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About Hillsboro independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 189?-1932 | View Entire Issue (March 16, 1900)
Oar Job Printing Department
Surpasses any in the Coonty
for neatness, quick ncaa tad
.' NDEI'KNDHNT ami Weekly
Oregoniaii, Is.th fr f 2 t lr
year. Iniki-i.niknt ami the
Twii-e a Witk Courier -Journal
la.th for only fl.oo Jr year.
cheapness. Call and ba
IIILLSBORO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, MARCH Hi VMM.
OovoriwHr , i ,;,..(.,,,
Prink. . wi,0rtou
IMsiraV.. T.A. MoHnd.
Attorney " Uialriet 1 J. I Iff"
L. A. Kod
. .. .. ..J. t A. Yf.uu
(Jufnuiiasioners 1 "' ' T. O. T.sId
, . - ' ). A. Iniiiii.-
i," " ".W. I. Hrad'ord
.( i.lviu J M l
lira rdr .
'1 1 utanr
. . a. it. w'y
...i: A. l v.l
, . . II. A Hul
A. A. Morrill
..A': I: I.H'!f
OltfcXKIN til l V LANIMjmOB.
flout. If Moores .
. Itev inter
I ,.W. N. Hnrreil, MKyor
I 1ii-. I lll'kM
i .... J. oreeur
, VV. II . Wt'tiriiiit!
( ' " ... . K. Wn!fllfl
I J. I'lirntl'lln
I . . '.'..!. H. Wllni.I
H.Mfd of Trustees
Marsnai J- W II. r-li.llh
I nation of Pear j H II 1 1 fin i.tr--y
i-OHT Ori-H'K IriKOiUIVHON.
In. o..U close " ' Hi"-"""" ''UBt
Mill, Hk 7:;m.
OHUKOH AN1 WHilKIY NOIIOK.S.
C" lONIJUKltAl'IONAL (llll'IM'H, """
J iu'n ind !" streets. ,",'";
Stu,.h.H.i . io -o...k ;.'
mealing Thursday vcui'.g. Y. K M. ;
ssr sift &
Idxrvoiie oordially " ... ., , ..
Kvoryone jjy a p. HliOHK!.. iW.r,
?ver ".aatiiM every Wednesday evening;
KSSiw M,iuaB ev,,,"u,
M i Hiilluiityii... pastor.
MM OHIHWJHf K. A. A.lkinn, ynlr
every HhI.I.mIU n.ti.ii. aud
eve,,?. ,, b"a ". J..O..I ever, Kal.lH.lb a
?J L Ua.i i.i"n very H...iay at
"tu' . Jenrl Pyi Va' d'.
1 knradav eveniuK. Isadora' and bu ward
ri il.. r...rff l oefKla, .,.. f
lltMSTIAN ( HllU ll "'';''lm5 2.,
A. o. n. w.
II I.SIIOIU) I.OlMK NO.! I'd. A. . I'.
'MIT' Mm1 .very Ural and tu.rd
, r,..ay ."veuiM ' 'm"'""u k' K A U. M.I W .
W. II. Wehmnti. lUoorder.
lUufClitera t Bbrkah.
lx M I. O. !'., lueeta m Odd till
Hall averi Baiurday eveuiim.
i m.1 II.
ILI.HIHHtO OKANUK, NO. 7:, niw U
lliliriX". u......i.. i,nh IlloUtll.
I. o. o.
..iiNlkl MA .I!K. NO. BO. meet
M' wJilay evening at a..'elk... M-
V Hall. Vwitora ma.te welo-me-
U. M.O. 0ui.t. Heo'y.
iHoffrfe of Hanoi.
nillK DKOIIKK tiK IIONOIl. A. . I'
brat and third Friday ev, .-mud "I f
S.onlh M. M. trldKea, t
Mr..N..llia Hare. Urn order.
ltlKKNU'lA TKMI'I.K NO- I".
1 ieta every -2nd ...id 4.1. Kr.dav ... e. I.
.!..T.r.t 7.o'.l. li I" W..hrin.K'll".
"""" M, ft riiii.i.iiir.l.xi
Wra Nellie Ure
M. ol It. "d 1.
M K. V.
a. of r.
. ..i.vNit i.oixik, no. :m, k. ok r..
P Lltl in m"o....i Hall nn Mondo
.veo week. ft.Jfmm.BB bre.hr.,.
el..iuml to Imttta n.eem.i:".
A. anil A.
riniAMTV I.OlKK Nt). . A. AA. M..
fl meVtaavery Halnnla, on or afu..
mil u..h.oi.m. KY w M.
K. '! -N Meerftary.
O. K. .
MM' A I ATI N CHArTKIl. NO.31.0. K. .8.
'r mriw a Manonte Ten..le on .he..'
and 4ih Tueaday ol ea.h month.
K. o. t. n.
,u!h Thnrlay -ennijd (
WASHINGTON KNOAM I'M K.N T No. !4
I. O. . K.. meet, on hra n
Ird T 'daTof each month.
