West side enterprise. (Independence, Polk County, Or.) 1904-1908, May 21, 1908, Image 6

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    FRIEND TO FRIEND.
The personal recommendations of people who
have been cured of coughs and colds by Cham
berlain's Cough Remedy have done more than all
else to make it a staple article of trade and com
merce over a large part of the civilized world.
AN INSTANCE.
Locy Soddreth, of Lenoir. N. C. had been troubled with
.wy bad cough for over a year. Sheaaya: "Attend
bought a bottl. of Chamrlaii' Couch Rkmwv.
brought it to bm and Inaiated that I hould take it. I did
ao and to my aurprie it Wped aaa. Four bottle ol
nd mm ( my gh."
ABOUT THE FARM.
If the $200,000, more or less, that Is
pent annually In the farcical distri
bution of seeds of very 'Indifferent
merit by the congressmen who hops
thereby to better their chances of re
election were divided equally among
the several states and territories for
use in practical and helpful experi
ment station work, it would be a far
more serviceable disposal of the money.
Of an estimated total forest area In
the confines of the United States of
700,000,000 acres the amount in state
or national reserves Is placed at 22 per
cent, while the rest is in unreserved
public lands or private tracts. The to
tal area, however held, is deemed suf
ficient with right management by those
who have made a study of the subject
to eventually supply the lumber needs
of the country, and this in spite of a
continually increasing demand.
On every farm where grain is raised
and where Intensive methods have be
come Imperative the seed drill should
be used for all the small grains.' Not
only is less seed required : where the
drill is used, but by sowing the seed
at an even depth and in moist soil a
better and more uniform stand of
grain is secured. Experiments con
ducted by the Illinois experiment sta
tion showed that an increase in yield
of from five to seven bushels per acre
was secured on plots of ground where
the drill -was used.
For a number of years following the
Introduction of "the culture of sugar
beets in this country in 1887 the indus
try wa,at;a standstill. By 1893 the
production of beet sugar had reached
22,344 short ions. In 1901 it .was 184,
606, while last year the total output
was 500,000 short tons. The increase
noted is due chiefly to the extending of
the culture of the sugar beets In. the
Irrigation sections" of the west rather
than to its adoption in sections where
there is sufficient rainfall to ' produce
the ordinary tilled farm crops.
. With a view to freeing themselves
from the dictation of beef prices by
the Chicago packing houses, a group
of central Iowa farmers have lately
ehipped a carload of fide beeves direct
to Tortland, Me., where they will be
loaded for shipment to-England. A
prior shiproent,.d)rect to the Liverpool
market resulted in their receiving such
good prices that they were led to try
the plan again. There would seem to
be no good reason why this method
could not be followed right along
whenever Chicago or other packing
house centers were not paying a fair
price.
A report which we have seen circu
lated, but not yet verified, is that Iowa
farmers are taking advantage of the
excessively high, prices of butter by
selling their entire product at top notch
New York prices and are importing for
their own use oleomargarine from the
Chicago packing houses. The writer
la disposed to brand this as fiction, as
Iowa farmers possess a reputation for
feood sense as well as a desire to make
noney in dairying. If the charge is
itrue in acr sense, it is probably the
ifolks who don't have any cows at all
"that are lubricating $eir . flapjacks
Hrttn oleomargarine.
The total clip of wooi in the United
States for 1007 was 298.294,750 pounds.
Including the washed and unwashed
product Of the total output there
were 130.359,118 pounds of scoured
wool, valued at $78,2(53.105.
About the easiest money made on
American farms, entailing no drain
upon the fertility of the soil, is that re
turn secured from the flocks of sheep
which consume the largely waste vege
table growths to be found thereon.
There are four things that a farmer
of good health Is justified in going into
debt for namely, tiling the wet acres
on his farm, a manure spreader, fences
that will enable him to keep sheep and
a soft water cistern for the good house
wife. The farmer and gardener, even
though he may not have an aesthetic
taste which would cause blm to pro
tect bird life for its sake alone, if he
has but a thought for the size of his
pocketbook will do all he can to shield
the birds of the community, in which
he lives from their many, enemies.
Never before has the place of the birds
In the system of nature's economy
been more fully appreciated than now
and never so high a value placed on
the service which they render to man.
