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About The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 11, 1915)
CITY OF BURNS
county of harney
The BiR.t City In The Biggest
County In The State Of Oregon
The Biggest County In The State
Of Oregon, Best In The West
BURNS, HARNEY COUNTY, OREGON. DECEMBER 11, 1015
i i v i ivi ni ni ii'r" " i n , mi
WLr I III I Jiir M. I I' I. iM I I I
r ""t 'f . bv.'t vy- & irvir
WINTER WHEAT MAY
PROVE GOOD YIELDER
Experiment Station Statistics Show a
Good Average and Indications are
Favorable Under Right Conditions.
Summary of Results Would Put it
Beyond the Doubtful Stage
BY L. R. BREITHAUPT, SUPT.
The season of 1915 was more
favorable for winter wheat than
usual tho the average results
from this crop to date have been
as good as from any other cereal.
On the hill lands and that portion i
of the valleys which is usually
protected with snow during the
winter, winter wheat may be
grown to very good advantage
and will probably be as high a
yielder as spring wheat on the
average, The following yields
are taken from the varietal test.
Seventeen additional varieties are
omitted from the table on ac
count of their yields being much
less than tho Turkey Red. The
yields are given in the order of
highest actual yield, in bushels
per acre, an indicating that only
one plot of the variety was grown
while the others are averages of
two more plots.
Turkey Red 1558 30.66
Turkey Red I.S.G. 29.43
Turkey Red 2998 28.10
Turkey Red 2223 27.33
Turkey Red F. D. 27.20
Pesterboden . 27.00
Turkey Red 1558 has been the
highest average yielder for the
past three year trials.
In the rates of seeding test the
results, as shown below, are in
favor of the 45 pound rate, tho.
when the value of the extra seed
is considered, this is not quite so
fyident us tie tablet indicate,
n former trials, the advantage
has been in favor of the lighter
rates, 15 pounds being best in
1914 and 30 in 1913.
Lbs seed per a. Yield bus. per a.
15 (rows, cultivated) 27.66
30( " '" ) 30.16
A test of spring harrowing
winter wheat resulted as shown
Ave 3 plots harrowed 30. 2 bu.
Ave 2 plots not harrowed 29.33
bu. per. A.
In a test of the date of seeding
winter wheat in which both fall
and spring seeding was done, the
following yields were obtained.
Sept. 5.1914 35.33 Bu. per A.
Oct. 6. 1914 30.66
Mar. 20. 1915 12.50
Apr. 5. 1915 2.16
Summarizing these results with
results from former years, it is
doubtless true that winter wheat
is destined to be grown to a large
extent in this part of the State.
especially upon hill and valley
land which is protected in the
winter by snow; the hardiest and
best yielding varieties seem to be
of the Turkey Red Rroup of which
C. I. No. 1558 has so far given
greatest promise; from 15 to 45
pounds of seed per acre seems to
be ample and 30 pounds is prob
able the best average rate, har
rowing the crop in the sprinjj
may be of advantage; and the
date of seeding should be early
in September if the soil contains
sufficient moisture to germinate
the seed. Otherwise tt is safest
to wait for rain, tho, "dusting"
the seed in is often practiced.
Spring seeding on dry land has
not been' very successful with
winter wheat in the ast two
Animal Husbandry at
Winter Short Court
BY K. D, ROBEMAN
A thorough understanding of
live stock conditions as they ac
tually exist in the State Is a thing
of vital value to the animal hus
bandman. The animal husband
ry work during the Winter Short
Course at Corvallls from Janurary
10 to February 4, 1916 has been
planned with a view to giving
students such an understanding.
