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About The Athena press. (Athena, Umatilla County, Or.) 18??-1942 | View Entire Issue (July 16, 1909)
Cultivation That Damaget Corn.
The corn is often damaeed bv tha
roots being broken in deep cultivation.
This is not the case to a serious, ex
tent early in the season, when the corn
n, . n n I IS Small. DUt th Phpilr tn tha nrnn mn.
. mm ior f arm uarn. i ' wy iub
The many very marked changes in be .ult marked If cultivated deep
tut. i . . it I 1 Q f A In rha eun mn mV, U i
farm life would lead one to believe
uic numu icau uuc tv ucuctv ,t UWM u wiu uaa
thaf t ,t11 Ka I reflOhpd fl hf1cht- nf 9 M ft Aaaf m. v,rt
.uub mo mic iaiui la, ui duvu win wct . tv w v wvic,
a thing of the past. The high price particularly if the previous cultivation
r9 vi al. t i ' i j hna hoan ahallrnr ri nArrlAnfAy9 r m j
of farm help, the necessity for better
cultivation and farming, fewer and
Detter bred stock, better care of stock,
better buildings for housing the hay,
grain and stock, has or soon will bring
the small farm, and, so planned and
arranged that a greater variety of prod
ucts are raised V .
Many instances are known where the
man who had struggled for years with
200 to 500 acres, barely made a living,
and of doubling their Income by slm-
tiflXOt iiHtL AHI.
ply renting out all'of the land except
fifty to eighty acres. That several cows
must be kept on such a farm goes with
out saying, not only for the monthly
income and profit, but for the manure
that is necessary to keep the soil alive.
Present sanitary requirements call
, for many devices and appliances that
cannot be Installed on the small farm,
but cleanliness and kindness is within
the possibilities of any of us, and while
v it is true that to house the cows in
the same building with the horses has
I some disadvantages, it also has its ad-
vantages, and to build separate build
ings for both, Is not only expensive, but
calls for extra help In caring for and
A careful study of the barn shown
in the Illustration herewith will show
what we will call a condensed arrange
ment, and, while the cows are in the
same barn with the horses, a good,
tight partition separates them from the
horse barn, to keep out the dust and
odors. For the same reason the silo Is
located where shown, for silage, no
matter how well cared for, has an
offensive odor, that Is readily absorbed
The floor plan is self-explaining, the
silo is an ordinary stave structure, with
wire cables for hoops, as the cable is
not so easily affected by contraction
and expansion as the solid iron hoops.
The crib has the foundation left out
as shown, and the floor is of 2x6 inch
studding, with one-half-inch spaces be
tween. The siding Is drop siding, the
same as the balance of the barn, but
the top and lower edges are beveled,
ad a one-half-inch space is left be
tween each board. This construction
allows a free circulation of air, and
i keeps out the rain,' snow and wind.
The small amount of corn that drops
through the floor is eaten by the poul-
I I I
Ij mi t T. ut H-l 9al
ill il il il irn
I cew. : itmm exit I . f
I -J If
! fcu. -
ZOO Pi. AH.
try and hogs. The studding are 12
feet, and the lower story is 8 feet;
the cow stalls are of cement, with gut
ter, and all stalls have pounded clay
floors. It. will pay to plaster the walls
and celling of the cow barn with ce
ment After the silo nas been used for
several years. It Is intended to Iatb
and plaster It with cement
It will pay to use good material
throughout, provide a good foundation
and roof, and to keep all exposed wood
work well painted. I
As the various climates demand
lightly different construction, and tha
lumber used Is not the same In all
sections, it would be simply a waste of
valuable space to describe them here.-f
J. E. Bridgraan, in St Paul Dispatch
late in the season, when the corn has
'i ' ' V
Fertilizing the Garden. i
Don't be afraid of getting the soil
too rich for any of the vegetables
whose leaf or stem is edible. If yon
; cannot have plenty of well rotted
manure, a top dressing of nitrate of
sr. soda Just before planting will furnish
the plant food needed of nitrogen, bit
other elements may be needed for a
iirnnpr nn nnrn unnn oon oa it avail.