C K IK-lehman
K. BASSO I OKI'S 0. 47.;Vf B. I'.
atKKTS IN I1 KKI.I.OWS IIAII.
M H.H.hor,. the tn.l l. Kralay
Klliahelh O'lrandaM. Hreiara
WES. KtSSO TOST, SO. !, M. A. R.
MKKTM IN oni KKI.I.OWS HAIXON
the lirl and thl St.inr.laya of ea. l.
n..nth, H:iMo'cloek, I. M
J. I'.HIeka. K. trandall I
Yaar Enrf. ,
. ..... . ..,,. r.w.lim. itt.il ilii'
("now" Il.e rim - .
alate of your hrallh as well. Impure blood
make ilwb ai.pan-.it In . jwle and 'allow
"omplenion. I'implea and blin Kr... ...na
If von are Iwllntj weak and worn out and
,t. imt have a healthy appearaiiee von
" .m.1.1 try Ai ker a lltal H.i.r. Itenrra
all hnaMdiaea. where ,-l.eap Sarip,.i il
I dft cwlle.lp.irin.-ra fail . known. tin.
wt tell every Untie on a pwntivKiiarantee
h Ualta Urufl btora.
TIIOH. H TlMUri,
. . TuNuri
N' tury fuhlic.
TIMW II K. H. TOSUl'E,
rroHN KYS-AT-LA W,
Ovrit a: K x.ii 3, . . Morf-an Blook.
W. . B4KKETT,
( twm t: tJentral Hlooa. Itooni fl I.
.. -.. W.D.MMW.
(rru: Uoou.a and 7. MorKao blue.
II. T. BAIILKV.
TTOllNl'.Y ANIr m , a
Ie..ity Ih-lri. l Aiu.riiey for Waaliinic
U.ll 4Ioili.l v.
(.Kim: nylfi'lin Ifrughtnro.
JOHN M. WAI.I.,
Y TTOK N ICY-AT- I,AV,
I.iiil.-y MortfHn Hlix k, Kh.iiis 1 A 2.
S. I . MSbLATEB". B. V. U.
HH.I hUOI'O, OkWION.
Urn : at romii.-noe, aaat of
lli.ua... wlirr- lie will l. found at all
wlit-u not viHitmK iatinta.
J. I'. TAMIKSIK, M. !..
O I. K. It. HUIWJKON,
Ovrum n Hkii.h i "n''
. in.. I t f. and 7 to H p. in. lel.-ilii.iieU.
r,dnoH from lr.K,k A Hela' l""''"
all hoiirn. All oalla iro.iu.tly attended,
miilit r day.
K A. HA 1 LEV, M. I.
IIYSI( IAN, SUlWnXlN AND
()rriir in I'harmaoy, Union Klook. Oalla
iittnndfHl to. niiehl or day. Itoaideuoe.H. W.
( !or. Ilaae liine and heooud atnwta.
H. II. HUM I'll KEYS.
V AltHTUACTlNU OF riTLIX
IipkrI .nir d inn and Loanaon Iteal
l-tate negotiate t. KiiKinem atteudnd In
itu oroniiitneaa and dinpat. h
JAM. M , THOMrrtOM, KOTfKI rl!H.m.
TIIOMI'KON & SOS,
Hi yenm exporienoe in Ollioe Ipnl Bnal
ol i;sliil and liiilivi.l.mla raied for.
Ollicent the llar.nnr, Forest drove, OreRon
( . K. UI.MJUK,
I'll YSK'AN AsnSUUdKON.
FOUK8T liUOVK OUK.dON.
Sp.fi.-il iillei.ti.iii Jii to Medical and
SurKif'iil lioiiM.-B of Women audi liildren
ind nil rliroiiie.iiwanea.
()llii.-e and nwi.lenee. Howllir hi
l,1 ili. ave..wei. ol Konifttlrove hotel.
K.iBKUT CiP.OVK, OUKHON
Veal art. ial leelh .r1 peri.et. lemeiit
:ii.,l Amalpii.. lillinK" r.-ma ea. li. Hold
nlliiiKH lri.ni l up. Vitaliwd air for m.n
(.' .'lr.u-li.ill. u . .
Orri.a: three doora north of Mrio
mre. Otlin. honra from a. u. tf a. ni
J. K. AllklNH.
liiiLsiioijo, ) i :
Ori-ifN lloiina: l a. in. to 4 :30 p. m.
Olli.fl in I'nion M.H-k over I'liarmai y
Moki Tea piwlllvfly carenSirk Head
........ i...ii,r .nun mid ri.imti nation. A
ili-lii-'lilliii li. rl. drink. Ifeinovea all ernp-
li.iiM ol the akin, prixuirini.' a -ri.ft
i.l.'Xion.or money B-fiiiid.il. ir eta. and
I. . ,. i ,...1... II... .. Hi. tra
.HI I'Uf mi' i'.i. ,r,Hv-...
