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About Hillsboro independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 189?-1932 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 3, 1893)
THIS MlaNS TOU I
Corrfurmdeur inlrtvltd fur pvbl ica- '(
I'rmt nf imln nl In Ihr yrnrnil imhiiv
tiu ! b atcvuipuHittl i all to ,J
Intltj-HiUut, If yi (ww 1M Item of
inKrlrti, but M rritirne vf pcotf faith.
.Vrira Mfml il in fur V6u"ii''B.
MILLS BORO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OkLGOX. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER a. l'X
J..r.,r ... rWlveaW reutioyer
Kwi.l.r ol htule Oeo. W. Mo bride
, Trea.tuer - Fbdlip Melerben
Hupl. 1'uMicIuati notion K B. McKlroy
tttaie l'riulr ....Frank C. Uaaer
). . ... w. r.
K. H. bean
... F.. A. loore
Judje Fifth District T. A. Moltrlde
Aiu.riu-v Fifth Dnttrict . W. N. barrel!
luoorder . . .
'1 rtHur r
Asaeaaor . . . .
. D. H. Ueasoner
1'. U. loud
H. B. Ooodin
. . tl. P. Ford
T. 8. Weatbeied
0. . Deirbman
... J. 11. Blauley
'. J. 0. Hall
W. D. Woml
I. Merryruan, I'ret
. . 4. . Hiiro
. 'N. A. Ham.lt
Hoard of Trutcea
Juatioeeof Peaoe j
. Jaiuee MnCuilioh
.. O. W. fatteraon
J. I. huiuui
I'OMT OFFK'K INFOIlMVliON.
The inaila close at lb llillaburo Poet
Olenooe. Waal I'tiiun, flethany and Cedar
Allll, HI II :A) a. III.
i.iu H.intli, ) a m.
(Ii.iiik to I'ortUiid and wnj-otte;f:'A
... A n ...
For FiinniiiKtou and Laurel.. W'edneadnya
nu mtturuitya ni iu:ou a. ni.
OUEUO.N CITY LAND OFFICE.
J. T. Apperam
CUL'UCll AND KOC1KTY NOT1CE8.
A. Ft au4 A M
riU'ALIl'Y LOIKIK NO. , A. F. A A. M.,
X uiBBlaeverf baliirday iiikIiI ou or alter
lull iuuju ol caon niunlti.
Ja. A. Iuoria, Maatar,
U. CaniLL, B-o'y.
K. f P.
IHKNIX LODGE, KO. 84, K. OF P..
X mcHiU in Odd rellowa Hull on Monday
evxnuiK of aaob week. Sojoarulng brnturen
Welooiued 10 loia luwtiiiKa.
N. A. BiaarrT, 0.0.
IIlUMtH riOHULMKBICB, K. of It. A 8.
It U. it. .
ONTKZl'MA LOIKIK, N(K W). meota
Wetlnealay eTeuinua at M o'clock, ill l.O,
O. F. Hall. Vlaitora madM wloome.
JOS. hl.lNfc.MAN. it. O.
II. R OOOr.lN, Huo.
1. M. t). U4ULT, 1'er. Hoo.
DunKhlfra of Itrbekah.
nll.T.SHDUO IIKI'.KKAU ItiliGK NO.'
M, 1. O. O. K.. uiMtla Hi (Kid Frllowa'
11 nil every Int and 3rd Mnlurdny errinuu of
earb in in tli. Maa, 1. M. lkNNl, N. U.
Maa. W. II. WaHHtiNO, rWy.
At O. . A.
lOCItT TIIAI.ATTM SO. TJ7,
Jnt A niMMtai avitrV 'I'nnaulav ATftnittcr in
Orann. Hall at a o'olook.
L. A. Whitoomb, 0. U..
W. W. M KiKKar, F. H. -
A. U. I . W.
HII.I.SIIOIU) LODOK NO. 61. A. O. V.
W lueata every aeound and fourtb
Toeitday evening in the month.'
11. 11. Fen Ton, M. W.
W. F.. Kaooa, Ueoorder.
W" AHIOT( ) N ENCAM I'M KM' No. 24.
l.O. O. F lueeta ou aeooud and
ouith Fridaya of each month. 1 -
H. II. Hl'MPHBITI, 0. r.
I'. II. Ibtnulirunn, Horthe;
1. f II.
I I Il.l.SIIOliO OUANGIC, NO. 7:1, aieeta
J 1 "lid and 4tli Hatardayaof earth month.
IIbnj. totiurmui. JJaatorff
Anku Imuuib, rieu.
