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About Hillsboro independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 189?-1932 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 4, 1893)
a" "W A
MOP-MEN. ATTENTION I
QOOO JOaVPISINTINa I
taraf.ala e-aarwevtaa, eaa) !
44. -ortl t out.
IIII.I.SBORO, WASHINGTON' COUNTY, OREGON. FRIDAY, AUGUST 4. l.vj;i.
U..iiTnir Svl, (, ruiior
fvs-ri-tur,' ol Milt dm Mobride
lr-uUleC I'bllllp Mt'wtilrn
iuu r.. 12. McKlroy
Isiaie Fnuur Frank -' Baker
i . W.C.I ord
SHn.ia.e f'uQtt .- K sj. Mao
Jud.-a r iflb Diatriil ... I. A AluHrlde
Aii tiwr ifib Jiatrn-t W. N. lsarr.il
J u Jga
1 rtmam 1 r ....
Aaasor .... . . . .
.-Mirv, vr . ....
'-iriiiifP. . . .
. . . K. t'rsudall
L. M. htuir
I U. I odd
li. b. O.xxiiu
It K lord
I S. Wealbrlrd
I', t. Ih-ii buiKn
J. 11. Sinulry
. ..J. I'.Jtlall
. D. Wood
t'llV OFF ICKlU-i.
I J. u
Merit man, I'lr
J. t . Hare
irl tf uti !
N. 1. UnrritU
Kr04rvtr . ..
U. W. I'atteraon
. . . .Thna. hinrick
. . Wiu. il.xnlUii
J. 1. kuigiit
nisi ohick iMOKUno.N.
I li mnila cIlnw Hi HilNtxiro l'ot
( llti-H', dull:
ili-iier, WrPt L'nivn, Hf(Lnn and (Vdur
Mill, nt II. Al . in.
(iiiiiitf Kinih. d M a pi.
tnnnn U Portland and wajr ortioea, ll .Vi a.
lu. and 4 p. lu.
l-ur I NriuiiiKtun and Laarrl. Wrdnendav
and SuturdKva at I0::hj a. m.
DKKUON I'lTV LAND OFKK'K.
.1 . I. A'pirmn
riltUCH AND SOCIETY hOlICiUS.
A. K. tad A. M.
flM'AI.I I Y I.OiKlK NO. 6. A. I'.iA. M..
1 iui til uTiri riatcrdav uiMht uu ur aftrr
full u.o o "t aaub uioulli.
Jk. A. iMuril, Maatrr.
It. CaiNiiii-L. ba'j.
IUii.MX LODGK, NO. 3. K. fK V.,
1 uitwta in Odd r allow' Hall on MondaT
rvoniuu of aacb wk. tijoarDiutf bmtbraa
wi-li-ouied to lod( niMtluiia.
N. A. HmTT. C.C.
illkMtM k'Hi'LMau , k. of it. A H.
I. U. U. I
MONTEZl'MA LODGE, NO. 60. uiaota
W dnd afanuitia at o'clock, in I D.
r . Hull. V laitora mad wpIooiu
JOrt. KLlNtM AN. S. .
!. II (HK)M.S, Koo.
I M. C. 1UH.T. far. rieo.
A. u. . A.
tofKI' TIALAM.N NO. TaM. A. OF.
of A., meat ry Toaaday rTeninx in
OrxiikiM Hall al o'clock.
L. A. W wiTcoxa, ' K.
W W. McRiNNtT. K. 8.
A. O. 1. M .
II 1M.SIUIKO I'OIHIB NO. CI. A. O. V.
L lurnia frT aoaond and fourtb
'1 u.-hUt i vrmuv in It)" uiotilb.
H. H. !N. M. W.
W. K. liatMn, Kooordar.
ourlb Iridaya of each mouth.
M. H. Ili'MmiiTi, ('.
I'. II. r.aaubman, S ribe.
l. tr h.
iid and 4tb Satardayaof eacb tnoiuli.
Mru. honoriKUK, Jinw,
ANNia laaaia, rwo.
. P. h. ('. K.
MKK1S rrrrr 8oiidae-Dingat 7 o'clock i
in lb bnatlan clmroli. ou aiei
cirdially invitrd to attend it nntiiiv.
Hbmtoii ItowMtN, I'rrat. I
' AStll.NOrOS COL' MY KOU AND,
Ouu 'lub lueata in Morgan ltli 1
i-vrrr aeHiid IhnradaT of aarb. niotilb, t " I
,. y J. t. 1-ONO. I
4. A.M. KOl'NDKY. Hw. 1
HI K'H. Hundat Sb.ail at
10 a. hi; prayur meetuia IburaunT e u-
viMiimiAllONAL 4'HCKCH. oorner
V. , Main and Filtb atresia. I'reauhinu
,vefy Snlibatb, niorninit and aeniu. Hnb,
.:iiu s-b.l al ID o'clock a. iu. Prayer
mwiiu I bnradaT evening. Y. 1'. S. ('. K.
hnii'tay at ('. to p. ni.
