The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, April 01, 1911, Image 1

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iriie 8rnt ftnrtiejj otuitrtj
Covers aii nrea of 0,428,800 acrcf of
land, 4,0.11,061 acron yet vacant ttib)cct
fo entry under the public land lawn ol
tlio Unltod HlatcB.
Tlio Olllclnl Taper of Itnrnoy Co duty
hi the Urgoit circulation ml ! ono ot
ha bftt dvcrtUln mediums In Kniloru
NO 20.
msely Interesting Account of Trip
Written by H. H. Hendricks
linute Description of a Bull Fight, Clmrnctor of
jplc, Mode of Living, Buildings, Cities, etc, arc
Entertaining No Front Yards to the Residences.
Hendricks, an attorney
biI, made nn extended trip
lex ico last winter, leaving
early in January. Ho
, n lino description ot ms
his brothers, Glen O. and
of Lawen, which The
-Herald has the privilege
ling its readers. After a
intenccs of a personal na-
Hendricks writes.:
Los Angeles I went on
lirect to El Paso. Texas,
"I took the Mexican Central
' crossing the river over to
(Waitress), where I on-
fMexico. Up to that time
Burrectos had not bothered
Mexican Central trains.
Jrn Arizona, and New Mex-
S. W. Texas over which
come to El Paso was mostly
covered with little foliage,
mesquite and cactus; and
the Rio Grando in old
it continued much the
clear down past the city of
ahua (Cheewawa), except
fcw places where irrigation
juried on on account of the
lity of streams or lakes
that possible. When we
Torreon (Tor-re-own, nc-
last syllable), wo found
rich country, irrigated,
bed mostly for raising cot-
; also being a R. R. center.
al cotton and other factories
d there. The altitude
iivn uentrai Mexico along
exican Central R. R. is
ligh, hence not very tropi-
summer, and just pleasant
iter. The altitude from
jo to Torreon is about aauu
Mid it rises to nearly 9000
iZacatecas (Zack-a-take-us,
the tike.) Then we
irn some and enter still
upland valleys, with still
mountains both between
the Gulf slope as well as
sn us and the Pacific slope.
upland valleys are large
i Willamette valley, and one
l several times larger than
febfoot valley of Oregon
Is clear over to Guadalajara,
S's only a few miles ride
Ithe Pacific, At Irapuato
-wa-to, accent on the wa,
ince the wa samo as in
I) I took the side train for
lajara (Waud-ala-ha-ra, ac-
tho ha, samo as in hair.)
Hajarais a city of 125,000
ition, situated about 4000
ibove sea level or a little
seldom rains except in
June, which then tends
the warm season. In the
Eno fires are kept, and no
build them-t-not needed
Iter even. The Btreets are
paved, has fine electric car
up-to-date department
mostly branches of Lon-
sd Paris stores; fine hotels
Buildings. Tho parks or
arc a feature, and arc
used, and beautifully kept;
as at least ono large statue
ae noted Mexican patriot,
General Bon i to Juarez.
in who conquorcd Maxillian
id him shot with his gencr-
i side; and Hildalgo, tho
ho led tho revolt against
100 years ago; and Presi-
liaz (Dee-us, nccent on tho
Tho plazas, except where
i!cs and (lowers are, are
with beautiful tiling, in-
two separate promenade
t around near tho outside
I plaza. At night tho band
nd the people promenade
music. Tho men march
i two, and the ladies march
Id two; the men and ladies
in opposite directions so
io would meet tho samo
1 gentleman face to faco as
ro eacn timo in passing
tho plaza. Tho peons
yns) or poor people, who
save any property at all,
rould not keep it if they
had nny) mnrch around tho outer
promenade, and the rest of the
peoplo march around tho inner
one, and there is no conflict about
it: tho peons know their placo and
are happy- to fill it.
Tho houses are built in all Mexi
can cities, right out to the street,
there being no front yard; and
no space between the houses; so
it looks just like one solid wall of
buildings in the resident district
as well as in the business part.