There are but five men in this de
partment at the College but each
is a specialist, an authority along
his particular line, and these men
will give plain, hard, cold facts
about the live stock industry
which will enable those present
to draw their conclusions and
formulate their own plans, The
work will include pertinent sug
gestions as to the various ways
in which existing conditions can
be improved. "We make no
claims whatever that we can run
other people's business better
than they can themselves, " says
Professor Potter, "but we do
claim that in our work here we
have gathered together a con
siderable quantity of information
of various sorts which any farm
er or stockman can put to splen
did use in his every-day busi
WILL BUILD RAILROAD
LINE DIRECT TO BURNS
Robert E. Strahorn Meets With People
After Looking Over Country and
States Conditions Under Which he
Will Make Line From Gap Part of
General System Planned for Interior
Robert R Strahorn, promoter route and tho route over Sage
of the railroad lines that are in-1 Hen be found practical, Mr.
tended to cover a large area of Strahorn frankly said he did not
the Central Oregon countrv and know positively of this route as
make it contiguous to Portland his engineers had not yet been
in the most direct way, authoriz- nble to go over tho ground.
ed the executive committee of The condition of this change
the Burns Railroad Club to an- of plans so far as it effects this
nounce that he would be willing immediate territory is that it will
to begin construction from a point be necessary that at least $225,000
at Crane Creek Gap and build a be taken in stock in the line in
line to Burns as a part of his stead of the $100,000 as origin
lines, provided certain conditions ally planned.
were met. .lie would not build In discussing this particular
this line independently but il is territory Mr. Strahorn compared
to be a part of the through line Burns as being to Oregon what
and on condition that a feasible Boise is to Idaho and said with
grade may be found over Sage Ipositiveness that such was pos-
Antone Kgli has taken many of
his cattle, to his large hav ranch
at Paisley, for the winter.
T. S. Hames has been assisting
Mr. Costello of Dry Valley, to
build a new house.
Mr. Snore and family have
moved into the Hensen pjace so
their two little girls could attend
Wm. Burgett and neice Anna
Craves spent Thanksgiving at
Clyde Love has gone to Port
land for the winter.
Hen and the necessary additional
money was raised to Luild to
gether with right of way and
proper terminal grounds were se
cured. Mr. Strahorn told a large gath
ering of people of this vicinity at
the court house last Tuesday
night that Burns could be placed
on the main through line of a
transcontinental railroad if we
get together and tho details could
be worked out.
Mr. Strahorn talked to the
point and gave his hearers just
sible as we had a big territory to
draw from the north and east
Ho said this was a matter for
men to determine as much de
pended upon the character and
hustling ability of the business
men. He said Burns was the
most isolated town of the entire
proposed system of railroads that
he has under consideration. Bend
Iakevtew and Klamath were all
provided with railroads at this
time, yet these towns were ready
to come in and assist in the gen
eral scheme of bringing about
Owes Hr Good Health to Chamberlain's
I owe my good health to
Chamberlain's Tablets," writes
Mrs. R. G. NefT, CrofiKsi.-n. Ohio.
"Two ears ao I was an invalid
due to stomach trouble. 1 took
three bottles of these tablets and
have since been in the best of
health. " For sale by all dealers.
Fresh fish and oysters for sale
at Mac's Restaurant
Breakfast 5:30 to 9
Dinner 11:30 to 2
Mac's Restaurant & Bakery
Located in the new Levens Building
W. R. McCuistion, Prop.
4fcNU SUNDAY, DC. 18, 1915.
Half Spring chick.n. f rUd to order
Eastern Oystars, say etjrle
Cracked Crab -
Fried Columbia River Salmon'
Freeh fried Halibut
Silvareide Smelt , ..
Boast .pring turkey and cranberry sauce
Roatt beef and brown gravy -Mil
Roaet pork and apple sauce
Masked potato String Beans
Crab salad Flckled teals
Apple and Lemon Fl
Tea, Coffee, Milk
Supper 5 to 8 Short orderg at all hours
Carl Hanson, of Davenport,
Washington, is spending a few
weeks with W. E. Redeman.
Miss Alice Hurlburt spent
Thanksgiving with her parents
near the OO ranch.
Saturday night, Dec, 4th. there
was a dance at Wm. Burgetts.
December -Jrd there will be a
Christmas tree and program at
the school house. Everyone is
Rons Banks has moved into the
Smith house so his two small
brothers and a sister may attend
W. E. Redeman has been doing
some road work near his place.