Kurfk IhrnrM OM In lh Nwt
prvrv.it!v f now lnthtr
rtll'l lilt' tt fcnviiliT t
It-Mil hT. It OltH, MinnS ItlM'tt-
nmititl prttwt, sa
en Tivir l.-M haraeaa. j-rnir il har-o-
an,l vii.r turruu;.' I.l. Ih.-v
mill n..l nnlv l..a U'll.-r Iw.l wmr
k.n -, r ?,.l,l i-vt-n. h. e'n ran - all
aii. Irni hMll .irl. I. H.ecalaWfW
aw.- j at. aa aik iw.
Cures Impotcncy, NiKht Kmiaatonsand
.iie.iaea. an e lects Ol sen-
a Suae, or rxcras ana iniiis-
,-rrti.in A norvr) tonle anil
Jfmi.'rul l.llilfr. Hrinirs the
pink plow to rale checks and
f rcaturcs the ore ei youtn.
H m.ni rtxrv iM-r i, iaii-
f..r . J.r.O: with ft written frnnnuv
toc lfv,liri or rfii.iin urourji
bend tor cimnar. floun-w,
airouiTA MPOICAL CO.
Clinton aV Jackson 8ta CHICACO, ILL.
For aalf t.y Delta Drugstore.
n THE STOW
"The ollur clfrka iinve me the nam
of 'Old Hnlvatlou.' but there wa one i
pf-raoi. I llk.,1 very ...... h. He wa.
clerk In unotlu r a.ore. He often went
paat the il.r. He a.H.n...l to ue not
like othera. Ilia fare wa. bright and
freh. like a little c-hil.l'a. When he
came to the aliop, I fell I liked him. 1
One ilny I anw a book lu hla pocket,
and Unit .nude me f.fl near blui. I
asked him If he wa fond of reading,
n.l he aai.l yea, when there waa noth
Ine elae to do. The next lay be came
to mo nnd nKk.il me if T did not feel
lonely. He never anw me Rolng out
with the other fellows. He would
rome nnd aee me that evening, he aal.L
You've got a rummy lilnce here,' ha
"Yon ai-e, there wna nothing In It but
parking enwa for furniture, and It waa
nil her empty. While I waa putting tha
food on tlie box lie looked nt my hooka.
He read th.dr nnmea out nloud-'Kle- I
nenlnry I'liyHlology.' 'Kirat I'rlnclplea. I
i.oirj : ne aai.i. ne Kon i... ui
dry Kin IT like that at home I got for
Kiinday hcIioiiI prlzea, but I only keep
them to UkIiI my plie with now. They
come In linn.ly for that.' Then he Bak
ed me If I had ever read a book called
the 'Itlmk Kyed fn-ole.' That la the
style for me,' he aai.l "there w here the
fellow lakes the nigger girl by the arm
and the other fellow cuts off. That's
what I like.'
"Hut what he an Id after that I don't
rvmenilMT, only It made me feel as If
I were having a I mil dream, and I
wniil.il lo 1 far away.
After he was gone my little room
got back to Its old look. 1 loved It so.
was ho glad to get Into It at night,
nd It sec mcd to lie reproaching me for
bringing hi in there. The next day ha
took the gray mare. On Thursday he
did not bring her bnck, mid on Friday
1 found the aaddle nnd bridle standing
at my door.
"In the afternoon he looked Into the
shop and culled out: 'Il.iie you got
your saddle, fnriier. lour nag or
hones kicked nut six miles from this.
I'll send you a couple of shillings to
morrow, though the old hide wasu't
worth It (iimmI morning.'
Hut I sprang over the counter and
got hi in by his throat My father was
so gentle with her. He never would
ride her up hill, and now this fellow
had murdered her. I naked him where
he had killed her, and I shook him till
he Hll.H'd out of my hand. He stood
In the door grinning.
'It didu't tnke much to kill that bag
of Imiiu'h, whoae nuiHter sleeps In a
packing cane nnd waits till his compa
ny's HiiIkIuiI to cat on the plate.
(Shouldn't wonder If you fed her on
sugar bags,' he "said. 'And If you think
I've JuuiHd her you'd better go and
look youraelf. You'll find her along the
road by the "aaa-vogela" that are eat
"I caught him by bis collar, and I
lifted hhu from the ground, and 1
threw him nut Into the street half way
across It I beard the bookkeeper say
to the clerk that there was always the
devil In thoae mum fellows, but they
never called me 'Salvation' after that
"I mi writing to you of very small
things, but there Is nothing elae to telL
It hna been nil small, and you will like
It Whenever anything has hnpMncd
have always thought I would tell It
to you. The hack thought lu my mind
Is always you. After Hint only oue
old man came to visit me. I had seen
him In the strecla often. He nlwnys
wore very dirty hlaek clothes and a hat
with crnie round it, nnd he hud oue
eye, so 1 noticed mm. one uay tie
came to my room with a subscription
list for a minister' salary. When 1
Bald I had nothing to give, be looked
t me with his one eye.