All lower windows hnvo bars of
iron to protect them from anyone
getting in when the windows aro
open by day or night; all outer
doors to dwellings look alike, and
when you knock, and aro invited
in, you come into a hall or open
ing between the walls of two
rooms.andat tho end of tho hall,
which is as long as the' rooms aro
wide, there is another door, made
of bars of iron like a prison door,
and if you aro wanted in nny
further that door will bo unlock
ed from the inside, and you will
enter through it, and when von
enter there you are in the patio,
or court, where is the real yard,
composed of a space for llowers,
shrubbery, and a fountain per
haps; and it will be tiled also;
tho rooms aro built around the
patio. Tho hotels are tho same
way ;largo ones having two patios,
ono back of the other; the patios
arc open to tho sky. Patio is
pronounced (pat-i-o, accent on
tho pat, pronounced just like pat
in Patrick.) I attended one of tho
big bull fights in Mexico at Guad
alajara. I did not do that to ap
prove of It. but to find for my
self what to condem of it. The
fights do not take place every
Sunday in each city, but I sup
pose there is one nearly overy
Sunday somewhere in Mexico.
They commence at 3 p. m. and
last until G; they kill six bulls at
a "fight", one at a timo, taking
a half hour to each bull; have two
sword men, each appearing al
ternately, or killing every other
one. The killing does not take
long, but tho getting of tho ani
mal ready to bo killed is an in
teresting feature. The bull ring
is made of concrete; with steel
frame to support it; perfectly
round, shape of an amphitheatre;
the steps up and upnro the scats;
the peons buy the sun tickets,
and the others sit on the shady
side; tickols cost for sun side,
75c. which is $1.50 Mex. The
others $2.50 gold or $5 Mex.
the ring holds about .'50,000 peo
ple, and is well filled. The tor
redor's or swordmen get about
$4,000 Mex. 2ach per game. Tho
helpers are well paid too. Tho
Government gets 20 per cent of
the ticket sales as a license fee.
Tho owner of tho bull ring gets
the rest, which amounts to a lot.
Up to the first ledgo or seat there
is accmcntwallaboot7 feet high.
That is not tho bull ring propor.
It is n wooden fence, sot ten feet
inside of tho' cement wall, per
fectly round, made of inch boards
sotting on endnniled to posts and
scantlings on outside Between
tho woden fence and the cement
wall, thatspaco is divided off into
about six compartments by cross
partitions; gates opening from
ono to tho other all tho way round,
and from each ono into tho main
ring; so if tlio bull jumps over
tho fence into a compartment, as
ho does later, tho red flag is
flaunted at him near tho gato,
and ho makes for R, and comes
right out tho gato into tho ring
again just in a fow seconds after
ho jumped over. Tho compart
ments aro handy for tho helpers,
and tho men later on horseback
to saddle up and get ready in.
Frotn each compartment thoro iB
a panel of tho fenco that sotB in
about fifteen inches from tho
rest of tho fence; n helper by
going edgwiso, can go out and
in tho ring quickly by that
means; but no man with tho
bull nt his heels over tries to go
in that way, as ho could not turn
to got in edgowiso whilo running
at full speed; ho goes over tho
fence, stepping his too on a 2x4
which is nailed on tho inner sido
about 18 inches from tho ground
to help him leap over quickly.
Tho bull does not follow ovor tho
fenco after a man when chasing
him. Of courso it is only now
and then a man has to tako to
tho fenco to got out of tho way.
Thero is n hole in tlio concroto
wall of tho ring on, say, the
West; tho ono on tho south optfhs
into tho stables or stalls where
the bulls aro ready to bo let out
in turn; tho ono tho West to lot
in tho horses and drag out tho
dead bulls and horses. Tlio crowd
gathers early; tho band plays
music whilo waiting till tho hour
of 3; the judge of the fight Bits
high up, and conies in just a
couplo of minutes before the hour
of 3 sharp; tho crowd cheers him;
the baud stops in timo and at 3
sharp the judgo of tho fight nods
to his bugler, and tho bugler at
his side toots his horn for the
commencement of the fight. The
door to the stablo opens, and a
bull comes out of the dark into
the light, through an alley lend
ing across that ten foot space;
he hesitates, as his eyes aro not
used to the sunshine; just as he
gets out of tho barn the door is
closed behind him, nnd a man
reaches over tho wall of tho alley,
and plant a bandalcrin in tho
neck of the bull; it is nslcel spike
with barbs so it won't como out,
and the short handle has orna
ments or ribbons on it It stays
thet'e, and the bull hurting nnd
surprised, comes on out in n gal
lop to the middle of the ring,
shake's his head and paws tho
dirt a second till he sees one of
tho four capo men standing inside
the ring, and ho immediately
makes for the first capo man ho
sees, the man shaking his red
"capo" or rag and inviting him
thus to the fight; the bull comes
full tilt, straight for tho man,
who holds tho capo in front of
him, nnd us the bull gets in about
ten feet of him, tho man side
steps, leaving tho capo hang by
his hands in samo position, nnd
just as tho bull gets his head to
the cape, ho raises the
keep it from catching nnd tear
ing in the bulls horns; tho bull
coming so hard, can't stop till he
gets fifteen or twenty feet nwny;
and then he turns, coming lmck
tho samo way, and tho samo
thing is repeated; before ho turns
another time he sees a red cape
closer to him held by n man
motioning for him to como by
flaunting tho red rng; and Mr.
