The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, February 06, 1909, Image 1

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Wh,c $ntitcs-3-tcrnld
TlioOlllclnl PnHrot llnruoy County
lino llio liitjii'ft diuilntlon nml Iruiiu uf
tin' lu'M ntUcrllcliiK nudlmiiB In KnHoin
Cuwra mi nron of n,'l28,t'0O ncice ol
Iniuli 4,o:il,uril nrrcH jtt vnrnnt Biil)icl
to entry ttrnlur llio public hind InwB ol
llio Untied Stales.
BIIUAKY (!, 1009
NO, 12
'omparison of Methods by Man Who
Knows by Actual Experience
1st Week The Times-Herald Asserted That Knngc Methods of
Stock Raising Did Not Produce in Proportion to Cultivated
Sections $5,000 a Year on a 160-acre Ranch With Sheep.
Last week The Times-Herald
jblished an article condemning
le proposed range lease law.
stated that the range method
raising stock was not as pro-
ible as the farm method. It
iwcd tliat there were less than
head of cattle, horses,
lies, sheep and swine to every
acres of land in Harney conn-
is shown by the assessment
while in states where there
not public grazing lands the
ck raising industry was much
later in proportion.
Phc following letter published
recent issue of the Iloise
bilal News is from a man who
had actual experience and
rs out tne opinion oi me
his first letter to the Capital
R's, Air. minion coiurasiou
litions on the range and the
ii as follow :
shave read with great interest
letters you published from
Ballantyne and Mr. Grand-
11 about stock on the forest
eru s
Ir. Ballantyne fears the gov-
fment is trying to drive the
spmen out of business in
tho. If this is true let me put
Ballantyne onto a way to
it Uncle Sam. Just buy a
ich an ' take your sheep there.
It tn agricultural yearbook
f randjean speaks of and
y it. xsot omy noes unio
so millions of sheep, but every
ier Eastern state has sheep,
Bn to little Rhode Island. After
ling sheep on the farm right
re in Ada county for six years
in a- .ure Mr. Ballantyne ho
mske from .000 to $5,000 a
ir on a IGO-ranch stocked with
t . , i . ...
eip. n that isn't cnougn m-
le for him, let him double or
bble his ranches and income
lewise. t ncie sam win never
Iject, and the people can all see that tlie sheepmen arc a
fcnefit to the state. Some peo-
le have doubted this heretofore.
is very disagreeable to go
liere you are not wanted, so let
quit forest reserves.
My experience is that sheep
ill eat trees from six inches in
iineter down, and I believe
wry word Mr. Grandjean says
bout destroying trees four or
e years old, and it is a dead
ire thing they will kill out the
iderbrush and therefore destroy
le main object of the forest rc-
erves, to noiu snow ana noon
caters. J we found a simple
ay of tfng them from trees
In the rtnaii, but it would not bo
practical in forest reserves.
The range sheepmen have look-
id with contempt on the small
ry sheepmen on the farm, but I
in show them from my account
soks that every sheep in Idaho
m be put an the farms in the
kvin Falls tract when completed
; on the lands of the Boise-Pay-
te project. Southern Idaho
rm en just as well as not
ire 10,000,000 sheep and not a
iglr ono on the public domain
for" tre ,erve. They not only
be but will be if the news-
bcrs that have the real interest
Idano at heart will agit&t j and
ill tin mi lion. It must bo
ted up 1 1 any good thing.
Io.i . j i irrners would only
Hi ir h iiids a little rent and ,
read and work the ir heads a little, I
rau i"ji-'ilii' luo . 'moke" far-'
in ti -u . ,
iOuld not hutt some of the'
?e flKC'imon to rest their
iths a little and givo their
iniU'li'iw. Ihoy toll ub wo
only tried sheep on a small
and could not make good
quarter hection. That tiio
Dir starw with pasture
h but keeps adding sheep
)ut enlarging liis pasture un-
10 of them can do well, and
finally starve to death. This is
the way the range men have
used tho range and they natur
ally think tho farmer don't know
any better. Personally I know
of a number of range men who
cannot figure a stack of hay
which they buy from the farmer,
and I just have assurance enough
to think I can handle 1,000 sheep
on a ranch as well as such men
can run from 5,000 to 20,000 on
the range.