" 'Young man,' he said, 'how Is It 1
never see you In the limine or the
Iir.l7" I thought he was trying to do
good, so I felt sorry for hlui, and I told
him 1 never went to chacL 'Young
u in I.,' he said, 'It grieves me to bear
suc'i godlcas words from the lips of
oue so young, so far gone lu the paths
of destruction. 'ung man. If you for
get llod, Cod will forget you. There la
sent nn the right lian.l side as you go
at the bottom door Unit you may get
If you are given over to the enjoy
ments and frivolities of this world,
what will become of your never dying
"He would not go till 1 gave him half
a crown for the minister's salary. Aft
erward I heard he was the man who
collected the m-w rents and got a per
centage. I didu t get to know any one
"When my time In thnt shop waa
done, I hlr.il in vac If to drive one of a
transport rider's wagons.
"That first morning when I sat In
the front and called to my oxen and
saw nothing aliout me but the hills
with the blue coming down to them
nd the 'karroo' hushes I was drunk.
I laughed. My heart was hrnttng till It
hurt me. 1 shut i.. tyes Light that
when I opened them I might see there
were no shelves nlxnit me. There must
bo a beauty lu buying and sidling If
there Is henuty In everything, but It la
very ugly to me. My life as transport
rider would have been the lest life In
the world If I bad had only one wagon
to drive. My master told me he woul.
drive one, I the other, and he would
hire another person lo drive the thlnL
"At the places where we 'ontspanned'
there were sometimes rare plants and
flowers, the festoons banging from tha
bush trees, and nuts and Insects, such
aa we never see here, but after a little
while I never look.il at them. I waa
too tired. I ate as much aa 1 could
and then lay down nn my face under
the wagon till the boy came to wake
me to Inspan,' and then wt drove on
again all night Ho It went ao It went
1 think sometimes when wt walked by
my oxen 1 called to them In aiy sleep.
I for I know I thought or nothing. I
waa Ilka an animal. Uj hod VM
! mmm mm
A TALE OF LIFE IN THE
atrong and well to work, bet my
I 1 i ....1 If wnn ... vj not felt It.
" "."",",. n.i i. Too
Iajrnd.ll. joo canao 'nD"d 1
mar work and work and work till joa
are only a body, not a aouL Now. when
aee one of thoae evil looking me .that
e from fcuropnayvh-. with the
an. .ken face, different from
any Kalrtr'a I know what brought tuat
look Into their eyea, and If I hava only
one Inch of tolmcco 1 give them half.
It la work, grinding, mechanical work,
tnut Uiey or their auceatora hava done,
that haa made them Into beaata. You
' nmy work a nian'a body ao that hla
' aoul dies. Work la good. I have work
ed m the old farm from tha aun'a rla
Uig till Ita aetting, but 1 have bad tlnia
I to think and time to fi-eL You may
' work a man so that all but the animal
In him Is gone, and that grows atrouger
with physical laln.r. You may work a
man till he Is a devil. I know It, be
i tit it Von will never
unJllt1ltlllU the change that came over
Nq oue but , wm ever know now
. Hut 1 waa never mlsera-
great It was.
ble. When I could keep my oxen rroin
sticking fast utid when I could nnd a
place to lie down In, I bad all 1 waut
ed. After 1 bad driven eight months a
rainy season came. For 18 hours out
of the 24 we worked In the wet The
mud went up to the a ilea sometimes,
aud we bad to dig tha wheels out and
we never weut far In a day. My mas
ter swore at me more than ever, but
when he had doue he always offered
me bla brandy Bask. Wheu I flint
came, he had offered It me, aud I bad
always refused, but now 1 drank aa
my oxen did when I gave them water
without thinking. At last 1 bought
brandy for myself whenever we passed
One Sunday wa 'ontspanned' on tha
banks of a swollen river to wait for Ita
going down. . It waa drlxsllng still, so
I lay under the wagon on the inuil
There was no dry place anywhere, and
all the dung was wet so there waa ao
are to cook food. My little flask waa
filled with brandy, and 1 drank some
and weut to sleep. When 1 woke. It
waa drizzling still, so 1 drauk some
more. 1 waa still and com, ana my
master, who lay by me, offered me bla
flask, because mine was empty. 1 drauk
some, aud then 1 thought I would go
and see If the. river waa going -Jc-a-sf
1 remember that I walked to tha road,
and It seemed to be going away from
me. When I woke up, I waa lying by a
little buab on the bank of the river. It
waa afternoon. All tha clouds had
gone, and the sky waa deep blue. The
Bushman boy waa grilling ribs at the
fire. He looked at me aud grinned
from ear to ear. 'Master waa a little
nice,' be said, 'and lay down In the
road. Horn. 'thing might ride over mas
ter, ao 1 carried blm there.' He grinned
at me again. It was as though be said
You aud I are comrades. 1 have lain
In a road too. I know all about hv
When I turued my head from him, 1
aaw the earth, ao pure after the rain.
ao green, so fresh, so blue, and 1 was
drunken carrier whom his leader had
picked up in the mud and lain at the
roadside to sleep out bla drunk. 1 re
membered my old life, and I remeni
bered you. 1 aaw how one. day you
would read lu the papers: 'A Uerman
carrier, named Waldo Karher, waa kill
ed through falling from hla wagon, be
ing Inatautly crushed under the wheel
Deceased was supposed to have been
drunk at tha time of the accident
There are those notices In the paper
every mouth. I sat up, and I took the
brandy flask out of my pocket, aud I
flung It aa far as 1 could luto the dark
water. The Hottentot boy ran down
to see If be could catch It It bad sunk
to the bottom. I never drank again.
