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About The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931 | View Entire Issue (June 26, 1908)
the bend bulletin
r "For tycry man a
less and no more."
square deal, no
Dot rMr.-.. . .... $i.y
bis motith.........., v
Three mouths............ ... '
MnnrUblr In lnincr.)
. I -IB"
FRIDAY, JUNK 26, tyo8.
t J- 1 H ; --
A SOLUTION OF THU PROULUM
The most promising move for the
development of Central On rou that
has been undertaken for main
inonths is the project to builil a mil
road into this section by local and
Portland capital The business in
tcrcsts of Crook county and of Port
land arc, tired of waiting for Harri
jnan or some other large system to
provide transportation) mid, work
ing on the basis that "God hclp
those who help themselves," thej
nave decided to wait no longer but
to-build the road themselves
The success of the undertaking
is assured. Behind it are practiculh
jflll the prominent business men ol
-this section, and the people willccr
tjinly fall in line and help as much
11s they arc able If Crook counts
gives a reasonable support Portland
will provide what is further needed
to finance thc.undertaking. Then
is uot the slightest doubt but tlut
Crook county will make good with
its share, Portland will do likewise,
and lh.road will be built.
The entire plau is a simple prop
osition. -As one of the chief pro-
imotcrssakl to The Bulletin: "There
is not a trace of high finance or
1 hutnbuggery in it. It is entire.)
simple and -open." It is proposed
'to take sotccriptions for the pre-
fcrred stoc5rm Crook county. These
subscriptions may be paid either in
timber for ties, bridges and culverts;
iu produce for the feeding of men
.and teams on construction; in labor.
or in cash. Under this plau there
are hundreds of men throughout
Central Oregon who should and
will be glad to take their teams and
work ou the building of the rail
road. The increase in the value of
their land that the railroad would
Insure would be ample pay for the
time and labor expended. But they
are not asked to donate anything.
Instead, they will be given the prc
Tcrred stock of the company bearing
7 per cent, interest. Crook county
-Should raise easily the equivalent of
"half a milliou dollars for this under
taking. The men who are behind this
work are not building the road to
make millions out of it in a stock
watering, high-finance manner.
Their object is to provide railroad
transportation for this immense in
land empire that is m rich in re
sources. The development that
will follow the coming of a railroad
will provide them with their profit.
They ask for; the assistance of the
people because it is needed.
WevfjtoMive in Central Oregon
"havd'tihbounded faith in its future.
yc asve laitu because we can see
its wonderful resources and the de
velopment that is certain to come.
That development will never come
uutil a railroad is built. The line
how undfr consideration will give
Centra Oreffon direct' comraunica
tjoh;VilthPort!aricl and will provide
if ready market fdf all the livestock
hW' surplus produce that this sec
H'can. produce. Hence, it be
hodt&s fcveryotfe wbo"has property
Or other interests in this section to
put his shoulder to the wheel and
help make the.rnilroad a success,
feet's show the world that Crook
county can build a railroad itself.
The time for action is at hand.
What are YOU going to do about it?
WJTTER SCHOOL FACILITIES. -
Bead people believe ia education.
Ad thev believe iu funiishinrr tb6
means whereby proper education'
I may be provided their children.
There has been n steady and rapid
advance in the efficiency of the
Hcud school from the time the dis
trict was formed to the present, and
the recent action of the school board
indicates that that record shall be
continued. The procuring of a
teacher of science and German and
the addition of the eleventh and
twelfth crudes to the school course,
places the Bend high school in the
tank of the best schools of the
Mate, and there it shall be kept.
Hond's corps of instructors ate ol
the best. This has been amply
proven by the fact
that on two dif-
ferent occasions two
of these in-
otructors have received the highest
averages of any teachers taking the
examination nt the county insti
tute, and also by the fact that the
examination papers of the eighth
grade of the Bend school, submitted
to the county superintendent this
-pring, excelled those submitted by
any other school.
An cmcient school system is a
strong feature iu drawing a desir
iblc class of citizens to n town
Bend is anxious for just that class
of people, and extends a hearty in
vitation for them to come to Bend
and give their children the advan
tages of our excellent school system.
Bids for finishing the northwest
room ou the ccond floor of the
Bend school house. Size of room
the sam- as the corresponding room
Mi first floor (about 30x34 feet) to
oc finished with 6 inch No 1
double beaded ceiling and 4 inch
No. 1 flooring with noise deadensrs
The room to be finished exactly as
the corresponding lower room
Bids to be in by Tuly to and work
to be finished by Sept. 1, 1908
For further information call ou
members of the board or the under
signed. The tight to reject any
and all bids is reserved.
L. D. WlKST,
Clerk School Dist. No. 12.
LADIES! You should have
your calling cards printed at The
Bulletin office. The latest styles.
ArronMid!s( a ikrtrh uul dMrrtrtCm mar
Btctir KfUin ciir inntxi tm -ib.lb.r au
T.r.i 1 t. Dfnaur Ylftthl, C mr antr-
l.itn.innlf rw.DJuilf-i. HINOlOOl mi I'aitnu
-.-itfrca. iJMm( Mtncr for cumu inif.
rq IDrna.il iyun m am ,1
Hhoal ct.r, ia !
