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About Hillsboro independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 189?-1932 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 7, 1906)
MESSAGE IN BRIEF,!
H develop fresh usefulness
constant visional government ha Wft the Personnel of Vv
..i.l ...nm.nl anil ill O U ll ... T
ic o.u '" j - ;,, T
effort l 10 iv l govern.. . - mitht h,, ..ncr.red. ;1 will ilu
, ihe moat r"ccn V " " .(.rough minister the toland lor a lew montn, ,
K-iuiion of farmer rai her than lo or turougii . tie restored. new lrcii.,
individual farmer.. It ' ', Ar. , ro,.rV held, and a new goyerrmrnt inauBu-
ordinat. it work wnn in '"-" . .. rated. Peace baa con in the island: an.l u
harvesting of the sugsr cana crop, the B,rJt
cri"1 of the i.lami. la annul 10 proceeu
Important Points of President's
Communication to Congress
The main point brought out by the presl
dent In bii annual meaaage to congreaa, deliv
ered December I. follow:
I aiiain recommend a law prohibiting all
corporations from contributing to the campaign
.xJrnia of any Piy. fuc bill Um ai
".TaMed on. house of congre... Ut in
dividual coutribuw aa iney uc. , ...
S oh.b!. in ertecuve fa.h.on all corporai.o...
from making contribution tor any
uuipoae. directly or indirectly.
'"ViL. i.. 1 1 ihi.h haa i u. I iasrd one houae
of emigre, and which it ia urgently necessary
Ihonld be enacted into law i. that conferring
,l government the right of appeal in
on nutation of law. Una right
...... ... n,,r,v of the .rate; it exist, in the
i.:-..,. ..lumhia by act of the congre..
Ji i. of coure not propoacd that in any case
. ... ,.ii. ..r th defendant on the menu
...lr A failure to pa it
result in seriously hamixring the government
' in it effort to obtain juatice, ei-ecially against
wealthy inilivuluai or cornoiano... .....
wrong, and may also prevent the government
from obtaining jusucc ....
arc not Ihemaclvcs able effectively to content
caae where the judgment of an inferior court
In connection with thia matter I would like
to call attention to ine very uii.au.........
late of our criminal law, resulting in Urge
part from the naint ot aeiung .uc -si.
nirnt. of inferior courta on technicaliliea BO'
,..,. .,,,n. .-fnl with the merit of the
cae, and where there ia no attempt to show
that there haa been any tailure ot suoaianuai
justice. . ,
i. i Imi message I suggested the enact
ment of a law in connection with the iuance
of injunctiona, attention having been sharply
drawn to tne maucr ny mc wuwuu
right of applying injunctiona in labor caaea
ahoulil be wnoiiy anonsncu. n "
doubtful whether a law abolishing altogether
the use of the injunction in uch caaea would
und the tet of the court; in which cniie
,...r thr WisUtiiin would be ineffective.
Moreover, 1 believe it would be wrong alto
gether to prohibit the ue ot injunctiona. iui
ao far aa possible the ahue of the power
ahould be provided againat djt aomc sum iw
a I advocated lat year.
r ,il,nrn arrow bv what it feed upon;
and when mob begin to lynch for rape they
speedily extend the aphere of their operations
and Ivnch for many other kind of crime,
o that two-third nf the lynching are not
for rai at all; while a consiueraiue propor
tion of the individual lynched are innocent of
all crime. In my judgment, the crime of rape
should alwaya be punished with death, aa in
the caae with murder; assault with intent to
commit rape ahould he made a capital crime,
at leaat in the discretion of the court; and pro
viiion ahould be made by which the punish
ment may follow immediately upon tne neeia
of the offense; while the trial hould be ao
conducted that the victim need not be wan
tonly hamed while giving testimony, and that
the leaat poaaible publicity ahall be given to the
I call your attention to the need of pauing
the bill limiting the number of hour of em-
filoyment of railroad employe. The measure
a a very moderate one and I can conceive of
no .eriotn objection to it. Indeed, ao far aa
it ia in our power, it ahould be our aim
steadily to reduce the number of houra of
labor, with aa a goal the general introduc
tion of an eight-hour day.
The horror incident to the employment of
young children in factorie. or at work any
where are a blot on our civilization. It ia
true that each atate mint ultimately aettle the
question in ita own way; but a thorough of
ficial invesigation of the matter, with the re
ult published broadcast, would greatly help
toward arousing the public conscience and ae
mWiv of t-t action in the matter.
Among the excellent law which the con
greaa passed at the lat .easion waa an em
ployers' liability law. It wa a marked atep
in advance to get the recognition of em
ployer' liability on the Matute book; but
the law aid not go far enough. In pite nf
Mil rremiitlon tM.etvii hv emnlover there
art unavoidable accidenta and even death
involved in nearly every line of business con
nected with the mechanic arta. If the entire
trade risk i placed upon the emp'oyer he will
promptly and properly add it to the legitimate
cot of production and ases it proportion
ately upon the coninmer of hi commodity.
It i therefore clear to my mind that the law
ahould place this entire "risk of a trade" upon
the employer. Neither the federal law nor. a
far a. I am Informed, the atate law dealing
with the question of employer' liability are
uffirientlv thoroughgoing. The federal law
ahould of course include employe in navy
yarda, arsenal and the like.
It ia not wise that the nation ahould
alienate it remaining coat land. I have tem
porarily withdrawn from settlement all the
land wh'ch the geological urvey ha indi
cated as containing, or in all probability con
taining coal. The question, however, can be
properly wttled only by leeislation, which in
my judgment ahould provide for the with
drawal of these lands from aale or from
etry, save in certain especial circumstances.
