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About The Athena press. (Athena, Umatilla County, Or.) 18??-1942 | View Entire Issue (April 21, 1911)
Dinner and Theater
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Winter Months on the Farm
Work for Farm Mechanics
Improving the Dull Dy With Handy
Job! of Construction or Repairing
By PROF. C. A. OCOCK
Wixomin College of Jtgricultun
Copyright, isio. by Western Newspaper Union
THE foundation of the gownat the
left Is green satin, covered with
white mousseline de sole, which
Is finished at the bottom with a deep
hem of the satin.
The long loose empire tunic Is of
black tulle, beaded with jet and bor
dered with bands of black satin; the
corslet Is of jet ambroldery.
The corsage is of fine white lnce,
trimmed with bands or embroidery, set
In with fagoting. The sleeves are
NEW IDEAS IN DECORATIONS
Color 8chemea for Bedrooms That
Will Be Change From Designs
80 Long fn Use.
The modern girl is rather tired of
the pale rose and blue bodrooms of
the past, and welcomes any now color
scheme that Is attractive. Here are a
few suggestions that have become
Walls of soft cream color with a
stencil design In mauve shades. Hang
ing of ashes of roses llnon, and fur
niture of wicker work stained a soft
brownish purple. Hand of cream col
ored linen with the stenciled designs
may be appllqued on the hangings of
the room, such as the curtains and
cushion covers, and the rugs on the
floor should be soft Oriental colors.
Another attractive room could be
arranged In the pale shades of the cle
matis. The wiills are colored in the
tints of this bloom in its lilac nues,
and the woodwork should be in the
same shade of clematis, with a gray
tone In Its depths. Soft lilac cur
tains, bedspread and covers should
be In the same shade stenciled In
pearl gray, while tho furniture might
be of either gray ennmel or brown
wood. Or cretonnes In the clematis
or wistaria designs could be used.
An all-gray room is charming, but a
little cold unless it has here and there
cushions touched with color. The
walls of such a room are tinted or
papered In a warm gray, with a cream
colling which should bo brought
down to the picture molding. Gray
enameled furniture Is used, and the
cushions, covers and curtains are
gray, stenciled in soft shades of lilac
and green, with soft brown. The rugs
that cover a gray stained floor are of
gray-green hues, and the pictures on
the walls should be framed in gray
Btalned wood and white enamel.
finished fct the elbows with cuffs of the
The foundation of the gown at the
right Is soft violet Batin, finished by a
d6ep flounce of satin of a lighter
shade. It Is trimmed with flower mo
tifs of applique embroidery and veil
ed with violet mousseline de sole.
A little ball fringe finishes the skirt,
the round neck and the sleeves; the
girdle, with rosette, Is of the lighter
satin like the flounce.
LATEST FAD IN NEGLIGEES
Proper Way to Fasten a Kimono.
Tho kimono Is one of the things
(hat has "come back." The Duchess
of Sutherland Is teaching her Kngllsh
and American friends bow to wear the
Japanese garment. The robe, she says,
should be fastened from left to right.
Only when used as a shroud for the
dead Is It fastened from right to left.
The kimono Is a favorite gift for
Orientals to bestow on each other,
and the wealthy women In Toklo an
nounce the new year with a cluster
of flowers and a box of exquisite
workmanship in which nestles a ki
mono. They give the same present
year after year, much as the western
women give handkerchiefs, gloves or
For those girls and women who go
. In "seriously" for sports in the winter
time f tn6 houses are showing
cry practical skatli:g and toboggan
ing toggery. This includes always
heavy knickerbockers of waterproofed
tweed, of whipcord or of covert cloth
to be worn under tho short skirt. The
knitted caps that .may be converted
into regular hoods coming down over
the neck are in favor. For those who
do not wish to increase the apparent
else of their figures with bulky knit
tad or crocheted Jackets or vests of
wool, there are warm but thin Jackets
knitted from silk Uvnwd, ,
Va6sar Robe Is Cut Along Cld Lines,
and Yet Is Something of a
Neatest and newest in long negli
gees for girls is the Vassar robe of
dark blue cashmere or flannelette,
which is made with a deep yoke and
three-quarter straight sleeves cut in
one, the seven-gored skirt being so
sharply slanted that It fits without ful
ness into the yoke. Also made with
cut in one piece sleeves is a square
necked, center-seamed back negligee.
