Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Rogue River courier. (Grants Pass, Or.) 1886-1927 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 14, 1906)
ROGUE RIVER COURIER, GRANTS PASS, OREGON. DECEMBER 14. 1906.
DRAGGING THE ItOAl)
A MISSOURI r'ARMER'S DEVICE FOR
, 'MPROVINa THE HIGHWAYS.
" D- Word Klonr Trntrd Hla
Rood Drns-I!!KhTH Put la Ei.
rHt.t Condition and Maintained
Small Com by the I'laa.
Probably uo invention fnp rnml Im.
Pruveiaem Uus l.eeu talked ub.n:t and
"niieu about as mueli r.s' the King
"oad dra nnri it i,o i
interest nru:i!S tha farmers through
out the country. Id thn fnNmrini-
atffcle from Farming will bo found
ouie new nnj Interesting facts about
neiuod of Improving country high
ways at Rumll eos:t:
Ten ye.;r.r n"o a Mlsa.inrl f.irmni.
ho l;.ul . rwii tire 5 of wiullng through
sio'.'.Ku 0f tiypoud" eycry spring
neu ine ro:n.s vrere soft, and who had
eeu his nelchbors lose time, nmiwv
auj patience when rlu.ir
tub deep in the ir.iro or their horses
tugging nuj Htruiuhig lu their harness
to get a half load ta market, deckled
mat mere must be name remedy for
this condition. One dav lu thinking It
over he made the astonishing discovery
that what niiulo the roads muddy was
mud, and that If the road was worked
Into such a shape that the water would
drain off Instead of Rii)l:lnr Intn flin
ground after every rain the roads
wouiu cease to be muddy,
lie rlgced tin a hnmen
trlvance out of an old wooden pump
stuck that the frost luul Srinilmt on1 n n
oak post. By means of three pieces of
iciice ooara ne nailed these together
o that they were held parallel to each
other. Then he made a rough plank
pianorm on which to stand and by
means of wire hitched his team to this
clumsy affair at such a point that It
would drag along over the road with
a aiuni or BDout rorty-flve degrees.
He began with the road that ran In
front of his own farm. When It was
at Its worst he drove up and down
from his own front gate to that of his
nearest neighbor. Like a huge mason's
trowel smoothing off mortar, It scrap
ed along, cutting down the Inequalities
nd rough places and filling up the
wagon ruts. He kept at It, and, after a
number of dragglngs. In place of the
flat basin that had served as a water
course for every storm to settle In, he
bad built up a road with a crown and
surface that was Btnooth enough to
bed water "like a duck's back." In
TWO l'HOTOORAPHH, HHOWINO A ROAD BK
FOHB AND AFTKH 1IEINU DHAOOKD.
short, he simply demonstrated the
soundness of his major premise, "If I
can get rid of the mud the roads will
cease to be muddy." The device he
made he called a "split log road drag."
The man who had by such simple
means wonted such wonders with his
road is D. Ward King of Maitland.
Even after having perfected the road
drag the reason that It worked this
wonder was not entirely clear to Its
Inventor until he received Inspiration
from observing a bog wallow. He says:
"One day I noticed that water was
standing In one of these wallows long
after the ground all about It had be
come dry. Troljably I had many times
before observed tins fact, but not until
now had It occurred to me to Inquire
Into Its cause. Examining the edges or
the wallow. I was Impressed with the
fact that It was almost as hard as a
piece of earthenware. Clearly this was
because the wallowing of the hogs had
mixed or puddled' the earth and the
water together, forming a kind of cfr
ment which dried Into a hard and
practically waterproof surface."
The cost of making and operating
this drag Is so small and the Idea that
Is embodied In It Is so simple that the
wonder of It Is that (t application
has not already become universal.
Roads can be worked up Into an excel
lent condition and maintained at a
cost of from $3 to $10 a mile. The
dragging accomplishes a number of
useful things. The most important one
Is that by giving It a smooth surface
and a rounding shape It makes It pos
sible for the road to shed water In
stead of absorbing It Then, too, It
kills the weeds and takes out the
bumps at the sides of tha culvert. It
also destroys the old trail and thn
prevents deep ruts being formed. The
time to use the drag and the manner
of Its use are important Until a road
has been worked. Into some sort of
nape the first dragging should be
4ue when It la very wet or when It la
thawed on top during the early spring.