The ownership would then remain in the
United Statea. which should not, however,
attempt to work thm. but permit them to be
worked hr private individuals under a royalty
system, the government keeping .uch control
a. to permit it to aee tint no excessive price
was charged consumer. It would, of course.
V- as necessary to aonervise the rate, charged
by the common carrier to transport the pro
duct a the rate, charged by those who mine
it; and the supervision must extend to the
eonHuet of the common carriera, ao that thry
ahall in no way favor one competitor at the
expense of another. The withdrawal of these
en-l lands o"M enrtstip'te a policy annlotious
tn thst which has been followed in withdraw
Ing the forest lamia from ordinary settle
ment. The coal, like the forests, should be
treated aa the property of the public, and its
disposnl should be under conditions which
would inure to the benefit of the public aa a
The passage nf the railway rate bill, and
only to a les degree the passage of the pure
food hill, and the nrnvision for increasing and
rendering more effective the nationnl control
over the beef pat kinr industry, mark an im
portant advance in the proier direction. In
my judpment it will in the end be advisable
In connection with the parking house inspec
tion law to provide for nuttine a date on the
label and for charging the coat of inspection
to the packers.
The question of taxation is difficult In any
eonntry, hot it i especially difficult in nur
with its Federal system of government. S-.mr
taxes shou'd on every yronnd he levied in a
amall district for use In that district. Thus
the taxation nf real estate is prrnliirly one
for the immediate Wality in hirh the real
estate ia found. R.it there are many kinds .f
taxea which can only be levied by the general
government so aa to' produce the het results
Waue, among other reasons, the attempt to
Impose them in one n-rticular atate ton often
res-Its merely in driving the corporation or
individual aff-rted to some other locality or
other .tate. The national eovernment has 'long
derived its chief revenue from a t-riff o jm.
ports and from an Internal or excise ta, in
addition to these there is every reason why
nen pext nur system of taxation is revised'
the national government shold in-no,, er.j
Bated nheritanee tax, and, if poi,,, , " a(j
U''d Income tax.
The indo.trial and aericultural classes m,t
work together, capitalist, ,nil ,Keo,Wer.
muat work toother, if the best work of Trn
the country ., c-,r,W, j, lo s, dor ,J'r
probaM, ,h,t a thoroughly efficient system of
education come, next to the inflence ,f
,l .T- i" b:r'" """t national success of
this k.nd Our federal form of government
an fruitful of advantage to nur people " '"..
U.n wvr. m other w,y, nndeaihtedly lirrdt,
nur national effectiveness It is no. L. I 1"
.or instance or the rational .overnment to
to1" h',h,,7',,hi: rducaU0
.uMm-ruta of the aevrral .late, anu
it. own work i educational, to co-oro. "
with " woik of other educational authorilie.
re.t pn'g.e.. ha. already. been made among
farmer, by lh creation ol farmer, u.
of dairy association, o. u.- - - -7T- Th
horiicultural asaociatione and the I"-- "
department can and will co-o.-r. . - -
such ..scK-iatiuns. and it must have their help
if it. own work la to be done in the moat
'"vi'uc'h Vnow being don. for th. atate. of
.h. W.-k. mountain, and the great, plain.
through the development of th. "''""' -'
of irrigation and forest preservation ; no gov
r nment policy for the betterment ol our . -ternal
conditions ha. been more fruitful of
a.Kid than thi. The foret of the White
nunlntair. and Southern Apoa'achian region.
hou d also be prcerveo ; ami j
. ' i... .i.. .woole of Ihe stat:- in which they
lie through their representative, in the con
. w,,,r... -iion by the national
jiirN) ajHTvuia, .-p.--
t V V sy yjr ajrsy sy y ay ay sysy ay ay ay ay sy sy xy srwwvsrwVTWsrsrsrs,
Proposed Oregon Tax Law
I am well aware of how difficult It I to
Th. I'nited Mate wiahr nothing of Cu,.
except that it shall prosiwr morally and m
eriallv. and wihr nothing of the Cubans
that they ahall be aoie iu preserve ,,
a.n.mg themaelvea and therefore u preserve
their indejwndence. If the electiona heiome a
farce, ami It the insurrectionary nalnt
come confirmed in the ilnd. it i ahw
lutely out of the question mat the i-,Un,l
should continue independent; and the I'nit,-J
State, which haa assumed th i.ri-.rln(,
fore the civiliaed world for Cuba' career aa a
nation, would again u imrirrrr ana t
are that the government wa managed in si,h
orderly fashion a to secure the safely of In,
In many jiart. of South America there h,
been much misunderstanding of the attitu,r
and pi" "oe. of the I'nited State toward il
other Ar1 rican republics. An idea had he.
come pn -'ent that our aertion of thr
Nfonroe doctrine Implied or carried with it
an gaaumplion of uperiority and of a riulu
to exercise ome kind of protectorate ,,ver
the countriea to whoe territory that dia'tri-ie
applie Nothing could be farther from t,t
truth. Yet that lmpreion continueil to ,
serious barrier to good ununrsianuilig. t
friendly intercourse, to ine introduction nf
American canital and the extension of Anvrri
ran trade. The imprsion was o widesprra.l
that apparently It could not be reached by any
ordinary meana. ....
It was part ot -secretary now a mission p,
rlisnel this unfounded impression, and thrtr
i. just cause to believe mat be na urreeilrc
I have just returned from a trip to I'anama
and shall report to you ai icngin later
he whole suhiect of the Panama canal.