1, P. . V, K. '
KKI'S every Hnuday evening at 7 o'clock
itl in the ( hnatiau oburon. Yoo are
cordially iuvited to attend ita ueetinira.
rASIllMfTON IDUNTY HOD AND
(tun Club meeta in Morgan lllix'k
every aeooud Tbortday of each uioutb, at B
P. M. i. E LONG,
J. A. Jt: rtOCNDEV, rWc . l ie .
AlTIST CIllUCH. Hun.lav He hoot at
Xi 10 a. nil prayer meetiutf 1'biiraday eveu
Iutfat7... CONOUEGATIONAL CIU'RCII. eerner
Main and Filth atreela. FreaclunM
every Kalihntb. tuoruintt and eveniUM. Mabt
Iwth acbied al ID o'clock a. m. Prayer
meeiiiiK Tbnraday evruiu. , V, P. 9. C, E.
bnndv at b ;to p. m, '
I.MKKrCbriatianChorch, Harry Watkina,
pastor, Itiiarline and Fifth. FreeobiuH
eiecoud and Fonrtb Niiudnya at 11a. m. and
7 M p.m. Hnnday Hubuul, 10 a. n. Pray
er ineetiuK, 1'bnraday, 8 Od p. ni. Y. P. B
C t.. Hunday, SK) p. in. . . '
MK. CIIUUtMI. II. II. Elwortby, paator.
el'rearbinii every Habbath morning and
evening, haliliath ecbool every, habbab at
Ida. m. l.wiuue meetiug ever'kHpnaltty at
4 p. in. General prayer tueelinu every
Tliiirlay evvnin. feeder' and Hteward'a
ruertinii the aeooud Toeadaj eveninii of eaab
I EVANGELICAL CHrKCIl. Hervicea
A ltnd.M nndlly til each month al
the BiptiHt clmrnh at it o'clock . , Hev.
Mr. Pratt, paator. Hundav rhhmil at 2 P.
at. (Vrtlaue prayer meetuiK on W'rdneaday
eveninii of eacu wwk. v . .
art - uiiu "viert, iu ul ninpiuiv unit
optiu dtily from 9 ft. m. to1 p. m. HuuUny,
from li ut, to 6 p. m. .
ond atreet. in old Ma
7. R. CORNELIUS
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots,
Shoes, Hats, Caps,
"AGRIC JLTJRAL IMPLEMENTS"
Atrt'iiU f'T the
i unn i r iv xouw w 1 1 a x
PUVS AND HARROWS
The U-it in the market.
. PRODUCE ..
Taken at the IIIjcheHt Market Prli-e.
W. . B4BBBTT. L. X. AD1H1
BAKKFTT k ADAMS,
Jl TOKX E Y.S- AT-I-V V,
Orrici: Central Block, Hoo ml 0 and 7,
g.U. HI STOX,
A TTOItX E Y AT- LAW
AXU XOTARY PUBLIC.
Ornri i Boom Ko 8, Talon Block.
THOMAS U. TONUIF.,
TTORX E Y-AT- LAV,
HILLS BOKO, OREGON.
Ovrirat Morcraa Block.
t TWTnAfTfllW AND
fm lur Ivmk Tvna Writer. Two
toora north of 1'oetotuoe.
C. E. KIXDT,
Room i No. 8, Portland Mavintra Bank
Bnildintf, ground and WaabiUKton btrdeta.
J. W. MF.lt HILL,
TT( HtX EY-AT-LA V,
Orrtnas over Oreei'a Grocery Mture, on
TIIOM. D. Ill M I'll KEVH.
OOXVEYAXt INO AXI
A11STIIA(TIN( f)K TITIJX.
Leual paiiera drawn and Loan a on Real
titate negotiated. Buameaa attended to
with promitueaa and diartntcb.
Orrica: Main Street, opptmite the Conrt
FOr. EST GROVE. OREGON,
la now maklnu teeth for t.'i.OO and
per at 1 1 lieal of runterial and woi kniMiiabip.
Will eomnare with aeta ooatiiitf . Teeth
extracted witUont pain. rilluiKa at tue
lieeeat prioca. All work warranted.
Orrwat three d nira north of Brick
tore. Oltloe boura from a. m. to 4 p. in.
' A. L. STRODE,
JJEPUTY COUNTY SUItNTYOH
Orrica! with J. C. Hall. Connty Hur-
veyor, at the Conrt Rocaa.
. HILLHUOKO. OKEOON.
AU kinda of reiMiirina on Ktoain Enffinea
and Hoilere, Mill Work.TbreahinMacbinea
Mowera, F'eed Cnttea, Hewinir Jdncbmea,
Waahlim Machinea. Wriuuera, Vnmpa,
Mcalea, Hclaaora gronnd, Guu and Lock
amithina, Hawa gronnd and tiled; and have
a lartie number of aeoond-hand ensinea and
boiler for aale. All work warranted.