Like any other business, suc
cess conies to those who stick to
it and give it personal attention.
The range men had better take
the time they are spending light
ing forest reserve questions to
studying sheep on the ranch, and
not nass it by with a laugh and
wavo of the hand.
The blind can see that tho
range men arc being closed in on
all sides and it is only a question
of time until they are driven to
farm or are put out of business
Tho farmers, too, on nil tho
enormous new lands have a pro
blem to study. What are they
going to do with it" Stock is
their only salvation and sheep
take the least capital and givo
quickest and most profitable re
turns and is the only product
that cannot bo over done.
What Idaho needB is moro peo
ple making a good thing and not
a few making a big pile, and tho
rancher is satisfied with a square
deal and no favors, forest reserve
or otherwise.
I am not posing as an expert,
only a common city-bred farmer,
and my profits do not compare
with those of others that wcro
given at the farmers' institute
at Nampa. Still $3,000 and over
a year looks good to me from 1G0
If the Capital News or anyone
else wants exact figures and
facts, I will be glad to give them
or would talk this subject to any
gathering of farmers who are in
terested. Have an intense interest in it
myself and can see that tho more
that go into it the better for each
D. C.
R. F. D. No. 2, Nampa, Ida.
Casts Lightly Aside the Project fpr
Central Oregon, Sns Telegram.
The following is from the Tele
gram: Edward II. Harriman,
the prolific promisor of Pelican
Lodge, money king, railroad wiz
ard, captain of industry, etc.,
has experienced almost a com
plete change of front regarding
his alleged plans for tapping the
Central Oregon empire" His new
cry is "Wait a while; iu too
soon." Last August ho called
Governor Chamberlain, General
Manager O'Brien. Mr. Ilarri
man's right-hand man in the
Northwest, and Fred S. Stanley,
secretary and irenoral manager
of the Deschutes Irrigation and
Power Company, down to Pelican
Bay Lodge for a conference re
lative to his prospective invasion
of the vast and undeveloped re
gion east of the Cascades. At
that time tho "Little Wizard of
the Pacifies" informed the Gov
ernor and Mr. Stanley, at least,
that ho would have the nroniw d
extension under way before tho
clobe of the year. A few weeks
later Mr. Harriman came to
Portland, and at a reception giv
on him at tho Commercial Club,
ho roitorated tho same statement
in the hearing of half a dozen
prominont business mon, declar
ing that actual construction work
would bo under way not lator
than January 1.
In tho halo of these glowing
promises Portlnnd business men
forgot a lot of mean things Ihoy
had been thinking niid saying
about tho man who has milked
tho stale to succor starving roads
in other parts and to fatten ple
thoric purses in Wall street.
Thoy figured it out that those
promises, given under the cir
cumstances which they wore,
ought to assay about 99.9 per
cont of reliability. They bade
Mr. Harriman good-byo and wish
ed him luck.
Then they waited, and waited
some more. Tho end of tho year
came, and tho same thing hap
pened that has happoned a dozen
limed boforo. Nothing was done,
and not a syllable of public utter
ance has Mr. Harriman made on
tho subject since.
It is presumed that Mr. Harri
man is too busy building a throne
for the New York Central, which
will just about fit him (with
crown and scepter thrown in);
or it may be that he is planning
counter moves against Hill's in
vasion of tho Sou'h, or some new
stroke to tap the Flat Head River
Oregon-Idaho Development Congress
Considers Needs of Section
Effort Will
he Alndc to Make Convention in Hums n Particular
l:or The Great' Hiiriicy Country, The Resources of
Arc .lust UccoiuiHK KrunvnA Very Rich Country.
The Portland Journal Bays: In
i closing its fourth convention at
'Salem today, the Oregon-Idaho
Development Congress adopted
concise resolutions stating its de
mands and tho foundation upon
which tiro based those demands.