IsiK.Sf i'hriatian Cbnrcb. A. B. Wade,
4 pastor, llHaeliu aud Fifth, rreaobing
fss,nd and Fourth Hnndava at 11 a.m. and
T HI p.m. WmidaT School. 10 a. tu. I'rsy
er ineelinif, Ibnraday, 710 p. in. Y. Y. S
l... Suud.iy. CUW p. m.
1 K. CHIKCH. H. K. Elworth. paator.
ill al'reachinuaTery Sabbath tunruins aud
10 a. y.
4 p. III.
rvnliiiath achool Ter habbalb at
l,eana meeting ety Honday Ml
(klinral )raer meeting eery
I l.iirs-lae evtBinii.
ladi-r and huiward a
tbeaeooud l ueaday eeningof eaob
I svanOKMCAL CHl'WH. .Semcasi
l'j lat mid '-d r-undaT in aaoh immth at
tlie Hs lit cburob at t o'cliiek r. al., KeT.
Mr. i'rait. pastor. Monday Mi-hoo at '1 r.
u. t'otlaga prater meeting ou W ednesday
rv-lilllg of each week.
I I II.iTmiOKO KF.ADINO KOOM, Her
J 1 i.n.l airei-t, in old Maaonie ball, w
M n daily fr-Mii a. ru. tos p. tu. Hundnya,
In. 1. 1 U iu. to ft p. iu
7. R. CORNELIUS
UFA! Fit IN
Drt) Goods, Groceries, Hoots,
Shoes, Hats, Caps,
Ap'tiU for the
'IVS AND HAUP.OWS
The Ut in the market.
OF Al l. KINIm
Taken at the Highest Market Triis?.
KliiiiOXS AXD ...
. . . CARB0. PAPER
IND CPS NDINT OrPICfi
I' IU ) K KSh ION A L CAUDtt.
a. mtiittt, l. i
BtliKI l f ADAMS,
On. I'autrai biook, Kootu S to J I.
. U. HlST0,
ANI Noi'AKY PIBLIC.
u v: K.ui No S, 1'nioa ttlook.
THOU S II. 10.Mil E,
()Mi a: M.irynu Hl.M-k.
Afnti for Kar lk Tp Wnlcr.
doom nurib of i'utul)io.
( . K. klMT,
Y TT( MIX K Y. AT- LA V,
K.m.m : No. :t, Port laud Havinita Batik
Xuildintt, Sroond and WaMbiORtou Mreeta.
1IIOS. I. Ill MI'HKKVH.
v AIlSTItA(TINfl 1F TITI.FX
LKal papnra drawu and Ixjaua oo Kaal
KhikIx ii-uoIihih1. Biiainraa atlondcd to
witb rouiplDa and diaatcb.
(Irmi Main Nlrwet, oppoaita Uiai'oort
KOI'.Khr O;o I . OKKOON.
la unw tuakiim trtb for fVOO and
iwr al : heat of nialsrial and soikiuanabip.
S ill couiuara witb aeti ooatlns larlb
vtraotHl witbout pain, rlliintf at tba
lowrat prior. All ork wtrrautod.
Oiri. : tbree doora uorth of Btu k
I alotv. Offloa boura f rom U a. ut. to 4 p. tn.
A. L. M KODF.,
J)i:ri TY COUNTY M'UVKYOU
(Illli I : llb J. ('.
vrvor, at tba Conrt Hosi
Hall, Coanlv Mur-
W .M. BK.XSOK.
JiUM TICAI. MACHINIST,
All kinda of rriiairing on Staui
and IVnlKra, Mill Work, I brvabin
Mower. Kml Cnttvr
Va-ibiiii( Machine, Wrinirera. rampa,
HcaIm, Soiaaora ground. Oun and Ijooka
auiiihinu. haw urouna and nlnl: and bar
it I arte lunulx-r of at-oondband anuina and I
!ilrni tor nl. Ail work warranted.
S. T. I lkl.TER, .V. U. t . H.
J Ml YS I CI AN ANI SlHOKON,
Oirica: in Hillln. I'haruiaer. Kaai
I ntsca: rsat of Court Honw. I lllioa hour
1 from ! a. tu. to p. iu. at I'haruiai'T, when
! ml viailinu: isiforr and afb-r tbat time at
W. I. W00l, M.
J1I YsK'IAN A N 1 SLIKJKOX,
HII.I.SIM)K ), OKKOON.
Orrn r: iu Ch( l.nOe iwiw.
corner Firal and Mnm atreet.
V. A. IIAII.KY, M. IK,
pilYsIl IAN A'l)SLHOi:oN,
Oirua- I'tnon Block. Main tilreet,
Kooiu No. 2. firal floor F'harniaoe. Oflioa
Lours. s-,u) tn 11 a. di. and I to 6 p. m.
I l.SOX BOW LBV.
1 AN1 .UXXilCHF.UK,
FoKKSr OKOVK, OKKOON.