After that the time to drag- la aftar a
rainstorm or wet span when It bagtaa
to dry out
" NEIGHBORHOOD CLUB.
Jammer Reaurt Society That Seearaa
Clean rath and Seat Dpirhri. .
The neighborhood Improvement club
Idea, so popular and successful in Chi
cago, has spread to the summer re
sort, says a Bay View (Mich.) special
dispatch to the Chicago Tost. The
Bay View Cottagers' association has
been doing for the country Just what
the local reform clubs da for the city.
It has worked for clean paths aud neat
beaches. It has tried to encourage the
summer colony to take care of the
porches aud to raise garden truck In
an orderly manner.
rrotessor W. 8. McGee of the Hyde
Park High school of Chicago has been
the leader of the garden cult. He first
made people understand that a thriv
ing garden could be located on the
sandy soil of Bay View, and his suc
cess with sweetaforn and peas has In
spired a host of Imitators. This move
ment has been one of the Ideas encour- j
aged by the Cottagers' association, and i
it Is planned to offer prizes for the j
best amateur garden grown next sea- 1
son. , 1
When the association held Its final
meeting reports were read on the !
year's work, and It was decided that
the organization should not seek any
official connection with the govern
ment of the community. President J. 1
S. Osgood of 8t. Louis said that In bit !
opinion the purposes of the assocla-,
tlon were best served by keeping 11
Inofficial, like the neighborhood Im- !
provement clubs In Chicago and othei j
The question of muddled skirts was
raised by several of the woman cot
tagers. They complained " It ai
Impossible to wear whit? ; skirts
or white shoes because o: fnuddj !
crossings of the main H;:; thor- '
ougbfares. The assocint t one !
turned Its attention to the .ui of the
settlement, located the offeuding cross
ings and made formal recommendation
to the Bay View authorities that repali !
work be done at once. The crossing!
were fixed up before night. i
Another scheme launched by the cot j
tagers for next year is the establish-,
ment of an Information bureau. Thlf
will be Intrusted with the duty of see-!
tag that strangers find quarters at Bay
View without the delay and confusion
mat nas existed in past years. It will
bo a sort of home finding committee.
TO INTEREST BOYS.
Haw a Town's Y otitic PoIk Were
Enltated For Ctvie Improvement.
In a letter to the American Civic as
sociation Rev. R. 8. Kellennan, presi
dent of the Civic Improvement club ol
Bradford. Pa., tells this Interestlnj
"The Bradford Idea' of Interesting
children, especially boys. In municipal
matters started on one of the unpaved
streets of the city. The president of
the Civic Improvement club went out
personally with a rake and began tc
clean up the rubbish. A neighbor boy
saw htm and came out with his rake.
Then others came out. The president
asked one of the boys If he hud a mat
tock or a pick, saying that the stones
that stuck up ought to be got out
There were five boys out at this Bug
gestlon with picks and rakes, working
and sweating like Trojans. In a da;
or two the street was cleaned up nice
ly. The city teams came nud carted
the rubbish off. When It was all co n
pleted the president wrote an account
of it, including in It the names of tiie
five boys, nud it was published In the
"From this one example the thing
has spread to other parts of the city
The president reports nil new work
Including the names of the boys, and
gives It to the press, which Is glad tc
get It and seconds every move that If
made. Observation shows that bD.ve
like to do things and like to see theli
names In print They will respond II
suitable calls are made on tbein. Nat
urally active, they will turn tbelr tal
ents to good account In public under
takings if they are properly aided and
Love For the Brnntlfnl.
