The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930, January 21, 1916, Image 5

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    OIL AND STEEL TO
FORM BIG MERGER
Giant Industries With Capital of
$350,000,000 in Combine.
DEFINITE PLANS SEEM FULLY REACHED
Pacific Coast Interests Are Involved
in Deal and Mexican Oil Prop
erties Also Are Included.
Chicago Announcement of the
formation of two great corporations
one a steel merger, with 1200,000,000
capital, and the other an oil combine,
capitalized at about $150,000,000 are
expected this week. Negotiations,
which have now reached the stage in
both projects where the transactions
are in definite shape.
In the steel deal the consolidation of
the YoungBtown Sheet & Steel Tube
company and the Cambria and Lacka
wanna Steel companies, the Repogle
syndicate and the Drexel firm, of Phil
adelphia, are back of the new enter
priBe, and National City Bank of New
York interests are associated with the
negotiations.
In the oil deal bankers are working
with Pacific Coast oil meninjwinging
about the merger.
The best information obtainable so
far regarding the steel merger is that
the capital will consist of only one
class of stock.
The capital stock of the Youngstown
Sheet & Tube company is $20,000,000
common and $10,000,000 7 per cent
cumulative preferred, of which $34,'
750,000 common and a small lot of the
preferred are in the hands of the pub
lic. The company also has about $41,-
000,000 bonds outstanding, including
those of certain of its subsidiaries.
Cambria Steel has outstanding cap
ital stock of $45,000,000. and has no
bonded debt.
The total of the outstanding stock
and bonds of the three companies men
tioned as being parties to the merger
is approximately $150,000,000. Be
sides this, several other companies,
among them the Inland Steel company,
have been mentioned as possible par
ties to the consolidation.
In the proposed combination of Mex-
ican and California ' oil properties by
banking interests, the names of the
Associated Oil company and Union
Oil company have figured conBpicu-
ously. The Associated Oil company
is controlled by the Southern Pacific
railroad, through ownership of $20,
069.000 of its $40,000,000 capital
stock. The Associated company has a
stock interest in 13 companies, 11 of
which it controls by a 50 per cent hold
ins or more of stock. It owns 12
steamers and operates two pipe lines,
and also owns interests in two other
pipe lines. It also owns its own roll
ing stock.
Peace Pilgrims Appeal to Berlin
for Permission to Cross Germany
ONE KILLED, TWO BADLY INJURED
IN CHURCH FACTION BATTLE
Scranton, Pa. Rioting between ri
val factions at the church of the
Sacred Heart of Jesus in Dupont, near
here Sunday resulted in the death of
one man, the probable fatal wounding
of two others and the serious injury of
at least a dozen more. Knives, revol
vers and clubs played a prominent part
in the riot, 11 state troopers being
among the wounded.
beorge ureizor, the dead man, was
shot through the thigh, the bullet sev
ering the artery. Trooper Roil Sum
ner, of Pottsville, sustained a fracture
at the base of the skull and Joseph
Tinh, of Dupont, was shot through the
lungs. Neither is expected to live.
This church has been the Been of
half a dozen riotB in as many weeks,
one faction objecting to the authority
exercised by Bishop M. J. Hoban, of
the Catholic diocese of Scranton, and
the other supporting him.
Every time a newly appointed priest
has Bought to hold services he has been
MIDDLE WEST HAS
ZERO COLD WAVE
NORTHWEST MARKET REPORTS;
GENERAL CROP CONDITIONS
DISEASES OF TURKEY
Sudden Drop of Temperature
Felt Over Wide Area.
SEVERE BUZZARD SWEEPS OVER KANSAS
Extreme Range in Cold Belt Is 128
Degrees-Montana Has 28 Be-
low Suffering Is Great.
ADMIRAL DE F0URNET
2
Portland Wheat Bluestem, $1.08
per bushel; lortyroid, sun; ciuo,
99c; red Fife, 96c; red Russian, 96c.
Hay Eastern Oregon timothy, $17
(3)17.60 per ton; valley timothy, $14
14.50; alfalfa, $17; oats and vetch,
$13.
Millfeed Spot prices: Bran, $zs
per ton; snorts, w, roiled oariey,
$2930.