( irrica : at the Drugstore.
It. II. KKkfrt,
I XT AT K AOKNT
AN II MtiMIY I-OANKH
OFFFItS TO THIS ll"rlLir. Land in
large or aroail tract, and will ercbarg
iaoda in tba eountry for town or eily prop
en.; in fact. If yoa bkTa anything to ai
ohauge, tn any locality, me.
J. t. TAMII.MF, V. II.,
P. K. K. SUIUIKON,
Omci i Ktaiixaci : eornar Third
and Main htreeta. Ornca hour. (KM to 11
a. tu., 1 to & and 7 to & p. m. Telepbou to
reaidono fnira Hmck A He I a' Drugstore at
all boura. All call promptly attended,
mgbt or day.
Trans' ta a .rnerl Banking? Business.
4. W. SHl'TK
t. D. MFKKYMAN
. Vki TiniDiit
:sella aigbt Kicbange and Telegrapbi
Tranefera. and iaaoea Letter ol Credit 1
aeaiiabla throughout tba I niled btataav ;
Draw Mills of Kicbange on !.ondoa,
Liveepool. Dublin. Fan, herlm. Frankfort-1
on the-Main. Htookholm, aad all principal
eitiea of Karopo. j
Oo'.loaiiooa oiado oa allaeaaaibUBUt.
Baakitsf hoar froaa t a. - to I . .
DR. ARNOLD'S '
tme m.iihtK Ua
rue ut sr hi hid . .
f..r .''urna. sVu'..i-, V,i,n1-. n--,
J'.rui-.--, uf.i.jn, Ac
thf iiKnihi hum
1 ..r all lull lUjiuai'.ry and iriitatiug
urti I .in. j l llit" 1 lr-h and "-kiii
PfciCE 50 CENTS
KKOt k A M I.S.
lndiiMic li e jv thr imtd U kmiix.
tlu l he -'n yl
ORHOON KIDM-Y THA
NO OTHER REMEDY
H Vit j(ien thr v'nr-al naui'c-iiun l hut
ha bru oMjiiieii liuin lite U"-r ul' lUi.
NATURE'S OWN CURE
vr luck ahf lntbriF. lunauiniMtiii f
K)4n- i )rmllr' ii.tltng l'in whf-a
riinaliua. bruk Utul ilrpo.i b ul ,
TRY IT HT OlSCe.
H. I. Jones, the lorest (irotr
llrrrjman, N now raaala; a
tluely-equlpped state Ha r
the M IUa Khf r road to Till
nook, leatlua; Forest trf
Tuesday and Friday inornioKs,
aud rrarhluf Tillamook name
day. IhlaUthe nlrett rldetw
the farltlc Coast nithla tke
reach of thl valley, dood at
couiuiodallon, beautiful area
cry, aud a pleasant trlpetery
nay. lor particular addresa
II. D. JOM S, . loreat drove.
MONEY TO LOAN
la Mini of i4M and upwurd, on
time (i suit Uirrnwer-i, nil improveil
l';irnis. Xo (niiiinif-ion.
THOS. I). HU.MPHUKYS,
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON
- - ---- -
nl'l :. MONDAY.-fKITFMHF.lt Is.
Just chsed the
year in its history
most jirosn'rous j
Wide range of
studies. Thorough instruction. JJu-i-ness
eour-- addisl. Tuition frts, Kn
Irance Its', in. Hoard and Imlging nt
reasonable rates in the elegant new
dormitory and Ismrding hall on the
campus, w here students will nsv.jve
John W. JoHNsON,
7-1 ." President.
i WAGON AND WHEELWRIGHT SHOP.
I have nisMitsI a ehop for
the riair of
t A II K I H. FX, 111 (it.lKS AX II Af.0S
in. t nil kin.ln of wissl a. irk.
Shop t tinr.lner'a old stand, half l.lork
aoiith of tjreer'a alore.
Ij. w. iiouhb,
V.'.l. HM ' TIMF TA RLE.
FAST AND SOUTH . .
SOUTH KHN PAC. CO.
PoarpiND DtiLt :
KfXSF.BrKQ MAIL DAILY t
SiTii" X Fort laud Ar I 4 Ti
r m Ar K.abnrg L 7O0 a
Aibtny Local Duly (Etcept Sunday)
As r h
10 .tu a m
unnn cak ux nik.x f.oite.
PULLMAN GUFFET SLEEPERS
Necong-1 1 Meepiag fara
Arraiaio To All Teaouoai Taaiat.
Weet Hid DiTiajon.
BETWEEN 1-OKII.AND A COBYAI4.18
Mail Train Daily ( Kioept Haofay).
7 .10 a
8 4A a
W.i" t a
l. l orilaod Ar i &. r
L Hillahora L
Ar Corradi lll2:5fni
afAl Albany auJ rorralli aonnect with
traiua of tba tregoa I'aeiAo Kail road.
