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About The Athena press. (Athena, Umatilla County, Or.) 18??-1942 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 13, 1909)
Redeeming a Neglected Garden.
Discouraging as a neglected garden
may appear, It Is not beyond redemp
tion, even so late In the season but
It must be taken hold of at once
Stunted and failing crops, choked by
weeds, should be pulled out at once
weeds and all, and burned, and the
ground plowed or spaded, and replant
How much more satisfactory and
profitable It might have been to have
planted only half the space, and work-
' ed It well, than to have scattered the
available labor over the entire ground
and do nothing to perfection.
A garden with row3 upon rows of
all the delicious vegetables of mid
summer and not a weed to be found,
is indeed a pleasant picture. But how
few of that class are found! Instead
of choice vegetables there are rank
weeds, and where order and beauty
should reign, desolation stares at one
in too many family gardens, caused In
the majority of cases by simply "bit-
'ng off more than we can chaw."
Cheap Corn Cultivator.
An excellent home-made device for
use in cultivating corn and other crops
where frequent work is desired to
hold the dust mulch is shown in the
cut. The side pieces should be at least
A HOME-MADE CCLTIVATOB.
5 feet long and made of oak or other
hard wood 3 inches wide and lMi
Inches thick. The rear pieces can be
made of any width to accommodate
the distance between the rows. The
teeth are made of forty 60-d spikes,
which are driven in clear up to the
head. An iron ring is fastened to the
front end, while the handles are taken
from an old plow. Any handy man
can make a cultivator of this kind
which is the best I ever used. P. B.
Treadway, in Farm and Home.
It takes some ingenuity to burn sul
phur in a vessel, as it tends to smoth
er flames. If several pounds are to
be burned, a fire of cobs or sticks
soaked with kerosene must be built
above the sulphur and kept burning
until you see the blue flame of the
sulphur licking up through the wood
One way to disinfect the poultry
house with sulphur is to dissolve one
half pint of turpentine and one-half
pint of tar in one-half gallon of kero
sene. Soak corncobs in this solution,
and when ready to burn out the poul
try house for lice or germs of disease
have ready a sharp-pointed piece of
iron to thrust in the ends of the cobs,
set a lighted match to it and while
it burns pass the cob over the roosts,
cracks in the henhouse and every
where about it. This should be done
every week for a month or more.
System of Ventilation.
Details of the King system of Ven
tilation are shown in the diagram.
The outside of board wall is indicated
by A and the opening for admission
of air is at C. On the right there
is shown a cross section of wall with
outside opening at D and inside open
ing at E. A valve is arranged at
E to regulate the supply of fresh air.
The Feed of Colt and Calves.
It is a mistake to allow the colts
and calves to go onto pasture skin
pure. Keep them in good flesh with
hay and grain foods. Corn and clover
hay are about the best feeds for these
young animals, and they will eat them
all the year round. Dry clover hay
Is relished by all cattle and horses,
even when on good summer pasture,
and It is a good thing to give them
dally feed of it
Goata for Milk.
The great goat industry is occupy
ing considerable attention In the East
Seventy-seven goats have been accept
ed for registration by the American
Milk Goat Association during the year.
One hundred and eighty-seven are now
on record. Any goat yielding one
quart or more of milk a day li eligible.
Cow Giving Down Milk.
John Burrows, the well-known scien
tist, in regard to cows giving down
their milk says: Many persons think
that giving down or holding up the
milk by the cow is a voluntary act
In fact, they fancy the udder as a
vessel filled with milk, and that the
cow releases or withholds it Just as
she chooses. But the udder is a
manufactory; it is filled with blood,
from which the milk is manufactured
while you milk. This process is con
trolled by the cow's nervous system.
When she is excited or in any way
disturbed, as by Btrangers or by tak
ing away her calf or any other cause,
the process is arrested and the milk
will not flow. The nervous energy
goes elsewhere. The whole process is
as involuntary as' is digestion in man
and is disturbed or arrested in about
the same way.