"1 do not kuow why I kept on work
Ing ao bard for that master. I think
It was aa the oxen come every day and
stand by the yokes they do not know
why. t'erbaps I would have been with
hi in still, but one day we started with
loads for the dlamou.l Melds. The oxen
were very thin uow, aud they bad been
standing alaiut In the yoke all day
without food while tire wagons were
tielng loaded. Not far from the town
was a bill When we came to the foot
the first wagou stuck fast I tried for
a little while to urge the oxen, but I
soon saw that oue 'span' could never
pull it up. I went to the other wagon
to loosen that 'span' to Join them on In
front but the transport rider, who waa
lying at the back of the wagon. Jump
They shall bring It up the bill, and
If half of them die for It they shall do
It alone,' he said,
"He was not drunk, but In a bad tem
per, for be had la-en drunk the night
before. He swore at me aud told ma
to take the whip and help blm. Wa
tried for a little lime. Then I told
him It was uo use, they could never
do It He swore louder and called to
the leaders to come on with their
whips, and together they lashed. There
was one ox, a black ox. ao tbln that
the ridge of bis backbone almost cut
through hla Ccsh.
" 'It Is you, devil. Is It, that will not
pull) the transport rider said. 'I will
show you something.' He looked like
"He told the boys to leave off Hog
ging, and ha held the ox by the horn
and look up a round stone and knock
ed Ita nose with It till the blood came.
When be had done, they called lo the
oxen and took up their whlpa again,
and the oxen strained with their backs
bent, but the wagon did not move aa
"8o yon won't won't your he said.
I'll help yon.'
"He took out his clssp knife and raa
It Into the leg of the trend. ling ol three
times np to tha hilt Then be put the
knife In his pocket and Ihey took thetr
whlpa. The oxen'a flanks quivered,
and they foamed at the mouth. Htrslo
Ing. they moved the wsgoa a few feet
ConrfaMpSfi on Fourth Pnga.
What Shall We do to Im-
prorc Our Present
AN AR(il'MF.NT OF FOItfE
Oratloa Delivered I'eliraary 1Mb iu
Marak Hall, Kerest lrwie, by Y. I .
Nerlh, a t'anleklaat far the
The history of crime is coexistent
with the story of the) human f imily.
From that day when our first parcnlx
forfeited the place fur which they
were destined, and were driven from
Iha garden, misfortunes have follow
ed the race. Man could no longer live
io .(eHi eand mm fly hut must tie haras
sed by many troubles, w lu tli. rtowttil
iiHi.i I he (iifp or lolling upon some
seashore, whether in I lie liroml liu'.l
of day or under the shadow of dark
There sprung up a class of men in
the depths of whim black hearts
lurked every vice, simply parasites,
who, because they found social and
moral law a burden, chose to live by
preying upon society. This criminal
class has la-en the terror of every g. n
eratiou of our race. Ail ranks of
MM'iety in every age and country
have HnnVrcd from ils depredations.
Nations have tin. I iu niHi.y aud
various ways to suppress crime.
They have in the past chosen physi
cal 'orlure as the motbisl of rctritiuJ
turn. No pen can express the cruel
lies practiced upon criminals during
the eaily ages. Men were made pro
maturely old or hastened to s"eijy
death In gloomy prisons. Multitudes
of prisoners have la-en Ihrust into
sombre towers and dismal dungeons
to languish alone and forgotten. It
is a aad page of history which tolls of
Mainertine dungeon, under the Ci
iloliue, where Jugurtha perished; or
of I he Uastile, through whose mas
sive walls no win ni I of. the outer
world could reach the wretched in
mates; or of the Spanish prisons iu
Cuba, the last home of ho many
"To whom the goodly earth and air.
Were bann'd and Imrr'd forbid
People who believe in cruel treat
ment of prisoners should expect to
find (he Dark Ages a niollenuium of
peace. But such merciless treatment
aa was then practiced did not stamp
out crime hut rather ' increased . it.
The prisons of Mediaeval Kurope
were crowded with criminals.
Our own penal system is far from
perfect, Iss-ause it dis-s not aim a I re
form but degrades the prisoners
under its power. Although it is on
ly by reform of the criminal that the
Slate can be secured ..from, further
danger, neverless reform cannot bo
secured under our n-eseiit system.