A hndrmlf Ulo,trill wklr. f ! fir.
ruUUon if anr clnlldo VmrnaJ. T.rmt. II
nut fnor ruofilB, L boudui ntwuni
MUNN&Cot'.!B"'!' New York
,,, m. jt y g(, Whlrton. D.U
A Complete Stock of
Always carried in stock. I have
INCH COMMON HEAD BLOCKS
DIMENSION 0. G. BASEBOARDS
BUSTIC STAIR TKKADS
SHI-PI.AP WATER TABLE
T. &TG. FLOORING O. G. BATTINS
WJNDOW CASING MDULDINGS
, WINDOW JAMBS P2NCE PICKETS
LATHS FOR IRRIQAT1NQ SPOUTS
! SEE ME J5EfpR YOU
r CAN SAVE
J. S. WILLIAMS
AT Tllfe JIIiKKV
, Office with thvC4Ml
ij Problems That Confront The Irrigator. ;
The following paper on irriga
tion read recently at a farmers'
institute at Aberdeen, Idaho, wilt
be of particular Interest to every
man who irrigates, or ever has or
Irrigation menus the supplying
of water hi the right amount at
the rigMit time Water is the one
eleliicut necessary to plant life
which is under the control of man,
and the good irrigator can control
plant growth with as much cer
tainty, almost, as he can the shape
of his buildings. The man who
docs not understand something of
plant growth can never become a
Kf II 11,1, VII. Illltlt 1111131 k. ll-
plicd iu a scientific and rational
manner, because it is the lever
which controlls production. Mois
ture, air, heat and plant food arc
the elements which control plant
growth. Water is the vehicle
fTfmjl .inn,f t?n,a.. .!., Iu. fl..
which carries food to the plant.
Descending into the soil it dissolves
the chemical food elements, and
rising by capillary attraction, car
ries that food to the plant. Bear
iu mind that it is uot the water go
ing into the soil, but that coming
up thateeds the plant.
Plants should grow continuous
ly from the time the seed sprouts
until they mature. If they arc
supplied with moisture iu the right
quantity and iu the right way, they
will do so. If the soil is saturated
with water to such an extent as to
expel the air, the growth of the
plant is checked. This is one
teusou why irrigation by the cor
rugation method, or iu small
trenches, is preferable to flooding.
Bear in mind never to keep the soil
saturated Water in the soil forms
iu thin layers, around the soil par
ticles. If these particles are cubes
with inch surfaces, there would be
a film of water ou all sides of the
cubes. If this cube were pulver
ized, or changed to a powder, there
would be as many films a there
arc soil particles. Then a fine joil
will hold more moisture than a
coarse soil, because there are more
interstices to be filled. Ten per
cent of moisture in these interstices
and a balance of air is about the
1 bus cood cultivation, in having
the soil well pulverized, is au aid
to good irrigation.
1 he roots of a phut are always
larger than its top. That is, the
roots extend further into the ground
than its top above it. The roots
may run along near the surface or
may be made to penetrate deep into
the soil. If the soil is kept wet
when the plants begin to grow,
their roots will keep near the sur
face. But if moisture is withheld,
the plants will hunt for it, the sam'c
as an animal, and send their roots
deep after it. The deeper the roots
go the larger the feeding ground of
all sizes of the following:
the plant, and the thriftier
plant will 1)0.
Thus, by the application ol
water, the irrigator may benefit or
Injure plant growth. A plant with
roots near the surface will require
frequent irrigation. One deep
rooted requires, much less water
Thus by starting right the irrigator
may cither make or save himself
As, bctwicu the corrugating or
floodiug methods, we prefer the
former, for two reasons: A bcttc
and quicker distribution of water,
and less liability of checking plant
growth. In the corrugating or
lurrovv method, furrows three or
four inches deep, and two feet
apart, should be made iu the held
imnicdloi'cly after planting, before
the .seals sprout. These furrows
readily conduct the water, carrying
it across a field In much less time
than when flooding is resorted to,
and distributes the water more
easily. The rise of an inch or two
iua few Mjiiarc rods of ground is
scarcely noticeable. Yet water can
not be forced upon such ground
without impounding it by dams
nud making the low places too wet
while the high ones arc getting
moisture enough to make the plants
grow. Where a furrow four Inches
deep is made thtough such high
places the water flows without in
terruption, and soaks iu about 13
hours from one corrugation to
another, leaving the .surface gen
erally dry, and supplying the water
to the roots where tt i needed
1 he best results ate obtained, iu
ermaueiit ditches by placing soiiw
made by nailing lath together, lu
the sides of the ditches tu take the
water from the ditch to the corru
gations. One spout will supply
two corrugations. These souts
should he placed hi the side of the
ditch, about one inch or so In-low
the water level when the gates arc
closed. For instance, say the fall
is two feet to the lull mile, and
your ditch 1 8 inches deep If the
gate were put iu at the lower end
of the ditch it would back water up
only three-fourths along or across
the field. Hut Lvgm about aoo
yards from the upper end of the
ditch, and put iu a gate that can
oc raised ami lowered, not quite as
high as the banks of the ditch, so
that water will run over the head
gate or as many us arc required.
