5. Absence of
a nurse crop. 6. Avoiding pasturing
the clover until it is well established.
7. Protection from squirrels.
Only seed of high vitality and free
from noxiuos weed seeds should be
purchased. The vitality may be de
termined by counting out two hundred
or more seeds representing an average
of the entire lot and determining the
percentage of these which will germi
nate between moist blotting papers or
cloths kept at growing temperature,
Examine the seed carefully for the
presence of weed seed. The cleanest
looking sample may not always be the
best, because of the very noxios char
acter of the weeds represented by a
few seeds. Toor seed is dear at any
price, and it is false economy to pur
chase poor seed because It is lower in
price. The source from which the
seal comes does not seem to be as im
portant in the case of clover as in that
of corn or other farm products. In
experiments of the Washington exper
iment station in 1902 seed was secured
from thirty-eight different sources, in
cluding several foreign countries.
Practically no difference in results was
obtained, except a poor stand where
poor seed was used.
WORKING FOR EUROPEAN TRIP
Young Lady Lays Plans to Get Father
to send Her Abroad to Over
come Infatuation. '
"Good evening," he began.
"O, hello," answered she. "Let's
see, I accepted you last night, did 1
"You certainly did," he came back.
'And the night before that vou re
fused me. You ought to be careful
about those dates and not get 'em
"Well," she decided, "suppose you
try again, and make it the beat two
out of three."
T will not. I told you I'd die if
you refused me."
"But you didn't."
"No. I wanted to live long enough
o propose again. You are tne only
girl I ever loved."
'I believe it you'd never spring
that old chestnut if you'd ever had any
experience. But what does your love
amount to, anyhow?"
"It's overdrawn my salary for six
"O, you're Just hateful, and I never
want to speak to you again. So there's
no use your following me into the
next room, because I won't be there.
'11 be in the library, over by the bay
"O, that's where I'm to come? Say,
If you don't love me, why do you en
courage me to keep on calling?"
"I'll tell you the truth. It's bo papa
will suspect that I love you, and will
send me on a trip to Europe to over
come my infatuation."
Porker What did you run for?
Rooster Well, you see, I am nat
orally a little bit chicken-hearted.
Think It Over.
"You must not rock the baby at all,"
says 'the grave physician.
"But I think an old-fashioned cradle
Is so cunning, and besides the gentle
motion gets the baby to go to sleep
without crying for an hour," says the
, "Yes, but that rocking motion is
very Injurious upon the child's brain.
The constant swaying really damages
"Yes, madam T"
"When you were a little baby they
still used cradles, didn't they?"
"Certainly. That was before sci
ence had determined so many of
OF THE ,
Making Work Easy.
How many of you sisters ask our
dear Lord to help you through the tri
als of the day when you get up in the
morning? I do. Try this; It makes
tha work easy .-Tennessee Housewife.
The Other Way Around.
Mr. Angus "If you knew how to
cook we could save money." Mr.
Angus "If you knew how to save
money we could employ a cookv'!'-
At the Wedding.
Stodgers went to a wedding recep
tion and found himself crowded in a
corner with a stout lady.
"Beastly crowd," said Stodgers.
"Wedding receptions are such a bore.
I came only because I promised the
bride. Nice little thing. Rather sweet,
but tiresome. Bridegroom looks like
a horrid bounder. Don't know him, do
"Yes," replied the stout lady, "I'm
"How unfortunate!" stammered
Stodgers, with an attempt at a smile.
"Of course I must have got him mixed
with his younger brother."
And then he struggled back through
the crowd and went home.
"I want you to subscribe something
to the fund we are raising for the
purpose of giving Senator Bunk a
grand reception when he comes home
from Washington. How much shall
we put you down for?"
"Nothing? Why you must admit that
Senator Bunk has made a great rec
ord in congress. He has succeeded in
making himself one of the leaders of
the most dignified deliberative body
"Yes, but he's got all the offices at
his disposal filled, so what's the use?"