Kiprea Traia Daily, ( Eioept Monday
4 a: r a
7 6 F M
H 1 1 laboro
S M a
ft 4A a sj
THBOrOU TICKETS to all point in tba
f aatern Htatea. Canada and Enrcpe. eaa b
obtained at loweat rate from I. i. Morgan,
a. r. Buutno,
. . a P.Aa't.
KtVS Hosr ItANtitKOIH.
Tli- Krii'-ii .M"fiilr, with
ivnl in" turn-l. buill during
tivil war ut ttif 1 aljiuatf r iroo
works revolulivuiej the uavlet vf
thf whiil.- worll. Sv.-ani-ly lu
(Mjrtunt wa- the ram at a weapon of
uttacW, aiut to the oiilWif rale uaval
nfliifM the worhl iiwh this inveti
tiull. The CYiU federate "iliUe, puor
a-i thoy were, I'n-ateJ a shipyard ut
jizi) ( ."it v eMiiul!y for the xin
itruftlon of thee nasal (-hips of war.
Id the current nuiuU-r of the Sea
boar.1 Ir.t Hrtrrl, et-lieuterunt
jts.iiunaiidir Unit.sl Slates navy,
livesa ux-t intenMinu siiiimiury of
lhe mill's history in iiuyhI laittli-s.
I rroiii the clne of the civil war to
j the priwnt time I. ut one buttle luut
lieen lonht in w liich t.ie mm bus
la-en iisal. in July li), ifi. the
Itali.in llis-t under Admiral lVrsaiio
lattatkisl the Austrian ths?t under
i Ailmiral Tif-thotf.
The Itnlinn ailmiral undouldovily
exjits-tisi an easy victory, lu Kuns
he w as n-.uiy suM-rior ami in num
I Ix-r of shim and men ulxiut eiiial.
hju'h side had ironclails, the Italians
one or two the most. I here were
I Imni twenty-five to thirty steniner
on each side. The Italians ms-iii to
have largely rliel on two sister
ironclad frigate, the IU d'ltalia and
tlie Uedi lNirtujful, built by Webb
in New York. They had also a
three turreted monitor of the Coles
system. One of the two ironclad
frigates was lVrsano's rlnKhi. The
Austrlans had no sliijw that were
ts(ual to the tw o larK) Italians. They
liad five or six ironclads. The Ferd
inand Max wits plated with from 4
to 4 3-4 Inches of iron.
The battle began with a cannonade
but the Austrians, whose batteries
were inferior, closed in as rapidly as
possible, and under cover of the
smoke Isanti to use their ships tu
rams. Several of the Italians were
sunk. The lirachke rammed the
Italian turret ship anil inflicted a
wound which sent her out of action.
She siustsrsled in reaching Annina
and sunk at the harbor's mouth.
Hut the mo-t refnnrkable feat wa-:
ierformist by the old Kaiser Max,
which ves.-el riimniiil no less thai'
live of the Italians and sank tin
ironclad frigate w hicli Isire 1'ersituoV
Mag. The Austrian oftWrs sjaike V
this event in the imst thrilling Ian
guage. 1 lie great overhanging hi J
of Itie line of luiUlivdiip was thro u
iwross the ironclad, N-aringher down
!'' ,,u' ,n"Mm'n,ul inUl, ,,,,r im-
j mediately, of her crew of most ;no
j were drowned. The Kaiser Max, a
ugmer viv-s-i, was not seriously nun.
This was the greatest naval comlsU
sinis the inlnMluctiou if steambut
I we know that the Austrians obtained
the victory by the ram, and that the
Italians fought with their batteries
Many rams have own designed
lietwis'ii the yimrs Istvi and 1M, but
all, until the Kahtadin. were either
rains and guntioHis or rams and
jsslo U.ats. It rcmainisl for Admir
al A milieu, 1'. S. X., to dsign a
vitws-l which should le a mm and
and nothing but a mm.
From this brief history certain de
ductions can le made. Perhaps the
facts most clearly shown is that two
mms acting in i-ows-rt are more than
a match for any one ship, even if ohe
lie far Mi-rior to either of the two.
This is demonstrated by the sinking
of the Indianola by the William II.
Webb and the usmi of the West,
the remarkable sumsss of the two
I'llett mms in fighting the eight
Confederate rams, June ti, 1st!-, and
by the sinking of the Yaruna by the
(lovernor Moore and the Stonewall
Another fact demou.stretisj is that
the relative effis't on the vessel struck
and on the ram is in projMirtion to
the sjsrssl of tl.it rain. Perhaps this
netsjed no demonstration, lielng a
plain principle of mechanics. Ppeed
and rapidity of revolution are of
course great consideration, and from
this we-may conclude that great size
is not essential, nt.r even desirable.
Or to put It In another way : A
million dollars spent in building two
rains carrying loo men each is a let
ter investment than if spent in the
construction of one ram carrylnl" -00
men. A moderate ize with good
pee is the ""t, aud in my opinion ,
the katahdin Is Just about right.