. T. I.INKHTEK, M. It. ('. M.
IHYSK IAX AXI) SUIUJKOX,
.". IIILLHB0RO, OREGON.
i ll,il.lw.. Il,.tn.. Itaat.
rkncb! .eaat of Court House. Oflioa honr
frmn a. in. to p. in. at Pbannacy, when
uol v4sitinpi before and after tbnt time at
. I). HOOD, M. I).,
piIYSICIAX AXI) SURGEON,
HILLHUOKO, OREGON. .
Orrica: in Clienette Row. Ka inuica:
corner Fuat and Main atreeta.
J. P. TAXIE.HIE, M. It.,
P. It. II. SURGEON,
Ornoa amd Kaainaaca i corner Third
and Main htreeta. Otlire honr. to I J
a. m., 1 to A and Tin Hp. iu. Telepboue to
reaidenoe from Brock i. Hel' Drnnntore at
all. h.mr. All ealia promptly al tended
ui'iibl or day. -
P. a. BAILBT, M. D.
P. I. BAILII, B. a . M. D.
DKS. F. A.A I". J. B1II.ET.
1HYSH IAXS, SURGEONS AXI)
Orrt. : in Pharuiacv. t'nion Block. Calla
attended to. nmhl or day. Iieilinne, H. W.
Cot. Baa Line and Second rtreeta.
W. II. RITKKK,
1JEAL KSTATE AGENT
AND MONEY LOAXER
OFFERS TO THE ITHLIC. Landa la
laree or aroall tracta, and will ercbanee
lauda in the oonntrv for I in or city prop
ertv; in fact. If yon have anything toei
rhanite. In any locality, a e me.
WAGON ASP WHEELYRI5HT SHOP.
t . ".
I have 0ned a aliop for
the repair of
f ARRIAKFS, Bl MiIF.S AD WA(i0XH
and all kirxla of wmal aork.
MTISf ACTION CUiltatlH.
Shop at Gardner! M ataixl, half block
auulh of Greer'a (tore.
X-e. XV. XXOX7B9Z3.
HlU.aoao .... oRtncr.
An IntervKtino; illseuti(in ha
sprung up in Englum! ovir the iuit-
tion of minor' wage. Prominent
Engll.ih JournaN having mmle the
charge that the coll ivrt were threat
ened with starvation wage ahuuh
the employers win the content now
In progreM, the latter having ub-
Diitteil ilaliorate neheduh-t whi
make It appear that the llritish col
lier enjoys a w age of nearly '2
week. I nrortunately for tli em
ployers' contention, abundant evi
dence has been produced to prove
that the net earnings of the miner
are not more than from 12 to 13 shil
lings a week. The deception prac
ticed by the mine owners was in
suppre-Klng the fat that the men
they alleged were paying 2 a w wk
had to pay helpers and were subject
to a HyHtem of discontinued .allow
ances, something in the nature of
Hues. It Is well to keep these facta
In mind, for on previous occasions in
this country efforts have lieen made
to minimize the force of protection
argument! by ut temps to show that
the English worklngman was as well
paid. If not U'tlcr, than his fellow
American. Hut the fuels are agninst
the assertion, and they will bo pro
duced in abundance if the contro
versy is renewed in the United
A correspondent of the 'Chronicle,'
writing from San Jose, Mexico,
stutcs that train loads of Chinamen
are run Into the United States from
tlio ulster republic ucrosa the Rio
Grande, near El Paso. The fact that
Chinamen are evading the law in
this fashion has been known for
some time, but It is doubted w bother
the American jieople understood
thut the failure of the United States
to enforce this iivculhtr law is "a
source of amusement to intelligent
Mexicans, who argue that a country
that cannot compel oliedience to its
laws can have no real strength." We
are sorry thut our neighbors are able
to muke game of us In this fashion,
but they will probably discover In
time that the failure to enforce a law
Is, In a great republic like the United
States, oftenor the result ofindlfTer
ence than n lack of strength. Some
lny the American eMple will woke
up to the danger of jsriullling a
non-assiuiiluting element to plant
itself in our midst. Then the law
will Ik? enforced with a vigor w hich
w ill surpriso and we hoe please our
That staunch champion of free
trade, Tlte Ronton Herald,' advises
the democratic party to go slow, and
quotes some remarks of Sir Robert
Peel relative to his own action In a
similar crisis, lint Sir Robert Peel
did not go into office asserting that
every itoii benefiting by protec
tion was a thief and a robber lron.
He could therefore consistently pro
ceed with caution. The case is dif
ferent with Mr. Cleveland. He was
elected on a distinct, promise to
certain misled s?rsons that he would
immediately urge the abolition of all
protective duties, because their Ini
(Mjwition worke 1 a great injury to the
masses, and only benefited a rela
tively small number of manufactur
eres, who were denounced as robber
barons by Mr. Cleveland's followers.