able, are a eood source for Dotash. bit
sulphate or muriate of potash may re
used Instead and frequently a dressltg
of hyperphosphate Is beneficial
If one Is growing only a small guv
den for home use, the? droppings from
the poultry house will furnish enough
fertilizer to keep the soil In a good
ftate of fertility; but If growing track
a large scale. It would be well to
iqulre of your experiment station
hat commercial fertilizers would be
if most heln in securing maxlmnm
jcrops of the vegetables yon wish to
has been shallow or neglected. If dry
weather happens to follow such treat
ment the damage to the crop Is much
Increased. When not followed by
some form of cultivation that will level
down the ridges left by the large shovel
cultivator, the ground will dry out
quite deeply and In the furrows be
tween the ridges this drying readily
reaches the roots of the corn. To
obviate this as much as possible, when
the old-fashioned large shovels are
used, the work should be followed as
soon as possible with something to
level down the surface.- Unless there
Is something to be gained by it, deep
cultivation should not be followed.
Co-Operatlon Among- Farmer.
Men In all other lines of business
organize and work together. Farmers
are beginning to see the need of con
certed action, but as a rule we still
work single-handed. At Lombard, 111.,
about twenty miles west of Chicago.
the farmers who produce milk for sale
in tne big city have tried several times
to organize in order to force the milk
trust to pay them a price In accord
ance with what the customer pays, but
tne trust is always able to hire some
farmer to break the rules of the local
association or to talk against the proj
ect to such an extent as to defeat Its.
ends. That Is one great dlfiiculty in
forming protective measures among
farmers. There are always a few men
ui me community who are willing to
sacrifice future advantages
few cents in present price. Agricul
E!lr Regnlated Gate.
The gate hanger Illustrated In the
drawing is very handy for use where
It is desired to let hogs pass from one
pasture to another
while cows are
confined to one. As
shown, the hanger
is a piece of strap
Iron bent around
the poBt and sup
ported by pegs.
These pegs may be
Inserted In holes
at varying heights.
This Is also a good
device for raising
the gate above the
snow In winter.
Sam Avery, in Farm and Home.
All In Manaarement.
Folks say that if you want any class
of stock that can always be sold at a
profit, from weaning time until totter
ing old age, you want a mule. We do
not raise mules, so can not, speak from
experience. This much we do know,
however, several good friends of ours
have been dickering in mules for years
without making any money. Perhaps
these are the exceptional cases that
prove the rule. Others have raised
and bought mules and made good
money. We surmise it's more the man
and his management than it is the
mule, that reaps the profit The same
man dealing In razorbacks might make
some money. Farmers' Mail and
Fertiliser for Potatoes.
For potatoes the past year we usea
1,200 pounds of fertilizer to the acre,
one-third applied broadcast and the
rest scattered in the furrow, brushing
the fertilizer Into the soil of the fur
row before planting the seed. After
planting, the surface was kept well
stirred to prevent weeds starting and
the cultivator was run often enough
to keep down the weeds. A little hand
hoeing was done. The yield was 250
bushels per acre. The crop followed
corn and the land was very thorough
ly harrowed before potatoes were
planted. Plenty of harrowing and lib
eral' use of fertilizers may be depend
ed on to give a good crop.
Rotation of Foreata.
The necessity of the rotation ot
crops Is well recognized among mod
ern farmers, and now It appears that
In India nature is seen practicing the
same thing in the forests. The soil
becoming exhausted after a long period
of one kind of forests, seedlings of
other species gradually replace the
old trees as they die out On the
Indian soli, the deodar tree has been
observed taking the place of the blue
pine, pine and oak slowly exchange
places, and spruce and silver fir have
been noted gradually extending Into a
forest of falling oaks.
Separating pe Badiyweds
Prof. R. A. Moore says that pains
taking In breeding corn has raised the
average corn production In Wisconsin
from 25 bushels per acre In 1001 to
4L2 bushels per acre In 1907. This In
crease is worth striving for In every
State and on every farm. '
Notea of the Pis Pea.