Retailers are necessary according to
present methods of doing business and
until farmers organize a selling force
of their own middlemen will continue
to toll the farmers' grist as thorough
ly as the traffic will bear. Peaches
may rot on the ground in Missouri
while selling for 2 cents each in Chi
cago, but the farmer in Missouri is
helpless because he has no represen
tative in the market center. f The time
will come when farmers will have an
agent at each central point to handle
farm products and distribute them
either to the consumer or retail gro
cer. When that time comes farmers
will come nearer getting what they
work for. It is Just as necessary to
sell right as to farm right. Agricul
tural Epitomlst. ,
Waste of Timber.
The prodigal waste of timber during
the last forty years is estimated to
average $50,000,000 annually, or ap
proximately $2,000,000,000 worth of
timber wasted. It is time there was
a national movement to conserve our
national resources and arrest the pro
digal waste of our forests and the de
pletion of the fertility of the land.'
While Uncle Sam is no longer " rich
enough to give everybody a farm,
there is plenty of agricultural land to
support a population of 300,000,000 in
the United States, Texas alone being
capable of maintaining 80,000,000 peo
ple if all her arable land were under
cultivation to cereals, fruits and vege
tablesFarmer's and Drover's Jour
nal. , ' Passing- of Horned Cattle.
Horned cattle and horned sheep are
rapidly disappearing. Many, of the
cattle bred and fed in the corn belt
are hornless. Breeds of this kind are
growing in popularity. In the moun
tainous country and on the plains
wild cattle needed long horns for the
protection of themselves and their
young. Now, however, with the plains
thickly settled and with few wild ani
mals the cattle do not need horns.
Among the hornless breeds are the
Galloway, Angus, Red Poll and Polled
Shorthorns. Polled Jersey and Polled
Hereford are also coming into favor.
By the application of caustic potash
the growth of the horns is prevented
in the young calf. Inter Ocean.
Care of the Family Cow.
Close confinement, with Impure air
and lack of exposure, is as prejudicial
to the health of milch cows as to that
of human beings. Some recently pro
mulgated theories of dark, warm
stables and no exercise for profitable
milk production are without a rational
basis and certain to lead to disas
trous results sooner or later. Expo
sure to -storms and cold is equally in
jurious to the health and profit of
cows. A Judicious mean is the pro
vision for moderate exercise in the
open air and sunshine, and the appli
cation of the same common sense care
for the comfort of cows which one
would approve for members of his own
Provide ample pasture for the calves
Fit yourself to the weather. Don't
get all out of kink because the weather
The work of raising chickens has
only begun when you get the downy
things out of the shell.
It is claimed that an orchard in the
State of Delaware has an annual in
come of $10,000 from 200 acres of apple
Have a driveway right through youi
barn. It will prove valuable in many
ways, especially in the matter of keep
ing it clean.
Nothing better for growing swine
than good pasturage, and there is no
more economical method of raising
The Connecticut Experiment Station
recommends that for the best results
in hatching, eggs not over five days
old be used.
Poultry and dairy products have al
most doubled in price in the past ten
years. Es3 and m!l- zra still rising
in average price.
An excellent feed for all kinds of
young stock is fine cut clover hay.
cooked and steeped in boiling water
and mixed with salt, bran and corn
BARGAINS OP LOTS.
So Long as We Live We Will IfsTe
Four children are huddled in a tiny
room in a tenement. An aged woman
painfully climbs the stairs and enters.
Her tired face lights with a smile as
she places a bundle of groceries on a
table. She has tolled all night at
cleaning the floors of, an office build
ing. "Grandma," the children call
her. Her days of toil had, seemingly,
ended years before. She settled down,
then, to end her life in rest and peace.
But her son died; then her daughter-in-law
died. And to keep the children
together she got work. We thought
lessly call this a sacrifice. We think it
is giving "something for nothing."