If the failure to get a start in clover
is due to the same causes as with al
falfa, it is quite likely that in a good
many cases insufficient seed is sown
to give a proper stand. Especjajlyjs
this the case where no nurse crop is
sown and where, if the clover plants
do not get a good start of the weeds,
the weeds will swamp the clover and
smother it out True, clover seed is
expensive, but this furnishes addition
al", .reason why, if it is worth .while
sowing the crop at all, enough should
be sown to produce a satisfactory
stand. . . ; ; . .,
1 '
Of different food products for farm
animals a chemical, analysis shows dry
alfalfa hay to be just . about equal
pound for pound to bran. In a ton of
the former there are 220 pounds of pro
tein, 792 pounds of carbohydrates and
24 pounds of fat. In the same weight
of bran there are 244 pounds of pro
tein, 772 pounds of carbohydrates and
60 pounds of fat. These figures ex
plain why alfalfa is such a boon to
those sections of the country where it
can be successfully grown. Red clover
hay is an excellent substitute for al
falfa, a ton containing 136 pounds of
of protein, 716 pounds of, carbohydrates
and ,34 pounds of fat
If any of the readers of these notes
are planning to set out timber lots on
a modest or large scale this spring,
we would advise them to communi
cate with the directors of the horti
cultural department of their state ex
periment station or with the forest
service bureau at Washington. From
either source data will be forthcoming
which will not only recommend the
best trees to set out in a given local
ity, but will give details of the best
methods to get the wood lots started
and the care they should receive. The
forestry question is a very" live one
Just now, and both state and federal
departments are more tlvan anxious to
aid any who desire, to assist In the
work of reforestation.
To f t roUn output of Braitt
b tUinatd at m. 1hi, and. atvonl
lux to rrir! rr-clrd fru I'Bltod
hi ira rm,uta Uvlu In ruuirr,
lb laJuairjr la linrvain rapidly.
Priuillna uwii.U l
bettr. auti Ui quality of the wl
not la mm.
A much wre arnlt and profltabla
tyiwuf artnHur will prevail thaa la
frtirral luJay tNi every quarter ac
tion farm In U country auppcwta a
Bird of rrtxu thirty l aifty ahwp. Tin-
ara Inrg rouauux-ra of ata vrffrtable
grwtha-il bjprwlueU of tha farta
au.l far thla tu v,rjr laudowner
abould keep niH -
If th farwir la In auoh atralta Dnan
dally that b mut l"t blm
go without aoeka and uii'.lf mhlrt rather
than aorhnp on the prli-e of afrd corn
or oata that h haa to buy thla a.-aon.
lie would I far letter off at harvest
time or huaklntf If ha got good twtl
oata at "5 cttta and atl com at f.1
than be would to take mmt awd of ei
ther grain aa a gift. Kconomle if mm
nuiHt. but lot it not 1 In a.nnla of any
kind.
Every bit of clover Bnd that 1
bouitht thla eprtiif abould lie carefully
tiamluiHl under a mlcwani Wtr
It la paid for aud put In the aoll. The
aeed la bound to 1 hlnh. and the
temptation will be great to adulterate
It with the ai-odii of other worthleaa or
noxloua phi n and wetnla. luy It long
rnotiiili U f..re It I to I used ao that
If netwaary a aample of the aeed ran
be aubmllted to your etnte esperlment
atntlou olll lala fur lnaMs-tlon.
In the northern atatea 'alfa ran le
more enally atnrted In the early part
of Augiixt than In April. when
given the late plaining opportunity Is
afforded during the preceding inoutlw
to kill moat of the weed aeeds that
may be lodsred In the aoll. The aoll
ahould be put In the bent of tilth anil
the seed either drilled In or draiwed
enough so that there will be aultloleiit
moisture for purioe of germ I nation
It la well to remember that alfalfa,
like red clover, does not do well on
low or undralued soils.
Owing to the light weight of oats In
so many sectiona of the country where
an excellent crop of thla cereal !
usually produced, the matter of getting
good seed is going to be one of consid
erable difficulty this spring. Whether
home or foreign grown aeed Is used,
the grain should be put through a fan
ning mill under a good blast of air for
the purpose of getting rid of the light,
chaffy kernels, which, as a rule, have
iittia or no irermtnattng power. In
the process a good deal of weed seed
Is also likely to he euminaieu, no
Is a decided benefit
nnn hundred and fifty thousand acres
of irrigable land In Eden valley, Wyo
ming, will be opened ror settlement un
Hf th rrev federal Irrigation act
June 1. and it ia expected farmers from
many sectiona of the country win not-
ih.n tn mnk pntrv on the land, which
promises to be very productive under
the irrigation system wnicu m ucmt,
completed. The Eden valley project is
the largest of twenty-four provided foq
In the state. The valley in question is
situated twenty miles from Rock
Springs, a station on the Union Ta
ctile, whence It Is easily accessible by
stage.