The resources of the territory to
to be tapped by a railroad through
central Oregon are great, but the
Valley in the valuable coal and . fact that the output of southern
timber belts ol tho Koolennys, j Idaho would pnss into or through
10 give poor, long-suiienng ure
gon oven a thought.
That Mr. Harriman has chang
ed front regarding Oregon's im
mediate chances of getting addi
tional Harriman railroad mileage
has come to light through an in
teresting story that is now going
the rounds in local railroad circles.
When General Manager J. P.
O'Brien went to Chicago and
uregon iy means ot such a rail
road was an additional feature
very little considered formerly.
Tho following figures present
ed in a resolution ndoptcd by the
congress, introduced by Riley
Atkinson, secretary of tho Boise,
Idnho, chamber of commerce,
portray this feature well:
"Whereas, the territory in
southern Idaho which would bo
New York in his private car just, tributary to a railroad from Boiiie
before the holidays, I' red Stanley I to Coos Bay has M.000,000 acres
accompanied him. While in tho of standing timber, l.frlO.OOG
East Stanley also had tho plea- sheep, cattle and swine, produc
sure or another talk with the es annually 20,000,000 iounds of
head of the Harriman system, wool, has 10,000 acres of orchard
and much to his surprise, he was half of it now bearing, and in
informed by Harriman that the 1903 shipped 1.H23 carloads of
Central Oregon proposition would fruit, producer
the preservation of our forests,
and the encouragement of all
legislation to accomplish these
Among those who spoke this
morning were Representntivo
Muncy of Coos county, William
Hanloy of Burns, Glen Ilolman
and Francis B. Clarke of Coos
Bay. All wore determined in
their plea for a central Oregon
The attendance at the morning
session was small, but the speak
ers lost none of their enthusiasm
on that account.
A full statement of the needs
of Oregon is to bo drawn up by
a special committee this after
noon, to be presented to tho leg
islature next week in the form
of a memorial from the Oregon
Idaho congress.
Concerning the accomplish
ments and aims of the Oregon
Idaho Development congress tho
fourth convention of whicn clos
ed lodny at Salem, the following
statement has been issued, which
is a retrospective view of what
have to wait a while, that tho
time was not yet ripe to build
into that arid waste of unproduc
tivity. Just when Pharaoh Harriman
has been done, with a look into
" v i,i... r..i . ..i.. i- ...!... .1
iC f74 tons of mime; uiHii iu wiiui uiu tun
:... I.., ftrxnn i..., r .,ir.,ir.. Kie-ss ex pec is io no. nn enori.
155,307 tons of clover and grain,
hay, 5,579,4'H bimhels of wheat, i
'tM2T),;tS3 bushels of oats, 5,002,-,
15 bushels of barley, 62,805
experienced this-"hardning of bushels of ryo, 28,074 buhl of
heart" toward the childrenof 'corn, 1,809,522 bushola of pota
Orcgon, who are crying to be "led j toes and 527,520 pounds of seed;
out of the wilderness, is not I and, whereas, the county tribu
known, but that he is personally I tary to Coos Bay, Or., has -100
opposed to go ahead with the
plans that ho announced a few
months ago is clear from the
talk he made to Mr. Stanley less
than three weeks ago, and it gives therefore,
additional color to the item print-' "Resolved, That we believe a
ed in The Telegram a couple of (railroad from Boise to Coos Bay
days since to the effect that would be a paying investment
square miles of coal, and 70,000,
000,000 cubic feet of standing
timber and is rich in creamery
and other magnificent products,
Julius Kruttschnitt, director of
maintenance and operation, had
found some reason, at least sat
isfactory to himself, why the
Harriman promises of last sum
mer ccMld not bo kept.