Oh, no, the old lady Is smiling. She
made a bargain. She tolled to win
the deep peace that is shown by her
Here is a musty old man, a profes
sor, sunk in his books. What a lot
he has missed in life, some of us
say. Missed nothing! He hasn't sac
rificed a thing. On the contrary he
got just what he most wanted
knowledge and scholarly contempla
tion. He might have had fame,
wealth, a beautiful home. But he
traded them all off for what he Want
See the millionaire. Worry besets
him; he does not sleep well; he dis
trusts every man. He traded peace
and quiet and contentment for mil
lions. Money was what he wanted.
And this is life bargains. We bar
ter this for that; trade what we want
less for what we want more. Look
at yourself at any moment in your life
now, for Instance. Everything you
have got by this bartering; every
thing you have not, you have traded
away. "I'm a poor man," pernaps you
say. Yes, but you're something more
than that. Maybe you're lazy; maybe
you drink; maybe you hate to save;
maybe self-control is unpleasant to
you; maybe you wanted a little home
and children; maybe you saw that you
coul buy happiness for yourself by
giving your money to others there
are 10,000 maybes. But you may be
sure that you got what you wanted.
You made your bargain. You didn't
Yon can see, then, when the big
thing, the right thing, in this world
Is wanting, Ideals should be set high.
You will get what you really want.
You can't help It. You're paying out
something all the time. Be sure you
will be getting something back. You
can't stop trading in this market for
life. Don't be cheated. Choose and
Although the holder of a patent
makes no use of it because of the ex
pense In making necessary changes in
machinery, the United States Supreme
Court in Continental Paper Bag Co.
v. Eastern Paper Bag Co., 28 Supreme
Court Reporter, 748, holds the non
user not unreasonable where there is
no proof that the cost of the product
was increased or the output dimin
ished. The United States Supreme Court
in construing that section of the Con
stitution of the United States which
provides for extradition of . persons
accused of "treason, felony, or other
crime," held in Pierce v. Creecy, 28
Supreme Court Reporter, 714, that in
extradition proceedings It was only
necessary to show that a crime had
been committed, and that the fact
that it appeared on the face of the
indictment that prosecution was
barred by limitation was not a proper
question for consideration.
The opinion of Judge Farrington of
the United States Circuit Court for the
district of Nevada in Goldfield Consol.
Mines Co. v. Goldfield Miners' Union,
159 Federal Reporter, 600, while recog
nizing the right of workmen to dis
continue their services at any time,
holds that they have no right to in
timidate, either by threats or acts,
other persons desiring to work. The
miners' union, after knowing that
pickets were doing unlawful acts, con
tinued to co-operate with them. The
court said that this was sufficient to
show complicity with them.
In Delmar Jockey Club v. Missouri,
28 Supreme Court Reporter, 732, the
Jurisdiction of the United States Su
preme Court is invoked to set aside
the decision of the Missouri Supreme
Court revoking the franchise of plain
tiff in error. In answer to an infor
mation in quo warranto the club en
tered a general denial followed by cer
tain allegations which the State court
held to constitute a plea in confession
and avoidance destroying the effect of
the general denial and Insufficient as
a defense. Judgment of ouster was
granted on motion for judgment on
the pleadings. The United States Su
preme Court held the contention friv
olous that the decision of the State
court violated the Federal Constitu
tion as finding defendant guilty of vio
lation of its franchise without trial
and dismissed the writ of error.
"Have you any of those cameras
that photograph out of all propor
Monr . .
"Would it be for trout or tarpon?"
What a convincing sign of weakness
It is In the other fellow to show signs
of Irritation! '
widow Is only more fascinating
a girl before marriage. -
Irrigation Congress Will Ask for Im
provement of National Resources.