If Mr. Cleveland and those .who ad
vocated his election spoke the truth
during the last campaign the robber
baron should be suppressed at once.
If they lied, then the liars should be
The la and Oat ef It.
"What's your congressman doing
"He's a-drawin' of his salary."
"Yes; he's n-blowin'of it In." At
it AIL WA Y riiiK TABLE.
EAST AND SOUTH . .
THE SHASTA ROUTE
SOUTHERN PAC. CO.
ExrasM Tatisa La.vs Pobtdibd Dam:
G:1A PM L
Portland Ar I S:2l)aa
10 lit 4 M Ar
Han Francisco Lv 7M)m
Above traiua atop at all nations front
Portland to Albany i alao at Tangent.
Hbedda, Halaey, Harriabnrfl, Junction City.
Irvica, Enitene. and all atatiooa f root Koae
bora to Aabland, tncloaive.
KOHEBCKQ MAIL DAILY t
; k it
6:M) p M
DIMrtfl CAR 0X OGDEX KOI TE.
PULLMAN CUFFET SLEEPERS
9efa4-Class Mleeptag Cars
Arrtcnio to All Taiocoa Tatnia.
West Side Diviaioo.
BETWEEN PORTLAND A COlVALLIS
Mail Train Daily (Exorpt Banday).
7:30 a m Lv Portland Ar Jta p a
Mia Lv Hillahnro Lv t:ia
I:I5 p Ar CorvallBt Lv Hit ra
4TAt Albany and Corvallis aonnert vritk
trains of the Oregon Pacific Railroad.
Expreaa Train Daily, (Eioept ftonday ,
40 pa Lv Portland Kt S:Tii
ropM Lv Hiilaboro Lv 7:13 a
t3ra ti McMinavillo Lv Wi
THKOrOH TICKETS to sit aoiaU la the
Eaatera blaMa, Canada and Europe, can be
obtained at tovreat rate f rota t. 4. Moraaa.
E. I. ROGERS,
B. KOETILER, Aaat. G. F. P. AV
Maaatrer, Portland. B4-4
IRON THE WORLD'S Ft IK.
8ueeial tu the Isnarasprsr.
Having eliarisnsl my pencil and
seated myself t the oflice talle of
my hotel In order to. write you a
promised, I ilnd myself almost averse
to the expenditure of the energy nec
essary, us on is-rusing your paper
on my Journey hither, I found that
Mr. Kindt had commenced a very
interesting account ol his olerva
tlons here at the world's fair. So
many, too, have preceded me on this
tour from your county, that the
sights and doings of this great expo
sition are becoming quite familiar to
your citizens. Consequently I feel
that, though I promised to note
down for the is nellt of your readers
any items of interest which I might
deem, as such, I should not attempt
anything like tt general description
of the fair Itself. Your readers w ill
find all such information in Mr
Kindt's letters, I presume from the
sample I have read. So very much
of interest is to Ik seen that it is dif
ficult to select those things most like
ly to Is- of Interest to all. I shall,
therefore, confine myself to a rough
sketch of my journey hither and the
giving of a few Impressions of oli
ser vat ions here at the great fair.
Ily the time this is in print It will
Is) an old story to your readers, but
on .Saturday evening, or mo Tin,
when I left Portland it was raining at
Oregon's tstst gait and had been doing
so far a day previously. This con
tinued all night and most of Sunday
as our train passed ft h rough Eastern
Oregon. At Pendleton our engine
got oft the rails and had to Is)
"frogged" and hauled onto Its proper
track. A I suit the region of Hunt-
ington, the eastern boundary of
Oregon, the rain ceased. Through
Idaho the country seemed to Ik com
ing dryer as we sjasl on our way.
Next morning our train was hadcd
for Ogdeu instead of the direct route,
via. Granger. Here the weather was
very warm and dust was Invariably
seen floating In the wnke of vehicles.
Irrigation seemed to ls well In
general osration in the fertilo val
ley through which we passed. At
Ogdcn 1 left the train and paid a
visit to Salt Ijtke City. Here I vis
ited the tats-rnacle, grand new tem
ple of the latter day saints.
Of this visit 1 ahull prolstbly have
more to say iu your city If I deliver
a lecture which has Imsmi reijusted of
me, Next two days were occuphsl
in the rest of the journey to the great
e.Ksition, where I arrived on
Thursday morning. As we netired
Chicago, It was evident by the num
bers, conversation, etc., of the pas
sengers, that the fair was the great
goal In view. '
In the city itself, one could not
help U'ing surprised at the enormous
number of people thronging toward
certain objective, points, from which
transit to the fair, was had. Street
cars too, In trains of three each were
overcrowded and hung on to by
people eager for the fair. Arriving
there, one is struck w ith the grand
and fairy like apfsnrance presented
by so many huge buildings, of a
white, marble appearance, terminat
ing in lenutirul domes or spires.
