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About West side enterprise. (Independence, Polk County, Or.) 1904-1908 | View Entire Issue (March 26, 1908)
Is Proposed by A. B. Cordley
Superior to Bordeaux.
TREATMENT SAN JOSE SCALE
Observations Made by a Noted
Entomologist is of Interest
to Fruit Growers,
Tin) ecrious rcNults in the form of
"IUinlciitu Injury" which often fol
low jpIii'Hliott of bonlcaux mixture
render it almost imperative that
aoinc means lie found of rethieing this
injury, or tlmt somo spray lo (Uncov
ered wjiieh may be Ueed as a sub
atitutc for bordeaux.
For the jiuut two or threo yearn I
liave observed, after winter spraying
llound jn'iir tree with lime-sulphur
solutions, for Han Jokc seule, that the
fruit upon the sprayed trees was lens
"HcnLby" than that upon uncprayed
tree. l'im two different occasions
thin winter application was delayed
until tho blossoms were about to
open and while the spray which was
applied at the full strength and did
considerable injury at the time, its
decidedly beneficial effects were not ice
able when the fruit yas gathered.
However the generally-Rood result
which follow winter applications of
lime-sulphur are now well known and
this part of tho work requires no
Nevertheless, these observations
iiivirnuteil to mo the urobubilitv
"hh""" I "
that lime-sulphur solution might be
used as a substitute for bordeaux mix
ture for summer applications and
during tho past year I have so used it
upon' various plants and for various
It is not proposed at this time to go
at all into detail regarding these- ex
periments I wish only to call your
attention to some of the results ob
tained whieh.show conclusively that
lime-sulphur solutions may bo used
as a summer spray without injury to
Joliage and also point strongly to the
probability that by its use apple scab
may be effectually controlled without
danger of spray injury to fruit,
i Sufficient work has not been done
to justify tho statement that lime
sulphur is equal to bordeaux as a
preventive of this disease but the re
sults of the single season's work point
so strongly to this conclusion that I
feel justified in calling attention to
them, that growers who have suffered
loss from bordeaux injury, and others
who are interested, may make com
parative tests tof the two sprays the
coming season. .
. In carrying but the work the past
season it became necessary first' of all
to determine how strong a solution
could be used without injury to the
foliago. This, again, made it necessary
to adopt some method of "standard
izing" the spray. After considerable
work we adopt what may be termed
the "stock solution" method of pre
paring the spray and adopted as a
' standard for the work a "stock solu
tion" having a specific gravity of 1.27.
(For determinig the specific gravity
of the solution while at work in the
field we have found the specific gravity
hvdrometer a very convenient instru
ment. It is cheap, simple and con
venient and I would recommend
every grower who expects to Use lime-
sulphur as a summer spray to obtain
"one) ' '
This solution, similar to the Rex,
Niagara and Phoenix lime-sulphur
sprays upon the market, any of which
would undoubtedly do as well, is of a
clear dark amber color, is without
sediment, and as stated above had a
specific gravity of 1.27. Analysis
showed that each gallon contained in
solution 2.:H pound of u!phtir.
"Imriug thti season of r.H7 t!ieo
.K-k solution" of lime-sulphur
erMicd variously lhit4 upon tbfl
apple, er, jx-aHi, plum, prune.
ijuineu, flurry, grape, Utoe ami
Tho result obtained indicate! that
lime-ulplmr sprays produced by
UiluthiK one Kulloii of the stock volu
tion with titeii gallons of water nuty
bo wifely used U -on all of the above
named plant, with the exception of
tho H'eh, tin lew it may I early in
the upring when vry slight Injury
wit produced. For use upon the
jteaeh each gallon of ixlution hould
be diluted with at leant twenty gal
lon of water.
For the experiments with apple
cab a block of 400 Yellow Newton
tree were selected because this variety
is particularly susceptiblo to thi
disease and U-oao.se thi block wa
known to be badly infested.
The entire orchard wa sprayed
with lime-sulphur for Ban Jose scale
late in February. Tho orchard wa
then divided into two plats. One
plat wa srpayod w ith bordeaux UKn
April 20. May 8 and May 14. The
other plat wa sprayed upon the same
dates with lime-sulphur solution
diluted 1-15. Un sprayed trees were
left a cheek in each flat.
At picking time the fruit wa
carefully gathered, examined and
separated into two grades to show
percent of fruit absolutely free from
scab, slightly ecabby and badly scab
bed. It was then regarded to show
js'rcent of fruit injured by spray.
The summing of results is shown
graphically in the following table:
Column marked A, shows jx-rcent of
fruit free from scab; 15, that showing
only small scab spots; C, that badly
scabbed and unmarketable; D, shows
A B O V
L'tunntved 1.9 2S.7 81 0
Mpntyed bordeaux 48.1 34 15. 81.9
llme-eolphur.TU.S 143 S3
It must lie remembered in inter
preting these results that they repre
sent only one season's work upon ono
variety, but when taken with the re
sults that have been obtained in spray
ing other plants they certainly point
strongly to the conclusion that lime
sulphur solutions may be a-satisfactory
substitute for bordeaux for sum
mer spraying as they are now for win
NOTICE TO STOCKHOLDERS.