While he may show a very humble
and democratic spirit in so doing, a;
boy or man is a traitor to himself and
the times in which he lives if he is
content to do drudge work and does
not take steps to fit himself to do the
highest class of work of which he is
capable. . ,t Not only is this argument
Justifiable from the standpoint of the
wage which one will receive, but car-'
ried out extensively it wll reduce the
number of those who are by circum,'
stance or necessity destined to do the,
rough work of life and thereby Insure
them better pay for their labor. Ond
will always find a better paying posi
tion, higher, up Jn the Industrial scale i
he only fits himself to perform its
duties. ' I
A Minnesota orchardlst, writing an
agricultural paper in that state, exj
presses very serious, doubts as to the
hardiness of the Northwestern Green;
ing, which, while not an apple of high
grade or quality, has been about the
onlyi hope of the apple men of the
north central states when it came to
a variety that would keep through the
winter. He states that, all of the trees
of - this variety in two counties in the
state which bore good crops of fruit in
1903 died the following, year. If it
should prove true .that this apple is
not hardy north of latitude 43, it will
nrnvo ft distinct loss and a source of
disappointment .to orehardists in the
territory mentioned, ana tnose m pui
finniar whn have nlanted it in commer
cial tracts in the hope that it would be
a hardy winter variety ana prontaDie.
a iwont bulletin isued by the de
partment of . agriculture gives an inter
esting account of brome grass, or Bro
inermls. as it is scientifically call
ed. iFor fprage purposes this grass is
considered as not quite so vaiuaDie a
umAthT hnt it Is superior to timothy
in one respect that it will flourish un
der semiarld conditions where tne lat
ter grass will not grow at all. The
brome grass makes a firm, tough sod,
nn excellent characteristic while It Is
In pasture, but which becomes a draw
back when it comes to breaking the
meadow no and nutting it into a tinea
crop, as it requires at least two years
to thoroughly kill all .the grass after it
has once acquired a foothold. The bul
letin states that brome grass furnishes
more forage ia the western parts, of
the Dakotas than the Dative varieties
ond mi fnrasre in the eastern part of
the states than Kentucky blue grass.
It la an ImvmUtif fact Ibat, bit
the ri porta of bacon from ll I nl'ed
Main u the fulled KludiH bave
fallen off fivln 3i!..J iwmda In
lvi M ll'".i'.',i Kiiut In Mi,
hatrs the rt-rt wwe A.a
pouutU lu If! t lT0.ia.uV pounda In
Ita.
Of the agricultural producta Imported
Into the l ulled Ktatea during the peat
year plant produtta rotiatltuted 13.
tni,ii. Of tbl amount the rblrf
ItDuia were: Vugar and luulanw-a,
(MV00; eoffee. TH.ii0,n; vrcwtabla
nbrra. gtliOuM; fruit" ind tobacco,
each l.'tMXaU; vrgvuul" otla, 115
tIXM.
There la one thing that la In worae
tame than eemltug a atatemeut of ac
count or "dun" lo a debtor, nd that
la for the debtor lo allow the account
In queation In run until hla creditor
Omla It necary to reaort lo thla
meana of collecting. There are many
wbo aevm to take offenae at a dun
who are not able to ae the other aide
of the proposition.
A friend writing ua atntee that he la
t a loaa to unilertaud why high priced
laud In ao many etlona la left lying
Idle for lack of projwr tiling. He atatea
that It haa coat blm but 13 an acre for
the land be haa actually tiled, while
the land thua drained bna liecomo the
moat productive f bla whole farm.
Our friend atatea that nnder no clrcum
atancea would he lay a amaller tile
than four Inches In diameter, a amaller
alxe 11 ng at tluiea unable to do the
work required of It.
The common red aqulrrel la a relent
leaa enemy of bird life, and the farmer
and gardener will tie ahead at the end
of the aeaon If he extermlnatea all
theae anlmala that frequent the wood
lota In the vicinity. It la proliably be
couae of theae graceful aud cute yet
cruel little raacala ao many varletlee of
birds Bhun wood lota aa nesting placea,
preferring rather to make their homes
nearer the dwellings of man, whither
theae enemies come leas frequently to
dlaturb them. Squirrels are all right
In a pie; elaewhere we prefer the blrda.