Let us learn to love and appreciate
the beauty which we see around u'
every day. There are beautiful things
everywhere. Some of us tu- them,
some do not. It all depends upon out
education. A beautiful flower maj
grow by the wayside. One person may
pass It by and not even see It, or h
may trample It under foot and call H
nn ugly weed. Another may see the
very same tl iwer and ns be looks upon
It marvel nt Its liea ity and recognize
the handiwork of find. One of these
poisons has no I ve for Ihe beautiful
In bis mul. and tlie oilier has. That l
the only ("iT.-reait. S. ::. pe iple wil:
tell you t!t;:f !r i" : : 1 f
care fa 1 .-r.:-':"'l . ' ;: i- r- '
it we'd " ):.
the b m"I! :
It In jv:r 1 '
Ing to i '
Tfc SnDthern Pacific is pruhin it
work 8 rapidly 'as men cau be se
,.n, Tl.e new steel bridge over Elk
creek ha been completed and work
I ha7 began on the Pass creek bridge.
I fhT steel gug on the Drain-Cos By
! d Is at it with a vim. The st-ain
I shov"e!i will soon be at work on the
i blg'c'ntwet of "'Zt?!- 'iJ'T
You've seen the
many times. Special sales
are not infrequent, but
3'ou've never seen a special
sale in our line that would
compare with the special
sale we have arranged for
this season. Prices revised
to make them move. A real
ly remarkable opportunity.
Thomas & O'tleill
The House Furnishers
rVR-NITUKE. CARPETS. DRAPERIES. STOVES.
- RANGES. CROCKERY. GLASSWARE v
EVERYTHING FOR THE HOME
From a Clotha Pin to tv Parlor Suit.
I-t O W KMT
I It I O K H
O I? 13 IV EVE TV I IV OS
Some good opportunities
for the purchase of
are to be found here some
thing useful as well as orna
mental and beautiful; the
large 6tock and great variety
give exceptional opportunity
for the selection of suitable
gifts for Christmas time. We
lay them away for you.
Rugs and Carpets
All sizes from 16x24 inches to 12x15 feet.
60c to $32.00
All the between prices.
FURNITURE in odd pieces. India Stools,
Music Cabinets, with desk; Com
bination Bookcases and Desks. "
and Picture Frames made to order an im
mense variety of the Newest Mouldings at
popular prices sure to please you.
BAMBOO FURNITURE Book Shelves $1.00
to $5 00, Music Stands
$1.90 to $2 75, Clock Shelves, Wall Cabinets,
Bachelors Shaving Cabinets, Tete-a-Tete Seats.
the sweeper that
$3.25 to $5 00
A fine new line; re
ceipt book with each,
$5.00 to $7.50
Beautiful Chinaware in end
less variety. You cannot afford
to miss our 10, 15, 25 and 50
cent counters. Cups and Saucers
Plates, Cream Pitchers, Sugar
and Cream Sets, Odd Dishes,
Vases in the artistic Kosane ware
reduced to cost; these are ex
Ladies' Desks $8.90 to $15.00
Library Tables $12 00 to $19.00
Center Tables $1.50 to $7.50
When making out your list
you'll be sure to include lots of
presents from this store after a
look at the stock.
Others as attractive
Guaranteed 5 years family use, Wild
Rose pattern, prices per set Table
Spoons f 2 50, Tea Spoons t $1 25, Butter Knives 60c, Sugar
Shells 50c. Special prices on Knives and Forks.
Dining Tables, Mis
sion, 6 feet. Pedes
tal feet, quartered
oak, hand carved,
China Closets f30
Gents Rattan Arm
Water Sets in great variety
at little prices 8 pieces, 75c
to 3 50.
All Brass Beds, regular' $50,
for 35 00; this is a beauty.
Iron Beds, neatly decorated,
$5.75 to 15 00; a few choice
Wood Beds at cost.
AMERICAN CUT GLASS the
standard of excellence the world over
LIBBEY'S a lot of ours is Libbey's
the finest made Note the slaughter
in prices Cologne Bottles, former
price $8.65, now 6.75; 3 piut Jugs
$12.50, now 10.00; Jewell Case $4.75,
now 3.25. Tumblers, before $40 00
doz, now 23.00; Vinegar Jugs, before
$8.75, now 5.50; Spoon Trays, before
$9.75, now 6 45; 8-in. deep Bowls, be
fore 8.7s. now 5 00. A lot of other
items just as deeply cut.