Arthur Hooker, secretary of the
board of control of the National Irriga
tion congress, will present a resolution
for approval by that organization at its
seventeenth session in Spokane August
9 to 14, memorializing congress to
issue 3 per cent gold bonds, running
100 years, to the amount of $5,000,
000,000, or as much thereof as may be
necessary for the following specific
One' billion dollars for drainage of
overflowed and swamp lands, thus re
claiming an area equal to 100,000
One billion dollars for the reclama
tion by irrigation of 40,000,000 acres
of arid and semi-arid lands now partly
or wholly waste.
One billion dollars to construct and
improve" deep waterways, to develop
thousands of miles of territory now
without adequate transportation facili
ties. One billion dollars for good roads
and national highways, for the lack of
which the loss to the farm area of the
United States is approximately $500,
One billion dollars for forest protec
tion, reforestation and conservation of
the forest resources, thus assuring tim
ber and lumber supplies for centuries
"Five billions of dollars is an enor
mous sum, but it is no more than is
actually required to carry out the gi
gantic scheme in developing millions
of acres of lands in various parts of the
United States now absolutely worth
less," said Mr. Hooker in explaining
the plan. "Congress will not be asked
to appropriate a penny. The returns
from the improvements would pay off
the bonds. The government would
simply act as a banker, as it does now
for the various irrigation projects.
The bond issue . would provide ample
funds as required to carry out the work
in the several divisions, at the same
time giving the best possible collateral
to those investing in these securities.
"Government figures bear out the
statement that there is enough good
land overflowed in Minnesota, Wiscon
sin, Kansas, Nebraska, Louisiana,
Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi
to make an area as large as the state
of Missouri, or more than 44,000,000
acres, while in the Eastern, Central
and Western states there is more than
aa much more, or about 100,000,000
acres in all. At a conservative esti
mate of $25 an acre, the sale of this
reclaimed land would justify the ex
penditure of $2,500,000,000, or about
150 per cent more than is required to
drain it This land would support
from 2,000,000 to 3,000,000 popula
"Approximately 40,000,000 acres of
lads in Western and Southwestern
states are adapted to irrigation, which,
if reclaimed at n average cost of $25
an acre, would be worth not less than
$200 an acre, or a total of $8,000,000,
000, and provide homes for more than
8,000,000 persons. The economic value
of irrigation car not be measured in
dollars and cents, but crops of from
$500 to $1,000 an acre are not rare in
the irrigated districts. There are al
ready 14,000,000 acres under irriga
tion and the Reclamation service esti
mates it will have reclaimed 2,000,000
acres, at a cost not exceeding $70, 000,
000, before the close of 1911.
"The construction and improvement
of the deep waterways required to pro
vide better and cheaper transportation
facilities is, I believe, a 100 per cent
investment, from the fact that two
thirds of the bulky freight could be
shipped by water routes, at a cost to
the shipper of not more than one-sixth
of the present rail rates. The import
ance of this becomes apparent when it
is remembered that the food question
is becoming a world problem.
"The state of New York is expend
ing $101,000,000 to enlarge the Erie
canal, and $100,000,000 is the amount
required to improve the Missouri river
from a point about 40 miles west of
Yellowstone park to where it meets the
Mississippi river, 2,547 miles. Then
there is the projected waterway from
Lake Michigan to the Gulf of Mexico
and scores of others necessary to cheap
and better transportation facilities.
Millions of dollars will be saved annu
ally to the people of the United States
by the completion of these works.
"The maintenance of the greatest
water way in the world, composed of
the Great Lakes, on which the govern
ment of the United States has expend
ed more than $90,000,000 for harbors
and connecting channels, presents an
argument in favor of the scheme to de
velop thousands of miles of territory in
the Missouri and other valleys. The
other projects outlined in the foregoing
are of equal if not greater importance,
and with proper backing they can be
carried out successfully.
"No one questions the statement
that good roads have a high money
value to the farmers of the nation, and
it may be said that this alone is suffi
cient to justify the cost of their con
struction as rapidly as practicable un
der an efficient, economical and equit
able system of highway improvement
The big points in favor of this expend
iture is the economy of time and force
in transportation between farm and
market, enabling the growers to take
advantage of fluctuations in buying and
selling, as well as enhancing the value
of real estate.