Corn whole, $35 per ton; cracked,
$36.
Vegetables Artichokes, $1.10 per
dozen; tomatoes, California, $1.60
1.76 per crate; cabbage, $1(31.50 per
cwt. ; garlic, 16c per pound; peppers,
1012jc; eggplant, 1016c; sprouts,
8c; horseradish, 8Jc; cauliflower,
$1.752 per crate; celery, $4.7o;
beans, 1012c per pound; lettuce,
$2.60 per crate; peas, 810c per
pound.
Green Fruits Pears, $l(g)1.50 per
West and box; grapes, $4 per barrel; cranber-
blast of rlM. 12-B0 I barre'-
potatoes uregon, t.ou per buck;
All
Domestic Poultry Are Sus
ceptible to Blackhead.
Ailment Which Has All But Annlhl
lated Turkey-Raising Industry In -New
England, Has 8pread to
Every State In Union.
Kansas City The Middle
Southwest got Is first real
winter weather Thursday and nature s yaklmM( U0. 8weets, $2.
offerings lived up to in advance nonces ewt.
of the weather bureau. The mercury Onions Oregon, buying price, $1.60
as en doirrA in 24 I. o. D. snipping point.
rr I Ann! An Gnlt.aniAlM D.f.I foniV
noursinmeanecvea """" 5. fancy. $2; choice, $1.251.50;
peratures ranging from zero downward Jon.thang( extra fancy( liBo; fancy,
prevail throughout Kansas, Iowa, JNe- 1.25; choice, $1; Yellow Newtowns,
hruVa iml thU PB-tinn of Missouri, extra fancy, $2; fancy, $1.75; choice,
Oklahoma and Texas, too, felt the $1 l.ze; Baldwins, extra iancy,
Snn U faiiinir in much of the 11.50: fancy, si.zd: cnocie, si; rus-
sets, orchard run. $1
'Wa look for temperatures ranging Eggs Buying prices, Oregon ranch,
f-nm into 20 riVirreBB below zero in premium, 88c per dozen; No. 1, 80c;
Kansas and this section of Missouri " No. 2, 26c; No. 8, 18c. Jobbing
said an announcement of the local prices: Oregon ranch, candled,
nroothAF hnrAQI1 35C
Trin .Ki-vioa Into Kansas Citv is Poultry Hens, small, 16c pound;
delaved. streetcar service in all of the large, 16c; small springs, 1616c;
cities affected has been seriously inter
fered with, telegraph and telephone
I companies are fighting vainly to main
tain rammunimtinn on sleet-covered
wires and farmers and producers have tras, selling at iie; firsts, zc; prints,
h-n n.marf that it. iii ton poM to hin snd cartons, extra. Prices paid to
norifihahlB nroHucta. producers: Country creamery,
r ' inn.. V . . . a VT 1 OO-. XT- O OA.
In Kansas Citv the death list from -c; Dunenat, no. 1, ou, u. ., m.
accidents as a result of the storm re- Veal fancy, is:,ic pouno,
mainedat two. while more than a Pork Fancy, 8Jc pound.
Admiral d'Artigue de Fournet, the
new commander In chief of the French
navy.
The Hague, via London Dr. Charles
F. Aked, Mme. RoBika Schwimmer
and other members of the Ford peace
board, after having vainly appealed to
the German minister at The Hague for
permission for the Scandinavian peace
delegates to return home through Ger
many, telegraphed Monday to Berlin
for the desired permits. Recent efforts
of members of the Ford party to cross
Germany have been blocked by the
German military authorities, with the
explanation that the delegates are un
desirables.
Twenty-five subjects of Denmark,
Sweden and Norway, who came here
with the peace expedition, are desirous
of returning to their homes, which
they are unable to do unless by way of
the North sea. This route is regarded
unsafe. Included in those marooned
here is Paul Lyndhagen, mayor of
Stockholm, who says he may lose his
office unless he returns soon.
Mme. Schwimmer, who is a Hun
garian, telegraphed authorities at
Berlin that the blockade against the
returning delegates is proving a great
inconvenience to the expedition and
urged the lifting of the embargo.