The destruction of the Prihilnf islamli f.ir
seal, by pelagic sealing atiP enntir-'es. The
regulation have nroved plainly inadequate to
accomplish the object ot protection an, presrr
viion of the fur aea's, and for a lone time
thia government haa been trying in vain tn
secure from f'irest llritain auch revision an. I
modification ol the reguianona aa were con
templ.ated and provided for by the award of
the Tribunal of I'ari.
The process of destruction ha been arret
erated during recent year, by the appearance
of a number of Japanese vessels engaged ir
oel.--irir aea'inir. Aa these vessels have n,.
heen bound even by the inaiteouate limitations
nrescribed by the Tribunal p' Paris, they have
paid no attention eitner to ine close season or
to the sixty-mile limit imposed upon the t ana
rlians. and have prosecuted their work un in
he very island, themselves.
We have not relaxed 0"r efforts to secure an
agreement with Great Hritain for adcqnue
nroecton of the seal herd, and negotiations
with Japan for the game purpoae are
In ease -e are compelled to abandon the
hone of making arrangement with other gov
rrnments' lo nut an end to tb hideous crorltv
now incinni io neiag.c wau.iif u win ne
nuestion for your acriou consideration how
far we should continue to protect ami main
tain the seal herd on land with the result of
continuing uch a practice, and whether it
is not h-fter tn end he practice by extermi
nating tb herd" ourselvea in the most humane
The I'nited State, navy I. the aairest nar
antor of neare which thi country possesses.
It Is earneatlv to be wished that we would
profit by the teachings of history. In this mat
ter. A .trong and wise people will study ita
own failure no les than it triumphs, for
there is wisdom to he learned from Ihe slu.lv
nf hold, ot the mistake as wen aa ot the sue
1 do not ask that we ronrniie to increase
our navy. I ask merely that it be maintained
at it present strength; and this can he done
nrly if we replace Ihe obaolrte and otitMorn
ship by new and good ones, the equals of
any afloat in any navy. To atop building shins
for one year meana that for that year the
navy a-riea hack instead of forward. The old
battleship Texaa, for instance, would now be
of little service In a stand tip right with a
powerful adversary. The old nimble-turret
monitor have outworn their nsefulneas. while
wa. a waate of money to build the modern
utile turret monitor. All these ships should
ie replaced by others; and thi can be done
by a well settted program of providing for the
hoildtng each year of at least one hrit-clasa
battleship equal in size and speed tn any that
any nation la at tne aante time builduii.
(Continued from laat week)
that the nuhlie .h :
country develop. .11.. '. "V'. 0 '"
trial ieier,.,'- 'a-"'' T'cnnical, in,l,,
h V"'" to the several' s,,,,."
f hoy, and rl, are trained merel. Z l:!'..
dustnal. manual and techn cal tra ninJ T the
nnfmed ,0 do well if .heyl'into ? "tv":
lilua L.i. .""'"t eneineer ng (rat Tk.
"oiled meehanie. the abill.J l 1 n'
become auch ky ZZZ eVu"
r" h -nd -o- if can improve ,,. UVu.T
.r.M fsirisaf trnriniiai mciiuiin - ---
mL7w: .id'dm.h.mld be relegated .0
the authority of the n: tioal congress. At pres
ent the wide differences in the law. of the
different stale, on this "object result : In Kan-.1..1-
.hoses: and ure(v there is nothing
,0 vitally eetitial to the welfare of the nalion
., ' .l . I... I, (he nation should SC
noinina moono - ...
bend itself to throw every wfeguard. a the
home life of the average citiien. Ihe change
would be good from every eianupoun. ... 1
ticular it woul.l be giwd because It would con
I tk ......irresa in. nuwrr ai
,i,.l r..li.-allv and efficiently with polygamy
. .1... .U....I.I m Hone whether or not mar-
.n.t divorce are dealt with. It i neither
safe nor proper to leave the question of polvg-
1.- .i-ai. .th hv the several atate..
I'oier to deal with it ahould be conferred on
the national government.
...nin e. I fhe attention nf the
in mc imiv. . .
enngrrs to two aubiecta concerning which I
have frequently before cominutucated with
th.-m tire is the question of developing
im.r,v.n .h nn ni. 1 trust tnat a law raroij
i 1. ...h.tain tie views, or a maior part
of the viewa, expressed in the report on this
subject laid before the nouse ai its iai jw-.-......
...:i( 1- ,1 I am well aware that in
t .... nt,;.cii.,nnhlf measures have been
OlOliri ynim . . . ....... g
proposed in reierence 10 111c niiHi..".
American ahipping: but it seem, to me that the
nronoHed mrasure I. a ncany unuojciiunuun.
aa any can be.
I esicially call your attention to tne rc-
ond .ubiect, the condition ot our currency
I,-. Tk. nmional hank act ha. ably aerved
a great purpose in aiding the enormous hnsi
nca. development of the connlry. and within
fen vear. there ha. been an Increase in circu-1..!..-
.... e.oii. from .4 1 to I'M. OH, I-or
several year evidence ha. been accumulating
that additional legislation I. neeneci. ine re
currence nf each crop Kun emphaaiie. the
defect, of the prent law.
1 A.. press any esnecial plan, various
Inn, have recently been proposed by expert
committees of banker.
I most earnestly hope that the bill to Pro
vide a lower tariff for or else absolute tree
trade in Philippine product, will become a
law No harm will come to any American
...,t,..,rv nH while there will be some .mall
hut real material benefit to thr Filipino., the
main benefit will come by the showing made as
to our purpose to do all In our power for their
welfare. So far our action in the Philippine
has been abundantly justified, not mainly and
indeed not primarily because of Ihe added
lignity it ha given u a a nalion ny nrnving
that we are capable honorably and emcicntly
to bear the international burden which a
minhtv neonle should hear, but even more
because of the Immense benefit that haa come
to the people of the Philippine Island.