Bull takes for that man; and tho
same thing is gone over again;
tho bull is passed around to all
four capo men, or sometimes
takes across atone unexpectedly,
who if his enpo is not ready,
leaps the fence. Just on the
minuto according to rules, the
bugle calls for the horses nnd
horsemen next; nnd two men each
on a horso enter from tho gato
on the West side, where tho bulls
aro dragged out later. Tho bull
will be over on tho opposite sido
when tho horses aro coming in;
as tho capo men can have him
wherever they pleaso by thoir
cloverncss; and tho rule is that
if tho bull lms not enough fight
to mnke two '"passes" at tho
horses he is ruled oir the ring
and another ono is let in; so they
have two or thrco extras for each
fight; two being ruled ofT in tho
fight I saw.
The men on horseback work
around towards the bull, who
may not attack the horso or cither
horso until ono of tho horsemen
tides up near enough to prod tho
bull with a spike on tho end of a
long polo ho enrrics under his
right arm, striking tho bull in
tho neck nenr tho shoulder; thon
tho bull makes for tho man and
horse which attacked him, and
comos viciously, lifting tho horso
ofr tho ground in somo instances,
nnd turning him clear over end
for end, and the man falling un
der or partly under tho horso; of
course ripping tho horso open
with his horns, somo times in tho
lungs, Komolimes in tho paunch;
tho capo man is right thero to
draw tho bull off from following
up tho attack, on account of tho
man fastened down by tho horso;
so tho bull seldom follows up tho
General ImpressionlWork Will Begin
From East End This Season
Judge Biggs States People of His Section Confident
Construction Will Begin This Season and Complet
ed Through Canyon No Debts for Road Building.
Judgo Dnlton Biggs arrived
Sunday afternoon from his homo
nt Ontario to conveno circuit
court This is Judgo Biggs' first
term hero slnco his election to
tho bench nnd as ho was former
ly n resident of this city it is
needless to say ho mot n warm
welcome from his many friends
in this section.
In discussing tho railroad situa
tion the other dny Judgo Biggs
stated it was generally thought
over at Ontario that railroad con
struction would begin toward
Harney county this season. The
fact that there is now a large
amount of money tied up in right
ot way in the Malheur canyon
under its present terms will nee
cssitnto action this year, leads to
tho belief that actual construction
will begin.
Tho conditions imposed by tho
government should tho present
franchise lapse makes it almost
sure tho Harriman system will
not allow it to expire. Tho pre
sent right of way is held with no
strings. Should it lnpso it would
bo necessary to comply with late
restrictions of tho Interior De
partment to raise tho tracks 100
feet in order that thoy will not
conflict with a proposed irriga
tion project
Tho opinion is general that
there was an ngrcoment when
the Hill interests sold the right
of way to Harriman because of
this restriction and that n point
trackage has been arranged.
