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About The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931 | View Entire Issue (April 15, 1904)
The Bend Bulletin
KuUrttl MkkIi 16, iy-J, nt DtKhutft, Oregon,
VUlll.IMIIil) HVKRV FRIDAY
Pr ytr ... ... It.oo
(Invntlnbly In lutrmicc.)
APRIL 15, 1904
Good morrow; have you registered?
Telephones and electric lights are
next in order for Bend.
Already mail is arriving for the
Commercial Club of Bend. Here
is a hint that it may be well to net
Gold and limestone are two pretty
important commodities for this
country nnd it is to be hoped the
Cline buttcs prospects will turn out
Copies of the proposed Local
Option Liquor law and the proposed
Direct Primary Nominating Elec
tions law, to be voted upon at the
coming election in June, may be
obtained by all interested at The
Special Agent Newhauscn scuds
word that he will be in Bend about
ten days in the fore part of May for
the purpose of "expediting all
bona fide timber and stouc cases in
which patent may issue without
detriment to the government."
The new Bend postoffice, though
not yet fully equipped and formally
opened, is doing a flourishing busi
ness. Pending the arrivalof money
order supplies it does ft large busi
ness in registered mail. Postmas
ter Grant today received official
notice froin Washington that Bend
would be made a money order post
office on or about July 1.
those laws in spirit nnd in truth1
And how much finer for the scrip
pers nnd tho.se who thrive from free
me of government domain I It is no
wonder there is large contempt for
the land laws when the agencies
for their enforcement look upon the
law as the offender nnd its violator
as a commendable citizen.
ARID SOILS AKU RICIIliST.
With the nomination ofBinger
Hermann in the first district and of
J. N. Williamson in the second the
congressional campaign in Oregon
is given definite shape on the re
publican side. It goes without say
ing that both will be elected, as they
ought to be. There is only a pas
sive interest in knowing who are
the candidates that go through the
forms of opposing them, for the
opposition will have no more show
than a snowball in hades.
The Bells of Princville arc pretty
well represented in politics this
year. The patriarchal father, pres
ent county treasurer, is again a
democratic nominee for that office.
He wanted the sou, who trains
with the hated republicans, to stay
out of politics this year but the in
corrigible youth accepted the re
publican nomination for county
judge. Now the old man insists
that they make the canvass togeth
er, for he says he can tell lots more
about the youngster than anybody
It is not probable that there will
be any more land fraud prosecu
tions in Oregon for some time.
The remarkable report of the recent
federal grand jury in Portland, tak
ing upon itself the large responsibil
ity of recommending repeal of our
land laws, shows how a grand jury
views those matters. Instead of
dealing with violators of law it
practically recommends that the
laws be changed so the acts com
plained ot will not be violations.
Such shuffling as this has done
much to bring the land laws into
contempt. The laws arc plain
enough. But those who would
be hampered by their enforcement
set out deliberately and with malice
prepense to override and circum
vent them and the grand jury
says it is the fault of the laws.
How much better, forsooth, it
would be to repeal the laws by
which humble citizens get land than
to look after the enforcement of
The fight between E. II. Harri
man and J. J. Hill for control of
the transcontinental railroad situa
tion might have been foreseen. It
is the logical successor of the con
solidation movement that resulted
in putting these two men in position
to govern transcontinental trans
portation. Now they arc not con
tent to share power and responsi
bilityeach wants it all. The gov
ernment, however, is taking a hnnd
ami may impose some regulation
for the public interest. Before
President Roosevelt the plan seem
ed to 1h plain that railroad con
solidation would proceed until it
should become sufficiently concent
rated anil powerful enough to force
the government to buy all at an
enormous valuation. This admin
istration sees its duty to lie in the
direction of regulating these great
movements of industrial forces and
keeping them within the law. This
may interfere somewhat with the
plans of the voracious crew that re
gards the gentle public ns its oyster,
but the public can stand that kind
THE DEMOCRATS -"ICtCHl.
County Officers Nominated and Hearst
Last Saturday the democrats of
Crook county in convention at
Princville nominated the following
For county judge M. R. Biggs.
For county commissioner E. G.
Shcriff-rC. Sam Smith.
County Clerk J. J. Smith.
Treasurer M. H. Bell.
Assessor John Lafollett.
Surveyor W. R. McPnrland.
Superintendent W. L. Dinwid
Delegates to state and congress,
ional conventions T. W. Triplett,
V. C. Congleton, G. B. Springer,
W. F. Hammer.
The committee or resolutions in
sisted on endorsing the candidacy
of W. R. Hearst for president, over
the protest of Mr. Triplett, who
was a member of the committee,
and the convention adopted the
T. W. Triplett was made the
precinct ccmmittccmau for Bend.
He and Postmaster Staats, of Des
chutes, were the delegates from
this precinct and Mr. Staats was a
candidate for nomination forcounty
Caster Services Well Attended.
About 100 people attended the
Easter services in Grant's hall last
Sunday evening, probably the larg
est indoor congregation ever assem
bled in Bend. The Rev. Z. W.
Commcrford preached an appro
piate sermon, there was special
music by the choir and a number
of children of the Sunday School
sang Easter songs. The children
who participated in the programme
were Veda and John Dorrancc,
Nellie and Bessie Barnes, Fred
and Ralph Lucas, Nora Caldwell,
Bessie Donkel and Pauline and
Mr. Commerford preached at the
regular morning service.
There will be a song service at
the hall next Sunday evening.