American citiiensnip annum ne conierreo, on
. eitir.n, of Porto Kico. The harbor of
San loan In Porto Kico should be dredged
and Improved. The expense of the federal
eourt of Porto Kico should be met Irom tne
rderal treasury. The administration ot tne
ffairs of Porto Kico. together with tho,e of
e Philippine, Hawaii and our other insular
possessions, should all lie directed tinner one
-xecutive department; by preference, the de
partment nf state or the department of war.
The needs of Hawaii are peculiar; every
aid should be given Ihe islands: and our efforts
should be unceasing to develop them along
ihe line nf a community of mall freeholders,
... ,f - nl.nlrri with enolie-t i lied eslntes.
Situated aa thia territory is, in the middle of
the I'aeific, there are dutie. imposed upon thi.
amall community which do not fall in like de
gree or manner upon any other American com
munity. Thia warrant our treating it dif
ferently from the way in which we treat ter
ritories contiguous to or aurrounded by aister
territories or other state, and justifies the
setting aside nf a portion of our revenue, to
he expended for educational and internal im
Alaska', need, have been partlh'ly met. but
there must he a complete reorganiaation of the
governmental avstem, as I have before indi
cated to you. I ask your especial attention to
this. Our fellow citixen. who dwell on the
shore of Puget sound with characteristic
energy are arranging lo hnM In Seattle the
Alaska Yukon Pacific expoaition. It pecial
aim include the upbuilding of Alaska and the
development of American commerce on the Pa
cific ocean. Thi exposition, in It purpoe
and scope, should appeal not only to the peo
ple nf the Pacific loie, but to Ihe people of the
I'nited State at large. Alaska aince it wa
houxht ha yielded to the government $11.0o.
nnn of revenue, and has produced nearly
$:ino,niin,nnn in gold, fur and fish. When
properly developed it will become in large de.
gree a land of home. The countrie border
ing the Pacific ocean have a population more
numerous than that of all the countrie of
Kurope; their annual foreign commerce
amounts to over $:t.onn.nnn,nnn, of which Ihe
share of the United State is ome I7ni).nnn,.
non. If thi trade were thoroughly under
stood and pushed by our manufacturer and
producer, the industries not only of the Pa
cific slope, but of all our country, and partic
ularly of our cotton-growing .fate, would be
greatly benefited. Of course, in order to gel
theae henefita, we must treat fairly the Coun
tries with which we trade.
Ksnecially do we need to remember our
duty to the atranger within nur gate. It i
the sure mark nf a low civilization, a low
morality, to ahuae or discriminate against or
in any way humiliate uch atranger who ha
come here lawfully and who ia conducting
himself properly. To remember this i incum
bent on every American citizen, and it is of
course peculiarly incumbent on every govern
ment official, whether of Ihe nation or of the
I am prompted to say thi by the attitude
of hostility here and there assumed toward
the Japanese in thia country. Thi hostility
:s sporadic and i limited to a very few place.
Nevertheless, it i, most discreditable to us
a people, and it may be fraught with the
gravest consequence to Ihe nation. To no
ther country haa there been such an increas
ing number of visitor from Ihi land a to
lapan. In return, Tapanese have come here
in great numbers. They are welcome, socially
and intellectually, in all our college and in
stitutions of higher learning, in all our pro
fessional and ocial hoiiies. The overwhelm
ing mass nf our people cherish a lively regard
and respect for the people of Japan, and in
almost every quarter of the union the stranger
from Japan i treated aa he deservea; that ia,
he is treated a Ihe stranger from any part
of civilized Kurope ia and deserve to be
're.-te.l. Hut here and there a most unworthy
feeling haa manifested itself toward the Jap
anesethe feeling that has been shown in
shutting them out from the common school
n San r'rancisco, and in muttering, against
them in one or two other place., becauae of
their efficiency aa workers. To shot them out
from ihe public school is a wicked absurdity,
' hen there are no first-cla,, college in the
land, including the universities and college,
nf California, which do not gladly welcome
Japanese student, and on which lapanese stu
dents do not reflect credit. I ask fair treat
ment for the Japanese as I would ask fair
treatment for Germans or F.nglishment, French.
men. kussians, or Italian. I ask it a. due to
humanity and civilization. I ask it a, due to
ourselve. because w must act uprightly toward
Last August an Insurrection broke out In
("ha whirh it eedily grew evident that the
existing Cuban government wa nowerles tn
uiell. Thi government w repeatedly asked
,1V the then Cuban government to intervene,
""d finally was notified by the president nf
1 uha that he intended to resign; that none of
the other constiftional officer would con
nt tn carry on the government, and that he
as powerlrss to maintain order. It was evi
dent th.e rh.. ... i.u..i: tv...l. .
the preparednes of our navy T wa able lm- j June 30, KM18. Thin in lpfsfl tlmn Wgg
prevrn, ',k- . r rn"u" "'! . to - una 10 . apnroprlattM lur the fiwal roar of 11X17
prevent the situation from becoming hone les. I 11 i'"1 ""' ,
ccordance with Ihe so-called Piatt
not to lm tin id.)
Sit-t ion 16. The owni-r or liolilt-r of
utix'g. iii any incorporated conipanv
which it) taxed on its eupital t(tM'k ahull
not ho taxed an an individual for tmrh
(Hctljii'd personal property taxed to
Section 17. When pi-wnal property
(Undivided entate of dec'euned pergoim
I low eed.