This is further made quite plain
by tho announcement that Morton
Barrows, father-in-law of Lewis
Hill has just purchased 2-10 acres
near Ontario which ho has ar
ranged shall bo put into orchard
at once. This land was purchas
ed from the Western Coloniza
tion Co. of which Mr. Barrows
is a stockholder. Tho Hill sys
tem is too closely identified with
this territory as stated before to
abandon it
Tho fact that it is five years
since the government right of
way was acquired by tho Harri
man system makes it very pro-
bablo tho construction will begin
this yenr and pushed to comple
tion at least through Malheur
canyon. Tho Vale Enterprise
lias tho following respecting such
Along with tho news of tho
successful floating in Europo last
week by the Harriman system of
$150,000 bonds on the Union Pa
cific system, and tho filing Inst
week of a mortgage on tho Ore
gon Trunk nnd other lines of
$125,000.000by tho Hill interests,
indicating moro railroad develop
ments, comes tho report that tho
Harriman peoplo are getting into
real action, for tho enrly con
struction work of tho Oregon
and eastern. Last week's re
port in tho Enterprlso stated that
nn appropriation had beon made
for railroad work in tho local
yards nnd that a larger sum
would bo appropriated for tho
construction work into the inter
ior. This wcok a Hnrriman at
torney mado his nppearnnco into
town for tho purpose of closing
tho right of way matters as soon
as possible. Soveral will bo taken
into tho courts.
Job printing-Tho Times-Herald
(Continued on page 2.)
A Salem dispatch in tho Jour
nal says: As intimated at tho
timo by tho attorney general to
the members of tho executive
committee of tho state grange
who visited him ut his ofilco Inst
Saturday afternoon, Mr. Craw
ford holds in a written opinion
thnt the several counties hnvo no
authority to call special elections
for tho purpose of creating a debt
for tho building of permanent
roads, or for any purpose ex
cepting in certain cases specifi
cally provided for as for tho pur
poso of submitting the question
of tho creation and maintenance
of county high schools or for pro
hibiting tho sale of liquor under
the local option law.
Consequently the grange will
proceed to formulato legislation
pertaining to good roads which
they will submit to tho electors
nt tho general assembly in 1912.
Just tho naturo of this legislation
is not known at this time princi
pally for the reason that it has
not yet taken definite form but
it will have for its object to au
thorize tho counties to call
special elections to issue bonds
or create other inbebtedness for
tho purpose of building perma
nent roads.
In his opinion tho attorney
general finds ns follews:
"Thooffectof this amendment,
considered in connection with the
originnl section is to remove the
limitation of $5000 on the au
thority of tho counties to incur
indebtedness, for tho purpose of
building permanent roads within
tho county, but also places the
limitation upon indebtedness in
curred for this purpose, that
it shall bo incurred only on ap
proval of a majority of those
voting on tho question. Tho
question submitted is whether
tho county can call a special
election to submitt this question
of incurring such additional indebtedness.
"I find no provision either in
tho constitution or nny of tho
statutes authorizing n county to
call n special election for this
purposo or for nny purioso ex
cepting in certain cases specially
provided for.ns for the purposo of
submitting tho question of tho
creation of and maintenance of
county high schools, county high
school fund, etc.
"Counties not being municipal
corporations in tho fullest senso
of tho word, but only so far as
they aro so created by tho con
stituted, they have no power to
legislate nnd cannot legislate by
tho initiativo under section- lu of
nrticlo IV of tho constitution,
even ns a district because no pro
vision has been mado by law for
such legislation, and even if the
statute included counties, it is
not entirely certain thnt they
would havo that authority under
tho constitution as the court has
hold that 'municipality' nnd 'dis
trict' aro synonymous, at least
to tho extent that a municipality
is a district, but tho question
whether a county is included
in thnt term has never been de
"In any event, tho counties
havo not so far boon invested
with legislative authority by way
of tho initiative. Having no such
authority, they cannot initiate a
bill authorizing the calling of
special elections, und thero being
no authority of law already ex
isting for such olecions being
called, in my opinion, county
courts or the peoplo of n county,
cannot call a special election for
tho purposo of voting on tho
question of incurring additional
indebtedness for the purposo of
building permanent roads. The
vote required as a condition pre
cedent to the incurring of such
indebtedness must, therefore, be
taken in connection with the
goncrnl election."
Arrangements have been made
for Manager Ashley of tho Baker
Commercial Club to show his
famous steroopticon views of
Oregon's resources in Burns,
April 5th, for the benefit of the
general public and to allow the
Harney Valley Commercial Club
an opportunity to decide upon
slides of the Valley to be furnish
ed for Ashley's eastern advertis
ing tour. Baker people were
highly pleased with these views
and no doubt they will be equally
well received by tho people of
tho interior country.