Young people are arrested for minor
offences, many limi-a for no offense
whatever, and Incarcerated in cells
with the mot nhandonedand dess-r-ale
criiuiiiHls. Many of tender years
are held, in this criminal atmosphere
for weeks and then are' found, iiHm
examination, lo tie -innocent.'. Sueh
treatment can manifestly liaVe but
one result. These poor h;tims are
started down the road to crime and
If we wish lo reform our prison
system, we must do away with liiese
criminal factories. We must rescue
thoae who are young in crime from
the vicious influenoe of hardened
criminals. We must, do, U by
humane treatment. "Modern philan
thropy ran make even . the criminal
valdable to K'lety. ..' '.
Humanitarians Islieve that lor
slight offences young persons should
not be imprisoned but should be
placed on probaliou. . This plan has
succeeded in lloston for the last
They also advocate the Indetermin
ate sentence for uioff serious offences.
This plan has ln vry cuceesKful at
the Klmyra Itelormalory. fc Hy.. ,IH
method a criminal is sentenced not
for a fixed period . but unld he has
given pnsif that lie may safely Is- re
turned to a ciety. The pii-n.nerl.im
self Is made r-puiisilile for the lime
of hia release. He is assigned lo a
class suited to his rapacity, mil U
carefully trained -nliing lh""e lines
which will Isifl HI him for ritix -n-ship.
II- is put Into a workflow
that ia la-sl adapted to his physi.-al
and moral training. No one de-ores
to lighten the burdens of criminals,
but hy human treatment lo help
them to reform.
Advocates of the indeterminate
sentence have studied deeply not on
y into tha tiMory of crime bnt into
Ote character of criminals. They re
gard crime its a disease -which ipisll
flea the onfortunate victim for the
hospital rather than for v.n.liclive
punishment. They, find (list, al
though prison. r- are puMosed wilh
little (siwer ot M-ir-conirol, yet they
rtreoflenaniiiml.il by . good resolu
tions, often anxious to do what is
right; however, as Unite, poor creat
ures are powerless to save themselves
they plunge again and again into
Authorities agree that all crimes
except thone Ix.rii fiom sudden im
pulses, are caused either by bad
health or Istd morah-; that criminals
as a rule have unsound Ixxliee; that
they are relisxcd to idleness and
morbid inipulse; also that they are
weak, with little or no training, with
no fixed hatiils, and without homes
worthy of a mime,
Hy the iml.ler.iiiiiH.te treatment,
the officials Inl-or, first to make the
prisoner physically sound, secondly,
lo fix in him habils of toil, aud, last,
to convince him that his happiness
deH-nds on his obedience to law. In
order lo secure his release, a prisoner
must gain a certain numtf?r of cred
it marks. These marks may la? can
celled for negligence) or ill Is-liavior.
lie is iuU discharged until perfect in
labor, school and conduct, and then
only on parole.
. Hut the magnitude of our (.resent
penal system is simply astonishing,
and it is a deplorable fact that our
prisons reproduce the criminal class.
There are in the United Htntes
twenty-two hundred county Jails,
several hundred lock-ups and fifty or
sixty s-niteutiaries. These buildings
cost f'HKieim.ilOO which is dead capi
tal; and it reifuires an appropriation
of $.o,(HH),Oo(i annually to run them.
There are in ad.Iitiou many thousand
IMilicemen nnd detectives, about
seventy thousand constables and as
many magistrates, twenty-two
hundred sheriffs and twelve
thousand deputies. .Then' come the
juries, s-tit juries, lawyers and judges;
in all over a million men who sup
port themselves by our penal system.
This burden should not lie allowed
to rest upon our eo.le. Criminals
should he given a fair chance to reform,-ami
those who persist in crime
should not again ha turned loose up
on society any sfsmer than men dis
eased wilh. leprosy or smallpox.
Modern s-nology is the survival of
the Dark Ages. The poleslar of our
present 'system is punishment, where
as tlie prottction ol sis-iety should i
its sole ol Joel. Punish. item iievtr
made a sincere convert. It tramples
instead of he ring up, and is, there
fore, as unchrlstain in principle as it
is unwise in policy. A cry should he
raised for our criminals such as went
up for theunernam-lpHted slave forty
years ago. .. These human derelicts
should tuit he allowed to drift at the
mercy of. the gale'hut should be safe
ly gtnd.Hl into the harbor. The eyea
of the public should 13 0H-ned in re
gard to the real character of the
criminal clasfj. We shiruld adopt a
t.onal. '.code. which not only would
Keep pace with our' great inventions
along other lines but . which will be
an' honor to a Chrislain nation.
,Jli very hard to stand idly hy
ami ee our ih-ar 'dies suffer while
awaiting the ariival of the dix-tor.