A nearby nurseryman writes ua that
he considers the common mole one of
his bent friends and never thinks of
killing one of the little fellows. He
haa learned by experience that their
chief article of food Is the white grub,
or larva of the June bug, which not
only worka havoc in strawberry beds,
but also In flower and vegetable gar
dens. While he admits that the mole
now and then makes the lawn look
somewhat unalghtly in his search for
gruba and worms, It Is his view that
he does vastly more giod than harm
In nature's economy.
It Is estimated that 300,000 cage
birds are Imported Into the United
States every yenr. Most of them come
from Europe, Germany in particular,
where the Industry Is carried on in a
small way by the housewives, who car
er tt nn aa a aide lasue in connection
with their household duties. The birds
require relatively little care, yet bring
a hnndRome revenue. Officials of the
department of agriculture are of the
opinion that these birds couiu in n
short time lie raised in this country in
Btend of lielne Imported from European
countries In case proper attention were
given to the matter.
There are two or three things that
ought to be remembered In making the
hotbed," or .cold frame, as it Is perhaps
more properly-called. First, use fresh
horse manure that will heat Sortie It
down, and . let .It warm up. considerably
before' 'putting.' In the earth and don't
pack the earth down so tight as to pre
vent: the heating process,. Three. -or
four inches!. of soil, depending some
what upon its texture, ought to be suf
ficient. Let the earth warm thorough
ly,, before- plqntlng the; seeds. , Water
frequently and rnjse the sash on warm
days, and be sure to have horse blan
kets readj; when the. thermometer goes
down to zero. ; ..-,
1 The person -who -sets out. an 'orchard
for the first time usually makes the
mistake of- selecting 'too triany varie
ties. It is far better, and more satisfactory'-
to,' select two or three hardy
standard varieties, fall or winter, as
the case may be, and pass up ithe job
of using several . acres as an, experi
mental plot for thirty or forty varie
ties that the nurseryman may 1 urge
upon you. Terhaps the . wisdom of
having but two or three varieties' is
not fully -realized until the trees come
Into bearing and one has the market
ing of the fruit .to-, attend to.. With
many varieties ' and as many seasons
of ripening there Is much delay 'and
putter work in picking and disposing
of the fruit, while the prices one. pan
get for little dabs are not so. satisfac
tory as for good sized consignments of
but two or three varieties.
If the children are given prtper
tralnlag in the.' home it will include,
Rmong other things, the inculcating in
a firm and gentle, manner of traits of
promptness, obedience and respect .. It
may for the time being tie easier for
the parent to follow the line of least
resistance and allow the child to have
his own way, but In the long run this
Is simply but a postponement and mul
tiplying of problems of government.
Conditions surrounding the child should
be such that respect and obedience will
not have to be insisted oh in violation
of the child's sense of Justice, which,
while It mav not be worked out Into a
theory, is nevertheless keenly develop
ed. Crowning and gracing all relations
between child and parent, there should
be a strong bond of sympathy and
good fellowship that will serve to make
the training of . the child .a relatively
simple matter and-.tbe development In
him of resfiect and'obedhnce a simple
and natural outgrowth..
F. ED. PHASE!
Watches. Clocks and
Jewelry
Monmouth, Oregon
For Signs That Attract
nt
iNDEl'KNDKNCK,
PALM BARBER SHOP
Cooper'. Block. C W C. C ROBINSON, P,oP.
Dealer In Drber Supplies, Razors. Strops,
Soap, Mugs and Bruihes. Balris In Con
nection. Agent for Dallas Laundry.
INDEPENDENCE,
BICE & CALBEEATH
House Furnishers
We carryjtlie most com
plete line of House Jr
nfshingip Polk County;
CARPETS and RUGS
Carpets ee wed while you wait.
Undertaker and Fu
neral Director
.-... -- . ..
All calls promptly attended to, day or night. ;
- phone 273 . . . , .. MAIN.STKKKT.; ,
INDEPENDENCE 7
WAGONS and BUGGIES
THE RUSHF0RD WAGON
Is known the WORLD OVER for its lasting qualities,
. strength and light running ,
For tha latest styles and up-to-date buggies, buy Michigan as their fin
ish and construction is superior to any other make of jobs. A trial will convince
you of the fact. .... - ; .hi!
Do not buy until
you see our line ' .
R. M. "WADE & CO.
W. E: CRAVEN, Manager
Albert Sperling
Sign Painter
OrI'GON
OREGON
Independence, Or,