In rnr.l Hirhtlntr the success Or fllil-l
tiro is determined in so few minutes
the rush and struggle being so ex
citing and the danger apparently so
terrible that only the coolest headed
ofHoer are flttisl to command rams.
Uverything that can le done to
mask an attack or rams and
their evolutions is as important as in
torjssjo lioat attacks. Drilling in
ram handling tan, in the nature of
thing's little like real war, and so
it apsstrswise to have rams which
must depend on ramming only, for
if they have guns or torpedoes and
the crew is drilled to handle them
they will in the excitement of battle
depend 'instinctively on these weap
ons instead of on the ram. The
great eUvX-esa of the Queen of tba
West and the Monarch ia larfely do
No better overhauling Ikimt cuuld
' deigned for a ram than the pooa
low of lh "W halebudu."
The British ironclad CamperduftD,
which ramiueil the Victoria teloC
to what La-t Un termed the Admlr
al H-j of irouclaJ-i.
Iuitgine a great cateueat rjattie-
nhip attacked by twu woaJcbaek ram
(under cover of ulKhL'tutr or tattle
imoke. They could turn twice to
the great ardp turnln onea?, aiul if
they worked In concert there la little
doubt but that one at least could get
an ox-nlng for a rush at right angle
either before or abaft the caseuiati
iTiwiing inrougn uie light auper
structtitss she. would hllde over the
gentle slojw of the pnitectlve de k ;
;io mutter w hat punishment she her
If might hutler, the great ship
would undoubtedly lie sunk. If the
overhanging bow of the Kaiser Max
isHild do auch w ork steaming at auch
an insignificant p,I, would not the
"whalebacks" ntak formidable
lu tsinclusion, it sisms to the
writer that the financial ,utlon
should lie carefully considered. A
battle-ship, costs, perhaM, 4,00.0(i0
to eonstnict, and about A-IOOhmj a
year to keep in commiasiou, or, al
low iug the iutew-st to 1 4 sr cent.,
it costs the govcrumeut over tV.j)ituoo
a year to o n a battle-ship.
This 1'ioney would build a Kutuh
dln or maintain a great fleet of
"wbalebacks" subject to the neetts of
It nwkes the average citizen of the
Paciflt di-gusted with th? eastern
philanthropist when t vaporing
ver the superior virtu-, of the Chi
naman are heralded. Kven Hob In
gersoll, whofu many Vgard as half
heathen, goea into e?asi- when he
prates of the tien.f feithfulDt-,
honesty and sobriety of the Chine.
(in the other side of if, picture read
this report of the last- vrand Jury of
Multnoiimh csiunty: J
"Among the limfy evils iu this
city we have uttei-i to iuvestl
gale, we found one' entirely new to
the jury, that or lottery dealers. It
is most amazing ty leant the extent
of this jiernicions Iusines4 in this
ily. We found be t one w hite man,
I . it,.. ptffnaiii,!..a fw.iiur t 'ftl-iosM.
'i ad wt e, i j ,( ,IU jand indive- .ls en
gaged in it that We could Unci evi
dence against. iVy were pio.aptly
arrained for trial and contributed
about? l,nou to the credit of the
county, with three Chinamen still in
Jail under t-WiO sentnces. While we
do not expect this Will abolish the
evil, it is a step in th right direction.
All over Chinatown, many in-nocent-nppcrtring
Cli'-p9 "tores we
found by examination " ' ticket
offices f,,r lotteries The worst
feature about the busiues? " that the
purchasers are mostly w hi,en,eond
j w1 d'"irp hpr( ,0 t0 par
em to iook wen to ine w'1
of their lioys of nights, for H w
evening a inemlier of ttila jury, in
his search through the Chin iuart
en, found in a hack rxm of a
simple-hHiVing More as many boya as
could: gather around a gnuilng table
taking part and watching a gambling
game. They were all white boys,
aged from 12 to i years, not hood
lums, but members of respectable
Further comment on thin Miliject
seems unnecessary, but we feel com-s-llel
to call parent' attention to
this new danger for their aon."
Meaai aad F.lectrte Ballroad.
A writer in the New York Nun
noteslthe fact tbat notwithstanding
all the assistance g-iven to corpora
tions by lisgtslaturea, citle, counties
and private individuals, railroad
tsmstruction in thl country was very
slow at first. In 130 there were
bat 2-1 mlle lu operation; la 132,
2J miles; in lJi, in 140,
'2,813; in isl'i, 4,033 ; and luUii,
Vi7. In no aingle year was the
increase in mileage, which now av
erage 6,0)10 miles a year, a high as
l.tNKj. Hut from IS49 to the begin
ning of the civil war, in 1861, the
extension was rapid, the total mile
age in 161 reaching 31,000. Then
fV-in at n ,,'f 1 tin l.mrnl.lia.1 ., M 1 1 1 1
.jjjj 7,000 mll were added, and
nnw ... ... . ...