An Albany, N, Y., dairy-mai called
at a drug store, there for a doctor lo
come siid see his child, then very
sick with ' croup. Not finding the
doctor in, he left word for him lo
come at once AV-hi-v reiaVn. He also
bought a lellle of Chamlarlain'8
Cough Remedy, which he hoped
would give some relief until the
d.K-ltir should arrive. In a few
hours lie returned, saying the doctor
need not come, as the child was
much ta-Mer. The druggist, Mr.
Olio Scholz, says the family has
since recommended Chamberlain's
Ough Remedy to On ir nelghbois
and friends until he has a constant
demand lor it from that part of the
country. For sale at the Delta Drug
We have saved ui.iny doctor hills
since we Is-gan ming Chamberlain's
Ciniifh Itemed v in our home. We
keep a bo: tie s-ii all the lime ao.1
whenever any ot my family or myso'fl
l gin to catch cold we la-gin to use I
the Cough Remedy, anil as a resul'
we never have lo send away for f
doclor and incur a large dis'tor bill,
for Chamls-rlain's Cough Remedy
iir-ver falls to cure.. It is certainly a
medicine of gri-st merit and worth.
D. S. Menrkle, 'general no reliant and
farmer, M a' M'1, lied ford county, ,1'a.
For sale at I In- D Us Drug Store.
A. R. IV Fluent, ciliior of the
Journal, I siylealown, Ohio, suffered
for a tiiiuilsT of years from rheuma-0-m
in his right slioiil.h r and side,
lie says: "My right . arm at times
was entirely useless. 1 tried Cham
Isrlsin's 1'nin Halm, and waa sur
prised to ns-eive relief almost Im
mediately. The I'ain Halm has been
a i-onstant companion of mine ever
sim-e snd it wxer fsiis." For sale
t thi Delta I'rug Wore.
A new story is that (havhel was
killed by a gambler who had a bet
is-isling on Hie elect im results. In
the alence of an inquest two or
three fresh versions of the tragedy
are put forth every week.
SOLDI IK HKlSkAKHS.
dross druakemifMS has often U-cu
cl.srged lo the Aiuericfc! s -Idier.
Rev. Dr. Charles O. Pierce, army
chaplain, according to the N. Y.
Tribune, testifies thus of the liquor
Irafle in Manila.
"When I first weut to Manila I lie
streets were lined from end to end
with native shacka at which thl
Mlsonous compound, native gin, was
peddled at the rate of one cent a glass.
The natives lake oue glass aud slop.
They know they have enough, but
our soldiers, ignorant of its character,
and because of its low price, would
take four or five Uriuks, which set
them crazy. They weie not used to
it. They driuk it as ttiey would
beer or Americans wines. This
caused an appalling amouut of drunk
enness. liut it did not continue long.
The native drinking places wereabol
ished and the sale of that vile slut)
was forbidden. Then discharged
sold iei s Im gnu to os-ll soloons ami
sell .America ii t-eer, wines, and
whiskey, elc, which (he soldiers
drank misleralely and with the same
results as In the Uuitcd Stales. The
establishment of these saloons is ac
cepted by K-rsons who are not fam
iliar w it li the facts as evideuce that
drunkenness has im reused, but they
do not know, or neglect to explain,
that half a dozen drinking places
have been abolished for every one
that has been opened, aud to-day if
the American salisuis were alailished
the soldiers would return to the vile
native gin which the Chinese, who
are very shrewd, would find means
to furnish them somehow ir an
other." This native liquor, vino, aa they
call it, is a vile stuff and the authori
ties had to tuipose a -iially of ten
dollars upon the dealers who sold
any to the American soldiers. This
vino or native gin Is the cause of the
iusanity of which we have heard so
much rather than the slraiu of out
Prof. Schurman says the govern
ment of the Philippines will closely
resemble that outlined by President
Jefferson for the luisana purchase.
Here is a point in which Bryan con
siders himself immeasurably superior
At the end of eight months of the
fiscal year the surplus of receipts
over expenditures is $.17,76:1,000.
The February decrease, of the pub
lic deM was i7,7oO,ln8. Republican
times are easily distinguished from
the other kind.
l'OKTO KM AS I.M.ISI.ATION.
In a letter lo the Indkpk.nim-.nt,
Cougre sman Tongue writes clnariy
about the much discussed Porto
Rican legislation. It is so much to
the point that it is here reproduced.
The letter is dated March nth.
I think about all of the descen
dants of Annanias have turned them
selves loose upon that hill. I never
knew of any measure so lied about.
People are wondering why congress
disregarded the president's recom
mendation for free trade. The fact
of it is, the house in endeavoring to
relieve Porto Rico In its necessities
haa gone far beyond anything the
president contemplated. Of course
free trade meant the extension of the
internal revenue laws to the island
and also implied mime system of lo
cal taxation whereby the people of
that island should support their own
government and carry nn their own
affairs. Payne introdutred a bill
looking towards that end, but the
people of Porto Rico say they can
not ay these ha"al taxes. The coffee
industry which supports alsjut UO per
cent of the people haa la-en prostrated
by storms and floods, the last year's
crop waa totally destroyed, and the
heshes have la-en so injured thai
there will be probably little or no
crop this year. They say this class
of psiple can pay no taxes at all on
anything. In fact, they are in dis
tress and the government has exsnd-
ed tWiKI.OOO for their relief. General
Davis says to enforce the revenue
law would not only produce disaster,
but probably riot and Insurrection.