Blackmail Profit Big.
New York Blackmailing operations
carried on at the summer resorts,
which are said to have netted more
than $250,000, were revealed by two
arrests here. Men who posed as gov'
ernment agents, aided by women con
federates, are declared to have extort
ed money from many persons, by
threatening them with exposure under
the Mann act. On complaint of the
Philadelphia office of the department
of Justice, Robert A. Tourbillion was
held in $50,000 bail on a charge of
conspiracy to extort money.
Austrian Cruiser Is Sunk.
Rome, via London It is officially
announced that the French submarine
Foucault. attached to the Italian fleet,
tornedoed and sank Thursday in the
Adriatic sea an Austrian scout cruiser
of the Novara type. Scout cruisers of
the Novara type, of which there are
four the Novara, Helgoland, Saida
and Admiral Spaun have a displace
ment of 3384 tons, and carry in their
armament two 18-inch torpedo tubes
and nine 3.9-inch gunB.
The Foucault was built in 1912 at
Cherbourg andJiB 167 feet long.
broilers, 18c; tukreys, live, 1820c;
turkeys, dressed, choice, 26c; ducks,
1216c; geese, 12 13c.
Butter City creamery, cubes, ex-
prevented from entering the church by
the opposing faction, but bunday ar
rangements had been made to say mass
under the protection of the sheriff who
called on the state police.
A detail of a dozen troopers was on
hand when services were to have
opened, but so forbidding was the atti
tude of the crowd that a call was sent
in for more and 24 responded.
Before the reinforcements arrived
the mob had attacked the first detach
ment and when the second reached the
scene most of the damage had been
done. A second riot ensued, in which
the fighting was spectacular.
When Father Kurkowski, surround
ed by state troopers, reached the
church a crowd of 600 men and women
already had gathered. The sheriff
pleaded with the mob to disperse and
permit the priest to enter the church
The mob ignored him and began to
throw red pepper and mustard into the
faces of the sheriff and troopers.
Then the church bell began to toll.
As if this were a pre-arranged signal,
the mob charged the sheriff and the
troopers. Captain Pitcher, who stood
beside the sheriff, was struck on the
head with a heavy club. As he stag
gered back one of the rioters hit him
with a stone. He fell unconscious into
the arms of one of his men and was
carried through the crowd to a house
near by.
Then the call was sent for reinforce
ments. Eighteen troopers hurried
from the local barracks to the scene.
Riot sticks were brought into action
in an effort to disperse the mob. -The
women fled in terror. The men stood
their ground and one after another
fell.
Trooper Hummer was in the thick
of the fight when a burly man crept up
behind him and struck him on the head
with a heavy club. Hummer dropped,
In another moment his assailant was
stretched out beside him by a f ellow
trooper.
Troopers made wholesale arrests of
the ringleaders. .These were taken in
to the basement of the church and
placed under guard.
score of persons are in hospitals recov
ering from injuries.
North Platte, Neb., reported the
lowest temperature in the new storm
area 18 degrees below zero.
A bizzard prevailed all over Kansas.
Snow measuring from two to four
inches fell in that state.
The weather map issued by the local
bureau shows a range of 128 degrees
in the United States and Canada dur
ing this storm. Little Rock had the
highest reading 70 above while
Prince Albert, Canada, had the lowest
68 below, The map shows the
Northwest still is firmly held by an un
precedented coM wave that has pre
vailed in that section for a week,
Temperatures of 48 degrees below zero
in Montana, 40 below in North Dakota
and 32 below at Rapid City, S. D.,
prevailed.
On the 28th anniversary 01 the most
terrible blizzard of which there is any
record in this Bection, during which
many persons and thousands of head of
stock perished from cold, the mercury
registered 9 degrees below zero in
Omaha. This temperature was accom
panied by a heavy fall of snow and a
Btrong north wind.
Sioux Falls reported temperatures
ranging from 15 to 24 degrees below
zero, with a snow and wind storm rag
ing. Norfolk. Neb., reported 20 be
low and Winner, S. D., 40 below.
At Sioux City 28 degrees below was
recorded. ..
Hops 1915 crop, 910,c pound.