. . '
i On the other hand, the electric rail
! roads have increased with marvrloua
i rapidity throughout every section of
the country.- At the beginning of
lsW, when electric railroad building
first N-gan ,0 popular, there were
. " , ... 7
l 1 'III I nilllT III IBTIIIIIJII. iiivri HIK
il'iii iniin il uai a aiai us.iim; a, oil
ears. Today, so great has been t"
multiplication of lines that there fe
more than 7,i00 miles of eleirlc
street railroads. Three years agr the
mileage of home road was 6,', of
electric roads 1,641, of steam iroads
V)4, and of cable roads 527. Now
the electric roads lead all othf.
Perhaps Siam is going to,vak the
place so long held by Turfey as the
bone of contention araoni the great
Euro pa.n nations.
li their corumuuJeis Mug 4
jiumiwho -r etiliiUtiaMU lu
lli i prof.-ion.
(oaciic belatioxs ok the
rtobUTlUX or W0KLIr4.
a. a. aUTcaiLL.
OeXilJuies w beu ouo star'. out on
a iulslva be does not anticipate
what hi I tor will U before he i
through. The dl.Tetvnt branches of
scitDi-e are to the mind what ill
lines of trad-s, oivupatloni, virtues
and vlctr !.. When one gets
starttrd in a curse, and he pr
streda, he li all the while finding new
hopa, and the -xpectatlon of Joy aod
gain there, iften Us-omes In bis
mind an ungo -ernable deeire logo
on. I be tludu g of a little ol its
dust may lead to the discovery of
porkeu tlll.sl x.itU pnsious metal.
and the iliscovry of a little gold
dust may bud I a worthl.-s pit in
the digging of w hich one may ssmkI
his fortune and waste a lifetime.
Whether the efli.rts are crow nisi
with succeiss or end iu ignouiiuoUs
failure, one duly Mian kind owes to
mankind that is to alig. The un
known of yesterday is often the
reality of today, oh. Mystery of
Infinity! Man, the terrestrial mole
cule, i a'jlo to sound thy depths;
but tliiiti coni'iasscst him alsiut a'
the a-ean swallows the grain of sand
falling into its Uksom.
The night is liautifiil, sisirkliug
with a my'riaiTof bright auns; trans
lucent space, reaching Into infinity,
Is peopled wilh legions of worlds ;
but all is silent, aud would forever
remain o but for the lnterrognlions
of astronomy. Orry by rare mono
aylables does toe tnighty Sphinx
respond to our questions. It U
wonderfui to have our eyes open to
Irrinensity, and to be able to throw
a glance uhmg tlie avenues of space
and LiiiiB. We are begluning to
spell out the first page of tho grand
volume of the unlver-e. There are
other sunt and other lights in the
Infinite; other days aud other ags
betide our own, and the earth is but
one Ulet in Iheois-Hh of spaiv. The
chaos of yesterday may U- the
COAiaia of today.
How grand it is tu think of our
Sun as the mother and father, sister
and brother of all tlm movements In
this wonderful system of ours.
Away out yonder In etherial sjsuv,
after uniiunitiored is-uturi' of growth
is a bulk of chaotic matter partly
solidified, millions of mih in diam
eter which is to ls our Sun is
flouting oil" under the infiiieiH-e of
physical lawJ. He may have started
on his fiery tmw millions of vearV
before tlie world whs. Kirt starting
upon his fire-eyed Journey with a
long or short beard or tail, suited to
his own caprice, he may have
wandered for millions of yart
through hypa-therial siwi-e in the
most eccentric orbits imaginable,
then as the years no, there could be
no measure or duration of time
rolled on his orbit Ixvanie .s eifen-
tric until nt la-t he bus gathered into
one solid mass all the sun dust and
material nei-essary to constitute a
M.-ii-illuminationg body, lleing sot
large and in his myriad wanderings
he hasgnthensl unto himself a lot of
cometary visitors who view him
from ad sides with their lire-eye,
Who travel In hylierbolic, then
jstrabolic orbits until finally they
cone down to the clipticnl orbit and
assume the position in the universe
of a planet or a world if you please.
Planetary formation in our view i
Is dependent wholly uon ' two
forces, 'centrifugalw-driving away
from th; center, and" ivntriietal
drawing toward the center. Al
though the substance uic.'er end the
laws of gravitation and repulsion
seem infinite1 and co-ex tent, yet
there must have been a period when
attraction on substanoe-i natter pre
ceded the reieiling aj-tion, fur a
substance roast assume form, then
axial rotation la order to develop the
centrifugal force. The Sun exit-led
no doubt in its cometary state with
out axial rotation and as it glatv-ed
here and there through the im
menaity of space, gathering in the
various chaotic substances in its path
until it began to consolidate or
harden; then it was that the resist
ing medium iu space began to
influence fu movements. And the
nucleus cf the great comet began
slowly tJ revolve, and the farther It
moved through space the greater
axial telocity it acquired until it
becanr the electrical dynamo tbt
furnUies the electrical currents to
gui and control this universe. Tho
cenirifugal force of the Sun Is not as
It p-ems, infinite, but is capable of
afompllahing a certain amount and
a more. That is, it wi.I repel
ubaUrvsas until the force has become
Miaseminated urA weakemsl, when
tue attraction of me sun win prevent
.. m. a .
the substance going farther. These
force may have located or retained
the planetary substance-matter In
their earlier or original locations in
belts or zones, after w hich the nuclei
or centers f attraction were formed
by ll.o Sun's agitation and then
axial rotation and revolution around
the Sun were acquired.