Give growing pigs food to produce
bone and muscle rather than fat
The pig should have a warm, dry
bed kept clean and free from dust
No domestic animal responds so
quickly to good treatment as the bog.
After eighteen years of statehood the
manufacture of divorces still remains
South Dakota's greatest and most pro
fitable industry, outside of her mining
output . It brings Into the State more
money than her granite quarries or any
of her manufactures. It has made capi
talists out of her lawyers and wealthy
men out of her hotel keepers. It has
made of a straggling prairie town call
ed Sioux Falls, a thriving little city
with big hotels, handsome residences,
stores filled with Paris Importations,
and legal emporiums in every nook and
corner. Sioux Falls Is a city of fifteen
thousand inhabitants, situated in Min
nehaha county, in the southeastern
part of South Dakota. It is the me
tropolis of the half-grown State anil Is
the Jobbing center of a territory as
large as the State of New York. It has
a hotel that woulB do credit to a city
three times Its size built to accommo
date divorce seekers. From 100 to 500
men and women are always present In
Sioux Falls waiting waiting and
spending. They leave from $100,000 to
$1,000,000 a year In the city and ttey
furnish Us permanent citizens with a
never-failing source of Interest apd re
mark. Go where you will In Sioux
Falls, talk with whom you will, your
eyes will eventually light upon some
handsome, rather subdued looking wom
an, In garments which proclaim the
fact that she has been transplanted
from somewhere nearer Paris, and your
host, dropping the main subject, will
say eagerly: "Been living here since
January. She bought a $10,000 house
last month and you ought to see the
livery her servants wearl She's a dl
vorsay." From East and West, from Canada
and foreign lands, the dlvorsays come.
Rich and poor, some of them bearing
names known all over the world, they
slip quietly into the city to live and
spend money and amuse themselves
and wait. Lovely women who have
never known how the other 999-lOOths
of the world live, come to Sioux Falls
and try to pretend it Is Fifth avenue.
Millionaires whose money has failed to
move eastern Justice fret away their
six months of enforced exile in trying
to buy everything from comfort to
haste. Wives bearing famous names
come to town to trade them for names
not so famous, but borne by more at
There is a very popular delusion to
the effect that South Dakota conducts
Its divorce business on the nickel-In-the-slot
or the Saturday-bargain-sale plan ;
that signed decrees made out in blank
are stacked high on the counters of ev
ery, court house and that train sched
ules to the county seats are so arrang
ed as to give visitors an hour for din
ner, ten minutes for divorce and fif
teen minutes to get married again and
buy a return ticket Nothing could be
farther from the truth. It takes time
to get a divorce in South Dakota, Just
as it does everywhere else except in
Chicago. It takes from six months to
nine months, varying with the ability
of the applicant to produce a feeling of
haste in the various courts.
When the South Dakota constitution
was completed In 1889 it was decided
to encourage immigration as much as
possible, and with this in view It was
decreed that any one living six months
in the State should be entitled to citi
zenship. Then the divorce laws of the
new State were drawn up a little
stricter than in most States with the
exception of the fact that proceedings
were not required to be made public.
Suddenly It was ' discovered that a six
months' residence law, a closed court
and an isolated part of the country,
when fused together, made a compound
which would separate hearts, hands and
homes without pain, publicity or scars
of any kind. All unwittingly the deed
was done, and when the maritally
messed portion of the country realized
the glorious opportunity, the malcon
tents arose as one man and one woman
and took the first train for South Da
The dlvorsays are required during
the process of separation to swear that
they are permanent residents of the
State. Still, as one lawyer dryly put
It, "They are their own masters." Di
vorce evidently renders the health very
susceptible to the rigors of a South
Dakota climate, for, while an undlvorc
ed person can flourish in the State al
most Indefinitely, the divorsay as a rule
begins to develop alarming symptoms
of nostalgia, ennui and other diseases
which require a change of climate with
in twenty-four hours after the decree
is made out Some of the most careful
or least grateful make a point of main
taining their legal residence In the
State for some years, however, and oc
casionally come back to vote at the
As a matter of fact, Sioux Falls Is
getting pretty tired of the divorce busi
ness anyway. There was a time when
it was the pride of the city, and prac
tically the only money seen in that
wind-swept section was brought there
by dlvorsays and freckled pasts and
spangled futures. They were welcome
then. But the city has grown up in the
past few years. There are other build
ings now, taller than the Cataract hotel.