Wool Eastern Oregon, 1826c;
valley, 2626c; fall lambs' wool, 26c;
mohair, Oregon, 28c pound.
Cascara bark Old and new, SJ4c
pound.
Cattle Choice steers, $7.Z&)7.u;
good, $6.767; medium, $6.506.75;
choice cows, $5.50 6.Z5; choice,
$5.606; medium, $4.755.25; heif
ers, $4 6.40; bulls, $2.60 4.60;
stags, $36.26.
Hogs Light, $6.606.90; heavy,
$6.506.90.
Sheep WetherB, $67.26; ewes,
$4.256.30: lambB, $78.25.
Warmest Spot 25 Below,
Great Falls, Mont. Northern Mon
tana experienced the coldest weather
in years Thursday night. The weather
bureau thermometer in Great Falls
showed 35 degrees below zero, this be
ing the warmest spot in thiB region.
Malta was the lowest, with the ther
mometer at 68 below and Glasgow was
a close second with 66 below.
Cyclone Wrecks Town. .
Nashville, Tenn. Four persons were
injured by a cyclone which swept Mad
ison Station, nine miles from Nash
ville, late Thursday. Several houses
were destroyed.
Fish Market Short.
Tacoma Fresh halibut is reported
scarce on the local market. Dealers,
however, expect regualr shipments to
begin and keep up after a week or so.
Receipts are far below the demand
and the fish is going at 9c to lie a
pound. What is being received is of
excellent quality. The shortage is
attributed directly to the fact that
fishermen laid off work during the holi
days and after that the weather was
too stormy to permit them to make
any reasonable catches.
Salmon also is reported scarce, with
not enough being obtained to accom
modate the trade. Steelheads and
Alaska kings are the only varieties
received. The steelheads are being
caught in the Columbia and other
Northwest rivers, in the Grays Harbor
and Puget Sound districts. The kings
come from Alaska.
Butter remains at the advanced
prices and is very firm, say jobbers, at
4c a pound. No change either
way is expected for some time. Prac
tically no Oregon butter is being re
ceived, but what little does come in is
moving out at 82c a pound.
Ranch eggs are a bit easier, dealers
setting prices down at 3436c a dozen
to encourage sales, they say.
The local produce market shows no
change. The boards are well supplied
and dealers are doing a good business.
It was formerly believed that black
head occurred only in the turkey. Con
tinued observation soon made It clear,
however, that fowls also might have
the disease, and It Is now a well es
tablished fact that not only fowl, but
practically all domestlo poultry are
susceptible; and, although they are
much more resistant than turkeys,
they frequently die ot blackhead. The
same organism has been round in
guinea fowl, ducks, pheasants, quail,
grouse, pigeons and sparrows. But
the chief danger from such general
occurrence of the disease in a mild
form lies in the fact that where there
per are domestlo poultry the grounds are
necessarily contaminated with the
causative organism, and thus rendered
unsuitable for ralBlng turkeys. For
this reason it is never safe to allow
turkeys and other poultry to use the
same yards. The occurrence of the dis
ease in wild birds such as the quail,
grouse and In several varieties of spar
rows, adds to the varied possibilities
for infection.
As a general things, the poultryman
will do better to study methods of
prevention than to waste his money
on so-called "remedies" and "cures1
for blackhead. Treatment should be,
In the main, limited to such birds as
are of special value, and the poultry-
man should devote his attention to se
curing conditions which are calculated
to prevent the disease in his flocks as
a whole.
Regarding such preventive measures
the following, though simple, may be
recommended: (1) Protect the yards
and flocks which may have the good
fortune to be uninfected with black
head by a careful examination ot all
new stock, whether turkeys, fowls,
geese or other domestic birds. (2)
Keep the turkeys on grounds which
are as fresh as can be obtained.
Change the range at least every year
or two, and, above all, keep them
Isolated from fowl and other poultry.
(3) Keep every turkey in the flock
under frequent observation in order
to separate, and at once isolate, any
bird which gives evidence of the dis
ease. To facilitate such observations
it is of the greatest help to legband
every bird, and to record Us weight
from time to time. This procedure
may be looked upon by the average
poultryman as difficult and imprac
ticable. (4) If it is known that black
head is present in any of the poultry,
the yards Bhould be kept as tree as
possible from English sparrows, and
Best Results Obtained by Working
Animals Three Abreast Have
Proper Fitting Collars.