Lagoons on which electric launches
and the boats of gondoliers dart hith-
r and thither underneath crowded
bridges, give nn entire change to the
The whole area of the fair is so
large and the number of great build
ings so confusing at first, that it is
well to have a general grasp of the
fair and its auxiliary, the Midway
Plaisance as a whole. This can best
be obtained by making an ascent on
the great Ferris w heel. I-t us go to
it. Here it stands, it ponderous,
slowly moving monument of engin
eering skill. It is really a double
wheel having cars as big as street
can hung as numerously as sissible
between . the outer rims of each
wheel, no that looking at the great
wheel In front you chiefly see a great
number of cars ascending and de
scending with their long sides to
wards you. The cars are provided
with a grating of iron to secure pro
tection against accidents and suicides,
and are panelled with glass In order
to allow the inmates to see around
them. We purchase a ticket and
take a seat in a car. Up we go. The
great white city is displaying Itself
In all Its glory before us. Thousands
of people are seen thronging Its
streets. Flogs are gracefully waving
from its many spires and flag-staffs,
electric launches and the lioats of the
gondoliers are giving vitality to Its
lagoons, and the great lake expands
Itself before us dotted with numerous
small craft In the vicinity of the
white city. As we ascend higher we
can distinguish the greater building-.
individually. Farthest awsy to our
right Is the stock pavilion, forestry,
leather, anthropological and Krupp
erections, and building of the Con
vent Ia Rabida, opposite the pier
are the agricultural and machinery
buildings. The high domed admin
istration building stands to the left
of these, opposite the basin In which
Is the great statue of the republic.
Immediately to the north are the
great buildings of manufactures, elec
tricity and mines, with the pink
colored building of transmutation
nearer us. Mill more to our left (or
north) are the government building,
the fishery exhibit, horticultural with
its great gla-s dome, and the worn
ens' building. These are opposite us
or directly between us and the
lake. For the reader, must under
stand that, Ising on the Midway
Plaisance, we tue entirely out of the
fair ground proier, and that the
Midway Is not a locality la the mid
dle of the buildings, but is a space of
ground a mile long and nearly a
quarter of a mile wide, with its long
end set at right angles to the fair
ground. In the middle of this we
are on the Ferris wheel and nt the
highest istlnt of its revolution. The
people thronging In the Midway un
flernenth us are mere pigmies. It is
almost amusing to note thut to us
they seem having more legs than
anything else. The houses all around
us seem far Mow us, and we can
look down ujkiii the many colored
and hIuijksI spires and domes of the
buildings of the several nationalities
In the Midway, as well as Into the
streets ami courts of the villages
therein. We look down uon the
axle of our w heel. It looks as small
and fur away from alsive its it does
from the ground. Yet It weighs
seventy tons. Again we look up and
down the Midway and note the great
variety of buildings from the willow
huts of the Java folks and Dahomey
tins to the pagoda shaped spires of
the Chinese, and tall round tower of
the Turks, to the queer tower of the
lllarney Cstle in the Irish village.
Truly we are in a veritably cosmo
lolitan small area of the world. To
our left, down in the exhibition
ground projier, are the various state
buildings and those. erected by for
We alight from our arlal revolu
tion and visit these, but shall not
trouble your readers Just now with
what Is to lie seen. Hitherto our
feeling has been almost one of soli
tude having seen no one we knew
except Mrs. Uradley, the mother of
tho late telegraph ojierator at Corne
lius, for a moment or two in a crowd
in one of the state buildings. This
solitude in the multitude, will, how
ever, lie remedied in a tiny or two
by the meeting of friends byapKiint
sclent.' y the way, The IntE'
pendent Is at hand, and I may say
that If your typesetter had inserted
the wonl "reiortcr," as written by
me instead of "repute" In that short
letter I wrote you from Pendleton,
it would have read correctly.
S. T. Link later.
(OMITLSOKI PAPER MONEY.
The proposal to return to the old
plan of pajs-r money and state bunk
ing brings to mind the pajier money
scheme of Rhode Island.