The hints that "unforseen ob
stacles" to the carrying out of
these intentions haw 'arisen to
cause delay cannot bo taken ser
iously, for Harriman is too much
of a genius of railroading to make
unqualified public announcements
on such important matters with
out knowing just about where ho
is going to "get off at." If ho
had had any serious- intention of
getting actual construction of a
road into Central Oregon under
way "boforo tho end of tho
year," he would have known it
when he called Mr. Stanley and
Governor Chamberlain to Pelican
Bay, and when he was shaking
hands with the business men and
citizens of Portland at the subse
quent reception hero. It would
not have taken him until the mid
Continued on page four.
and enjoy more than sufficient
traffic to make it a commercial
Tho following resolutions rela
tive to the mining industry and
conservation of natural resourc
es wero also adepted:
"Resolved, That for the pro
per development of tho mineral
output of the state, this congress
favors exempting corporations
formed for the purpose of mining
only, from tho payment of more
than a nominal fee for filing ar
ticles of incorporation; and that
wo favor the enactment of such
laws as will promote, dovolop and
encourage the mining industry
throughout Oregon.
"Resolved that this congress
approves tho efforts of Governor
Chamberlain of Oregon and Gov
ernor Goodi' of Idaho, in co
operation with the federal gov
ernment to conserve the natural
will be made to make the next
convention, to be held during
July at Burns, in eastern Oregon,
a moro particular boost for tho
grout Harney valloy, the resour
ces of which are just becoming
The Oregon and Idaho develop
ment congress in convention
assembled in Salem, wishes to
thank the Oregon legislature for
its prompt action in promoting
tho protection and improvement
of our waterways and harbors,
by extending the terms of the
bill for free locks and canal at
the falls of the Willamette, for
passing the general port com
mission act, under which each of
tho harbors on the west coast of
the state can organize a taxing
district to raise revenues and
issue bonds for its own improve
ment and within its own resour
ces. We favor tho further ex
tension of improvements of tho
Columbia river and would respect
fully petition this legislature to
make provision for extending the
state portage railway to the be
ginning of navigation at tho big
eddy, to the end that the inland
reached by the upper Columbia
may be given the fullest benefits
of water transportation.
We commend the splendid work
'done by the general port com
! mission nsked for by this con
' gross at its session held in Marsh
field in August, 1908, and ap
pointed by Governor Chamber
lain, which resulted in tho pas-
ion of congress in behalf of each
of these harbors. We especially
commend to our delegation in
congress to impress upon the
war department the duty of
assisting tho people of the Col
umbia river basin, tho Willamette
valley, and the ports of Portland,
Coos Bay and other ports which
nro taking tho initiative to secure
the opening and improvement of
their harbors and waterways.
Tho continued diversion of the
great sums of surplus earnings
taken from the producers of this
state in freights and passenger
fares to develop railroad proper
ties in other states where strong
er competition prevails makes it
necessary for tho people of this
state to resort to all the powers
vested in them under the consti
tution to secure railroad construc
tion, and we recommend that the
next session of this congress be
held at Boise, Idaho, before tho
adjournment of the legislature of
that state, and that a similar
commission be authorized to be
appointed by the governor of
that state to work in co-operation
with a citizens' commission in
Oregon that joint nction of the
two states be secured to bring
about railroad construction by
the aid heretofore outlined.
This congress again emphsizes
the supreme importance of plac
ing the whole political and exe
cutive and legislative power of
the two slates of Oregon and
Idaho back of the proposition to
secure the construction of main
lino of railway from Boise through
central Oregon to Coos Bay, by
use of the taxing power of the
people, by granting state rights
of way over public lands, or any
other lawful means of proceed
ure in issuing bonds or hypothe
cation of the prfperties benefited
nnd the communities and lands
to be enhanced in value. We
also favor the creating of dis
tricts needing other trunk or
branch lines for the same pur
pose, backed by the resources of
the people and the lands to be
benefited, to the end that their
credit shall become available to
secure needed transportation
facilities without awaiting the
pleasure of any railway magnate
or the exploitation of any finan
cial syndicate. We indorse the
principle that the people of these
commonwealths are far more
caimble of helping themselves
and will get far greater results
in development of their country
thnn by giving enormous subsi
dies which in the end must be
paid by the producers themselves
for still further financial exploitation.