Horses should not be overworked.
Heavy plowing and harrowing should
be done with three horses abreast. It
is a very effective team. When the
team commences to flag from over
work, especially when the weather la,
hot, rest at once, wash out the mouth
ot each horse and give a little water.
A little meal In the water is a capital
thing for horses at noon, and right
when they come home tired one pint
in two gallons of water is about the
right quantity.
See that the collars fit properly. A
collar that will fit one horse may not
It another. Each horse should have
ARGF. HORSES FOR PLOWING
EXTRA LINEN SUPPLY
MATTER THAT 13 THE DESIRE OP
EVERY HOUSEWIFE.
Splendid Type for Farm Work.
his own collar. Have the collars
scraped oft before they are put on in
the morning. Let down the check
reins when at work; It Is a good plan
to take off the check reins entirely, as
the horse cannot do his best when his
head is checked up. He should have
tree use of his head.
Bronze Turkeys.
GOOD LIVE STOCK PAYS
It makes farming permanent.
It returns highest price for
farm crops.
It furnishes market for waste
feeds.
It reduces bulk of marketable
crops.
It distributes labor throughout
the year.
It means cleaner farms.
It makes Income steady.
It helps to keep boys on the
farm.
It makes farm life pleasanter.
Monograms Should Be Embroidered
on Every Piece Fancy Work
That Can Be Don In Mo
ments of Leisure. v
No housekeeper can ever have
enough attractive linen for her table
and her bedrooms. She may have
enough for actual service, but it Is
wise to keep Just a little ahead of the
actual need In extra towels tor guest
room and bathroom. It is also advis
able to keep just a little ahead In
the supply ot linen for the table.
Every set ot napkins and each table
cloth should have the housewife's sur
name initial or her monogram em
broidered upon It. There Is a question
as to the proper place to put the
initial or monogram, but the majority
prefer the letter on tablecloths to be
in the corner, where they will come
just off the rounded edge of the table.
Napkins should have the initial! In
the corner or in the middle on one
side, where they will be on top when
the napkins are folded. Tea napkins
are the only ones on which a wreath
can appropriately be placed. It Is
quite permissible to place an initial
within the wreath or other decorative
motif. Tea napkins can also be fin
ished with hemstitched or scalloped
edges.
Some women may argue that they
haven't time to put fancy work on
household linen. This is a poor ar
gument, for almost every woman has
few moments during the day when
she sits down to chat with a neigh
bor or when she is waiting for the
homecoming ot her husband to his
evening meal. It is during these odd
moments that a great deal can be
accomplished, especially in the way
ot fancy work. Pick-up work is good
for the nerves.
ADVANTAGES OF SINGLE DISK
Hat Better Penetration and Little
Greater Draft Than the Double
Disk Also Works Soil.
Mexican Meat Loaf.
Mix thoroughly a pound and a half
ot chopped beef, half a pound of finely
chopped veal and a quarter ot a pound
of chopped salt pork, a tablespoonful
of finely minced parsley, half a
chopped onion aud a tablespoonful of
minced green pepper, also a teaspoon
ful ot salt and a saltspoonful ot pep
per. Cut a long, narrow strip from a
canned pimento and arrange a layer
of the meat mixture firmly In the bot
tom of a dish previously wet with cold
water. Then lay the pimento strip
lengthwise on the meat and cover
with the remainder of the meat Pack
In well and bake three-quarters of an
hour In a quick oven. Make a gravy
of the drippings, adding a little tomato
juice and chopped green pepper.
Chinese Rebels Victors.
Sah Francisco Sixty thousand rev
olutionary troops have defeated the
forces of Yuan Shi Kai, in the prov
ince of Sze Chuen. according to a
cablegram received here from Shang
hai by Tong King Chong, president 01
the Chinese Republic association. The
battle ended with the capture and oc
cupation of Tsue Chow Fu by revolu
tionary forces, who, the- caDie said,
were also threatening Cheng Tu, cap
ital of the province of Sze Chuen,
The losses in killed and wounded, the
cablegram said, were about 1000.