In the year 1770 Rhode Island
tried that experiment to her heart's
content. The historian (McMastcr's
History of the People of the United
States) tills us that "in thecoursof
the debate which preceded the as
sage of the pHs r bill in the legisla
ture, it was noticed that the speak
ers on the amrmatlve were invari
ably from the country districts, and
the debaters on the negative as in
variably from the rich seaboard
towns. Xewort, Providence, Uris
tot, Westerly, each sent up men
trained in the great school of com
merce and trade, familiar with all
questions of finance. Hut
no argument which they could ad
vance could turn the votes of men
who had come up for the express
purpose of abolishing taxes, suspend
ing the excise, and emitting a cur
rency which was, in their Isiief, to
flow Into their fss kcts much foster
than it could istwihly flow out."
"A call was made for a forcing act,
which the legislature quickly passed.
Every one w ho should, according
to this act, refuse to take tho bills in
payment for gold, or should in any
way discourage their circulation, was
to be fined (100 and lose the rights
of a freeman."
"The effect of the law was to make
worse the matter It was designed to
mend. The merchants denounced It as
Iniquitous, and declared they would
not submit to so wicked an act. In
deed, they refused almost to a man, to
make any sales. The traders fol
lowed their example and closed their
shops or disposed of their stock by
barter. For a time business was at
an end, and money almost ceased to
circulate except among the support
ers of the hank. Rent was paid In
grain; nor was it by any means, in
some towns, a rare thing to see cob
blers exchanging shwa for meat and
shopkeeisTs taking cords of wood
for yards of linen."
It is said that Cleveland speaks
In the highest terms of praise of the
republicans in both branches of con
gress. This shows that he has a
more lively appreciation of the re
publicans' public spirit and devotion
to sound finances than the leaders of
his party in congress have. The ad
ministration democrat In the senate
seldom consults the republicans in
regard to plans for conducting the
campaign for repeal.
WHO MILL HI THE TAXES.
Already that part of the owners of
"intangible" property in Oregon,
whoproMj that other people shall
pay their taxes, through a subsidized
pres-i, have cotuiui'iiced the cry for
the exemption of all credits from
taxation; bolstering up this demand
with the argument that assessors,
without prying Into Hsples' busi
ness, are unable to find the notes and
accounts since the repeal of the law
for deduction of indebtedness and the
mortgage tax law. Well, who Is
more responsible than this same press
for that repeal? These two laws en
abled the assKsor, if ho honestly en
deavored to discharge his duty, to
find the credits liable to taxation, re
gardless of the attempts of the owners
of the same by prevarication and
bore-faced perjury, to escas3 their
Just share of taxation. In fact, al
though the advocates for non-taxation
of credits, bold that men generally
will commit S'rjury to save a few
dollars iu taxes, and judging from
the assessment mils returntsl for 1893
there appears to l some ground for
the statement, wo find thut such
evideiicisi of dihonesty ore of rare
occurrence when there is great dan
ger of detect ion. Itisalsotruo that
many of these tax dodgers have e
cassl, through the ignorance, neg
lect, and in some cases collusion,
w ith assessors. Rut the danger of
detect ion and exposure and dread of
punishment has hindered many from
making false return while these laws
so unwisely repealed were In force.
The fact is they were a guard against
dishonest evasions, and the injurious
effects of their repeal were pointed
out by many, and no one was more
fully aware of its contequences than
these saints tox-d sixers. Even they,
with all their selfishness, would like
to lie nble to look the assessor square
ly in the face when swearing to their
returns; lssldt s, there is a possibility,
though remote, that a criminal prose
cution might follow their evasions.
Their frantic opteal in this dilema,
"that the law taxing credits should
be repealed, to save' them from com
mitting perjury," possibly, deserves
our spmpathy; and since the repeal
of these provisions .of tho assessment
law, that in s ime measure uncovered
their dishonesty, the return of credits
on tho .osMtBsment roll . answers no
other purpose than to indicate either
the dishonesty or poverty of our
counties, it may be Is-tter to submit
to their demands. If no remedy
tan be found for their disgraceful
evasions, ami let the "tangible" prop
erty alone apear upon tho roll.
The.se is-rsons want to comply with
the law if that compliance costs them
nothing, and I have the fullest confi
dence mat ir me law is amended so
that it w ill cost them nothing to com
piy wan it, there win Ik no more
evasions, Isrouse there w ill lie noth
ing to gain by them.