This model, which is prettiest when
developed in some soft worsted or silk
en fabric and bordered with fancy rib
bon, has narrow underarm forms in
addition to four full length gores. A
diagonal front, closing at the waist
line, shows a pointed -guimpe of mus
lin embroidery matching the under-
sleeves, supplementing the cloth el
bow sleeves, which are slashed half
way to the shoulders.
An attractive modification of the
kimono has three shoulder plaits in
front and a bias back attached to a
bolero-shaped deep yoke. The bell
sleeves, the loose fronts and the girdle
are bordered with narrow ribbon. This
model is dainty in albatross of pale
tint, bordered with white satin ribbon
or of white chudda with colored rib
bon. On Americanized lines is a pret
ty kimono which is closely plaited
across the shoulders at front and back
and Is charming when developed In
white crepe de chine or pongee lined
with tinted cashmere and having fac
ings, cuffs and sash of soft silk match
ing the shade of the lining.
Pongee is a favorite material for
Pullman robes of regulation Japanese
shape, supplemented by a hood which
will completely conceal disheveled
locks, and a capacious pocket for toi
let articles. In this connection it may
be said that a Pullman robe should be
of some light shade, as in case of ac
cident the wearer is more likely to be
noticed and consequently promptly
Every farm should be equipped with
a farm shop in which the owner can
repair broken parts of farm machines
or make new ones and thereby save
both time and money by making use
of the winter days when other work is
3lack. The shop may be either a
.;mall building by Itself or simply cor
ner of the barn or implement shed fit
ted up as a shop. One rule however
hould be rigldiy enforced; that the
.hop is a storehouse for the tools,
Mid that every tool should be returned
.0 its place in the shop after being
The Farm Workshop.
Among the essentials In the farm
Viori nun n n .1 . . 11 . 1 .
ueiien, an iron vise, an emciont iorge,
anvil, and a supply of carnenter's tools
corresponding to the needs of the indi
vidual farmer. A good forgo suitable
for general farm work can be pur
chased for $5 to 12, or where an ex
tra large one is desired it will cost
HAT FOR YOUNG GIRL
A charming little hat for a girl. In
white felt, lined with black velvet,
trimmed with eruiir .
Plan of a good farm shop to be built
on the end of a machine shed.
about $30. In some cases one can
build his own forge and the only ex
pense will be for the bellows, which
will cost about $4, second-hand. The
best plan is to get a forge of No. 5
size, which will cost about $10, and Is
both practical and efficient.
The supply of carpenter's tools In
the shop will vary with the individual,
but a few of the necessary tools in
clude a cross-cut saw, rip saw, com
pass or keyhole saw, hammers, draw-
shave, hatchets, axes, saw set, saw
lie, 3 chisels (, 1 and 2 Inches), brace
And set of bits, 3 planes, smoothing,
finishing and block), a steel square,
tri-square, bevel-square, and a spirit
level. With such an equipment the
average farmer can do the greater
part of his repairing on the horn
Home Carpentry for Farmers.
Among the various tasks which
should occupy the farm mechanic dur
ing the slack winter period are build
ing or repairing chicken houses, hay
racks, wagon boxes, hog racks, porta
ble panel hurdles, farm gates and va
rious other implements, which the
amateur carpenter can successfully
construct or remodel. The matter of
farm gates seems simple, yet on num
bers of farms the makeshift gates
in use are a disgrace. A serviceable
and attractive gate can be easily
built with double cleats at each end
and the middle, and a double brace
running diagonally from the top of
each end cleat to the bottom of the
middle cleat for re-eiforcement.