Villa Colonels Executed.
Juarez, Mex. Two Villa officers,
Colonel Valles and Lieutenant Colonel
Cisneros. were executed at Guzman,
Chihuahua, Sunday, according toad
vices received here from Casas
Grandes by the Carranza commandant
here. Two Villa generals with small
bands have sought amnesty. Colonel
Valles was the leader of bandits who
terrorized Durango and Chihuahua
state before the Madero revolt. It
was he who also had charge of the ex
ecutions which followed the capture of
Juarez by Villa two years ago.
Buchanan's Charge Fails.
Washington, D. C. Representative
Buchanan's impeachment charges
against U. S. Attorney Marshall, of
New York, again were referred to the
house judiciary committee over the op-
oosition of Chairman Webb, who said
the committee had made two futile at
tempts to find evidence upon which the
charges are based. Mr. Buchanan
brought his charges iust before Mr.
Marshall secured his indictment, with
some others connected with the Labor
National peace council, on charges of
conspiracy to Interfere with munitions.
Student Bowl Fatal to One.
Philadeplhia One student was killed
and six others Were injured in the.an-
nual bowl fight between the freshmen
snd sophomore classes of the Univer
sity of Pennsylvania, which wss won
bv the first-year men. The student
who lost bis life was wniaim Liison,
17 vears old, of Elizabeth, N. J.
There were 700 men in the struggle,
400 sophomores and 300 frehsmen.
Edward A. Lifson, a senior, and a
brother of the dead freshman, who
witnessed the fighting, said his broth
er's death was accidental.
Big Naval Corps Asked.
Washington. D. C.- Immediate
tion by congress to authorize an I
crease in the corps of midshipmen at
Annapolis is urged by Secretary Dan
iels in a letter to Chairman Padgett,
of the house naval committee.
The letter says that if a full number
of vacancies be made available for ap
pointments by members of congress
before March, the academy will be
able to handle a much larger class
next year.
Peace Meetings Stormed.
London A peace meeting arranged
for Sunday evening at the Brother
hood church in a northern suburb was
stopped by a group of civilians and
soldiers.. The platform was stormed;
blows were exchanged; the piano was
overturned and the peace banners were
torn down. The police closed the
building after the disturbance had con
tinued for an hour. Anit-compulsion
meetings in Manchester, Crews and
other cities resulted in lively scene.
Lynching Intent Hinted. '
El Paso, Tex. General Jose Ynez
Sslazar, ex-Mexican army officer, fled
El Paso Thursday night, fearing re
prisal by enraged American mining
men. It was reported that a party of
20 Americans called at Salazars hotel
early in the evening. The object of
their visit was not explained. Shortly
after the arrival of the Americans the
chief of police and the county sheriff
appeared at the hotel with a posse 01
policemen.
Aberdeen Plans Activity.
Aberdeen, Wash. A campaign to
procure new factories and to develop
the agricultural and dairying interests
in this county was launched here re
cently at an enthusiastic annual meet
ing of the Aberdeen Chamber of Com
merce. Definite action in this cam
paign will be taken by a meeting of
directors and later by a large commer
cial gathering. New officers and a
new executive committee for the
Chamber of Commerce will be elected
by a committee of ten, named at the
annual meeting.
Butter Prices Up Four Cents
Portland A 4-cent advance in but
ter is announced, which puts the
local market on a 32-cent basis for
the best city cubes. The main reason j
for the rise was a sharp advance at
Seattle on both butter and butterf at.
The San Francisco market was also
strong. The cold snap has curtailed
production, and there has been no ex
cess of the best city creamery cutter
on the market for some time.
The egg market is holding about
steady. Receipts are of fair size, con
sidering the cold weather.
Ten Per Cent More Apples Than 1916.
Washington, D. C The country's
store of apples on January 1 was shout
10 per cent larger than it was a year
ago. A statement issued by the de
partment of agriculture said this was
true despite the fact that the supply
decreased 12 per cent during Decem
ber. The figures show that 8,881,000
barrels and 8,049,000 boxes of apples
comprised the country's apple supply
the first ot the year.
the poultry houses and grain bins from
rats and mice, since it has been shown
that these rodents carry the parasite.