Dec. Cth there was an election
to. determine expenses for the
what he could and would do pro- better transportation facilities
vided everything come out as out- for the big interior country.
lined. He told them of the p.- .i
bilities and put before them the
critical situation under which
Burns is placed under existing
conditions. Mr. Strahorn futhor
told them that he could not ac
complish tho results desired with
out active co-operation not only
of the people of this section but
the entire state. Portland and
Central Oregon and i very sec
tion effected by the proposed rail
lines he is promoting must do its
Mr. Strahorn explained his posi
tion in the proposed plans; that
li ' did not have a dollar invest
ed in the state, his home being
in another state, but he had fol
lowed construction work practic
ally all his life and this had been
urged upon him. He is not do
ing this in the interest of any
railroad company and pointed out
the mistakes of the big systems
in the past in paralleling each
other and the utter foolishness of
share before he could possibly in- considering such a move.
duce the necessary capital to be I In explaining the necessity of
supplied to complete the lines he local interest in the promotion
XMAS IS NEAR
The place to get
your gift- l at
The Rexall Drug Store
Best price and the
meet up to date Hue
SEED BROS. Prop-.
A very interesting meeting
was held by The Ladies Library
Club at the home of Mrs. Benson
on Nov. 27, Subject Art
"Some Famous Paintings with
a talk on "How to Judge a Pic
ture," a very excellent paper pre
pared and read by Mrs. Benson
was much enjoyed as was also a
select reading on "Modern Art"
by Mrs. Huston, an instrumental
selection "Melody of oye" by
Mrs. Sutton was loudly applaud
ed and proved that the lady is, as
great an artist on the organ as on
the pianp. The Club
its next meeting at the home
Mrs. Maria Kelley, Dee. U.
H. M. Horton presided i,t the
meeting and the court, room was
well filled with people who arc
anxious to secure railroad trans
portation. Dr. Horton introduc
ed Mr. Strahorn with u few pre
liminary remarks and the gen tie
man was given quite an ovation
when he arose to talk. He stat
ed he had come here to person
ally investigate the territory es
pecially between Burns and
Crane Creek Gap and found that
a line from the (Jap to Burns was
not at all difficult and could he
constructed at a small cost and
with a feasible route over Sage
Hen to Silver ("reck it would he
a practical way of connecting to
the west and made a part of the
through line. However, there
were conditions to meet. He
must have more money for this
Sumpter Valley Railway Co.
Arrival and Departure Of Trains
No. 2, Prairif
2:35 P. M.
4t00 P, M.
No. 1, Baker 8)30 A. M.
Sumpter !0i0B A. M.
Arrives Prairie 2;'0 P. M.
No. t Makes good, connection
with Q. VV. It. 4 N. Co, No. 4
(Fast Mail) leaving Portland 6:80
P. M., arriving at Baker 7;&6 A.
M. and No. 17 from et arriv
ing Baker 6i6Q A- M,
No a connests with No. 6 (Fast
Mail) arriving at Baker 7:56 P.
M which picks up Pullman at
Baker, arriving at Portland 7:00
A. M. Also with No. 18 at
0.45P. M for print Ev t
I A finer i uc o,f presents
than ever! You'll make
no mistake in giving a
nice piece of jewelry to
your friend or relative.
There are no substitutes
that will take the place
of a broach, l v a 1 1 i e r,
ring, watch, or any oth
er piece of jewelry that
is an appropriate Xmas
C. M. SALISBURY
Jeweler and Optician
Mr. Strahorn stated that the
greater number who could be in
duced in taking an active part
brings about a more concerted
community and with a large am
ount of the stock together with
right of way and terminals create
an equity upon which he can go
to eastern money centers and se
cure the balance necessary to
complete the project.
He called attention to the pro
perty interests of men who had
spent their lifo time in building
up and the possibility of either
adding to the value of this or its
deterioration under conditions
that might come about. Old
time people who had not been in
a community of hot competition
are apt to get into a rut and fail
to discern advantages.
Portland is not going to take
the lead in this matter and sub.
scribe as liberally as we think.
That is the way Mr. Strahorn has
tho matter summed up. He rea
lizes that Portland is vitally in
terested and that it means much
in a business way to that city,
yet the business men there have
many problems to face and work
out that are of Importance to
Strahorn 'a projects might be
brought to a reality by active co
operation. Mr. Donegan had
figures showing the assessed val
uations in several school districts
through which the line would
pass and acting upon a sugges
tion made to him in a causual way
oy n. j. Hansen mat each man
who owned land contribute $1.00
per acre In stock, showed that
with no particular effort twice
the necessary amount might be
raised and hardly felt. By these
figures he showed that with a
bond issue in this city a sum ex
ceeding $500,000 could be raised
It was a very apt way of putting
the matter before the people and
brought out the simplicity of fin
ancing such an enterprise provid
ed every one would do his part.