My tale of a comet fn the Indk
pen DrNT caused some comment and
a certala '-pro has tried to poke
a Utile fun at astronomara not my-
stlf-becansv they do not know their
comets when they (the cvuietio
return. The 'prr' aay : "If
astrouoinert can't tall certain when a
comet Is to appear and w here It Is to
appear, aol how it U to appear, then
they don't know anything about
them." Such talk- U foollshneas.
If a farmer baa a pig, and that pig
stray away for a few 'year, thou.b.
he may Live marCed it wall and
resurded such markings, after tke
la use of time, he may not be abla to
identify that pig should It happen to
pavi hi premises where he cou!
a good look at it. An astronomer
can not mark a coruet, a a fanner
may mark his pig, and he should not
lie much blamed if, after the lapse of
fifty or a thousand years, he fails (o
recogtnr.e it. 1 luring thai lime li
may have undergone many clianges
in composition and bulk which
would in use it to have the appear
ance of a stranger or undiscovered
coi nut, while at the same time, ther.
changes in composition and bulk
would cause its orbital motion to
change, thereby obliterating every
mark by which the astronomer ex
ected to identify it.
interim a i rater Plate.
It was shown at the Indian Head
proving grounds, July 11th, that the
United Statu apparently leads the
world in. He manufacture of the
strongest arnmr plates. There were
two plutee tested, which were to le
utfacked by three projectiles each.
The tlrst test, beside determining
w hether the .'jo tons of armor plate
should Is accepted, also determined
whether the maker should receive
i-io a ton In addition to the contract
price of t57, a too. The first plute
tested was a S inch nk'kel steel plate
weigblug ten tons. The plate was
6J feet wide by 9 7-12 feet long, and
was made by the Carnegie-Frick
Company. Three Holtzer projectile
weighing s' jO pounds each were fixed
from an s-lnch rifle, the muxile
leing 5s feet from the target. The
results-of the three tests were as
1. Vcl.city ,40(J feet per second,
ikenet rated piste and backing to a
depth of 11.7 Inches. 2.. Velocity
l.tis.l feet, penetrated plate and
lift ol oak tacking ; was lout in earth
Uhind. .1. Velocity l,i3S feet,
Miiotrated plate and backing to a
depth of 14 Inches. No cracks
wore jsTceptible in the plate, which
it -tall the requl.t-. ynts for arrcpt.
a. ice without premium, as the second
shot lout the maker the premium.
The second plate ass maile by the
Itethlehem Comfiany, and wan aho
mmle of nickel steel. It was HA feet
high by 1-' feet 1 inch ia length, and
wns 17 inches thick. The plate
weighed 31 f tons. A 12-inch rifle
was used at a distance of 319 fret,
and threw Carpenter shells weighing
sit) pound. The result of the tests
was, as follows
I.' Velocity 1,329 fis-t per wwnd.j
penetratetl 18.B inches. 2. Vfloity
1. 10.1 fist, inetrated plate and 3
Inches of backing. a. Velocity
l,iS feet, plate penetrated as well as
M inches of backing, th embank
ment; and disappearsd beyond,
either in the woods or the river.
The plate MVtired the acceptance of
the contract lot of 000 to 700 tons,
but earned no premium. The pro
jectiles acted admirably, and were
I . . . 1 1 . . t. . . a i,
l iiuruiy mjunsi. miiuun vjni urowii,
of the I'.ugllsh Ordinance, was sur
prised to find no cracks in the large
lariiette plate. Commodore Samp
son said : "The texts today demon
strate that the United Htatea makes
the best armor in the world, and
makes it cheaper than other nations
are able to produce it. We pay for
the addition of nickel to the steel
plate half a cent a pound, or 111.20 a
ton, while the French government
pays 1140 for the addition of nickel
to the steel plates."
an extreme summer styb a
New York house Is showing a very
mannish looking outing shirt for a
yachting or racing costume. It looks i use of machinery to produ litem
precisely like those worn by men Inland the great cheapening of the
the colored styles, and has a change
pocket on the right aide. The only
feminine ai'ce-ssory is the cord and
tassel tie at neck. This style is in
line with the new Knglish waistcoat
which Is shown in dotted linen, low
cut and doAibie-breasted, "witb sile i
vest pockets, mis is worn with a
shirt of plain linen, finished with
standing collar and frill shirt sleeves.