"Oh, father," exclaimed the beauti
ful girl, after they had left the ship,
"there was one thing you didn't de
clare. I'm afraid the customs officers
will get after you unless you hurry
back and pay duty on it"
"What do you mean? I declared
everything we have in our trunks."
"I know. But that cold you have
you brought it from Europe, you
"It must be awfully dull living In a
town of this size. What do you ever
do for excitement?"
"Dull? Say, you don't know what
you're talktn' about I don't believe
there's been a minute durln' the past
year when we haven't had some kind
of a church scandal goin' on."
One Wife's Way.
"Does your wife ask you for things
she knows you cannot afford?"
"She hasn't asked me for a thing
since we were married."
"Qreat! How do you manage it?"
"When she wants a thing she dose-
not ask me, she tells me
LL hail to the early
spring does not seem
exactly a sympathetic
address, though in view
of the climatic vag
aries usually present
in England during
March, it might have
some measure of ap
our London correspondent. However,
we must hope for the best, the best
being that the weather may Justify
the many who are wise enough to take
advantage of the fashionable informa
tion so attractively illustrated in these
many written and pictured pages. In
deed there are so full of detail, I fear
my task Is somewhat superfluous this .
week, a doubt which, of course, makes
it all the more enjoyable to try ana
Fashion on the whole seems a tem
perate, pleasant thing, and will be
even more pleasant when once is has,
moderated its ardor for bright colors.
Combinations of many colors In rather
somber tones are definitely attractive,
but the very vivid shades, such as
scarlet and violet, peacock blue and
cerise lack in alliance the best excuse
of true beauty.
I am convinced that in spite of this
present polychromatic fever we shall
continue to accept the calm consola
tions of black and white, tempering
this to meet the Joyous spirit of the
times by the companionship of pale
pink or pale blue. The most popular
note in pink is dull and pale, and a
worthy example of its charms may be
urged in a toque with a crown entirely
formed of dull pink roses tied in the
center with a mulberry velvet bow,
the small, upturned brim of this being
made of mulberry colored Tegal.
After black and white and pink, I
observe that the zouave form of coat
offers the most food for reflection by
the would-be well dressed. The re
turn of the zouave is born of our tur
ban hats, and the sash which ties at
the side offers further evidence that
our inclinations lean towards the
great Oriental. Notwithstanding this,
I continue to be sure that we shall
stop short at the trousers, although
the hue and cry raised about these
might tempt many a woman to adopt
them. "You would rather be noticed
for being naughty than not noticed at
all" was wont to be the well-deserved
accusation leveled by my mother at
my sister in her youth, and it is an ac
cusation I am seriously thinking may
be applied to a third of the world fem
inine. No woman can seriously want
to wear trousers except to excite the
comment of the critic; I think they
are as uncomfortable as they are un
graceful, and even the best example
of its dual existence cannot be recom
mended for convenience or elegance,
while In diaphanous fabrics the trou
ser is outside the limits of decency
even for the most daring; and, surely,
the straight, narrow skirt supplies
every possibility for revelation that
the most indecorous could desire. But
perhaps I am apt to be a little violent
when confronted with the harem skirt,
it 6eems to excite much that is acute
ly unkind In me, which, as a rule, I
trust, lies dormant.