There are citizens richer than the dl
vorsays, who have automobiles of their
own and who spend money which Isn't
so odorous. There are other ways of
getting rich and other sights more In
structive than naughty fragments of
All over the State the same dissatis
faction has grown up. In consequence,
the Legislature passed a law lengthen
ing the term of residence for the di
vorsay to a year, requiring open court
proceedings and putting in other pro
visions calculated to injure the trade.
Montreal Star. '
SOME HISTORIC TREES.
Many at Prealdent Harea' Old Home
Named for Noted Men.
"This is about my size!" said Judge
Tart, on a recent visit to Spiegel Grove,
the old home of President Hayes In
Fremont, Ohio, as he walked up to a
magnificent scarlet oak and put his
hand on its great trunk.
"The Taft oak Is Its name hence
forth," replied the owner of the place ;
"and your namesake stands In honored
Some distance nearer the driveway is
the Cleveland hickory. In 1893, when
Mr. Cleveland attended the funeral of
ex-President Hayes, the horses attached
to the family carriage became 'fright
ened, and Mr. Cleveland, alighting,
leaned against this fine hickory, which
has ever since borne bis name.
In 1897 President McKinley, after
attending a wedding at Spiegel Grove,
spoke at the reunion of the 23d Ohio
Volunteer Infantry, to which regiment
both he and President Hayes had be
longed. The circular stand from which
he spoke was built round a group of
five trees, which have ever since been
known as the McKinley oaks.
A splendid maple shading one of the
approaches to the residence has since
the presidential campaign of 1SS0 borne
the name of President Garfield, an oc
casional visitor at Spiegel
In 1877, during President Hayes' ad
ministration, a reunion of his old regi
ment was held at his home. The lunch
eon tables were spread under an Irregu
lar line of superb white oaks, which
were then formally named after Gen.
Sheridan, the favorite commander of
the 23d, who sat at the head of the
table; Gens. Rosecrans, Bcammon,
Hayes and Comly, the four successive
colonels of the regiment A few years
later a beautiful American elm, stand
ing near the front entrance of the ve
randa, was named by Gen. W. T. Sher
man, in the presence of President and
Mrs. Hayes and several distinguished
Two other Interesting trees In the
grove, although not native, are an oak
grown from an acorn of the Charter
Oak of Connecticut, and a weeping wil
low slipped from the one over Wash
ington's grave at Mount Vernon, which
in turn was slipped from that over Na
poleon's grave at St. Helena.
A tree is a tree, but when a tradition
haunts it it becomes something more;
and the historic trees at Spiegel Grove,
distinctly labeled, attract an attention
which their size and beauty alone would
not win. In Bermuda many a fine tree
shading a home was brought there orig
inally as a tiny seedling from the
bride's birthplace, and used as an orna
ment on her wedding cake.
The custom of enriching nature with
story is a growing one, and to be com
mended. Trees, shrubs, vines, planted
with little ceremonies and named after
members of the family or its honored
guests, become not only beautiful In
themselves, but valuable beyond words
to the possessor. Youth's Companion,
it wil l, savf vnn money m&sm
MM II ami ItS AIM AW 1I1V1 1M M
VIENNA STEAM CLEANING & DYE WORKS
rnirq street, Portland, Oregon
Qeued tai BMwi TU Cm) is La
Ml ii hsaett. Wrikj far Hrticjim
Boaton'a Flrai Woman'a Club.