In looking over the assessment of
one of the richest although not the
largest counties of this state, as the
same is given in its county paS'r,
one must conclude that the creditor
cluss are deserving of synitliy. The
assessment returned to tho equaliza
tion Isiard of the county amounts to
W,480,njil; the notes and accounts to
I,(;ii:l. Of all the counties in the
state tliis one takes the prize for pros
perity or s-rjury, and it is hard tell
ing w hich horn to hang it on. The
indebtedness claimed in this county
last year was (soo.OOO. I have
not Is-fore me the assessment
of money, notes and accounts
in that comity for 1802, but It
Is reasonable to suppose that it was
not far from tho amount claimed as
indebtedness. If the returns of the
present year are correct, the financial
situation of this county must be a
Xo. 1; as they would Indicate A pay
ment of debts since last assessment,
to the amount of at least 1750,000.
nut it is much more probable, that,
instead of this Ising the fact, the
truth of the mutter is that at least a
a half million dollars of notes and
accounts have not been listed for tax
ation. If, in other counties in the
state, the failures to list have been
In the same proportion, the loss will
be several millions; and the deficien
cy must I si and really is made up by
additional taxation on persons hold
ing real estate, and especially those
who arc in debt, and have been pre
vented by the change in the law
from taking out their indebtedness.
It was contended, by the advocates
for the change made by last legis
lature, that the Increase in the assess
ment would make no difference In
the amounts to lie paid by the in
dividual taxpayer, and" occasionally I
have found srsons w ho were weak
enough to believe it. The probabili
ties are that such person will under
stand the matter by the time they
ettle their taxes on the present tax
roll. That the sr rentage levied
may not Is? higher I will admit, bat
it is p huts I on the property of a dif
ferent class of taxpayers; the creditor
class is relieved from taxation, and
the debtor class is charged with the
full amount of this relief In addition
to w hat it should pay. The taxes
necessary to run the state, county
and municipal government, and the
school and road districts will not be
decreased, but a different class w ill
sty theui. One-fourth at least of the
property of the state will escae tax
ation, and that the most productive,
and that property so escaping Is held
by parties who, to say the least,
have escaped taxatiou by dishonest
evasions; and honest taxpayers must
make up the deficiency. This bears
especially hard upon the debtor class,
who are already driven to the wall
by the flnaucla! troubles under which
the country Is now suffering. This
class under the present arrangement
will pay taxes in Washington county
on an inoreastsl assessment or at
least l,500,oN) and In Just so
much is the creditor class released
from taxation, even if they have
honestly listed their notes and
accounts; and when from the assess
ment roll it is notorious thut the
notes secured by mortgaged and un
secured and accounts are short by at
least $1,000,000, It is itinfully clear
where the additional burden of taxa
tion falls, and how much that class
of tax iiayers, who most nets I probe-
tlon, have been wronged by the
changes made In our assessment laws
by the lost legislature.
The question now to be considered
by the people of this state is how
this matter can be righted. Already
the declaration lias lieen made by
these, pajters, that to complete their
work all laws for the taxation of
credits must be eliminated from the
statute books, and that the debtor
must bear the burthen placed upon
him by a millionaire executive, a
subsidized press and a subservient
legislature that weakly submitted to
the "howl for a a change" without
knowing what change was needed,
and Its effect when made.
The election of a legislature next
June whose efforts will be used to
enact legislation In the Interest of all
classes of the people and especially
that class who are suffering under a
load of debts, low prices for groin and
farm products, low prices for labor,
and Indeed low prices for everything
except money, Is the only way to
right the wrong. Ix.-t it be fully un
derstood that this question will l
felt In the next election, that men
will bo supported for law-makers,
who will make laws In the interest
of the people. In the convention of
the various . parties let the voters
stKak; and let them that no man Is
placed upon the legislative tickets
w ho will not pledge himself to vote
for the re-enactment with projs-r
amendments of the assessment laws
so recklessly repealed. Amendments
that will declare that all prosrty
"tangible" and "Intangible" shall lie
listed to the assessor, and that taxa
tion shall be In proportion to what
the person taxed may be worth. If
men are, after efforts to prevent,
nominated, who can not be trusted
in this mutter, the voter has a final
remedy defeat their election nt the
Klls, if a man can e found on any
ticket that can he relied usn to leg
islate in the interest of the ssple.
Let it be set tied once and forall wheth
er the most pnsluctive pros-rty of
the state shall escape its equal share
of the burden of its protection, or
whether a man shall sy ttxes on
his debts, and whether the owners of
the farms In the country and home
steads In the cities and towns the
lalsir producing part of the com
munity shall bear all the burdens of
taxation. Tho voters of the state
have the remedy in their hands, and
much mistake the public senti
ment if it is not heroically applied
at the first opportunity.
Home of the California democratic
papers are saying harsh tilings of the
S. F. Chronicle' because thut pasr
criticises Mr. Clevelund for a pi mint
ing Van Allen to the Italian minis
try. This is the way that pucr
evens up on them:
"Some of our democratic contem
poraries are finding fault because we
express the opinion that a man like
Yan Alen, almost an alien, w hose
only claim on the democratic party
is a campaign contribution of frslioo,
should have been selected by Cleve
land to represent the United Stab-s
at the court of Italy. They should
spare us their censures and devvle
them to the 'New York World' and
our local democratic contemporary,
'Examiner,' both of which pajsrs
ae lighting up the matter with a
teal which must fill with joy every
American who objects to seeing his
country misrepresented abroad."
