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OREST GROVE PRESS
THURSDAY NOVEMBER 20. 1913
S t o r y o f th e P a n a m a C a n a l F r o m
C o ld
C o a l,
S to ra g e
a n d Ice.
MERTZ & LATTA
Cor. 5th Ave.
and 2nd St.,
B a k in g
P o w d e r ,
Photo copyright by Am erican Press Association.
OF TH E
Washington County Agency, Overland Cars
S t a r t to F in ish
canal It was one o f the wisest. W ith
out regard to who got the money, it in
disputably Is true to any one who has
visited the canal that the United
States gut a dollar in value for every
dollar it paid the French company.
As late as 1011 Colonel Goethals ap
pbintetl a committee, headed by J. B.
Bishop, secretary o f the commission,
to invoice the French purchase, and
it reported the vulue of French ex
cavation useful to the American plan
o f canal, the mechanical equipment,
buildings and engineering records to
be $42,790.82«. or nearly $3.000,000
more than was paid. At the same
time it was a good sale for the French
company, because the United Stutes
was the only prospective buyer.
The item of largest value to the
United States as estimated In the re
port was the excavation o f 20.908.000
cubic yards, valued at 925.389.240.
This mainly was in the Culebra cut.
Next In Importance was the Panama
railroad and subsidiary trackage In the
canal zone, and the remainder was for
quarters, hospitals, storehouses, ma
chine shops, cunal equipment, steam
ships. land. etc.
Much of the mechanical equipment
and whole villages of houses used by
the French employees were covered
with a dense growth of jungle after
years of Idleness, but the machinery
had been oiled and painted carefully
before abandonment and so was pre
served In good condition when the
Americans came. Had not the French
buildings been available nnd capable
o f belug speedily repaired for use the
early American employees would have
suffered more hardships than they did
Of these hulldtngs the Americans re
paired and used 1.530, their value be
Ing estimated at $1.879.203.80.
Construction work was carried on
the first year of American occupation
largely with old French equipment
m a t part of the equipment which
could not be utilized was used as bal
last on the, Panama Steamship liners
to the extent o f 27.000 tons nnd sold
as scrap on the New York market, and
in 1911 the Chicago House Wrecking
company bid in the remainder for the
lump sum o f $215,000.
In the sale the United States re
ceived 08,888 shares of the capital
stock of the Panama Railroad compa
ny and later bought from Individuals
1.112 shares for $157,118.24, giving the
government complete control.
(Continued next week)
C. G. D A n Y e LSON
P A C IF IC A V E .
P H O N E 306
^vw vw w vw w vw w w w v\
( W I N T E R
Is u p o n us a n d y o u s h o u ld g e t
Your House Repaired
I Pacific side has a maximum lift o f
Y o u W ill N eed
twenty-one feet, while on the Atlantic
side the maximum lift is only two and
! one-half feet. Allowance for this va
(Continued from last week)
riation was made by providing a deep
From then.on to December the rains
er channel for the eanal on the Pacific
become more frequent and heavier aud
T o K ee p Out the Cold and Rain.
side, so that the passage o f ships will
have a way of coming up al>out the
not be affected by the tides. The shape
Kiime time every day. sometimes In
W E SELL THEM .
the afternoons, sometimes in the morn I of the hay o f Panama causes the high
ings. Construction operations have to
As there Is not a favorable geographi
l>e suspended during the violent rains.
cal arrangement at either end o f the
On the Atlantic side the rainfall av
i canal in the way o f harbors the de
erages between 130 and 140 inches an
fects have been supplied by breakwa
nually. on the Pacific side from 00 to
ters. At the Atlantic entrance u break
70 Inches. At times it rains so furi
water more than two miles long runs
F O R E S T
G R O V E ,
O R E G O N .
ously that it appears to be oue continu
from Toro point to shield shl|>s lying
ous sheet of water falling. For oue
Surveying and Subdividing
in the entrance from the violent north
hour the record fall is 5.8« inches: for
ers that occasionally sweep the coast.
one day. ut Porto Bello. 10.0« Inches;
Another breakwater a half mile long
in three minutes 2.40 inches fell at
running out from the Colon water front
the same place, and at Panama on
will protect shipping in that harbor k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k 'k k k k k k k k k
May 12. 1012. 6 inches fell in two
i from storms on the east At the Pa ★
hours The years 1000 and 1009 were
cific entrance storms Hre not danger
the wettest since the American occu
ous. but the currents deposited slit In
FO R EST G R O V E , O R E G O N
pation and 1912 the driest.