Motion 10. That wK-tion 3045 of the
f i . and Statute, of Oregon, eom
Lded nd annotated by Hon. Charle. B.
tallin nd William W. Cotton, be
ad the' I'X mended to
reau .. . , , ... ..... . ...... .i.........i w ni..rt,r-i,....l nr i.l... ir ul.,.11 f .
The UWllVUieil rtiaie Ul mi unramj e---e f."S-v r..a.i, ....
,n iiiav be aHHCBBed to the heiri or the purpone of taxation, be deemed the
18 heroof, an,, lt fiaUthM
each ur tox;l,;e alii, ,,,, ,vJtJ
"'clun.,,,1 I-nit.,1 Man-, land. , '
hi" county as jaT,.,a pr,,,,,.rtv J
(1'IatH or Hurvey- and towns . p,.
-.crUp Un,k or lit Taxpay.
tioii L'O. That afi,,n loci .....
(- .and.Natutcfor,-,n cumpiW
me-r and Willian, W. u wJ
foUoH""' V a'm''"JJ tor,'iJ,,
The a-Hsenor of ea. h fount, ,h,U
lliillu u . .1 . . .1 ... ' """
" l'"" "i me K'erniiu'iit i
I'et"" . . I....:.. I i.e. ...r ,.l ..unI..n I... I...- .1.1
deviser ol u( 11 l " wll""' u -"'B i-"i'"v - ami 01 all tow ,, p!atH witl ; l-
, ng them by name, until they have P-es,..n. , UI1(1 Utm
.eisi-n notice to the UHHeHHor of the divl- (-etlons IV l and 17 are respectively see- ,-nt ownernhin N,k or li.t .1! P
Kiven now . ,.f t'ona :17, Akji and aoisS, B. ik t. Lump., wilhuut , "'I' or lint, the owner
Hion of the eftate, and the names ol tlie ,,,,,,., " of each tract of land, and of each ,,
seVeral heir- or J-viHeeg ; tnd each heir (Qf lot ; and in conn,,,., ,1(.re
.... nlmll Iim liulilu for the
,BlUvO"ev -'- , ,1 . . .
whole of iiu'tt lax, anu iiian nave 1
.;.,i,t to recover of the other heirs and
devinceg their respective portioim there
of when pail by nun
(AgHeHHinentr), How Made).
Section 18. That section 3057 of the
...Hi . .
Man ui'Kcrine the land in the mil in
.or onier 01 It l,aati.)D upon the
Coiles and Statutes of Oregon, ronmil..,! 1 .1... . . " "'V a. in-
... 1 .... . . ii 7 1 . . u,i mr earn year,
mi Biuioiaicsi oy lion, manes U. liel
linncr ft.id William W. Cotton, as the
HixiBevelt wants Ueney to invent't'
the Harriman lines.
President Uoonevelt's Kjx'clal nmwajfp
on I'orto Kico and Panama will he wnt
to coiiKrerts Iiecceniber 11.
A flood at PiHlxe, Ariz., destroyed
the principal btiMinefg part of the town
and report) say from seven to lifty er
Hons were drowned.
Secretary Taft will recommend that
conpreHH appropriate $150,UU0to be ex
pended in projierly placing mines and
torpedoes in (iolden (iate.
Acting Chief of Staff Parry lays the
army needs more transports. In cane
of an emergency the bundling of troopg
as at present would be Inerlicient.
Chairman Knnpp, of the Interstate
Commerce commission, says lt is un
able to force the railroads to supply
sufficient cars to relieve the shortage.
The greatest fhxxl in the history of
Panama his stopped all work on the
canal. The railntad has lxen washed
out in several places and much suffer
ing will follow among the natives.
The United States Circuit, court at
Cincinnati has thrown out of court a
suit brought by the Continentael Wall,
pajier company tx'cause the concern is
an illegal organization, being a trust.
Collier's Weekly accuses Senator
Fulton of endorsing Hall's reappoint
ment as United States district attorney
for Oregon and quotes a letter from
Mitchell and Fulton, which the latter',
brother is claimed to have tried to buy.
Fulton denhles the charge.
The Spanish cabinet has resigned.
London papers say It is a mistake to
believe Japan wants to fight the United
Indiana has started suit against the
Pig Four railroad for failure to supply
necessary freight cars.
The Pritish government is looking
for a suitable man to send to the
United States as ambassador.
It Is estimated that in vatrlous parts
of the Kusslan empire 20.lHm.fXs) npn.
pie are In need of foot!, owing to the
failure of crops.
... I,, rtrpv Uioii found in pMlnn V5 for an
Mllll'l" --- . .... a I . . .
eminent to occupant ol an iimiiviucu ettain 01 same was recnuctcxl tiy section 1 of an
rr;r;:!'i i.r 2, isui.and
UrnallnH l'"'m l'i "lm'- ur'l eiioiiKU ami lounn on page 4 et PC 1 Hit u r of the (ien-
ilner calculated to brlna; th. la to their no- i r . ... ... - it.
tlcJ l ihi" n a-osmciit to a mere occupant.) eral Iv,s of Oregon, Sxcial Schhioii,
, ivrnonal propertv Where assessed.) 1!03 f'"1 t',e "ai"0 i'treby is amend-
1 HiTtionll. That section 3048 of e.l to rea.l as follows:
tie C.xlcs and Statutes of Oregon, com- 1,16 "sessor after qualifying shall,
niled and annotated by Hon. Charles P. on tlie tlrMt Monday in March in each
Pellinger an.l William W. Cotton, be, y'r, pr.x'iire from the county clerk a
and the same hereby ia, amended to
read " follows:
Every person, except as otherwise
provided by law, shall be assessed in
. -. i .