"It is estimated that the average
annual loss from poor road is 76 cents
an acre, while the estimated average
increase resulting from improving all
the public roads is $9. The losies in
five years would aggregate $2,432 for
every section of land, or more than
enough to improve two miles of public
highway. The necessity of good roads
is obvious, as it would enhance the
value of each section of land about
$5,760, or more than double the esti
mated cost of two miles of improved
highway, which constitutes the quota
for 640 acres of land.
"The value of our forests was never
better appreciated than today. Within
the arid and semi-arid portions of the
Western states nearly 124,000,000
acres are covered with woodland, of
value for fuel, fence posts and other
purposes essential to the success of the
farmers. There are also 97,000,000
acres covered with heavy forests hav
ing commercial value for timber and
logs for sawmills, also hundreds of
thousands of acres of timber lands in
other parts of the United States. Re
forestation and conservation of the
vast resources are necessary to provide
future generations with timber and
lumber supplies. The government is
expending large amounts of money
every year to protect its forests from
fires, yet expert lumbermen say that
more standing timber is destroyed by
flames annually than is converted into
merchantable lumber by the sawmills."
Mr. Hooker said it is likely that his
resolution will be presented to the var
ious interests of the irrigation con
gress for discussion and will afterward
be incorporated in a memorial to the
United Sttes congress. It is also pur
posed to have a large delegation, com
posed of representatives of every state
and territory in the Union, push the
measure for adoption. The work of
enlisting the support of the people in
terested in the various projects will be
taken up immediately after the close
of the irrigation congress with the
view to concerted action.
Oaring the Spat.
Her Husband Well, it takes two to
make a quarrel, so I'll shut up.
His Wife-That's Just like a con
temptible man! You'll sit there and
think mean things!
Angry Patron That's the third time
you've given me tlie wrong number. You
must have what they call the telephone
Girl in Central Office I beg your par
don, sir, but that isn't the trouble. You
have what we call the cornmeal musb
voice. Chicago Tribune.
The Bachelor Here's a magazine
poet who likens "hope" to "a fair wo
man." The Benedict Huh ! No wonder ; It
to so disappointing.
"I'm glad to hear that your boy U
getting a foothold as a doctor In that
new town out West."
"Foothold? He's got a toehold. He's
the only doctor there."
"Hasn't that umpire got a peach of a
"Yes; a ball once hit him on his Ad
am's apple and it has never been the
"If I were running things," said the
boarding house philosopher, "I'd put a
piohibitory tariff on slang. The import
ed English varieties are crowding out our
A Queuerlous Tale.
He came from a place called Chefu
The place 'where long pigtails grew--
And was always made furious
When told it's quite curious
How much like a tail is a queue.
'Are you blind, prisoner?" Inquired
"Yes, your worship."
"You are charged with vagrancy.
How did you lose your sight?
"By a fit of appleplexy, sir."
"But there Is a picture on your
breast representing nn explosion in a
mine, through which, it is stated, you
became blind. Hw Is this?"
"Please, your worship, I couldn't
afford to pay a hartlst as could paint
appleplexy." London Answers.
Farmer (showing him his live stock)
These are my Jerseys. Ever tee any
City Visitor They are certainly fine
specimens. Still, I have always thought
that if I were buying a cow for my own
use I should prefer the er Early York
The Embarrassing Trnth.
"The vindication of Dr. Harvey W.
Wiley is a great triumph," said a
Washington diplomat, "for pure food.
Dr. Wiley tells the truth, and the truth
Is painful to certain types of food producers."
The diplomat laughed.
"Dr. Wiley was talking the other day
about the palnfuinoss of the truth," be
resumed. "He said It reminded him
of a morning call that he once made
on a young lady in his youth. In an
swer to his ring a tiny tot of a girl
opened the door, and Dr. Wiley said to
her, as he walked into the hall :
"Where is your auntie, Mabel?