the channel in such quantities as to 1 ★
The heavy precipitation makes the make a breakwater advisable, nnd this ★
rivers of Panama torreutial streams. one runs from the mainland to Naos ★
The Chagres river has risen twenty- island, three miles out in the bay. and ★
live feet in twenty-four hours. During
every season the records left by the connects with the fortifications.
was built from material excavated In
There’s more fraud in shoes than in almost any
rrenen ann sept by the Americans
the Culebra cut, yhereas the Atlantic ★
since their occupation show that this
article you wear.
breakwaters were built largely o f rock ★
river discharges enough water to All
quarried at Porto Bello.
the proposed Gatun lake one nnd one-
Nearly 90% of all shoes retailed for lesa than $4.00
Panama and Colon are cities o f great ★
half times It is not expected that any
have paper, composition, or other substitutes for leath
lack of water for the lock type canal Interest to the tourist. The former has ★
! about 50,000 population and the latter ★
ever will be experienced.
LE A T H E R
Except for the1 beaten paths and 20.000. Panama Is the capital o f the ★
K in d the ¿XCost
•leared spaces constantly maintained republic aud has a handsome national ★
them. You can’t detect the adulteration until you wear
the Jungle Is king in Panama. One
the shoes and find them unsatisfactory.
5 0 LX LE A TH ER SOLE LEATHER :
season’s growth will cover an aban tem, and a number of old cathedrals
doned clearing with the luxuriant
A good purchase on our part
ployees travel for half fare on the ★
heels, counter» broken down, or the outer aole ripped off.
gun metal leather». Several »tylet, all size» for every
tropical vegetution. When the Ameri
enables us to show as desirable
member of the fam ily.
Cut them up and you will probably find them “ adulter
! railroad and nre often in evidence In ★
cans entered the canal zone most of
Last year 64^,448 people bought this famous shoe.
a line of box papers as you
the French machinery and even whole the quaint little victoria carriages that ★
handle the street traffic at 10 cent* a ★
The only reason why any manufacturer use* »ubsti-
The two styles here illustrated will show the honest
towns were covered by the jungle.
could possibly find anywhere.
tutes for leather is that they are cheaper than leather.
leather construction o f the “ Our F am ily” and all other
ride In the two cities.
There are the usual tropical fruits,
"W hat this nation will insist upon is
bananas, cocoannts. alligator pears,
★ prices for the shoes.
We hare one of these shoes out up to prove its honest
construction. Come and see it.
papayas, mangoes nnd other less well
Nothin* esn take the pisoeof good 1-ath-rfnr m.klngoom-
The "O u r Family ” sell» at prices ranging from tl SS for
known varieties. The vegetation In- dent Itoosevelt in his order creating ★
fortahle and serviceable shoes. You wans leather sucss. Be
the children up to 1:1.50 for men. It is a good looking, medium
the first Isthmian canal commission
ludes the royal polndatin. palm and
weight shoe—tor every day or Sunday.
that he appointed, on March 8. 1904. ★
other stately trees. The rnre orchid
and that remained the keynote o f Ills ★
All the above are “ Star Brand** shoes with the name on
To be on the snf* side alwavs ask for end Insist upon
is at home on the isthmus, nlsiut sev
the sole and tho st ar on the heel. Every pair is made of good
attitude toward the canal.
lie an ★
having ‘ 'S tar Brand " shoes with the nnrne on the sole and
enty five varieties lading found, a dozen
leather. No substitutes for leather are ever used.
the star on the heel. It 1* the largest selling brand of shoes
On account of moving into
nounced its full personnel as follows: ★
la the world—over seven million people wear them.
During the last six months Pure Shoe Bills have been In
if which are of the most beautiful
Admiral John G. Walker. U. S. N.. ★
troduced into Congress and several states, requiring thnt when
Roberts. Johnson & Itand, tho manufacturers, have built
our new quarters we are
kinds. A dry season o f four months
substitutes for leather are used the fact must be stamped on
up this vast business—23 big factories employing 10,000 people
chairman: Mnjor General George W.
does not parch the growth, bnt the
—in only fifteen years, simply by making “ Star Brand"
giving special prices.
Davis. U. S. A.: William Barclay Par
shoes of good honest leather.