blank assesHinent roll, and forthwith
pnxeed and assess all taxablo projx'rty
within his county, except such as Ly
law is to lie otherwise assessed, and
in.. . ..
the county in which lie resides when J"a" ur" 10 ",u,' ",- t l,rk' 0,1 or
it... .ijuiMitiiii.n(' Iki tt utile for all tuvut.la It-fore the first Monday in Octolier next
property owneil bv him, including all n,g, such assessment roll with a
oeisonal estate in bis possession, or f"d complete assessment of -such
..n.l.,e Ii a control n trustee, ciuir.l inn. l""F" eiuereu inereon, in-
exeeutor, or administrator; and where ,llllll"eT a full and precise description of
there are two or more persons jointly the lands and lots owne.1 by each person
in possession, or having control of any therein named, on March 1 of said
such property in trust, the same may ';a.r' at the hour of 1 o'clock a. in.,
i.- oy-..M,l lo either or all of micli nr. hu h description shall correspond with
sons, but it. shall be assessed in the the Pla,i Vr plat ' town IuiJ 0,lt
rv.nntv where the same shall lie if eith. ur mi n1 Ba'n r lown
J --- - -
H liH'II Htm Fa at
public riH'ord suhjiN t to uenpral ir.
tioii; and in such imh-x shall been
tcrcd tlie name of every taxpayer
against whom any tax shall' le diard I
in the county, in aljilmlietical order
with reference to the first three letters
of the surname of such taxpayer u
have surnames, and of thA timt
of any others, and shall refer to the
pages and lines of tlie roll where the
assessment of such taxpayer may It
(Proviiles for present ownership boo nr Hit,
or ele assesriir'a rioiniar awiifrsliii. on t.lat u
at iireseiil. Taxpaver.' IimIi-i kei.t when tht
roll I. seiwrai.ini ally arranue.! shall rrler w
pane an.l line ol roll, tli olj law seem in. I
i.rovhie merely ..r a li.t of laipajers, Hindi a
but iialf aaiuilex.)
er of such persons reside in such coun
(Substitute "except as otherwise provided
by law" for "rm-ent aa prnvliloil in tlie sue-
eeeiling section,' In order to harmonua the
lection with the other change .uggcaleU.)
(Fartners How assessed.)
Section 12. That section 3048 of the
Codes and Statutes of Oregon, compil
ed and annotated by Hon. Charles P.
Bellinger and W llliam W. Cotton, be
lots shall he valued at their true cash
value, taking into consideration the im
provements on the land and in the sur
rounding country, the quality of the
soil, its convenience to transportation
lines, public roads, and other local ad
vantages of a similar or different kind.
True cash value of all propel ty shall lie
held and taken to mean the amount
such property would sell for at a volun
tary sale made in the or.linnrv rnnrtia
j .1... l i. :.. l .i . ' . . . J "
ami mc rmi.it, m-.i-.7 . u.ciiucu w of business, taking into consideration
read as follows: jtg earning power. No deduction of in-
Partners in mercantile or other busi- dehtedness from assessments or taxa-
ness may be jointly taxed in their part- tion lmli lje allowed in anv case. All
nership name, or severally taxed for
their individual shares, for all preson
aly property employed in such busi
ness; and in case they are jointly tax
ed, either or any of such partners shall
be liable for the whole, tax
iThi nhl section useil the wonl "such" where I u l,,,,, iinauimmt uhul )m nin.l,. f,,r
raill"- ari".r . eoare-riur lllieiiurii. i , . . , .,,, i -,,,., .
The ameiMlini'in mae eunor or any or Ine I n " js-in... i""i 'j i-r....-,.
narnien" Jo'nliy laaeu lor in. personal Iro(M-r-1 (, jj,,, u jtjin sucli county, out if the
I ... ...... Ii.IiIm rue IliM m fx.lri l,v. M-.il(.h I - ....
. v em I'" .-' r ----- . I .. ... ... anv lutwl lu iiMtniin'n a......
land shall lie taxed in tlie county in
which the same shall lie; and, except
as otherwise provided by law, every
person shall be assessed in the county
where he resides at the hour of 1
o'clock a. m. on March 1 of tlie year
iV. evlili iil intent of theolJ section.)
(Personal property of corporations
here assessed. )
Feet ion 13. That section 3049 of the
and an not at
land may be assessed to "unknown
owner, or "unknown owners," witn-
out inserting the name of any owner;
Imt. no hh HnMinent shall be invalidated
Statutes of Oreogn, compiled a mintnlic in the name of the owner
ited by Hon. Charles B. Pel- thA r.,a ri,nnrtv assessed, or bv the
linger and William W. Cotton, be and oniiHin t f ihe name of the owner, or
the sumo hereby is amended to read as tne entry of a n:.ine other than that of
follows: the true o.iner, if the protierty lie cor-
The personal property of every r"- nt-tlv described: and provided further,
vate corporation is liable to taxation in ti ut Hi1(.ro tlie name of the true owner,
the same manner as the personal prop- or ti,e ownpr 0 record, of any parcel of
rety of a natural person, and shall be Tv& property shall 1 given, such as
assasscd in the name of such corpora- ap!JH,m.nt shall not lie held invaild on
tion in the county where the principal a(j.oUnt of any error or irregularity in
place of business of such corporation is tl0 description, provided such descrip-
lorated, unless otherwise specially pro- tj,m wouid bo sullicient in a deed of
vided by law; but if such corjioration c,,nVeyance from the owner; or on ac-
ig enugged in the ousiness oi na ik- count of any description upon which,
tion, then tne sieamooats or omer jn a cntract to convey, a court ot
water craft of such corporation snail ne Uunitv would decree a conveyance to be
i .i.:.. ...