The farm mechanic can use his
forge to excellent advantage in re
pairing machinery parts, broken tools,
horseshoeing, and in numerous other
odd jobs which are continually turning
up around the farm. With a little
practice he can Boon acquire ability
to weld together broken , parts. He
can also use his forge in repairing or
tempering shovels, pickaxes, grubaxes,
broken log chains, and other articles
The mixture used in feeding troughs
is a 1-3-5 combination; that is, 1 part
cement, 3 parts sand and 5 parts clean
broken stone or gravel. The stone or
gravel should not be larger than one
half inch In diameter. The sand
should be free from sticks, straw or
dirt, and the cement a good grade of
Portland. Place the cement in the
center of the pile of sand at one cor
ner of the mixing box and mix dry un
til the mixture has the same color
throughout. In the opposite corner
place the stone and wet thoroughly
after this mix stone, sand, and ce
ment, adding water until the whole
mass has a medium consistency. Use
a mason's brick trowel to work out
all air bubbles, leaving a smooth sur
face. When desired a finishing coat
of 1 part cement and 2 parts sand
can be used.
The re-enforcement can be either
3-18 inch steel or iron rods or double
twisted barb wire. Place the re-en
forcement the same distance from the
surface as its cn diameter. The re
enforcements should run lengthwise of
the trough, with a strand at each end
and one in me middle running cross
Making Concrete Fence Posts.
In making solid concrete posts a
mixture of one part cement, 24
parts sand, and 5 parts clean broken
stone o! gravel is used. The prepara
tion of the concrete is the same as
for f e in : . "'is post forms should
be n.adu o a M-ir grade of rather
green -it s . .d have the inner
surface .-n.v i. and all joints tight,
to prevent ;hf eminent from leaking
away with the water. The forms per
mit of the post being made 7 feet long
and 4x4 inches square at the ends
The bottom board has holes to corre
spond to the dowel pin in the side
boards, the Iron clamps used prevent
ing the side boards from spreading.
The same re-enforcement as for
feed troughs can be used. When
filling the form with concrete, place
y to Vi inch in the bottom of the
form, then lay in two rods one on each
side; continue the filling until within
inch of the top, when the remain'
ing two rods should be properly laid
in. Each rod should have a hook at
Fl.AN HA A.K,
of this nature. Practice is the only es
sential necessary to make the farmer
proficient in both welding and temper
ing. Concrete Work.
The farm shop, or a portion of one
of the barns where it ia warm enough
to keep concrete from freezing, Is an
excellent place In which to make con
crete feeding troughs, fence posts or
other devices during the winter. The
feeding troughs are made either V
shaped or half-round like a hollowed
out tree trunk. The concrete posts
may be either hollow or solid, and
are re-enforced with steel or Iron
For the feeding troughs the forma
are made of green lumber, in the
form of two boxea, one about four
Inches larger than the other. Turn the
mailer one upside down on a smooth
floor and put the second, which has
no bottom, around the first Fill the
apace with concrete and cover "'the
bottom of the smaller box four or six
Inches deep to form the bottom of the
trough. After the concrete Is thor
oughly hardened these forms can be
knocked off. In case of the V-shaped
trough there are two triangular end
boards, and the two side boards united
4 the bottom of the trough.
Forms and cores for molding solid
and hollow concrete posts. At A la
shown the parts of a form for a
solid post. At B those parts are
sembled ready for making the solid
post. At C Is shown the same
forms with the core In it for a hoi'
low post. At D a tapering metal
core, and at E a solid wooden core
In four parts, which are separated
at F to show details of construction,
each end about 1 inch long to prevent
the steel from slipping in the con
crete when a strain is put upon the
To provide for fastening the wire
fence to the post use the longest gal
vanized iron staples that can be pur
chased, and while the cement is still
soft set them the same as you would
drive them into a wooden post
Hollow. Concrete Post.
For hollow concrete posts the opera
tion is the same except that there is
a hole left in one of the end gates
of the form to receive the galvanized
iron core. This core should taper from
24 inches in diameter at the bottom
to 1 inch at the top. In using the core
it should be covered with a coat of oil
or grease and then It can be removed
in from 3 to 6 hours after, the post is
The wood core Is made in four pieces,
The two sides are flat " Inside and
curved outside. The two central
pieces are 1 inch thick and taper
from lVl inches to 1 inch in width.