An assemblage of women for any pur
pose other than a spinning or a quilt
ing was sufficiently rare In the Boston
of 1630; and an assemblage such as
Mistress Anne Hutchinson gathered in
her "parlor-kitchen," where she ex
pounded the sermons of John Cotton,
soon attracted the disapproval of the
Puritan clergy and citizens. To attend
Mistress Hutchinson's conversazioni,
however, became speedily the fashion
for all female Boston, writes Irving B.
Rlchman, in "Rhode Island, Its Making
and Its Meaning," but with results for
the nimble-wilted and earnest Mistress
Hutchinson that soon made her an ob
ject of criticism.
The first Cambridge synod resolved
"that though women might meet, some
few together, to pray and edify one
another, yet, that such a set assembly
as was then In practice at Boston,
where sixty or more did meet every
week, and one woman, In a prophetical
way by resolving questions of doctrine
and expounding Scripture, took upon
her the whole exercise, was disorderly
and without rule."
But Anne Hutchinson possessed a
"nimble will and a voluble tongue," ac
cording to Governor Winthrop, and
when finally brought before the Massa
chusetts General Court, a gathering
comprising the best bigotry and brain
of Massachusetts, to be tried for her
opinions, she was capable of managing
her case alone.
The court made repeated efforts to
draw from the culprit something that
would Justify it In punishing her, but
in every case was baffled by her repllos.
Nevertheless, it was voted that she be
banished, and she and her followers
and defenders were expelled from Mo
A flavoring; ased the same as lemon or vanilla.
By dissolving granulated sugar in water and
adding Mapleine, a delicious syrup il made and
a yrup better than maple. Mapleine ieJd by
grocers. If not send 35c for 2 ot. bottle and
recipe book. Crescent Mfg. Co., Seattle, Wa.
Said he, ."I might mention,
My dearest Maria,
That you're in the class of
A Mrs. Sapphira."
She retorted, "I might say, -
Without any bias,
That you could give pointers.
To one Ananias.1
Which shows that in certaia
More ways than one are there
To say, "You're a liar."
well enough you think mv acting la a
Manazer O. no. mv dear vounr ladv!
Anything but that It's a tragedy.
Byrup the beat remedy to tin lor their ohUdrM '
iuriug the teething period.
At the Night School.
Teacher Give me an example of what
Is meant by "masterly inactivity !"
Boy with the prognathous face A base
ball pitcher delayin' a game so it'll have
to be called on account o' darkness.
Raggay You don't never see me stand
in' in a bread line !
Muggsy That's 'cause yer wife runs a
' Nan Lil Garlinghorn says her steady
is the tallest young man in the city.
Fan She says so, does she? Well, Lll
always was good at drawing the long
beau. Chicago Tribune.
The Only Andlence.
"Does anybody read real poetry now
"I presume the publishers glance at
It before sending it back."
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always
Webster Knocked Ont.
' Jinks Why do you say eyether and
Winks I heard John L. Su'llvan
use that pronunciation at the theater,
and he's from Boston, you know.
New York Weeklyt
When Music, heavenly maid, was young,
When simple songs were simply sung,
There were no thrifty artisans
To put the melodies in cans.
No Difficulty Abont That.
Teachsr (at night school) Qive me
soma illustration of the "survival of the
Shaggy Haired Pupil Any handsome
ODD BITS OP FACT.
The United States consumes 80,
000,000 pounds of tea annually.
A man can Insure against loss in
lotteries with a company at The Hague.
There are more doctors per capita in
New York city than anywhere else in
Sealing wax contains no wax.
The Dutch throne has forty-one pos
Potatoes steeped in sulphuric acid
and subjected to pressure make an ex
cellent substitute for ivory in the
manufacture of billiard balls.
The Profeaaor Demnra.
"Don't quote Slobson to me," protest4
ed the doctor. "I know Slobson, and
he's a regular freak."
"My friend," gravely chid the profes
sor, "you should be more careful in your
use of the English language. Anything
that is regular can't be a freak, and any
thing that is a freak can't be regular."
DO YOU WANT A TYPEWRITER t Tha
Wholesale Typewriter Co., 37 Montgomery St.,
San Francisco, will sell you one at 40 to 75 par
cent discount from factory list, all makes on mar
ket, all fully guaranteed.