assessed in tne couniy in mm n'"'" made.
where the home port or lierin oi sui n (xhe amcnilmcnt rfcommendeit maVc It the
steamlsiat or other water craft may lie. assessor', duty to as.es. pnnH-rty for which
- . I HOmf l.lllfr l r'rs mi in in ii"t i' J iw
The personal projierty of a private cor- j,,,,,.),!,.,!; makes the limit of the return of the
porst ion may he se..ed and so.u or any r'
tax levied ujMiii ine jpioi.eiiy v. , law provides for tlie Kivinir ot nonce mat
the boarn oi e.iuaiirniioii wot meet ine isni
Monday In August. There la no other nrovt
Ion for the time of the merlins: of the board
B. A C. romp., section maul, re-enacted special
session r.sis.) Section Jufi7, almve amended,
pcrmltteil an extension oi nine mr nnnn ine
roll if necessary until the first Monday In Octo
ber. In practice the roll la seldom or never
ready for eoiiallrailon by the first Monday in
September, and the time I usually extended,
ami ttie lioaril meeis worn ine roil ia nieii. inn
the old law provmen lor ine ooarn meetinit imi
corporation as in the case of a natural
Thelertlnn amended contain, certain pro
ylsions which were repealed by Implication by
(ienersl l-"' livM 's-l"". lS I'-f,1'. J
e nrovisioi,. have laen omitted III the
.mend netit recommended. Adds "unless oth
Ir.i.e .pe.'lallv provided by law" to the rule
.t personal property of private corpora lona
, to lie assessed in the county where the prill
eiDal t.lace of business ot the corporation la lo-
h.ril la thus thrown Into Question
The provision for Klvlnn notice of the meet.
Ins the last Monday In August Is a relic of Ihe
first code, in this state, and was originally in
tended tn provide that the assessor and auditor
r.ird' this amendment i necessary In barmnn- fre the assessor w as required to file the roll,
with other provision of tha act recom- all, at no other time. The Jurisdiction ot the
(Lands Where taxed.)
cation 14. All lands shall be taxed
In Ihe county in which the Bailie Shall .hould meet at the courthouse to correct pure
In vl'c louiu y ... " ly elerlcal errors, etc., one week before the
i ' . i, . .... ...n . i i ...
J,7 A'dlstlnctioii Is made In the use of Ilia
-i. "laird" and "assessed" a the act of tax
r,'n mav Im- performed in lliecouiity. although
'.""..ncnt might properly be m.de-a. t.y
"eern'ral board -dn inother county i for In-
' H.... I I.A ..ll tha l....r.l ...
I COUI11V ci.u.i ei.uwii...--. .no uin ui.ki ...
n r fVimn.. .ectlon euiialization not then lieing known. Since
II en llie sein-inc w,:.. . i.imi.i. , uaiiH,-..
and the nrovlslotis are now, ow ing to eorelesa
eilttlng in anicnuinenia, vuiuraiiiciory anil un
Tlie amendment recommended nmlts the pnv
vision lor the extension of the time ol rill tig the
assessment roll, but gives the assessor Ihe same
.M.rel.andise. capital and machinery limit as under the present law he could i giv-
( 31 1 rt li.t . ii . ics. I en by the county court, (unite definition, of
W here laxauic-; real property ami inu. wnu-n nave oeeii ue-
nneil in secnon a oi inn. m. .unus niv n
that all land must lie assessed 'distltigulshieia
ssessed from taxed : see seel Ion U of Ihis aetl
in the county w here loealed; nmlts provisions
as to assessment of unoccupied land aa such,
iiermittlug the assessment ol land aa to tin-
gection 15. All goods, wares end
merchant kept for sale in this state,
all stuck employed in any of the me
r.i.rta ami all canital and nia-
Ctninu . l.raneh of known owner, when the owner Is unknown, re-
chim-ry c"1l,,")',1 ln urantn oi o( ,.,. ,,.n,.y. i-rovidea for consider-
n,Bnufactures or other business within Biion of earning power ln determining value.)
tlds state, owned by a corporation in or ( ppri,()IIBj projierty How valued.)
out of tate' 0T hy sny .rprH,n' Section 19. That section 3u58 of the
i...il,er residing in or out of this state, r .n,i statutes of Oregon, comtdled
A new treaty will be sent to the taxable in the county or city .
nnntatMl l.v Hon. 'lmrli'll II. IW1
ate defining the title of the Isle of or other municipal corporation where ljn(pr an,j William W. Cotton, I and
l ines, ami wiiica wouiu accord Ameri- the w'e my elu uw.i--.o ane nerej,y jg amended to read as
can settlers more protection.
The dreiiled San Jtwe scale has Iieen
thereof or to the person or corporation foUow:
who shs" ,,ave c,iar8e ' or in f
dlsiMvere.1 in several orchards In e8ion of the same,
Kast. It si thought the Insects have ( When company is taxed owner of stock
seen currieu on nursery stis'lt Irom tlie
All personal property not exempt
from taxation shall lie valued at its
true value in cash, as defined in section
(Stock or other personalty of nonresi
dents.) Sivtion 21. That section 3002 of thi
Codes and Statutes of Oregon, compiled
ami annotated ny lion, t liurles 15. Bel
linger and William W. Cotton, lewd
the same herehy is amended to rvadai
Whenever any live stock orotler
personal property of non-residenti in
this state shall be pointed out to tlie
assessor by any resident househoIJe; of
his county it shall be tlie duty ef the
assessor to assess the same it ill cadi '
value; and such stock or otter pertowu
protierty shall be held liable lur tt
pavment of the taxes thereon in the
same manner as the pptfoml property
of resident citizens ia held liable.