On his trip into Harney Valley,
Ashley will accompany an excur
sion of about fifteen persons from
Baker and Huntington, who arc
going into tho country to locate
desert claims under the hydro
electric irrigation project along
Malheur Luke, being promoted
by W. C. Pnrrish. Besides look
ing up lnnd. the party will be
equipped for duck shooting and
n general good time is anticipated,
as duck, geese, swan and pelican
darken the air around the lakes
at this timo of year. "Lcm"has
arranged for a substitute at his
shine emporium, and will ride
with tho driver from Prairio City
inlnnd, to bring tho party good
luck, and will incidentally de
spenso conversation and views
on temperance en route. Baker
Teaching Farmers by Mall.
The principle of mnking the
college of direct practical service
to every taxpayer of the state of
Oregon, of carrying its assistance
nnd instruction out to those who
aro unable to attend the course
at Corvallis, is demonstrated in a
striking manner by the Oregon
Agricultural College in its new
correspondence courso in farm
accounting and business methods,
given by theschool of commerce
under Dean J. A. Bcxcll.
Ono ndvantago to tho farmers,
in addition to the fact that it is
free to all, is that it can be taken
up at any time, nnd carried on at
tho convenience of the student
without restriction as to the num
ber of months it covers. There
are already fifty students enrolled
in tho work, and it has so attract
ed tho attention of the publishers
of tho bulletin of lesson instruc
tions that they havo evolved a
plan by which Dean Bcxnll's
courso can be offered by all tho
different agricultural schools
throughout the country, ndaptcd
to each locality and its particular
As fust as the funds nnd in
structional force nt the college
will allow, other courses will be
added to tho correspondence work
for farmers, including a study of
rural law, and agricultural econ
omics. Unfortunately tho legis
lature did not allow tho appropri
ation requested for this work, so
it cannot at this timo receive tho
attention nnd development plann
ed for it. It is tho policy of tho
college, however, to extend these
advantages to tho peoplo of tho
rural communities of the stnte as
fast as resources will permit
, V. T. .LUSTER,
Alnnager nnd Salesman,
Homestead Locations
A. A. I'MtKY,
Secretary nnd Notary Public
UupreiouU That Which IsTutod ami Iltllubto, and Handlo Buccuiilully all Burls ot Itual Katnta lliulnuaa. Wu aro
Audita Pot tho ItelUbU
Talk Your Itual Katale Matters Ovor With Vi, Your Oualneaa Will Ua Strictly ConlUloiitlul, Wu Know Our Dual-
lien, Attend To Our llualneaa and Want Your llualueaa.
Estuays One iron gray mare,
weighing 1050 lbs. and branded
with nn S wrench with a straight
wrench across; ono bay horse,
white spot in tho head, branded
T4 connected on left stifle, came
to my ranch in July and havo
been fed since Sept. Owner call,
pay charges and tako animals.
George Farhens,
Drewscy, Oregon.
Insurance that Insures
icg&Jl estate
W. L. BLOTT & CO.,
Post Office Building, Burns, Ore.
Burns, Oregon.
Hardware and Crockery
Guns and Ammunition
of all kinds
Get our prices before buying
Four well equipped lines. Excellent facilities
for transportation of mail, express, passengers
Prairie City to Burns. Vale to Burns
Burns to Diamond Burns to Venator
E. B. WATERS,' Agent.
;i uinum:u:iu:tntn:nn::u:tuu:umt:ni nt::::nnusuKnn:nummsnn
President and Manager
Harney County Abstract Company
Modern and Complete Set of Indexes
j An Abstract Copy of Every Instrument on Record in
Harney County.
N. A. DIBBLE, Propt.
Courteous treatment, rates reason
ableGive me a ca.M
A First Class Bar in Connection
mmmm mzmmm&&
The Harriman Mercantile Co.
Complete line of
Groceries and Dry Goods
Gents Furnishings
We guarantee quality nnd'prices Let us proveto vou that
we. have the goods nt right pricesCall nndjscc us
Harriman, Oreg.
Tfe lTw Town t cran crlc Qf my
mmmmm mmmmmmmmmmmmmn
Job Printing.