I will get me again to the more con
genial topic of the zouave, and note
that it is a very pretty addition to the
short silk 6klrt worn with a silk shirt,
while it lends Itself admirably to dec
orations of braid and soutache and
hand embroidery. The only other
type of coat which seems definitely
established as a favorite hangs to the
hips, and it quite straight, fitting as
closely as it may without Indicating
the waist, and being trimmed with
broad braids at the front, and at the
base of the long, narrow collar. Some
coats fit tightly up to the neck with a
small round collar of embroidery, and
I have met an admirable costume thus
treated in dark blue, the skirt being
quite plain and fastening down one
side of the front, top and bottom being
adorned with Bquares of colored em
broidery. The shirt was of pine-pat
terned ntnon, taking up the same col
ors, and the coat was entirely plain
save for the collar of yellow Maltese
lace, which was fastened in the front
with a little brown tie fringed with
wooden beads in brown and blue and
green, a square of embroidery appear
ing again at the bust and at the hem
of the coat in the front When I came
across this its owner was In the act
of selecting the best hat for, its com
pletion, and an open-brimmed, brown
Tegal, encircled with a -wreath of
green and blue silk flowers, was rival
ing in her affections a small toque of
brown crinoline, with a band of many
colored beads held at the side with a
bead device and pendant tassels. "
And In the company of both we
found an Ideal evening dress of pale
rose pink satin, veiled in ninon, and
embroidered at a depth of about
seven Inches with different colored
pearls, the square cut bodice and short
kimono sleeves boasting the same dec
oration, while the waist was encircled
by a narrow belt of pale blue held
with a pearl buckle. But on the whole
the nlnon evening dresses are yield
ing place to those of soft satin bro
cade. Interwoven with tinsel for
choice, and these only need golden
eoVds for their decoration.
In spite of the fact that each season
some one foretells the death of the
blouse, this garment continues to
prove itself indispensable, and in white
lawn it will again be a favorite, but
it must be lawn of the finest and
the trimming will consist mainly of
tucks of infinitesimal size, though fine
Irish lace and hand embroidery are
not to be despised in connection with
the lawn blouse. There is no doubt
that the blouse of nlnon in a color to
match the cloth skirt, made in a sim
ple style with a frill down the side,
will claim its devotees by the score.
The dweller in the country and the
dweller in town needs a vastly dif
ferent wardrobe, and it is almost im
possible to combine the wants of the
two conditions, and never has it been
more difficult than it will be during
this coming season, when festivities
will be the order of our days and our
nights, and no one at all in the swim
can hope to escape under three en
gagements a day. And three engage
ments a day mean three different
dresses, to say nothing of a couple of
hats and a suitable hair ornament for
It is good to observe that hat brims
no longer disfigure the shoulders of
their wearers, but are for the most
part upturned at the back and the
front, and Napoleon continues to in
spire the trimming and form alike, a
rosette or cockade of ribbon, or flowers
or beads, being much patronized. I
have seen, too, a Napoleon hat with
the crown entirely made of small
roses, the Tegal brim upturning in the
front and held with violets. A more
novel notion is to make the Napoleon
hat of taffeta silk with the brim hem
med with taffeta silk: and a huen oa-
prey of dried grass decorates this, Its
base being held by a flat rosette of forget-me-nots
Ostrich feathers of light colors on
dark straw foundations are very much
in evidence, with one erect plume
placed either at the back or front or
side. Please note ostrich feathers of
a bad quality are not permissible, and
those of the best description are mad
But there is balm In Gilead for the
economical, and even whilst I write of
ostrich feathers and gold interwoven
brocades, I recognize that it Is possible
for the woman in the crowd to look ex
tremely nice at a small outlay, and to
enjoy herself as thoroughly, If not
more, than her richer sister, and yet
keep her expenses within the limits
of income, and her charms well bound
I am sure you will be charmed with
the effect of a blue nlnon tunic over
that under robe of white satin, espe
cially if you manage bordering em.
broideries of silver and turnnninA.
the waist girdle, too, being' of
oxidised silver cord. tasaeled
with blue and silver.
in the Illustration. A blue scarf
in the' hair, and blue short storking
will then be the only necessary- addi
tions, bo that you will be able to
achieve the most satisfactory-
with quite a modest outlay. But, in-
aeea, me tunic is always on of th
mo6t inevitable of renovators, and is.
la every way, such an adaptable as
well as attractive garment, that I am
sure we all pray for Its lnna- rnnMnmui
favor with Dame Fashion.