The Imperial au
matic Re c 1 i n i a g
Chair the greatest
easy chair ever in
vented, foot rest and
$20 00 to $32 50
This handsome gen
uine Rattan Rocker,
$3.85; Rattan Nurse
Rockers, $3.75; $8.50
Rockers for $7.35.
Large Roomy Rock
ers, usually $3.00 for
Big Leather Rockers,
usually $22, $17.65.
Odd unique shapes in
great variety at rea
Children's Chairs, all
kinds high chairs, nur
sery chairs, rocking
chairs all prices.
Evi3itYrriii'G as viAri:itrriwii:i ot ivvmuis ju yvvizh
MLN WHO SUCCEED ;
ARE THE WORKERS!
Bui the Mere Getting of Rlchea ia
e. N&rrow Conception
In tliis day of commercialism and
money getting, the following onder
the caption "Men Who Succeed, "
from the FioBiicial Bulletin, of Den
Ter, Colo., ia timely and well worth
".It had been laid that it ii the dis
cernment of the opportunity that
makei micceiBful meo. Some men are
particularly well poised in thece
qaalitit'i and are alert to grafip oppor
tunities when they are presented In
deed they create them. They are fear
les, astertive, pocitive; while others
hesitate, are fearful of result and
make no special effort to aee beyond
a narrow horizon. They do not real
ize, perhaps that H i exercise of the
mental qualities that prodocesactifity
and these grow and develop only as
we pernio in the work we desire to
"The sordid, Rrori man believes his
environment governs his life, and he
makes little or no effort to free him
self fioin these conditions. The men
tally weak man likewise believes he
has ai affliction peculiar to hitn
slf, and he does not try to secure re
leave from b. mental attifide. It is
very real to b tli of them and they be
lieve ir i'.o conditions so thoroughly
that their lives are lived on a dead
level'in keeping with what they be
lieve to be inevitable. They are
averse' to the labor that is necessary to
acquire succeHU, aud they would resent
any attempt to 'aronae them from
their lethargy. . .
."The snccessful man of the tiints in
any profi-snion or bnsineis career, and
in social, religious and edorat'opal
affairs, is the man who bai studiously
cultivated iu"ntal poise. He care-
folly chooses his course and allows
no condition to impede his progress,
inch men are indefatigble workers
they do Dot recognize defeat. A
knock-down Is merely taken as un in
centive to greater exertion. If tbey
are broad-niinded men they see only
conditions to be ovrnome not per
sons. The reward of riches to such
characters is merely the by prod net of
tiieir lalxirn. They have ideal which
they keep ever iuvie'w, a th n blp
tor works to his model. Men of This
stamp are foond in every walk in life.
They may be saccea-fol in trades or
professions, or their ideals may be
found in a desire for great Knowledge.
"The demands of today 'are for ui"u
of this latter type, and the troe
j foundation of it all is chararter'huild
I iug. Those who have axuired gr t
I wealth y"it""doe not"stify there
! Is still' souiet'iing wiiitinx Wiuu'ls
j it? Every 'man" will some dny auk
himself this question. In the engi-r
1 strife for wealth be may forget it for
! a'time, but it will not down Tor he
soocewtful in our undertakings ii not
oniv desirable, but neoesaary, for we
re ganged largely by what we accom
plish. Hot the mere getting of richea
aa the sole aim of life la after all but
a narrow conception.
The development of publio senti
ment towards the demand for moral
reotitude is growing rapidly. W
are seeing more clearly the need for
clean men and clean methods, A few
years ago the modern educator coo
tiuually held before hla pupil, a the
ideal to attain to, the m.n who had
acquired great wealth by his own
effort No questions were axked a to
how he had succeeded, but the dollar
getting habit was the doctrine of the
w'hool men . Thew things are rat.ldlv
cUngiuK, hikI the rich men t lieTTi :
selyea are Hotting the pace. They are
calling attention to the fuel ehat the
mere dollar within jtwlf has no Jat
Ing value-it is a medium of exc hange
for the things desired.
"Holomon said: 'Wisdom Is the
principal thing; therefore get wtis
dom:and with all th. ..n:,.