Ont of It.
"Mrs. Brown says that she'll never
wear one ol those 500-button gowns"
"Her husband has only one arm."
Detroit Free Press.
CITC St. Vitus' Dance ana arrons uiseases 1
niJnantly cured by Dr. pane's Great Nerve Be.
ttorer. Send for FREE H 00 trial bottle snd treatise.
Dr. B. H. Kline, Ld.. KU Aroh St.. Philadelphia. F
The hen will set and the hen will lays
And the hen will roost up high ;
But one good thing we can say of her
The hen will never lie.
Yonkers Statesman. , , v ' .
Over fifty years of public confidence
and popularity. That is the record of
Hamlms Wizard Oil, the world a stand
ard remedy for aches and pains.
There's a reason and only one MERIT.
The Rush to the City.
"Willis, how came you to leave the
farm and move to town to make your
"I got tired of the smell ot dad s auto
T7 17 T
"Cascarets are certainty fine. I gave a friend
one when the doctor was treating him for cancer
ef the stomach. The neat morning he passed
four pieces of a tape worm. He then got a box
and in three days he passed a taps-worm 45 feet
Urn. It was Mr. Matt Preck, of MiUersburg,
Dauphin Co., Pa. I am quite a worker for Casca
reta. I use them myself and find them beneficial
for most any disease caused by impure blood."
Chas. B. Condon, Uwiston, Pa., (Mifflin CoJ
Pleasant. Palatable, Potent, Taste Good.
Do Good. Never Sicken, Weaken or Gripe.
10c, 25c, 50c. Never sold In bulk. The genu
ine tablet strmped C C C. Guaranteed to
ure or you' money back. 821
DAISY FLY KILLER
ad kill allSlM.
imi. clsaK, orua
all ssassa. Can
not siilll or tip
orsr, will not soil
or Injurs any.
affaoLln. at mil
dealers, or ssnt prepaid for N oants.
HAROLD 80MERS,160 DsKals an., B'Hyn., N. V.
nnuri tun rta r ' I
good health, with its blessings, must un
derstand, quite clearly, that it involves the
question of right living with all the term
implies. With proper knowledge o! what
!b best, each hour of recreation, of enjoyy
ment, of contemplation and of effort may ,
be made to contribute to living aright.
Then the use of medicines may be dis
pensed with to advantage, but under or
dinary conditions in many instances a
simple, wholesome remedy may be invalu
able if taken at the proper time and the
California Fig Syrup Co. holds that it il
alike important to present the subject
truthfully and to supply the one perfect
laxative to those desiring it.
Consequently, the Company's Syrup ol
Figs and Elixir of Senna gives general
satisfaction, To get its beneficial effects
buy the genuine, manufactured by tha
California Fig Syrup Co. only, and for sal
by all leading druggists. '
DR. W. A. WISE
22 Years a Leader in Painless Dental
Work in Portland.
Should remember that our force is so arranged
that WE CAN DO THKIR KNTIKE UKOWN.
BRIDGE AND PLATE WORK IN A DAY it
neceaxary. POSITIVELY PAINLESS EX
TRACTING FREE when nlatea or hridn-ee are or.
dered. WE REMOVE THE MOST SENSITIVE!
TEETH AND ROOTS WITHOUT THE LEAH
PAIN. NO STUDENTS, no uncertainty.
For the Next Fifteen Days
Wa will give you a good 22k sold or pore-
lain crown for 3.10
22k bridge teeth 1(0
Molar crown 1,00
Goldorenamel filling 1.00
Silver fillings M
Good rubber plate , 8.00
The beat red rubber put tee , 7.00
Painless extractions W
ALL WORK GUARANTEED 15 TEARS
Dr. W. A. Wise
President and Manager
The Wise Dental Co.
(INC.) Third and Waahlngton Sta.
HKW writing; to advertisers pleaee
men il on this paper.
Q DO A ID
A FULL POUND 25c
Get It from