A Common Cold.
... i . i i i '... sW ir Kill In. lino Infviuln-
resources, wo indorse me iignt "k i "iu "" f v'" "'
for tho utilization of our water turo by which the people can go
powers and streams for tho irri- forward and improve their har
gation and reclamation of our bora and inside navigable chan
lands for purposes of agriculture, nols without waiting for the act-
We claim that if catching cold
could be avoided some of tho
most dangerous and fatal dis
eases would never be heard of.
A cold often forms a culture bed
for germs of infectious diseases.
Consumption, pneumonia, diph
theria and scarlet fever, four of
the most dangerous and fatal
diseases, are of this class. The
culture bed formed by the cold
I favors the development of the
germs of these diseases, that
would not otherwise find lodge
ment. There is little danger,
however, of any of these diseas
es being contracted when a gocd
expectorant cough medicine like
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy is
used. It cleans out these cul
ture beds that favor the devel
opment of tho germs of theso
diseases. That is why this rem
edy has proved so universally
! successful in preventing pneu
iinonia. It not only cures your
I cold quickly, but minimizes the
.risk of contracting these danger
;ous diseases. For sale by all
good Dealers.
Colds contracted at this season
of the year are quickly "relieved
, ith Bees Laxative Cuiig'.i Syr
up. Its laxative quality rids th
system of tho cold. Pleasant to
take. Best for children for
coughs, colds, croup and whoop
ing cough. Sold by The Welcomo
Pharmacy, Burns, Ore., Fred
Laiiies Harney, Ore.
A - '
Brown's Satisfactory Store.
You certainly are interested
in the largest and most com
plete Stock of New Fall and
Winter Goods carried in the
We are showing everything
new, no exceptions and to buy
early at our place means a
better selection. Ladies cloaks
and waists Direct Importation
Burns, Oregon.
t:n:nit:::muntit:::::x:ut:tn:t:::nn:::nt:::!t:::::::::nuu.:v;:(Uttmmnut il
The Harney Valley Brewing Co.
Mnnufactuurfl of
Family Trade Solicited Free Delivery
THLSCH it DONEGAN, Proprietors.
Burns, - - Oregon.
Wines. Liquors and Cigars.
Billiard and Peel Tables.
Club Rooms in Connection..
... J L7
" 4 i D
Ovor 500
Sond (or
Prlco List i.
' ' Will be glad to furnish
To anyone desiring
See bis Handsome
Burns, Oregon
Afford the Best Accommodations
to be had in Harney County
The patronage of all guests under the old management
especially syltcited.
IE5ates per d.a,;sr, 1.25
Hinder on Elliott, Propt.
Ciiiiu'Ncnr Choking to Death.
A liltlo boy, son of Chris. D.
Potcrson, n well known resident
of llio villingo of Jacksonville,
Iowa, had a sudden and violent
attack of croup. Much thick
stringy phlegm cairn- up after
giving Clinmbci Iain's Cough Re
medy. "I think ho would have i
choked to 6 nlh hr.d o not giv-i
on hn the i:.V'V. I'or sale1
ly ;1! c ' vl tiem. i
Jol) printing The Times-Herald
UGononitiona of live, wido
uw.iko American Boys lmvo
obLiiuoil tho right kind of
by boing oquippcil with tho
unerring, timo-bonored
All ptimwin lltirtlwuru ami
flpoi tluj? (iuotli Men haiiU liumllo
HVIIVUNH. irjouruiinotolitulii.
uim of C'utulotf Trlco,
W. T. tester
I'miilllur Scene In Southeastern Central OrcKoii"llriiiHllng Cnlllc,
Ailnm (ivorffo
List your property with the Inland
Empire Realty Co.' if you desire a quick sale or trade
Employment Agency
l.ii. I I Ti. i i i
Ml J cwnti In atnmp for
lul'mrn llluatratcxICiitaloir,
lirnKMn witu
mul ui'iierul
ilroarm In
formation, BtrUliiui'ou'r
I', 0. B.1 089
Cklcopft Falli. Mam.