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About The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931 | View Entire Issue (June 7, 1907)
"Pop every man n Square deal, no
'essnntl no more."
UIAKMiS 1). KOWH UD1TOR
O-ie j-wr ......
x month. ...... .
'InmirtaMr In ilniiKf.)
FRIDAY, JUKE 7, 1907.
TUB KBD.MgM) WULI
Redmond is to, be congratulated
.ipon her good fortune in striking
tch a fine supply of clear, cold
.vatcr in the deep well there. It
yans much to the health and cont
ort of Redmond reidents and will
make life in that prosperous little
urg much more plcayaut. Water
'ij through an open ditch nnd
the tlurntomcter registering sev
ral degrees above t. soon reach
s a condition thai makes it a most
unpleasant beverage, to speak in
mild terms. And furthermore, an
1 pen ditch is bound to collect more
r less impure matter. This can
be largely remedied and the impur
ty eliminated by filtering and boil
ng, but nothing can compare
.iqtially with the wst'er.froru a deep
well. Redmond is indeed ito be
ongratulated on her good luck..
The finding of water not only
rupplies Redmond with purer and
better water, but it means much to
this entire section, of Central Ore
t jon-. Ieretoforc it has been a dc-
jatable question as to whether wat
er co.uldjjjq bund ty; deep drilling.
K Tlr t c3 be so fouvdjs now prac
ically assured. It means that, in the
,vearsto come, deep wells will be
Ipomtnon all over the segregation,
uraing a pure, cold and health
,iiI jVft?J5UPply. That means bet
ter andrggt?: contented homes, a
, jigber pi e for the land and im
, tyljjuj the duty on water becomes
resiaiid the total supply is needed
, ror irrigation in the grain fields and
.orchards, the thrifty farmer and
one wlio.takcs pleasure ruid comfort
in a green lawn and blossoming
flower beds, can procure an abun
dant supply of water for these con
veniences from bis deep well, ren
dering the farm home more pleasant
nnd habitable and thus aiding to rid
he desert of one of its great draw
backs its great aridity during the
heat of the summer.
, The desert in Crook county is
destined to be a thing of the past.
It is bound to be conquered, by the
water of the irrigating canals and
the deep wells. And of what great
.value to a country is the mere
knowledge that well water cin be
obtained whenever it is desired.
Powell Buttes Items.
'fii(li Mitchell 1km sold hU team to
1. . -rli-j". Tbc tetter arc to fiiii)i
. ileanuj( coulratit ajhfct ilr. MitctKll
i.dil on the Hogliart lml.
rtY-r Morrill mad-a trip to Bend
' ,tk and wbeu wt saw hint b was
mnu hit mustache. Ut be dou't took
1 1 t h boy any Wy. "
Th say it takes a rogue tar ketch a
JKue. ml)l)iedUaocounU fMr Omt resia
Inn, ." fit people like tur be seen a
l)i 1 1.. oue.
Mr J TRM)pk lii. .fcpl nearly 100
1m? . 11 . ukev ' by . ibnrita, Mrs. C. 11.
i'uriu-r has had luaKy taken by the
I r'ublrsnte- Wrl. 1tt tt o( us arc
' uxx.vfl'nevm atyt" t many ehicka
it t'.v.i.. to get.
Mrs. Vundevrrt has been a vlitor at
'.'. JJ. Turner's the last hw d.y.
, Daii't.t'.'iiik tliet the farm wu the last
bl.iJ' t' "o-dotc.r-iuJe, it wuz the
'u.t, tin- city wo eu cJ4Juj;ht.
How about yon Leghorn Lens? C II.
Viiis iuk a stuall (lock of llarrcd I'lj-
uouth Kcks that averse an cjjjj u day
'rotii each lieu except Sttgdays,, .
Wliy is it that a poor n'JUi :' -dwuys
:i you how to make money.
CHiT lillli hashUditchforlyall dec red
.iid vvdl iioh uork out until wulcr-U
luniUliAl to irrigate' with, ulilcli '
loped will be tliiiijTAr. t j
The rumor tt nt 10 11'ore irrigated ' lid
,. be - M fur less fian jtj.j ret acre'ls
v laki's ,,nc u' those wrto have lni M
eel J thv .a.---
ThiS ''Uf ti iou dou'i Inl-r f""')
core of the farm you can't Cfcpcct the
farm to Uk core of yout .