It was the first sho had ever baked
and she said proudly:
"Don't you think I could go Into
the bread business?"
"My dear," answered her huslstnd
gently, "if they sold bread by weight
you'd make your fortune." Ex
change. Oregon did not have a costly state
building at the fair but her exhibits
got there just the same! Washing
ton with all her boosted advantage
was not in it w hen it came to a show
down. Tillamook Headlight.
THE IMIIKOIiLlO 1.1 UKAZIL.
The revolutionary conflict at Rio
Janeiro has now wagtsi with vary
itig phases for several weeks. Tho
rebels ugulnst the Pelxoto govern
inent have not yet succeeded la over
throw ing it, though the result may
l achieved at any time. It U, per
haps, difficult for American not
particularly concerned aliout South
American affairs to get up any great
Interest in the result, at least as to the
is rsonnel of the combatants and con
testants. If the struggle had taken
the form of an attempt to reinstate
the lms rlal governmment It might
have Us'ii different. As a republican
notion we would naturally be in
clined to view with disfavor any
movement hsiklng to the restoration
of a monarch on the Awricnn conti
nent. Somehow we have come to
consider Isith North and South
America as the heritage of free,
democratic institutions. There was
a rumor when the Mcllo uprising
begun that the rebellion was in the
Interest of the Imperial family. Rut
nothing has occurred since to warrant
giving credence to the story. It may
Is- set down as certain that the civil
war Is simply an uprising of the re
publican faction , against another,
after the fashion of the Hjnih
American states. It would not come
with gisal grace for Americans to
say that such struggles tend to weak,
en faith In our form of government.
It Is not so long since we hud our
own unpiensiintncss on a gigantic
scale. Rut the apparently trivial
revolutions and rcMlions which so
often break out in the Lntln-Anieri-can
republics hud to the suggestion
that there is a wide difference be
tween republican government which
have been evolved through the course
of history and those which spring
into being with only paper constitu
tions. There is ono phase of Rntiiltan
imbroglio which merits special at
tention. We refer to the repeated
accounts of foreign diplomatic Inter
ference at Rio. Tlds, it seems to us,
should 1st discouraged by our govern
incut and by the public opinion of
the world. There may be Instances
where resident representatives of
foreign nations In a city where civil
war is prevailing should Interpose
in tho interest of humanltyto pre
vent unnecessary, blood shed and
violence. Rut this Is quite another
thing from attempts of diplomatic
agents to shnpo political events.
When a nation is in the throes of
civil war it. should bo allowed to
work out Its own salvation. 8an
(JOOD TKAMSLATOK! MCABCI.
A coniM'tltion in translations was
held not long ago for prizes offered
by the P.rcntanos, the Xew York
booksellers and publishers. The
outcome of the competition was de
cidedly unsatisfactory. Most of the
translations sent in were from the
German. The lt French writers
of short stories were badly represent
ed, ami nothing taken from Italian
or Spanish originals proved avail
able. The only prixe awardedap
parently It was intended originally
to give several was won by Miss C
S. CoiK'land, of Spurkill, X. Y her
translations being made from several
of Paul lieyse's short stories.
Whether Is-cuuse of Ignorance or
inadvertence many of the competit
ors selected predictions which had
Iss'ii translated already, and which,
therefore, had Iss-n barred out. But
the most common as well as the most
serious obstacle to success proved to
lie tho inability of the translators to
make a prois-r use of English. It
was clear that most of them could
read the original French, German or
other foreign language with com par
alive fluency, but they were Incom
petent to imitate the Kculiurities of
the styles of the foreign authors or to
indicate shades of meaning by fitting
selections of English terms. What
sometimes and with a certain propri
ety has Is-en termed the "atmos
phere" of the original they almost
wholly failed to reproduce.
Probably the only practicable
method of obtaining good transla
tions Is to iay enough for them to
make It worth the while of really
accomplished literary people, who
also are scholars of some degree, to
give their time to such work. There
are men and women who are experts
in one or more foreign tongues as
well as in English, and w ho also art)
so familiar w ith this or that foreign
author as to have absorbed some
thing of his very manner of thought
ami expression. These by taking
sufficient pains usually succeed la
rendering into English much of the
extemnl flavor, and even of the Inner
spirit, of the writings of foreign au
thors. Rut such possible translators
seldom enter competitions, although
the holding of such a competition
was a gss plan, and might have
been exsrts fairly to develop some
hitherto unisrcelvcd ability. Cod
A man-eating shark watraugnt at
the mouth of the Columbia lit week.
It was a young thing and only three