(5) If it is desired to fatten birds for
market, begin to Increase the rations
Gradually. Never attempt to latten
birds which, in successive weighings,
show a loss of weight. Overfeeding
does not cause blackhead, but It does
frequently cause the sudden death
birds in which blackhead is present.
(6) When birds have died of black
head their bodies Bhould be promptly
burned or burled In order to prevent
the dissemination ot the coccldla,
either through the ravages of rats or
skunks or by leaving the dead birds to
decay about the premises.
Regarding therapeutic measures, the
following may have some advantages
if given early in acute cases ot black
head: (1) Isolate the sick bird from
the flock and place it in a dry, well
ventilated location, free from coldB and
drafts. (2) Feed sparingly on soft,
light, easily assimilable food, with lit
tle grain, especially corn.
It is generally understood that the
single disk grain drill has better pene
tration -and a little greater draft than
the double disk drill. The single disk
has an advantage where trash must be
encountered and where difficulty 1b
experienced in securing sufficient pene
tration. The single disk also works
the soil to some degree, giving a pul
verizing action during the seeding
process. It is the more simple of the
two types of disk openers, the double
disk having two bearings instead of
one to keep in repair.
It is claim 3d that the double disk
opener can be used in muddy or very
sticky soil where the single disk falls,
and this statement seems particularly
true with those double disks which
drop or throw the seed ahead of the
disk bearing where It Is carried down
to bottom of the furrow by the down
travel of the front half of the disk
blades. Seeding can often be accom
plished by such design and the blades
kept fairly clean In sticky soli. If
many low wet spots must be encoun
tered these features of the double disk
must be taken into consideration.
The double disk drill will give good
satisfaction In well prepared ground
which is free from lumps, stones and
trash, it care is taken to keep the
blades tn good condition; but simplic
ity and penetrating ability are fea
tures ot the single disk which make It
the most popular am nig the middle
western farmers.
Pennsylvania Plum Pudding.
One cupful milk, two eggs, one cup
ful molasses, one-half teaspoonful nut
meg, one-half teaspoonful salt, two
teaspoonfuU baking powder, one cup
ful bread crumbs, one-half cupful corn
meal, one cupful chopped beef suet,
one-quarter cupful finely minced cit
ron, one cupful seeded raisins, one
half cupful currants; flour to make a
stiff batter. Steam fully three hours,
turn from the mold and strew chopped
almonds over top. Serve pudding hot,
with sauce made thus: Cream to
gether one cupful ot pulverized sugar,
scant one-halt cupful of butter, beat
whites of two eggs in, one at a time,
and one teaspoonful of lemon flavor
ing; Btand on ice a Bhort time before
serving. Serve sauce very cold.
HIGHEST TEST FOR THE COW
This Condition Often Brought About
by High Feeding During Resting
Period of Animal.
A cow very often tests her highest
a few davs after calving, unless it be
luBt before she goes dry.
The high test is often brought bdoui
through high feeding during her rest
ing period.
After a short time she resumes
what may be termed her normal test
and will not show a great deal ot dif
ference from month to month in the
fat content of her milk until well to
ward the close of her lactation, when
the test increases and often becomes
very high just before she quits glvinf
milk.
To Beat an Egg Quickly.
Break the egg into an ordinary
glass tumbler. Place a piece ot clean
tissue paper on the top. Hold it
firmly down all around to keep out
the air. Place the other hand on
the top of the paper and shake the
tumbler vigorously two or three
times. The egg is then ready to use
without any further effort, and la as
well-beaten as If whipped for ten
minutes.
FEED VALUE OF BUTTERMILK
Where Hogs Are Bringing Seven Cents
Per Pound It Is Worth About 42
Cents Per 100 Pounds.
Buttermilk Is generally credited
with having the same feeding value
sb skim milk unless considerable wa
ter has been added.