It Is rcporttd that wntcr was struck at
Keduioml. Tliat's no blow lo Crook
The first June wedding of the
season in IJeml wns that which unit
ed the lives of Mr. llert 1'owell and
Miss Hthel Hdvvard; and which was
sotetuniked at 3 o'clock last Wednes
day hftemoon in the parlor of the
Pilot lluttc Inn, Rev. Tavener of
ficiating. At the appointed time, while MUs
Dandle played the wedding march,
the young couple descended the
stairway and entered the jwrlor.
preceded by Rev. Tawucr. There
Rev. Ta-ener read the pretty uuil
impressive ceremony of the Meth
odist Hpisi-opal church. I turned.
i.itely following the ceremony Miss
Marion Wiest sang "0 Promise'
Me," which was followed by con
gratulations to the young couple
and the serving of light refresh
ments of lemouade and cake to the
assembled, friend?. The bride vre
a pretty gown of pink silk mull
Both the bride and bridegroom were
lrrichds had very tastily decorat
ed the parlor with choke cherry
blossoms, pansics, crccn foliage, etc.
The bride is the dattchtcr of Mr.
and Mrs. J. H. Kd wards, ranchers
living near Sisters, while the groom
is a popular young man in this vi
cinity and has a good position on
the Ilaldwin ranch. The young
couple left Wednesday evening for
the ranch where they will reside.
Silver Lake Is Prosperous.
The sound of saw and hammer is
daily beard in Silver Lake from
morning till night, there being
three new buildings under construc
tion at present, that of the addition
to the Chrisman hotel, S. A. Les
ter's store, and the Red Flag livery
and feed stable. Silver J,ake is
growing and .her business is in
creasing very perceptibly. Central
To Water Consumers.
The rates for irrigation Irom the
open ditches, per year, beginning
June 1, 1907, will, be as follows:
1 lot or part thereof $4.00
2 lots 7.00
3 lo'.i 9.00
and $2.06 for each lot in excess of
three. Ratca payable strictly in ad'
vance for the yer.
By notifying the company head
gates will be furnished and ditches
built to conduct water to your prop
erty wherever practicable.
On and after July 1 the use of
hose for lawn .sprinkling, street
sprinkling or irrigation-will be pro
hibited, except the consumer in
stalls a water meter of a pattern ap
proved by the water company. A
canvas will lie made to ascertain
the number doming to put in
meters; trifrMtnc wi'l lie purchased
by the company and furnished the
.-nnaumer at absolute cost.
By order of the board
Bkxij Watkk, Light & PowkrCo
Saloon License Notice.
IIKNI) Or., June 7. 1907.
To the Honorable Mavor and Common
Cocneil of the City of Jttiid,
(ienliemeir Tlie uuurrsigned, Severt
Ik-bin, herrby applies for a license
(rout the City v. B;tid to sell spirillum,
vinous and malt llo'.ors and li-rinriitwi
cider iu tilt huildhiK sjltbj'ed 011 lot 9 of
Mock 10 of the Cilr of iK'ml for a iwnod
01 iree mount iron u.e 10111 i
.. .- .. 1
from '.tie loth dsy of
lune. win. Ilestwctiullv
Will you celebrate in Hcisu'
Ant '-co (tailing a (V'jIh i rH dtieripdnn roar
qaiekif aacrUI'i our Ml l"f ire "
ltT;itlnu I, probstlr rHutl,U. Cuniinunlra.
UMuairictirainnatutiai. HflliUUUUl i
tetu tree. innti tmtner.
imi.miU taken tLfnuab Alun'J a va. recalra
tjtrUinotkl. wlUiiqtciiarac, lujtia
Atiarnlaonielrll )Ut4 wtaklf iflrMtclr.
culalluu or nr k ci ifl Journal. 'it"(,IJ
rear 1 touf lutmlUt, tu BoW lijall iaJilA
Problems that Confront The Irrigator.