All tho stockholders of the Indepen
dence Cannery Company are hereby
notified to meet in the opera house on
Saturday, the 21st, at the hour of 2
o'clock p. m., for the purpose of elect
ing a board of seven directors, and for
such other business as may lawfully
come before the meeting. It is de
sired that any stockholder who cannot
be present at such meeting send in his
proxy with the name of the party he
desires to vote it, ' if he cannot be
W. A. MESSNER,
13. F. JONES, Chairman.
Dies from Consumption.
Robort Wilson, who had been con
fined to his tome in this city during
the last year, suffering from lung
trouble , died in this city on the eve
ning of Saturday, March 21st, Funer
al services were conducted from the
Baptist church, Rev. Mr. Hunsaker of
McMinnyille officiating, the burial
taking place in I. Or 0. F, cemetery.
Robert Wilson was a native of
Oregon, having been born near the
town of Philomath, Bonton county, in
18G8. Was married to Miss Lillie
Dickson of Lane county in 1887.
Leaves a wife and three children:
Clement, Roy and Vera; half brother,
Ira C. Rowe, of Buena Vista and
Albert T. Wilson of Corvallis, and
W. E. Wilson, Siuslaw, Lane county,
brothers. J. P. Wilson of Corvallis is
his father and Mrs. W. A. Beal of
Wells is a sister.
Card of Thanka.
The undersigned desire to thank the
neighbors and friends of Independence
who assisted in many ways by acts
and deeds during the sickness and
death of our mother.
J. N. FERGUSON
R. E. FERGUSON
New line of negligee shirts at Mess
ner, Conkey & Walker's.
Conservation ol Timber of
Interest to State.
WHOLESALE LUMBERMEN ARE
Represented by Delegation Who
Attend a Congressional
That tho lumbermen of tho country
who are engaged in the manufacture
and distribution of forest products
are interested in the work of the gov
ernment in conserving the natural
resources of the United States was
evidenced at the recent annual meet
ing of the National Wholesale
Lumber Dealers' Association in Wash
ington, I). C, when more time was
given up to tho question of forestry
than to any other topic that came up
before tho convention. This axsocia
tion takes in approximately 41)0 of the
wholesale lumbermen from all parts of
the country and what they had to say
a!mf the practical value of forestry is
of much public interest.
The secretary of the association in
his annual report recommended that
the wholesalers as a body should en
courage in every way the study of for
estry as part of the regular curriculum
of tho public schools. A report a':
was received from the delegate ap
pointed, to attend the congressional
hearing to urgo the taking of a cen
sus of the standing timber. The re
port, which pointed out the absolute
necessity of determining accurately
the amount of timber m the country
and which carried with it an endorse
ment of the project, was adopted with
out a dissenting voice. The deep in
terest of the lumbermen in the matter
of forestry was again manifested when
the program of the meeting was ex
tended to permit of the calling upon
representatives of the ' Forest Service
to address the meeting.
The attitude of the lumbermen
toward forestry was aptly described
during the meeting by a wholesaler
who said: "Lumbermen are not
interested imiorestry or the work of
forest service on any theoretical
grounds, but we look upon forestry
as a business proposition solely and
what it will return to us in dollars and
cents. We all realize that the avail
able supply of timber is becoming
smaller and smaller each year and
that if we are to continue in business
we must conserve the supply. When I
first began business many years ago we
got our white pine and hemlock from
Pennsylvania exclusively to distribute
in the eastern markets. Today
practically all our white pine comes
from Michigan and Minnesota and
our hemlock from West Virginia and
adjoining states. In a comparatively
few years at the present rate of cut
ting we will have to go still farther for
our supplies and even substitutes and
at the same time lumber will cost us
considerably more, and the consumer
will have to' pay the price."
Articles ot Incorporation.
Articles of incorporation were filed
in the county clerk's office in Dallas
last week of the Independence Cun
ning Company, by Messrs. W. A.
Messner, G. A. Wells, B. F. Jones, II.
Hirachberg and Verd Hill. The capi
tal stock is placed at $10,000, divided
into shares of par value of $25 the
The Gypsy Queen. K
The drama, put on in this city by
local talent, "The Gypsy Queen," was
a decided success. The Independence
Dramatic Club was assisted in the
production by Ray Westwood and J.
Conoway, who are clever comedians.
The roles were remarkably well sus-
t.iii"l throughout Die en!, and tin'
mi nie t'ffet tumbled much t the lau-j
tiful ci.iry of tlm play. The npi i.i! j
tie ininxlmed U-lweeu the acts were
up l the alutidurd. The Imllse, leiw-,
ever, al.irh greeted The iyjv (Ju.-en
was not hugfi a the merits of the
play deserved, especially when consid
ering the noble work mid purposes to
which the club devotes their time, and
the revenues derived from their efforts.