One rule for finding the value ot 100
pounds of skim milk or buttermilk
when fed with corn or barley is to
multiply the market price ot hogs per
pound by six. Then if hogs are bring
ing seven cents per pound the value ot
the buttermilk Is about 42 cents per
100 pounds.
Another rule proposed many years
ago Is that 100 pounds ot skim milk or
buttermilk, when fed with corn or bar
ley, 1b worth one-half the market price
of corn per buBhel.
Keep a Few 8heep.
The presence of a flock of sheep on
a grain farm does not necessitate a
material reduction in the area devot
ed to grain growing, but on the other
hand it never fails to insure a larger
yield of better grain, and it makes pos
sible the growing of gram ror a long
er period of years than can be done
without them, or some other kind of
live stock. a
Planting Berry Bushes.
It is best not to put the bushes on
sod land; where a crop ot vegetables
has been grown would be the best
spot.
Lack of moisture or excess of water
bush plants will resent even to the
dying point.
Don't overcrowd; have the rasp
berries, currants and gooseberries
three feet apart In the row, and the
rows four feet apart; the blackberries
should have a little more room than
this.
Denver Arrests Fewer.
Denver A tabulation of po'lce ar
rest in Denver for the first ten day
of 1916, when state-wide prohibition
became effective, shows a total of 149
for various offenses as compared with
a total of 401 for th same period of
last year. Twenty-three arrested for
drunkenness as compared with 76 for
the first ten days of 1916.
Ice Harvest Is Begun.
North Powder, Or. The Pacific
Fruit Express company began harvest
ing its annual ice crop this week,
which will give employment to 160 to
200 men and several teams at this
point. A. Lund also has a crew of
men cutting and shipping from his ice
pond here to La Grande, Or., and other
points.
Use of Immature Corn.
Any corn which has attained nearly
its full height and in which ear are
formed will make excellent fodder If
It la cut before being severely frozen
and put Into medium-sized shock for
curing. It will also make fairly good
sllag. Bundle corn or ensilage from
Immature corn will make satisfactory
rouah tned for sheep or stock cattle.
Oatmeal Muffin.
Put two cupfuls of uncooked oat
meal In bowl, pour over one and one-
half cupfuls sour milk, cover and let
stand over night. In the morning add
one-third cupful sugar, one-fourth cup
ful melted butter, one egg, well beat
en, one teaspoonful salt and one cupful
flour. Beat thoroughly, place tn but
tered hot Iron gem pans; bake in a hot
oven 20 minutes.
Creamed Chicken Celery.
Melt 2,4 tablespoonfuls of butter,
add three tablespoonfuls of flour and
pour on gradually one cupful ot milk;
season with halt teaspoonful ot salt,
one-eighth teaspoonful of celery salt
and a few grains of pepper; then add
lft cupfuls cold cooked chicken cut in
cubes and one-third cupful celery cut
In small pieces.
Rations With Variety.
A ration composed of numerous
well-chosen feeds is always superior
to a ration having only two or three
different feeds. Rations having much
variety are ordinarily more appetizing
than those that do not, so are ot par
ticular value In restoring a lost appe
tite and the accompanying decreased
milk flow. .
To Bleach Endive.
Endive should have the leaves
brought together and tied, tn order to
bleach lb
Value of Garnishing.
Garnishing Is a feature of cookery
not to be despised, as under its gentle
Influence a family will yield to econ
omy whon curtain lectures and a flat
purBe fall to convince. irresn parsiey,
celery leaves, sliced lemon and tri
angles of golden-brown toast are de
pendable garnishes.
To Serve Potatoes.
Potatoes should always be served In
an uncovered dish. It It is necessary
for them to stand for a few minutes
before being served, cover them with
a cloth, not a lid, in order that the
steam as it condenses may be ab
sorbed by the cloth and not returned
to the potatoes to make them soggy.
Anna Potatoes.
Wash and pare medium-sized pota
toes, cut lengthwise In one-quarter-inch
dices, fasten with skewer
(toothpicks), parboil ten minute,
place In dripping pan and bake about
twenty minutes in a hot oven, basting
often with butter or some other tat
To Fasten Strainer.
Use clothespins to pin the cloth
over the dish In which you are strain
ing. It is much mors convenient than,
trying to hold It