Some Hints About Furrows
IRRIGATION VKOM SMAI.I, t'l'RKOWS
Thin system of applying water is
especially adapted toconiiMet, clay-
ev soils. Such Soils me apt to bake
when wet, and the only way iu
which this may bo ti vet ted is to
apply the water in such ti way that
the surface is not wet In laying
out a system l small furrows the
fi)d is brought to a comparatively
uniform slope, and after the crop is
scederi'small furrows 2 to . iuchc
deep ate rtln in the direction of the
slope at iutervuU of so 10.15 inches.
These small furrows are supplied
from n head ditch across one border
of the Held. Water is admitted to
each furrow thrntiKh n small sjwut,
usually made of hull. 1 heso sikiuis
extend through the ditch bank and
allow small streams to cuter the
heads of the furrows, n number of
streams being kept running nt the
same time. From oue irrigating
stream of 2 cubic feet per second,
perhaps 30 to 40 furrows will be
supplied From the small furrows
the water soaks away on cither side
until the strips of soil between arc
sufficiently wet. In this w.iy water
is supplied to the roots of the crop
without the surface becoming satu
rated, and all danger of baking is
This method is of value also- in
handling a smalt stream of watti"1
on land in. which water spreads well.
A small stream of water may be set
and left without further attention
until the space between furrows be
comes thoroughly soaked. When
the uirrows in a field become set
little attention is required to obtain
the proper distribution orthc water,
The distance between furrows de-
pends on the ease with which the
water saturates the soil.. Thii -will
be found to vary quite widK",
rapidity or percolation also gives a
key to the best length of lurrows.
With furrows of too great a length
the soil next to the head ditch will
become too wet before the soil at
the lower end has received sufficient
water.. In general .terms furrows
should be hot lotigVr than 15 or 20
The advantages of this method
arc; The surface soil is not so ant
to bake; a small head of water may
be economically handled; there is
less loss of water by evaporation
than with flooding. The disadvan
tages are: The difficulty of main
taining an equal flow in all furrows;
where the soil is not uniform in tex
ture an even distribution is hard to
securc;thc upper end of the field is
likely to receive more water than it
requires; the furrows interfere with
cutting and Hauling the crop.
A modification of the small-lur-row
method has been used in irri
gating grain in Utah. The plant
ed area is gone over with what is
called a "marker," which-consists
usually of an 8-inch log, 8 or 10
feet long, to which is attached a
tongue and doubletrees. Wooden
blades or teeth 2 to 3 inchss wide
and 12 to 1 0 inches long are insert
ed in the log atld the whole forms a
comb-like implement which makes
the furrows 2 to 3 inches deep,
The usual spacing of the teeth 111
the lo? is 19 to s, incites.
Many mark the field alter sowing,
rwhile others tvait until the grain is
up. At intervals of 2 to 3 rods
writer is turned from the laterals on
to the the fields and directed into
the small channels made by the
markor However, the water is
not confined to the furrows, but is
allowed lo- overflow them. The
furrows ser e ouly as guides to car
ry the water to nil parts of the field
thus insuring an evc,u distribution.
Where the small furrows are made
across the slope they aid in distrib
uting the water transversely nnd n
larger stream may be lnl:cnw.if out
the main lateral. Where the marks
ruti'7ith the slope more attention
I is required, to pteveut them washing
into large channels and Dt coming
collectors rather than distributers of
the water. . In-some instances the
marker is run in such a direction
as to place-.the channels 011 a slight
grade This method gives perhaps
the best ir.shlls. Mitring the first
irrigation cloie attctrj'oii ihttst be
given to the distribution, niid-earth
must be put here and there 111 'ihe
small cholines to 111 ike lire M-'t
ii.nfrfnrrtr.nfla rirri.lv. V.i ' lti I
the,fi"4d-l-ijfx!gae-j the sin nil chau
ne'h'be oi vmprc fixedynnd toward
the end of th; season but lUtlf nt-
leutioii is required to thoroughly
irrigate the tt net.
The main distributing laterals iu
the field should be. placed 10 to 20
rods ftMit, depending upon the
slope of the laud ntid the nature of
the soil, and may be given grades
of one-half inch to an inch cr rod
ltach lateral should carry 2 to cu
bic feet o- water per second, as one
man can usually lumdlcthis volume
with ease after getting the stream
A lfjw Pointers on Alfalfa (Irowlng.