Tho play was gd to say the leust,
and Indejieiuli'iiee eopo should at
tend such efforts even to their own in-
coiiveiiieiieii if they would encourage
work of a higher class ami mierior
represMitation in our town. If we do
not attend good plays when they come
we should nt complain w hen we are
compelled to sit through poorer pro
Dled at Rlckreall. ,
Mrs. William Muckie, who di-d at
the family home near Kickreiill last
Hunilay was born in Beotland 40 years
ago. Her maiden mime was Jennie
Keith. Bhe emigrated w it h her fam
ily to Ottaw a, Canada, in 18!MI, and
resided there five years. She then
moved to Michigan, and in 18'.)!) came
to Oregon. She left a husband and
one son, William Mackie, to mourn
Mrs. Mackie was a woman of many
excellent qualities, and was held in
the highest esteem by her neighbors
and friends.' Her death is a sad loss
to the community in which she had
made her homo since coming to Folk
county. Folk County Observer.
Mrs. Gubbard Holds Conventions.
Mrs. Joe Hubbard, grand warden of
the Ecbekah assembly, returned
Wednesday of last week from Sheri
dan where she held a district conven
tion of that order. She has been act
ing under an appointment of Mrs.
Emma Galloway, of Hillsboro. She
also held a convention at Ilillsboro
Saturday. Daring her sojourn in
Sheridan she was the guest of Dr.
and Mrs. S. A. Mulkey, who are for
mer residents of Independence. As a
matter of interest to the jeople of
Monmouth Mrs. Hubbard states that
an order of Rebekahs is soon to be
organized at that city.
K. P. DISTRICT CONVENTION
The Knights of Pythias Will
Own City Saturday.
" Homer Lodge, No. 45, K. of P., will
entertain the district convention of
that order on the evening of March
28th. The Fythian district No. 4 com
prises Marion, Linn, Benton and Polk
counties.' Mr. Verd Hill, of this city,
is deputy grand chancellor for this dis
trict. Mr. Hill has been very busy
lately working up Jthis convention.
Tho committees of the local lodge are
making extensive preparation for the
event, as a large attendance is ex
The prize for the winning team has
been secured and is on display in O.
A. Kramer's show window. Interest
in the coming, convention . is very
marked over the district, according to
reports that have come to the local
lodge, and a contest of more than or-s
dinary spirit will be the result of the
There are twelve lodges . comprised
in the fourth district and it is thought
that teams will be here representing
most of them.
Big Blaze in Independence.
Fire broke out in the lumber shed
belonging to , Homer Hill, situated
near the depot, last Friday night at 1
o'clock. The building and contents
were destroyed. It is thought that
the fire was of incendiary origin, ho
bos having been routed out of the shed
earlier iu the night, and for spite it is
believed they returned and set fare to
it. The fire department turned out
promptly, but the blaze had gained
such headway before it was discovered
that it. was impossible to save any
thing of it, though they worked hero
ically. There was no insurance on the
property, it. is said, and the loss is
something like a thousand dollars.
Pictorial Review patterns carried in
stock by Messner, Conkey & ' Walker.
FIRST STATE BANK
A a EX F.JUL VAXKLVG
OrricEtw and Dibkctohs:
W. A. Messner. Pres. E. Hofer, Vice-Pre. C. C. Patrick, Cash
Wtn. RiduVll F. N. Btump. J. P. Rogr
Wagons and Buggies
J Car Load of Studebaker Rigs
and Wagons. The Finest that
ever hit the city.
Shelf and Heavy Hardware
..fianna SL Irvine..
Independence, & j& Oregon
, H h
i . Tl f i A
Boost! Boost! Boost! 1 1
for the "Bine Ribbon County" of Oregon. Is Polk county
keepiDg abreast of the development that is in progress
throughout the etate? To attain the fall meade of its possi
bilities every community must have a local spirit of co-operation.
This spirit is best manifest by loyalty to local in
stitutions. Are you using our flour? y
"Pride of Oregon" 'Valley," and
"Prize Peach," hard wheat,
are our brands. '
W. T. Hoffman
Oregon Milling &
; -i- '
POLK COUNTY BANK
MONMOUTH, - OREGON. ,
, -' - ... " . .
PAID CAPITAL $30,000.00
Transacts a general banking and exchange business. Deposits
received, Loans made, Drafts sold.
Officers and Directors
J. H. Hawley, Prea., P. L. Campbell, Vice Prs., Ira C. Powell. Cashier
J. B. V. Butlsr. F. S. Powell, J. B. Btump,
I. M. Simpson.
the line of-
Something Nice in
We have Single nd Double 8u, mle o
the finest lentnere and beautifully Hnlahed and
trlmoM-d. Not only orf In deln and
shinning, hot every article well sewn and
rearfy for long and ardnom service. We ehall
be pleased to show you naniplea of our stock
Harness, and to also make set to your order.
We guarantee antire satisfaction with our
work and the materals that we pot Into it.
Warenouse Co. g
f va-f " "