Many manufacturer« and a few merchants are bitterly
rainy season gives it the most brllltnnt sons. William H. Burr, Benjamin M. ★
I f “ Star Brand" shoes were not better than other shoes,
manufacturers have freely and openly endorsed these bills.
they could not have grown from a small start to a business of
flnrrod. Carl Ewald Orunsky, Frank ★
They believe la this legislation because it gives you a square
over I I6.noo.oo0 a year, outstripping all other shoe makers
None of the big animal life of Africa J . Hecker.
in this short time.
is found anywhere in South America,
Their business has been built up on honest leather oonetnio-
They make more shoes than any other shoemaker. The
This commission held Its first meet ★
tlor tVe believe that this is one reason why they have grown
and Panama has even less dangerous ing In Washington on March 22. when
cost per pair is less. It costs less to sell them. They give
§0 rapidly. If substitutes for leather were better than leather
you more for your money than you can get in auy other shoe.
species than the mainland
there would be lote of other shoe makers larger thaa they are.
preparations were made for a visit to ★
PRESCRIPTIO N SP E C IA L IST
the isthmus, which it reached on ★
The "P a tr io t", our lino dress shoo for men. tornado in
Every consumer should be In favor of a Pure Shoe low.
and other larger though not so dan
April 5. A fter three weeks of Inves
50 dilf'Tont styles at 14.!to to I no. Aa good a »hoe in other
Every ’ Star B ran d" merchant believes In this great move
gerous animals are found, and alllga
brands would cost you El.uOmore.
ment for pure leather shoes Just as we do, because it insures
tlgatlons It decided that such en
the wearer gets what he pays for.
tors abound In the rivers and bays as gineering records ns the French left ★
mode In many styles and so d at 13.50 to H oO. I t la bettor
The Oldfield Pure Shoe Bill now pending In Congress
well as sharks. The insect life Is won must be supplemented by fresh ex ★
than many other shoes sold at lo.uo.
Should be enacted into a law. The victory should be made
because it is a good law. W rite your Senator and
derfully varied, the birds are In infinite plorations and surveys, that the sanltn
the strongest and longest wearing shoe made Its value has
to vote for it.
variety aud most beautiful, while wild tion of the canal zone and the cities of ★
never been equalled. Made lor men. women and Children.
Tha " S o ft and Good", a line welt work shoe for men—
flowers o f dazzling colors are in pro Colon and Panama was o f the first Im
■oft as a glove, A long wearing, medium weight shoe at 13 50
fusion. The canal zone, where occu portance and that a period o f prepara ★
to $43X1. This shoe has no competitors.
S. A. W ALK ER
pied In the canal operations, long since tion generally must precede effective ★
"T e es and Ted " school shoes are made In many styles for
construction operations. Burgeon Colo
was freed of dangerous animal life.
Distinct but inconsequential earth nel W. C. Gorgaa accompanied the
quake shocks have been felt In Pana
Bear in mind that there are several different form*
ma for centuries. The San Francisco preliminary plans for cleaning up the
of stars used in trade-marks. The genuine “ Star
earthquake In 1000 was not recorded Isthmus which, when worked out
Brand " shoe has the name on the sola and the star
on the heeL
on the canal zone seismograph. In the were to make him famous. The com
seventeenth century a violent shock oc mission returned to the United State*
1st Ave. N., near Main St.
curred. but none In the eighteenth and on April 29.
Be sure you get the genuine "Star Brand" ahoea.
At a meeting between represents
1 hen yon will know why
nineteenth centuries, nor has any been
W e are prepared to do
recorded in the twentieth century, al fives o f the United States and the
the very best o f all
though in Costa Klca, the republic ad French Canal company In Paris on
‘Star Brand Shoes A re Better
kind o f shoe work.
joining Panama, a severe shock in
1010 caused a considerable loss of life
and property. So far as past perform and was ratified by the shareholders
ances can Indicate, the canal should In the eorcoany ori April 23.
By W m . R. Scott
A. A. K I R K W O O D
CIVIL EN6INEER AND SURVEYOR
Lumber, Shingles, Roofing and Roof Paint
The Willis-Place Lumber Co.
Be Sure You Get
What You Pay For*
E L IT E
Be sure to buy your station
ery here—we have it in
bulk, in boxes, with envel
opes to match.
Special attention given
to crippled feet.
not anflfer from earthquakes.
President Kooaevelt was subjected
The Atlantic and Pacific oceans are to wide criticism for this deal, but of
on the same level, but the tide on the all his actions in connection with the ,
KING & C A P L E S