Mr. Donegan was followed by
I. W. Biggs who' pointed out the
feasibility of Mr. Donegan's sug
gestion, even with some giving
bu 10 per cent of that suggest
ed as others who were more par
ticular interested would and
could contribute more liberally.
Mr. Biggs emphasized the nec
essity of transportation to the
development of the country in
general and offered many reasons
for it. As one instance he point
ed to the fact that he had experi
enced with one product. At one
time for instance, a producer
could not sell his potato crop at
harvest time for 1 cent per pound
yet within five months from that
date potatoes could not be had for
five cents a pound. Mr. Biggs
pointed out that if a farmer rais
ed five hogs more than there was
a local demand for that he was
going to lose all the profit on
those he could market to feed
the extra five that were not marketable.
Mr. Biggs was positive in his
assertion that every acre of till
able land along the proposed line
could afford $1.00 per acre and
reap 100 per cent before the road
C. B. McConnell was asked to
give some information in respect
to the irrigation possibilities in
the territory. Mr. McConnell
has had the irrigation and drain
age schemes of this Valley under
consideration for some time and
has amassed much data covering
the details. He is confident, and
statistics gathered from accurate
records bear him out. and 120.
000 acres can be brought in un
der the Silvies irrigation scheme
with every assurance of plenty of
water every year. He gave fig
ures on crop reports taken right
from the threshing machines to
show what the average yield un
der irrigation ia and the area now
covered. He pointed out the
many hundred of acres now sub
merged during the flood time
that was practically worthless so
far as diversified and profitable
crops are concerned until the
water was properly handled.
Mr. McConnell called atten tion
to the efforts of local water users
(Continued on page two)
TION OF NEW SYSTEM
Juntura-Burns Telephone & Telegraph
Co. put Common Battery Device in
Operation on the Local Exchange.
Company has 270 of Standard Toll
Linet With Outside Connections
During the last six months the
Juntura-Burns Telephone and
Telegraph Company has been
carrying on considerable work in
connection with their lines al
ready constructed, and prelimi
nary to the installation of their
common battery system in
Burns. By common battery is
meant that all batteries in sub
scribers' telephones are done
away with, and with one large
battery at central office,
scnoer's are permitted to ell
centra by removing the tele
phone receiver from the hook in
stead of turning the crank of the
While this system is not by
any means new, the apparatus
employed is of the latest and
most modern type, which will
give Burns the best telephone
The removing of the telephone
receiver from the hook causes a
minature electric light to glow at
the office. The operator then
inserts a plug in hole commonly
called "spring Jack." which ex.
tinguishes the light.
she then presses over a small
key associated with the plug she
inserts which connects her tele
phone with the subscribers. Also
associated with the connecting
plug are two small red electric
lamps. The function of these
lamps is to show when the sub
scriber has answered, and when
he is through. When subscriber
is talking, they are out When
he hangs receiver on hook, they
glow, indicating that conversa
tion ia through. Working the
hook up and down slowly at the
subscriber's station-flashes these
lamps and attracts the operator's
attention, if another call is to be
The ringing current is most
unique, and is known as the har
monic type. Machines are tuned
up to produce four different fre
quencies of current, which in
conjunction will bell, having dif
ferent reeds it is possible to se
lect the party desired without
disturbing other subscribers.
The equipment was installed
under the personal supervision of
James E. Weston, general mana
ger of the company. Mr. Wes
ton is a thorough telephone man,
having taken a two year course
in electrical engineering at the
sub- Columbia University of Missouri,
later taking a one and one-half
years course at the Washington
University of St Louis. Mr.
Weston states he is now in a po
sition to render a telephone ser
vice second to none, and that he
has ample facilities to take on
new subscribers promptly, and
cordially invites present and
prospective subscribers to visit
the exchange to see the new
system in operation.