This core is 2ft inches in diameter
for its entire length. When using the
wooden core It is more desirable to
make tbe post square from top to bot
tom. To successfully use this core,
wrap It with old newspaper or thin
wrapping paper. This prevents the
cement from coming In direct contact
with the wood and permits of the re
moval of the core in 10 to 20 minutes
after the post is finished.
Curing the Poets.
The side boards of the forms should
be removed in 24 to 48 hours after
pouring, but the posts should not be
moved for at least one week and then
very carefully. In the meantime they
should be sprinkled with water sev
eral times daily and protected from
sun and wind and from frost if It be
freezing weather. Posta should cure
at least 60 days before being set in
the ground. During this period they
should, if possible, be placed npon a
bed of moist sand and thoroughly
wetted each day. Prices of materials
may vary in different localities, but
the average price including labor will
range from 25 to 30 cents per poet
GEOLOGIST MAKES AN ERROR
strange Rock He Thought Was of
Glacier Days Was Once Barrel of
Cement, Says Farmer.
"Hallo! what a find," said Geologist
No. 1. "Here is conclusive proof of
all our theories. See this rock? It
Is as round as a barrel, and Just about
the same shape and size. It must
have rolled for ages in the bed of
some swift stream. Note how smootn
"It is unlike any rock in this vicin
ity," replied Geologist No. 2. U
must have been brought from a great
distance, probably by some mighty
Iceberg in the ages that are gone.
'There are mountains near here. It
may have come down in a glacier,"
added another. "It is unlike any of
the rock on those mountains. In fact,
It is unlike any rock to be found on
earth. Here comes a farm hand; I
will ask him if there are any tradi
tions concerning It See here, my
good man, do you know anything
about this strange rock?"
"Strange rock, sir?" said the farm
hand, in astonishment; "why, that
used to be a barrel of cement!"
Leads all othef medicines in
the cure of all spring ailments
humors, loss of appetite, that
tired feeling, paleness and
nervousness. Take it.
Get it today In usual liquid form or
ablets called Sarsatabs, 100 Coses $1,
Lesson From the Past.
Ulysses was on another of his long
absences, and the neighbors were
trying to comfort his faithful wife,
"For the land's sake!" she exclaim
ed; "you don't think I'm worrying
about 'Lyss, do you? Every letter I
get from him is full of complaints
about the hotels where he has to
For well she knew that any travel
ing man wearies of the life after a
while and gets the house to give him
a job in the home office.
Chose the More Merciful Way.
'I see that Mrs. Schenck is alleged
to have tried to poison her husband
so that she would be free to enter
"WTell, she showed that she loved
'I'd like to knovr how you arrive at
"She might have tried to take him
Proof to the Contrary.
Baldwin regarded him suspiciously.
"Rambo," he said, "in spite of your
New Year's resolutions you've been
I haven't either!" indignantly pro
tested Rambo. "Listen!"
Then he repeated rapidly, and with
out a mistake, "Round and round the
ragged rug the ruddy rustic romped."
HE WAS SURPRISED.
Looking Down a Well.
' I never draw a pall of watsr from
the well without an appreciation of its
charm such a? a country-bred man, I
Imagine, could never feel. Ha might
gape at open plumbing, looking at it
with his fresh country eye, where X
should simply take it for granted; but
I am afraid he never could fully ex
perience what might be called the sen
timent of a well, that delightful, in
verted tower of darkness and damp
ness and coolth. If there isn't such
a weed as coolth, there ought to be.
Atkinson K'mr-ull 'i AH-ntln.
Uncle Jerry's Tribute.
Uncle Jerry Peebles was returning
rom the funeral of an acquaintance.
"Well, I'll say. one thing for old Josh
IcGlmblet," he remarked, with an ef
ort to be cheerful; "he lived a consist
at life, anyhow. He always tuck his
Iquor straight, and in all his 85 years
te never drunk his coffee any other
ay than out of his sasser." ,
For Bottles Marked Poison.
Put common pins in the corks of all
bottles marked poison, sticking them
into the bottom and allowing the
points to protrude beyond the corks.
After doing this you will never pick
up such a bottle even in the dark.-
Woman's Home Companion.