'"Upstairs In her nightie,' chirped
the tot, 'a-lookln over the balustrade.'"
A Grave Donbf.
Caller So your cook has passed
away to a better place.
Hostess Yes but I don't know If
she'll stay ; poor Bridget was very hard
to suit. Boston Traveler.
"My father has been a sufferer from sick
headache for th last twenty-five years and
never found any relief until he began
taking your Cascarets. Since he has
begun taking Cascarets he has never had
the headache. They have entirely cured
him. Cascarets do what you recommend
them to do. I will give you the privilege
of using his name." E. M. Dickson,
1120 Resiner St.,- W. Indianapolis, Ind.
Pleasant, Palatable.' Potent, Taste Good.
Do Good. Never Sicken.'Weaken or Gripe.
10c. 25c, 50c. Never sold In bulk. The gen
uine tablet stamped C C C. Guaranteed to
Curs or your money back. KS
Letting Him Down Easy.
A young man of very limited means,
after the marrluge ceremony, present
ed to the minister twenty-seven large
copper cents, all spread out on the
palm of his right hand. "This is all
I've got, parson," he said. Seeing a
disappointed look in the minister's face
he added: "If we have any children,
we will send them to your Sunday
school." Success Magazine.
Fellow Statesman Senator, that
speech of yours in favor of the income tax
was Ou of the strongest arguments I
Eloquent Senator (with some uneasi
ness) You don't think it changed any
votes, do you? Chicago Tribune.
Mothers will And Mrs. Wtnslows Soothing
Syrup the best remedy to use ior their chUdrso
Suring the teetbiug period. .
Cooking Up a Meason.
Nan I like a play with a stirring
Fan That's the kind that thickens,
A household once supplied with Ham
lins Wizard Oil is seldom allowed to be
without it In case of sudden mishap
or acciaent wizard Oil takes the place
of the family doctor. Are you supplied?'
Mrs. Upsome Dr. Mary Walker makes
fun of the spring styles of hats.
Mrs. Goodsole I'm so glad to leara
that the dear old lady is still alive.
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
If the demands of the Women's Social
and Political Union of England are con
ceded, about a million and a half women
will be given the vote.
DAISY FLY KILLER
andkliln allfl let.
Nuut, i-leai., orna
lent, cheap. Laata
all eeeAoa. Caa
not ti ill or tie
over, will not oil
or Injure any
..I i .... i . .
dealers, or sent prepaid (or 80 cent.
HAROLD 80MERS.1B0 DeKalb Ave., B'klyn., N. V.
"What is your principal object, any
how," asked the visiting foreigner, "in
building that Panama canal?"
"Well," answered the native, "we have
n idea it will limit the size of future
battleships." Chicago Tribune.
: ; - )-)
- IS S . ' '
ri it, Mi., J San hi i mi hiimi,
DR. W. A. WISE
Ci Veara a Leader in Painless Dental
Work in Portland.
Should remember that our fores Is no arranged
that WE CAN Do THKIK ENTIRE CKOWN.
BK1DGE AND PLATE WOHK IN A DAY If
neceaxary. POSITIVELY PAINLESS EX
TRACT) NO FREE when platen or bridKea are or.
dered. WE REMOVE THE MOST SENSITIVE?
TEETH AND ROOTS WITHOUT THE LEAST
PAIN. NO STUDENTS, no uncertainty.
For the Next Fifteen Days
We will five you a good 22k gold or pores
lain crown for fS.M
22k brldita teeth I 60
Molar crown 1.00
Gold or enamel fillings 1.09
Silver fillings M
Good rubber plates (.00
The best red rubber plates T.OO
Painless extractions M
ALL WORK GUARANTEED IS YEARS
Dr. W. A. Wise
President and Manager
The Wise Dental Co.
(INC.) Third snd Washington St.
HEW writing; to advertisers plaase
mention this pspsr.
do '.r una
A FULL POUND 25c
Get it from