E. F. Battin, who visited Bend
last summer, arrived last night
from St. Paul, Minn., and will
probably locate here. Mrs. Battin
is on her way west. They will
occupy the second of the Pilot Butte
cottages, now uearing completion,
Food Not l.enclicil Out
Soils are formed primarily by the
physical and chemical dislntegatlon
(weatheiing) of rocks, and these
processes continue in the soil inusti.
They result in the formation of a
certain proportion of wntcr-soUble
compounds, chiefly of sodium and
potassium, also of calcium ami
magnesium. Wherever abundant
ruins occur more or less regularly
throui'ltout the year, thvsa water-
soluble compounds are leached out
of the laud, passing into the t sub
drainage, and thence through
springs, streams and rivers into the
sen. But whetc the rainfall is
scanty, this leaching can take place
only tnirtiully or not at all; and we
frequently find, during the rainless
season, the salts of potassium, so
dium and magnesium appearing as
superficial "bloom" or elllorescouce
on the land surface, being brought
up by the evaporation of the
soil moisture sometimes in such
amounts as to prevent the growth
of ordinary vegetation, and itcnuit
ting only that of "saline" plants.
For, with the useful, nutrient sub
stances, of course also the useless
or injurious onus, such as common
and Glauber's salt, and sal-soda,
are left in the land. These "alka
li" lands form the extreme contrast
to the intensely leached, usually
"red" lands of the tropics, known
as latent. .', which are c.stier.tn-
ly poor in plant-food ingredients.
All arid soils are calcareous (with
a few local exceptions arising from
the absence of calcium from the
parent rock); that is, they contain
a sufficient supply of lime (carbon
ate) to realize all the advantages
known to belong to such soils, and
which in the humid region it is
sought to bring about by the costly
process of liming or marling. On
the average, the lime-percentage of
the arid soils of the United States
exceeds that of the lauds of the
humid region (where not specially
supplied by underlying limestone
formations) from twelvefold to four
All soils of the arid regions con
tain large amounts cf potash in
forms readily available to plants,
aside from the actually water-solu
ble salts of potnsh always present 1
in the "alkali" salts, sometimes to
the extent of over twenty per cent,
of the latter. Thus the need of
fertilization with potash is, under
ordinary cropping, almost indefinite
Nitrates, the formation and leach-ing-out
of which arc a source of
continuous and heavy losses of soil
fertility in the regions of summer
rains, accumulate in the soils of the
arid regions, so as sometimes to
form over forty per cent, of the
soluble salts in tiic soil, aim as
much as 1,200 pounds per acre.
Even ammonia salts arc sometimes
present in notable amounts. Hum
us, the repository of the nitrogen
supply of soils, is usually present
only in small amounts in arid soils,
but is on the average three times
as rich in nitrogen as that existing
in humid soils.
Phosphoric acid, the fourth of
the plant-food ingredients usually
supplied in fertilizers, is not more
abundant in arid than in humid
soils, not being subject to leaching-
out. But in alkali lauds we fre
quently find water-soluble phos
phates, ready for root-absorption,
circulating in the soil in notable
quantities. Professor Hilgard in
N. A. Review.
TIIKULKlll I'UOM HI3ND TO SIIAINIKO IN U1NU WAY
SCII E DULI3
I.cavv' Shaniko 6 p. in.
Arrve Princville 6 a. in.'
Leave Princville .
Arrive Bend 6' 30 p.
At live Sluuiiko. .
6:,lo a. m,
1 3:00 I,,.
1 - tu.
1 . 111.
FIRST Cl-ASS ACCOMMODATIONS FOR TRAVI2UN0 I'UIIUC
PASSI-NOER AND I'UI.IUHT RATES REASONADLI!
mmtummm'mmmmammwmmiimmimmm p mtm" n
Z. F. MOODY
ft Forwarding: Merchant
LARGE AND COMMODIOUS WAREHOUSE
Prompt attention paid to those who favor me with their jHittoimj-e
We carry oidy the
finest hues of
TO IIHOI' INTO TIIK
SHAW ft HROSTHRMOUS, I'fcipa.
BEND. OR HOOK
PILOT BUTTE INN
A. C. LUCAS, Proprietor
Tables supplied with all the ilrlimi-ics of the season
First-class Equipment Fine Rooms and Wc4t
Only I.I very Burn on the Deschutes, run In connection
with the hotel. All stages stop nt the hotel door
MEAT, VEGETABLES, GRAIN1
Full Stock of the BEST constantly 011 hand nt lowest living prjj
THE CITY MARKET
K. II. IMUtWKU.. l'rlt
A grand ball and basket social
will be given at Grant's hall Satur
day night under the auspices and
for the benefit of the Modern
Woodmen of America. Baskets
will be sold at auction and the lady
whose basket brings the highest
price will herself get a prize.
BLACKSAUTHING AND HORSESHOEING
All kinds of wagon work done in first-class shape.
nonce jous a specialty.
oiTosmt KCiinoMinvftic iiitNl).
0 It KG I
SANFORD'S CASH STORE
CAKKIH8 A lilt) 1,1 .N l OP
Qenernl Merchandise, Groceries, Clothing, Furnishing Gf
CAM. ON DIM i-kjciw KIGJIT
PRINEVILLE-SiLVER LAKE STAGE LIKE
DICK VANDIiVRRT, Proprietor.
CARRYING U. S. Mill, AND PASSENGERS.
Leaves Princville Mondays. Wedm.s,Uv.. .! i.,t.i.. Frefl
' ' ' v "V".,!
and Passengers waybilled for Bend, Lava, Roslaud and Silv1
Good Rigs, careful drivers.
C I, WINNER, Agent.