(So change except to nt word "lira nock"
Instead of "stock" tn .dear up th. present am
biguity aa to what kind ol stuck it mesut-llH
(Assessment roll and appraisement ol
Section 22. That section 3069 ol the
Codes and Statutes of Oregon, compiled
and annotated by Hon. Charles B. Bel
linger and William W. Cotton, I and
the same herehy is amended to read at
At tlie time prescribed by law tin
assessor in each county shall ascerUin
y ilifirent inquiry the mime of '
persons liable to taxation in liia r.
who by law are assessable to btx ud
also all the taxable personal prir-t,
and all taxable real estate then 1
which by law is assessable by hira.ti
make out an assessment roll of all tm
projierty, and appraise the same u
cording to the provisions of the statute!
(Only change Is to nroylde that the amcMM
assesses property w hich by law Is assessable bt
him, thus permitting the leitislalure to plk
the duty to asscn certain dc. uf prowrri)
(Owner or mnnnging agent to fuminh
list of protierty Penalty for and
priK'eedings after refusal.)
Section 23. That section 3070 of tin
Codes and Statutes of Oregon, compiled
and annotated by Hon. Charles 11. llel-
linirer and William W. Cotton, tie and
the same hereby is amended to read ai
Kverv assessor shull reimire &ny per
son liable to lie taxed in his county and
to be assessed by him, and the iiianag-
ina aeent or ollicer of any corponttion
or association liable to lie taxed in hii
county and to lie assessed by him, to
furnish such assessor a list oi an me
real estate of su h tsTson, corporation,
or association situate in his county lia
ble to taxation, and a list of all the
jMrsonul property of such person, cor
poration, or assis'iat ion liable to taxa
tion in this state, ami clin.ll reuire
such person, managing agent, or ollicvr
to make oath that, to the licst of hi"
knowledge and belief, such list contains
a full und true account of all iu or m.
rov.tiertv liable to l taxed in "n
county; and if any person chall rvfus
to furnish such list, or to swear w .
satno when required so to do hy to v
sessor, such jHTson shall forfeit and pay
to the assessor, for the use of the coun
ty, the sum of -)0, which sum mny M
1 . . hut'
recovered by motion in any "" "-
imr iurisdict ion of matters of debt or
contrail to the amount of oU- !l"""'1
any such js-rson, nmrmging agent, or
oflicer, when so ri-.,..ir."l, n 'fn- to furn
ish and to swear to sticti u J
or rhall ascertain the taxable w-i
of such person, corH-mtK.n, or ass.
tion, and shall appraise the same Irom
the best information to be derived irora
other sources. .
( rtclde. .mending section ' ln-'r;-also
the essentials ol It .V t. " ' , .,7(lt(
. Kxtends the provisions
Include maiiagoig agent, or ''rtl'J" "
ation or association l-ahl'' b; '""', ,1.1.
assessor: Increase, the pe.,.1 1 J r. J -;n;"r:
-It tieing coininon ex- ru ii.e th. " Jj,,,1",,
ons prefer to run their chance, of
pay a penalty tallicr than make tin
lncnt renul reil J
Secretary Shaw estimates that ri)8,.
028,453 will be required for the gov.
ernnient service for the year ending
v more than 2,500 persons In Paris Too Flaleal.
. esnital of s much aa JJO0.0O0, rrlsoner," said the Jmlire, who wss
tod nesrlj one-third of thosa ara foreign- about to pronounow aentenea upon the
rilipril, 11, lusirsu v. ueina Bl .ui uu ii.
offender, you had chosen th career of a
law-abidina" citisen "
"I am a law-abiding citizen, your hnn-
All insurance policies covering build-' n..
....... .1 1 .. I I . 1. . , , " IQ
th ldT turned W inw last yaao auu
imeeilment. hich w enihodied in the con
cnuM he rerlaced hy Mr. M.nn: troon. CanOelliHl. The COIIinanies feae tn. I "PI"1' . ... .... m t thai eWk.
"re nt , , , nf fo 1h(, l mi . hnrnl , II T"1 " . . ...
with mtt m " v -"Kry "i, ,ydcntiy an ngut ), ".
. ...,eni. mien wa eninociieii in me con-i , ai .'...in- rid
it'iti. n of ( !,. i proclaimed a provisional lngs owned or oontrolle.1 by the teibaecol .' a mn thef wer dlToreed and lived
'Vfrtimsr,! for K ! .e.4 Um uam. nf A A. 1 a . ) A fid " '
can improvt it, method, I I?rT; ,h' "Peditirm helnf handled
. -7. .ne rspeoition neinf nan died witn mot
I atifactorjr pced and etficiencj. The pro-1
(To c continued next week)
or, interrupted ins narcienea crooi
"Whenever I bresk a law I am ready to
abld the consequences.'
Thereupon his honor added all months
to th term of Imprisonment he had In
tended to Impose, aa a punishment for
picking flaws in the court's Eugliao.
I.o.-al ( olo'.
Mrs. Goodsole-What odd rontiisUOM
finds in society ! ei..knS
Mrs. Kedpcp-O. In th. Muebook
you Und the names of ever 10 nn7 t
pie that are hopelessly ireea.
An Irish provincial Pr' rWt'
printed the following notice: n'reas.
Patrick O'Connor lately left his I
Ingw, this I to give notice that If h
doet not return st once and VJ
th same he will b advertised.