The greater the full the mote gates
required. When you want water
close the gates and raise the water
above the spouts. When through,
raise the gates, the wtter level falls,
and the water harmlessly passes
away. When ditches are construct
ed this way it is n pleasure to irri
gate and requires little time,
Iu preparing your ground for ir
rigation (for permanent fields) do
it right If no more than to acres
can be prepared in one year, do it
right, because it will pay iu the
long run. Have your laud level.
By level is meant free from knolls,
with a slojic. Water cannot be
made to run up hill. If the slope
is too great run the corrugations
around the slope iu steep places or
parallel with the ditches as near ns
may be necessary, instead of from
it. A fall of an inch to a rod
makes a good flood for corrugations.
If the field cauiiot be properly
laid out without the services of an
engineer it will be much cheaper to
get one man to try and get along
in a slipshod manner by attempting
to drive the water where , you want
it with a shovel. Irrigating is easy
where the ditches arc proiwrly laid
out. Where they arc not, it is
Unless the soil has. moisture suf
ficient to bring grain tip and keep
It tiri.r..fv .....it I i. !.. .1 :,,
. t.iiitui until u l3 in uu; IlUJKy
stage, irrigate before plaining. Ir
rigate again in the milky stage, and
with ordinary soil tliiu OimiM l
I . , ; . -,-"i---- w.....
isunicicnr. to mature tnc crop. When
wic sou nve or six jnches btlow the
surface will reuialu iu a ball when
squeezed in the liaud it' docs not
need water. If not, it is time to
Mr. S. Ii. Mowen, ol Wayne, W. Va.,
writci: "I waJn'iuiTt-frt. from .krii,.v
riiteasc, o thnt nt tliftt I corild Hot gel
out of bed, and whtAi'I did FeouM nut
Miami MraMit. ' toX 1'olcy's Kidney
Remedy. One dolW bottle anil part of
the ttcoud cured rue cntlrTy," .'i'oley'
Klduey Kerhedy works ;womJ?r wlicrc
others ore a total failure. C, W, Mer
, Organ Wanted.
For further naviculars Innuire at
IJend-Slianiko Livery & Slagc Company
J. II. WUNANDY, lrp.
W. P. Keliey, ARent, tilintilko
New Covered Stages between Ueiul and Shanlko
Livery nnil Feed Studies nt Shanlko, Minims nml lleiul.
Wo run our rigs to plonoq tho public.
Singes lenvo each wny evury day.
Rigs to nil pnrts of Central Oickom. Careful clrlvoro furnlsliud
Special Attention (Given to Express and baggage
A Cu'mplclc Stuck of
Rouxli, Surfaced mid Moulded
Ail Widths, Lengths and Thicknesses
T. &0, I'l.OORINO
Reasonable kai)KP ckii.ino . Lumber
WINDOW JAM IIS Delivered at
Prices WINDOW CASINO L f.l
Good HKAI) 1U.0CKS idvwhcrc oa
M , O. O. IIASIillOARD Aopncrc oa
Grades STAIR TRKADS T be I La nils of
)ry WATKR TAII1.K IM D.I. S I.
ti , O. 0. IIATTINS n ?''.0,r
0 MOULDINGS Ik C. b. I. Co.
. V. II. D. PATKNT UOOl'INO
CUSTOM FIJIH) MILL IN CONNHCTION.
I Development Company
1 BEND, -
SOLICITS Tint I'ATRONACK 01' TIIK PUUI.IC.
14 .! " MpmcAlndc Bread for Sale.
Also Pics, Cakes,-Cookies, Doughnuts and Every
thing in the Bakery Line.
Restaurant will give meals nt nil hours between 6 a. in. and to p. in.
SUNDAY DINNERS A SPECIALTY.
WHEN IN BEND STOP AT
Tahlo alwayt luppllod with (ho
Noat and Comfortable Koonisi
I llCrcbv Clvo tinttrvJH.nl ..
Wednesday afternoptr July m,
119081 I will sell ta tin; hUrht l,i,ii
tier for cash or for en'ili aHA u!i.
bankableinotea, ifly entire rirpfVcrty
located lu Sees. 6 nud 7tff , con.
plating of ctvHivatotl Irrluatcd farm
with buildings and farm muchlnery,
bay rind inlsccllancoa's personal
W. of A.
boil Hint (ho towi. kffordi.
prorty, nil iu Rood condition.
Hale will be conducted by C. L.
0 1st, ntletidnccr,' oil the prciuiricn.
viiincr iiirnisiicu nt new McAIIW'
tern ibr 3rt' n plate.
Gist postofllce if you
12-15 ltb. WiiiTit, OUt, Or. v
Cat bott paper for sale nt
BuUetlii office; Jc a sheet,