It will take some liltle time to get
those people to understand and ols-y
Hir laws and changes in system- of
taxation. Our v iple have la-come
accustomed to heavy internal reve
nue taxes on liquors anil toliacco.
The Porto Rii-an people have not.
The common ssr ople all ue a
cheap form of cigar, and in the place
of tea anil coffee a cheap ruin which
they buy for 40 cents a gallon. Now
imagine putting our internal revenue
taxea on those, mull ip'y ing the price
four times over. General Ihivisanys
that the people could not pay if, and
probably would not If they could,
the change would be so violent. Now
the house tried to help them out, and
so they exempted Porto Rico from
internal revenue taxes and from
every other aciea of taxes except
this small tariff of 11 s-r cent. .The
principal Induitries that will Ik af
fected by thst Is ".irir snd tolacco.
But tha en'irr cr-.p i f Isdh of those
Continued on 8- oond i'tiffi.
DURING THE WEEK
ltoms of General Interest
from all parts of the
LA IU.F. NTilliF.lt OF (JOATS
iteeu Saw Mills In Clou t'euaty.
You tig Man Asked la Leave
Tested Sot ices
More than 7000 goats are uow re
presented iu the Polk couutv mohair
There are 16 sawmills iu the north
end ot Union county, employing In
all ills) hands.
Alex Hardie, of Condon has con
tracted the sale of his I'.ino wool clip
at 16 cents, to be delivered at The
Dan Hurley a young man of bad
reputation was chari varied at Toledo
last week aud advised to leave town.
At Losline, Wallowa county, m
contract has been made for the sale
of l!r00 head of ewes and lambe al
$2 CO to he delivered after shearing.
A farmer at Greenleaf, who clf.iuia
that deer have eaten 300 cabbage
plants, has posted a notice, warning
them to keep out of his garden patch.
Last Friday, near Brooks, a crane
was shot and killed by John Evans
I list measured six feet eight iuchea
t'rotn tip to tip and stood five leet
The Condon Ulotas says the county
there about Is "exiiected to give a
blir harvest this year, as every farm
er has from 300 to 1000 acres of
Eugene paid $Ht!i)1.07 in salaries lo
18 public acliool teachers for the year
ended March 1. Persona between 4
and 20 years number 1378; enrolled
in the schools, 10.ri9.
At D.-ep creek, in Columbia county
a man has sold three steers for $170,
and a numls-r of horses have chang
ed owners at (100 to f 1 2-r or head.
GimkI cows are scarce at A.t.'i to $4.rt
Joaquin Miller the iwa-t passed
through Oregon last week on a lec
ture tour. The lectures appear to
have las-n more for diversion than
for profit. Judge Miller saw the
country familiar to him 35 years ago,
la-fore he was famous.
Dow Palmer the night telegraph
os-rator at Halera who giaw home
from work at 2 o'clock In the morn
ing found a burglar trying to pick a
lock and enter the dwelling of a
neighbor. The burglar promptly
gave leg bail and Is at large.
Hugh Patterson one of the rail,
road hrakenien who assaulted Win
nie Thorn on the freight train be
tween Cottage Grove and Roseburg
in January last, has Iss-n found
guilty of the crime and has been sen
tenced lo serve a term ol five year
in the s-nitentiary.
A brass band is to be organized at
the state reform school. The mana
gement is gathering in books for a
library at the institution. This ac
tion is the result of the bequest of
.'too volumns made by Mrs. J. R.
I .add of LaOrande. Hupt Ackerman
is also working in the matter.
The Oregon Packing Co., fruits
and vegetables, Portland is to en
large Its capacity. This concern waa
organized in I8H7 one of the promo
ters being A. H. Boocow formerly of
ilillslsiro. Tnere was a struggle for
years, hut the company Is now so
lid concern and verifying all the pro
mises made in 1887.
Eugene Is going to make big
strides in improvements this summer
says the Morning Register, More
new brick block are lo be erected
and a number of residences are be
ing planned. Just now the city has
neither business room nor housing'
capacity to accommodate new busi
ness enterprises and the ever increas
F. M. Courier, the enterprising
manager of the Balm Fork ware
house informs the Heppner Times
that atsMit three carloads of wheat
la-longing to the Olden Brothers and
Hsm Warfield were shipped last
Saturday, the price received being
,V cents s-r bushel. There are yet
alsiul 1 1,000 bushels of wheat In his
warehouse. Mr. Courier haa every
reason lo believe that mammoth
crop of wheat and barley will las
reasf I In Morrow county next fall,
and that It will average at least 20
bushels to the acre. With this im
mense lot of grain even at 35 cents
jsr bushel it will bring' misjntalns
of gold into the country.