These severe styles are in sharp con
trast to the fluffy lace collars and full
jabots, which better please another
clasw of women. Ft these dainty
nisklets, as they re tailed, chifToii
is in constant u tied Into a large
soil bow, attached . l a folded stand-
How beneficial trusts are to the
working men Ls show n by the cut of
from -iTi to M) per cent. In the wages
paid by the leading eompaay la Uie
type-writer truat. Type-vnters
have not been reduced in price. j
Silver tongues will not be larking!
at the Chicago M-metalllc con veutloo.
Bob I&geraoll will to ooe of Uie
I 1.0 10 OEABESt
It Is a favorite plea of the allver
luonomottdLis-M, and others who
Cvor so-called "cheap money," that
gold haW appelated, instead of iUvair
dwlinlng lo value. Their argument
U that cxiuiawaiitles are only cheaper
w ben u-easurod in gold; tbat.tbwy,
and sliver have remained really at
about the ihdih price, while guld ban
rLs-'U in value, and therefore 11 takos
less gold to buy CorutuvAlitlei than it
formerly did. A great many people
K-cept this statement hastily, from
the fact tbat the priies of many
commodities are cheajs-r now than
they were tLfty year ago. There Is
a good deal of confusion in the pop
ular mind, from not investigating
the matter fully, and determining
whether the statement iscarrhst out
with regard to all couiiinaJiticia.
Aihim Smith, in ids groat tgxt
IsMik on political ts-oitoiuy -the -"Wraith
of Nations" -refers Uie
ultimate value of all i-ommoditlcs tu
the labor standard. I Ii says :
"Equal quantiths of labor, at ail
times and plais-s, may lie .said to la
of equal value to the laborer, lu his
ordinary state of health, strength and
spirits, in the ordinary degree of his
skill and dexterity, he must always
lay down the same iiortion of his
ease, his liberty and bis happiness.
The priis? which he pays must
always be the same, whatever may
Isj the quantity of goods which he
receives In return for lt. Of these,
Indeed, It may sometimes purchase a
greater and sometimes a lesser quan
tity, but it is their value which
varied, not that of the labor which
Ijtlxr alone, therefore, never
varying in it own value, Is alone
the ultimate and real standard by
which the value of all commodities
and at all times and places be
estimated and trom pared. It is their
real price; money is their nominal
Now, it is clear that if gold haa
become relatively dearer w lthln the
ast half century, then a certain
amount of labor will he paid now
with less gold than It was flfty
yeura ago. Or, to state the same
fact in dilfcrent form, if guld has
btssMiie doan-r, then a fixed aum
will buy inoie lalior than the same
sum would at that timo. And v. e
may also nu-a.rc the prices of com
modities farm products, manu
factured articles, ele., In labor j and,
if as is asaerfVsl, coriimrailtleH have
not changed in actual value, a cer
tain amount ol' labor will buv no
more and no li--w of them than It did
The treasury department ha an
official report on this topic. Kxperu
have made a painstaking investi.fi.- '
Hon of prices for the hut fifty years,
and the rcults thereof enable us to
establish the incorrect n ess of tlie
proisjhition of the free ailver men.
Here arc some facts :
A fixed amount of labor earnest
A.s7.T0 in gold iu II Hi; it earned 1100
in gold in Isikl; and il earuert siCO.TO
in gold in the year lsttl.
This show s that gold is today .'17
s-r ts-nt. chea;ier than it was in
I860, and 4-'j per cent, cheaper than
it was in 149, measured by a fixed
amount of labor. Have tlie labor
ing men leen "ground dow n under
the heel of the money power, by the
appreciation of gold," as has been
wildly claimed? Hy no means ; in
fact, quite the reverse.
As to the value of commodities,
measured by the labor standard, this
report shows the position of the
"cheap money" men, that they have
not decreased in aleaolute value, "but
only because guld ha appreciated,"
to be equally false. It slows the
gold prices of 223 of the most impor
tant articles of daily use to have
declined 7.8 per cent, from ISfJO to
1191; while the decline, measured
in terms of labor," is very much
greater. In point of fact, there
should le no discussion of the tact of
their decline in absolute value,
bemuse every one knows that the
means of transtMirtnfion, have ren
dered it possible to produce them
cheaper. Now, to compare the
decline la the prices of commodities
since IsiX w ith the decline in ailver.
As statist above, they have declined
7.M per cent, since that year, while
ailver has decliinsl over 40 pr cent.
So thl refute- the assertion that
their prices and that of silvor have
remained relatively the same.
Hence it Ls cleur that gold has not
appreciated in value; and further
more, it follows that there Is enough
of it for the purre of businesM.
"Old Isd Uray," who died in New
York the other day and who ls to
liave engraved tin bis tombntone,
"lie never had an enemy," should
be read about and his career studied
by some of the young chaps who
think it an evuli-invof senseto make
svimeNsly kindly explain
how CorU-tt is to fight at Coney
Island with Mitchell at Chicago,
nniexs they are doubUts ?