IN LATE WINTER
AND EARLY SPRING
We seldom feel JUST RIGHT
At such a time KASPABILLA is the best and
lafest Blood Purifier, the most successful
prescription for spring humors and suet
disorders of the blood as boils, pimples,
pustufles, blotches, sores and cutaneoui
eruptions. Kasparilla is admitted to bt
the best remedy for that lack of eoergj
mi the peculiar debility so prevaleni
luring the close of winter and the opening
f spring. For derangements of the di
festive organs it is a natural corrective,
sperating directly upon the liver and alt
mentary canal, gently but persistentlj
rtimulating a healthy activity. Iti
beneficial influence extends, however, t
svery portion of the system, aiding in tb
processes of digestion and assimilation oi
tood, promoting a wholesome, natural
appetite, correcting sour stomach, bad
breath, irregularities of the bowels, con
Itipation and the long list of trouble!
directly traceable to those unwholesom
Conditions. Kasparilla dispels drowsi
ness, headache, backache and despond
ency due to inactivity of the liver,
kidneys and digestive tract. It is a
ttrengthening tonic of the highest value.
THE BEST mM MEDICINE
BOYT CHBMiCAt, Co. Portland, Oregon
Gift My wife has developed a great
passion for singing.
Gaff Yes; but it's nothing to the
passion your wife's singing arouses in
Cicero, weary of the grind of nu.
flc life, had gone Into retirement at
his villa near Tusculum peaceful, be
"If Ed Howe can do this sort of
thing," he said, "by ginger, I can."
But he had his troubles there. Mr
Howe; even there.
A Faithful Agent
"Why, Harkens, where have
been? You look like a wreck."
"I know it My twin brother ani t
had a quarrel and I hired a bruiser to
lick him. The fellow mixed ua inl
and here I am." Tit-Bits. .
Drew the Line.
"Maybe she won't like me anT mnr.
but 1 can't help it."
"Her pet poodle was under the ml
tletoe and I failed to take the chance."
AMUSING ROW OVER WINDOW
tones Was Perfectly Willing to Aa
comodate Fellow Passenger,
But Couldn't Do It
Brown to Jones (sitting by open wli.
tow In a railway carriage) Excuse
ne, sir, but that open window Is very
Jones pleasantly) I'm sorry, but
m afraid you will have to grin and '
Brown I wish you would close it,
Jones Would like to accomodate
'ou, but I can't
Brown Do you refuse to close that
Jones I certainly do.
Brown If you don't close it I will.
Jones I'll bet you won't.
Brown If I g0 over there I will.
Jones I'll give you odds you won't
Brown I ask you once more, sir,
111 you close that window?
Jones No, sir, I will not
Brown (getting to his feet) Then I
Jones I should like to see you do
Brown (placing his hands on the ob
Ktionable window) I'll ihow you
rhether I will or not, sir.
Jones (as Brown tugs at the win
tow) Why don't you close it?
Brown (getting -red In the face) I
n't; it It appears to be stuck.
Jones Of course it is. I tried to
(lose it before you came in.
People are always talking about
Originality; but what do thflT ma an t-
As soon as we are born, the world
begins to work upon us. and thin p.
on to the end. And after all, what
ta w. CaU our own, except energy,
strength and will, if t coum r-.
account of all that J owe to great pre
decessors and contemporaries there
would be but small balance ia my
Mother VfTI TA Xtmm TXM...,!..- ..-.
9VTUB tliH Hat rAmnrtv 1n ..u .... . . ; - i. . . i 7
taring the teeUunc period.
Restoring Whltness of Marblfc :
To clean marble take final nvwd
lered pumice stone and mix with rin-i
gar to a paste. Lay this all over th
marble, and leave It on for On or 1
hours. Then brush It hard and wash
It with warm water and curd loan till
clean. Then, tn r'.v r.n.h rK
over with oxide of tia applied on at
wet cloth. Should the article be stall
d, you can remeve the stain by dip
ping a cloth In oxalic acid solution
ma pasalnrTt ou!cHt nw Tkem
fash la water to remove fee acid aadl