Kxcess ol water. -An excess of
wntcr iu the soil is very unfavorable
condition for alfalfa. Where the
water level k near the surface, or
where the surface water from heavy
rains is unable to drain oft' rrpldly,
alfalfa usually fails. For this reas
on an alfalfa field is injured by
being submerged from an overflow
or even killed if the water icmains
over the surface for too long n je
riod. Kx-K-ricncc has shown that
when covered by clear running wat
er the injury is much less than
wlteu n scdiiUcut is deposited or the
water is stagnant. Ordinarily al
falfa will not withstand nu overflow
of more than n few days. Flooding
iu the winter is less injurious than
during the growing season. On
irrigated fields injury often follows
from the accumulation of water in
depressions after n flooding. The
alfalfa is killed out iu these spots
and noxious weeds gain a foothold.
t.'ATL'RU or St'llSOII..
It is generally stated that alfalfa
requires a irarous subsoil, but this
statement must be modified. If the
subsoil is near the surface and is of
(such a nature ns to prevent the en
trance of alfalfa roots, alfalfa will
probably fail: but many of the so-
called impervious subsoils allow the
roots to penetrate. The effect of
the subsoil seems to depend
it effects drainage and the texture
and fertility of the surface soil.
The reports of succcsfu! alfalfa
fields upon subsoils of gumbo, hard-
pan, and stiff clay arc too numerous
to disregard. Near Syracuse, N.
V., there is an alfalfa field growing
upon a rocky hill where the coating
of soil is only 2 to 4 inches iu deptlu
l lie success under such apparently
adverse conditions is due to the fact
that the roots are able to penetrate!
the numerous vertical cracks in the
N'KHD OK HKRTII.ITV.
An important condition and one
which is likely to be lacking iu
many of the worn-out eastern soils
is fertility. It is very essential
that the soil be in the condition us
ually described as fertile. This re
fers not only to the presence of the
required mineral elements but to
humus and to a favorable texture.
It is not worth while attempting to
grow alfalfa uponsterile soil, Such
soil should be enriched by the barn
yard manure or other fertilizer or
by the plowing under ol leguminous
crops. Compact, cold, or wet soil
is unfavorable to the grouth of al
falfa, and such soil should be
drained and thoroughly aerated by
cultivation to reduce it to the proper
texture. Sandy soil is usually not
well adapted to alfalfa, partly be
cause it may be sterile, lacking in
humus, or too loose iu texture. If
u stand is once obtained the crop
may not suffer from lack of moist
tire, as there is usually a water sup
ply below the surface. In the
Southern states sandy soil is so fav
orable to the growth of crab grass
and other weeds that alfalfa is soon
choked out- In general, it is well to
prepare sandy soil by incorporating
humus and fertilizing and by suit
able culture to free from weeds.
'Dude" I'rdtt Droy-'ned. .
F.d Pratt, known hcrens "Uilde,"
a 7T vaquero, was drowned last
Satuiday in the Warner valley
swamp. While crottiug the Stone
bridge his horse slipped and fell in
to the water carrying Dude with
him, and before he could be res
cued he -tva-r-dund: Although sev
eral otlix' vaiueros accompanied
him they could-not get him nut iu
time lo save mVlife.. Pratt was
well known JtwH'lver Iinke. linvlnc
ridden for he ''-X otiifiHiite for a
long timeCentral OregoniSn.
fj .-. t-r-t-Y "
Crnnk CnillliV PftJlHV C(i
" v f' VV3
Kcal Esldle ouglii acJ SoW.
,, Llfo end Accident ,
CriVlCI! IN KULLl: ti'ji.uiro
Remember This One Thing
When in need of neat, clean,
plain and up-lo.-date commer
cial printing, thai .
The Bulletin Job Office
Prints just that kind no other.
It will please us to have an op
portunity to show you what we
can do. You will be pleased,
When You'Read a Newsjrapef
Why not read a newsy newspatwr otic that
gives all the news? The llullctiii has that repu
tation. And furthermore, it Intends, to live up to iu
It not only reports the news faithfully oaeli
week, but it also has ati irrigation department iu
which much information Is given of value (o the
man who Irrigates. If you study these articles
it may save you many dollars on u ycar'ri crop,
Can You Afford lo Be
"rHE PEND BULLETIN
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Each numbc. is beautifully illu.tralctl nftil contain nine full-page
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