Besides the modern and up-to-date
equipment at Burns the
company has about two hundred
and seventy miles of standard
toll lines constructed on which
are strung a total of six hundred
miles of wire. They have con
nections at Vale, Oregon, with
the Mountain States Telephone
and telegraph Company, also ex
changes at Juntura and River
side and a switching station is
to be installed at Albritton to
take care of lines radiating from
that point of the valley.
Are Your Taxes Delinquent.
The court of this county has
entered an order to the sheriff to
issue delinquent certificates on
all delinquent taxes at once. He
is going to comply with this order
and issue certificates on all delin
quent taxes from 1909 to 1914.
If you have failed to pay you
should at once attend to the mat
ter and save additional cost.
W. A. Goodman, Sheriff.
Why You Should Us. Chamtisrlsn's
Because it has established rep
utation won by its good works.
Because it is most esteemed by
those who have used it for many
years, as occasion required, and
are best acquainted with its good
Because it loosens and relieves
a cold and aids nature in restor
ing the system to a healthy con
dition. Because it does not contain
opium or any other narcotic.
Because it is within the reach
FRIEND OF THE PRODUCER
Burns Meat Market
BACON. HAMS and LARD
Fresh Meats, Poultry
Home Products for Home Consumers
SPCIAL INDUCEMENTS OFFERED
TO SHEEP MEN AND BIG ORDERS
them und tuey will naturally look 'of all. It only costs a quarter,
to the part that is tu be direetlv
benefitted to take aotlve lead.
lu closing his remarks Mr.
Strahorn told these present that
there were three Important things
j for us to consider in connection
riili tlil tilM,lUa
.Vll VIII. VII IVl il IOC.
First -Immediate and aggros
sive prosecution of the comple
tion of irrigation and drainage
projects and colonisation of the
Second Supreme efforts in at-'
sisting in financing the railroad '
Third Acqulence in liberal
For sale by all dealers.
O. A. C.
PARMBItiV AND HOMH-MAKERS' WEEK
Wt RURAL LIFE CONFERENCES
January j to 8, 1916
l.iVf lul 'iiimtioii Pi ei Ileal Help (ui 1st Hasu
the I'm iu lit Community
CauvaaKous o oivgoit tiivateai Induatrtva
'rmrauu liruvi's Musi Vital Hub me
Ywti IttQttuuid Mle atie nlrt last yesr. It ia
t,nri plait u make- fitriuU with live
Ibtukeia ml liv thoughts good
wutki-r. mill jfooil woik
WINTKK .SMOm COUIUH
January iu to Fahruarv a. iuiiS
rates In order that the lines may i A -, ...i.ui A-.u.m,,,,,! cou, .,. . n... ua.u
A,lli:il . irwte iu Ai'tuul vtors ot
lit, l.triumul Housvliulii
Cuuiao lu l-HUIT KAIHINO. PARM Caor.
KUll.lt, HI'WI'K KAISJNO. UAIa? WUKK.
. rl KAIMNd, OAnNINO, COOK
1NO. HKWINl. i:o.l'KliUl.l AHIU. IIUMH
NI'KSINi,, lllmlNKUl MITUllUt. KOAO
I'll liiNC. VAHMKNUINKUHINU.MUHAI
Cu4ii.i'''iiirinc Courses Without Tultlue.
Kspsrl luniructiou lu Muslt-
HstiHeM isilrosd rstss.
Voi uiomisiu wilie to ThtCulltfs CsggggghSjsasa.
Africullartl Csllsgs. Cor.sllli. H 11 1 v fl
be placed upon a paying basis at
Assessor James Donegan was
called upon by the presiding offic
er to give some few remarks and
responded with a, sparkling talk
(ff a few minutes In which he
brought out the easy manner Mr.
BURNS BEST FLOUR
BAKES BEST BREAD
Made From New Wheat : : : : Every Sack Guaranteed
Quality Right Prices Right Special Rates to Buyers in
Quantity Lota. See Your Merchant, the Mill or Mr. Huston
The Burns Flour Milling Co.
You Patronise Home when you deal here
To be Given Away
, Every Saturday at 3 P. M.
ONE ALUMINUM SET
Be'sure and bring your coupons
you may be the lucky one.
The one baring the number
nearest to the number under
the seal will be the winner